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2000

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Articles 1 - 30 of 2432

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Course In Computational Number Theory, David Bressoud, Stan Wagon Feb 2008

Course In Computational Number Theory, David Bressoud, Stan Wagon

Stan Wagon, Retired

No abstract provided.


Oczyszczanie Gazów Odlotowych Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz Dec 2000

Oczyszczanie Gazów Odlotowych Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

Flue gas cleaning system is a very important part of each hazardous waste incineration plant. Air pollutant emission limit values permissible for this process in Member States of the European Union are so rigorous that the installation designers there are forced to use very effective and of course expensive solutions. In the paper a review of methods and systems used to the treatment of flue gases from hazardous waste incineration is presented. This can be particularly useful in the face of the adaptation of existing waste incineration plant operating in Poland with European Union requirements.

English title: Cleaning of flue ...


Analysis Of Discrete Dynamical System Models For Competing Species, Jerry J. Chen Dec 2000

Analysis Of Discrete Dynamical System Models For Competing Species, Jerry J. Chen

Dissertations

A discrete version of the Lotka-Volterra (LV) differential equations for competing population species is analyzed in detail, much the same way as the discrete form of the logistic equation has been investigated as a source of bifurcation phenomena and chaotic dynamics. Another related system, namely, the Exponentially Self Regulating (ESR) population model, is also thoroughly analyzed. It is found that in addition to logistic dynamics - ranging from the very simple to manifestly chaotic regimes in terms of the governing parameters - the discrete LV model and the ESR model exhibit their own brands of bifurcation and chaos that are essentially two ...


Comparison Of Optical Density, Total Cell Protein, And Number Of Viable Cells (Via Fluorescent Straining) As Measures Of Microbial Growth Kinetics In Suspended And Biofilm Cultures During Biodegradation Of Naphthalene, Jeong Seop Shim Dec 2000

Comparison Of Optical Density, Total Cell Protein, And Number Of Viable Cells (Via Fluorescent Straining) As Measures Of Microbial Growth Kinetics In Suspended And Biofilm Cultures During Biodegradation Of Naphthalene, Jeong Seop Shim

Dissertations

Most studies on bacterial growth kinetics have been dependent on theoretical modeling with general biomass measurements using either dry weight or optical density (OD), without distinguishing live from dead bacteria or debris. As a result, there remains considerable uncertainty in reliably predicting rates of biodegradation for design of treatment processes for environmental pollutants.

This research focused on measurement of bacterial growth rates and activities in suspended cultures and biofilms using Pseudomonas putida (ATCC 17484) for biodegradation of naphthalene. As expected, the rates of biodegradation differed between suspended and immobilized cultures. A comparison was made of the impact of three biomass ...


A More Efficient Document Retrieval Method For Texpros, Yin Dong Dec 2000

A More Efficient Document Retrieval Method For Texpros, Yin Dong

Dissertations

Document processing is a critical element of office automation. Through document classification, extraction and filing, documents are automatically placed into a knowledge base according to certain rules. Document retrieval is a process to get a document back according to a user's requirements and to show the results to the user. Hence, a good user-interface and an efficient retrieval algorithm become core parts of document retrieval.

Unlike previous browsers that have been proposed for this purpose, this dissertation develops a new browser that has a user interface with more tools, and one that has a more efficient retrieval algorithm that ...


Multi-Mode Cavity Effects In The Microwave Heating Of A Ceramic Slab, Stuart J. Walker Dec 2000

Multi-Mode Cavity Effects In The Microwave Heating Of A Ceramic Slab, Stuart J. Walker

Dissertations

In order to gain insight into hot spot development in microwave heated ceramics, a partially insulated, two dimensional ceramic slab situated in a TEM01 cavity is modeled in the small Biot number limit. If the electrical conductivity is an exponential function of temperture and E0 is the strength of the incident mode, then the relationship between the spatially uniform, steady state leading order temperature, v8, and E01 is characterized by the well known bi-stable, or S shaped, response curve. The steady state second order temperature, v1, is described by a boundary value problem ...


An Examination Of Discourse Concerned With Pcb Remediation In The Hudson River, Jennifer M. Coffey Dec 2000

An Examination Of Discourse Concerned With Pcb Remediation In The Hudson River, Jennifer M. Coffey

Theses

Remediation of PCB contamination in the Hudson River is an issue hotly contested within local communities, the media, and between government agencies and corporate entities. In recent years, the EPA has decided to revisit their 1984 no-action decision for the Hudson River and in December 2000, issued a Feasibility Study recommending partial dredging of the 200 miles of the Hudson floor deemed a Superfund site. The EPA's reevaluation of their 1984 decision has spurred an enormous amount of literature from corporate, non-profit volunteer, and government agencies.

