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2005

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Afci Quarterly Input – Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2005, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division Dec 2005

Afci Quarterly Input – Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2005, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division

Transmutation Research Program Reports (TRP)

Quarterly report highlighting research projects, activities and objectives of the Transmutation Research Program at the Nuclear Science & Technology Division, Harry Reid Research Center.

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas supports the AFCI through research and development of technologies for economic and environmentally sound refinement of spent nuclear fuel. The UNLV program has four components: infrastructure, international collaboration, student-based research, and management and program support.


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Vegetation Monitoring

Executive Summary

  • Required reports on sticky buckwheat (Eriogonum viscidulum) and threecorner milkvetch (Astragalus geyeri var. triquetrus) to be submitted through appropriate protocols by December 30, 2005
  • Summary report on several other rare plants to be submitted through appropriate protocols by December 30, 2005
  • Invasive perennial pepperweed (also called tall whitetop; Lepidium latifolium) documented and treated by Weed Sentry within Black Canyon, Lake Mojave


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Wildlife Monitoring

  • Topsoil replacement monitored at Willow Beach Wastewater Rehabilitation Project
  • Desert tortoise surveys and monitoring conducted for Northshore Road reconstruction projects, and desert tortoise training provided to 9 construction contractors.
  • Field work associated with the project to remove desert tortoise radio transmitters from animals on Mormon Mesa completed.
  • Weekly data processing for Desert Bighorn Sheep monitoring associated with the Hoover Dam Bypass Project continued.
  • Fall field surveys for relict leopard frogs completed (11 sites surveyed); last of this year’s head-started animals released; RLFCT meeting held.
  • Work started on a digital database (GIS) of Peregrine falcon observations.
  • Monthly shorebird surveys conducted ...


Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Anti-littering Programs

  • Messaging campaign proposal approved by the federal Land Managers.
  • Invitations sent to potential Community Steering Committee members.
  • Project Manager Doug Joslin appointed to new county-wide Southern Nevada Recycling Advisory Committee.
  • Four public service announcements produced by UNLV students.
  • Contract with the Nevada Division of Forestry (NDF) in progress for prison crew site clean-ups.
  • Plan for agency requests for additional dumpsters and/or roll-offs approved by team.


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program & Cooperative Conservation Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program & Cooperative Conservation Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • Database now contains 1,807 records, a 15% increase over the last quarter.
  • Website activity increased, recording an average of 38,399 hits per month, with an average of 3,537 pages viewed per month.
  • Inaugural interagency volunteer recognition event held October 28, 2005.
  • Interagency training program (phase 1) scheduled for February 2006 (four sessions).
  • Alternative Workforce Survey completed and delivered to National Park Service.


Probabilistic Road Map Sampling Strategies For Multi-Robot Motion Planning, Christopher M. Clark Dec 2005

Probabilistic Road Map Sampling Strategies For Multi-Robot Motion Planning, Christopher M. Clark

Computer Science and Software Engineering

This paper presents a Probabilistic Road Map (PRM) motion planning algorithm to be queried within Dynamic Robot Networks—a multi-robot coordination platform for robots operating with limited sensing and inter-robot communication. First, the Dynamic Robot Networks (DRN) coordination platform is introduced that facilitates centralized robot coordination across ad hoc networks, allowing safe navigation in dynamic, unknown environments. As robots move about their environment, they dynamically form communication networks. Within these networks, robots can share local sensing information and coordinate the actions of all robots in the network. Second, a fast single-query Probabilistic Road Map (PRM) to be called within the ...


Almost Split Morphisms, Preprojective Algebras And Multiplication Maps Of Maximal Rank, Steven P. Diaz, Mark Kleiner Dec 2005

Almost Split Morphisms, Preprojective Algebras And Multiplication Maps Of Maximal Rank, Steven P. Diaz, Mark Kleiner

Mathematics - Faculty Scholarship

With a grading previously introduced by the second-named author, the multiplication maps in the preprojective algebra satisfy a maximal rank property that is similar to the maximal rank property proven by Hochster and Laksov for the multiplication maps in the commutative polynomial ring. The result follows from a more general theorem about the maximal rank property of a minimal almost split morphism, which also yields a quadratic inequality for the dimensions of indecomposable modules involved.


