Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 24337

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Real-Time Stealth Intervention For Motor Learning Using Player Flow-State, Ramin Tadayon, Ashish Amresh, Troy Mcdaniel, Sethuraman Panchanathan Jun 2019

Real-Time Stealth Intervention For Motor Learning Using Player Flow-State, Ramin Tadayon, Ashish Amresh, Troy Mcdaniel, Sethuraman Panchanathan

Ashish Amresh

We present a novel approach to real-time adaptation in serious games for at-home motor learning. Our approach assesses and responds to the “flow-state” of players by tracking and classifying facial emotions in real-time using the Kinect camera. Three different approaches for stealth assessment and adaptation using performance and flow-state data are defined, along with a case-study evaluation of these approaches based on their effectiveness at maintaining positive affective interaction in a subject.


Generative Linguistics And Neural Networks At 60: Foundation, Friction, And Fusion, Joe Pater Feb 2019

Generative Linguistics And Neural Networks At 60: Foundation, Friction, And Fusion, Joe Pater

Joe Pater

The birthdate of both generative linguistics and neural networks can be taken as 1957, the year of the publication of foundational work by both Noam Chomsky and Frank Rosenblatt. This paper traces the development of these two approaches to cognitive science, from their largely autonomous early development in their first thirty years, through their collision in the 1980s around the past tense debate (Rumelhart and McClelland 1986, Pinker and Prince 1988), and their integration in much subsequent work up to the present. Although this integration has produced a considerable body of results, the continued general gulf between these two lines ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Strong Equivalence And Program's Structure In Arguing Essential Equivalence Between First-Order Logic Programs, Yuliya Lierler Dec 2018

Strong Equivalence And Program's Structure In Arguing Essential Equivalence Between First-Order Logic Programs, Yuliya Lierler

Yuliya Lierler

Answer set programming  is a prominent declarative programming paradigm used in formulating combinatorial search problems and implementing distinct knowledge representation formalisms. It is common that several related and yet substantially different answer set programs exist for a given problem. Sometimes these encodings may display significantly different performance. Uncovering precise formal links between these programs is often important and yet far from trivial. This paper claims the correctness   of a number of interesting program rewritings. Notably, they  assume  programs with variables and  such important language features as choice, disjunction, and aggregates. We showcase the utility of some considered rewritings  by using ...


Automatic Program Rewriting In Non-Ground Answer Set Programs, Nicholas Hippen, Yuliya Lierler Dec 2018

Automatic Program Rewriting In Non-Ground Answer Set Programs, Nicholas Hippen, Yuliya Lierler

Yuliya Lierler

Answer set programming is a popular constraint programming paradigm that has seen wide use across various industry applications. However, logic programs under answer set semantics often require careful design and nontrivial expertise from a programmer to obtain satisfactory solving times. In order to reduce this burden on a software engineer we propose an automated rewriting technique for non-ground logic programs that we implement in a system Projector. We conduct rigorous experimental analysis, which shows that applying system Projector to a logic program can improve its performance, even after significant human-performed optimizations.


Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Abanador Dec 2018

Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Abanador

Paul Abanador

The interaction of atoms and molecules with strong laser pulses is of fundamental interest in physics and chemistry. Notably, the process known as high-order harmonic generation (HHG) refers to the production of extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) light, which occurs when an ensemble of atoms or molecules is subjected to a strong infrared laser field. Characterized by an attosecond time scale (1 as = 10^-18 s), the HHG process provides the capability for experimental measurements to capture the ultrafast motion of electrons in these target atoms and molecules. The underlying physical mechanism behind this process naturally leaves imprints in the properties of the ...


Time-Resolved Double-Resonance Spectroscopy: Lifetime Measurement Of The 61Σ+G(7,31) Electronic State Of Molecular Sodium, Michael Saaranen, Dinesh Wagle, Emma Mclaughlin, Amelia Paladino, Seth T. Ashman, Burcin Bayram Nov 2018

Time-Resolved Double-Resonance Spectroscopy: Lifetime Measurement Of The 61Σ+G(7,31) Electronic State Of Molecular Sodium, Michael Saaranen, Dinesh Wagle, Emma Mclaughlin, Amelia Paladino, Seth T. Ashman, Burcin Bayram

Seth Ashman

We report on the lifetime measurement of the 61Σ+g(7,31) state of Na2 molecules, produced in a heat-pipe oven, using a time-resolved spectroscopic technique. The 61Σ+g(7,31) level was populated by two-step two-color double resonance excitation via the intermediate A1Σ+u(8,30) state. The excitation scheme was done using two synchronized pulsed dye lasers pumped by a Nd:YAG laser operating at the second harmonics. The fluorescence emitted upon decay to the final state was measured using a time-correlated photon counting technique, as a function of argon pressure. From this, the radiative lifetime was extracted ...


