Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2002

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 3076

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Przebieg Zmienności Stężeń Wybranych Zanieczyszczeń W Gazach Odlotowych Z Procesu Mokrego Gaszenia Koksu, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki Dec 2002

Przebieg Zmienności Stężeń Wybranych Zanieczyszczeń W Gazach Odlotowych Z Procesu Mokrego Gaszenia Koksu, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

Continuous measurement results of selected constituent concentrations in the gases emitted to the air during the coke wet quenching process were presented and discussed in the paper. The measurements were carried out for the standard wet quenching tower. The research covered such substances as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen oxide, nitrogen dioxide and a total content of hydrocarbons and hydrogen (combustible gases). Changeability of the substance concentrations depending of the quenching process duration was analyzed. Among other things the beginning of these substances formation, appearance of the maximum and the range of observed concentrations were taken into consideration ...


Effect Of Assessment Method On The Discrepancy Between Judgments Of Health Disorders People Have And Do Not Have: A Web Study, Jonathan Baron, David A. Asch, Angela Fagerlin, Christopher A. Jepson, George Loewenstein, Jason Riis, Margaret G. Stineman, Peter A. Ubel Dec 2002

Effect Of Assessment Method On The Discrepancy Between Judgments Of Health Disorders People Have And Do Not Have: A Web Study, Jonathan Baron, David A. Asch, Angela Fagerlin, Christopher A. Jepson, George Loewenstein, Jason Riis, Margaret G. Stineman, Peter A. Ubel

Marketing Papers

Three experiments on the World Wide Web asked subjects to rate the severity of common health disorders such as acne or arthritis. People who had a disorder (“Haves”) tended to rate it as less severe than people who did not have it (“Not-haves”). Two explanations of this Have versus Not-have discrepancy were rejected. By one account, people change their reference point when they rate a disorder that they have. More precise reference points would, on this account, reduce the discrepancy, but, if anything, the discrepancy was larger. By another account, people who do not have the disorder focus on attributes ...


Limits On Extra Dimensions And New Particle Production In The Exclusive Photon, Darin Acosta, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Dec 2002

Limits On Extra Dimensions And New Particle Production In The Exclusive Photon, Darin Acosta, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

The exclusive γE/T signal has a small standard model cross section and is thus a channel sensitive to new physics. This signature is predicted by models with a superlight gravitino or with large extra spatial dimensions. We search for such signals at the Collider Detector at Fermilab, using 87   pb-1 of data at √s=1.8   TeV, and extract 95% C.L. limits on these processes. A limit of 221 GeV is set on the scale |F|1/2 in supersymmetric models. For 4, 6, and 8 extra dimensions, model-dependent limits on the fundamental mass scale MD ...


Search For Radiative B,-Hadron Decays In Pp̅ Collisions At √S=1.8 Tev, Darin Acosta, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration Dec 2002

Search For Radiative B,-Hadron Decays In Pp̅ Collisions At √S=1.8 Tev, Darin Acosta, Kenneth A. Bloom, Collider Detector At Fermilab Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We have performed a search for radiative b-hadron decays using events produced in pp̅ collisions at √s=1.8 TeV and collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The decays we considered were d0K*0(→K-π+) γ, s0→φ(→K+K-) γ, Λb0→ Λ(→pπ-) γ, and their charge conjugates. Two independent methods to identify photons from such decays were employed. In the first method, the photon was detected in the electromagnetic calorimeter. In the second method, the photon was identified by an electron-positron pair produced through the external photon ...


Viscoelasticity From A Microscopic Model Of Dislocation Dynamics, M. Christina Marchetti, Karl Saunders Dec 2002

Viscoelasticity From A Microscopic Model Of Dislocation Dynamics, M. Christina Marchetti, Karl Saunders

Physics

It is shown that the dynamics of a viscoelastic medium can be modeled as that of a two-dimensional crystal with a finite concentration of dislocations, as well as vacancy and interstitial defects. At the longest length scales the viscoelasticity is described by the simplest Maxwell model, whose shear and compressional relaxation times are obtained in terms of microscopic quantities, including the density of free dislocations. At short length scales, t bond orientational order effects become important and lead to wave vector dependent corrections to the relaxation times.