Cu2O(1 1 0) Formation On Co3O4(1 1 0) Induced By Copper Impurity Segregation, S. C. Petitto, Marjorie Langell Dec 2005

Cu2O(1 1 0) Formation On Co3O4(1 1 0) Induced By Copper Impurity Segregation, S. C. Petitto, Marjorie Langell

Marjorie A. Langell Publications

The surface crystal structure of the Co3O4(1 1 0) spinel was characterized by low energy electron diffraction (LEED), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). Well-defined LEED diffraction patterns showed an unreconstructed Co3O4(1 1 0) surface in Type A termination, and XPS and Auger indicated the surface to be stoichiometric with octahedral and tetrahedral cation sites occupied by 3+ and 2+ cations, respectively. The experimental lattice parameters of 8.22 Å ± 0.2 Å and 5.50 Å ± 0.2 Å in the (0 0 1) and (1¯ 1 0 ...


Finite-Dimensional Algebras With Smallest Resolutions Of Simple Modules, Shashidhar Jagadeeshan, Mark Kleiner Dec 2005

Finite-Dimensional Algebras With Smallest Resolutions Of Simple Modules, Shashidhar Jagadeeshan, Mark Kleiner

Mathematics - Faculty Scholarship

Let lamda be an associative ring with identity and with the Jacobson radical r, let mod lamda be the category of finitely generated left lamda-modules, and let lamdaop be the opposite ring of lamda. All modules are left unital modules, and if X is a module then pd X is the projective dimension of X. If lamda is left artinian and M in mod labmda, we denote by P(M) a projective cover of M.


The Mechanism Of Membrane Targeting Of Human Sphingosine Kinase 1, Robert V. Stahelin, Jeong H. Hwang, Jin-Hahn Kim, Zee-Yong Park, Korey R. Johnson, Lina M. Obeid, Wonhwa Cho Dec 2005

The Mechanism Of Membrane Targeting Of Human Sphingosine Kinase 1, Robert V. Stahelin, Jeong H. Hwang, Jin-Hahn Kim, Zee-Yong Park, Korey R. Johnson, Lina M. Obeid, Wonhwa Cho

Faculty Publications & Research

Sphingosine 1-phosphate is a bioactive sphingolipid that regu- lates cell growth and suppresses programmed cell death. The bio- synthesis of sphingosine 1-phosphate is catalyzed by sphingosine kinase (SK) but the mechanism by which the subcellular localization and activity of SK is regulated in response to various stimuli is not fully understood. To elucidate the origin and structural determi- nant of the specific subcellular localization of SK, we performed biophysical and cell studies of human SK1 (hSK1) and selected mutants. In vitro measurements showed that hSK1 selectively bound phosphatidylserine over other anionic phospholipids and strongly preferred the plasma membrane-mimicking membrane to ...


Semiparametric Approaches For Joint Modeling Of Longitudinal And Survival Data With Time Varying Coefficients, Xiao Song, C.Y. Wang Dec 2005

Semiparametric Approaches For Joint Modeling Of Longitudinal And Survival Data With Time Varying Coefficients, Xiao Song, C.Y. Wang

UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series

We study joint modeling of survival and longitudinal data. There are two regression models of interest. The primary model is for survival outcomes, which are assumed to follow a time varying coefficient proportional hazards model. The second model is for longitudinal data, which are assumed to follow a random effects model. Based on the trajectory of a subject's longitudinal data, some covariates in the survival model are functions of the unobserved random effects. Estimated random effects are generally different from the unobserved random effects and hence this leads to covariate measurement error. To deal with covariate measurement error, we ...


Tree Islands In Everglades Landscapes: Current Status, Historical Changes, And Hydrologic Impacts On Population Dynamics And Moisture Relations, First Annual Report, Michael Ross, Steve Oberbauer, Pablo Ruiz, Nilesh Timilsina, Daniel Gomez, Jay Sah, Susanna Stofella, Leonel Sternberg Dec 2005

Tree Islands In Everglades Landscapes: Current Status, Historical Changes, And Hydrologic Impacts On Population Dynamics And Moisture Relations, First Annual Report, Michael Ross, Steve Oberbauer, Pablo Ruiz, Nilesh Timilsina, Daniel Gomez, Jay Sah, Susanna Stofella, Leonel Sternberg

SERC Research Reports

In 2005 we initiated a project designed to better understand tree island structure and function in the Everglades and the wetlands bordering it. Focus was on the raised portions at the upstream end of the islands, where tropical hardwood species adapted to well-drained conditions usually are the most prominent component of the vegetation. The study design is hierarchical, with four levels; in general, a large number of sites is to be surveyed once for a limited set of parameters, and increasingly small sets of islands are to be sampled more intensively, more frequently, and for more aspects of ecosystem function ...


