Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Computer Sciences

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 395

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Quantum Criticality In Strongly Correlated Electron Systems, Samuel Obadiah Kellar Jul 2020

Quantum Criticality In Strongly Correlated Electron Systems, Samuel Obadiah Kellar

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The study of the Hubbard model in three dimensions contains a variety of phases dependent upon the chosen parameters. This thesis shows that there is the indication of a zero temperature phase transition at a finite doping. The Hubbard model has been used to identify a similar quantum critical point in two dimensions. The presented results continue these investigations. The system demonstrates a strange metal phase at finite temperature which cannot be described in term of the conventional Fermi liquid. While there have been extensive studies over the past three decades for such materials in two dimensions, there are few ...


Synthesis, Characterisation And Biological Evaluation Of Tyramine Derived Schiff Base Ligand And Its Transition Metal(Ii) Complexes, Abdul Khader Jailani, N.S.K. Gowthaman, Mookkandi Palsamy Kesavan Jun 2020

Synthesis, Characterisation And Biological Evaluation Of Tyramine Derived Schiff Base Ligand And Its Transition Metal(Ii) Complexes, Abdul Khader Jailani, N.S.K. Gowthaman, Mookkandi Palsamy Kesavan

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In this study, a new tyramine derived Schiff base ligand (L) (L=1,3-phenylene-bis-4-aminoantipyrinyl-4-aminoethylphenol) and its derived transition metal(II) complexes [Cu(L)Cl2](1), [Ni(L)Cl2](2), [Co(L)Cl2] (3) and [Zn(L)Cl2] (4) have been synthesized and well characterized by the way of different spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Analytical and spectroscopic studies result suggests that metal(II) complexes more probably have octahedral geometry. DNA binding tendency of L and metal(II) complexes 1-4 have been assessed by probing their ability to bind with Calf Thymus DNA (CT-DNA) via electronic absorption and ...


Evaluation Of Structure And Properties Of Various Sol–Gel Nanocoatings On Biomedical Titanium Surface, Mohsin Talib Mohammed, Sarah Mohammed Hussein Jun 2020

Evaluation Of Structure And Properties Of Various Sol–Gel Nanocoatings On Biomedical Titanium Surface, Mohsin Talib Mohammed, Sarah Mohammed Hussein

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

This study deals with the preparation and characterization of different bioceramic nanofilms formed on the surface of new metastable β-titanium (Ti) alloy. The films of pure TiO2, pure HA, TiO2/HA bilayer and HA/TiO2 composite were coated successfully on Ti surface by sol-gel using spray pyrolysis deposition technique. The surface characteristics of coated substrates, such as thickness, topography, morphology, phase transformations and wear behavior, were evaluated and compared to uncoated substrate. The results showed that the sol-gel is a promising technique to create biocoatings on Ti surface with outstanding structure and properties for biomedical applications.


On The Dynamic Behaviour Of Automobile Pulleys Under Cyclic Loading, Haval Kamal Asker, Thaker Saleh Dawood Jun 2020

On The Dynamic Behaviour Of Automobile Pulleys Under Cyclic Loading, Haval Kamal Asker, Thaker Saleh Dawood

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

This paper investigates the dynamic characteristics of pulley systems with different numbers of bolt holes. Models with four, six and eight bolt holes were chosen for the pulley. Three sets of cyclic pressure were applied to the pulley system to resemble the different running revolutions of an engine. The study investigates the effect of the number of holes on the system’s stiffness and natural frequency. Finite element models were used to simulate the obtained deformations, stresses and frequency response function (FRF) for pulley models comprising four, six and eight bolt holes under different cyclic pressures. The results show that ...


Optically Thick Radiating Free Convective Mhd Nanofluid Flow Over An Exponentially Accelerated Plate, D.P. Bhatta, S.R. Mishra, J.K. Dash Jun 2020

Optically Thick Radiating Free Convective Mhd Nanofluid Flow Over An Exponentially Accelerated Plate, D.P. Bhatta, S.R. Mishra, J.K. Dash

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The present analysis investigates an unsteady conducting water-based nanofluid embedding with porous medium over an exponentially accelerated vertical plate. The plate is accelerated with moving ramped temperature. However, water is treated as the base fluid with Copper (Cu) and Titanium Oxide (TiO2) as nanoparticles. Effects of thermal radiation, heat source, and radiation absorption are taken care of in the energy equation which may enhance the heat transfer properties of nanofluid. The crux of the investigation is to find the closed-form solution of nonlinear coupled partial differential equations. Laplace Transform technique is employed to solve these equations. The influence of ...


