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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

A Tight Relation Between Spiral Arm Pitch Angle And Protplanetary Disk Mass, Si-Yue Yu, Luis C. Ho, Zhaohuan Zhu May 2019

A Tight Relation Between Spiral Arm Pitch Angle And Protplanetary Disk Mass, Si-Yue Yu, Luis C. Ho, Zhaohuan Zhu

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We use two-dimensional Fourier transformation to measure the pitch angle () of the dominant spiral Fourier mode of well-defined spiral arms in 13 protoplanetary disks, making use of near-infrared scattered-light images of AB Aur, SAO 206462, MWC 758, V1247 Ori, HD 142527, DZ Cha, LkHα 330, and HD 100453, and ALMA millimeter continuum images of Elias 2-27, IM Lup, AS 205, and HT Lup. We find that the measured pitch angle correlates strongly with disk mass (M D ), such that more massive protoplanetary disks have smaller pitch angles, following . Interestingly, four disks with a known companion (HD 142527, HD 100453, AS ...


Kinematic Links And The Coevolution Of Mhd Winds, Jets, And Inner Disks From A High-Resolution Optical [ [Oi] Survey, Andrea Banzatti, Ilaria Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, Min Fang, Uma Gorti, Mario Flock Jan 2019

Kinematic Links And The Coevolution Of Mhd Winds, Jets, And Inner Disks From A High-Resolution Optical [ [Oi] Survey, Andrea Banzatti, Ilaria Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, Min Fang, Uma Gorti, Mario Flock

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

We present a survey of optical [O I] emission at 6300 Å toward 65 T Tauri stars at the spectral resolution of ∼7 km s−1 . Past work identified a highly blueshifted velocity component (HVC) tracing microjets and a less blueshifted low-velocity component (LVC) attributed to winds. We focus here on the LVC kinematics to investigate links between winds, jets, accretion, and disk dispersal. We track the behavior of four types of LVC components: a broad and a narrow component (“BC” and “NC,” respectively) in LVCs that are decomposed into two Gaussians which typically have an HVC, and single-Gaussian LVC ...


The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). I. Motivation, Sample, Calibration, And Overview, Sean M. Andrews, Jane Huang, Laura M. Pérez, Andrea Isella, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Nicolás T. Kurtovic, Viviana V. Guzmán, John M. Carpenter, David J. Wilner, Shangjia Zhang, Zhaohuan Zhu, Tilman Birstiel, Xue-Ning Bai, Myriam Benisty, A. Meredith Hughes, Karin I. Öberg, Luca Ricci Dec 2018

The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). I. Motivation, Sample, Calibration, And Overview, Sean M. Andrews, Jane Huang, Laura M. Pérez, Andrea Isella, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Nicolás T. Kurtovic, Viviana V. Guzmán, John M. Carpenter, David J. Wilner, Shangjia Zhang, Zhaohuan Zhu, Tilman Birstiel, Xue-Ning Bai, Myriam Benisty, A. Meredith Hughes, Karin I. Öberg, Luca Ricci

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We introduce the Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project (DSHARP), one of the initial Large Programs conducted with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The primary goal of DSHARP is to find and characterize substructures in the spatial distributions of solid particles for a sample of 20 nearby protoplanetary disks, using very high resolution (~0 035, or 5 au, FWHM) observations of their 240 GHz (1.25 mm) continuum emission. These data provide a first homogeneous look at the small-scale features in disks that are directly relevant to the planet formation process, quantifying their prevalence, morphologies, spatial scales ...


The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). V. Interpreting Alma Maps Of Protoplanetary Disks In Terms Of A Dust Model, Tilman Birnstiel, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Zhaohuan Zhu, Sean M. Andrews, Xue-Ning Bai, David J. Wilner, John M. Carpenter, Jane Huang, Andrea Isella, Myriam Benisty, Laura M. Pérez, Shangjia Zhang Dec 2018

The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). V. Interpreting Alma Maps Of Protoplanetary Disks In Terms Of A Dust Model, Tilman Birnstiel, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Zhaohuan Zhu, Sean M. Andrews, Xue-Ning Bai, David J. Wilner, John M. Carpenter, Jane Huang, Andrea Isella, Myriam Benisty, Laura M. Pérez, Shangjia Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project (DSHARP) is the largest homogeneous high-resolution (~0 035, or ~5 au) disk continuum imaging survey with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) so far. In the coming years, many more disks will be mapped with ALMA at similar resolution. Interpreting the results in terms of the properties and quantities of the emitting dusty material is, however, a very non-trivial task. This is in part due to the uncertainty in the dust opacities, an uncertainty that is not likely to be resolved any time soon. It is also partly due to the ...


