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Simulation

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Comparing Performance Of Gene Set Test Methods Using Biologically Relevant Simulated Data, Richard M. Lambert Dec 2018

Comparing Performance Of Gene Set Test Methods Using Biologically Relevant Simulated Data, Richard M. Lambert

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Today we know that there are many genetically driven diseases and health conditions.These problems often manifest only when a set of genes are either active or inactive. Recent technology allows us to measure the activity level of genes in cells, which we call gene expression. It is of great interest to society to be able to statistically compare the gene expression of a large number of genes between two or more groups. For example, we may want to compare the gene expression of a group of cancer patients with a group of non-cancer patients to better understand the genetic ...


Performance Indicators Analysis Inside A Call Center Using A Simulation Program, Ditila Ekmekçiu, Markela Muça, Adrian Naço Nov 2018

Performance Indicators Analysis Inside A Call Center Using A Simulation Program, Ditila Ekmekçiu, Markela Muça, Adrian Naço

International Journal of Business and Technology

This paper deals with and shows the results of different performance indicators analyses made utilizing the help of Simulation and concentrated on dimensioning problems of handling calls capacity in a call center. The goal is to measure the reactivity of the call center’s performance to potential changes of critical variables. The literature related to the employment of this kind of instrument in call centers is reviewed, and the method that this problem is treated momentarily is precisely described. The technique used to obtain this paper’s goal implicated a simulation model using Arena Contact Center software that worked as ...


Deep Reinforcement Learning For Autonomous Search And Rescue, Juan Gonzalo Cárcamo Zuluaga Aug 2018

Deep Reinforcement Learning For Autonomous Search And Rescue, Juan Gonzalo Cárcamo Zuluaga

Masters Theses

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are becoming more prevalent every day. In addition, advances in battery life and electronic sensors have enabled the development of diverse UAV applications outside their original military domain. For example, Search and Rescue (SAR) operations can benefit greatly from modern UAVs since even the simplest commercial models are equipped with high-resolution cameras and the ability to stream video to a computer or portable device. As a result, autonomous unmanned systems (ground, aquatic, and aerial) have recently been employed for such typical SAR tasks as terrain mapping, task observation, and early supply delivery. However, these systems were ...


Predictions Generated From A Simulation Engine For Gene Expression Micro-Arrays For Use In Research Laboratories, Gopinath R. Mavankal, John Blevins, Dominique Edwards, Monnie Mcgee, Andrew Hardin Jul 2018

Predictions Generated From A Simulation Engine For Gene Expression Micro-Arrays For Use In Research Laboratories, Gopinath R. Mavankal, John Blevins, Dominique Edwards, Monnie Mcgee, Andrew Hardin

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper we introduce the technical components, the biology and data science involved in the use of microarray technology in biological and clinical research. We discuss how laborious experimental protocols involved in obtaining this data used in laboratories could benefit from using simulations of the data. We discuss the approach used in the simulation engine from [7]. We use this simulation engine to generate a prediction tool in Power BI, a Microsoft, business intelligence tool for analytics and data visualization [22]. This tool could be used in any laboratory using micro-arrays to improve experimental design by comparing how predicted ...


A Computational Model Of Team-Based Dynamics In The Workplace: Assessing The Impact Of Incentive-Based Motivation On Productivity, Josef Di Pietrantonio May 2018

A Computational Model Of Team-Based Dynamics In The Workplace: Assessing The Impact Of Incentive-Based Motivation On Productivity, Josef Di Pietrantonio

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Large organizations often divide workers into small teams for the completion of essential tasks. In an effort to maximize the number of tasks completed over time, it is common practice for organizations to hire workers with the highest level of education and experience. However, despite capable workers being hired, the ability of teams to complete tasks may suffer if the workers' individual motivational needs are not satisfied.

To explore the impact of incentive-based motivation on the success of team-based organizations, we developed an agent-based model that stochastically simulates the proficiency of 100 workers with varying abilities and motive profiles to ...


A Model For Bioaugmented Anaerobic Granule, Amitesh Mahajan May 2018

A Model For Bioaugmented Anaerobic Granule, Amitesh Mahajan

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, we have created a simulation model which is concerned about digesting cellulose, as a major component of microalgae in a bioreactor. This model is designed to generate a computational model that simulates the process of granulation in anaerobic sludge and aims to investigate scenarios of possible granular bioaugmentation. Once a mature granule is formed, pro- tein is used as an alternative substrate that will be supplied to a mature granule. Protein, being a main component of cyanobacteria, will promote growth and incorporation of a cell type that can degrade protein (selective pressure). The model developed in a ...


