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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Crossover Photonic Switching Network With Cmos/Seed Smart Pixel Device And 2d Optical Fiber Bundle Array, Fengguang Luo, Mingcui Cao, Qiaoyan Hu, Anjun Wan, Jun Xu, Cong Deng, Deming Liu Nov 1999

Crossover Photonic Switching Network With Cmos/Seed Smart Pixel Device And 2d Optical Fiber Bundle Array, Fengguang Luo, Mingcui Cao, Qiaoyan Hu, Anjun Wan, Jun Xu, Cong Deng, Deming Liu

Electro-Optics and Photonics Faculty Publications

A 16 X 16 Crossover photonic switching network with hybrid integrated CMOS/SEED smart pixel device and 2D optical fiber bundle array I/O access device is reported in this paper. SEEd array devices ar used as light receivers and transmitters, while CMOS devices make efficient logical processing. 4 X 40 2D multilayer optical fiber bundle arrays are fabricated and are used as I/O access devices in the crossover photonic switching network. The center to center spacing between adjacent optical fibers in the same layer of the fiber array is 125micrometers , and the spacing between adjacent layers is 250micrometers ...


Optoelectronic Switching Network With 2d Optical Fiber Bundle Array I/O Access Device, Fengguang Luo, Mingcui Cao, Qiaoyan Hu, Anjun Wan, Jun Xu, Cong Deng, Yuan-Zhong Xu Sep 1999

Optoelectronic Switching Network With 2d Optical Fiber Bundle Array I/O Access Device, Fengguang Luo, Mingcui Cao, Qiaoyan Hu, Anjun Wan, Jun Xu, Cong Deng, Yuan-Zhong Xu

Electro-Optics and Photonics Faculty Publications

An optoelectronic switching network with 2-D optical fiber bundle arrays I/O access device is presented in this paper. An optoelectronic recirculating Banyan network based on CMOS/SEED smart pixel device is used in this configuration. Thirty-two X two single-mode fiber bundle array and 32 X 2 multi- mode fiber bundle array are fabricated respectively based on the features of high density, high precision and array permutation of the CMOS/SEED optoelectronic integrated devices. The measuring results show that the center to center spacing between adjacent optical fibers in the same layer of the fiber array is 125 micrometer, and ...


Examination Of Beam Propagation In Misaligned Holographic Gratings And Comparison With The Acousto-Optic Transfer Function Model For Profiled Beams, Monish Ranjan Chatterjee, David D. Reagan Jul 1999

Examination Of Beam Propagation In Misaligned Holographic Gratings And Comparison With The Acousto-Optic Transfer Function Model For Profiled Beams, Monish Ranjan Chatterjee, David D. Reagan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

A transfer function formalism developed earlier for the propagation of profiled optical beams through acousto-optic Bragg cells is revisited and applied to a thick holographic grating. The results based on the holographic coupled wave model and the acousto-optic multiple scattering model are shown to be compatible, and equivalent parameters such as the Q and grating strength are defined for the two systems. Results for a Gaussian spatial profile are numerically computed and compared. For the holographic grating, a profiled beam may be interpreted as an angular misalignment or Bragg-angle mismatch problem. The case of Bragg-wavelength mismatch is also investigated for ...


Laser Beam Profile Deformation Effect During Bragg Acousto-Optic Interaction: A Non-Paraxial Approximation, Ray S. Huang, Chen-Wen Tarn, Partha P. Banerjee, Doungchin Cao Jul 1999

Laser Beam Profile Deformation Effect During Bragg Acousto-Optic Interaction: A Non-Paraxial Approximation, Ray S. Huang, Chen-Wen Tarn, Partha P. Banerjee, Doungchin Cao

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

It is commonly known that the spatial profiles of the diffracted light beams during Bragg acousto-optic interaction are distorted due to the Bragg angle selection mechanism. All the conventional studies on this effect use the paraxial approximation. But this approximation should be amended when the incident angle of the light is large enough that the diffracted light waves do not propagate closely along the optic axis of the acousto-optic diffraction system. By using a spatial Fourier transform approach, we rigorously study the light beam profile deformation effect of the diffracted light during the Bragg acousto-optic interaction beyond the paraxial approximation ...


Guest Editorial: Special Section On Acousto-Optic Devices And Optical Information Processing: Research And Developments, Partha P. Banerjee, Ting-Chung Poon Jul 1999

Guest Editorial: Special Section On Acousto-Optic Devices And Optical Information Processing: Research And Developments, Partha P. Banerjee, Ting-Chung Poon

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

This guest editorial provides an overview of the topical area and an introduction to the articles featured in the special section.