The rhetorical theory of social constructionism and the ethical theory of environmental pragmatism ...


Environmental Science In The New Millennium : A Model To Give Structure And Guidance, James M. Lipuma Dec 2000

Environmental Science In The New Millennium : A Model To Give Structure And Guidance, James M. Lipuma

Dissertations

This work proposes a template for successful interdisciplinary Environmental Science (EVSQ) programs at four-year American learning institutions. The first conclusion reached is that there is no one "perfect" program. Only by identifying clear goals for EVSC can programs improve. It was determined that a clear definition of EVSC and mission statements related to these definitions are necessary first steps to allow improvement to occur. One major outcome of the work is the educational model built to understand EVSC education. The model identifies methods by which the goals and objectives of EVSC can be identified and accomplished. The research found that ...


Managing Toxic And Hazardous Substances Of Concern In Manufacturing, Craig Jancerak Dec 2000

Managing Toxic And Hazardous Substances Of Concern In Manufacturing, Craig Jancerak

Theses

This thesis examined data management from an object relational database perspective. The database used was a product from Cornell University called PREDATOR. The context of the evaluation is the life-cycle of a manufactured product. The manufacturing life-cycle was chosen to correspond to an environmental life-cycle being done at NJIT. However, the goal was to use a generic model that could be applied to many situations.

The first phase developed the conceptual life-cycle model. At a high level, the model was not designed with a programming language in mind. Several questions needed to be answered and the a [sic] model answers ...


Towards Hypermedia Support In Database Systems, Anirban Bhaumik Dec 2000

Towards Hypermedia Support In Database Systems, Anirban Bhaumik

Theses

The general goal of our research is to automatically generate links and other hypermedia related services to analytical applications. Using a dynamic hypermedia engine (DHE), the following features have been automated for database systems. Based on the database's relational (physical) schema and its original (non-normalized) entity-relationship specification links are generated, database application developers may also specify the relationship between different classes of database elements. These elements can be controlled by the same or different database application, or even by another software system. A DHE prototype has been developed and illustrates the above for a relational database management system.

The ...


Visualization Techniques For Routing Protocols And Router Configurations, Vandana Pursnani Dec 2000

Visualization Techniques For Routing Protocols And Router Configurations, Vandana Pursnani

Theses

An autonomous system (AS) is a group of routers managed by a particular organization. Exterior gateway protocols (EGP) are used between AS's Internal Gateway Protocols (IGP) is used within an AS. The most common protocols used with TCP/IP are RIP, OSPF (Open Shortest Path First), IGRP / Enhanced IGRP.

The thesis revolves around OSPF protocol OSPF uses flooding to exchange link-state updates between routers. Any change in routing information is flooded to all routers in the network. Areas are introduced to put a boundary on the explosion of link-state updates. Flooding and calculation of the Dijkstra algorithm on a ...


Ramanujan-Like Congreuences Of The Distinct Partition Function, Ian Blumenfeld, Christi Carlstead, Mimi Cukier, Wesley Terway Dec 2000

Ramanujan-Like Congreuences Of The Distinct Partition Function, Ian Blumenfeld, Christi Carlstead, Mimi Cukier, Wesley Terway

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

In his work with the partition function, Ramanujan observed several congruences of the form p(An + B) = 0 (mod m). We adapt this form to several congruences of the distinct partition function, p2(n). We show that one can determine all ordered pairs of integers (A;B) for which p2(An + B)=0 (mod 2) and show families of congruences modulo 4. Finally, we offer a proof of a congruence modulo 5 satisfied by the distinct partition function.


Optimal Solvability For The Dirichlet And Neumann Problem In Dimension Two, Atanas Stefanov, Gregory C. Verchota Dec 2000

Optimal Solvability For The Dirichlet And Neumann Problem In Dimension Two, Atanas Stefanov, Gregory C. Verchota

Mathematics - Faculty Scholarship

We show existence and uniqueness for the solutions of the regularity and the Neumann problems for harmonic functions on Lipschitz domains with data in the Hardy spaces Hp1,(partial D)(Hp (partial D)), p>2/3-E, where D C R2 and E is a (small) number depending on the Lipschitz nature of D. This in turn implies that solutions to the Dirichlet problem with data in the Holder class C1/2+E(partial D) are themselves in C1/2+E(D). Both of these results are sharp. In fact, we prove a more general ...