Gaps And Rings In An Alma Survey Of Disks In The Taurus Star-Forming Region, Feng Long, Paola Pinilla, Gregory J. Herczeg, Daniel Harsono, Giovanni Dipierro, Ilaria Pascucci, Nathan Hendler, Marco Tazzari, Enrico Ragusa, Colette Salyk, Suzan Edwards, Giuseppe Lodato, Gerrit Van De Plas, Doug Johnstone, Yao Liu, Yann Boehler, Sylvie Cabrit, Carlo F. Manara, Francois Menard, Gijs D. Mulders, Brunella Nisini, William J. Fischer, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Andrea Banzatti, Henning Avenhaus, Michael Gully-Santiago Dec 2018

Gaps And Rings In An Alma Survey Of Disks In The Taurus Star-Forming Region, Feng Long, Paola Pinilla, Gregory J. Herczeg, Daniel Harsono, Giovanni Dipierro, Ilaria Pascucci, Nathan Hendler, Marco Tazzari, Enrico Ragusa, Colette Salyk, Suzan Edwards, Giuseppe Lodato, Gerrit Van De Plas, Doug Johnstone, Yao Liu, Yann Boehler, Sylvie Cabrit, Carlo F. Manara, Francois Menard, Gijs D. Mulders, Brunella Nisini, William J. Fischer, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Andrea Banzatti, Henning Avenhaus, Michael Gully-Santiago

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

Rings are the most frequently revealed substructure in ALMA dust observations of protoplanetary disks, but their origin is still hotly debated. In this paper, we identify dust substructures in 12 disks and measure their properties to investigate how they form. This subsample of disks is selected from a high-resolution (∼ 0.1200) ALMA 1.33 mm survey of 32 disks in the Taurus star-forming region, which was designed to cover a wide range of sub-mm brightness and to be unbiased to previously known substructures. While axisymmetric rings and gaps are common within our sample, spiral patterns and high contrast azimuthal asymmetries ...


Dust Production And Depletion In Evolved Planetary Systems, J. Farihi, Ted Von Hippel, Rik Van Lieshout, P.W. Cauley, Erik Dennihy, Et Al. Aug 2018

Dust Production And Depletion In Evolved Planetary Systems, J. Farihi, Ted Von Hippel, Rik Van Lieshout, P.W. Cauley, Erik Dennihy, Et Al.

Publications

The infrared dust emission from the white dwarf GD 56 is found to rise and fall by 20 per cent peak-to-peak over 11.2 yr, and is consistent with ongoing dust production and depletion. It is hypothesized that the dust is produced via collisions associated with an evolving dust disc, temporarily increasing the emitting surface of warm debris, and is subsequently destroyed or assimilated within a few years. The variations are consistent with debris that does not change temperature, indicating that dust is produced and depleted within a fixed range of orbital radii. Gas produced in collisions may rapidly re-condense ...


The Alma Early Science View Of Fuor/Exor Objects - V. Continuum Disc Masses And Sizes, Lucas Cieza, Dary Ruiz-Rodriguez, Sebastian Perez, Simon Casassus, Jonathan P. Williams, Alice Zurlo, David A. Principe, Antonio Hales, Jose L. Prieto, John J. Tobin, Zhaohuan Zhu, Sebastian Marino Nov 2017

The Alma Early Science View Of Fuor/Exor Objects - V. Continuum Disc Masses And Sizes, Lucas Cieza, Dary Ruiz-Rodriguez, Sebastian Perez, Simon Casassus, Jonathan P. Williams, Alice Zurlo, David A. Principe, Antonio Hales, Jose L. Prieto, John J. Tobin, Zhaohuan Zhu, Sebastian Marino

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Low-mass stars build a significant fraction of their total mass during short outbursts of enhanced accretion known as FUor and EXor outbursts. FUor objects are characterized by a sudden brightening of ∼5 mag at visible wavelengths within 1 yr and remain bright for decades. EXor objects have lower amplitude outbursts on shorter time-scales. Here we discuss a 1.3 mm Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) mini-survey of eight outbursting sources (three FUors, four EXors, and the borderline object V1647 Ori) in the Orion Molecular Cloud. While previous papers in this series discuss the remarkable molecular outflows observed in the ...


