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Elementary Particles and Fields and String Theory

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Precision Measurement Of The Beam-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, Qweak Collaboration, David Armstrong, Wouter Deconinck, K. Bartlett, J. C. Cornejo, R. D. Carlini, James F. Dowd, J. M. Finn, Valerie M. Gray, K. Grimm, J. R. Hoskins, J. P. Leckey, Jeong Han Lee, Joshua A. Magee, Victoria F. Owen Sep 2020

Precision Measurement Of The Beam-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, Qweak Collaboration, David Armstrong, Wouter Deconinck, K. Bartlett, J. C. Cornejo, R. D. Carlini, James F. Dowd, J. M. Finn, Valerie M. Gray, K. Grimm, J. R. Hoskins, J. P. Leckey, Jeong Han Lee, Joshua A. Magee, Victoria F. Owen

Arts & Sciences Articles

A beam-normal single-spin asymmetry generated in the scattering of transversely polarized electrons from unpolarized nucleons is an observable related to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange process. We report a 2% precision measurement of the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering with a mean scattering angle of theta_lab = 7.9 degrees and a mean energy of 1.149 GeV. The asymmetry result is B_n = -5.194 +- 0.067 (stat) +- 0.082 (syst) ppm. This is the most precise measurement of this quantity available to date and therefore provides a stringent test of two-photon exchange models at far-forward scattering ...


Particle Dynamics In Anti-De Sitter Space By Eih Method, Jiusi Lei Sep 2020

Particle Dynamics In Anti-De Sitter Space By Eih Method, Jiusi Lei

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Following the work of Einstein, Infeld and Hoffmann, we show that particle dynamics in Anti-de Sitter spacetime can be built up by regarding singularities in spacetime manifold as the source of particles.

Since gauge fields play a foundational role in the action, the singularities are chosen to be point-like instantons. Their winding number, defined by an integration on the spheres surrounding those singularities, will turn out to be related to their masses. And their action, derived from the Chern-Simons forms, will be a co-adjoint orbit action, with group element g ∈ SO(4, 2) describing the collective coordinates of the particle ...


Generalized Four-Dimensional Effective Hadronic Supersymmetry Based On Quantum Chromodynamics (Qcd), Enxi Yu Jun 2020

Generalized Four-Dimensional Effective Hadronic Supersymmetry Based On Quantum Chromodynamics (Qcd), Enxi Yu

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

New discovery in multiple laboratories around the globe has shown a supersymmetry between hadrons—baryons and mesons. In order to generalize the phenomenological hadronic supersymmetry, the spin-flavor SU(6) symmetry need an extension. This thesis present how we can extend SU(6) symmetry so that hadronic supersymmetry can be included. In the future, this extension can be also applied to pentaquark and tetraquark bags, for which there is an ongoing research in laboratories.


Small-X Qcd Calculations With A Biased Ensemble, Gary Kapilevich Jun 2020

Small-X Qcd Calculations With A Biased Ensemble, Gary Kapilevich

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation, I will argue that we can study functional fluctuations in unintegrated gluon distributions, in the MV model as well as JIMWLK, using reweighting techniques, which will allow me to calculate QCD observables with "biased ensembles". This technique will enable me to study rare functional configurations of the gluon distributions, that might have been selected for in, for example, the centrality criteria used by the ATLAS and ALICE collaborations. After a review of these techniques, as well as a review of QCD physics at high energy in general, I will use biased ensembles to compute observables in two ...


Searching For Doublet Vectorlike Leptons Using The Atlas Particle Detector, Brynn Keller May 2020

Searching For Doublet Vectorlike Leptons Using The Atlas Particle Detector, Brynn Keller

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Vectorlike leptons are a simple extension of the standard model, akin to a fourth family of leptons. This paper describes aspects of the preparation for a search for VLLs at an ATLAS particle collider. During this research, signal and control regions were determined with use of a Monte Carlo simulation in order to best estimate where to measure different kinds of background and where to search for a potential signal. These signal and control regions were optimized with respect to MET, LT, and number of light and heavy leptons with a goal of a 95\% confidence limit.


