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Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Measuring The Spin Of Grs 1915+105 With Relativistic Disk Reflection, J. L. Blum, J. M. Miller, A. C. Fabian, M. C. Miller, J. Homan, M. Van Der Klis, E. M. Cackett, R. C. Reis Nov 2009

Measuring The Spin Of Grs 1915+105 With Relativistic Disk Reflection, J. L. Blum, J. M. Miller, A. C. Fabian, M. C. Miller, J. Homan, M. Van Der Klis, E. M. Cackett, R. C. Reis

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

GRS 1915+105 harbors one of the most massive known stellar black holes in the Galaxy. In 2007 May, we observed GRS 1915+105 for ~117 ks in the low/hard state using Suzaku. We collected and analyzed the data with the Hard X-ray Detector/Positive Intrinsic Negative and X-ray Spectrometer cameras spanning the energy range from 2.3 to 55 keV. Fits to the spectra with simple models reveal strong disk reflection through an Fe K emission line and a Compton backscattering hump. We report constraints on the spin parameter of the black hole in GRS 1915 + 105 using ...


Dust And The Type Ii-Plateau Supernova 2004et, R. Kotak, W. P. S. Meikle, D. Farrah, C. L. Gerardy, R. J. Foley, S. D. Van Dyk, C. Fransson, P. Lundqvist, J. Sollerman, R. Fesen Oct 2009

Dust And The Type Ii-Plateau Supernova 2004et, R. Kotak, W. P. S. Meikle, D. Farrah, C. L. Gerardy, R. J. Foley, S. D. Van Dyk, C. Fransson, P. Lundqvist, J. Sollerman, R. Fesen

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We present mid-infrared (MIR) observations of the Type II-plateau supernova (SN) 2004et, obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope between 64 and 1406 days past explosion. Late-time optical spectra are also presented. For the period 300-795 days past explosion, we argue that the spectral energy distribution (SED) of SN 2004et comprises (1) a hot component due to emission from optically thick gas, as well as free-bound radiation; (2) a warm component due to newly formed, radioactively heated dust in the ejecta; and (3) a cold component due to an IR echo from the interstellar-medium dust of the host galaxy, NGC 6946 ...


Sdss J102347.6+003841: A Millisecond Radio Pulsar Binary That Had A Hot Disk During 2000-2001, Zhongxiang Wang, Anne M. Archibald, John R. Thorstensen, Victoria M. Kaspi Oct 2009

Sdss J102347.6+003841: A Millisecond Radio Pulsar Binary That Had A Hot Disk During 2000-2001, Zhongxiang Wang, Anne M. Archibald, John R. Thorstensen, Victoria M. Kaspi

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) source J102347.6+003841 was recently revealed to be a binary 1.69 ms radio pulsar with a 4.75 hr orbital period and a ~0.2 M companion. Here, we analyze the SDSS spectrum of the source in detail. The spectrum was taken on 2001 February 1, when the source was in a bright state and showed broad, double-peaked hydrogen and helium lines—dramatically different from the G-type absorption spectrum seen from 2002 May onward. The lines are consistent with emission from a disk around the compact primary. We derive properties of the ...


An Oosterhoff Analysis Of The Galactic Bulge Field Rr Lyrae Stars: Implications On Their Absolute Magnitudes, Andrea Kunder, Brian Chaboyer Sep 2009

An Oosterhoff Analysis Of The Galactic Bulge Field Rr Lyrae Stars: Implications On Their Absolute Magnitudes, Andrea Kunder, Brian Chaboyer

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We present an analysis of the period-V-amplitude plane for RR0 Lyrae stars (fundamental mode pulsators) with "normal" light curves in the bulge using the MACHO bulge fields. Although bulge globular clusters (GCs) have RR Lyraes that divide into two reasonable distinct groups according to the average period of the RR0 Lyraes, there is no evidence of a gap between Oosterhoff I (OoI) and II (OoII) stars in the bulge field star sample. The majority of the bulge RR0 Lyrae field star population have a difference in period compared to the OoI cluster M3 (Δlog P) that is shifted ...