Magnetospherically-Trapped Dust And A Possible Model For The Unusual Transits At Wd1145+017, J. Farihi, Ted Von Hippel, J. E. Pringle Aug 2017

Magnetospherically-Trapped Dust And A Possible Model For The Unusual Transits At Wd1145+017, J. Farihi, Ted Von Hippel, J. E. Pringle

Publications

The rapidly evolving dust and gas extinction observed towardsWD1145+017 has opened a real-time window onto the mechanisms for destruction-accretion of planetary bodies onto white dwarf stars, and has served to underline the importance of considering the dynamics of dust particles around such objects. Here it is argued that the interaction between (charged) dust grains and the stellar magnetic field is an important ingredient in understanding the physical distribution of infrared emitting particles in the vicinity of such white dwarfs. These ideas are used to suggest a possible model for WD 1145+017 in which the unusual transit shapes are ...


Revealing The Structure Of The Outer Disks Of Be Stars, Robert Klement, Anthony C. Carciofi, Thomas Rivinius, Lynn D. Matthews, Rodrigo G. Vieira, Richard Ignace, Jon E. Bjorkman, B. C. Mota, Daniel M. Faes, A. D. Bratcher, M. Cure, Stanislav Stefl May 2017

Revealing The Structure Of The Outer Disks Of Be Stars, Robert Klement, Anthony C. Carciofi, Thomas Rivinius, Lynn D. Matthews, Rodrigo G. Vieira, Richard Ignace, Jon E. Bjorkman, B. C. Mota, Daniel M. Faes, A. D. Bratcher, M. Cure, Stanislav Stefl

ETSU Faculty Works

Context. The structure of the inner parts of Be star disks (≲ 20 stellar radii) is well explained by the viscous decretion disk (VDD) model, which is able to reproduce the observable properties of most of the objects studied so far. The outer parts, on the other hand, are not observationally well-explored, as they are observable only at radio wavelengths. A steepening of the spectral slope somewhere between infrared and radio wavelengths was reported for several Be stars that were previously detected in the radio, but a convincing physical explanation for this trend has not yet been provided.

Aims. We test ...


Narrow Na And K Absorption Lines Toward T Tauri Stars: Tracing The Atomic Envelope Of Molecular Clouds, I. Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, M Heyer, E. Rigliaco, L. Hillenbrand, U. Gorti, D. Hollenbach, M. N. Simon Nov 2015

Narrow Na And K Absorption Lines Toward T Tauri Stars: Tracing The Atomic Envelope Of Molecular Clouds, I. Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, M Heyer, E. Rigliaco, L. Hillenbrand, U. Gorti, D. Hollenbach, M. N. Simon

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

We present a detailed analysis of narrow Na I and K I absorption resonance lines toward nearly 40 T Tauri stars in Taurus with the goal of clarifying their origin. The Na I λ5889.95 line is detected toward all but one source, while the weaker K I λ7698.96 line is detected in about two-thirds of the sample. The similarity in their peak centroids and the significant positive correlation between their equivalent widths demonstrate that these transitions trace the same atomic gas. The absorption lines are present toward both disk and diskless young stellar objects, which excludes cold gas ...


Characterizing The Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere Stars Hd 345439 And Hd 23478, J. P. Wisniewski, S. D. Chojnowski, James R. A. Davenport, J. Bartz, J. Pepper, D. G. Whelan, S. S. Eikenberry, J. R. Lomax, S. R. Majewski, N. D. Richardson Sep 2015

Characterizing The Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere Stars Hd 345439 And Hd 23478, J. P. Wisniewski, S. D. Chojnowski, James R. A. Davenport, J. Bartz, J. Pepper, D. G. Whelan, S. S. Eikenberry, J. R. Lomax, S. R. Majewski, N. D. Richardson

Physics & Astronomy

The SDSS III APOGEE survey recently identified two new σ Ori E type candidates, HD 345439 and HD 23478, which are a rare subset of rapidly rotating massive stars whose large (kGauss) magnetic fields confine circumstellar material around these systems. Our analysis of multi-epoch photometric observations of HD 345439 from the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope, Wide Angle Search for Planets, and ASAS surveys reveals the presence of a ~0.7701 day period in each data set, suggesting the system is among the faster known σ Ori E analogs. We also see clear evidence that the strength of Hα, H ...


