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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Narrow Na And K Absorption Lines Toward T Tauri Stars: Tracing The Atomic Envelope Of Molecular Clouds, I. Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, M Heyer, E. Rigliaco, L. Hillenbrand, U. Gorti, D. Hollenbach, M. N. Simon Nov 2015

Narrow Na And K Absorption Lines Toward T Tauri Stars: Tracing The Atomic Envelope Of Molecular Clouds, I. Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, M Heyer, E. Rigliaco, L. Hillenbrand, U. Gorti, D. Hollenbach, M. N. Simon

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

We present a detailed analysis of narrow Na I and K I absorption resonance lines toward nearly 40 T Tauri stars in Taurus with the goal of clarifying their origin. The Na I λ5889.95 line is detected toward all but one source, while the weaker K I λ7698.96 line is detected in about two-thirds of the sample. The similarity in their peak centroids and the significant positive correlation between their equivalent widths demonstrate that these transitions trace the same atomic gas. The absorption lines are present toward both disk and diskless young stellar objects, which excludes cold gas ...


Characterizing The Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere Stars Hd 345439 And Hd 23478, J. P. Wisniewski, S. D. Chojnowski, James R. A. Davenport, J. Bartz, J. Pepper, D. G. Whelan, S. S. Eikenberry, J. R. Lomax, S. R. Majewski, N. D. Richardson Sep 2015

Characterizing The Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere Stars Hd 345439 And Hd 23478, J. P. Wisniewski, S. D. Chojnowski, James R. A. Davenport, J. Bartz, J. Pepper, D. G. Whelan, S. S. Eikenberry, J. R. Lomax, S. R. Majewski, N. D. Richardson

Physics & Astronomy

The SDSS III APOGEE survey recently identified two new σ Ori E type candidates, HD 345439 and HD 23478, which are a rare subset of rapidly rotating massive stars whose large (kGauss) magnetic fields confine circumstellar material around these systems. Our analysis of multi-epoch photometric observations of HD 345439 from the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope, Wide Angle Search for Planets, and ASAS surveys reveals the presence of a ~0.7701 day period in each data set, suggesting the system is among the faster known σ Ori E analogs. We also see clear evidence that the strength of Hα, H ...


Probing Stellar Accretion With Mid-Infrared Hydrogen Lines, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Ilaria Pascucci, Gaspard Duchene, Suzan Edwards, D. R. Ardila, C. Grady, Ignacio Imendigutía, Benjamín Montesinos, Gijs D. Mulders, Joan R. Najita, J. Carpenter, Elise Furlan, Uma Gorti, Rowin Meijerink, M. R. Meyer Feb 2015

Probing Stellar Accretion With Mid-Infrared Hydrogen Lines, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Ilaria Pascucci, Gaspard Duchene, Suzan Edwards, D. R. Ardila, C. Grady, Ignacio Imendigutía, Benjamín Montesinos, Gijs D. Mulders, Joan R. Najita, J. Carpenter, Elise Furlan, Uma Gorti, Rowin Meijerink, M. R. Meyer

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

In this paper we investigate the origin of the mid-infrared (IR) hydrogen recombination lines for a sample of 114 disks in different evolutionary stages (full, transitional, and debris disks) collected from the Spitzer archive. We focus on the two brighter H I lines observed in the Spitzer spectra, the H I (7-6) at 12.37 μm and the H I (9-7) at 11.32 μm. We detect the H I (7-6) line in 46 objects, and the H I (9-7) in 11. We compare these lines with the other most common gas line detected in Spitzer spectra, the [Ne II ...


Csi 2264: Characterizing Young Stars In Ngc 2264 With Short-Duration, Periodic Flux Dips In Their Light Curves, John Stauffer, Ann Marie Cody, Pauline Mcginnis, Luisa Rebull, Lynne A. Hillenbrand, Neal. J. Turner, John Carpenter, Peter Plavchan, Sean Carey, Susan Terebey, Maria Morales-Calderon, Silvia H.P. Alencar, Jerome Bouvier, Laura Venuti, Lee Hartmann, Nuria Calvet, Giushi Micela, Ettore Flaccomio, Inseok Song, R. A. Gutermuth, David Barrado, Frederick J. Vrba, Kevin Covey, Debbie Padgett, William Herbst, Edward Gillen, Wladimir Lyra, Marcelo Medeiros Guimaraes, Herve Bouy, Fabio Favata Jan 2015

Csi 2264: Characterizing Young Stars In Ngc 2264 With Short-Duration, Periodic Flux Dips In Their Light Curves, John Stauffer, Ann Marie Cody, Pauline Mcginnis, Luisa Rebull, Lynne A. Hillenbrand, Neal. J. Turner, John Carpenter, Peter Plavchan, Sean Carey, Susan Terebey, Maria Morales-Calderon, Silvia H.P. Alencar, Jerome Bouvier, Laura Venuti, Lee Hartmann, Nuria Calvet, Giushi Micela, Ettore Flaccomio, Inseok Song, R. A. Gutermuth, David Barrado, Frederick J. Vrba, Kevin Covey, Debbie Padgett, William Herbst, Edward Gillen, Wladimir Lyra, Marcelo Medeiros Guimaraes, Herve Bouy, Fabio Favata

Robert A. Gutermuth

We identify nine young stellar objects (YSOs) in the NGC 2264 star-forming region with optical CoRoT light curves exhibiting short-duration, shallow periodic flux dips. All of these stars have infrared excesses that are consistent with their having inner disk walls near the Keplerian co-rotation radius. The repeating photometric dips have FWHMs generally less than 1 day, depths almost always less than 15%, and periods (3 < P < 11 days) consistent with dust near the Keplerian co-rotation period. The flux dips vary considerably in their depth from epoch to epoch, but usually persist for several weeks and, in two cases, were present in data collected in successive years. For several of these stars, we also measure the photospheric rotation period and find that the rotation and dip periods are the same, as predicted by standard "disk-locking" models. We attribute these flux dips to clumps of material in or near the inner disk wall, passing through our line of sight to the stellar photosphere. In some cases, these dips are also present in simultaneous Spitzer IRAC light curves at 3.6 and 4.5 microns. We characterize the properties of these dips, and compare the stars with light curves exhibiting this behavior to other classes of YSOs in NGC 2264. A number of physical mechanisms could locally increase the dust scale height near the inner disk wall, and we discuss several of those mechanisms; the most plausible mechanisms are either a disk warp due to interaction with the stellar magnetic field or dust entrained in funnel-flow accretion columns arising near the inner disk wall.