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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Microstructure And Magnetic Properties Of As-Quenched And Heat-Treated (Nd,Dy)Feb Powders Produced By High Pressure Gas Atomization, John E. Snyder, Chester C.H. Lo, X. Fang, B. Kriegermeier, David C. Jiles Apr 1999

Microstructure And Magnetic Properties Of As-Quenched And Heat-Treated (Nd,Dy)Feb Powders Produced By High Pressure Gas Atomization, John E. Snyder, Chester C.H. Lo, X. Fang, B. Kriegermeier, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

The magnetic properties and microstructures of a series of as-quenched and heat-treated inert gas atomized (IGA) rare-earth rich (Nd,Dy)–Fe–B particles have been investigated. Heat treatment was found to substantially improve magnetic properties, with effects most pronounced in samples with higher Dy content and higher total rare earth (RE) content. The as-quenched particles consisted of an underquenched dendritic-like structure with the majority phase RE2Fe14B, and a fine network of RE-rich material between the grains. The heat-treated particles showed a change in microstructure which correlated with magnetic property changes. Particles which showed little change in magnetic properties showed no ...


Finite Element Analysis Of The Influence Of A Fatigue Crack On Magnetic Properties Of Steel, Y. Shi, David C. Jiles Jun 1998

Finite Element Analysis Of The Influence Of A Fatigue Crack On Magnetic Properties Of Steel, Y. Shi, David C. Jiles

Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Publications

Fatigue can affect the magnetic properties of materials due to microstructural changes. Previous investigations have shown that several structure sensitive magnetic properties, such as coercivityHc and remanenceBr, changed systematically as a result of fatigue. When approaching failure the accumulated changes in microstructure resulted in the occurrence of fatigue cracks and the magnetic properties showed dramatic changes which mainly resulted from the geometrical changes in samples due to the cracks. It was found that the remanenceBr followed the changes in stress, while the coercivityHc sometimes showed different trends. In this article the influence of the size and the position of a ...


Dependence Of Energy Dissipation On Annealing Temperature Of Melt–Spun Ndfeb Permanent Magnet Materials, Z. Gao, David C. Jiles, Daniel J. Branagan, R. William Mccallum Apr 1996

Dependence Of Energy Dissipation On Annealing Temperature Of Melt–Spun Ndfeb Permanent Magnet Materials, Z. Gao, David C. Jiles, Daniel J. Branagan, R. William Mccallum

Ames Laboratory Publications

A model of magnetic hysteresis which was developed originally for soft magnetic materials has been applied to melt–spun ribbons of Nd2Fe14B‐based material. The crucial ideas in the model description of hysteresis center on a dissipation of energy due to hysteresis which is proportional to the change in magnetization. The Nd2Fe14B material was melt–spun amorphous and then annealed for a period of 24 h at temperatures ranging from 700 to 950 °C. This resulted in different grain sizes, depending on annealing temperature. Consequently the hysteresis curves represent the properties of ...


Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick Apr 1996

Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The current study was undertaken to explore the possibility of detecting hydrogen cavitation in magnetic materials through magnetic propertymeasurements. It is known that dissolved hydrogen in a material causes microvoids. These voids may affect the structure‐sensitive magnetic properties such as coercivity and remanence. In this study, hydrogen was introduced into nickel and iron by two processes, namely thermal charging and cathodic charging. The effect on the magnetic properties was measured. In addition, the variation of the magnetic properties with porosity was studied.


Measurements Of Magnetic Circuit Characteristics For Comprehension Of Intrinsic Magnetic Properties Of Materials From Surface Inspection, Z. J. Chen, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles May 1993

Measurements Of Magnetic Circuit Characteristics For Comprehension Of Intrinsic Magnetic Properties Of Materials From Surface Inspection, Z. J. Chen, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

A transfer function is presented for calculating magnetic field and flux density inside a test material as a result of surface measurement. By considering flux leakage, we introduce a parameter η, called the leakage coefficient, which can be experimentally determined. It is introduced into the equations to make the transfer function more practical. The distribution of field inside a test material is then discussed in accordance with a surfacemagnetic charge model.


Magnescope: Applications In Nondestructive Evaluation, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles, A. R. Eichmann, David A. Kaminski, S. Hardwick May 1993

Magnescope: Applications In Nondestructive Evaluation, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles, A. R. Eichmann, David A. Kaminski, S. Hardwick

Ames Laboratory Publications

This paper describes recent results obtained with the Magnescope, which has been used on location in industrial environments and has successfully detected impending fatigue failure, creep damage, applied stress, and microstructural differences. It is concluded that the device provides a useful nondestructive method for evaluating the mechanical properties of materials through the measurement of their structure sensitive magnetic properties.


Evaluation Of Fatigue Damage In Steel Structural Components By Magnetoelastic Barkhausen Signal Analysis, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, Andrew Strom, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, Z. J. Chen May 1993

Evaluation Of Fatigue Damage In Steel Structural Components By Magnetoelastic Barkhausen Signal Analysis, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, Andrew Strom, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, Z. J. Chen

Ames Laboratory Publications

This paper is concerned with using a magnetic technique for the evaluation of fatigue damage in steel structural components. It is shown that Barkhausen effect measurements can be used to indicate impending failure due to fatigue under certain conditions. The Barkhausen signal amplitude is known to be highly sensitive to changes in density and distribution of dislocations in materials. The sensitivity of Barkhausen signal amplitude to fatigue damage has been studied in the low‐cycle fatigue regime using smooth tensile specimens of a medium strength steel. The Barkhausen measurements were taken at depths of penetration of 0.02, 0.07 ...


Pressure Cell For Magnetostrictive Measurements, Jerome E. Ostenson, Douglas K. Finnemore, David C. Jiles Feb 1989

Pressure Cell For Magnetostrictive Measurements, Jerome E. Ostenson, Douglas K. Finnemore, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

A pressure cell has been designed to study the magnetostrictive properties of a material as a function of both pressure and magnetic field. For changes in length on the order of 2000 ppm, it is necessary to have a substantial compliance in the pressure cell to retain a constant stress over the length of travel.