Tim_Rinn_Final_Disertation.Pdf, Timothy T. Rinn Nov 2018

Tim_Rinn_Final_Disertation.Pdf, Timothy T. Rinn

Timothy Rinn

No abstract provided.


Worker Activity Recognition In Smart Manufacturing Using Imu And Semg Signals With Convolutional Neural Networks, Wenjin Tao, Ze-Hao Lai, Ming-Chuan Leu, Zhaozheng Yin Nov 2018

Worker Activity Recognition In Smart Manufacturing Using Imu And Semg Signals With Convolutional Neural Networks, Wenjin Tao, Ze-Hao Lai, Ming-Chuan Leu, Zhaozheng Yin

Zhaozheng Yin

In a smart manufacturing system involving workers, recognition of the worker's activity can be used for quantification and evaluation of the worker's performance, as well as to provide onsite instructions with augmented reality. In this paper, we propose a method for activity recognition using Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and surface electromyography (sEMG) signals obtained from a Myo armband. The raw 10-channel IMU signals are stacked to form a signal image. This image is transformed into an activity image by applying Discrete Fourier Transformation (DFT) and then fed into a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for feature extraction, resulting in ...


Dynamics Of Paramagnetic And Ferromagnetic Ellipsoidal Particles In Shear Flow Under A Uniform Magnetic Field, Christopher A. Sobecki, Jie Zhang, Yanzhi Zhang, Cheng Wang Nov 2018

Dynamics Of Paramagnetic And Ferromagnetic Ellipsoidal Particles In Shear Flow Under A Uniform Magnetic Field, Christopher A. Sobecki, Jie Zhang, Yanzhi Zhang, Cheng Wang

Yanzhi Zhang

We investigate the two-dimensional dynamic motion of magnetic particles of ellipsoidal shapes in shear flow under the influence of a uniform magnetic field. In the first part, we present a theoretical analysis of the rotational dynamics of the particles in simple shear flow. By considering paramagnetic and ferromagnetic particles, we study the effects of the direction and strength of the magnetic field on the particle rotation. The critical magnetic-field strength, at which particle rotation is impeded, is determined. In a weak-field regime (i.e., below the critical strength) where the particles execute complete rotations, the symmetry property of the rotational ...


Decoupled, Linear, And Energy Stable Finite Element Method For The Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes-Darcy Phase Field Model, Yali Gao, Xiaoming He, Liquan Mei, Xiaofeng Yang Nov 2018

Decoupled, Linear, And Energy Stable Finite Element Method For The Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes-Darcy Phase Field Model, Yali Gao, Xiaoming He, Liquan Mei, Xiaofeng Yang

Xiaoming He

In this paper, we consider the numerical approximation for a phase field model of the coupled two-phase free flow and two-phase porous media flow. This model consists of Cahn—Hilliard—Navier—Stokes equations in the free flow region and Cahn—Hilliard—Darcy equations in the porous media region that are coupled by seven interface conditions. The coupled system is decoupled based on the interface conditions and the solution values on the interface from the previous time step. A fully discretized scheme with finite elements for the spatial discretization is developed to solve the decoupled system. In order to deal with ...


The Automated Design Of Probabilistic Selection Methods For Evolutionary Algorithms, Samuel N. Richter, Daniel R. Tauritz Nov 2018

The Automated Design Of Probabilistic Selection Methods For Evolutionary Algorithms, Samuel N. Richter, Daniel R. Tauritz

Daniel R. Tauritz

Selection functions enable Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) to apply selection pressure to a population of individuals, by regulating the probability that an individual's genes survive, typically based on fitness. Various conventional fitness based selection methods exist, each providing a unique relationship between the fitnesses of individuals in a population and their chances of selection. However, the full space of selection algorithms is only limited by max algorithm size, and each possible selection algorithm is optimal for some EA configuration applied to a particular problem class. Therefore, improved performance may be expected by tuning an EA's selection algorithm to the ...


Automated Design Of Network Security Metrics, Aaron Scott Pope, Daniel R. Tauritz, Robert Morning, Alexander D. Kent Nov 2018

Automated Design Of Network Security Metrics, Aaron Scott Pope, Daniel R. Tauritz, Robert Morning, Alexander D. Kent

Daniel R. Tauritz

Many abstract security measurements are based on characteristics of a graph that represents the network. These are typically simple and quick to compute but are often of little practical use in making real-world predictions. Practical network security is often measured using simulation or real-world exercises. These approaches better represent realistic outcomes but can be costly and time-consuming. This work aims to combine the strengths of these two approaches, developing efficient heuristics that accurately predict attack success. Hyper-heuristic machine learning techniques, trained on network attack simulation training data, are used to produce novel graph-based security metrics. These low-cost metrics serve as ...