Microstructure And Magnetic Properties Of As-Quenched And Heat-Treated (Nd,Dy)Feb Powders Produced By High Pressure Gas Atomization, John E. Snyder, Chester C.H. Lo, X. Fang, B. Kriegermeier, David C. Jiles Apr 1999

Microstructure And Magnetic Properties Of As-Quenched And Heat-Treated (Nd,Dy)Feb Powders Produced By High Pressure Gas Atomization, John E. Snyder, Chester C.H. Lo, X. Fang, B. Kriegermeier, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

The magnetic properties and microstructures of a series of as-quenched and heat-treated inert gas atomized (IGA) rare-earth rich (Nd,Dy)–Fe–B particles have been investigated. Heat treatment was found to substantially improve magnetic properties, with effects most pronounced in samples with higher Dy content and higher total rare earth (RE) content. The as-quenched particles consisted of an underquenched dendritic-like structure with the majority phase RE2Fe14B, and a fine network of RE-rich material between the grains. The heat-treated particles showed a change in microstructure which correlated with magnetic property changes. Particles which showed little change in magnetic properties showed no ...


Application Of The Preisach And Jiles–Atherton Models To The Simulation Of Hysteresis In Soft Magnetic Alloys, M. Pasquale, G. Bertotti, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi Apr 1999

Application Of The Preisach And Jiles–Atherton Models To The Simulation Of Hysteresis In Soft Magnetic Alloys, M. Pasquale, G. Bertotti, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi

Ames Laboratory Publications

his article describes the advances in unification of model descriptions of hysteresis in magnetic materials and demonstrates the equivalence of two widely accepted models, the Preisach (PM) and Jiles–Atherton (JA) models. Recently it was shown that starting from general energy relations, the JA equation for a loop branch can be derived from PM. The unified approach is here applied to the interpretation of magnetization measured in nonoriented Si–Fe steels with variable grain size ⟨s⟩, and also in as-cast and annealed Fe amorphous alloys. In the case of NO Fe–Si, the modeling parameter k defined by the volume ...


Monitoring Fatigue Damage In Materials Using Magnetic Measurement Techniques, Chester C.H. Lo, F. Tang, Y. Shi, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner Apr 1999

Monitoring Fatigue Damage In Materials Using Magnetic Measurement Techniques, Chester C.H. Lo, F. Tang, Y. Shi, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner

Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Publications

Measurements of hysteresis and Barkhausen effect (BE) have been made on 0.1 wt % C Fe–C alloys subjected to strain-controlled fatigue at various strain amplitudes. A relationship between the fatigue lifetime and strain amplitude was observed. The hysteresis properties of the samples cycled at different strain amplitudes were found to vary systematically with expended fatigue life. These properties showed significant changes in the initial and final stages of fatigue, while between these stages they remained stabilized. In the stable stage the remanence was found to decrease, whereas the coercivity increased with increasing strain amplitude. Variations in BE signal during ...


Core Loss Reduction In Electrical Steels Through Materials Processing, B. Verbrugge, David C. Jiles Apr 1999

Core Loss Reduction In Electrical Steels Through Materials Processing, B. Verbrugge, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Research has been conducted into the effects of laser scribing on the core losses of soft magnetic materials. Various types of lamination steels for use in electric motors and transformers were studied including iron based alloys containing carbon,silicon,nickel, and cobalt. The results show that the change in core losses for carbon,nickel, and cobalt alloys was small for the scribing conditions examined, but core loss reductions of up to 18% were achieved with iron–silicon alloys.


Effect Of The Elastic Modulus Of The Matrix On Magnetostrictive Strain In Composites, Y. Chen, John E. Snyder, Carl R. Schwichtenberg, Kevin W. Dennis, D. K. Falzgraf, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles Feb 1999

Effect Of The Elastic Modulus Of The Matrix On Magnetostrictive Strain In Composites, Y. Chen, John E. Snyder, Carl R. Schwichtenberg, Kevin W. Dennis, D. K. Falzgraf, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

The effect of the matrix material on the magnetostriction of composites containing highly magnetostrictive particles has been studied. Experimental results showed that the elastic modulus of the matrix is an important factor determining the bulk magnetostriction of the composite. For a series of composites with the same volume fraction of magnetostrictive particles but different matrix materials, the bulk magnetostriction was found to increase systematically with decreasing elastic modulus of the matrix. A modeltheory for the magnetostriction of such composites has been developed, based on two limiting assumptions: uniform strain or uniform stress inside the composite. The theory was then used ...