Mylanodon Rosei, A New Metacheiromyid (Mammalia: Palaeanodonta) From The Late Tiffanian (Late Paleocene) Of Northwestern Wyoming, Ross Secord, Philip D. Gingerich, Jonathan I. Bloch Dec 2002

Mylanodon Rosei, A New Metacheiromyid (Mammalia: Palaeanodonta) From The Late Tiffanian (Late Paleocene) Of Northwestern Wyoming, Ross Secord, Philip D. Gingerich, Jonathan I. Bloch

Papers in the Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Mylanodon rosei is a new genus and species of late Paleocene metacheiromyid palaeanodont from a new late Tiffanian locality, Y2K Quarry, in the Clarks Fork Basin, Wyoming. The type is an adult dentary with P4 and a molariform double-rooted M1. This provides the first evidence that molariform teeth were retained in early Metacheiromyidae. A second specimen is a juvenile dentary with a partial P3 and an unerupted P4. This is the first juvenile dentition known for a Paleocene metacheiromyid. The new specimens enable determination of dental homologies. Reduction of teeth in early metacheiromyids took place from ...


Perturbative Calculation Of The Triply Differential Cross Section For Photo-Double-Ionization Of He, Andrei Y. Istomin, N. L. Manakov, Anthony F. Starace Dec 2002

Perturbative Calculation Of The Triply Differential Cross Section For Photo-Double-Ionization Of He, Andrei Y. Istomin, N. L. Manakov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Single-photon, two-electron ionization of He is analyzed, taking into account electron correlation using lowest-order perturbation theory and including all individual electron angular momenta in the final two-electron continuum. Perturbative account of electron correlation in the final state, which describes the so-called TS-1 mechanism of double photoionization, combined with a variational account of electron screening, is found to provide results for the triply differential cross section at an excess energy of 20 eV that are in excellent agreement with both absolute experimental data and results of non-perturbative calculations, for all kinematics of the process in which the TS-1 mechanism is expected ...


Hyperbolic Billiard Paths, Rebecca Lehman, Chad White Dec 2002

Hyperbolic Billiard Paths, Rebecca Lehman, Chad White

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

A useful way to investigate closed geodesics on a kaleidoscopically tiled surface is to look at the billiard path described by a closed geodesic on a single tile. When looking at billiard paths it is possible to ignore surfaces and restrict ourselves to the tiling of the hyperbolic plane. We classify the smallest billiard paths by wordlength and parity. We also demonstrate the existence of orientable paths and investigate conjectures about the billiard spectrum for the (2, 3, 7)-tiling.


Pigeon-Holing Monodromy Groups, Niles G. Johnson Dec 2002

Pigeon-Holing Monodromy Groups, Niles G. Johnson

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

A simple tiling on a sphere can be used to construct a tiling on a d-fold branched cover of the sphere. By lifting a so-called equatorial tiling on the sphere, the lifted tiling is locally kaleidoscopic, yielding an attractive tiling on the surface. This construction is via a correspondence between loops around vertices on the sphere and paths across tiles on the cover. The branched cover and lifted tiling give rise to an associated monodromy group in the symmetric group on d symbols. This monodromy group provides a beautiful connection between the cover and its base space. Our investigation ...


Search For The Production Of Single Sleptons Through R-Parity Violation In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, V. M. Abazov, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2002

Search For The Production Of Single Sleptons Through R-Parity Violation In Pp̅ Collisions At √S = 1.8 Tev, V. M. Abazov, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Gregory Snow Publications

We report the first search for supersymmetric particles via s-channel production and decay of smuons or muon sneutrinos at hadronic colliders. The data for the two-muon and two-jets final states were collected by the D0 experiment and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 94 ± 5 pb-1. Assuming that R parity is violated via the single coupling λ′211, the number of candidate events is in agreement with expectation from the standard model. Exclusion contours are given in the (m0; m½) and (mΧ̅,mν planes for λ′211= 0.09, 0.08, and 0.07.


Volunteer For Iowater In 2003, Mahdi Al-Kaisi, H. Mark Hanna, Lynette Seigley, Michael J. Tidman Dec 2002

Volunteer For Iowater In 2003, Mahdi Al-Kaisi, H. Mark Hanna, Lynette Seigley, Michael J. Tidman

Integrated Crop Management News

Water quality is an important issue for agriculture. The protection of Iowa's rivers, streams, and lakes from nonpoint source pollution is one of the greatest environmental challenges facing our state. Despite the accomplishments of Iowa producers over the past few years (buffer strips, grassed waterways, no-till, and similar efforts), some water bodies have fallen short of water quality standards.


