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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Nonlinear Estimation And Control Methods For Mechanical And Aerospace Systems Under Actuator Uncertainty, Krishna Bhavithavya Kidambi Aug 2019

Nonlinear Estimation And Control Methods For Mechanical And Aerospace Systems Under Actuator Uncertainty, Krishna Bhavithavya Kidambi

Dissertations and Theses

Air flow velocity field control is of crucial importance in aerospace applications to prevent the potentially destabilizing effects of phenomena such as cavity ow oscillations, flow separation, flow-induced limit cycle oscillations (LCO) (flutter), vorticity, and acoustic instabilities. Flow control is also important in aircraft applications to reduce drag in aircraft wings for improved flight performance. Although passive flow control approaches are often utilized due to their simplicity, active flow control (AFC) methods can achieve improved flight performance over a wider range of time-varying operating conditions by automatically adjusting their level of control actuation in response to real-time sensor measurements. Although ...


Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield Jul 2019

Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

The response of superconductors to controlled introduction of point-like disorder is an important tool to probe their microscopic electronic collective behavior. In the case of iron-based superconductors, magnetic fluctuations presumably play an important role in inducing high-temperature superconductivity. In some cases, these two seemingly incompatible orders coexist microscopically. Therefore, understanding how this unique coexistence state is affected by disorder can provide important information about the microscopic mechanisms involved. In one of the most studied pnictide family, hole-doped Ba1−xKxFe2As2 (BaK122), this coexistence occurs over a wide range of doping levels, 0.16 ≲ x ≲ 0.25. We used ...


Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee Jul 2019

Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee

Paul C. Canfield

Intermetallic compounds possess unique atomic arrangements that often lead to exceptional material properties, but their extreme brittleness usually causes fracture at a limited strain of less than 1% and prevents their practical use. Therefore, it is critical for them to exhibit either plasticity or some form of structural transition to absorb and release a sufficient amount of mechanical energy before failure occurs. This study reports that the ThCr2Si2-structured intermetallic compound (CaFe2As2) and a hybrid of its structure (CaKFe4As4) with 2 µm in diameter and 6 µm in height can exhibit superelasticity with strain up to 17% through a reversible, deformation-induced ...


Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield Jul 2019

Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The response of superconductors to controlled introduction of point-like disorder is an important tool to probe their microscopic electronic collective behavior. In the case of iron-based superconductors, magnetic fluctuations presumably play an important role in inducing high-temperature superconductivity. In some cases, these two seemingly incompatible orders coexist microscopically. Therefore, understanding how this unique coexistence state is affected by disorder can provide important information about the microscopic mechanisms involved. In one of the most studied pnictide family, hole-doped Ba1−xKxFe2As2 (BaK122), this coexistence occurs over a wide range of doping levels, 0.16 ≲ x ≲ 0.25. We used ...


Investigation Of Fundamental Principles Of Rigid Body Impact Mechanics, Khalid Alluhydan Jul 2019

Investigation Of Fundamental Principles Of Rigid Body Impact Mechanics, Khalid Alluhydan

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

In impact mechanics, the collision between two or more bodies is a common, yet a very challenging problem. Producing analytical solutions that can predict the post-collision motion of the colliding bodies require consistent modeling of the dynamics of the colliding bodies. This dissertation presents a new method for solving the two and multibody impact problems that can be used to predict the post-collision motion of the colliding bodies. Also, we solve the rigid body collision problem of planar kinematic chains with multiple contacts with external surfaces.

In the first part of this dissertation, we study planar collisions of Balls and ...


Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan Jun 2019

Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan

Xiaoli Tan

The antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in PbZrO3-based oxides is of both fundamental and practical importance. In ceramics in which such a transition readily occurs, the antiferroelectric and the ferroelectric phases often coexist in individual grains with a coherent interphase interface. In this work, the electric biasing in situ transmission electron microscopy technique is employed to directly observe a unique microstructural dynamic when ferroelectric and antiferroelectric domains are driven by a moderate electric field to interact. It is found that, under monotonic loading, the ferroelectric domain grows until it is blocked by the ferroelectric-antiferroelectric interface. At the same time, a kink is ...


Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan Jun 2019

Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in PbZrO3-based oxides is of both fundamental and practical importance. In ceramics in which such a transition readily occurs, the antiferroelectric and the ferroelectric phases often coexist in individual grains with a coherent interphase interface. In this work, the electric biasing in situ transmission electron microscopy technique is employed to directly observe a unique microstructural dynamic when ferroelectric and antiferroelectric domains are driven by a moderate electric field to interact. It is found that, under monotonic loading, the ferroelectric domain grows until it is blocked by the ferroelectric-antiferroelectric interface. At the same time, a kink is ...


Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee Jun 2019

Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Intermetallic compounds possess unique atomic arrangements that often lead to exceptional material properties, but their extreme brittleness usually causes fracture at a limited strain of less than 1% and prevents their practical use. Therefore, it is critical for them to exhibit either plasticity or some form of structural transition to absorb and release a sufficient amount of mechanical energy before failure occurs. This study reports that the ThCr2Si2-structured intermetallic compound (CaFe2As2) and a hybrid of its structure (CaKFe4As4) with 2 µm in diameter and 6 µm in height can exhibit superelasticity with strain up to 17% through a reversible, deformation-induced ...


Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan Jun 2019

Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan

Xiaoli Tan

(Bi 1/2Na 1/2)TiO 3-based solid solutions, one of the major systems of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, exhibit a low thermal depolarization temperature ( T d~100°C). It was reported that by incorporating 30 mol% ZnO particles to form a ceramic composite of (Bi 1/2Na 1/2) 0.94Ba 0.06TiO 3/ZnO, the depolarization process can be shifted up to ~250 °C. In the present work, a variety of advanced transmission electron microscopy techniques, including in situ heating, annular bright-field, high-angle annular dark-field, geometric phase analysis, energy-dispersive spectrum and electron energy-loss spectroscopy, are employed to investigate the ...


An Investigation Of The Anomalous Thrust Capabilities Of The Electromagnetic Drive, Hannah J. Simons Jun 2019

An Investigation Of The Anomalous Thrust Capabilities Of The Electromagnetic Drive, Hannah J. Simons

Physics

The Electromagnetic Drive (EMDrive) is a propellant-less engine concept hypothesized by aero- space engineer Roger Shawyer. Shawyer’s proposed thruster technology is grounded on the theory of electromagnetic resonant behavior exhibited by a radiofrequency cavity, though the source of any generated thrust is undetermined by current physical laws. NASA Eagleworks Laboratories at John- son Space Center conducted a vacuum test campaign to investigate previously reported anomalous thrust capabilities of such a closed radiofrequency cavity, using a low-thrust torsion pendulum. The team published positive, although small-scaled thrust results in 2017. Following NASA Eagleworks breakthrough result and operating under the assumption that ...


High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, Landen G Mcdonald May 2019

High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, Landen G Mcdonald

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Turbulent fluid flow is an incredibly unpredictable subject that continues to confound scientists and engineers. All of the empirical data that has been the basis of conventional turbulent computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models for decades only extends to roughly the equivalent turbulence created when Michael Phelps swims in a pool. The problem is that this data is then extrapolated out many orders of magnitude in order to design cruise ships, airplanes, and rockets which operate in significantly more turbulent flow regimes. This creates an incredible degree of uncertainty in the design process that demands over-engineering and increased expenditures.

The development ...


Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino May 2019

Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Automation of various modes of transportation is thought to make travel more safe and efficient. Over the past several decades advances to semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles have led to advanced autopilot systems on planes and boats and an increasing popularity of self-driving cars. We simulated the motion of an autonomous vehicle using computational models. The simulation models the motion of a small-scale watercraft, which can then be built and programmed using an Arduino Microcontroller. We examined different control methods for a simulated rescue craft to reach a target. We also examined the effects of different factors, such as various biases ...


Feedforward And Feedback Signals In The Olfactory System, Srimoy Chakraborty May 2019

Feedforward And Feedback Signals In The Olfactory System, Srimoy Chakraborty

Theses and Dissertations

The conglomeration of myriad activities in neural systems often results in prominent oscillations. The primary goal of the research presented in this thesis was to study effects of sensory stimulus on the olfactory system of rats, focusing on the olfactory bulb (OB) and the anterior piriform cortex (aPC). Extracellular electrophysiological measurements revealed distinct frequency bands of oscillations in OB and aPC. However, how these oscillatory fluctuations help the animal to process sensory input is not clearly understood. Here we show high frequency oscillations in olfactory bulb carry feedforward signals to anterior piriform cortex whereas feedback from the aPC is predominantly ...


