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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Crystal Queer: Fracturing The Binaries Of Matter, Creation, And Landscape, Sarah Knight May 2020

Crystal Queer: Fracturing The Binaries Of Matter, Creation, And Landscape, Sarah Knight

Graduate School of Art Theses

In this thesis, I compile a series of fragments consisting an analysis of my artwork in the gendered contexts of landscape, self-identity, mythology, and philosophy. I develop my concept of a “queer mark” in my art that serves as a form of queering, a disruption of visual and conceptual cohesion. I form a picture of how our contemporary selves are influenced by our gendered understanding of the landscape through the analysis of philosophical, artistic, and mythological concepts of creation. I see my sculptures as an atlas to an alternative means of understanding identity, a queering of these historical and exclusionary ...


Nasa L'Space Mission Concept Academy, Anaily Lorenzo May 2020

Nasa L'Space Mission Concept Academy, Anaily Lorenzo

Research Day

NASA L'Space Mission Concept Academy is a virtual academy in which we had to complete a 12-week team mission concept. Our mission objective was to design a small mission concept that characterized the polar water ice on Earth's moon. Our mission had to fit within the mission concept constraints (mass, volume, and budget). Our spacecraft design and scientific payload had to reflect what can be afforded within these constraints. To complete this mission concept, our team relied heavily on math, engineering, geology, and chemistry.


Investigation Of The Volcanics Rocks On Marblehead Neck Through Petrographic, Geochemical, And Field Analyses, Rebecca Wright, Lindley Hanson, Erkan Toraman May 2020

Investigation Of The Volcanics Rocks On Marblehead Neck Through Petrographic, Geochemical, And Field Analyses, Rebecca Wright, Lindley Hanson, Erkan Toraman

Research Day

Marblehead Neck is a rocky island within the Dedham-Milford zone in northeastern Massachusetts and is separated by the younger Late Silurian Salem Gabbro-Diorite on the adjacent mainland of Marblehead by a fault of unknown motion. Although shown on the 1983 bedrock map of MA, to be underlain by the Late Proterozoic Dedham Granodiorite and Lynn Volcanics, attempts to date and definitively correlate these rocks have been unsuccessful. This study focuses on confirming the identity of the volcanics and correlating to local lithologies(Middlesex Fells Complex, Lynn-Mattapan Volcanic Complex, Newbury Volcanics, and extrusives of the Cape Ann Granite) through field mapping ...


Detailed Records Of Ird Input From Central North Atlantic Sediment Core Vm28-89 During The Last Glacial Cycle (Marine Isotope Stages 4-2), Adam Surette May 2020

Detailed Records Of Ird Input From Central North Atlantic Sediment Core Vm28-89 During The Last Glacial Cycle (Marine Isotope Stages 4-2), Adam Surette

Research Day

High resolution records from North Atlantic deep-sea sediment have been instrumental in documenting millennial-scale climate variations during the last glacial cycle (Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 4 to 1) including variations of Ice-Rafted Detritus (IRD) concentrations related to massive iceberg discharges from glacial continental ice sheets. We have sampled core VM28-89, located within the Ruddiman IRD Belt in the central North Atlantic at 1 cm intervals and produced detailed records of %IRD ((number of lithic grains >150μm / (number of lithic grains >150μm + number of Planktic foraminifers >150μm)) x 100); lithic grains, >150μm per gram of sediment (lithics/gram); planktic foraminifers, >150μm ...


Impact Of Compactive Effort On Soil Strength Of Glacial Lake Columbia Soils, Alexander M. Navarra, Dwight Hendrickson, Jaremy Shaw May 2020

Impact Of Compactive Effort On Soil Strength Of Glacial Lake Columbia Soils, Alexander M. Navarra, Dwight Hendrickson, Jaremy Shaw

2020 Symposium Posters

Glacial Lake Columbia (GLC) existed from 15,550 (+/- 450) to 13,050 (+/- 650) years ago (Atwater, 1986) as a result of the Okanagan Lobe of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet damming the Columbia River near present-day Grand Coulee Dam. The lake deposited a fine-grained basal layer that had interbeds of coarse Missoula Flood deposits and later lake deposits above. Because these GLC deposits are present around most of the Spokane area, they are important to civil engineering and development. We sampled the basal layer of GLC soils from the Peone Prairie, WA. We performed prerequisite testing before the main experiment, with ...