A Support Vector Machine-Based Prediction Model For Electrochemical Machining Process, Subham Agarwal Mr., Shruti Sudhakar Dandge Ms., Shankar Chakraborty Prof. Jun 2020

A Support Vector Machine-Based Prediction Model For Electrochemical Machining Process, Subham Agarwal Mr., Shruti Sudhakar Dandge Ms., Shankar Chakraborty Prof.

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Manufacturing of quality products is one of the core measures to address competitiveness in industries. Hence, it is always necessary to accomplish quality prediction at early stages of a manufacturing process to attain high quality products at the minimum possible cost. To achieve this goal, the past researchers have developed and investigated the applications of different intelligent techniques for their effective deployment at various stages of manufacturing processes. In this paper, support vector machine (SVM), a supervised learning system based on a novel artificial intelligence paradigm, is employed for prediction of three responses, like material removal rate, surface roughness and ...


Influence Of Carbon Fibres On Strain Sensing And Structural Properties Of Rc Beams Without Stirrups, Arvind Kumar Cholker, Manzoor Ahmad Tantray Jun 2020

Influence Of Carbon Fibres On Strain Sensing And Structural Properties Of Rc Beams Without Stirrups, Arvind Kumar Cholker, Manzoor Ahmad Tantray

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In present study, effect of micro carbon fibres on strain sensing property and structural behavior of the reinforced concrete (RC) beams in absence of stirrups was experimentally investigated. A total of three RC beams of dimensions, 125 mm width, 350 mm height and 1500 mm long were manufactured without stirrups. All the three beams had different longitudinal reinforcement ratios (0.9%, 1.43% and 1.03 %) and uniform strength of concrete of 36.5 MPa. All the beams had carbon fibre based concrete (CFBC) at top and bottom surface in mid span for a length of 350mm and depth of ...


Approximating Fixed Points In Modular Spaces, Salwa Salman Abed, Meena Fouad Abduljabbar Jun 2020

Approximating Fixed Points In Modular Spaces, Salwa Salman Abed, Meena Fouad Abduljabbar

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

A generic two theorems for the two step iterative sequence of multivalued mappings are proved in a complete convex real modular space, and then cite some corollaries that are special cases of these theorems.


Editorial Board Jun 2020

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Quantum Random Walk Search And Grover's Algorithm - An Introduction And Neutral-Atom Approach, Anna Maria Houk Jun 2020

Quantum Random Walk Search And Grover's Algorithm - An Introduction And Neutral-Atom Approach, Anna Maria Houk

Physics

In the sub-field of quantum algorithms, physicists and computer scientist take classical computing algorithms and principles and see if there is a more efficient or faster approach implementable on a quantum computer, i.e. a ”quantum advantage”. We take random walks, a widely applicable group of classical algorithms, and move them into the quantum computing paradigm. Additionally, an introduction to a popular quantum search algorithm called Grover’s search is included to guide the reader to the development of a quantum search algorithm using quantum random walks. To close the gap between algorithm and hardware, we will look at using ...


Analyzing Flash X-Ray Machine Diagnostics, Sebastian Bustillo, Asaph Camillo, Jake Morris May 2020

Analyzing Flash X-Ray Machine Diagnostics, Sebastian Bustillo, Asaph Camillo, Jake Morris

Scholars Day Conference

The Cygnus Dual Beam Radiographic Facility consists of two flash x-ray machines, Cygnus 1 and 2. The seamless performance of these machines is critical to the maintenance of the United States stockpile of nuclear weapons. Since these SubCritical experiments cost about $104 million when something malfunctions millions of dollars are lost. As a result, it is imperative to assess the performance of the machine from diagnostics collected by the different sensors. Its performance is measured by the level of radiation dose a shot obtains. Utilizing exploratory data analysis, interesting trends were found and a 74.1% level of correctness was ...


Gait Characterization Using Computer Vision Video Analysis, Martha T. Gizaw May 2020

Gait Characterization Using Computer Vision Video Analysis, Martha T. Gizaw

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The World Health Organization reports that falls are the second-leading cause of accidental death among senior adults around the world. Currently, a research team at William & Mary’s Department of Kinesiology & Health Sciences attempts to recognize and correct aging-related factors that can result in falling. To meet this goal, the members of that team videotape walking tests to examine individual gait parameters of older subjects. However, they undergo a slow, laborious process of analyzing video frame by video frame to obtain such parameters. This project uses computer vision software to reconstruct walking models from residents of an independent living retirement ...