Coherent Captain Mills: The Search For Sterile Neutrinos, Ashley Elliott, Jeramy Gordon, Jonah Greenwood, Rachel Lake, Ryder Moreno, Emily Strawn, Kate Walker May 2020

Coherent Captain Mills: The Search For Sterile Neutrinos, Ashley Elliott, Jeramy Gordon, Jonah Greenwood, Rachel Lake, Ryder Moreno, Emily Strawn, Kate Walker

Discovery Day - Prescott

The observation of neutrino oscillations confirms that the active neutrinos (νe, νμ, ντ) are comprised of three mass eigenstates with Δm2 values between 10-3 to 10-5 eV2 . However, a persistent phenomenon has been observed at LSND, MiniBooNE and other shortbaseline experiments (SBE) where Δm2 ~ 1eV2 and is not compatible with the current mixing between mass eigenstates. However, a 4th neutrino, a sterile neutrino (νs) that doesn’t participate in weak interactions could explain the phenomena observed as SBE’s. An experiment has been constructed at TA-53 at Los Alamos National Laboratory to investigate this large Δm2 ~ 1eV2 and determine conclusively ...


Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2020), Philip C. Nelson May 2020

Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2020), Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

These course notes are made publicly available in the hope that they will be useful. All reports of errata will be gratefully received. I will also be glad to hear from anyone who reads them, whether or not you find errors: pcn@upenn.edu.


Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura May 2020

Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura

Physics Faculty Publications

Using the general formalism presented in [Phys. Rev. D 94, 013008 (2016); Phys. Rev. D 100, 034511 (2019)], we study the finite-volume effects for the 2 þ J → 2 matrix element of an external current coupled to a two-particle state of identical scalars with perturbative interactions. Working in a finite cubic volume with periodicity L, we derive a 1=L expansion of the matrix element through O(1=L5) and find that it is governed by two universal current-dependent parameters, the scalar charge and the threshold two particle form factor. We confirm the result through a numerical study of ...


Studying And Correcting For Helicity-Correlated False Asymmetries In The Prex Ii And Crex Experiments, Carrington Metts May 2020

Studying And Correcting For Helicity-Correlated False Asymmetries In The Prex Ii And Crex Experiments, Carrington Metts

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of the PREx II and CREx experiments are to determine the size of the neutron distribution in 208Pb and 48Ca, respectively. Because these isotopes have a large discrepancy in between the number of neutrons and protons, theoretical models predict that some of the neutrons will arrange themselves in a “skin” on the nucleus’s surface. Prior results from the PREx I experiment confirmed the existence of the neutron skin in 208Pb. All of the mentioned experiments employ the technique of parity-violating electron scattering. Electron-nucleus weak interactions are dominated by electron-neutron scattering, which is an order ...


293— Moly - Monitoring Oxygen Levels In Ntof Scintillators Using Cosmic Ray Muons, Sean King, Matthew Signor Apr 2020

293— Moly - Monitoring Oxygen Levels In Ntof Scintillators Using Cosmic Ray Muons, Sean King, Matthew Signor

GREAT Day

High Energy Density Physics and Inertial Confinement Fusion facilities employ nTOF methods to measure neutron energies. Laser induced fusion facilities use the beam pulse as a start signal and Xylene scintillators as the stop signal to obtain the time of flight. To improve timing performance, the scintillator liquid is quenched with oxygen reducing the light production. However, oxygen reacts with the scintillator liquid causing the detector photo flash decay time to increase that reduces the energy resolution of the detector. An in-situ monitoring system which uses cosmic ray muons to determine the oxygen concentration, is being developed at SUNY Geneseo ...


Charged Particle Identification Using Calorimetry And Tracking At The Belle Ii Experiment, Joseph T. Nunziata, Atanu Pathak, Swagato Banerjee Apr 2020

Charged Particle Identification Using Calorimetry And Tracking At The Belle Ii Experiment, Joseph T. Nunziata, Atanu Pathak, Swagato Banerjee

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

Particle identification (PID) is a critical procedure carried out in high energy physics experiments in search of new physics. When particles of matter (i.e., an electron) and antimatter (i.e., a positron) collide, new types of particles may form given certain conditions. Such particles may be classified as hadrons--which feel the strong nuclear force--and leptons--which do not. Identifying particles at the Belle II experiment is done by combining the measurement of energy deposited in the calorimeter with the measurement of track momentum in the tracker. In a tau lepton ($\tau$) decay sample, particles such as electrons, muons, and pions ...