Experiments To Synthesize Soft-Sedimentary Deformation And Clastic Dikes, Chelsi K. Howard May 2020

Experiments To Synthesize Soft-Sedimentary Deformation And Clastic Dikes, Chelsi K. Howard

2020 Symposium Posters

Clastic dikes are intrusions of sediments into layers of other sedimentary strata that are found in various places across eastern Washington. Three notable sites include Burlingame Canyon in Touchet, WA, Tucannon Valley near Starbuck, WA and Campion Park in Spokane, WA. Clastic dikes are thought to be formed by either overburden stress or from seismic activity. In eastern WA, the dikes were formed by large overburden pressure and seismic-like forces caused by cataclysmic floods that washed over eastern WA (known as the Missoula floods). We recreated this environment by layering saturated sand below and on top of kaolinite clay, and ...


Testing A Drone-Based Magnetic Field Surveying System, Erik Jacobson, Irina Filina Apr 2020

Testing A Drone-Based Magnetic Field Surveying System, Erik Jacobson, Irina Filina

UCARE Research Products

Aeromagnetic surveys are conducted by geoscientists to study subsurface geologic structures, such as faults. This type of survey uses a magnetometer mounted upon an airborne vehicle to collect magnetic field data. Magnetic anomalies are caused by variations in subsurface geology, namely in magnetic properties of subsurface rocks. Jacobson and Filina (2019) reported on the development of a new low cost drone, based magnetic field surveying system by the UNL Geophysics Team. This drone-based magnetic system is capable of collecting high resolution data at low speeds and low altitudes. The current study focuses on testing this system by conducting two flights ...


Quantifying Water Content In Olivine From North Carolina Dunites Using Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Thomas Byars Apr 2020

Quantifying Water Content In Olivine From North Carolina Dunites Using Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Thomas Byars

Student Scholars Day Posters

The focus of this study is to quantify the water content in grains of the mineral olivine collected from the Buck Creek Ultramafic Suite–a fragment of ancient ocean crust emplaced into the Appalachian Mountains in North Carolina. Previous work on these samples includes Electron Back Scatter Diffraction (EBSD) analysis. EBSD data can constrain temperature and stress conditions of olivine deformation under different levels of hydration. The water in olivine was analyzed using a Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Science. The olivine grains are doubly polished in preparation for FTIR analysis. The machine scans ...


The Geologic Times, Vol. 7, Sara Mana Apr 2020

The Geologic Times, Vol. 7, Sara Mana

Earth Science Association

The seventh issue of the Earth Science Association's newsletter, The Geologic Times.

Contents:

Atmospheric Scientists Show Resilience in the Face of Lockdowns by Jane Palmer (originally published on EOS, doi.org/10.1029/2020EO142531)

How COVID-19 Has Impacted My Life by Casey Fern

Life during a Pandemic by Sara Mana

Giant Trilobites of Tarhoucht, Morocco by Tom Rich


Field Relations, Geochemistry, And Geochronology Of The Rocks At Perkins Point, Castine, Maine, Robert Knowles, Douglas Reusch Apr 2020

Field Relations, Geochemistry, And Geochronology Of The Rocks At Perkins Point, Castine, Maine, Robert Knowles, Douglas Reusch

Individual Projects

Northwest of Castine, Maine is the coastline known as Perkins Point, which is home to about 500 meters of bedrock exposure. Previous mapping projects of Penobscot Bay indicate a discrepancy in rock type for this area, and therefore the origin of the rocks is unclear. Preliminary observations suggest that these rocks are mostly volcanic. The goal of this project is to determine the field relations, geochronology, and geochemistry to conclude the true nature of these rocks and ultimately create a geological map.


Geology Of Nacogdoches, Texas: Texas Academy Of Science March 1, 2020, R. Larell Nielson, Mike Read, Mindy Faulkner, Hannah C. Chambers, Jessica O'Neal Feb 2020

Geology Of Nacogdoches, Texas: Texas Academy Of Science March 1, 2020, R. Larell Nielson, Mike Read, Mindy Faulkner, Hannah C. Chambers, Jessica O'Neal

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Geologic Times, Vol. 6, Sara Mana Feb 2020

The Geologic Times, Vol. 6, Sara Mana

Earth Science Association

The sixth issue of the Earth Science Association's newsletter, The Geologic Times.

Contents:

What Makes Mercury So Dark? by Kathleen E. Vander Kaaden

What Are You Going To Do After Graduation? by Hannah Newcombe

Seismic Refraction Applications At SSU by Kyle McCaffery

Comic by Adam Surette

What Is New In The ESA Community?!


