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Biological and Chemical Physics

Marquette University

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Nadph-Cytochrome P450 Oxidoreductase: Extraction Of The Full-Length Protein And Methyl-Trosy Nmr Of The Soluble Mutants, Sara Ali Jamal Arafeh Apr 2018

Nadph-Cytochrome P450 Oxidoreductase: Extraction Of The Full-Length Protein And Methyl-Trosy Nmr Of The Soluble Mutants, Sara Ali Jamal Arafeh

Master's Theses (2009 -)

NADPH-cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase (CYPOR) is a membrane-bound protein in living cells. CYPOR delivers electrons to cytochrome p450 proteins (CYPs) to catalyze metabolism of drugs and synthesis of steroids. Extraction and solubilization of CYPOR from the membrane is typically done with the TritonX-100 detergent. The amount of the solubilized protein by this detergent, however, remains relatively low to structurally analyze CYPOR with NMR spectroscopy. The goal of the first project in this thesis was to optimize the amount of the extracted CYPOR from the E. coli membrane using various detergents and additives. To this aim, non-ionic detergents with variable hydrophobicity (TritonX-100 ...


Functional And Structural Studies Of Cytochromes P450 By Resonance Raman Spectroscopy, Yilin Liu Jul 2017

Functional And Structural Studies Of Cytochromes P450 By Resonance Raman Spectroscopy, Yilin Liu

Dissertations (2009 -)

Cytochrome P450 is a broad class of heme monooxygenase enzymes which catalyze various oxidative transformations. There are two main kinds of mammalian P450s: steroidogenic and drug metabolizing P450s. The first project involves a steroidogenic P450, CYP17A1, occupying a central role in the biosynthesis of steroid hormones. It catalyzes hydroxylation reaction on pregnenolone and progesterone, generating 17OH-pregnenolone and 17OH-progesterone, presumably utilizing a “Compound I” species. However, these hydroxylated products can be further processed in a second oxidative cycle to cleave the C17–C20 bond to form dehydroepiandrosterone or androstenedione, respectively, a crucial step in androgen production. Interestingly, it is well known ...


Spectroscopically Distinct Cobalt(Ii) Sites In Heterodimetallic Forms Of The Aminopeptidase From Aeromonas Proteolytica:  Characterization Of Substrate Binding, Brian Bennett, Richard C. Holz Aug 1997

Spectroscopically Distinct Cobalt(Ii) Sites In Heterodimetallic Forms Of The Aminopeptidase From Aeromonas Proteolytica:  Characterization Of Substrate Binding, Brian Bennett, Richard C. Holz

Physics Faculty Research and Publications

The Co(II)Zn(II)- and Zn(II)Co(II)-substituted derivatives of the aminopeptidase from Aeromonas proteolytica (AAP) were probed by EPR spectroscopy. EPR spectra of the high-spin S = 3/2 Co(II) ions in [CoZn(AAP)] and [ZnCo(AAP)] indicated that each metal binding site provides a spectroscopically distinct signature. For [CoZn(AAP)], subtraction of EPR spectra recorded at pH 7.5 and 10 revealed that two species were present and that the relative contributions to each of the experimental spectra were pH-dependent. The first EPR species, predominant at lower pH values, was simulated as a relatively featureless ...


Epr Studies On The Mono- And Dicobalt(Ii)-Substituted Forms Of The Aminopeptidase From Aeromonas Proteolytica. Insight Into The Catalytic Mechanism Of Dinuclear Hydrolases, Brian Bennett, Richard C. Holz Feb 1997

Epr Studies On The Mono- And Dicobalt(Ii)-Substituted Forms Of The Aminopeptidase From Aeromonas Proteolytica. Insight Into The Catalytic Mechanism Of Dinuclear Hydrolases, Brian Bennett, Richard C. Holz

Physics Faculty Research and Publications

The structure and function of the prototypical dinuclear hydrolase, namely, the aminopeptidase from Aeromonas proteolytica (AAP), was probed by EPR spectroscopy of the mono- and dicobalt(II)-substituted derivatives. A new systematic protocol for the interpretation of Co(II) EPR spectra is described and the S = 3/2 spin states of the Co(II)-substituted forms of the enzyme have been characterized. This protocol allows the simulation of line shape using theoretically allowed geff values corresponding to an isotropic greal value. In addition, the gross distortion of EPR spectra of high-spin S = 3/2 Co(II) ions has ...