Magnetic Forces In The Absence Of A Classical Magnetic Field, Ismael L. Paiva, Yakir Aharonov, Jeff Tollaksen, Mordecai Waegell Apr 2020

Magnetic Forces In The Absence Of A Classical Magnetic Field, Ismael L. Paiva, Yakir Aharonov, Jeff Tollaksen, Mordecai Waegell

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

It is shown that, in some cases, the effect of discrete distributions of flux lines in quantum mechanics can be associated with the effect of continuous distributions of magnetic fields with special symmetries. In particular, flux lines with an arbitrary value of magnetic flux can be used to create energetic barriers, which can be used to confine quantum systems in specially designed configurations. This generalizes a previous work where such energy barriers arose from flux lines with half-integer fluxons. Furthermore, it is shown how the Landau levels can be obtained from a two-dimensional grid of flux lines. These results suggest ...


Heavy Quark Expansion For Heavy-Light Light-Cone Operators, Shuai Zhao Apr 2020

Heavy Quark Expansion For Heavy-Light Light-Cone Operators, Shuai Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

We generalize the celebrated heavy quark expansion to nonlocal QCD operators. By taking nonlocal heavy-light current on the light-cone as an example, we confirm that the collinear singularities are common between QCD operator and the corresponding operator in heavy quark effective theory (HQET), at the leading power of 1/M expansion. Based on a perturbative calculation in operator form at one-loop level, a factorization formula linking QCD and HQET operators is investigated and the matching coefficient is determined. The matching between QCD and HQET light-cone distribution amplitudes (LCDAs) as well as other momentum distributions of hadron can be derived as ...


The Clas12 Software Framework And Event Reconstruction, V. Ziegler, N. A. Baltzell, F. Bossù, D. S. Carman, P. Chatanon, M. Contalbrigo, J. Newton, M. Ungaro Apr 2020

The Clas12 Software Framework And Event Reconstruction, V. Ziegler, N. A. Baltzell, F. Bossù, D. S. Carman, P. Chatanon, M. Contalbrigo, J. Newton, M. Ungaro

Physics Faculty Publications

We describe offline event reconstruction for the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer at 12 GeV (CLAS12), including an overview of the offline reconstruction framework and software tools, a description of the algorithms developed for the individual detector subsystems, and the overall approach for charged and neutral particle identification. We also present the scheme for data processing and the code management procedures.


Measurement Of The Photon Beam Asymmetry In ΓpK+Σ0 At EΓ = 8.5 Gev With Gluex, Nilanga Indrajie Wickramaarachchi Apr 2020

Measurement Of The Photon Beam Asymmetry In Γp → K+Σ0 At EΓ = 8.5 Gev With Gluex, Nilanga Indrajie Wickramaarachchi

Physics Theses & Dissertations

In this work the photon beam asymmetry Σ for the reaction γp K+ Σ0(1193) is measured using the GlueX experiment in Hall D at Jefferson Lab. The analysis used data that were collected using a linearly polarized photon beam in the energy range (8.2 - 8.8) GeV incident on a liquid hydrogen target. The beam asymmetries are measured as a function of the Mandelstam variable t and as a single value for the low u region. These are the first exclusive measurements of the photon beam asymmetry Σ in this reaction at energies above the baryon resonance ...


Search For Displaced Hadronic Vertices In The Atlas Inner Detector And Muon Spectrometer In P-P Collisions At √S = 13 Tev At The Lhc, Margaret S. Lutz Mar 2020

Search For Displaced Hadronic Vertices In The Atlas Inner Detector And Muon Spectrometer In P-P Collisions At √S = 13 Tev At The Lhc, Margaret S. Lutz

Doctoral Dissertations

A search is performed for long-lived neutral particles using 33 fb−1 of 13 TeV proton-proton collision data produced by the LHC and collected by the ATLAS detector during 2016. This search focuses on the topology in which pairs of displaced hadronic jets are produced, with one in the inner detector and the other in the muon spectrometer. Special techniques are used to reconstruct the displaced decays. One event is found passing the full signal selection, which is consistent with the back- ground estimation. Limits are set at a 95% upper confidence level on the BR × σ for a SM ...


