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Circumstellar matter

Smith College

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Kinematic Links And The Coevolution Of Mhd Winds, Jets, And Inner Disks From A High-Resolution Optical [ [Oi] Survey, Andrea Banzatti, Ilaria Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, Min Fang, Uma Gorti, Mario Flock Jan 2019

Kinematic Links And The Coevolution Of Mhd Winds, Jets, And Inner Disks From A High-Resolution Optical [ [Oi] Survey, Andrea Banzatti, Ilaria Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, Min Fang, Uma Gorti, Mario Flock

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

We present a survey of optical [O I] emission at 6300 Å toward 65 T Tauri stars at the spectral resolution of ∼7 km s−1 . Past work identified a highly blueshifted velocity component (HVC) tracing microjets and a less blueshifted low-velocity component (LVC) attributed to winds. We focus here on the LVC kinematics to investigate links between winds, jets, accretion, and disk dispersal. We track the behavior of four types of LVC components: a broad and a narrow component (“BC” and “NC,” respectively) in LVCs that are decomposed into two Gaussians which typically have an HVC, and single-Gaussian LVC ...


Gaps And Rings In An Alma Survey Of Disks In The Taurus Star-Forming Region, Feng Long, Paola Pinilla, Gregory J. Herczeg, Daniel Harsono, Giovanni Dipierro, Ilaria Pascucci, Nathan Hendler, Marco Tazzari, Enrico Ragusa, Colette Salyk, Suzan Edwards, Giuseppe Lodato, Gerrit Van De Plas, Doug Johnstone, Yao Liu, Yann Boehler, Sylvie Cabrit, Carlo F. Manara, Francois Menard, Gijs D. Mulders, Brunella Nisini, William J. Fischer, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Andrea Banzatti, Henning Avenhaus, Michael Gully-Santiago Dec 2018

Gaps And Rings In An Alma Survey Of Disks In The Taurus Star-Forming Region, Feng Long, Paola Pinilla, Gregory J. Herczeg, Daniel Harsono, Giovanni Dipierro, Ilaria Pascucci, Nathan Hendler, Marco Tazzari, Enrico Ragusa, Colette Salyk, Suzan Edwards, Giuseppe Lodato, Gerrit Van De Plas, Doug Johnstone, Yao Liu, Yann Boehler, Sylvie Cabrit, Carlo F. Manara, Francois Menard, Gijs D. Mulders, Brunella Nisini, William J. Fischer, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Andrea Banzatti, Henning Avenhaus, Michael Gully-Santiago

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

Rings are the most frequently revealed substructure in ALMA dust observations of protoplanetary disks, but their origin is still hotly debated. In this paper, we identify dust substructures in 12 disks and measure their properties to investigate how they form. This subsample of disks is selected from a high-resolution (∼ 0.1200) ALMA 1.33 mm survey of 32 disks in the Taurus star-forming region, which was designed to cover a wide range of sub-mm brightness and to be unbiased to previously known substructures. While axisymmetric rings and gaps are common within our sample, spiral patterns and high contrast azimuthal asymmetries ...


Narrow Na And K Absorption Lines Toward T Tauri Stars: Tracing The Atomic Envelope Of Molecular Clouds, I. Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, M Heyer, E. Rigliaco, L. Hillenbrand, U. Gorti, D. Hollenbach, M. N. Simon Nov 2015

Narrow Na And K Absorption Lines Toward T Tauri Stars: Tracing The Atomic Envelope Of Molecular Clouds, I. Pascucci, Suzan Edwards, M Heyer, E. Rigliaco, L. Hillenbrand, U. Gorti, D. Hollenbach, M. N. Simon

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

We present a detailed analysis of narrow Na I and K I absorption resonance lines toward nearly 40 T Tauri stars in Taurus with the goal of clarifying their origin. The Na I λ5889.95 line is detected toward all but one source, while the weaker K I λ7698.96 line is detected in about two-thirds of the sample. The similarity in their peak centroids and the significant positive correlation between their equivalent widths demonstrate that these transitions trace the same atomic gas. The absorption lines are present toward both disk and diskless young stellar objects, which excludes cold gas ...


Probing Stellar Accretion With Mid-Infrared Hydrogen Lines, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Ilaria Pascucci, Gaspard Duchene, Suzan Edwards, D. R. Ardila, C. Grady, Ignacio Imendigutía, Benjamín Montesinos, Gijs D. Mulders, Joan R. Najita, J. Carpenter, Elise Furlan, Uma Gorti, Rowin Meijerink, M. R. Meyer Feb 2015

Probing Stellar Accretion With Mid-Infrared Hydrogen Lines, Elisabetta Rigliaco, Ilaria Pascucci, Gaspard Duchene, Suzan Edwards, D. R. Ardila, C. Grady, Ignacio Imendigutía, Benjamín Montesinos, Gijs D. Mulders, Joan R. Najita, J. Carpenter, Elise Furlan, Uma Gorti, Rowin Meijerink, M. R. Meyer

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

In this paper we investigate the origin of the mid-infrared (IR) hydrogen recombination lines for a sample of 114 disks in different evolutionary stages (full, transitional, and debris disks) collected from the Spitzer archive. We focus on the two brighter H I lines observed in the Spitzer spectra, the H I (7-6) at 12.37 μm and the H I (9-7) at 11.32 μm. We detect the H I (7-6) line in 46 objects, and the H I (9-7) in 11. We compare these lines with the other most common gas line detected in Spitzer spectra, the [Ne II ...


Going Slitless: Images Of Forbidden Line Emission Regions Of Classical T Tauri Stars Observed With The Hubble Space Telescope, Patrick Hartigan, Suzan Edwards, Rachel Pierson Jul 2004

Going Slitless: Images Of Forbidden Line Emission Regions Of Classical T Tauri Stars Observed With The Hubble Space Telescope, Patrick Hartigan, Suzan Edwards, Rachel Pierson

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

We have observed five classical T Tauri stars known to have strong forbidden-line emission with STIS in slitless mode on the Hubble Space Telescope. This technique makes it possible to image jets within a few tens of AU of their exciting sources, a region of great interest for models of accretion disks and jets. Slitless images generate emission-line images at all wavelengths, including those where no narrowband filters exist. Images of the forbidden-line regions around each object, constructed by subtracting the stellar continuum and combining observations taken at different orientations, show [O I] jets from CW Tau, HN Tau, UZ ...


Helium Emission From Classical T Tauri Stars: Dual Origin In Magnetospheric Infall And Hot Wind, Georgina Beristain, Suzan Edwards, John Kwan Apr 2001

Helium Emission From Classical T Tauri Stars: Dual Origin In Magnetospheric Infall And Hot Wind, Georgina Beristain, Suzan Edwards, John Kwan

Astronomy: Faculty Publications

High-resolution emission-line profiles of He I and He II in 31 classical T Tauri stars are analyzed with the aim of probing the environs of the star-disk interface in accreting low-mass young stars. The diagnostic power of the helium lines lies in their high-excitation potentials, which restrict their formation to a region either of high temperature or close proximity to a source of ionizing radiation. The He I profiles are decomposed into kinematic components that support the paradigm of magnetically controlled accretion from the disk onto the stellar surface but also require a significant contribution from a hot wind. A ...