Interpretive Geologic Maps And Cross Sections For Phelps, Kearney, And Adams Counties In Nebraska, Dana Divine, Leslie M. Howard Jan 2020

Interpretive Geologic Maps And Cross Sections For Phelps, Kearney, And Adams Counties In Nebraska, Dana Divine, Leslie M. Howard

Conservation and Survey Division

Data from thousands of test-hole and well logs were interpreted to improve understanding and management of the High Plains aquifer in a three-county study area adjacent to the Big Bend reach of the Platte River. Five principal conclusions resulted from these interpretations: (1) the extent of Neogene Ogallala deposits beneath the study area is different than previously mapped; (2) a large paleovalley incised into Cretaceous bedrock probably cuts across Kearney and Adams counties and may be the course of the ancestral Platte River prior to formation of the Big Bend; (3) a groundwater mound created by irrigation canals artificially raises ...


Fluvial Sedimentology And Architecture Of Two Latest Devonian Lower Huntley Mountain Formation Outcrops, North-Central Pennsylvania, Usa, Evan W. Filion Jan 2020

Fluvial Sedimentology And Architecture Of Two Latest Devonian Lower Huntley Mountain Formation Outcrops, North-Central Pennsylvania, Usa, Evan W. Filion

Honors Theses

Thick successions of river deposits accumulated in the north-central Pennsylvania region of the Appalachian foreland basin during Late Devonian time (~380-360 Ma). The properties and morphologies of these paleorivers are not well characterized. Latest Devonian tectonic, climatic, and eustatic controls on river dynamics and basin infilling also remain unclear. This study assesses the sedimentology, facies architecture, paleochannel depths, and grain size of a 133 m thick section of fluvial strata exposed across two outcrops, Blossburg South (older) and Blossburg West (younger), mapped as lower Huntley Mountain Formation near Blossburg, Pennsylvania. Field-based lithofacies observations, high-resolution panoramic photography, terrestrial lidar scanning, and ...


The Geologic Times, Vol. 5, Sara Mana Dec 2019

The Geologic Times, Vol. 5, Sara Mana

Earth Science Association

The fifth issue of the Earth Science Association's newsletter, The Geologic Times.

Contents:

Vote For Your Favorite ESA Logo! by Adam Surette

Mars 2020: The Search For Stromatolites by Alisha Guglielmi

Shedding New Light On Clastic Sedimentary Systems Using Detrital Zircons by Andrew Parent

Water Quality Research In Salem Sound by Renee V Knudstrup

What Is New In The ESA Community?!


Fracture Analysis Of The Lower Oceanic Crust, Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge, Trent Jackson Dec 2019

Fracture Analysis Of The Lower Oceanic Crust, Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge, Trent Jackson

Master's Theses

Atlantis Bank (AB) is an oceanic core complex (OCC), formed at the slow-spreading (spreading rate/yr) Southwest Indian Ridge (SWIR)-Atlantis II transform junction. AB is a domal massif composed of lower crustal and upper mantle rocks exhumed along a normal-sense detachment shear zone/fault. OCCs are of high interest since oceanic crust comprises the majority of Earth’s crust and OCCs form up to 15% of the crust that is formed at slow-spreading ridges. Brittle deformation, such as faults and fractures provide pathways for fluids to interact with the crust, which increases heat and mass exchange between the crust ...


The Geologic Times, Vol. 4, Sara Mana Oct 2019

The Geologic Times, Vol. 4, Sara Mana

Earth Science Association

The fourth issue of the Earth Science Association's newsletter, The Geologic Times.

Contents:

Formation And Collapse Of The Adirondack Mountains by Erkan Toraman

Living Sustainably With Active Volcanoes: Hazards And Resources by Sara Mana

Node Country For Old Men by Cora Van Hazinga

The Field Camp Experience... by Emily Doyle

What is new in the ESA community?!


The Spatial And Temporal Evolution Of The Portland And Tualatin Basins, Oregon, Usa, Darby Patrick Scanlon Aug 2019

The Spatial And Temporal Evolution Of The Portland And Tualatin Basins, Oregon, Usa, Darby Patrick Scanlon

Dissertations and Theses

The Portland and Tualatin basins are part of the Puget-Willamette Lowland in the Cascadia forearc of Oregon and Washington. The Coast Range to the west has undergone Paleogene transtension and Neogene transpression, which is reflected in basin stratigraphy. To better understand the tectonic evolution of the region, I modeled three key stratigraphic horizons and their associated depocenters (areas of maximum sediment accumulation) through space and time using well log, seismic, outcrop, aeromagnetic, and gravity data. Three isochore maps were created to constrain the location of Portland and Tualatin basin depocenters during 1) Pleistocene to mid-Miocene (0-15 Ma), 2) eruption of ...