Truncations Of W (Infinity) Algebras, Mohammed Akram Fellah Mar 2020

Truncations Of W (Infinity) Algebras, Mohammed Akram Fellah

Department of Physics Faculty Publications

We introduce a new class of Vertex Operator Algebras Y+ and their duals, which generalize the standard W-algebras WN of type sl(N). These algebras can be defined in terms of junctions of boundary conditions and interfaces in the GL-twisted N = 4 Super Yang Mills gauge theory.

The aim of these technical calculations is to find the relation of these ortho-symplectic Y-algebras to truncations of even W\infinity.


Validation Of Upgrade Of The Geant4 Simulation Toolkit To Model The Responses From Top And Arich Detectors, Dominic M Smith, Mason A. Ross, Swagato Banerjee, Davis N. Brown Jan 2020

Validation Of Upgrade Of The Geant4 Simulation Toolkit To Model The Responses From Top And Arich Detectors, Dominic M Smith, Mason A. Ross, Swagato Banerjee, Davis N. Brown

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

Belle II is the next generation B-Factory experiment at the world's highest luminosity accelerator the SuperKEKB collider, which is designed to collect 50 times more data than the previous generation experiments. A hallmark feature of B-Factory experiments is to use novel characteristics of Cherenkov detectors for identification of the flavor of charged particles passing through the detector. The TOP and the ARICH detectors can identify charged pions and kaons with high precision. The response to the passage of high energetic particles in the detector is modeled with the Geant4 simulation toolkit. Here we compare the performances of these two ...


Validating The Belle2 Physicslist In Geant4 V10.1.2, Dustyn D Hofer, Swagato Banerjee Dr., David N. Brown Dr., Atanu Pathak Jan 2020

Validating The Belle2 Physicslist In Geant4 V10.1.2, Dustyn D Hofer, Swagato Banerjee Dr., David N. Brown Dr., Atanu Pathak

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

Since the start of software development at the Belle II experiment operating at the KEK national laboratory in Tsukuba, Japan, the simulation tool kit Geant4 has undergone several updates. As a member in the ongoing collaboration, the University of Louisville’s High Energy Physics (HEP) group is striving to validate newer versions of Geant4 to maximize improvements of physics performance.We have simulated the performance of a new physics list sub-module, the "Belle2 PhysicsList", with improved modeling of hadronic shower shape and standard electromagnetic processes. Using a reconstruction-based selection procedure on tau-pair events decaying into a final state consisting ofe ...


Measurement Of The Single-Spin Asymmetry A⁰ʸ In Quasi-Elastic ³He↑(E,E'N) Scattering At 0.4 < Q2 < 1.0 Gev/C2, E. Long, Y.W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, M. Canan, S. Golge, L. Zhu Jan 2020

Measurement Of The Single-Spin Asymmetry A⁰ʸ In Quasi-Elastic ³He↑(E,E'N) Scattering At 0.4 2 2, E. Long, Y.W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, M. Canan, S. Golge, L. Zhu

Physics Faculty Publications

Due to the lack of free neutron targets, studies of the structure of the neutron are typically made by scattering electrons from either ²H or ³He targets. In order to extract useful neutron information from a ³He target, one must understand how the neutron in a ³He system differs from a free neutron by taking into account nuclear effects such as final state interactions and meson exchange currents. The target single spin asymmetry A⁰ʸ is an ideal probe of such effects, as any deviation from zero indicates effects beyond plane wave impulse approximation. New measurements of the target single spin ...


Large N Fields And Holography, Animik Ghosh Jan 2020

Large N Fields And Holography, Animik Ghosh

Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy

We study (nearly) AdS/CFT holography within the context of the Sachdev-Ye- Kitaev (SYK) model. We present a systematic procedure to extract the dynamics of the low energy Schwarzian mode in SYK type models with a single energy scale J and emergent reparametrization symmetry in the infrared within the framework of perturbation theory. We develop a systematic approach using Feynman diagrams in bilocal theory to obtain a formal expression for the enhanced and O(1) corrections to the bilocal propagator and apply this general technique to large q SYK. We show that the Schwarzian theory describes a sector of a ...


