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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Mapping Renewal: How An Unexpected Interdisciplinary Collaboration Transformed A Digital Humanities Project, Elise Tanner, Geoffrey Joseph Apr 2021

Mapping Renewal: How An Unexpected Interdisciplinary Collaboration Transformed A Digital Humanities Project, Elise Tanner, Geoffrey Joseph

Digital Initiatives Symposium

Funded by a National Endowment for Humanities (NEH) Humanities Collections and Reference Resources Foundations Grant, the UA Little Rock Center for Arkansas History and Culture’s “Mapping Renewal” pilot project focused on creating access to and providing spatial context to archival materials related to racial segregation and urban renewal in the city of Little Rock, Arkansas, from 1954-1989. An unplanned interdisciplinary collaboration with the UA Little Rock Arkansas Economic Development Institute (AEDI) has proven to be an invaluable partnership. One team member from each department will demonstrate the Mapping Renewal website and discuss how the collaborative process has changed and ...


Hierarchical And Adaptive Filter And Refinement Algorithms For Geometric Intersection Computations On Gpu, Yiming Liu Apr 2021

Hierarchical And Adaptive Filter And Refinement Algorithms For Geometric Intersection Computations On Gpu, Yiming Liu

Dissertations (1934 -)

Geometric intersection algorithms are fundamental in spatial analysis in Geographic Information System (GIS). This dissertation explores high performance computing solution for geometric intersection on a huge amount of spatial data using Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). We have developed a hierarchical filter and refinement system for parallel geometric intersection operations involving large polygons and polylines by extending the classical filter and refine algorithm using efficient filters that leverage GPU computing. The inputs are two layers of large polygonal datasets and the computations are spatial intersection on pairs of cross-layer polygons. These intersections are the compute-intensive spatial data analytic kernels in spatial ...


Gis Data: Anne Arundel County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi Jan 2021

Gis Data: Anne Arundel County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi

Data

These shoreline inventory files have been generated to support the application of the Living Shoreline Suitability Model (LSSM), developed by the Center for Coastal Resources Management (CCRM), Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS), to enhance and streamline regulatory decision making in Maryland. This shoreline inventory includes all the features needed as inputs to run the LSSM.

The data developed for the Shoreline Inventory is based on a three-tiered shoreline assessment approach. This assessment characterizes conditions by using observations made remotely at the desktop using high resolution imagery. The three-tiered shoreline assessment approach divides the shorezone into three regions:

1) the ...


Gis Data: Talbot County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi Jan 2021

Gis Data: Talbot County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi

Data

These shoreline inventory files have been generated to support the application of the Living Shoreline Suitability Model (LSSM), developed by the Center for Coastal Resources Management (CCRM), Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS), to enhance and streamline regulatory decision making in Maryland. This shoreline inventory includes all the features needed as inputs to run the LSSM.

The data developed for the Shoreline Inventory is based on a three-tiered shoreline assessment approach. This assessment characterizes conditions by using observations made remotely at the desktop using high resolution imagery. The three-tiered shoreline assessment approach divides the shorezone into three regions:

1) the ...


Gis Data: Calvert County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi Jan 2021

Gis Data: Calvert County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi

Data

These shoreline inventory files have been generated to support the application of the Living Shoreline Suitability Model (LSSM), developed by the Center for Coastal Resources Management (CCRM), Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS), to enhance and streamline regulatory decision making in Maryland. This shoreline inventory includes all the features needed as inputs to run the LSSM.

The data developed for the Shoreline Inventory is based on a three-tiered shoreline assessment approach. This assessment characterizes conditions by using observations made remotely at the desktop using high resolution imagery. The three-tiered shoreline assessment approach divides the shorezone into three regions:

1) the ...


Gis Data: Dorchester County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi Jan 2021

Gis Data: Dorchester County, Maryland - Shoreline Inventory Data 2020, Karinna Nunez, Marcia Berman, Sharon Killeen, Jessica Hendricks, Tamia Rudnicky, Catherine Riscassi

Data

These shoreline inventory files have been generated to support the application of the Living Shoreline Suitability Model (LSSM), developed by the Center for Coastal Resources Management (CCRM), Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS), to enhance and streamline regulatory decision making in Maryland. This shoreline inventory includes all the features needed as inputs to run the LSSM.