An Overview Of Handheld Sun Photometer Measurements Of Atmospheric Aerosols In New Orleans, Louisiana: A Case Study Of The Xavier University Study Site., M. Bradley, B. Sevalia, M. Gasseller Jul 2019

An Overview Of Handheld Sun Photometer Measurements Of Atmospheric Aerosols In New Orleans, Louisiana: A Case Study Of The Xavier University Study Site., M. Bradley, B. Sevalia, M. Gasseller

Faculty and Staff Publications

Aerosol optical depth (AOT) was measured at Xavier University of Louisiana (XULA, 29.96ᵒ N, 90.11° W and 3m above sea level) using a GLOBE handheld sun photometer. The measurements were done at two different wavelengths, 505nm and 625nm. The measured values were used to extrapolate the AOT values for wavelengths 667nm, 551nm, 532nm and 490nm at the XULA site. The measured and calculated AOT values were then compared with values from the nearest AERONET station at Wave CIS site 6 (AERONET, 28.87ᵒ N, 90.48° W and 33m above sea level), which is 60 miles south of ...


Effects Of Heat Treatment Of Spinels As Determined By Vis/Nir And Raman Spectroscopy And Xrd, Jill Reale, Dr. Michael B. Wolf Jun 2019

Effects Of Heat Treatment Of Spinels As Determined By Vis/Nir And Raman Spectroscopy And Xrd, Jill Reale, Dr. Michael B. Wolf

Celebration of Learning

Heat treatment is done to improve the color and clarity and, therefore, the value of gemstones. The objectives of this study include observing color and inclusion changes in pink spinels after heat treatment, and analyzing structural changes within differently colored spinels using Raman Spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction with a Paris Edinburgh Press. We expected the heat treatment to yield color changes and fading of small inclusions. Cut and polished spinels were heated to 1400C for 2 days or 850C for 3 days. Future experiments involve 800C, 750C, and 700C all for 1 week, 1500C for 4 days, and 1600C for ...


Investigation Of Pervasive Clay Layers And Their Effect On Groundwater Flow Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography In The San Antonio Groundwater Basin, James M. Carlson Jun 2019

Investigation Of Pervasive Clay Layers And Their Effect On Groundwater Flow Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography In The San Antonio Groundwater Basin, James M. Carlson

Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences

The United States Geological Survey is developing an integrated hydrologic model of the San Antonio Creek Groundwater Basin to better understand and simulate the integrated surface water and groundwater system. An abrupt 60 meter offset in groundwater depth over a distance of less than one kilometer is observed in well readings within the Cañada De Las Flores region of the groundwater basin. Abrupt changes in groundwater levels are often explained by the presence of a fault in the subsurface vertically offsetting sedimentary units. However, observations of the structural geology of this region indicates that faulting is unlikely and suggests an ...


Genetic Sequencing For Measuring Biodiversity In Recent And Ancient Marine Sediments, Lauren Judge May 2019

Genetic Sequencing For Measuring Biodiversity In Recent And Ancient Marine Sediments, Lauren Judge

Celebration of Learning

Taxonomic biodiversity, measured by counting the number of species present in a given area, is the most common method of capturing ecosystem biodiversity in recent and ancient environments. While this method is widely accepted, it is limited by poor preservation and identification of many individuals, making it impossible to include every species within an ecosystem and resulting in the loss of some diversity information. To address this issue, we measured the genetic biodiversity (in which species are determined based on sequencing of their DNA) of shallow marine ecosystems by extracting and sequencing the 18S ribosomal gene from bulk carbonate sediment ...


Geochemical Analysis Of The Chinchín Formation In Southern Ecuador, Katherine Ludwig May 2019

Geochemical Analysis Of The Chinchín Formation In Southern Ecuador, Katherine Ludwig

Celebration of Learning

The subduction of the Nazca Plate under the South American Plate has led to the uplift of the majority of the Andes Mountains, but in Ecuador, the Nazca Plate subducts underneath the North Andes Plate, which then collides with the South American Plate. This tectonic setting has formed two parallel mountain chains as well as a complex series of basins between them. However, the formations that make up these basins are poorly understood. This study focuses on the Chinchín Formation, an ~3.5 km thick, volcanic formation that serves as the bedrock of the Quingeo Basin in southern Ecuador. This ...


Resources For Interdisciplinary Understanding Of Energy, Alessandra Hughes, Jessica Trottier May 2019

Resources For Interdisciplinary Understanding Of Energy, Alessandra Hughes, Jessica Trottier

Scholars Week

In most undergraduate curricula, students are expected to have the ability to apply, or transfer, a learned concept to new coursework. In the sciences, students are often introduced to energy ideas with discipline-specific vocabulary and tasks which encourage compartmentalized, surface-level understandings of energy concepts. Our research investigates student transfer of energy ideas within a coherent science course series, where physics is the foundational course. Similar modeling tools and vocabulary are used in the classes to help students see energy as a unifying framework. We seek to identify and describe what transfer “looks like” in this idealized context by interviewing students ...