Long-Range Electroweak Amplitudes Of Single Hadrons From Euclidean Finite-Volume Correlation Functions, Raúl A. Briceño, Zohreh Davoudi, Maxwell T. Hansen, Matthias R. Schindler, Alessandro Baroni Jan 2020

Long-Range Electroweak Amplitudes Of Single Hadrons From Euclidean Finite-Volume Correlation Functions, Raúl A. Briceño, Zohreh Davoudi, Maxwell T. Hansen, Matthias R. Schindler, Alessandro Baroni

Physics Faculty Publications

A relation is presented between single-hadron long-range matrix elements defined in a finite Euclidean spacetime and the corresponding infinite-volume Minkowski amplitudes. This relation is valid in the kinematic region where any number of two-hadron states can simultaneously go on shell, so that the effects of strongly coupled intermediate channels are included. These channels can consist of nonidentical particles with arbitrary intrinsic spins. The result accommodates general Lorentz structures as well as nonzero momentum transfer for the two external currents inserted between the single-hadron states. The formalism, therefore, generalizes the work by Christ et al. [Phys. Rev. D 91, 114510 (2015 ...


Quasielastic Lepton Scattering And Back-To-Back Nucleons In The Short-Time Approximation, S. Pastore, J. Carlson, S. Gandolfi, R. Schiavilla, R. B. Wiringa Jan 2020

Quasielastic Lepton Scattering And Back-To-Back Nucleons In The Short-Time Approximation, S. Pastore, J. Carlson, S. Gandolfi, R. Schiavilla, R. B. Wiringa

Physics Faculty Publications

Understanding quasielastic electron and neutrino scattering from nuclei has taken on new urgency with current and planned neutrino oscillation experiments, and with electron scattering experiments measuring specific final states, such as those involving nucleon pairs in "back-to-back" configurations. Accurate many-body methods are available for calculating the response of light (A <= 12) nuclei to electromagnetic and weak probes, but they are computationally intensive and only applicable to the inclusive response. In the present work we introduce a novel approach, based on realistic models of nuclear interactions and currents, to evaluate the short-time (high-energy) inclusive and exclusive response of nuclei. The approach accounts reliably for crucial two-nucleon dynamics, including correlations and currents, and provides information on back-to-back nucleons observed in electron and neutrino scattering experiments. We demonstrate that in the quasielastic regime and at moderate momentum transfers both initial- and final-state correlations and two-nucleon currents are important for a quantitatively successful description of the inclusive response and final-state nucleons. Finally, the approach can be extended to include relativistic-kinematical and dynamical-effects, at least approximately in the two-nucleon sector, and to describe the response in the resonance-excitation region.


Theoretical Studies Of C And Cp Violation In $\Eta \To \Pi^+ \Pi^- \Pi^0$ Decay, Jun Shi Jan 2020

Theoretical Studies Of C And Cp Violation In $\Eta \To \Pi^+ \Pi^- \Pi^0$ Decay, Jun Shi

Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy

A violation of mirror symmetry in the $\eta\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ Dalitz plot has long been recognized as a signal of C and CP violation. In this thesis, we show how the isospin of the underlying C- and CP-violating structures can be reconstructed from their kinematic representation in the Dalitz plot. Our analysis of the most recent experimental data reveals, for the first time, that the C- and CP-violating amplitude with total isospin I = 2 is much more severely suppressed than that with total isospin I = 0.

In searching for C- and CP-violating sources beyond the SM, we ...


Constraints On Parton Distribution Functions Imposed By Hadronic Experiments, Boting Wang Dec 2019

Constraints On Parton Distribution Functions Imposed By Hadronic Experiments, Boting Wang

Physics Theses and Dissertations

The theoretical uncertainties of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) observables are decreasing with the increasing statistics of the LHC experiments, and it is becoming more and more important to reduce the uncertainties in the knowledge of the nucleon structure. The latest LHC high-energy experiments, future experimental proposals, and computational tools are expected to enhance the knowledge of the nucleon structure. However, the global analysis that assesses their impact on Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) knowledge is computationally expensive due to the corresponding large size of data. I developed a new approach that can make a quick preliminary evaluation to help the ...


Measurement Of The Production Cross Section Of Four Top Quarks In Proton-Proton Collisions At 13 Tev, Caleb Fangmeier Dec 2019

Measurement Of The Production Cross Section Of Four Top Quarks In Proton-Proton Collisions At 13 Tev, Caleb Fangmeier

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The field of particle physics involves not only searches for new particles and measurements of their interactions, but also the design and construction of advanced particle detectors. This thesis presents the measurement of the production cross section of four top quarks in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV using 137 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. This analysis considers events in the final state of a same-sign pair of leptons, notable for being a final state with relatively few Standard Model background events. A boosted decision tree is utilized to ...


Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements: Conserved Currents And Bound States, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura Dec 2019

Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements: Conserved Currents And Bound States, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura

Physics Faculty Publications

Recently, a framework has been developed to study form factors of two-hadron states probed by an external current. The method is based on relating finite-volume matrix elements, computed using numerical lattice QCD, to the corresponding infinite-volume observables. As the formalism is complicated, it is important to provide nontrivial checks on the final results and also to explore limiting cases in which more straightforward predictions may be extracted. In this work we provide examples on both fronts. First, we show that, in the case of a conserved vector current, the formalism ensures that the finite-volume matrix element of the conserved charge ...


Pion Valence Structure From Ioffe-Time Parton Pseudodistribution Functions, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orinos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David G. Richards, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos Dec 2019

Pion Valence Structure From Ioffe-Time Parton Pseudodistribution Functions, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orinos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David G. Richards, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a calculation of the pion valence quark distribution extracted using the formalism of reduced Ioffe-time pseudodistributions or more commonly known as pseudo-PDFs. Our calculation is carried out on two different 2 + 1 flavor QCD ensembles using the isotropic-clover fermion action, with lattice dimensions 243 × 64 and 323 × 96 at the lattice spacing of a = 0.127 fm, and with the quark mass equivalent to a pion mass of mπ ≃ 415 MeV. We incorporate several combinations of smeared-point and smeared-smeared pion source-sink interpolation fields in obtaining the lattice QCD matrix elements using the summation method. After ...


Longitudinal Bunch Profile Diagnostic For Magnetized Electron Beams, Mark Stefani, Fay Hannon Nov 2019

Longitudinal Bunch Profile Diagnostic For Magnetized Electron Beams, Mark Stefani, Fay Hannon

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The study of magnetized electron beam has become a high priority for its use in ion beam cooling as part of electron ion colliders and the potential of easily forming flat beams with a large aspect ratio. In this paper, a new diagnostic is described with the purpose of studying longitudinal and transverse magnetized beam properties. The device is a modification to a typical pepper-pot. Specifically, this 1D pepper-pot was designed for use with a transverse deflecting cavity for longitudinal bunch profile measurements of magnetized beams.


Comparing Proton Momentum Distributions In A = 2 And 3 Nuclei Via 2H 3H And 3He (E,E′P) Measurements, R. Cruz-Torres, F. Hauenstein, A. Schmidt, D. Nguyen, D. Abrams, H. Albataineh, S. Alsalmi, D. Androic, K. Aniol, W. Armstrong, J. Arrington, H. Atac, D. Bulumulla, C. E. Hyde, V. Khachatryan, M. N.H. Rashad, L. B. Weinstein, Z. Y. Ye, J. Zhang, Jefferson Lab Hall A Tritium Collaboration Oct 2019

Comparing Proton Momentum Distributions In A = 2 And 3 Nuclei Via 2H 3H And 3He (E,E′P) Measurements, R. Cruz-Torres, F. Hauenstein, A. Schmidt, D. Nguyen, D. Abrams, H. Albataineh, S. Alsalmi, D. Androic, K. Aniol, W. Armstrong, J. Arrington, H. Atac, D. Bulumulla, C. E. Hyde, V. Khachatryan, M. N.H. Rashad, L. B. Weinstein, Z. Y. Ye, J. Zhang, Jefferson Lab Hall A Tritium Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the (e, e' p) reaction cross-section ratios for Helium-3 (3He), Tritium (3H), and Deuterium (d). The measurement covered a missing momentum range of 40 ≤ pmiss ≤ 550 MeV/c, at large momentum transfer ({Q2} ≈ 1.9 (GeV/c)2) and xB > 1, which minimized contributions from non quasi-elastic (QE) reaction mechanisms. The data is compared with planewave impulse approximation (PWIA) calculations using realistic spectral functions and momentum distributions. The measured and PWIA-calculated cross-section ratios for 3He/d and 3H/d extend to just above the typical nucleon Fermi-momentum ...