Valley Floor Climate Observations From The Mcmurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1986-2000, Peter T. Doran, Christopher P. Mckay, Gary D. Clow, Gayle L. Dana, Andrew G. Fountain, Thomas H. Nylen, W. Berry Lyons Dec 2002

Valley Floor Climate Observations From The Mcmurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1986-2000, Peter T. Doran, Christopher P. Mckay, Gary D. Clow, Gayle L. Dana, Andrew G. Fountain, Thomas H. Nylen, W. Berry Lyons

Geography Faculty Publications and Presentations

Climate observations from the McMurdo dry valleys, East Antarctica are presented from a network of seven valley floor automatic meteorological stations during the period 1986 to 2000. Mean annual temperatures ranged from −14.8°C to −30.0°C, depending on the site and period of measurement. Mean annual relative humidity is generally highest near the coast. Mean annual wind speed increases with proximity to the polar plateau. Site to site variation in mean annual solar flux and PAR is due to exposure of each station and changes over time are likely related to changes in cloudiness. During the non-summer ...


Chaotic Free-Space Laser Communication Over Turbulent Channel, N. F. Rulkov, Mikhail Vorontsov, L. Illing Dec 2002

Chaotic Free-Space Laser Communication Over Turbulent Channel, N. F. Rulkov, Mikhail Vorontsov, L. Illing

Electro-Optics and Photonics Faculty Publications

The dynamics of errors caused by atmospheric turbulence in a self-synchronizing chaos-based communication system that stably transmits information over a ∼5  km free-space laser link is studied experimentally. Binary information is transmitted using a chaotic sequence of short-term pulses as a carrier. The information signal slightly shifts the chaotic time position of each pulse depending on the information bit. We report the results of an experimental analysis of the atmospheric turbulence in the channel and the impact of turbulence on the bit-error-rate performance of this chaos-based communication system.


On The Effect Of Random Errors In Gridded Bathymetric Compilations, Martin Jakobsson, Brian R. Calder, Larry A. Mayer Dec 2002

On The Effect Of Random Errors In Gridded Bathymetric Compilations, Martin Jakobsson, Brian R. Calder, Larry A. Mayer

Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping

We address the problem of compiling bathymetric data sets with heterogeneous coverage and a range of data measurement accuracies. To generate a regularly spaced grid, we are obliged to interpolate sparse data; our objective here is to augment this product with an estimate of confidence in the interpolated bathymetry based on our knowledge of the component of random error in the bathymetric source data. Using a direct simulation Monte Carlo method, we utilize data from the International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean database to develop a suitable methodology for assessment of the standard deviations of depths in the interpolated ...


He Ii Reverberation In Active Galactic Nucleus Spectra, Mark C. Bottorff, Jack A. Baldwin, Gary J. Ferland, Jason W. Ferguson, Kirk T. Korista Dec 2002

He Ii Reverberation In Active Galactic Nucleus Spectra, Mark C. Bottorff, Jack A. Baldwin, Gary J. Ferland, Jason W. Ferguson, Kirk T. Korista

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

This paper compares the observed reverberation response lags and the intensity ratios of the broad-line region (BLR) emission lines He II λ1640, He II λ4686, and C IV λ1549 with predictions. Published observations indicate that the He II λ1640 lag is 3 times shorter than the lags of He II λ4686 or C IV λ1549. Diverse models, however, do not reproduce this observation. Extensive improved numerical simulations of the hydrogenic isoelectronic sequence emission show that the He II spectrum remains especially simple, even in the central regions of a luminous quasar. Line trapping never builds up a significant population of ...