Predicting The Mechanical Properties Of Nanocomposites Reinforced With 1-D, 2-D And 3-D Nanomaterials, Scott Edward Muller May 2019

Predicting The Mechanical Properties Of Nanocomposites Reinforced With 1-D, 2-D And 3-D Nanomaterials, Scott Edward Muller

Theses and Dissertations

Materials with features at the nanoscale can provide unique mechanical properties and increased functionality when included as part of a nanocomposite. This dissertation utilizes computational methods at multiple scales, including molecular dynamics (MD) and density functional theory (DFT), and the coupled atomistic and discrete dislocation multiscale method (CADD), to predict the mechanical properties of nanocomposites possessing nanomaterials that are either 1-D (carbyne chains), 2-D (graphene sheets), or 3-D (Al/amorphous-Si core-shell nanorod).

The MD method is used to model Ni-graphene nanocomposites. The strength of a Ni-graphene nanocomposite is found to improve by increasing the gap between the graphene sheet and ...


Transferring Power Through A Magnetic Couple, Nickolas Cruz Villalobos Jr. May 2019

Transferring Power Through A Magnetic Couple, Nickolas Cruz Villalobos Jr.

Senior Theses

Properties of several working magnetic coupled rotors have been measured and their performance compared to theoretical models. Axial magnetic couplers allow rotors to work within harsh environments, without the need for seals, proper alignment, or overload protection on a motor. The influence of geometrical parameters, such as distance from the center of the rotors, polarity arrangement, and the number of dipole pairs were experimentally tested. These results can be used to improve rotor designs, to increase strength and efficiency.


Construction Of An Auger Microscope, Charles Soulen May 2019

Construction Of An Auger Microscope, Charles Soulen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis describes the design, adaptations and characterizations necessary to partially turn an Auger Electron Spectroscopy Instrument (AES) into an Auger Electron Microscope (AEM). The completed AEM will be able to scan and characterize materials over an area, unlike the AES which only took data from a single point. However, due to time constraints, this thesis only partially describes the creation of an AEM. We were able to show proof-of-concept, though, we were unable to run AEM on a material. We have also increased the theoretical accuracy of the instrument by replacing decades-old electronics with modern alternatives. Again, due to ...


Characterization Of Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy Grown Gan Substrates For Future Iii-Nitride Growth, Alaa Ahmad Kawagy May 2019

Characterization Of Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy Grown Gan Substrates For Future Iii-Nitride Growth, Alaa Ahmad Kawagy

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this research is to investigate and characterize the quality of commercially obtained gallium nitride (GaN) on sapphire substrates that have been grown using hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE). GaN substrates are the best choice for optoelectronic applications because of their physical and electrical properties. Even though HVPE GaN substrates are available at low-cost and create the opportunities for growth and production, these substrates suffer from large macro-scale defects on the surface of the substrate.

In this research, four GaN on sapphire substrates were investigated in order to characterize the surface defects and, subsequently, understand their influence on ...


Optical Response Analysis Of Thz Photoconductive Antenna Using Comsol Multiphysics, Jose Isaac Santos Batista May 2019

Optical Response Analysis Of Thz Photoconductive Antenna Using Comsol Multiphysics, Jose Isaac Santos Batista

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

A THz photoconductive antenna consists of antenna pads laid over a photoconductive substrate. These types of antennas are excited through the application of an optical pump (laser), which generates carriers inside the semiconductor. The acceleration and recombination of these carriers produce photocurrent that excites the antenna and generates THz pulse. This thesis focuses on analyzing the optical response of a photoconductive antenna, which consist of the interaction of the incident electric field of a laser pump with the radiating device. It develops the amplitude modulation process of a plane wave of light into a laser pump. It also takes into ...


Modeling Multiphase Flow And Substrate Deformation In Nanoimprint Manufacturing Systems, Andrew Cochrane Apr 2019

Modeling Multiphase Flow And Substrate Deformation In Nanoimprint Manufacturing Systems, Andrew Cochrane

Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs

Nanopatterns found in nature demonstrate that macroscopic properties of a surface are tied to its nano-scale structure. Tailoring the nanostructure allows those macroscopic surface properties to be engineered. However, a capability-gap in manufacturing technology inhibits mass-production of nanotechnologies based on simple, nanometer-scale surface patterns. This gap represents an opportunity for research and development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) processes. NIL is a process for replicating patterns by imprinting a fluid layer with a solid, nano-patterned template, after which ultraviolet cure solidifies the fluid resulting in a nano-patterned surface. Although NIL has been demonstrated to replicate pattern features as small as 4 ...