Probing Stellar Accretion With Mid-Infrared Hydrogen Lines, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Ilaria Pascucci, Gaspard Duchene, Suzan Edwards, D. R. Ardila, C. Grady, Ignacio Imendigutía, Benjamín Montesinos, Gijs D. Mulders, Joan R. Najita, J. Carpenter, Elise Furlan, Uma Gorti, Rowin Meijerink, M. R. Meyer Feb 2015

Probing Stellar Accretion With Mid-Infrared Hydrogen Lines, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Ilaria Pascucci, Gaspard Duchene, Suzan Edwards, D. R. Ardila, C. Grady, Ignacio Imendigutía, Benjamín Montesinos, Gijs D. Mulders, Joan R. Najita, J. Carpenter, Elise Furlan, Uma Gorti, Rowin Meijerink, M. R. Meyer

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

In this paper we investigate the origin of the mid-infrared (IR) hydrogen recombination lines for a sample of 114 disks in different evolutionary stages (full, transitional, and debris disks) collected from the Spitzer archive. We focus on the two brighter H I lines observed in the Spitzer spectra, the H I (7-6) at 12.37 μm and the H I (9-7) at 11.32 μm. We detect the H I (7-6) line in 46 objects, and the H I (9-7) in 11. We compare these lines with the other most common gas line detected in Spitzer spectra, the [Ne II ...


Evidence Of A Mira-Like Tail And Bow Shock About The Semi-Regular Variable V Cvn From Four Decades Of Polarization Measurements., Hilding Neilson, Richard Ignace, Beverly Smith, Gary Henson, Alyssa Adams Aug 2014

Evidence Of A Mira-Like Tail And Bow Shock About The Semi-Regular Variable V Cvn From Four Decades Of Polarization Measurements., Hilding Neilson, Richard Ignace, Beverly Smith, Gary Henson, Alyssa Adams

ETSU Faculty Works

Polarization is a powerful tool for understanding stellar atmospheres and circumstellar environments. Mira and semi-regular variable stars have been observed for decades and some are known to be polarimetrically variable, however, the semi-regular variable V Canes Venatici displays an unusually large, unexplained amount of polarization. We present ten years of optical polarization observations obtained with the HPOL instrument, supplemented by published observations spanning a total interval of about forty years for V CVn. We find that V CVn shows large polarization variations ranging from 1 - 6%. We also find that for the past forty years the position angle measured for ...


High-Resolution Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Of Hd 100546. Ii. Analysis Of Variable Rovibrational Co Emission Lines, Sean D. Brittain, Joan Najita, John S. Carr, Joseph Liskowsky, Matthew R. Troutman, Greg W. Doppmann Nov 2013

High-Resolution Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Of Hd 100546. Ii. Analysis Of Variable Rovibrational Co Emission Lines, Sean D. Brittain, Joan Najita, John S. Carr, Joseph Liskowsky, Matthew R. Troutman, Greg W. Doppmann

Publications

We present observations of rovibrational CO in HD 100546 from four epochs spanning 2003 January through 2010 December. We show that the equivalent widths of the CO lines vary during this time period with the v = 1–0 CO lines brightening more than the UV fluoresced lines from the higher vibrational states.While the spectroastrometric signal of the hot band lines remains constant during this period, the spectroastrometric signal of the v = 1–0 lines varies substantially. At all epochs, the spectroastrometric signals of the UV fluoresced lines are consistent with the signal one would expect from gas in an ...


