Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Ultrafast Laser-Induced Damage And The Influence Of Spectral Effects, Jeremy Gulley Nov 2012

Ultrafast Laser-Induced Damage And The Influence Of Spectral Effects, Jeremy Gulley

Jeremy R. Gulley

Numerous studies have investigated the prerequisite role of photoionization in ultrafast laser-induced damage (LID) of bulk dielectrics. This study examines the role of spectral width and instantaneous laser frequency in LID using a frequency dependent multiphoton ionization (MPI) model and numerical simulation of initially 800 nm laser pulses propagating through fused silica. Assuming a band gap of 9 eV, MPI by an 800 nm field is a six-photon process, but when the instantaneous wavelength is greater than 827 nm an additional photon is required for photoionization, reducing the probability of the event by many orders of magnitude. Simulation results suggest ...


Ultrafast Intense-Field Photoionization And Photofragmentation Of Systematic Series Of Substituted Organic Molecules, Timothy D. Scarborough Apr 2012

Ultrafast Intense-Field Photoionization And Photofragmentation Of Systematic Series Of Substituted Organic Molecules, Timothy D. Scarborough

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The abundance and relevance of organic molecules similar to benzene makes their study important. Studying the interactions of such molecules with intense light fields has implications for the generation of short-wavelength radiation, attosecond science, high-harmonic generation, and many other fields. However, the computing power necessary to complete fully ab initio calculations describing molecules of this size does not exist; this leaves theoretical studies to rely on assumptions and approximations just to calculate the energies of the ground state. Including any sort of dynamics in these calculations is prohibitively complicated, and this makes experimental observations important. Since many organic molecules are ...


Observation And Identification Of Metastable Excited States In Ultrafast Laser-Ionized Pyridine, David B. Foote, Timothy D. Scarborough, Cornelis J. Uiterwaal Jan 2012

Observation And Identification Of Metastable Excited States In Ultrafast Laser-Ionized Pyridine, David B. Foote, Timothy D. Scarborough, Cornelis J. Uiterwaal

C.J.G.J. Uiterwaal Publications

We report on the fragmentation of ionized pyridine (C5H5N) molecules by focused 50 fs, 800 nm laser pulses. Such ionization produces several metastable ionic states that fragment within the field-free drift region of a reflectron- type time of flight mass spectrometer, with one particular metastable dissociation being the leading fragmentation process. Because the time of flight is no longer dependent in a simple way on the mass of the ion, the metastable decay is manifested as an unfocused peak on the mass spectrum that appears at a time of flight not corresponding to an integer mass ...


Comment On The Ionization Energy Of B2f4, Bun Chan, Adam J. Trevitt, Stephen J. Blanksby, Leo Radom Jan 2012

Comment On The Ionization Energy Of B2f4, Bun Chan, Adam J. Trevitt, Stephen J. Blanksby, Leo Radom

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The Gn test sets(1) of accurate (uncertainty ≤ 1 kcal mol–1 ≈ 4 kJ mol–1) experimental data are widely employed in the development and assessment of quantum chemistry procedures. However, while all the data in the Gn sets nominally carry a sub-kcal mol–1 uncertainty, several of the experimental values show uncharacteristically large discrepancies when compared with values determined by high-level theoretical calculations. One of these questionable values is the adiabatic ionization energy (IE) of B2F4, for which the theoretical values calculated, for example, with the high-level G2 (1133.9, kJ mol–1),(1b) G3 (1135.4 kJ mol ...


Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer Jan 2012

Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We studied three-dimensional angular distributions and longitudinal momentum spectra of electrons ejected in transfer plus ionization (TI), i.e., the ejection of one and the capture of a second target electron, for ion-helium collisions. We observe a pronounced structure strongly focused opposite to the projectile beam direction, which we associate with a new correlated TI mechanism proposed recently. This process contributes significantly to the total cross sections over a broad range of perturbations η, even at η as large as 0.5, where uncorrelated TI mechanisms were thought to be dominant.


A Reverberation Lag For The High-Ionization Component Of The Broad-Line Region In The Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Mrk 335, C. J. Grier, B. M. Peterson, R. W. Pogge, K. D. Denney, M. C. Bentz, Paul Martini, S. G. Sergeev, S. Kaspi, Y. Zu, C. S. Kochanek, B. J. Shappee, C. Araya Salvo, T G. Beatty, J. C. Bird, D. J. Bord, G. A. Borman, X. Che, C. Chen Jan 2012

A Reverberation Lag For The High-Ionization Component Of The Broad-Line Region In The Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Mrk 335, C. J. Grier, B. M. Peterson, R. W. Pogge, K. D. Denney, M. C. Bentz, Paul Martini, S. G. Sergeev, S. Kaspi, Y. Zu, C. S. Kochanek, B. J. Shappee, C. Araya Salvo, T G. Beatty, J. C. Bird, D. J. Bord, G. A. Borman, X. Che, C. Chen

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We present the first results from a detailed analysis of photometric and spectrophotometric data on the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy Mrk 335, collected over a 120 day span in the fall of 2010. From these data we measure the lag in the He ii λ 4686 broad emission line relative to the optical continuum to be 2.7 °æ 0.6 days and the lag in the Hβλ 4861 broad emission line to be 13.9 °æ 0.9 days. Combined with the line width, the He ii lag yields a black hole mass MBH = (2. 6 °æ 0 ...