The data developed for the Shoreline Inventory is based on a three-tiered shoreline assessment approach. This assessment characterizes conditions by using observations made remotely at the desktop using high resolution imagery. The three-tiered shoreline assessment approach divides the shorezone into three regions:

1) the ...


Spatial Analysis Of Big Data Industrial Agglomeration And Development In China, Yanru Lu, Kai Cao Jan 2021

Spatial Analysis Of Big Data Industrial Agglomeration And Development In China, Yanru Lu, Kai Cao

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Nowadays, our daily life constantly creates and needs to utilize tremendous amounts of datasets. Fortunately, the technologies of the internet, both in software and hardware, have the capability to transmit, store, and operate big data. With China being the most populous country in the world, developing the big data industry is, therefore, seen as an urgent task. As generating industrial agglomeration is important for forming a mature industry, this study aims to characterize the phenomenon of big data industrial agglomeration in China, and to identify the factors for developing the big data industry using spatial analysis approaches and GIS technology ...


Study On Temporal‐Spatial Variability Of Climatic Factors And Its Influence On Net Primary Production Of Grassland In Inner Mongolia, China, Guogang Zhang, Yumei Kang Nov 2020

Study On Temporal‐Spatial Variability Of Climatic Factors And Its Influence On Net Primary Production Of Grassland In Inner Mongolia, China, Guogang Zhang, Yumei Kang

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Management Effects On Rangelands In Western Usa And Northern Mongolia Using Remote Sensing And Gis, Temuulen Tsagaan Sankey, Keith T. Weber, Corey Moffet Nov 2020

Comparison Of Management Effects On Rangelands In Western Usa And Northern Mongolia Using Remote Sensing And Gis, Temuulen Tsagaan Sankey, Keith T. Weber, Corey Moffet

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Geoinformatics Application To Investigate Agricultural Potential In The Cholistan Desert, Farooq Ahmad Oct 2020

Geoinformatics Application To Investigate Agricultural Potential In The Cholistan Desert, Farooq Ahmad

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Optimal Strategies For Grassland Restoration To Increase Spatial Carrying Capacity Of Florida Sandhill Cranes In Pasco County, Florida, Ibrahim Kaya Oct 2020

Optimal Strategies For Grassland Restoration To Increase Spatial Carrying Capacity Of Florida Sandhill Cranes In Pasco County, Florida, Ibrahim Kaya

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Florida sandhill crane (Antigone canadensis pratensis) is a non-migratory bird species occurring throughout the Florida peninsula and the Okefenokee Swamp in southeastern Georgia. Human land-altering activities have led to a substantial decline in the amount and condition of suitable habitat, including grasslands, for the species in Florida, thereby decreasing the population size significantly. Grasslands located in close proximity to nesting locations are one of the habitat types on which the population viability of the species depends, as they provide foraging and brooding habitat which is crucial for successful reproduction. The purpose of this study is to propose the most ...


Alfalfa Suitability Zone Mapping Using Climatic And Soils Spatial Data And Quantitative Plant Tolerances, David B. Hannaway, Christopher Daly, Michael D. Halbleib, Dan James, Jinbo Shen, Weixing Cao, Xuezheng Shi, Xianglin Li, Yuegao Hu, Liping Feng, Lining Fang Oct 2020

Alfalfa Suitability Zone Mapping Using Climatic And Soils Spatial Data And Quantitative Plant Tolerances, David B. Hannaway, Christopher Daly, Michael D. Halbleib, Dan James, Jinbo Shen, Weixing Cao, Xuezheng Shi, Xianglin Li, Yuegao Hu, Liping Feng, Lining Fang

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Using Gis And Geostatistics To Study Spatial Variation Of Soil Test Phosphorus In Grassland, Weijun Fu, H. Tunney, C. Zhang Oct 2020