The Open World Microorganism, Stephen Thompson Apr 2018

The Open World Microorganism, Stephen Thompson

Stephen Thompson

Video games have been creating sprawling open world experiences for years, but as of yet none have ventured to create an authentic inner cell experience, using our knowledge of cells to recreate digitally what it would be like to shrink smaller than one and step inside. The benefits this application could yield are manifold, so this paper references the necessary ingredients and draws up the blueprints for the first three-dimensional, fully explorable, customizable, and interactive microorganism: an invention which could usher in a new age of biological literacy using technology already employed by many video games. The first part of ...


A Study Of Flight Simulation Training Time, Aircraft Training Time, And Pilot Competence As Measured By The Naval Standard Score, Aaron D. Judy Apr 2018

A Study Of Flight Simulation Training Time, Aircraft Training Time, And Pilot Competence As Measured By The Naval Standard Score, Aaron D. Judy

College of Education

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships between US Navy T-45C flight simulation training time, actual aircraft training time, and intermediate and advanced jet pilot competence as measured by the Naval Standard Score (NSS). Examining the relationships between US Navy T-45C flight simulation time and actual aircraft flight time may provide further information on flight simulation training versus actual aircraft training to aviation authorities, flight instructors, the military aviation community, the commercial aviation community, and academia. The study was non-experimental, correlational, causal-comparative with an emphasis upon the establishment of mathematic and predictive relationships using archival data from ...


Thermodynamic Stability And Dynamical Metastabilty Of Soft-Matter Quasicrystals Via Interactive Gpu-Accelerated Simulations Using A Stabilized Langevin-Verlet Integrator, Samuel Savitz, Ron Lifshitz Jan 2018

Thermodynamic Stability And Dynamical Metastabilty Of Soft-Matter Quasicrystals Via Interactive Gpu-Accelerated Simulations Using A Stabilized Langevin-Verlet Integrator, Samuel Savitz, Ron Lifshitz

Aperiodic 2018 ("9th Conference on Aperiodic Crystals")

No abstract provided.


Design And Development Of Simulation-Based Instruction On Meaningful Use And Interprofessionalism Core Competencies In A Healthcare Team-Based Learning Environment, Elizabeth Oviawe Jan 2018

Design And Development Of Simulation-Based Instruction On Meaningful Use And Interprofessionalism Core Competencies In A Healthcare Team-Based Learning Environment, Elizabeth Oviawe

CEC Theses and Dissertations

Policymakers and electronic health records (EHR) experts agree that healthcare professionals lack proficiency in meaningful use of EHRs. This competency gap can result in increased medical errors. It is essential for health professions graduates to acquire skill sets that are adaptable to any electronic health information technologies including the EHRs to facilitate work process and information access. Simulation as an instructional method to create transformative learning experiences has shown promise in the medical profession. In simulations, learners are able to engage in real-life scenarios and practice their cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills in a safe environment.

The goal was to ...


Modular Software Architecture For Complex Multi-Body Fully-Coupled Spacecraft Dynamics, Cody J. Allard Jan 2018

Modular Software Architecture For Complex Multi-Body Fully-Coupled Spacecraft Dynamics, Cody J. Allard

Aerospace Engineering Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Computer simulations of spacecraft dynamics are widely used in industry and academia to predict how spacecraft will behave during proposed mission concepts. Current technology and performance requirements have placed pressure on simulations to be increasingly more representative of the environment and the physics that spacecraft will encounter. This results in increasingly complex computer simulations. Designing the software architecture in a modular way is a crucial step to allow for ease of testing, maintaining, and scaling of the software code base. However, for complex spacecraft modeling including flexible or multi-body dynamics, modularizing the software is not a trivial task because the ...


Two Notes On A Piano, Samuel Thomas Jan 2018

Two Notes On A Piano, Samuel Thomas

Honors Research Projects

In an increasingly digital world, the analog tends to be neglected in exchange for the convenience and precision of digital devices. However, many analog systems exhibit physical phenomena that can be difficult to reproduce digitally. The purpose of this project is to explore the piano and parts of its sonic character that are not currently accounted for in digital systems. Specifically, when multiple notes are being propagated on a soundboard, they affect each other’s tone because each one changes the state of the soundboard. The effect is evident in the partials of each note: the partials (not quite harmonics ...