Characteristics Of Quasi-Monochromatic Gravity Waves Observed With Na Lidar In The Mesopause Region At Starfire Optical Range, Nm, Xiong Hu, Alan Z. Liu, Chester S. Gardner, Gary R. Swenson Dec 2002

Characteristics Of Quasi-Monochromatic Gravity Waves Observed With Na Lidar In The Mesopause Region At Starfire Optical Range, Nm, Xiong Hu, Alan Z. Liu, Chester S. Gardner, Gary R. Swenson

Physical Sciences - Daytona Beach

The University of Illinois Na wind/temperature lidar data collected at the Starfire Optical Range, NM, between Jan. 1998 and May 2000 was used to extract the dominant monochromatic gravity waves. By using simultaneously measured horizontal wind and temperature profiles, the vertical wavelengths (λz), (TI), and propagation directions were determined using the hodograph method. A total of 700 monochromatic gravity waves were analyzed from ~300 h of observations. It was found that 84.4% of the waves were propagating upwards. The mean λz was 12.6 km and 9.9 km for upward and downward propagating waves ...


Two-Photon Bremsstrahlung Processes In Atoms: Polarization Effects And Analytic Results For The Coulomb Potential, A. A. Krylovetskiĭ, N. L. Manakov, S. I. Marmo, Anthony F. Starace Dec 2002

Two-Photon Bremsstrahlung Processes In Atoms: Polarization Effects And Analytic Results For The Coulomb Potential, A. A. Krylovetskiĭ, N. L. Manakov, S. I. Marmo, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

The partial wave analysis of two-photon free–free (bremsstrahlung) electron transition cross sections during scattering by a static potential U(r), as well as by an atom with a nonzero angular momentum, is carried out. The dipole interaction with radiation is taken into account in the second order of perturbation theory for the general case of elliptic polarization of photons. The polarization and angular dependences of the twophoton potential scattering amplitude is presented as a combination of the scalar product of electron momenta and photon polarization vectors and five atomic parameters containing Legendre polynomials of the scattering angle as well ...


Search For Minimal Supergravity In Single-Electron Events With Jets And Large Missing Transverse Energy In Pp̅ Collisions At √S =1.8 Tev, V. M. Abazov, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2002

Search For Minimal Supergravity In Single-Electron Events With Jets And Large Missing Transverse Energy In Pp̅ Collisions At √S =1.8 Tev, V. M. Abazov, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Gregory Snow Publications

We describe a search for evidence of minimal supergravity (MSUGRA) in 92.7 pb-1 of data collected with the DØ detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp̅ collider at√s =1.8 TeV. Events with a single electron, four or more jets, and large missing transverse energy were used in this search. The major backgrounds are from W +jets, misidentified multijet, tt̅, and WW production. We observe no excess above the expected number of background events in our data. A new limit in terms of MSUGRA model parameters is obtained.


A Fast Connection-Time Redirection Mechanism For Internet Application Scalability, Michael Haungs, Raju Pandey, Earl Barr, J. Fritz Barnes Dec 2002

A Fast Connection-Time Redirection Mechanism For Internet Application Scalability, Michael Haungs, Raju Pandey, Earl Barr, J. Fritz Barnes

Computer Science and Software Engineering

Applications that are distributed, fault tolerant, or perform dynamic load balancing rely on redirection techniques, such as network address translation (NAT), DNS request routing, or middleware to handle Internet scale loads. In this paper, we describe a new connection redirection mechanism that allows applications to change end-points of communication channels. The mechanism supports redirections across LANs and WANs and is application-independent. Further, it does not introduce any central bottlenecks. We have implemented the redirection mechanism using a novel end-point control session layer. The performance results show that the overhead of the mechanism is minimal. Further, Internet applications built using this ...


Level Oriented Formal Model For Asynchronous Circuit Verification And Its Efficient Analysis Method, Eric G. Mercer, Tomoya Kitai, Chris Myers, Yusuke Oguro, Tomohiro Yoneda Dec 2002

Level Oriented Formal Model For Asynchronous Circuit Verification And Its Efficient Analysis Method, Eric G. Mercer, Tomoya Kitai, Chris Myers, Yusuke Oguro, Tomohiro Yoneda

Faculty Publications

Using a level-oriented model for verification of asynchronous circuits helps users to easily construct formal models with high readability or to naturally model datapath circuits. On the other hand, in order to use such a model on large circuits, techniques to avoid the state explosion problem must be developed. This paper first introduces a level-oriented formal model based on time Petri nets, and then proposes its partial order reduction algorithm that prunes unnecessary state generation while guaranteeing the correctness of the verification.