Reconciling Inconsistencies Between Package-Extended Ontology Modules, Jie Bao, Vasant Honavar Dec 2005

Reconciling Inconsistencies Between Package-Extended Ontology Modules, Jie Bao, Vasant Honavar

Computer Science Technical Reports

Construction of ontologies in specific domains (e.g., molecular biology, electronic commerce), is invariably a collaborative activity that requires incorporation of independently generated ontology fragments or ontology modules, and hence reconciliation of inconsistencies among ontology mod- ules. We investigate an approch to reconciling the inconsistencies among ontologies using defeasible axioms. In this framework, each ontology module can be viewed as an internally consistent unit (called a package) with well-specified access interfaces. Multiple ontology modules or packages can be combined to obtain larger ontologies. Inconsistencies between ontology modules are handled using defeasible axioms (an axiom in one package can defeat one ...


Bullseye Models Using Excel And Geometer's Sketchpad, Heather Hoad Dec 2005

Bullseye Models Using Excel And Geometer's Sketchpad, Heather Hoad

Lesson Plans

Throughout this problem students explored the concepts of probability, percentage, and graphic representations of data. Students began by discussing the variables involved in playing a game of darts including: player skill level, strength, accuracy, coordination, gravity, etc. They then made hypothesized the number of darts out of 100 attempts that would land in each of the point value areas. During the remainder of the project, the class tested their hypothesis through a real life dart board model and an online dartboard simulation model. Students used a real-life magnetic dartboard to collectively gather data on 100 darts thrown and an online ...


Nonparametric Control Chart For The Range, Arnold J. Stromberg Dec 2005

Nonparametric Control Chart For The Range, Arnold J. Stromberg

Statistics Faculty Patents

A method is provided for detecting or predicting an undesired deviation in variability of at least one parameter being monitored, wherein the variation in the parameter is incrementally recorded. The method comprises establishing the number of subsets of a dataset that have a range of the difference between any two datapoints within the dataset, and computing a control chart for the range based thereon. The method accurately detects changes in variability in real time. The true distribution of the data is reflected, and the desired result is achieved without requiring an inordinate number of computations.


High-Temperature Calcium Vapor Cell For Spectroscopy On The 4s2 1s0-4s4p 3p1 Intercombination Line, Christopher J. Erickson, Brian Neyenhuis, Dallin S. Durfee Dec 2005

High-Temperature Calcium Vapor Cell For Spectroscopy On The 4s2 1s0-4s4p 3p1 Intercombination Line, Christopher J. Erickson, Brian Neyenhuis, Dallin S. Durfee

Faculty Publications

We have demonstrated a high-temperature vapor cell for absorption spectroscopy on the Ca intercombination line. The cell uses a dual-chamber design to achieve the high temperatures necessary for an optically dense vapor while avoiding the necessity of high-temperature vacuum valves and glass-to-metal seals. We have observed over 50% absorption in a single pass through the cell. Although pressure broadening in the cell prevented us from performing saturated-absorption spectroscopy, the broadening resulted in higher signal-to-noise ratios by allowing us to probe the atoms with intensities much greater than the 0.2µW/cm2 saturation intensity of the unbroadened transition. The techniques presented ...


Geophysical And Hydrological Evaluation Of Two Bog Complexes In A Northern Peatland: Implications For The Distribution Of Biogenic Gases At The Basin Scale, Xavier Comas, Lee Slater, Andrew S. Reeve Dec 2005

Geophysical And Hydrological Evaluation Of Two Bog Complexes In A Northern Peatland: Implications For The Distribution Of Biogenic Gases At The Basin Scale, Xavier Comas, Lee Slater, Andrew S. Reeve

Earth Science Faculty Scholarship

Ground penetrating radar (GPR) was used to determine peat basin geometry and the spatial distribution of free-phase biogenic gasses in two separate units of a northern peatland (Central and Southern Unit of Caribou Bog, Maine). The Central Unit is characterized by a deep basin structure (15 m maximum depth) and a raised (eccentric) bog topographic profile (up to 2 m topographic variation). Here numerous regions of electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering are considered diagnostic of the presence of extensive free-phase biogenic gas. In contrast, the Southern Unit is shallower (8 m maximum depth) and has a slightly convex upwards bog profile ...


An Evaluation Of Decision Tree And Survival Analysis Techniques For Business Failure Prediction, Adrian Gepp Dec 2005

An Evaluation Of Decision Tree And Survival Analysis Techniques For Business Failure Prediction, Adrian Gepp

Adrian Gepp

Accurate business failure prediction models would be extremely valuable to many industry sectors, particularly in financial investment and lending. The potential value of such models has been recently emphasised by the extremely costly failure of high profile businesses in both Australia and overseas, such as HIH (Australia) and Enron (USA). Consequently, there has been a significant increase in interest in business failure prediction, from both industry and academia. Statistical models attempt to predict the failure or success of a business based on publicly available information about that business (or its industry and the overall economy), such as accounting ratios from ...