Upper White River Bmp Implementation Project (Nps Final Report), Paul F. Vendrell, K. F. Steele, M. A. Nelson, R. W. Mcnew Dec 2000

Upper White River Bmp Implementation Project (Nps Final Report), Paul F. Vendrell, K. F. Steele, M. A. Nelson, R. W. Mcnew

Technical Reports

The project objective was to monitor agricultural best management practices implemented to minimize sediment, nutrient, and bacterial impact on water quality of the Upper White River watershed. The project targeted the primary agricultural causes of non-point source nutrient and bacterial pollution in three sub-basins of the White River in the Beaver Lake Watershed. Areas with high animal densities targeted high source areas. High source areas were treated with best management practices (BMP) in an effort to reduce the impact to the White River and Beaver Lake. The predominant BMP implemented was waste management, a component of the farm nutrient management ...


Beryllium In Granulite-Facies Pegmatites In Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica, Edward S. Grew Dec 2000

Beryllium In Granulite-Facies Pegmatites In Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica, Edward S. Grew

University of Maine Office of Research Administration: Grant Reports

This award, provided by the Office of Polar Programs of the National Science Foundation, supports participation of a researcher from the University of Maine in an expedition of the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE) to study beryllium enriched minerals in Enderby Land. Beryllium is a rare element in crustal rocks and enrichments are especially unusual in granulite-facies (high temperature and pressure, and relatively dry conditions) metamorphic rocks. This project focuses on unique beryllium-enriched pegmatites in the Archean ultra-high temperature (up to 1000 degrees C) granulite-facies Napier Complex in eastern Casey Bay, Enderby Land, East Antarctica. The primary objective is to ...


Nonlinear Effects Of Physisorption On Static Friction, G.T. Gao, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Dennis J. Diestler Dec 2000

Nonlinear Effects Of Physisorption On Static Friction, G.T. Gao, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Dennis J. Diestler

Xiao Cheng Zeng Publications

The effects of a physisorbed film on the force of static friction in a model contact (monatomic adsorbate confined between plane-parallel walls) were investigated by Monte Carlo simulation. At fixed coverage the friction curve (shear yield stress vs normal stress) exhibits a marked nonlinearity, which results from a competition between adsorbate–wall interactions that predominate at low loads and wall–wall interactions that set in beyond a threshold load, which increases with coverage. Previous proximal-probe and computer experiments, carried out at high coverages, see only the initial (low-load) linear portion of the friction curve.


Unitarized Pseudoscalar Meson Scattering Amplitudes In Three Flavor Linear Sigma Models, Joseph Schechter, Deirdre Black, Amir H. Fariborz, Sherif Moussa, Salah Nasri Dec 2000

Unitarized Pseudoscalar Meson Scattering Amplitudes In Three Flavor Linear Sigma Models, Joseph Schechter, Deirdre Black, Amir H. Fariborz, Sherif Moussa, Salah Nasri

Physics

The three flavor linear sigma model is studied as a ``toy model'' for understanding the role of possible light scalar mesons in the \pi \pi, \pi K and \pi \eta scattering channels. The approach involves computing the tree level partial wave amplitude for each channel and unitarizing by a simple K-matrix prescription which does not introduce any new parameters. If the renormalizable version of the model is used there is only one free parameter. While this highly constrained version has the right general structure to explain \pi \pi scatteirng, it is ``not quite'' right. A reasonable fit can be made ...


Phase Diagram Of Three-Dimensional Dynamical Triangulations With A Boundary, Simon Catterall, Simeon Warner, Ray Renken Dec 2000

Phase Diagram Of Three-Dimensional Dynamical Triangulations With A Boundary, Simon Catterall, Simeon Warner, Ray Renken

Physics

We use Monte Carlo simulation to study the phase diagram of three-dimensional dynamical triangulations with a boundary. Three phases are indentified and characterized. One of these phases is a new, boundary dominated phase; a simple argument is presented to explain its existence. First-order transitions are shown to occur along the critical lines separating phases.