Planar Ion Probe For Low-Latitude Ionosphere/Thermosphere Enhancements In Density Cubesat Mission, Liam Owen Gunter Apr 2019

Planar Ion Probe For Low-Latitude Ionosphere/Thermosphere Enhancements In Density Cubesat Mission, Liam Owen Gunter

Dissertations and Theses

One of the crucial measurements for characterizing any space weather event is absolute plasma density and plasma density fluctuations, both spatially and temporally. Langmuir probes are the oldest and most proven instruments for these in-situ measurements. This thesis enumerates the development of a miniaturized low-noise Langmuir probe intended for a dual CubeSat mission to study equatorial temperature and wind anomaly in the Earth’s ionosphere.

The Langmuir probe instrument developed is of a planar geometry and fix biased in the ion saturation region, i.e. negative w.r.t. spacecraft chassis. Operating the Langmuir probe in the ion saturation region ...


Daily And Seasonal Variability Of Offshore Wind Power On The Central California Coast And Statewide Demand, Matthew Douglas Kehrli Apr 2019

Daily And Seasonal Variability Of Offshore Wind Power On The Central California Coast And Statewide Demand, Matthew Douglas Kehrli

Physics

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Sinusoidal Phase Modulation On Signal-To-Noise Ratio In A Digital Holography System, Davin Mao Mar 2019

Effects Of Sinusoidal Phase Modulation On Signal-To-Noise Ratio In A Digital Holography System, Davin Mao

Theses and Dissertations

Digital holography (DH) has been demonstrated to be an effective tool for tactical applications which involve in low signal-to-noise ratios (SNR). In practice, DH uses a strong reference beam from a local oscillator (LO) to scale SNR, however since DH relies on the interference of a signal beam with a mutually coherent LO, the coherence properties of the master oscillator (MO) can degrade system SNR for long range engagements. In this thesis, a digital holography system in the off-axis image plane recording geometry was assembled and used to measure the effects of the coherence properties of the MO on SNR ...


Variations Of Heavy Ion Abundances Relative To Proton Abundances In Large Solar Energetic Particle Events, Joseph F. Round Mar 2019

Variations Of Heavy Ion Abundances Relative To Proton Abundances In Large Solar Energetic Particle Events, Joseph F. Round

Theses and Dissertations

Past studies of heavy ions (Z>2) in large (E>10 MeV/nuc) gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events have focused on elemental abundances relative to those of a single element, such as Fe or O, and have often neglected ionized H (the primary element used for space weather purposes). This work analyzes SEP abundances in a group of 15 large gradual SEP events from 2000 to 2015 across the energy range of 13.5-50.7 MeV. Hourly flux averages of He, C, O, Mg and Fe from the Advanced Composition Explorer/Solar Isotope Spectrometer (ACE/SIS) are compared to ...


Determination Of Conversion Factors For Various Calibration Geometries Using Barium-133 In A Silver Zeolite Cartridge, Amin Hamideh Mar 2019

Determination Of Conversion Factors For Various Calibration Geometries Using Barium-133 In A Silver Zeolite Cartridge, Amin Hamideh

LSU Master's Theses

Iodine-131 (I-131) is a major fission product among other radionuclides released during a nuclear incident. This radioiodine has a half-life of 8.02 days and the primary organ of uptake through ingestion or inhalation is the thyroid gland. For these reasons, nuclear power plants must routinely monitor I-131 through air sampling. Currently, there are two adsorbing media to collect I-131: activated charcoal and silver zeolite cartridges. Silver zeolite cartridges are generally used during a post nuclear incident due to its affinity for iodine while not adsorbing noble gases such as krypton-85 and xenon-135. After an air sample is taken from ...


Connection Between Mott Physics And Crystal Structure In A Series Of Transition Metal Binary Compounds, Nicola Lanatà, Tsung-Han Lee, Yong-Xin Yao, Vladan Stevanović, Vladimir Dobrosavljević Mar 2019

Connection Between Mott Physics And Crystal Structure In A Series Of Transition Metal Binary Compounds, Nicola Lanatà, Tsung-Han Lee, Yong-Xin Yao, Vladan Stevanović, Vladimir Dobrosavljević

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The choice that a solid system “makes” when adopting a crystal structure (stable or metastable) is ultimately governed by the interactions between electrons forming chemical bonds. Here we analyze six prototypical binary transition metal compounds and shed light on the connection between Mott physics and the behavior of the energy as a function of the spatial arrangement of the atoms in these systems. Remarkably, we find that the main qualitative features of this complex behavior in the Mott phase of these systems can be traced back to the fact that the strong d-electron correlations influence substantially the charge transfer ...


