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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

1886 - Physical Data And Statistics Of California Jan 2019

1886 - Physical Data And Statistics Of California

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

A reporting of water supply and related data collected in accordance with the law of 1878, creating the office of and defining the duties of the State Engineer, and upon which to base reports on the problems of irrigation and arterial drainage in California.


1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman Jan 2019

1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman

Miscellaneous Monterey and San Luis Obispo County Documents and Reports

Prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils, this report addresses the conditions found in the Lower Salinas Valley of Monterey County, California in 1901, including the development of agriculture, climate, geology, soil types, cultivation, irrigation. groundwater, and alkali found in the soil.


1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman Jan 2019

1901 - Soil Survey Of The Lower Salinas Valley California, Macy H. Lapham And W. H. Heileman

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

Prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soils, this report addresses the conditions found in the Lower Salinas Valley of Monterey County, California in 1901, including the development of agriculture, climate, geology, soil types, cultivation, irrigation. groundwater, and alkali found in the soil.


1913 - Water Resources Of California, Part Iii, Water-Supply Paper 300 Jan 2019

1913 - Water Resources Of California, Part Iii, Water-Supply Paper 300

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

The water available for irrigation and domestic supply was the chief factor in the development of southern California, which then had a population of more than 1,000,000 people. The many mountain streams of California afforded abundant hydroelectric power, the utilization of which in manufacturing enterprises and in transportation had been made possible by the progress of electric-power transmission during the previous decade.

Information concerning the quantity of water carried by the streams had been and would continue to be an important factor in the development of these resources, for the fundamental importance of stream-flow data was so thoroughly ...


1920 - Irrigation Of Twelve Million Acres In The Valley Of California; Robert Bradford Marshall Jan 2019

1920 - Irrigation Of Twelve Million Acres In The Valley Of California; Robert Bradford Marshall

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

By 1920, California's potential wealth in land reached into billions of dollars; 12,000,000 acres of available agricultural lands remained practically untouched. Marshall proposed a large plan that would make the Valley of California the world's greatest garden. The engineering plans for such a project must be comprehensive, for their execution must not only assure the complete reclamation of 12,000,000 acres of valley lands but must also effectively and forever control the river floods and insure safe and continuous river navigation throughout the year. The hydro-electric current generated along most of the streams would furnish ...


1921 - Petroleum Resources Of California, Bulletin 89 Jan 2019

1921 - Petroleum Resources Of California, Bulletin 89

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

By 1921, the increasing demand for petroleum and its products, and the inability of production to keep pace with requirements, for several years, resulted in widespread prospecting throughout the world for possible new oil fields. In California, "wild-cat" wells were being drilled in many localities, some of them in places where even a cursory inspection of the geology would tell the futility of looking for oil. This report aimed to furnish information as to the unfavorable as well as the favorable areas of development of additional petroleum resources in California. The purpose of the report was to briefly take stock ...


1923 - Flow In California Streams, Bulletin No. 5, Appendix A, Report To The Legislature Jan 2019

1923 - Flow In California Streams, Bulletin No. 5, Appendix A, Report To The Legislature

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

The legislature of 1921 appropriated $200,000 for an investigation of California's water resources by the State Department of Public Works, Division of Engineering and Irrigation. Accordingly, an engineering investigation was completed and a report on California's water resources transmitted to the legislature on January 1, 1923. The report addresses the geology, precipitation and run-off in California.


1929 - California Irrigation Districts, Bulletin No. 21 Jan 2019

1929 - California Irrigation Districts, Bulletin No. 21

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

The investigation is an enlargement of a study outlined February, 1926, by the late state engineer, Wilbur F. McClure, and cooperating agencies. Work on the project was suspended in 1927 but was resumed early in 1928 at the request of the California Economic Research Council, whose committee on irrigation economics prepared the schedule used in the field investigation.

An earlier report on this subject by the same author covered the situation up to 1915, and was published as Bulletin 2 of the State Department of Engineering. This report, together with Bulletin 2, presented the most complete information it had been ...


