Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Electromagnetics and Photonics

Physics and astronomy

Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Spin Dynamics And Quantum Tunneling In Fe8 Nanomagnet And In Afm Rings By Nmr , Seung-Ho Baek Jan 2004

Spin Dynamics And Quantum Tunneling In Fe8 Nanomagnet And In Afm Rings By Nmr , Seung-Ho Baek

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, our main interest has been to investigate the spin dynamics and quantum tunneling in single molecule magnets (SMMs). For this we have selected two different classes of SMMs: a ferromagnetic total high spin S = 10 cluster Fe8 and antiferromagnetic (AFM) ring-type clusters. For Fe8, our efforts have been devoted to the investigation of the quantum tunneling of magnetization in the very low temperature region. The most remarkable experimental finding in Fe8 is that the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate (1/T1) at low temperatures takes place via strong collision mechanism, and thus it allows to measure directly the ...


Spin Dynamics In Molecular Nanomagnets At Intermediate Temperatures: An Nmr And [Mu]Sr Investigation , Daniele Procissi Jan 2003

Spin Dynamics In Molecular Nanomagnets At Intermediate Temperatures: An Nmr And [Mu]Sr Investigation , Daniele Procissi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Solid lattices of weakly coupled magnetic molecules provide an unique opportunity to study magnetism at a nanoscale level. Each non interacting molecule in the lattice represents a single nanomagnet composed of only a few magnetic moments. These magnetic moments are coupled to each other via exchange interaction. The overall magnetic properties of molecules are entirely ascribed to these few magnetic moments. In order to investigate the spin dynamics of these systems as a function of temperature and external magnetic field we performed an extensive experimental investigation using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and muon rotation spectroscopy (muSR) techniques. The aim of ...


Anisotropic Magnetization And Transport Properties Of Ragsb₂ (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm) , Kenneth Duane Myers Jan 1999

Anisotropic Magnetization And Transport Properties Of Ragsb₂ (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm) , Kenneth Duane Myers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Anisotropic measurements of the magnetic and transport properties have been performed on high quality single crystals of the RAgSb2 series of compounds with R = Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm. For all of these compounds except for ErAgSb2 and TmAgSb2, strong magnetic anisotropy created by CEF splitting of the Hund's rule ground state confines the moments to the basal plane. Additional anisotropy within the basal plane is also observed in DyAgSb2, leading to a series of metamagnetic transitions. Detailed analysis of the saturated moment and critical fields allows a determination of the net distribution of magnetic moments within each phase. The ...


Nonlinear Response Of Superconductors To Alternating Fields And Currents , Jason R. Mcdonald Jan 1997

Nonlinear Response Of Superconductors To Alternating Fields And Currents , Jason R. Mcdonald

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Nonlinearities caused by vortex pinning and weak links in superconductors are considered. The effects of vortex pinning will be treated in both the parallel and perpendicular geometries using the critical state model. The results for the parallel geometry will be used to calculate the nonlinear surface impedance of a hard type-II superconductor. The results for the perpendicular geometry will be used to treat harmonic generation (HG) and intermodulation distortion (IM) in superconducting transmission lines and resonators. Nonlinearites due to weak links will be modelled using both the resistively shunted junction model (RSJ) for small junctions, and the damped sine-Gordon equation ...


Two-Dimensional Pancake Vortices In A Finite Stack Of Magnetically Coupled Thin Superconducting Films , Thomas Lim Pe Jan 1997

Two-Dimensional Pancake Vortices In A Finite Stack Of Magnetically Coupled Thin Superconducting Films , Thomas Lim Pe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the structure and behavior of two-dimensional (2D) pancake vortices in a stack of N Josephson-decoupled superconducting thin films under a magnetic field applied prependicular to the layers. This system of magnetically coupled superconducting films is proposed as a model for the multilayered high-Tc superconductors. Starting with the properties of one pancake vortex located in any of the N superconducting layers, an analytical expression is derived for the magnetic coupling force between pairs of 2D pancake vortex lattices residing in different layers, each having the same lattice structure, but displaced (not rotated) relative to each other. Using this ...


Magnetization Studies Of Oxides Related To The High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors , Zhaorong Wang Jan 1994

Magnetization Studies Of Oxides Related To The High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors , Zhaorong Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An Oxford Instruments Faraday magnetometer, capable of operating in the temperature range between 1.5 K and 1000 K, and magnetic field range between 0 T to 8 T, with a sensitivity of 3x10[superscript]-8 cm[superscript]3G, was assembled and calibrated. The pumping station which supported this magnetometer was designed and built. Software for reducing the raw data and generating calibration files was written. The magnetic properties of several oxides related to the high temperature cuprate superconductors BaCuO[subscript]2+x, La[subscript]2CuO[subscript]4, Sr[subscript]2IrO[subscript]4, Sr[subscript]2RhO[subscript]4, Sr[subscript ...


Sub-Micron Scale Conduction Processes On Clean Surfaces , Kevin R. Kimberlin Jan 1994

Sub-Micron Scale Conduction Processes On Clean Surfaces , Kevin R. Kimberlin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Fundamental electrical conductance measurement has been studied in-situ in two dimensions in the Ag/Si(111) system as a function of the incident adatom flux rate with a four probe technique. A conductance study in a three dimensional conical structure was also carried out with field emission techniques. Field emission is now well established and has been used in this case to characterize a novel geometry for use in flat panel displays to replace cathode ray tube monitors. For the two dimensional study on Ag/Si(111), the origin of conduction is still unclear, as both transport by means of ...