Distribution Of Foraging Shearwaters Relative To Inner Front Of Se Bering Sea, J. Jahncke, K. O. Coyle, Stephan I. Zeeman, N. B. Kachel, G. L. Hunt Jr. Dec 2005

Distribution Of Foraging Shearwaters Relative To Inner Front Of Se Bering Sea, J. Jahncke, K. O. Coyle, Stephan I. Zeeman, N. B. Kachel, G. L. Hunt Jr.

Marine Sciences Faculty Publications

We examined the hypothesis that short-tailed shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris aggregate to forage at the inner front of the SE Bering Sea because of enhanced production there. We tested this hypothesis by comparing primary production, the distribution of euphausiids and the distribution of shearwaters relative to the front during late spring and late summer/early fall of 1997, 1998 and 1999. We found enhanced primary production at the front and offshore of the front during summer but not during spring. Primary production varied between seasons and years. Major differences were related to anomalous conditions in 1997 and 1998. The density of ...


Measurements Of Trace Gas Emissions From Australian Forest Fires And Correlations With Coincident Measurements Of Aerosol Optical Depth, Clare Paton-Walsh, N. B. Jones, Stephen R. Wilson, V Haverd, A. Meier, D. W. Griffith Dec 2005

Measurements Of Trace Gas Emissions From Australian Forest Fires And Correlations With Coincident Measurements Of Aerosol Optical Depth, Clare Paton-Walsh, N. B. Jones, Stephen R. Wilson, V Haverd, A. Meier, D. W. Griffith

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We present vertically integrated measurements of C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, HCOOH, CO, H2CO, HCN and NH3 through smoke plumes from Australian forest fires measured by ground-based solar absorption spectroscopy. The column amounts of these gases are highly correlated with simultaneous, co-located measurements of aerosol optical depth, providing a potential method of mapping biomass-burning emissions using satellite measurements of aerosol optical depth. We have calculated emission ratios relative to CO for the trace gases using aerosol optical depth as a proxy for CO and converted to emission factors by using an average emission factor for CO from literature measurements of extra-tropical forest ...


Foreign Migration To The Cleveland-Akron-Lorain Metropolitan Area From 1995 To 2000, Mark Salling, Ellen Cyran Dec 2005

Foreign Migration To The Cleveland-Akron-Lorain Metropolitan Area From 1995 To 2000, Mark Salling, Ellen Cyran

Urban Publications

This report is one of a series on migration to and from the region using the five percent Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) of the 2000 Census of Population and Housing and provides a description of foreign migrants moving to the Cleveland-Akron-Lorain (CAL) Consolidated Metropolitan Area (CMSA) from 1995 to 2000.* The report identifies the countries of origin of migrants and compares the demographic, socioeconomic, and housing characteristics of the foreign migrants to the CAL with other groups, including foreign migrants to Ohio and the nation, and, at times, to domestic migrants to and from the CAL.


West Nile Virus National Report On Dead Bird Surveillance, Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre, Patrick Zimmer Dec 2005

West Nile Virus National Report On Dead Bird Surveillance, Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre, Patrick Zimmer

Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre: Newsletters & Publications

The following is a synthesis of data collected in the National WNV dead bird surveillance program in 2005. As such it reflects the activities of a range of jurisdictions and agencies, including Federal/Provincial/Territorial Health, Wildlife and Agriculture Departments and the Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre. All of the data used was compiled using the CCWHC database; minor discrepancies from other reports or websites are possible.


Alleviating Linear Ecological Bias And Optimal Design With Subsample Data, Adam Glynn, Jon Wakefield, Mark Handcock, Thomas Richardson Dec 2005

Alleviating Linear Ecological Bias And Optimal Design With Subsample Data, Adam Glynn, Jon Wakefield, Mark Handcock, Thomas Richardson

UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series

In this paper, we illustrate that combining ecological data with subsample data in situations in which a linear model is appropriate provides three main benefits. First, by including the individual level subsample data, the biases associated with linear ecological inference can be eliminated. Second, by supplementing the subsample data with ecological data, the information about parameters will be increased. Third, we can use readily available ecological data to design optimal subsampling schemes, so as to further increase the information about parameters. We present an application of this methodology to the classic problem of estimating the effect of a college degree ...