Using Gis And Geostatistics To Study Spatial Variation Of Soil Test Phosphorus In Grassland, Weijun Fu, H. Tunney, C. Zhang

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Remote Sensing With Gis And Gps For Monitoring Steppe Degradation, T. Akiyama, K. Kawamura, H. Yokota Oct 2020

Remote Sensing With Gis And Gps For Monitoring Steppe Degradation, T. Akiyama, K. Kawamura, H. Yokota

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Simulation Tools And Pastoral Resources Dynamics In Sahelian Area: The Senegalese Example, Alassane Bah, Ibra Touré, Alexandre Ickowicz, Amadou Tamsir Diop Sep 2020

Simulation Tools And Pastoral Resources Dynamics In Sahelian Area: The Senegalese Example, Alassane Bah, Ibra Touré, Alexandre Ickowicz, Amadou Tamsir Diop

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Changes In Range Condition In The Arid Shrublands Of Western Australia: Application Of Spatialand Temporal Analysis To Long‐Term Monitoring Data, Peter J. Russell, Ian W. Watson, Phil W. E. Thomas, Brien E. Norton Sep 2020

Changes In Range Condition In The Arid Shrublands Of Western Australia: Application Of Spatialand Temporal Analysis To Long‐Term Monitoring Data, Peter J. Russell, Ian W. Watson, Phil W. E. Thomas, Brien E. Norton

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Role Of Remote Sensing And Gis In Forestry, Megha Gupta, Ankita Khare, Srashti Pathak Sep 2020

Role Of Remote Sensing And Gis In Forestry, Megha Gupta, Ankita Khare, Srashti Pathak

International Journal of Computer Science and Informatics

The Earth is constantly under observation from dozens of satellites orbiting the planet and collecting data. They are engaged in something called "remote sensing”: the act of obtaining information about something without being in direct contact with it. Now-a-days the field of Remote Sensing and GIS has become exciting and glamorous with rapidly expanding opportunities. Many organizations spend large amounts of money on these fields. Here the question arises why these fields are so important in recent years. Two main reasons are there behind this. Now-a-days scientists, researchers, students, and even common people are showing great interest for better understanding ...


Snow-Albedo Feedback In Northern Alaska: How Vegetation Influences Snowmelt, Lucas C. Reckhaus Aug 2020

Snow-Albedo Feedback In Northern Alaska: How Vegetation Influences Snowmelt, Lucas C. Reckhaus

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This paper investigates how the snow-albedo feedback mechanism of the arctic is changing in response to rising climate temperatures. Specifically, the interplay of vegetation and snowmelt, and how these two variables can be correlated. This has the potential to refine climate modelling of the spring transition season. Research was conducted at the ecoregion scale in northern Alaska from 2000 to 2020. Each ecoregion is defined by distinct topographic and ecological conditions, allowing for meaningful contrast between the patterns of spring albedo transition across surface conditions and vegetation types. The five most northerly ecoregions of Alaska are chosen as they encompass ...


Land Suitability Analysis For Windfarm Development In Texas, Robert Laszlo Milecz Aug 2020

Land Suitability Analysis For Windfarm Development In Texas, Robert Laszlo Milecz

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to the negative impact on the environment of conventional electric power generation methods, especially coal and oil-fired generating plants, wind power as an alternative for sustainable energy has received more attention in recent years. The purpose of this project was to apply Geographic Information System (GIS), integrated with Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM), for identifying suitable areas for wind turbine applications in Texas. Factors taken into consideration included socioeconomic criteria such as distance to highways, proximity to airports and urban areas, localized environmental criteria such as terrain slope and distance to rivers, affected waterbodies, and wildlife management areas. Also ...