1994 - Agriculture, Water And California's Drought Of 1987-92, Kenneth W. Umbach.Pdf Jan 2019

1994 - Agriculture, Water And California's Drought Of 1987-92, Kenneth W. Umbach.Pdf

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

The purpose of this paper was to summarize the 1987-1992 drought in the context of agriculture and water in California, to examine the types of response that farmers and institutions could and did use, and to draw lessons from that experience. California would be challenged as it grappled with population growth and environmental concerns. In view of the demand on water supplies made by California's agricultural sector (77 to 80 percent of the "developed" water used in the state, it was especially important to review those responses.


2013 - Discussion Draft - Groundwater Workplan Concept Paper Jan 2019

2013 - Discussion Draft - Groundwater Workplan Concept Paper

Miscellaneous Documents and Reports

California work plan that aligns groundwater protection efforts, the ongoing actions of other entities with groundwater management responsibilities, and potential actions that the Water Boards. Effective groundwater management is necessary to ensure groundwater quality and quantity is maintained at sustainable levels that support beneficial uses of water over the long-term.


Joint Determination Of Residential Relocation And Commuting: A Forecasting Experiment For Sustainable Land Use And Transportation Planning, Jaewon Lim, Jae Hong Kim Jan 2019

Joint Determination Of Residential Relocation And Commuting: A Forecasting Experiment For Sustainable Land Use And Transportation Planning, Jaewon Lim, Jae Hong Kim

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

This article applies matrix forecasting methods to the investigation of residential relocation and commuting patterns that are highly interconnected, but often analyzed separately. More specifically, using recent inter-county migration and commuting pattern data for the three largest metropolitan areas in California, it examines how residential relocation and commuting are associated in the regions and whether a unified framework—in which household relocation and commuting flow matrices are jointly determined—can improve the forecasting performance. The relocation–commuting association is found to differ substantially by region, suggesting the importance of region-specific factors in shaping the interrelationship. Joint forecasting, however, can attain ...


1998 - 2030 Land Use And Water Needs Conditions Dec 2018

1998 - 2030 Land Use And Water Needs Conditions

Miscellaneous Monterey and San Luis Obispo County Documents and Reports

Documentation of the methodology and data used to estimate the land use, M&I water needs, and pumped agricultural water under the 2030 conditions. One of the primary goals of the Salinas River Basin Management Plan (BMP) is to meet the agricultural, and municipal and industrial water needs of the Valley under the existing conditions (1995 level of development) as well as, under the future conditions (2030 level of development), while stopping the seawater intrusion and balancing the hydrologic conditions in the basin. In order to meet the 2030 water needs, a reasonable estimate of land use and water use conditions is required.

The major sources used to develop the future land use and water use estimates are as follows: MCWRA Ground Water Extraction Management System; MCWRA GIS Land Use Coverage; Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments and Salinas Valley Integrated Ground and Surface Water Model


2013 - Greater Monterey County Integrated Regional Water Management - Disadvantaged Community And Tribal Needs Assessment Dec 2018

2013 - Greater Monterey County Integrated Regional Water Management - Disadvantaged Community And Tribal Needs Assessment

Miscellaneous Monterey and San Luis Obispo County Documents and Reports

A 2013 Disadvantaged Community and Tribal Needs Assessment as they relate to water management in the Greater Monterey County Integrated Regional Water Management process in the planning region thus informing future project development.


Impacts Of Pacific Ssts On Atmospheric Circulations Leading To California Winter Precipitation Variability: A Diagnostic Modeling, Boksoon Myoung, Sang-Wook Yeh, Jinwon Kim, Menas Kafatos Nov 2018

Impacts Of Pacific Ssts On Atmospheric Circulations Leading To California Winter Precipitation Variability: A Diagnostic Modeling, Boksoon Myoung, Sang-Wook Yeh, Jinwon Kim, Menas Kafatos

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

One of the primary meteorological causes of the winter precipitation deficits and droughts in California (CA) is anomalous developments and maintenance of upper-tropospheric ridges over the northeastern Pacific. In order to understand and find the key factors controlling the winter precipitation variability in CA, the present study examines two dominant atmospheric modes of the 500 hPa geopotential height in the Northern Hemisphere using an Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) and their associated large-scale circulation patterns for the last 41 winters (1974/75–2014/15). Explaining 17.5% of variability, the second mode (EOF2) shows strong anti-cyclonic circulations in the North Pacific ...


