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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Modeling Of Permanent Magnets: Interpretation Of Parameters Obtained From The Jiles–Atherton Hysteresis Model, L. H. Lewis, J. Gao, David C. Jiles, D. O. Welch Apr 1996

Modeling Of Permanent Magnets: Interpretation Of Parameters Obtained From The Jiles–Atherton Hysteresis Model, L. H. Lewis, J. Gao, David C. Jiles, D. O. Welch

Ames Laboratory Publications

The Jiles–Atherton theory is based on considerations of the dependence of energy dissipation within a magnetic material resulting from changes in its magnetization. The algorithm based on the theory yields five computed model parameters, M S , a, α, k, and c, which represent the saturation magnetization, the effective domain density, the mean exchange coupling between the effective domains, the flexibility of domain walls and energy‐dissipative features in the microstructure, respectively. Model parameters were calculated from the algorithm and linked with the physical attributes of a set of three related melt‐quenched permanent magnets based on the Nd2 ...


Dependence Of Energy Dissipation On Annealing Temperature Of Melt–Spun Ndfeb Permanent Magnet Materials, Z. Gao, David C. Jiles, Daniel J. Branagan, R. William Mccallum Apr 1996

Dependence Of Energy Dissipation On Annealing Temperature Of Melt–Spun Ndfeb Permanent Magnet Materials, Z. Gao, David C. Jiles, Daniel J. Branagan, R. William Mccallum

Ames Laboratory Publications

A model of magnetic hysteresis which was developed originally for soft magnetic materials has been applied to melt–spun ribbons of Nd2Fe14B‐based material. The crucial ideas in the model description of hysteresis center on a dissipation of energy due to hysteresis which is proportional to the change in magnetization. The Nd2Fe14B material was melt–spun amorphous and then annealed for a period of 24 h at temperatures ranging from 700 to 950 °C. This resulted in different grain sizes, depending on annealing temperature. Consequently the hysteresis curves represent the properties of ...


Effects Of Surface Condition On Barkhausen Emissions From Steel, Anthony P. Parakka, David C. Jiles, H. Gupta, S. Jalics Apr 1996

Effects Of Surface Condition On Barkhausen Emissions From Steel, Anthony P. Parakka, David C. Jiles, H. Gupta, S. Jalics

Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Publications

Temperature changes during mechanical processing such as grinding of steel parts can cause phase changes in the microstructure. Thermal shock during the process can give rise to localized surface residual stress. The net result can be reduced wear resistance and fatigue life leading to early failure during service. Effective methods for the detection of such damage are necessary. Barkhausen emissions, which arise from discontinuous motion of domain walls, are sensitive to microstructual changes that affect domain dynamics. Detected Barkhausen signals are predominantly from a surface layer about 200 μm thick, those from deeper being attenuated due to eddy currents. An ...


The Magnetomechanical Effect In Electrolytic Iron, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles Apr 1996

The Magnetomechanical Effect In Electrolytic Iron, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

The effect of stress on the magnetization of high purity iron has been studied systematically at different locations on the M,H plane corresponding to a variety of magnetic states of the material. The results confirm earlier studies that show the sign of the derivative dM/dσ changes at different locations on the M,H plane, and can even change as a result of a monotonic increase of stress either in compression or tension. The observed behavior can be explained on the basis of a recent theory which predicts that the irreversible changes in magnetization resulting from changes in ...


Enhancement Of Piezomagnetic Response Of Highly Magnetostrictive Rare Earth‐Iron Alloys At Khz Frequencies, Patricia P. Pulvirenti, David C. Jiles, R. D. Greenough, I. M. Reed Apr 1996

Enhancement Of Piezomagnetic Response Of Highly Magnetostrictive Rare Earth‐Iron Alloys At Khz Frequencies, Patricia P. Pulvirenti, David C. Jiles, R. D. Greenough, I. M. Reed

Ames Laboratory Publications

The effects of Al and Si additions on the frequency response of highly magnetostrictive Tb–Dy–Fe alloys have been studied. These elements reduced the electrical conductivity of the material, thereby increasing the depth of penetration of acmagnetic fields and extending the operational frequency range. Complex permeability measurements were made on doped and undoped polycrystalline samples with the objective of studying the improvement in energy conversion efficiency at kilohertz frequencies as a result of the alloying additions. The resulting complex permeability was compared with the values for single crystal specimens of Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.92 ...


Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick Apr 1996

Hydrogen Charging In Nickel And Iron And Its Effect On Their Magnetic Properties, A. Ramesh, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, J. M. Roderick

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The current study was undertaken to explore the possibility of detecting hydrogen cavitation in magnetic materials through magnetic propertymeasurements. It is known that dissolved hydrogen in a material causes microvoids. These voids may affect the structure‐sensitive magnetic properties such as coercivity and remanence. In this study, hydrogen was introduced into nickel and iron by two processes, namely thermal charging and cathodic charging. The effect on the magnetic properties was measured. In addition, the variation of the magnetic properties with porosity was studied.


Translation Of 'Profiles In Faith', Monish Ranjan Chatterjee Jan 1996

Translation Of 'Profiles In Faith', Monish Ranjan Chatterjee

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Sarat Chandra Chatterjee (1876-1938) may be considered one of the three most significant figures of the literary component of the Bengal Renaissance, the other two being Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (1838-1894) and Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941). As much as Bankim Chandra is identified with the new age in the Bengali novel, and the development of serious vernacular journalism, and Rabindranath with modern/classical movements in Bengali poetry and music, along with novel ideas in methods of education and teaching, Sarat Chandra, as a novelist and storyteller, perfected the art of narration and critical analyses of a variety of contemporaneous social and political ...


Surface Debye Temperature Measurement With Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction, H. E. Elsayed-Ali Jan 1996

Surface Debye Temperature Measurement With Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction, H. E. Elsayed-Ali

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Measurement of the surface mean-square atomic vibrational amplitude, or equivalently the surface Debye temperature, with reflection high-energy electron diffraction is discussed. Low-index surfaces of lead are used as examples. Particular details are given about the temperature-dependent diffraction pattern of Pb(100) in the Debye-Waller region. The use of reflection high-energy electron diffraction for measurement of the substrate surface temperature in thin-film deposition chambers is suggested. © 1996 American Institute of Physics.


The Projector Basis Method For Electronic Band Structure Calculations, Christopher Haas Jan 1996

The Projector Basis Method For Electronic Band Structure Calculations, Christopher Haas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Over the last several decades, two methods have emerged as the standard tools for the calculation of electronic band structures. These methods, the Car-Parinello plane wave method and the linear augmented plane wave method (LAPW), each have strengths and weaknesses in different regimes of physical problems. The Car-Parinello algorithm is ideal for calculations with soft pseudopotentials and large numbers of atoms. The LAPW method, on the other hand, easily handles all-electron and hard-core pseudopotential calculations with a small number of atoms. The projector basis method, presented here, is a hybrid mixed basis method which allows the calculation of moderately large ...