Thermoelastic And Photoelastic Full-Field Stress Measurement, Deonna Faye Woolard Jan 1999

Thermoelastic And Photoelastic Full-Field Stress Measurement, Deonna Faye Woolard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Photoelasticity is an optical technique that measures the difference of the principal stresses plus the principal stress direction. A complementary technique is thermoelasticity which measures the sum of the principal stresses. Combining these two full-field, non-contact nondestructive evaluation techniques allows the individual stress components to be measured. One of the main difficulties in merging these two measurement systems is in identifying an appropriate surface coating. Thermoelasticity demands a highly emissive surface, while photoelasticity requires a thick, stress-birefringent, transparent coating with a retro-reflective backing. Two coatings have been identified that can be used for combined thermoelastic and photoelastic stress measurements: PMMA ...


Anisotropic Magnetization And Transport Properties Of Ragsb₂ (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm) , Kenneth Duane Myers Jan 1999

Anisotropic Magnetization And Transport Properties Of Ragsb₂ (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm) , Kenneth Duane Myers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Anisotropic measurements of the magnetic and transport properties have been performed on high quality single crystals of the RAgSb2 series of compounds with R = Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm. For all of these compounds except for ErAgSb2 and TmAgSb2, strong magnetic anisotropy created by CEF splitting of the Hund's rule ground state confines the moments to the basal plane. Additional anisotropy within the basal plane is also observed in DyAgSb2, leading to a series of metamagnetic transitions. Detailed analysis of the saturated moment and critical fields allows a determination of the net distribution of magnetic moments within each phase. The ...


Design, Fabrication And Analysis Of A Terfenol-D Based Magnetostrictive External Cavity Diode Laser Sensor With An Advanced Signal Processing Capability , Wing Chiu Chung Jan 1999

Design, Fabrication And Analysis Of A Terfenol-D Based Magnetostrictive External Cavity Diode Laser Sensor With An Advanced Signal Processing Capability , Wing Chiu Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Miniature magnetometer is desired in many applications, such as undersea surveillance, buried landmine detection, vehicle tracking and guidance and personal dosimetry. This dissertation reports the fabrication, and characterization of a miniature magnetometer, which utilizes the highly magnetostrictive material, Terfenol-D and an ultra-short external cavity diode laser sensor. A thin slice of the magneto strictive material, biased by an open magnetic circuit, is configured as an external reflector modulating the effective modal reflectivity of the diode laser cavity in response to an ac magnetic field. The detection limit of the sensor are being investigated and the principle of the device is ...


Nonlinear And Hysteretic Magnetomechanical Model For Magnetostrictive Transducers , Marcelo Jorge Dapino Jan 1999

Nonlinear And Hysteretic Magnetomechanical Model For Magnetostrictive Transducers , Marcelo Jorge Dapino

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The growing interest on magnetostrictive materials for generation of strains and forces in smart structure systems motivates the development of increasingly accurate models of the performance of these materials as used in transducers. The proposed magnetomechanical model provides a characterization of the material magnetization as well as the strain and force output by a transducer in response to quasistatic applied magnetic fields. The model is built in three steps. In the first, the mean field model for ferromagnetic hysteresis originally developed by Jiles and Atherton is used to compute the magnetization arising from the application of magnetic fields. While this ...


Development Of Highly Magnetostrictive Composites For Applications In Magnetomechanical Torque Sensors , Yonghua Chen Jan 1999

Development Of Highly Magnetostrictive Composites For Applications In Magnetomechanical Torque Sensors , Yonghua Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this work was to investigate and develop a new type of magnetomechanical material with high magnetomechanical response and low hysteresis. This material will be used in electronic torque sensors. A major appreciation could be for advanced steering systems in automobiles which will replace the fuel inefficient hydraulic steering systems currently in use;The effect of the matrix material on the magnetostriction of composites containing highly magnetostrictive particles was studied. Both experimental and modeled results showed that the elastic modulus of the matrix is an important factor determining the magnetostriction of the composite. For a series of composites ...


Surface Resistance Measurements Of Superconducting Niobium Samples With A Triaxial Cavity, Paul Martin Boccard Jan 1999

Surface Resistance Measurements Of Superconducting Niobium Samples With A Triaxial Cavity, Paul Martin Boccard

Physics Theses & Dissertations

This experimental study has revealed and investigated many of the physical issues that affect accurate measurement of the surface resistance for small samples consisting of superconducting niobium films on copper substrates. It is believed that this work provides the groundwork for future research directed towards solving this important problem. Accurate measurement of surface resistance for such samples is needed to allow the rapid evaluation and optimization of the deposition parameters necessary for manufacturing low-loss superconducting niobium films.

A superconducting niobium triaxial cavity was investigated to determine its suitability for measuring the residual surface resistance of copper samples that were sputter-coated ...