Mapping And Simulating Standing Wave Patterns In A Microwave Oven, Sana Ahmed Apr 2020

Mapping And Simulating Standing Wave Patterns In A Microwave Oven, Sana Ahmed

Senior Scholars Day

The goal of our project was to map the standing wave patterns in a microwave oven cavity using experimentation. The next task was then to view the standing wave patterns utilizing computer simulations. In a related project done by one of the group members, a microwave oven was used to find the speed of light. He placed chocolate into the microwave cavity, let the chocolate melt at the antinodes of the standing waves. He then measured the distance between the melted spots, multiplied the distance by the frequency of the microwave and found the speed of light. However, while finding ...


Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson Apr 2020

Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson

Incite: The Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Introduction, Dr. Roger A. Byrne, Dean

From the Editor, Dr. Larissa "Kat" Tracy

From the Designers, Rachel English, Rachel Hanson

Immortality in the Mortal World: Otherworldly Intervention in "Lanval" and "The Wife of Bath's Tale" by Haleigh James

Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Moroccan Olive Oils by HPLC by Hannah Meyls

Art by Hope Irvin

The Effects of Cell Phone Use on Gameplay Enjoyment and Frustration by Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, and Austin J. Funk

Care, No Matter What: Planned Parenthood's Use of Organizational Rhetoric to Expand its Reputation by Karyn Keane

Analysis of Petroleum Products ...


Quantum Computing And Quantum Algorithms, Daniel Serban Apr 2020

Quantum Computing And Quantum Algorithms, Daniel Serban

Senior Honors Theses

The field of quantum computing and quantum algorithms is studied from the ground up. Qubits and their quantum-mechanical properties are discussed, followed by how they are transformed by quantum gates. From there, quantum algorithms are explored as well as the use of high-level quantum programming languages to implement them. One quantum algorithm is selected to be implemented in the Qiskit quantum programming language. The validity and success of the resulting computation is proven with matrix multiplication of the qubits and quantum gates involved.


Development Of Convolutional Neural Nets For Κ/Π Differentiation At The Gluex Experiment, Matthew Mceneaney Apr 2020

Development Of Convolutional Neural Nets For Κ/Π Differentiation At The Gluex Experiment, Matthew Mceneaney

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) calculations predict a whole spectrum of exotic hybrid mesons thought to arise from gluonic excitation between a quark and antiquark. A systematic survey of strange and non-strange decay modes would be necessary to confirm this, and in particular studying decays to kaonic final states could confirm initial lattice QCD predictions. The GlueX experiment at Jefferson Lab studies the non-perturbative regime of the strong interaction and searches for hybrid mesons through light-quark meson spectroscopy; thus, kaon identification is critical for the GlueX experiment. Currently, the GlueX DIRC (Detection of Internally Reflected Cherenkov light) detectors provide clear kaon ...


Study Of Deformation Parameters (Β2, Δ) For 18,20,22,24,26,28ne Isotopes In Sdpf Shell, Ahmed H. Ali, Maha Taha Idrees Mar 2020

Study Of Deformation Parameters (Β2, Δ) For 18,20,22,24,26,28ne Isotopes In Sdpf Shell, Ahmed H. Ali, Maha Taha Idrees

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The quadrupole deformation is basic to study the shape transitions; it is possible to predict many important properties of even-even nuclei as a function of the deformation parameter. The deformations of nuclei are important for understanding their shapes prolate or oblate. The quadrupole deformation parameters were calculated by the transition probability B (E2) for 18, 20, 22, 24, 26,28Ne isotopes, were adopted different interactions three. The calculations are performed with the Bohr-Mottelson (B-M) effective charges, which represent the effect of the core-polarizations. Also, the deformation parameters were calculated for different nuclei and adopted two methods of calculation: from ...