High-Resolution Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Of Hd 100546. I. Analysis Of Asymmetric Ro-Vibrational Oh Emission Lines, Joseph Liskowsky, Sean D. Brittain, Joan R. Najita, John S. Carr, Greg W. Doppman, Matthew R. Troutman Nov 2013

High-Resolution Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Of Hd 100546. I. Analysis Of Asymmetric Ro-Vibrational Oh Emission Lines, Joseph Liskowsky, Sean D. Brittain, Joan R. Najita, John S. Carr, Greg W. Doppman, Matthew R. Troutman

Publications

We present observations of ro-vibrational OH and CO emission from the Herbig Be star HD 100546. The emission from both molecules arises from the inner region of the disk extending from approximately 13 AU from the central star. The velocity profiles of the OH lines are narrower than the velocity profile of the [O i] λ6300 line, indicating that the OH in the disk is not cospatial with the Oi. This suggests that the inner optically thin region of the disk is largely devoid of molecular gas. Unlike the ro-vibrational CO emission lines, the OH lines are highly asymmetric. We ...


Accretion Variability Of Herbig Ae/Be Stars Observed By X-Shooter Hd 31648 And Hd 163296, I Mendigutia, Sean D. Brittain, C Eiroa, G Meeus, B Montesinos, A Mora, J Muzerolle, R D. Oudmaijer, E Rigliaco Aug 2013

Accretion Variability Of Herbig Ae/Be Stars Observed By X-Shooter Hd 31648 And Hd 163296, I Mendigutia, Sean D. Brittain, C Eiroa, G Meeus, B Montesinos, A Mora, J Muzerolle, R D. Oudmaijer, E Rigliaco

Publications

This work presents X-Shooter/Very Large Telescope spectra of the prototypical, isolated Herbig Ae stars HD 31648 (MWC 480) and HD 163296 over five epochs separated by timescales ranging from days to months. Each spectrum spans over a wide wavelength range covering from 310 to 2475 nm. We have monitored the continuum excess in the Balmer region of the spectra and the luminosity of 12 ultraviolet, optical, and near-infrared spectral lines that are commonly used as accretion tracers for T Tauri stars. The observed strengths of the Balmer excesses have been reproduced from a magnetospheric accretion shock model, providing a ...


Observations Of Herbig Ae/Be Stars With Herschel/Pacs. The Atomic And Molecular Contents Of Their Protoplanetary Discs, G Meeus, B Montesinos, I Mendigutia, I Kamp, W F. Thi, C Eiroa, C A. Grady, G Mathews, G Sandell, C. Martin-Zaidi, Sean D. Brittain, W.R.F. Dent, C Howard, F Menard, C Pinte, A Roberge, B Vandenbussche, J P. Williams Jun 2012

Observations Of Herbig Ae/Be Stars With Herschel/Pacs. The Atomic And Molecular Contents Of Their Protoplanetary Discs, G Meeus, B Montesinos, I Mendigutia, I Kamp, W F. Thi, C Eiroa, C A. Grady, G Mathews, G Sandell, C. Martin-Zaidi, Sean D. Brittain, W.R.F. Dent, C Howard, F Menard, C Pinte, A Roberge, B Vandenbussche, J P. Williams

Publications

We observed a sample of 20 representative Herbig Ae/Be stars and 5 A-type debris discs with PACS onboard Herschel, as part of the GAS in Protoplanetary Systems (GASPS) project. The observations were done in spectroscopic mode, and cover the far-infrared lines of [O i], [C ii], CO, CH+, H2O, and OH. We have a [Oi] 63 μm detection rate of 100% for the Herbig Ae/Be and 0% for the debris discs. The [Oi] 145 μm line is only detected in 25% and CO J = 18–17 in 45% (and fewer cases for higher J transitions) of the Herbig ...


Critical Differences And Clues In Eta Car's 2009 Event, Andrea Mehner, Kris Davidson, John C. Martin, Roberta M. Humphreys, Kazunori Ishibashi, Gary J. Ferland Oct 2011

Critical Differences And Clues In Eta Car's 2009 Event, Andrea Mehner, Kris Davidson, John C. Martin, Roberta M. Humphreys, Kazunori Ishibashi, Gary J. Ferland

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We monitored Eta Carinae with the Hubble Space Telescope WFPC2 and Gemini GMOS throughout the 2009 spectroscopic event, which was expected to differ from its predecessor in 2003. Here we report major observed differences between events and their implications. Some of these results were quite unexpected. (1) The UV brightness minimum was much deeper in 2009. This suggests that physical conditions in the early stages of an event depend on different parameters than the "normal" inter-event wind. Extra mass ejection from the primary star is one possible cause. (2) The expected He II λ4687 brightness maximum was followed several weeks ...