Understanding The Nature Of Nanoscale Wetting Through All-Atom Simulations, Oliver Evans Jan 2018

Understanding The Nature Of Nanoscale Wetting Through All-Atom Simulations, Oliver Evans

Honors Research Projects

The spreading behavior of spherical and cylindrical water droplets between 30Å and 100Å in radius on a sapphire surface is investigated using all-atom molecular dynamics simulations for durations on the order of tens of nanoseconds. A monolayer film develops rapidly and wets the surface, while the bulk of the droplet spreads on top of the monolayer, maintaining the shape of a spherical cap. Unlike previous simulations in the literature, the bulk radius is found to increase to a maximum value and receed as the monolayer continues to expand. Simple time and droplet size dependence is observed for monolayer radius and ...


Implementation Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Reporting Plume Cloud Concentration Values In A 3d Simulation Environment, Emily Catherine Novak Jan 2018

Implementation Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Reporting Plume Cloud Concentration Values In A 3d Simulation Environment, Emily Catherine Novak

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs, have the potential to vastly improve plume cloud tracking at low cost. Plume clouds can be produced from blast mining, chemical warfare, unintended man-made disasters, and natural causes. This thesis provides implementation of the capability to simulate a 3D environment in which UAVs are individually controlled and each report a plume's concentration value at a specific location. It leverages existing industry standard technologies, including the PX4 autopilot system, the Gazebo simulation environment, the Robot Operating System (ROS), and QGroundControl. The provided system integrates the existing tools with a plume model plug-in that provides simulated ...


Scenario Development For Unmanned Aircraft System Simulation-Based Immersive Experiential Learning, Nickolas D. Macchiarella, Alexander J. Mirot Jan 2018

Scenario Development For Unmanned Aircraft System Simulation-Based Immersive Experiential Learning, Nickolas D. Macchiarella, Alexander J. Mirot

Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research

Application of scenario-based training can serve as practical means of educating remote pilots and sensor operators as they seek professional levels of knowledge. Both education and training can build upon time-tested training and simulation methodologies that apply simulators in settings that mirror real-world operations. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s unmanned aircraft system (UAS) program curriculum is rooted in immersive simulation that offers students an experiential learning experience that is aimed to develop higher-order thinking skills. Skills that are critical to professional levels of performance. The degree program builds from basic application skills to critical thinking skills by using immersive scenario-based training ...


Monte Carlo Estimates Of Evaluation Metric Error And Bias: Work In Progress, Mucun Tian, Michael D. Ekstrand Jan 2018

Monte Carlo Estimates Of Evaluation Metric Error And Bias: Work In Progress, Mucun Tian, Michael D. Ekstrand

Computer Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Traditional offline evaluations of recommender systems apply metrics from machine learning and information retrieval in settings where their underlying assumptions no longer hold. This results in significant error and bias in measures of top-N recommendation performance, such as precision, recall, and nDCG. Several of the specific causes of these errors, including popularity bias and misclassified decoy items, are well-explored in the existing literature. In this paper we survey a range of work on identifying and addressing these problems, and report on our work in progress to simulate the recommender data generation and evaluation processes to quantify the extent of ...


Water Dynamics And The Effect Of Static And Alternating Electric Fields, Mohammadmahdi Shafiei Alavijeh Jan 2018

Water Dynamics And The Effect Of Static And Alternating Electric Fields, Mohammadmahdi Shafiei Alavijeh

Theses and Dissertations

Having a net dipole moment, water molecules tend to align with an external electric field. The re-orientation of water molecules to align with the field direction can result in structural and dynamic changes in liquid water. Studying these changes can help us to understand the role of an E-field in many biological systems, chemical reactions, and many technological advancements.

In short, the application of static electric fields causes molecules to stay aligned with the field, so, fewer hydrogen bonds break, and molecules have slower dynamics. This type of field can be used when the mobility of water molecules needs to ...