Optically Induced Periodic Structures In Smectic-C Liquid Crystals, Antal Jákli, A. Vajda, E. Benkler, Janossy, Peter Palffy-Muhoray Dec 2000

Optically Induced Periodic Structures In Smectic-C Liquid Crystals, Antal Jákli, A. Vajda, E. Benkler, Janossy, Peter Palffy-Muhoray

Antal Jakli

We explore periodic structures of smectic-C (SmC) liquid crystals, induced optically by a polarization grating. The studied cells contain a passive surface of rubbed polyimide and an active photosensitive substrate of ate-dye doped polyimide. In a nematic phase the director field can be periodic independent of the angle between the grating vector and the rubbing direction. In the SmA phase periodic structure can be induced only by layer undulations. The SmC behaves similarly to the nematic phase, but the director can rotate only on a cone, which results in a more complex geometry. The periodic pattern is superimposed with four ...


Constant Mean Curvature Surfaces With Three Ends, Karsten Grosse-Brauckmann, Robert Kusner, John M. Sullivan Dec 2000

Constant Mean Curvature Surfaces With Three Ends, Karsten Grosse-Brauckmann, Robert Kusner, John M. Sullivan

Robert Kusner

We announce the classification of complete almost embedded surfaces of constant mean curvature, with three ends and genus zero. They are classified by triples of points on the sphere whose distances are the asymptotic necksizes of the three ends.


Water Quality Conference 2001, Richard W. Larson Dec 2000

Water Quality Conference 2001, Richard W. Larson

Integrated Crop Management News

Plan to attend the 2001 Water Quality Conference "Agriculture and the Environment: State and Federal Initiatives" on March 5-7. The conference will address federal and state nonpoint source pollution policies that could potentially impact land management in agricultural watersheds. Topics will address both programs and current research for total maximum daily loads, nutrient loading and nutrient criteria, animal feeding operations, and source water protection. The conference will be held at the Scheman Building, Iowa State University, Ames, from 9:45 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on March 5, from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m ...


Phosphorus In Aquatic Systems, John A. Downing, John A. Downing, Antonio P. Mallarino, John E. Sawyer, John Creswell, Michael J. Tidman Dec 2000

Phosphorus In Aquatic Systems, John A. Downing, John A. Downing, Antonio P. Mallarino, John E. Sawyer, John Creswell, Michael J. Tidman

Integrated Crop Management News

This article continues a series that provides producers with information to aid in phosphorus (P) management and to understand environmental issues relating to P management. It focuses on P in aquatic systems (wetlands, streams, rivers, and lakes) and its impact on surface water quality.


Higher Twist Contributions To R-Hadron Phenomenology In The Light Gluino Scenario, Thomas D. Gutierrez, R. Vogt, J. F. Gunion Dec 2000

Higher Twist Contributions To R-Hadron Phenomenology In The Light Gluino Scenario, Thomas D. Gutierrez, R. Vogt, J. F. Gunion

Physics

The open light gluino window allows non-trivial higher-twist gluino contributions to the proton wave function. Using a two-component model originally developed for charm hadroproduction, higher-twist intrinsic gluino contributions to final-state R-hadron formation are shown to enhance leading-twist production in the forward xnF region. We calculate R-hadron production at Pnlab=800 GeV in pp, pBe, and pCu interactions with light gluino masses of 1.2, 1.5, 3.5, and 5.0 GeV.


The Savannah River Site: Site Description, Land Use And Management History, David L. White, Karen F. Gaines Dec 2000

The Savannah River Site: Site Description, Land Use And Management History, David L. White, Karen F. Gaines

Publications

The 78,000-ha Savannah River Site, which is located in the upper Coastal Plain of South Carolina along the Savannah River, was established as a nuclear production facility in 1951 by the Atomic Energy Commission. The site’s physical and vegetative characteristics, land use history, and the impacts of management and operations are described. Aboriginal and early European settlement was primarily along streams, where much of the farming and timber cutting have occurred. Woodland grazing occurred in the uplands and lowlands. Land use intensity increased after the Civil War and peaked in the 1920s. Impacts from production of cotton and ...