Spectral Analysis Of Stratigraphy At Eberswalde Crater, Mars, Cory Hughes May 2019

Spectral Analysis Of Stratigraphy At Eberswalde Crater, Mars, Cory Hughes

Scholars Week

We will analyze spectral characteristics of stratigraphy in the catchment and deposit at Eberswalde Crater, Mars. This crater is a frequent contender for the preferred destination of future Mars rover and human science missions in the search for evidence of life on the Red Planet.


Grain Size And Vegetation As Controlling Variables Of Stream Channel Morphology, Grant Colip May 2019

Grain Size And Vegetation As Controlling Variables Of Stream Channel Morphology, Grant Colip

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-2019

Streams are one of the major driving forces that shape the landscapes in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and the eastern United States as a whole, and they serve an important role in transporting both water and sediment to the Atlantic Ocean. However, streams are often modified for human use, thus altering their natural equilibrium. These alterations have frequently led to the degradation of channel stability as well as damage to property and infrastructure. A better understanding of how both grain size (D50) and vegetation impact stream sinuosity (S) is needed to analyze the prevalence of channel degradation in ...


Multi-Proxy Characterization Of Acex Subunit 1/5 (The “Zebra” Interval) To Better Understand Sediment Deposition At This Critical Age Boundary And Paleoceanographic Transition, Victoria Hojnacki May 2019

Multi-Proxy Characterization Of Acex Subunit 1/5 (The “Zebra” Interval) To Better Understand Sediment Deposition At This Critical Age Boundary And Paleoceanographic Transition, Victoria Hojnacki

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-2019

Sediment cores recovered from the Lomonosov Ridge on IODP Expedition 302, the Arctic Coring Expedition (ACEX), provided the first major insights into long-term Cenozoic history of climate and ocean conditions in the central Arctic. However, the ACEX record is hampered by a major hiatus or severely condensed interval (depending on age-model interpretations) at 198.7 mcd separating the middle Eocene and Miocene records. Lithologic subunit 1/5 lies above this depth horizon, and is informally called the “zebra interval” because of distinctive stripes - black and gray tilted and cross-banded silty-clay layers, up to 3 cm thick that characterize the lower ...


The Geologic Times, Vol. 3, Sara Mana May 2019

The Geologic Times, Vol. 3, Sara Mana

Earth Science Association

The third issue of the Earth Science Association's newsletter, The Geologic Times.

Contents:

Hawaiian Excursions - What Does A Semester Abroad Look Like? by Sharissa Thompson

Trying To Inspire The Future Generation by Lisa Rusch

Mineral of the Month: Amphibole: Garbage Mineral Supergroup by Cora Van Hazinga

Student Present Their Research At NEGSA by Rebecca Wright

The NAA - North Appalachian Anomaly by Arianna Gaffney


Fun In A Kansas Salt Mine, Robert F. Diffendal Jr Apr 2019

Fun In A Kansas Salt Mine, Robert F. Diffendal Jr

Robert F. Diffendal, Jr., Publications

Most people probably do not know that salt deposits hundreds of feet thick lie buried beneath large parts of western Kansas, western Oklahoma and a small part of the northeastern Texas Panhandle. Native Americans and early European explorers found that where the salt deposits came near the land surface (for, example north of Hutchinson, Kansas) salt is dissolved by ground water and increases the salinity of rivers, streams, springs and ponds. This salty water was used as a salt source by these peoples. The Hutchinson Salt, a 275 million-year-old Middle Permian deposit, was discovered in an exploratory drill hole in ...


Interview Of Alice L. Hoersch, Ph.D., Alice L. Hoersch Ph.D., Selena Bemak Apr 2019

Interview Of Alice L. Hoersch, Ph.D., Alice L. Hoersch Ph.D., Selena Bemak

All Oral Histories

Alice Lynn Hoersch was born in 1950 in Abington, PA to Albert and Alice Hoersch. She moved to Honey Brook, located in Chester County, PA at two-years-old. Hoersch lived in Honey Brook until she finished graduate school in 1977. She attended Honey Brook Elementary School. She graduated as valedictorian from Twin Valley High School in 1968. Hoersch studied geology at Bryn Mawr College, graduating in 1972. She received both her master’s and Ph.D. in metamorphic petrology from Johns Hopkins University in 1974 and 1977, respectively. The same year she obtained her Ph.D., Hoersch began teaching as an ...