Investigation Of Glucose Oxidation At Gold Nanoparticles Deposited At Carbon Nanotubes Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode By Theoretical And Experimental Methods., Farhat Saira, Humaira Razzaq, Misbah Mumtaz, Safeer Ahmad, Muhammad Aftab Rafiq, Azra Yaqub, Nabiha Dilshad, Ayesha Ihsan, Muhammad Masood Ul Hasan Mar 2020

Investigation Of Glucose Oxidation At Gold Nanoparticles Deposited At Carbon Nanotubes Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode By Theoretical And Experimental Methods., Farhat Saira, Humaira Razzaq, Misbah Mumtaz, Safeer Ahmad, Muhammad Aftab Rafiq, Azra Yaqub, Nabiha Dilshad, Ayesha Ihsan, Muhammad Masood Ul Hasan

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In the current research work, AuNPs-CNTs nanocomposite was synthesized chemically and decoration of AuNPs on the surface of MWCNTs was confirmed by UV-Vis, SEM and XPS analysis. Synthesized nanocomposite was utilized for its application towards non-enzymatic glucose sensing by modifying glassy carbon electrode with nanocomposite employing electrochemical techniques. In addition, theoretical calculations were performed by Density Functional Theory (DFT), employing B3YLP with basis set 6- 311+G(d,p) in gaseous phase and LANL2DZ basis set. Both theoretical and experimental results predicted Au-CNTs composite as a better candidate for glucose oxidation as compared to CNTs and AuNPs alone, owing to ...


Using Freak Descriptor To Classify Plasma Influence In Mice Sperm, Ekhlas Falih, Alaa Noori Mazhar Mar 2020

Using Freak Descriptor To Classify Plasma Influence In Mice Sperm, Ekhlas Falih, Alaa Noori Mazhar

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Numerous classification mechanisms anticipate the class's instances to be carried out as the features' vectors, namely the points in a feature's space. It is oftentimes a chance to make an informative exemplification of an image's feature vector for classification problems in computer vision like utilizing global descriptors for the texture description or shape description. The proposed methodology is to classify the sperm image in mice that has been affected through plasma and this methodology consists of three stages. The points of interest could be elicited from sperm plasma images in the first stage by utilizing Adaptive and ...


Editorial Board Mar 2020

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Defect-Free Plastic Deformation Through Dimensionality Reduction And Self-Annihilation Of Topological Defects In Crystalline Solids, Yipeng Gao, Yongfeng Zhang, Larry K. Aagesen, Jianguo Yu, Min Long, Yunzhi Wang Feb 2020

Defect-Free Plastic Deformation Through Dimensionality Reduction And Self-Annihilation Of Topological Defects In Crystalline Solids, Yipeng Gao, Yongfeng Zhang, Larry K. Aagesen, Jianguo Yu, Min Long, Yunzhi Wang

Computer Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

As a signature of symmetry-breaking processes, the generation and annihilation of topological defects (domain walls, strings, etc.) are of great interest in condensed matter physics and cosmology. Here we propose a distinctive self-organization process through phase transitions, in which all the generated topological defects are dimensionality reduced and self-annihilated. In crystalline solids, such a unique mechanism allows a perfect single crystal after plastic deformation, which originates from the coupling of different types of broken symmetries.


Dynamics And Stability Of The Two Body Problem With Yukawa Correction, Eli Cavan, Ioannis Haranas, Ioannis Gkigkitzis Jan 2020

Dynamics And Stability Of The Two Body Problem With Yukawa Correction, Eli Cavan, Ioannis Haranas, Ioannis Gkigkitzis

Physics and Computer Science Faculty Publications

We explore the dynamics and stability of the two body problem by modifying the Newtonian potential with the Yukawa potential. This model may be considered a theory of modified gravity; where the interaction is not simply the kepler solution for large distance. The stability is investigated by deriving the Jacobian of the linearized matrix equation and evaluating the eigenvalues of the various equilibrium points calculated during the analysis. The subcases of a purely Yukawa and purely Newtonian potential are also explored.


Need For Simplicity And Everything Is A Matter Of Degree: How Zadeh's Philosophy Is Related To Kolmogorov Complexity, Quantum Physics, And Deep Learning, Vladik Kreinovich, Olga Kosheleva, Andres Ortiz-Muñoz Jan 2020

Need For Simplicity And Everything Is A Matter Of Degree: How Zadeh's Philosophy Is Related To Kolmogorov Complexity, Quantum Physics, And Deep Learning, Vladik Kreinovich, Olga Kosheleva, Andres Ortiz-Muñoz

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Many people remember Lofti Zadeh's mantra -- that everything is a matter of degree. This was one of the main principles behind fuzzy logic. What is somewhat less remembered is that Zadeh also used another important principle -- that there is a need for simplicity. In this paper, we show that together, these two principles can generate the main ideas behind such various subjects as Kolmogorov complexity, quantum physics, and deep learning. We also show that these principles can help provide a better understanding of an important notion of space-time causality.