Chemical And Dynamical Speciation Of Mobile Ions In The Glassy Fast Ionic Conductor Ag2s+B2s3+Sis2: A 109ag Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study, Tomoko Akai, Steve W. Martin, Ferdinando Borsa Dec 2000

Chemical And Dynamical Speciation Of Mobile Ions In The Glassy Fast Ionic Conductor Ag2s+B2s3+Sis2: A 109ag Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study, Tomoko Akai, Steve W. Martin, Ferdinando Borsa

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

109Ag NMR in the highly conductive glass 0.525Ag2S+0.475(0.5B2S3+0.5SiS2) was investigated from 230 to 433 K. The 109Ag NMR spectra reveal for the first time three well resolved lines corresponding to three kinds of chemically speciated Ag ions in sites with different chemical shifts in a macroscopically homogeneous glass. This chemical speciation of Ag ions is discussed in relation to the microstructure of the glass. As the temperature is increased, the three lines that originate from three different species of ions are narrowed, but these lines exist independently up to 433 K, the highest ...


Temporal Changes In The Observed Relationship Between Cloud Cover And Surface Air Temperature, Bomin Sun, Pavel Groisman, Raymond Bradley, Frank Keimig Dec 2000

Temporal Changes In The Observed Relationship Between Cloud Cover And Surface Air Temperature, Bomin Sun, Pavel Groisman, Raymond Bradley, Frank Keimig

Raymond S Bradley

The relationship between cloud cover and near-surface air temperature and its decadal changes are examined using the hourly synoptic data for the past four to six decades from five regions of the Northern Hemisphere: Canada, the United States, the former Soviet Union, China, and tropical islands of the western Pacific. The authors define the normalized cloud cover–surface air temperature relationship, NOCET or dT/dCL, as a temperature anomaly with a unit (one-tenth) deviation of total cloud cover from its average value. Then mean monthly NOCET time series (night- and daytime, separately) are area-averaged and parameterized as functions of surface ...


Electrons In Image States Near Roughened Metal Surfaces, Brian K. Clark, Brian W. Gregory, Jean M. Standard Dec 2000

Electrons In Image States Near Roughened Metal Surfaces, Brian K. Clark, Brian W. Gregory, Jean M. Standard

Faculty Publications – Chemistry

Electrons near roughened Ag and Au surfaces with chemisorbed dielectric overlayers of alkanethiol or alkaneselenol self-assembled monolayers are shown to move within the sulfur or selenium head-group layer on the metal terraces. The electrons exist in image states with respect to Ag or Au step edges. There is no substantial image force between the electrons and the terraces.


An Evaluation Of Stream Flow Characteristics And Fecal Coliform Loads In Sayler's Creek Watershed, South Central Virginia, David Straton Gilbert Dec 2000

An Evaluation Of Stream Flow Characteristics And Fecal Coliform Loads In Sayler's Creek Watershed, South Central Virginia, David Straton Gilbert

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The Sayler's Creek watershed is located within Prince Edward County, Nottoway, and Amelia Counties of the south central region of Virginia. The Sayler's Creek Watershed consists of two small creeks: Big Sayler's Creek and Little Sayler's Creek. The Environmental Protection Agency has Big Sayler's Creek listed as impaired and not Little Sayler's Creek. Based upon visual inspections of the Sayler's Creek watershed throughout the year, Little Sayler's Creek is inlpaired for fecal coliform instead of Big Sayler's Creek. Another hypothesis of this study is that fecal coliform levels are directly related ...


A Two-Chain Path Integral Model Of Positronium, L. Larrimore, R. N. Mcfarland, P. A. Sterne, Amy Lisa Graves Dec 2000

A Two-Chain Path Integral Model Of Positronium, L. Larrimore, R. N. Mcfarland, P. A. Sterne, Amy Lisa Graves

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We have used a path integral Monte Carlo technique to simulate positronium (Ps) in a cavity. The primitive propagator is used, with a pair of interacting chains representing the positron and electron. We calculate the energy and radial distribution function for Ps enclosed in a hard, spherical cavity, and the polarizability of the model Ps in the presence of an electrostatic field. We find that the positron distribution near the hard wall differs significantly from that for a single particle in a hard cavity. This leads to systematic deviations from predictions of free-volume models which treat Ps as an effective ...


Fractional Derivatives, John M. Beach Dec 2000

Fractional Derivatives, John M. Beach

Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, the reader will not find a study of any kind; there is no methodology, questionnaire, interview, test, or data analysis. This thesis is simply a research paper on fractional derivatives, a topic that I have found to be fascinating. The reader should be delighted by a short history of the topic in Chapter 1, where he/she will read about the contributions made by some of the great mathematicians from the last three centuries.

In Chapter 2 the reader will find an intuitive approach for finding the general fractional derivative for functions such as eax, x ...