Overpumping Leads To California Groundwater Arsenic Threat, Ryan G. Smith, Rosemary Knight, Scott Fendorf Aug 2018

Overpumping Leads To California Groundwater Arsenic Threat, Ryan G. Smith, Rosemary Knight, Scott Fendorf

Ryan G. Smith

Water resources are being challenged to meet domestic, agricultural, and industrial needs. To complement finite surface water supplies that are being stressed by changes in precipitation and increased demand, groundwater is increasingly being used. Sustaining groundwater use requires considering both water quantity and quality. A unique challenge for groundwater use, as compared with surface water, is the presence of naturally occurring contaminants within aquifer sediments, which can enter the water supply. Here we find that recent groundwater pumping, observed through land subsidence, results in an increase in aquifer arsenic concentrations in the San Joaquin Valley of California. By comparison, historic ...


Temperaments And Learning Styles Vs. Academic Performance Of First-Semester Physics Students, Shel Randall Jul 2018

Temperaments And Learning Styles Vs. Academic Performance Of First-Semester Physics Students, Shel Randall

Shel Randall

Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective quantitative correlational study was to determine the relationship of student temperament (as measured by the online Jung Typology Test) and learning styles (as measured by the Felder-Soloman Index of Learning Styles) to academic performance of first-semester physics students while enrolled in a Sierra Community College Physics Department course during the 2014 – 2016 school years
Methodology: This is a retrospective quantitative correlational study of the relationship between student personality information self-reported by survey and student performance as measured by semester grades. The historical survey data consists of results from two online assessments: the JTT (measuring ...


Automating Wetland Prioritization Analyses Using Gis, Blythe Hawley Spendlove Jul 2018

Automating Wetland Prioritization Analyses Using Gis, Blythe Hawley Spendlove

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

In environmental and conservation fields, managers and other decision makers need to prioritize their efforts to specific areas using multiple-criteria decision analysis, to maximize environmental protection given limitations of budget and time. However, creating these prioritization models requires a combination of both scientific and technical skills, and many of those with the expertise to create scientifically sound prioritization models have limited time to devote to the technical aspects of the analysis. There was a need to automate this analysis process to enable scientists and other decision makers to quickly repeat analyses with different criteria and compare the results.

This project ...


Durmid Ladder Structure And Its Implications For The Nucleation Sites Of The Next M >7.5 Earthquake On The San Andreas Fault Or Brawley Seismic Zone In Southern California, Susanne U. Jänecke, Daniel K. Markowski, James P. Evans, Patricia Persaud, Miles Kenney Jun 2018

Durmid Ladder Structure And Its Implications For The Nucleation Sites Of The Next M >7.5 Earthquake On The San Andreas Fault Or Brawley Seismic Zone In Southern California, Susanne U. Jänecke, Daniel K. Markowski, James P. Evans, Patricia Persaud, Miles Kenney

Geology Faculty Publications

We integrated new geologic data with published geophysical data to document that the southernmost San Andreas fault zone, onshore of the Salton Sea, southern California, is a transpressional, 1–4-km-wide ladder-like structure. This newly identified Durmid ladder structure is a voluminous right-reverse fault zone that broadens across Durmid Hill around rotating domains of regularly spaced, left- and right- lateral cross faults. The active East Shoreline fault zone of the San Andreas fault forms the southwest margin of this fault zone, and it is generally parallel to the main strand of the San Andreas fault zone for >30 km, deforms Pliocene ...