Effects Of Dopants On The Glass Forming Ability In Al-Based Metallic Alloy, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho Feb 2019

Effects Of Dopants On The Glass Forming Ability In Al-Based Metallic Alloy, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The effect of dopants on the metallic glass forming ability is usually considered based on the analysis of changes in the liquid structure or thermodynamics. What is missing in such considerations is an analysis of how a dopant changes the properties of the crystal phases which can form instead of the glass. In order to illuminate this aspect we performed molecular dynamics simulations to study the effects of Mg and Sm dopants on the crystal nucleation in Al. The simulation data were found to be consistent with the experimental observations that addition of Mg to Al does not lead to ...


Ultrafast Nonlinear Transparency Driven At A Telecom Wavelength In An Organic Semiconductor System, Joong-Mok Park, Di Cheng, Aaron Patz, Liang Luo, Fadzai Fungura, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho, Joseph Shinar, Jigang Wang Feb 2019

Ultrafast Nonlinear Transparency Driven At A Telecom Wavelength In An Organic Semiconductor System, Joong-Mok Park, Di Cheng, Aaron Patz, Liang Luo, Fadzai Fungura, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho, Joseph Shinar, Jigang Wang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Ultrafast laser-induced transparency is demonstrated using femtosecond (fs) pump-probe experiments in the organic P3HT:PCBM (donor:acceptor) blend structure. For above band gap pumping, ultrafast transient signals strongly depend on the probe photon energy. Most intriguingly, for below band gap pumping at 0.95 eV, or 1.3 µm at a telecom wavelength, a huge transmission increase up to 30% only during the laser pulse ∼100 fs is observed as a pump-driven, quasi-instantaneous suppression of absorption for the high photon-energy energy probe beam. We attribute the observed laser-driven transparency to dynamic Franz-Keldysh effect, at least one order of magnitude stronger ...


University Physics I: Classical Mechanics, Julio Gea-Banacloche Feb 2019

University Physics I: Classical Mechanics, Julio Gea-Banacloche

Open Educational Resources

This is a “minimalist” textbook for a first semester of university, calculus-based physics, covering classical mechanics (including one chapter on mechanical waves, but excluding fluids), plus a brief introduction to thermodynamics. The presentation owes much to Mazur’s The Principles and Practice of Physics: conservation laws, momentum and energy, are introduced before forces, and one-dimensional setups are thoroughly explored before two-dimensional systems are considered. It contains both problems and worked-out examples.


Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan Feb 2019

Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

(Bi 1/2Na 1/2)TiO 3-based solid solutions, one of the major systems of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, exhibit a low thermal depolarization temperature ( T d~100°C). It was reported that by incorporating 30 mol% ZnO particles to form a ceramic composite of (Bi 1/2Na 1/2) 0.94Ba 0.06TiO 3/ZnO, the depolarization process can be shifted up to ~250 °C. In the present work, a variety of advanced transmission electron microscopy techniques, including in situ heating, annular bright-field, high-angle annular dark-field, geometric phase analysis, energy-dispersive spectrum and electron energy-loss spectroscopy, are employed to investigate the ...


Nucleation And Growth Kinetics For Intercalated Islands During Deposition On Layered Materials With Isolated Point-Like Surface Defects, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Y. Zhou, C.-J. Wang, M. Kim, Michael C. Tringides, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans Feb 2019

Nucleation And Growth Kinetics For Intercalated Islands During Deposition On Layered Materials With Isolated Point-Like Surface Defects, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Y. Zhou, C.-J. Wang, M. Kim, Michael C. Tringides, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Patricia A. Thiel

Theory and stochastic lattice-gas modeling is developed for the formation of intercalated metal islands in the gallery between the top layer and the underlying layer at the surface of layered materials. Our model for this process involves deposition of atoms, some fraction of which then enter the gallery through well-separated point-like defects in the top layer. Subsequently, these atoms diffuse within the subsurface gallery leading to nucleation and growth of intercalated islands nearby the defect point source. For the case of a single point defect, continuum diffusion equation analysis provides insight into the nucleation kinetics. However, complementary tailored lattice-gas modeling ...