Dust And The Type Ii-Plateau Supernova 2004dj, W. P. S. P. S. Meikle, R. Kotak, D. Farrah, S. Mattila, S. D. Van Dyk, A. C. Andersen, R. Fesen Apr 2011

Dust And The Type Ii-Plateau Supernova 2004dj, W. P. S. P. S. Meikle, R. Kotak, D. Farrah, S. Mattila, S. D. Van Dyk, A. C. Andersen, R. Fesen

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We present mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy of a Type II-plateau supernova, SN 2004dj, obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope, spanning 106-1393 days after explosion. MIR photometry plus optical/near-IR observations are also reported. An early-time MIR excess is attributed to emission from non-silicate dust formed within a cool dense shell (CDS). Most of the CDS dust condensed between 50 days and 165 days, reaching a mass of 0.3 × 10–5 M . Throughout the observations, much of the longer wavelength (>10 μm) part of the continuum is explained as an IR echo from interstellar dust. The MIR excess strengthened at later ...


Spitzer 24Μm Survey For Dust Disks Around Hot White Dwarfs, You-Hua Chu, Kate Y.L. Su, Jana Bilikova, Robert A. Gruendl, Orsola De Marco, Martin A. Guerrero, Adria Updike, Kevin Volk, Thomas Rauch Jan 2011

Spitzer 24Μm Survey For Dust Disks Around Hot White Dwarfs, You-Hua Chu, Kate Y.L. Su, Jana Bilikova, Robert A. Gruendl, Orsola De Marco, Martin A. Guerrero, Adria Updike, Kevin Volk, Thomas Rauch

Arts & Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Gas In The Protoplanetary Disc Of Hd 169142: Herschel's View, G Meeus, C Pinte, P Woitke, B Montesinos, I Mendigutia, P Riviere-Marichalar, C Eiroa, G S. Mathews, B Vandenbussche, C D. Howard, A Roberge, G Sandell, G Duchene, F Menard, C A. Grady, W.R.F. Dent, I Kamp, J C. Augereau, W F. Thi, I Tilling, J M. Alacid, S Andrews, D R. Ardila, G Aresu, D Barrado, Sean D. Brittain Jul 2010

Gas In The Protoplanetary Disc Of Hd 169142: Herschel's View, G Meeus, C Pinte, P Woitke, B Montesinos, I Mendigutia, P Riviere-Marichalar, C Eiroa, G S. Mathews, B Vandenbussche, C D. Howard, A Roberge, G Sandell, G Duchene, F Menard, C A. Grady, W.R.F. Dent, I Kamp, J C. Augereau, W F. Thi, I Tilling, J M. Alacid, S Andrews, D R. Ardila, G Aresu, D Barrado, Sean D. Brittain

Publications

In an effort to simultaneously study the gas and dust components of the disc surrounding the young Herbig Ae star HD 169142, we present far-IR observations obtained with the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Observatory. This work is part of the open time key program GASPS, which is aimed at studying the evolution of protoplanetary discs. To constrain the gas properties in the outer disc, we observed the star at several key gas-lines, including [OI] 63.2 and 145.5 mum, [CII] 157.7 mum, CO 72.8 and 90.2 mum, and o-H2O 78.7 and 179.5 ...


A Sea Change In Eta Carinae, Andrea Mehner, Kris Davidson, Roberta M. Humphreys, John C. Martin, Kazunori Ishibashi, Gary J. Ferland, Nolan R. Walborn Jul 2010

A Sea Change In Eta Carinae, Andrea Mehner, Kris Davidson, Roberta M. Humphreys, John C. Martin, Kazunori Ishibashi, Gary J. Ferland, Nolan R. Walborn

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Major stellar-wind emission features in the spectrum of η Car have recently decreased by factors of order 2 relative to the continuum. This is unprecedented in the modern observational record. The simplest, but unproven, explanation is a rapid decrease in the wind density.