Simulating Optical Processes In Next-Generation Photovoltaics, Devin Michael Rourke Jan 2018

Simulating Optical Processes In Next-Generation Photovoltaics, Devin Michael Rourke

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

An increased need for cheap renewable energy has led to active research in solar technologies with improved efficiency and decreased production cost. Next-generation photovoltaic technologies, which utilize novel materials, processing techniques, and architectures, can improve light absorption and photocurrent generation. Experimental device development suffers from slow troubleshooting timescales, making device simulation a powerful tool for exploration of an ever-increasing parameter space. In this report, we develop and apply a finite element combined optical and electrical device model, which predicts the optoelectronic performance of photovoltaic devices. The model is applied to two systems: the near-infrared absorption enhancement of bulk heterojunction organic ...


A Coverage Metric To Aid In Testing Multi-Agent Systems, Jane Ostergar Linn Dec 2017

A Coverage Metric To Aid In Testing Multi-Agent Systems, Jane Ostergar Linn

All Theses and Dissertations

Models are frequently used to represent complex systems in order to test the systems before they are deployed. Some of the most complicated models are those that represent multi-agent systems (MAS), where there are multiple decision makers. Brahms is an agent-oriented language that models MAS. Three major qualities affect the behavior of these MAS models: workframes that change the state of the system, communication activities that coordinate information between agents, and the schedule of workframes. The primary method to test these models that exists is repeated simulation. Simulation is useful insofar as interesting test cases are used that enable the ...


Experimental Design And Data Analysis In Computer Simulation Studies In The Behavioral Sciences, Michael Harwell, Nidhi Kohli, Yadira Peralta Dec 2017

Experimental Design And Data Analysis In Computer Simulation Studies In The Behavioral Sciences, Michael Harwell, Nidhi Kohli, Yadira Peralta

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Treating computer simulation studies as statistical sampling experiments subject to established principles of experimental design and data analysis should further enhance their ability to inform statistical practice and a program of statistical research. Latin hypercube designs to enhance generalizability and meta-analytic methods to analyze simulation results are presented.


Performance Evaluation Of Confidence Intervals For Ordinal Coefficient Alpha, Heather J. Turner, Prathiba Natesan, Robin K. Henson Dec 2017

Performance Evaluation Of Confidence Intervals For Ordinal Coefficient Alpha, Heather J. Turner, Prathiba Natesan, Robin K. Henson

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of the Fisher, Feldt, Bonner, and Hakstian and Whalen (HW) confidence intervals methods for the non-parametric reliability estimate, ordinal alpha. All methods yielded unacceptably low coverage rates and potentially increased Type-I error rates.


Design And Implementation Of A Stand-Alone Tool For Metabolic Simulations, Milad Ghiasi Rad Dec 2017

Design And Implementation Of A Stand-Alone Tool For Metabolic Simulations, Milad Ghiasi Rad

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

In this thesis, we present the design and implementation of a stand-alone tool for metabolic simulations. This system is able to integrate custom-built SBML models along with external user’s input information and produces the estimation of any reactants participating in the chain of the reactions in the provided model, e.g., ATP, Glucose, Insulin, for the given duration using numerical analysis and simulations. This tool offers the food intake arguments in the calculations to consider the personalized metabolic characteristics in the simulations. The tool has also been generalized to take into consideration of temporal genomic information and be flexible ...


Optimal Layout For A Component Grid, Michael W. Ebert Dec 2017

Optimal Layout For A Component Grid, Michael W. Ebert

Computer Science

Several puzzle games include a specific type of optimization problem: given components that produce and consume different resources and a grid of squares, find the optimal way to place the components to maximize output. I developed a method to evaluate potential solutions quickly and automated the solving of the problem using a genetic algorithm.


Multi-Step Tokenization Of Automated Clearing House Payment Transactions, Privin Alexander Nov 2017

Multi-Step Tokenization Of Automated Clearing House Payment Transactions, Privin Alexander

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since its beginnings in 1974, the Automated Clearing House (ACH) network has grown into one of the largest, safest, and most efficient payment systems in the world. An ACH transaction is an electronic funds transfer between bank accounts using a batch processing system.

Currently, the ACH Network moves almost $43 trillion and 25 billion electronic financial transactions each year. With the increasing movement toward an electronic, interconnected and mobile infrastructure, it is critical that electronic payments work safely and efficiently for all users. ACH transactions carry sensitive data, such as a consumer's name, account number, tax identification number, account ...