Analysis Of Interdunal Wetlands And Ecosystem Dynamics Using Uas And Obia In Ludington State Park, Michigan, Claire Gilbert Aug 2020

Analysis Of Interdunal Wetlands And Ecosystem Dynamics Using Uas And Obia In Ludington State Park, Michigan, Claire Gilbert

Master's Theses

The Great Lakes sand dunes are the world's largest freshwater dune complex. There is a functional relationship between coastal wetlands and freshwater sand dune, referred to as interdunal wetlands. Interdunal wetland systems are highly dynamic and change dramatically seasonally and annually. Using geographic information systems (GIS) and unoccupied aerial systems (UAS), this thesis project is focused on understanding the spatial distribution of sparse and dense vegetation, and abiotic influence such as distance to coast, slope, and aspect influence interdunal wetland stability within a Great Lakes shoreline dune system. Object-based image analysis (OBIA) classification results extracted meaningful vegetation densities of ...


Utilizing The Public On Public Lands: The Application Of Community Science To Monitor And Model Erosion In National Forests, Jacob L. Hansen Aug 2020

Utilizing The Public On Public Lands: The Application Of Community Science To Monitor And Model Erosion In National Forests, Jacob L. Hansen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Unpaved forest roads are adversely affecting coldwater streams through excessive erosion and the subsequent sedimentation of adjacent waterways. To help identify areas of concern, Trout Unlimited (TU) in the Southern Appalachian region developed a Community Science initiative to gather data on sediment sources and stream-road crossings. Volunteers were recruited and trained to monitor road and trail conditions and collect and submit data using a Survey123 application on their cell phones. Analysis of the contributed data reveals statistical connections between drainage type and both erosion level and stream sedimentation. The contributed data were also included as a calibration for the lite ...


Evaluating Particulate Matter 2.5 In The Yangtze River Delta, Muhammad Abdullah Aug 2020

Evaluating Particulate Matter 2.5 In The Yangtze River Delta, Muhammad Abdullah

MSU Graduate Theses

Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM2.5) is a growing concern in industrialized countries. In China, high concentrations of PM2.5 are causing devastating health and environmental effects for the people living there. Coal-burning for domestic and industrial purposes is the main culprit for decreasing air quality in China. The focus of this paper is on the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) located on the eastern coast of China. Hourly PM2.5 readings from March 2015 to June 2016 were obtained from 125 air quality monitoring stations (AQMS) in 23 cities in the YRD. In this study, PM2 ...


Triple Threat Gateway? Respiratory Health, Demographics And Land Use In Metro East St. Louis, Missouri-Illinois, Usa, Stacey R. Brown-Amilian Jul 2020

Triple Threat Gateway? Respiratory Health, Demographics And Land Use In Metro East St. Louis, Missouri-Illinois, Usa, Stacey R. Brown-Amilian

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

This paper examines a triple threat for residents of two counties in the St. Louis metropolitan area. Previous environmental justice research has focused on demographics and toxic facilities. This research builds upon those assessments by incorporating hospital discharge data and demographics as well as three different types of pollution sources. Air pollution monitors were unavailable to use during the time period of 2009-2011, therefore proxy measures of pollution in the form of major roadways, industrial land use parcels, and toxic facility information from the EPA Toxic Release Inventory are utilized. This study integrates both spatial coincidence and proximity analysis methods ...


Efficient Viewshed Computation Algorithms On Gpus And Cpus, Faisal F. Qarah Jul 2020

Efficient Viewshed Computation Algorithms On Gpus And Cpus, Faisal F. Qarah

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nowadays with the advance in managing and collecting large data, GIS is one of the applications that suffer from lack of efficient data management methods. GIS data often come in form of maps with different types of data such as temperature, topology, and population.

This dissertation focuses on exact-viewsheds computation for large terrains, and due to the poor performance of current exact-viewshed algorithms that may need several hours to process a midsize map, we found the need for new algorithms that are capable of efficiently computing viewshed for large size maps. This work presents a highly-efficient exact-viewshed computation algorithm based ...


Using Historical Maps For Contaminated Site Identification And Prediction, And Environmental Justice Implications: A Case Study In Grand Rapids, Michigan, Dana Heusinkveld Jun 2020

Using Historical Maps For Contaminated Site Identification And Prediction, And Environmental Justice Implications: A Case Study In Grand Rapids, Michigan, Dana Heusinkveld

Master's Theses

As the production of synthetic chemicals has grown in the past centuries to increase production, lower costs, and generally make our lives more convenient, detecting and understanding the environmental impacts of these compounds has lagged significantly behind their mass production and wide-spread use. To combat this trend, sources of these contaminants, especially those that have been removed from the landscape, need to be quickly identified to make mitigation and remediation efforts more effective. In this study, historical Sanborn maps are used to extract and digitize historical site/land use in Grand Rapids during the early 1900s through the practical application ...