Bayesian Analysis Of Cell-Cycle Gene Expression Data, Chuan Zhou, Jon Wakefield, Linda Breeden Dec 2005

Bayesian Analysis Of Cell-Cycle Gene Expression Data, Chuan Zhou, Jon Wakefield, Linda Breeden

UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series

The study of the cell-cycle is important in order to aid in our understanding of the basic mechanisms of life, yet progress has been slow due to the complexity of the process and our lack of ability to study it at high resolution. Recent advances in microarray technology have enabled scientists to study the gene expression at the genome-scale with a manageable cost, and there has been an increasing effort to identify cell-cycle regulated genes. In this chapter, we discuss the analysis of cell-cycle gene expression data, focusing on a model-based Bayesian approaches. The majority of the models we describe ...


Learning Successful Strategies In Repeated General-Sum Games, Jacob W. Crandall Dec 2005

Learning Successful Strategies In Repeated General-Sum Games, Jacob W. Crandall

Theses and Dissertations

Many environments in which an agent can use reinforcement learning techniques to learn profitable strategies are affected by other learning agents. These situations can be modeled as general-sum games. When playing repeated general-sum games with other learning agents, the goal of a self-interested learning agent is to maximize its own payoffs over time. Traditional reinforcement learning algorithms learn myopic strategies in these games. As a result, they learn strategies that produce undesirable results in many games. In this dissertation, we develop and analyze algorithms that learn non-myopic strategies when playing many important infinitely repeated general-sum games. We show that, in ...


Stressed Liquid-Crystal Optical Phased Array For Fast Tip-Tilt Wavefront Correction, Bin Wang, Guoqiang Zhang, Anatoliy Glushchenko, John West, Philip Bos, Paul Mcmanamon Dec 2005

Stressed Liquid-Crystal Optical Phased Array For Fast Tip-Tilt Wavefront Correction, Bin Wang, Guoqiang Zhang, Anatoliy Glushchenko, John West, Philip Bos, Paul Mcmanamon

John L West

A liquid-crystal optical phased-array technology that uses stressed liquid crystals provides a new type of tip-tilt wavefront corrector. It demonstrates a very fast time response (10 kHz) and high beam-steering efficiency (similar to 91%). The new technology presented here will allow for a nonmechanical, high-speed correction with simple device construction.


Coordinate Systems And Bounded Isomorphisms, David R. Pitts, David R. Pitts Dec 2005

Coordinate Systems And Bounded Isomorphisms, David R. Pitts, David R. Pitts

Faculty Publications, Department of Mathematics

For a Banach D-bimoduleMover an abelian unital C*-algebraD, we define E1(M) as the collection of norm-one eigenvectors for the dual action of D on the Banach space dual M#. Equip E1(M) with the weak*-topology. We develop general properties of E1(M). It is properly viewed as a coordinate system for M when M C, where C is a unital C*-algebra containing D as a regular MASA with the extension property; moreover, E1(C) coincides with Kumjian’s twist in the context of C*-diagonals. We identify the C*-envelope of a subalgebra A of a ...


South Florida Coastal Water Quality Monitoring Network - 7-9/05 Quarterly Report (C-15397), Joseph N. Boyer Dec 2005

South Florida Coastal Water Quality Monitoring Network - 7-9/05 Quarterly Report (C-15397), Joseph N. Boyer

SERC Research Reports

No abstract provided.


The Dust Cloud Around The White Dwarf G29-38, William T. Reach, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al. Dec 2005

The Dust Cloud Around The White Dwarf G29-38, William T. Reach, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al.

Publications

We present new observations of the white dwarf G29-38 with the camera (4.5 and 8 μm), photometer (24 μm), and spectrograph (5.5-14 μm) of the Spitzer Space Telescope. This star has an exceptionally large infrared excess, amounting to 3% of the bolometric luminosity. The spectral energy distribution (SED) has a continuum peak around 4.5 μm and a 9-11 μm emission feature 1.25 times brighter than the continuum. A mixture of amorphous olivine and a small amount of forsterite in an emitting region 1-5 R☉ from the star can reproduce the shape of the 9-11 μm feature ...


Stressed Liquid-Crystal Optical Phased Array For Fast Tip-Tilt Wavefront Correction, Bin Wang, Guoqiang Zhang, Anatoliy Glushchenko, John L. West, Philip Bos, Paul F. Mcmanamon Dec 2005

Stressed Liquid-Crystal Optical Phased Array For Fast Tip-Tilt Wavefront Correction, Bin Wang, Guoqiang Zhang, Anatoliy Glushchenko, John L. West, Philip Bos, Paul F. Mcmanamon

Philip J. Bos

A liquid-crystal optical phased-array technology that uses stressed liquid crystals provides a new type of tip-tilt wavefront corrector. It demonstrates a very fast time response (10 kHz) and high beam-steering efficiency (similar to 91%). The new technology presented here will allow for a nonmechanical, high-speed correction with simple device construction.