Herschel Images Of Ngc 6720: H2 Formation On Dust Grain, P. A. M. Van Hoof, G. C. Van De Steene, M. J. Barlow, K. M. Exter, B. Sibthorpe, T. Ueta, V. Peris, M. A. T. Groenewegen, J. A. D. L. Blommaert, M. Cohen, W. De Meester, Gary J. Ferland, W. K. Gear, H. L. Gomez, P. C. Hargrave, E. Huygen, R. J. Ivison, C. Jean, S. J. Leeks, T. L. Lim, G. Olofsson, E. T. Polehampton, S. Regibo, P. Royer, B. M. Swinyard, B. Vandenbussche, H. Van Winckel, C. Waelkens, H. J. Walker, R. Wesson Jul 2010

Herschel Images Of Ngc 6720: H2 Formation On Dust Grain, P. A. M. Van Hoof, G. C. Van De Steene, M. J. Barlow, K. M. Exter, B. Sibthorpe, T. Ueta, V. Peris, M. A. T. Groenewegen, J. A. D. L. Blommaert, M. Cohen, W. De Meester, Gary J. Ferland, W. K. Gear, H. L. Gomez, P. C. Hargrave, E. Huygen, R. J. Ivison, C. Jean, S. J. Leeks, T. L. Lim, G. Olofsson, E. T. Polehampton, S. Regibo, P. Royer, B. M. Swinyard, B. Vandenbussche, H. Van Winckel, C. Waelkens, H. J. Walker, R. Wesson

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Herschel PACS and SPIRE images have been obtained of NGC 6720 (the Ring nebula). This is an evolved planetary nebula with a central star that is currently on the cooling track, due to which the outer parts of the nebula are recombining. From the PACS and SPIRE images we conclude that there is a striking resemblance between the dust distribution and the H2 emission, which appears to be observational evidence that H2 forms on grain surfaces. We have developed a photoionization model of the nebula with the Cloudy code which we used to determine the physical conditions of ...


High-Excitation Emission Lines Near Eta Carinae, And Its Likely Companion Star, Andrea Mehner, Kris Davidson, Gary J. Ferland, Roberta M. Humphreys Feb 2010

High-Excitation Emission Lines Near Eta Carinae, And Its Likely Companion Star, Andrea Mehner, Kris Davidson, Gary J. Ferland, Roberta M. Humphreys

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

In order to study the distribution of gas and ionizing radiation around η Car and their implications for its likely companion star, we have examined high-excitation emission lines of [Ne III], [Fe III], etc., in spectra obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph instrument during 1998-2004. Our principal results, some of them unexpected, are as follows. (1) The high-excitation fluxes varied systematically and non-trivially throughout η Car's 5.5 year spectroscopic cycle. Instead of rising to a plateau after the 1998 ''event,'' they changed continuously with a maximum in mid-cycle. (2) At one significant location a ...


Hst/Nicmos Paschen-Alpha Survey Of The Galactic Centre: Overview, Qd Wang, H Dong, A Cotera, S Stolovy, M Morris, Cc Lang, Mp Muno, G Schneider, D Calzetti Jan 2010

Hst/Nicmos Paschen-Alpha Survey Of The Galactic Centre: Overview, Qd Wang, H Dong, A Cotera, S Stolovy, M Morris, Cc Lang, Mp Muno, G Schneider, D Calzetti

Astronomy Department Faculty Publication Series

We have recently carried out the first wide-field hydrogen Paschen-α line imaging survey of the Galactic Centre using the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) instrument aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. The survey maps out a region of ) around the central supermassive black hole (Sgr A*) in the 1.87 and 1.90 μm narrow bands with a spatial resolution of ∼0.01 pc (0.2 arcsec full width at half-maximum) at a distance of 8 kpc. Here, we present an overview of the observations, data reduction, preliminary results and potential scientific implications, as well as a description of ...