Clear-Column Radiative Closure During Ace-Asia: Comparison Of Multiwavelength Extinction Derived From Particle Size And Composition With Results From Sun Photometry, J. Wang, Richard C. Flagan, John H. Seinfeld, Haflidi Jonsson, D. R. Collins, P. B. Russell, Beat Schmid, Jens Redemann, J. M. Livingston, Song Gao, Dean A. Hegg, E. J. Welton Dec 2002

Clear-Column Radiative Closure During Ace-Asia: Comparison Of Multiwavelength Extinction Derived From Particle Size And Composition With Results From Sun Photometry, J. Wang, Richard C. Flagan, John H. Seinfeld, Haflidi Jonsson, D. R. Collins, P. B. Russell, Beat Schmid, Jens Redemann, J. M. Livingston, Song Gao, Dean A. Hegg, E. J. Welton

Chemistry and Physics Faculty Articles

From March to May 2001, aerosol size distributions and chemical compositions were measured using differential mobility analyzers (DMA), an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS), Micro-Orifice Uniform Deposit Impactors (MOUDI), and denuder samplers onboard the Twin Otter aircraft as part of the Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE)-Asia campaign. Of the 19 research flights, measurements on four flights that represented different aerosol characteristics are analyzed in detail. Clear-column radiative closure is studied by comparing aerosol extinctions predicted using in situ aerosol size distribution and chemical composition measurements to those derived from the 14-wavelength NASA Ames Airborne Tracking Sun photometer (AATS-14). In the boundary ...


Lake-Catchment Interactions With Climate In The Low Arctic Of Southern West Greenland, N. John Anderson, Sherilyn C. Fritz, Christopher E. Gibson, Bent Hasholt, Melanie J. Leng Dec 2002

Lake-Catchment Interactions With Climate In The Low Arctic Of Southern West Greenland, N. John Anderson, Sherilyn C. Fritz, Christopher E. Gibson, Bent Hasholt, Melanie J. Leng

Papers in the Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Arctic hydrology plays a central role in the earth’s heat balance and ocean circulation (Vörösmarty et al. 2001). Future changes associated with human influence on the climate system are also predicted to cause major changes in the energy and hydrologic mass balance of Arctic catchments. Climate change will likely affect permafrost and snowmelt, which dominate Arctic hydrology and control the chemistry of surface runoff (and hence streams and lakes) as water percolates through the active layer. However, the controls and dynamic impact of snowmelt are poorly understood, because this critical timeframe is often missed by sampling programs. In the ...


Evaluation Of Striped Bass Stocks In Virginia, Monitoring And Tagging Studies, 1999-2003 Annual Report, 1 September 2001 - 31 October 2002, Philip W. Sadler, Robert J. Latour, Robert E. Harris, Kristin L. Maki, John E. Olney Dec 2002

Evaluation Of Striped Bass Stocks In Virginia, Monitoring And Tagging Studies, 1999-2003 Annual Report, 1 September 2001 - 31 October 2002, Philip W. Sadler, Robert J. Latour, Robert E. Harris, Kristin L. Maki, John E. Olney

Reports

This report presents the results of striped bass (Marone saxatilis) tagging and monitoring activities in Virginia during the penod 1 September 2001 through 31 October 2002. It includes an assessment of the biological characteristics of striped bass taken from the 2002 spring spawning run, estimates of annual survtval based on annual spring tagging, and the results of the fall 2001 directed mortality study that is cooperative with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. The information contained in this report is required by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission and is used to implement a coordinated management plan for striped bass ...


Controlling Laser High-Order Harmonic Generation Using Weak Counter-Propagating Light, Sergei Leonidovich Voronov Dec 2002

Controlling Laser High-Order Harmonic Generation Using Weak Counter-Propagating Light, Sergei Leonidovich Voronov

Theses and Dissertations

Laser high-order harmonic generation in the presence of relatively weak interfering light is investigated. The interfering pulses intersect the primary harmonic-generating laser pulse at the laser focus. The interfering light creates a standing intensity and phase modulation on the field, which disrupts microscopic phase matching and shuts down local high harmonic production. Suppression of the 23rd harmonic (by two orders of magnitude) is observed when a counter-propagating interfering pulse of light is introduced. A sequence of counter-propagating pulses can be used to shut down harmonic production in out-of-phase zones of the generating volume to achieve quasi phase matching. Harmonic emission ...