Geospatial Applications To Mitigate Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations From Impacting Surface Water Resources, Elias Rex Jun 2020

Geospatial Applications To Mitigate Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations From Impacting Surface Water Resources, Elias Rex

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) offer the ability to meet the rising demands of population growth by housing large amounts of livestock on relatively small areas of land, using medication to accelerate their maturation, and reusing waste products as fertilizers. However, there is a growing abundance of literature related to land use configurations and their effects on water resources, many of which highlight agriculture as a primary contributor of nutrients and fecal bacteria found in surrounding water resources. The purpose of this study is to advance the current knowledge surrounding CAFO land-use and its effect on tributaries within the Cape ...


Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis In Traffic Safety, Amin Azimian, Dimitra Pyrialakou May 2020

Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis In Traffic Safety, Amin Azimian, Dimitra Pyrialakou

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

This paper presents an exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) of road traffic crashes at different severity levels in West Virginia (WV). Although ESDA can support transportation safety decision-making by helping planners understand and summarize crash data, it is underutilized in practice. This paper describes the application of five representative easy-to-use method to identify crash patterns and high crash-risk counties in WV. Analysis of crash data from 2010 to 2015 indicated that traffic crashes in WV were not spatially correlated. However, crash severities were found to be positively correlated.


Statistical Analysis Of Land Cover Conversion Trends In Northwest Ohio, Chaska Mcgowan May 2020

Statistical Analysis Of Land Cover Conversion Trends In Northwest Ohio, Chaska Mcgowan

Honors Projects

Agricultural land in the U.S. is abundant but not infinite. Change in cropland impacts national and local economies and the natural environment. The Black Swamp Conservancy (BSC), a non-profit land trust in Perrysburg, Ohio, is committed to preserving agricultural and natural lands in the Northwest Ohio region for future generations. This project was designed in collaboration with the BSC to illustrate the spatial distribution of land cover change within their sixteen-county service area in Northwest Ohio and to find a list of factors associated with land cover change in the region. The primary data source was the National Land ...


A Novel Approach To Updating Municipal Tax Parcel Impervious Surface Calculations, Patrick Muradaz May 2020

A Novel Approach To Updating Municipal Tax Parcel Impervious Surface Calculations, Patrick Muradaz

Senior Honors Projects, 2020-current

Accurate impervious surface calculations are important to many municipalities due to the high volumes of surface rainwater runoff caused by high impervious surface density. Municipalities must deal with this runoff through the establishment and maintenance of drainage facilities. To help offset the added cost of these facilities, many municipalities impose taxes and fees on privately owned impervious surfaces such as homes, driveways, and patios. Currently, in order for a city like Harrisonburg to calculate tax parcel impervious surface density, aerial images must be manually digitized or mapped using computer-based classification techniques using predictive models. These methods of impervious surface calculations ...


Changes In Land Use Land Cover (Lulc), Surface Water Quality And Modelling Surface Discharge In Beaver Creek Watershed, Northeast Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, Tosin James May 2020

Changes In Land Use Land Cover (Lulc), Surface Water Quality And Modelling Surface Discharge In Beaver Creek Watershed, Northeast Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, Tosin James

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Beaver Creek is an impaired streams that is not supporting its designated use for recreation due to Escherichia coli (E.coli), and sediment. To address this problem, this thesis was divided into two studies.

The first study explored changes in Land Use Land Cover (LULC), and its impact on surface water quality. Changes in E.coli load between 1997-2001 and 2014-2018 were analyzed. Also, Landsat data of 2001, and 2018 were examined in Terrset 18.31. Mann-Whitney test only showed a significant reduction in E.coli for one site. Negative correlation was established between E.coli load, and Developed LULC ...