Chandra And Swift Observations Of The Quasi-Persistent Neutron Star Transient Exo 0748-676 Back To Quiescence, N. Degenaar, R. Wijnands, M. T. Wolff, P. S. Ray, K. S. Wood, J. Homan, W. H. G. Lewin, P. G. Jonker, E. M. Cackett, J. M. Miller, E. F. Brown Jun 2009

Chandra And Swift Observations Of The Quasi-Persistent Neutron Star Transient Exo 0748-676 Back To Quiescence, N. Degenaar, R. Wijnands, M. T. Wolff, P. S. Ray, K. S. Wood, J. Homan, W. H. G. Lewin, P. G. Jonker, E. M. Cackett, J. M. Miller, E. F. Brown

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

The quasi-persistent neutron star X-ray transient and eclipsing binary EXO 0748-676 recently started the transition to quiescence following an accretion outburst that lasted more than 24 years. We report on two Chandra and 12 Swift observations performed within five months after the end of the outburst. The Chandra spectrum is composed of a soft, thermal component that fits to a neutron star atmosphere model with kT ~ 0.12keV, joined by a hard power-law tail that contributes ~20 per cent of the total 0.5-10 keV unabsorbed flux. The combined Chandra/Swift data set reveals a relatively hot and luminous quiescent ...


Sdss Unveils A Population Of Intrinsically Faint Cataclysmic Variables At The Minimum Orbital Period, B. T. Gänsicke, M. Dillon, J. Southworth, J. R. Thorstensen May 2009

Sdss Unveils A Population Of Intrinsically Faint Cataclysmic Variables At The Minimum Orbital Period, B. T. Gänsicke, M. Dillon, J. Southworth, J. R. Thorstensen

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We discuss the properties of 137 cataclysmic variables (CVs) which are included in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spectroscopic data base, and for which accurate orbital periods have been measured. 92 of these systems are new discoveries from SDSS and were followed-up in more detail over the past few years. 45 systems were previously identified as CVs because of the detection of optical outbursts and/or X-ray emission, and subsequently re-identified from the SDSS spectroscopy. The period distribution of the SDSS CVs differs dramatically from that of all the previously known CVs, in particular it contains a significant accumulation ...


Distance To The Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy Using Macho Project Rr Lyrae Stars, Andrea Kunder, Brian Chaboyer Apr 2009

Distance To The Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy Using Macho Project Rr Lyrae Stars, Andrea Kunder, Brian Chaboyer

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We derive the distance to the northern extension of the Sagittarius (Sgr) dwarf spheroidal galaxy from 203 Sgr RR0 Lyrae stars found in the MACHO database. Their distances are determined differentially with respect to 288 Galactic bulge RR0 Lyrae stars also found in the MACHO data. We find a distance modulus difference of 2.41 mag at l = 5 and b =− 8 and that the extension of the Sgr galaxy toward the galactic plane is inclined toward us. Assuming R GC = 8 kpc, this implies the distance to these stars is (m − M) 0 = 16.97 ± 0.07 mag, which ...


Suzaku Observations Of The Black Hole H1743-322 In Outburst, J. L. Blum, J. M. Miller, E. Cackett, K. Yamaoka, H. Takahashi, J. Raymond, C. S. Reynolds, A. C. Fabian Apr 2009

Suzaku Observations Of The Black Hole H1743-322 In Outburst, J. L. Blum, J. M. Miller, E. Cackett, K. Yamaoka, H. Takahashi, J. Raymond, C. S. Reynolds, A. C. Fabian

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

We observed the Galactic black hole candidate H1743-322 with Suzaku for approximately 32 ks, while the source was in a low/hard state during its 2008 outburst. We collected and analyzed the data with the HXD/PIN, HXD/GSO, and XIS cameras spanning the energy range 0.7-200 keV. Fits to the spectra with simple models fail to detect narrow Fe XXV and Fe XXVI absorption lines, with 90% confidence upper limits of 3.5 and 2.5 eV on the equivalent width, respectively. These limits are commensurate with those in the very high state, but are well below the ...