Depth-Varying Constitutive Properties Observed In An Isothermal Glacier, H. P. Marshall, Joel T. Harper, W. Tad Pfeffer, Neil Humphrey Dec 2002

Depth-Varying Constitutive Properties Observed In An Isothermal Glacier, H. P. Marshall, Joel T. Harper, W. Tad Pfeffer, Neil Humphrey

Geosciences Faculty Publications

Detailed three-dimensional in-situ measurements of deformation at depth are used to examine the rheology of a 6 x 106 m3 block of temperate glacier ice. Assuming that the viscosity of this ice is primarily dependent on stress, the relationship between inferred stress and measurements of strain-rate above about 115 m depth suggest a constitutive relationship with a stress exponent n about 1. Deformation below 115 m is described by a non-linear flow law with a power exponent of approximately 3-4. A sharp transition between the two flow regimes is likely caused by a change in the dominant mechanism ...


Little Venice Water Quality Monitoring Quarterly Reports #7, Ronald Jones, Joseph N. Boyer Dec 2002

Little Venice Water Quality Monitoring Quarterly Reports #7, Ronald Jones, Joseph N. Boyer

SERC Research Reports

No abstract provided.


Skill Acquisition In Transfer Of Manipulation Skills From Human To Machine Through A Haptic Virtual Environment, Y. Chen, F. Naghdy Dec 2002

Skill Acquisition In Transfer Of Manipulation Skills From Human To Machine Through A Haptic Virtual Environment, Y. Chen, F. Naghdy

Faculty of Informatics - Papers (Archive)

A new paradigm for programming a robotics manipulator is developed. It is intended that the teaching of the machine will begin with the necessary skills being demonstrated by the human operator in a virtual environment with tactile sensing (haptics). Position and contact force and torque data generated in the virtual environment combined with a priori knowledge about the task is used to identify and learn the skills in the newly demonstrated tasks and then to reproduce them in the robotics system. The peg-in-hole insertion problem is used as a case study. The overall concept is described. The methodologies developed to ...


A Simulation Study Of Space-Based Observations Of Gravity Waves In The Airglow Using Observed Aloha-93 Wave Parameters, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D., J. S. Brown Dec 2002

A Simulation Study Of Space-Based Observations Of Gravity Waves In The Airglow Using Observed Aloha-93 Wave Parameters, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D., J. S. Brown

Publications

We use gravity wave parameters derived from the ALOHA-93 campaign to model four gravity waves in airglow emissions as observed from the ground to numerically predict whether these waves could have been observed from space. In spite of encountering critical levels, some waves may still be observed in the airglow provided the critical level lies within the airglow emission region. One of the four waves experiences a critical level in the lower region of an airglow layer such that the disturbance to the volume emission rate would be effectively limited to a short distance along a satellite line of sight ...


Evaluation Of Lasers To Disperse American Crows, Corvus Brachyrhynchos, From Urban Night Roosts, W.P. Gorenzel, B. F. Blackwell, G.D. Simmons, T.P. Salmon, R.A. Dolbeer Dec 2002

Evaluation Of Lasers To Disperse American Crows, Corvus Brachyrhynchos, From Urban Night Roosts, W.P. Gorenzel, B. F. Blackwell, G.D. Simmons, T.P. Salmon, R.A. Dolbeer

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

American crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos) have a long history of causing agricultural damage in North America. Shooting and bombing at crow night roosts have been employed to reduce such damage. Most roosts were located in rural locations, but in the latter half of the 1900s crows began to roost in urban locations. Urban crow roosts are presently a nationwide problem in the United States. Thousands of crows at a roost create problems for businesses and residents. Improved control techniques are needed. Lasers have been used in Europe to scare and disperse birds but the technique has only recently received formal testing ...


Blackbirds And Corn In Ohio, Richard A. Dolbeer Dec 2002

Blackbirds And Corn In Ohio, Richard A. Dolbeer

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

Damage to corn by blackbirds (Icteridae) has been an economic problem throughout historical times in North America. Ohio, with the highest nesting season population density of red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) in North America and large acreages of corn, has been a key State in this conflict. Surveys of damage from 1968 to 1979 revealed that blackbirds annually destroyed less than 1% of the corn crops in Ohio, a 4- to 6-million dollar loss at 1979 prices. This total dollar loss is somewhat misleading because of the uneven distribution of damage among fields. Over 97% of the cornfields in Ohio receive ...