Developing A Uas-Deployable Methane Sensor Using Low-Cost Modular Open-Source Components, Gavin Demali Jan 2020

Developing A Uas-Deployable Methane Sensor Using Low-Cost Modular Open-Source Components, Gavin Demali

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project aimed to develop a methane sensor for deployment on an unmanned aerial system (UAS), or drone, platform. This design is centered around low cost, commercially available modular hardware components and open source software libraries. Once successfully developed, this system was deployed at the Bath Nature Preserve in Bath Township, Summit County Ohio in order to detect any potential on site fugitive methane emissions in the vicinity of the oil and gas infrastructure present. The deliverables of this project (i.e. the data collected at BNP) will be given to the land managers there to better inform future management ...


Agenda, Shubha Tewari Jan 2020

Agenda, Shubha Tewari

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

Abstracts for six Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars.


Arduino Microcontrollers In The Classroom: Teaching How To Phrase Effective Science Questions And How To Answer Them With Original Data, Tony Dinsmore Jan 2020

Arduino Microcontrollers In The Classroom: Teaching How To Phrase Effective Science Questions And How To Answer Them With Original Data, Tony Dinsmore

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

Arduino microcontrollers in the classroom: teaching how to phrase effective science questions and how to answer them with original data. Prof. Tony Dinsmore, UMass Physics This workshop will develop course modules that address a challenge in the science curriculum: how do we teach basic problem-solving and curiosity-based research skills in a classroom setting? The standard science curriculum teaches concepts and theory quite well but leaves rather little opportunity for students to take the lead in designing and implementing their own investigations. The workshop will use the Arduino, an inexpensive microcontroller that is simple to set up. A huge range of ...


A Framework Of Multi-Dimensional And Multi-Scale Modeling With Applications, Zilong Li Jan 2020

A Framework Of Multi-Dimensional And Multi-Scale Modeling With Applications, Zilong Li

Doctoral Dissertations

In this dissertation, a framework for multi-dimensional and multi-scale modeling is proposed. The essential idea is based on oriented space curves, which can be represented as a 3D slender object or 1D step parameters. SMILES and Masks provide functionalities that extend slender objects into branched and other objects. We treat the conversion between 1D, 2D, 3D, and 4D representations as data unification. A mathematical analysis of different methods applied to helices (a special type of space curves) is also provided. Computational implementation utilizes Model-ViewController design principles to integrate data unification with graphical visualizations to create a dashboard. Applications of multi-dimensional ...


Complex Ciliary Flows Around Stentor Polymorphus In Solutions Of 2% Buttermilk And Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii, Eliana B. Smithstein Jan 2020

Complex Ciliary Flows Around Stentor Polymorphus In Solutions Of 2% Buttermilk And Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii, Eliana B. Smithstein

Scripps Senior Theses

Stentor are large, unicellular ciliates of the Heterotricha order. They live in both freshwater and marine habitats and are mostly found in ponds. I studied Stentor polymorphus, which is a species of Stentor only recently discovered to be lab culturable. They range from 0.5-1.5mm in length and are unusual because they live with endosymbiotic algae and are much more likely than other, more widely studied, species of Stentor to form aggregates while they are eating. There are three main components to this thesis: First, I established protocols for keeping a viable S. polymorphus culture, since no protocols had ...


Special Section Guest Editorial: Machine Learning In Optics, Jonathan Howe, Travis Axtell, Khan Iftekharuddin Jan 2020

Special Section Guest Editorial: Machine Learning In Optics, Jonathan Howe, Travis Axtell, Khan Iftekharuddin

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

This guest editorial summarizes the Special Section on Machine Learning in Optics.


Qbmmlib: A Library Of Quadrature-Based Moment Methods, Spencer H. Bryngelsona, Tim Colonius, Rodney O. Fox Jan 2020

Qbmmlib: A Library Of Quadrature-Based Moment Methods, Spencer H. Bryngelsona, Tim Colonius, Rodney O. Fox

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

QBMMlib is an open source Mathematica package of quadrature-based moment methods and their algorithms. Such methods are commonly used to solve fully-coupled disperse flow and combustion problems, though formulating and closing the corresponding governing equations can be complex. QBMMlib aims to make analyzing these techniques simple and more accessible. Its routines use symbolic manipulation to formulate the moment transport equations for a population balance equation and a prescribed dynamical system. However, the resulting moment transport equations are unclosed. QBMMlib trades the moments for a set of quadrature points and weights via an inversion algorithm, of which several are available. Quadratures ...