The Nature Of The Ultraluminous Oxygen‐Rich Supernova Remnant In Ngc 4449, Dan Milisavljevic, Robert A. Fesen Apr 2008

The Nature Of The Ultraluminous Oxygen‐Rich Supernova Remnant In Ngc 4449, Dan Milisavljevic, Robert A. Fesen

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

Optical images and spectra, both ground based and taken by Hubble Space Telescope (HST), of the young, luminous O-rich supernova remnant in the irregular galaxy NGC 4449 are presented. HST images of the remnant and its local region were obtained with the ACS/WFC using filters F435W, F555W, F814W (B, V, and I, respectively), F502N ([O III]), F658N (Hα + [N II]), F660N ([N II]), and F550M (line-free continuum). These images show an unresolved remnant (FWHM < 0.05'') located within a rich cluster of OB stars which itself is enclosed by a nearly complete interstellar shell seen best in Hα + [N II] emission approximately 8'' × 6'' (150 pc × 110 pc ) in size. The remnant and its associated OB cluster are isolated from two large nearby H II regions. The ACS ...


The New Class Of Dusty Daz White Dwarfs, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al. Jun 2007

The New Class Of Dusty Daz White Dwarfs, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al.

Publications

Our mid-infrared survey of 124 white dwarfs with the Spitzer Space Telescope and the IRAC imager has revealed an infrared excess associated with the white dwarf WD 2115-560 naturally explained by circumstellar dust. This object is the fourth white dwarf observed to have circumstellar dust. All four are DAZ white dwarfs, i.e., they have both photospheric Balmer lines and photospheric metal lines. We discuss these four objects as a class, which we abbreviate "DAZd," where the "d" stands for "dust." Using an optically thick, geometrically thin disk model analogous to Saturn's rings, we find that the inner disk ...


Warm Gas In The Inner Disks Around Young Intermediate-Mass Stars, Sean D. Brittain, Theodore Simon, Joan R. Najita, Terrence W. Rettig Apr 2007

Warm Gas In The Inner Disks Around Young Intermediate-Mass Stars, Sean D. Brittain, Theodore Simon, Joan R. Najita, Terrence W. Rettig

Publications

The characterization of gas in the inner disks around young stars is of particular interest because of its connection to planet formation. In order to study the gas in inner disks, we have obtained high-resolution K- and M-band spectroscopy of 14 intermediate-mass young stars. In sources that have optically thick inner disks, i.e., E(K-L)>1, our detection rate of the rovibrational CO transitions is 100%, and the gas is thermally excited. Of the five sources that do not have optically thick inner disks, we only detect the rovibrational CO transitions from HD 141569. In this case, we show ...


The Wind‐Ism Interaction Of Α Tauri, Brian E. Wood, Graham M. Harper, Hans-Reinhard Muller, Jacob Heerikhuisen, Gary P. Zank Feb 2007

The Wind‐Ism Interaction Of Α Tauri, Brian E. Wood, Graham M. Harper, Hans-Reinhard Muller, Jacob Heerikhuisen, Gary P. Zank

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

Ultraviolet spectra of α Tau (K5 III) obtained by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) show many emission lines affected by broad absorption from the strong wind of this red giant star. For the Mg II h and k lines there is also a narrow absorption feature in the midst of the wind absorption that has been interpreted as being from α Tau's wind-interstellar medium (ISM) interaction region (i.e., its "astrosphere"). We try to reproduce this absorption using hydrodynamic models of the α Tau astrosphere, which show that stellar wind material heated, compressed, and decelerated at the wind's ...


Dust Stratification In Young Circumstellar Disks, Terrence Rettig, Sean D. Brittain, Theodore Simon, Erika Gibb, Dinshaw S. Balsara, David A. Tilley, Craig Kulesa Jul 2006

Dust Stratification In Young Circumstellar Disks, Terrence Rettig, Sean D. Brittain, Theodore Simon, Erika Gibb, Dinshaw S. Balsara, David A. Tilley, Craig Kulesa

Publications

We present high-resolution infrared spectra of four YSOs (T Tau N, T Tau S, RNO 91, and HL Tau). The spectra exhibit narrow absorption lines of 12CO, 13CO, and C18O, as well as broad emission lines of gas-phase 12CO. The narrow absorption lines of CO are shown to originate from the colder circumstellar gas. We find that the line-of-sight gas column densities resulting from the CO absorption lines are much higher than expected for the measured extinction for each source and suggest the gas/dust ratio is measuring the dust settling and/or grain coagulation in these extended disks. We ...