Overpumping Leads To California Groundwater Arsenic Threat, Ryan G. Smith, Rosemary Knight, Scott Fendorf Jun 2018

Overpumping Leads To California Groundwater Arsenic Threat, Ryan G. Smith, Rosemary Knight, Scott Fendorf

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Water resources are being challenged to meet domestic, agricultural, and industrial needs. To complement finite surface water supplies that are being stressed by changes in precipitation and increased demand, groundwater is increasingly being used. Sustaining groundwater use requires considering both water quantity and quality. A unique challenge for groundwater use, as compared with surface water, is the presence of naturally occurring contaminants within aquifer sediments, which can enter the water supply. Here we find that recent groundwater pumping, observed through land subsidence, results in an increase in aquifer arsenic concentrations in the San Joaquin Valley of California. By comparison, historic ...


Causal Fire Relationships In Sonoma County & Identification Of Suitable Fire Management Strategies, Allison Howlett May 2018

Causal Fire Relationships In Sonoma County & Identification Of Suitable Fire Management Strategies, Allison Howlett

Master's Projects and Capstones

Acknowledging recent wildfires that have set historic fire size records in both Northern and Southern California, it is important to understand what impacts can be expected and how variations in regional characteristics can influence fire severity. Combining a long history of droughts alongside periodic rain events this paper considers the causal fire relationships and fire management strategies necessary for implementation for future fire size and fire severity reduction in Sonoma County. Throughout this paper a subset of questions are answered regarding fire severity, precipitation, erosion and sediment response. Methods include the examination of peer-reviewed articles and grey sources to identify ...


Santa Clara Magazine, Volume 59 Number 1, Spring 2018, Santa Clara University Apr 2018

Santa Clara Magazine, Volume 59 Number 1, Spring 2018, Santa Clara University

Santa Clara Magazine

22 - Trust Me After decades of declining trust in journalism, here’s some good news. Introducing the Trust Project. By Steven Boyd Saum and Deborah Lohse. Illustrations by Franziska Barczyk. 28 - Nobel Beginnings Santa Clara Professor Hersh Shefrin, fellow economist Richard Thaler, and the beginning of the fight to have behavioral economics taken seriously. There was yelling involved. By Deborah Lohse. Illustrations by Paul Blow. 32 - Aftermath of Disaster When fire or flood, wind or tremor strikes, what do you make of what’s been lost? How do you help others put their lives back together? Stories from the Wine ...


California Rushes In—Keeping Water Instream For Fisheries Without Federal Law, Paul Stanton Kibel Feb 2018

California Rushes In—Keeping Water Instream For Fisheries Without Federal Law, Paul Stanton Kibel

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Pollinator Power: Supporting Bees Through Ecoregion Specific Planting Guides, Maya Thomas Jan 2018

Pollinator Power: Supporting Bees Through Ecoregion Specific Planting Guides, Maya Thomas

Scripps Senior Theses

The pollination of flowering crops by bees is an invaluable ecosystem service that supports biodiversity and much of the global agricultural system. Pollinators move pollen between the male structures of a plant to the female structures of a plant of the same species. This fertilizes the female plant, which then produces the next generation. This process also provides the pollinator with the nectar or pollen it needs to survive. While some plants transfer pollen through different means, the majority of plants need help from pollinators to reproduce. Depending on the means of pollination, pollination can be classified as abiotic or ...


Remediation Strategies For Mercury Contaminated Lakes And Reservoirs Within The State Of California, Emily Chortek Dec 2017

Remediation Strategies For Mercury Contaminated Lakes And Reservoirs Within The State Of California, Emily Chortek

Master's Projects and Capstones

Mercury is an environmental and public health concern due to its neurodegenerative effects and ubiquitous concentration within the environment. To mitigate these risks and reduce concentrations within the environment, remediation methods are necessary. The purpose of this paper is to investigate and evaluate the efficacy of a number of remediation options for mercury contaminated lakes and reservoirs in the State of California. This paper also identifies a number of challenges associated with the implementation of each method and provides recommendations for environmental managers to use when remediating mercury contaminated lakes. Hypolimnetic oxygenation (HOS) was found to be the least problematic ...