Stellar Population Models And Individual Element Abundances. Ii. Stellar Spectra And Integrated Light Models, Hyun-Chul Lee, Guy Worthey, Aaron Dotter, Brian Chaboyer Apr 2009

Stellar Population Models And Individual Element Abundances. Ii. Stellar Spectra And Integrated Light Models, Hyun-Chul Lee, Guy Worthey, Aaron Dotter, Brian Chaboyer

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

The first paper in this series explored the effects of altering the chemical mixture of the stellar population on an element-by-element basis on stellar evolutionary tracks and isochrones to the end of the red giant branch. This paper extends the discussion by incorporating the fully consistent synthetic stellar spectra with those isochrone models in predicting integrated colors, Lick indices, and synthetic spectra. Older populations display element ratio effects in their spectra at higher amplitude than younger populations. In addition, spectral effects in the photospheres of stars tend to dominate over effects from isochrone temperatures and lifetimes, but, further, the isochrone-based ...


Photometric Calibrations For 21st Century Science, Stephen M. Kent, Terry D. Oswalt, Mary Elizabeth Kaiser, Et Al. Mar 2009

Photometric Calibrations For 21st Century Science, Stephen M. Kent, Terry D. Oswalt, Mary Elizabeth Kaiser, Et Al.

Publications

The answers to fundamental science questions in astrophysics, ranging from the history of the expansion of the universe to the sizes of nearby stars, hinge on our ability to make precise measurements of diverse astronomical objects. As our knowledge of the underlying physics of objects improves along with advances in detectors and instrumentation, the limits on our capability to extract science from measurements is set, not by our lack of understanding of the nature of these objects, but rather by the most mundane of all issues: the precision with which we can calibrate observations in physical units. We stress the ...


Broad Relativistic Iron Emission Line Observed In Sax J1808.4-3658, E. M. Cackett, D. Altamirano, A. Patruno, J. M. Miller, M. Reynolds, M. Linares, R. Wijnands Mar 2009

Broad Relativistic Iron Emission Line Observed In Sax J1808.4-3658, E. M. Cackett, D. Altamirano, A. Patruno, J. M. Miller, M. Reynolds, M. Linares, R. Wijnands

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

During the 2008 September-October outburst of the accreting millisecond pulsar SAX J1808.4-3658, the source was observed by both Suzaku and XMM-Newton approximately 1 day apart. Spectral analysis reveals a broad relativistic Fe Kα emission line which is present in both data sets, as has recently been reported for other neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries. The properties of the Fe K line observed during each observation are very similar. From modeling the Fe line, we determine the inner accretion disk radius to be 13.2 ± 2.5 GM c-2. The inner disk radius measured from the Fe K line ...


All-Sky Ligo Search For Periodic Gravitational Waves In The Early Fifth-Science-Run Data, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Mar 2009

All-Sky Ligo Search For Periodic Gravitational Waves In The Early Fifth-Science-Run Data, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50-1100Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range -5x10-9-0Hzs-1. Data from the first eight months of the fifth LIGO science run (S5) have been used in this search, which is based on a semicoherent method (PowerFlux) of summing strain power. Observing no evidence of periodic gravitational radiation, we report 95% confidence-level upper limits on radiation emitted by any unknown isolated rotating neutron stars within the search range. Strain limits below 10-24 are obtained over a ...


A Search For Iron Emission Lines In The Chandra X-Ray Spectra Of Neutron Star Low-Mass X-Ray Binaries, E. M. Cackett, J. M. Miller, J. Homan, M. Van Der Klis, W. H. G. Lewin, M. Méndez, J. Raymond, D. Steeghs, R. Wijnands Jan 2009

A Search For Iron Emission Lines In The Chandra X-Ray Spectra Of Neutron Star Low-Mass X-Ray Binaries, E. M. Cackett, J. M. Miller, J. Homan, M. Van Der Klis, W. H. G. Lewin, M. Méndez, J. Raymond, D. Steeghs, R. Wijnands

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

While iron emission lines are well studied in black hole systems, both in X-ray binaries and active galactic nuclei, there has been less of a focus on these lines in neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs). However, recent observations with Suzaku and XMM-Newton have revealed broad, asymmetric iron line profiles in three neutron star LMXBs, confirming an inner disk origin for these lines in neutron star systems. Here, we present a search for iron lines in six neutron star LMXBs. For each object we have simultaneous Chandra and RXTE observations at two separate epochs, allowing for both a high-resolution spectrum ...