The Simulation, Design, And Fabrication Of Optical Filters, John-Michael Juneau Nov 2017

The Simulation, Design, And Fabrication Of Optical Filters, John-Michael Juneau

Graduate Theses - Physics and Optical Engineering

The purpose of this thesis is to create a model for designing optical filters and a method for fabricating the designed filters onto a multitude of substrates, as well as to find ways to optimize this process. The substrates that were tested were quartz, glass slides, polycarbonate, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). This work will account for variations in the deposition process and substrate cleaning method, in order to optimize the performance of the final optical filter. Several different filters were simulated and then fabricated. These filters included 3, 5, and 7-layer Bragg reflectors, 11-layer narrowband filters, and some variations of ...


Parallelization Of A Three-Dimensional Full Multigrid Algorithm To Simulate Tumor Growth, Dylan Goodin, Chin F. Ng, Hermann B. Frieboes Oct 2017

Parallelization Of A Three-Dimensional Full Multigrid Algorithm To Simulate Tumor Growth, Dylan Goodin, Chin F. Ng, Hermann B. Frieboes

Commonwealth Computational Summit

We present the performance gains of an openMP implementation of a fully adaptive nonlinear full multigrid (FMG) algorithm to simulate three-dimensional multispecies desmoplastic tumor growth on computer systems of varying processing capabilities. The FMG algorithm is applied to solve a recently published thermodynamic mixture model that uses a diffuse interface approach with fourth-order reaction-advection-diffusion PDEs (Cahn-Hilliard-type equations) that are coupled, nonlinear, and numerically stiff. The model includes multiple cell species and extracellular matrix (ECM), with adhesive and elastic energy contributions in chemical potential terms, as well as including blood and lymphatic vessels represented as continuous vasculatures. Advection-reaction-diffusion PDEs are employed ...


Integrated Environment And Proximity Sensing For Uav Applications, Shawn S. Brackett Aug 2017

Integrated Environment And Proximity Sensing For Uav Applications, Shawn S. Brackett

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), or “drone” applications expand, new methods for sensing, navigating and avoiding obstacles need to be developed. The project applies an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) to a simulated quadcopter vehicle though Matlab in order to estimate not only the vehicle state but the world state around the vehicle. The EKF integrates multiple sensor readings from range sensors, IMU sensors, and radiation sensors and combines this information to optimize state estimates. The result is an estimated world map to be used in vehicle navigation and obstacle avoidance.

The simulation handles the physics behind the vehicle flight. As ...


Simulating Magnetospheres With Numerical Relativity: The Giraffe Code, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton Aug 2017

Simulating Magnetospheres With Numerical Relativity: The Giraffe Code, Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

Maria Babiuc-Hamilton

Numerical Relativity is successful in the simulation of black holes and gravitational waves. In recent years, teams have tackled the problem of the interaction of gravitational and electromagnetic waves. We developed a new code for the numerical simulation of neutron and black hole magnetospheres, using the FFE formalism. We tested the performance of the new code named GiRaFFE, in 1D and 3D test suits. We will study magnetospheres, focusing on jets by the Blandford -Znajek mechanism.


Game Specific Approaches To Monte Carlo Tree Search For Dots And Boxes, Jared Prince Jun 2017

Game Specific Approaches To Monte Carlo Tree Search For Dots And Boxes, Jared Prince

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

In this project, a Monte Carlo tree search player was designed and implemented for the child’s game dots and boxes, the computational burden of which has left traditional artificial intelligence approaches like minimax ineffective. Two potential improvements to this player were implemented using game-specific information about dots and boxes: the lack of information for decision-making provided by the net score and the inherent symmetry in many states. The results of these two approaches are presented, along with details about the design of the Monte Carlo tree search player. The first improvement, removing net score from the state information, was ...


On The Simulation And Mitigation Of Anisoplanatic Optical Turbulence For Long Range Imaging, Russell C. Hardie, Daniel A. Lemaster Jun 2017

On The Simulation And Mitigation Of Anisoplanatic Optical Turbulence For Long Range Imaging, Russell C. Hardie, Daniel A. Lemaster

Russell C. Hardie

We describe a numerical wave propagation method for simulating long range imaging of an extended scene under anisoplanatic conditions. Our approach computes an array of point spread functions (PSFs) for a 2D grid on the object plane. The PSFs are then used in a spatially varying weighted sum operation, with an ideal image, to produce a simulated image with realistic optical turbulence degradation. To validate the simulation we compare simulated outputs with the theoretical anisoplanatic tilt correlation and differential tilt variance. This is in addition to comparing the long- and short-exposure PSFs, and isoplanatic angle. Our validation analysis shows an ...