Protecting And Maintaining Silicon Valley’S Liquid Gold, Paul Mark Fulcher Dec 2017

Protecting And Maintaining Silicon Valley’S Liquid Gold, Paul Mark Fulcher

Master's Projects

Public sector leaders and decision makers in the California water industry have learned from previous severe drought conditions that to sustain water supplies during extremely dry seasons, there is a substantial need for behavioral changes associated with water conservation efforts among the businesses and residents of the community to maintain an adequate water supply. The intent of this study is to compare four California water agencies that have been designated as sustainable groundwater agencies (GSA), and determine what current programs and/or practices those agencies are using to meet the mandated requirements of the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act of 2014 ...


2017, October - Recommendations To Address The Expansion Of Seawater Intrusion In The Salinas Valley Groundwater Basin Oct 2017

2017, October - Recommendations To Address The Expansion Of Seawater Intrusion In The Salinas Valley Groundwater Basin

Monterey County Water Resources Agency Engineering Reports

This report provides a discussion of the current knowledge and related background information surrounding seawater intrusion pathways and potential impacts thereof on the Salinas Valley Groundwater Basin. The report also serves as a body of evidence to catalogue the findings used to support the six recommendations presented. Each recommendation can be implemented on its own or in concert with the others, and the relative importance of each is discussed individually in this report. However, the recommendations are conceptualized as a comprehensive solution that, along with continued operation of projects that have been constructed for the same purpose, have the strongest ...


The Diseños Project: A Geospatial Visualization Of The Environmental History Of California, 1769-1892, Rubén Mendoza Oct 2017

The Diseños Project: A Geospatial Visualization Of The Environmental History Of California, 1769-1892, Rubén Mendoza

Rubén Mendoza

No abstract provided.


Santa Clara Magazine, Volume 58 Number 4, Fall 2017, Santa Clara University Oct 2017

Santa Clara Magazine, Volume 58 Number 4, Fall 2017, Santa Clara University

Santa Clara Magazine

18 - Time for a Big Shift We work and save for decades. And then what? A behavioral finance expert writes about the tough transition many face. By Meir Statman. Illustrations by Hanna Barczyk. 22 - What We Owe At the very least: stories that capture the contour of a life. A Pulitzer Prize– winning reporter on tales of human strife and resilience. By Tatiana Sanchez ’10. 28 - The Most Important Lawsuit on the Planet It was first filed against the Obama administration and draws on decades of government records. It seeks no monetary damages. But advocates and critics alike agree that ...


2017, October - Recommendations To Address The Expansion Of Seawater Intrusion In The Salinas Valley Groundwater Basin Sep 2017

2017, October - Recommendations To Address The Expansion Of Seawater Intrusion In The Salinas Valley Groundwater Basin

Monterey County Water Resources Agency Water Reports

This report provides a discussion of the current knowledge and related background information surrounding seawater intrusion pathways and potential impacts thereof on the Salinas Valley Groundwater Basin. The report also serves as a body of evidence to catalogue the findings used to support the six recommendations presented. Each recommendation can be implemented on its own or in concert with the others, and the relative importance of each is discussed individually in this report. However, the recommendations are conceptualized as a comprehensive solution that, along with continued operation of projects that have been constructed for the same purpose, have the strongest ...


The Demographic Drivers Of California’S Environmental Voting, Lukas Yasuda Jul 2017

The Demographic Drivers Of California’S Environmental Voting, Lukas Yasuda

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

This study examines the demographics of California’s 53 congressional districts and the relationship with the voting patterns on three environmentally focused propositions in the 2008 and 2010 elections. Previous literature on the topic is mixed as some studies suggest that select attributes are found among environmental voting centers, yet other research describes the relationship as more complex than simple characteristics. Previous literature on the topic is mixed, with some studies suggesting that select attributes are found among environmental vote support hubs, whereas alternative research suggests the problem is more complex than simple characteristics. I collected data on income, education ...