Timing And Formation Of Linear Dunes South Of The Niobrara River Valley, North-Central Nebraska Sand Hills, Ashley Larsen Nov 2018

Timing And Formation Of Linear Dunes South Of The Niobrara River Valley, North-Central Nebraska Sand Hills, Ashley Larsen

Ashley Larsen

The Nebraska Sand Hills is a vast (7500 square kilometer) area of grass-stabilized sand dunes. Larger dunes in the Nebraska Sand Hills formed primarily during the Late Pleistocene, but many underwent widespread reactivation during the Holocene. Recent Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dating indicates that the last major phase of reactivation in the Sand Hills was during the Medieval Warm Period, approximately 800 years ago. Nevertheless, many questions about the evolution of the dunes remain unanswered, particularly regarding the formation of linear dunes in portions of the Sand Hills.
This study seeks to understand more about the formation of linear dunes ...


Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin Nov 2018

Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin

Anh-Thu Le

We demonstrate an angular high-harmonic spectroscopy method to probe the spinning dynamics of a molecular rotation wave packet in real time. With the excitation of two time-delayed, polarization-skewed pump pulses, the molecular ensemble is impulsively kicked to rotate unidirectionally, which is subsequently irradiated by another delayed probe pulse for high-order harmonic generation (HHG). The spatiotemporal evolution of the molecular rotation wave packet is visualized from the time-dependent angular distributions of the HHG yields and frequency shift measured at various polarization directions and time delays of the probe pulse. The observed frequency shift in HHG is demonstrated to arise from the ...


A Simple Approach For Sustainable Transportation Systems In Smart Cities: A Graph Theory Model, Quinn Nelson, Donald Steffensmeier, Sachin Pawaskar Nov 2018

A Simple Approach For Sustainable Transportation Systems In Smart Cities: A Graph Theory Model, Quinn Nelson, Donald Steffensmeier, Sachin Pawaskar

Sachin Pawaskar

The idea of public transportation is supported by most in theory but often heavily criticized by users when put into application. There are common tensions that are related to public transportation, as described by frequent users: unreliable, too crowded, and slow. The University of Nebraska-Omaha (UNO) is a growing metropolitan
institution that uses a shuttle system to transport students among their three campuses daily. As of 2015, the current total student enrollment is approximately 16,000; UNO plans to enroll 20,000 students by 2020. The expected student growth is also reflected by the current construction of new buildings and ...


Role Of The Recoil Ion In Single-Electron Capture And Single-Ionization Processes For Collisions Of Protons With He And Ar Atoms, P. Focke, Ronald E. Olson, N. D. Cariatore, M. Alessi, S. Otranto Nov 2018

Role Of The Recoil Ion In Single-Electron Capture And Single-Ionization Processes For Collisions Of Protons With He And Ar Atoms, P. Focke, Ronald E. Olson, N. D. Cariatore, M. Alessi, S. Otranto

Ronald E. Olson

In this work the single-electron capture and single-ionization processes are studied for proton collisions with He and Ar atoms at impact energies in the range 25–100 keV. Classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulations are benchmarked against experimental data obtained at the reaction microscope in Bariloche, Argentina, which employs the cold target recoil-ion momentum spectroscopy technique. Special emphasis is placed on describing the momentum transfer to the recoil ion for these collision systems.


Topography Of The Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath Alaska And Its Geodynamic Implications: Constraints From Receiver Function Stacking, Haider H. Dahm, Stephen S. Gao, Fansheng Kong, Kelly H. Liu Nov 2018

Topography Of The Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath Alaska And Its Geodynamic Implications: Constraints From Receiver Function Stacking, Haider H. Dahm, Stephen S. Gao, Fansheng Kong, Kelly H. Liu

Kelly H. Liu

The 410 and 660 km discontinuities (d410 and d660, respectively) beneath Alaska and adjacent areas are imaged by stacking 75,296 radial receiver functions recorded by 438 broadband seismic stations with up to 30 years of recording period. When the 1-D IASP91 Earth model is used for moveout correction and time depth conversion, significant and spatially systematic variations in the apparent depths of the d410 and d660 are observed. The mean apparent depth of the d410 and d660 for the entire study area is 417 ± 12 km and 665 ± 12 km, respectively, and the mean mantle transition zone (MTZ) thickness ...


Characteristics Of The Mantle Flow System Beneath The Indochina Peninsula Revealed By Teleseismic Shear Wave Splitting Analysis, Youqiang Yu, Stephen S. Gao, Kelly H. Liu, Ting Yang, Mei Xue, Khanh Phon Le, Jinyao Gao Nov 2018

Characteristics Of The Mantle Flow System Beneath The Indochina Peninsula Revealed By Teleseismic Shear Wave Splitting Analysis, Youqiang Yu, Stephen S. Gao, Kelly H. Liu, Ting Yang, Mei Xue, Khanh Phon Le, Jinyao Gao

Kelly H. Liu

Numerous geoscientific investigations have been conducted on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas for understanding crustal and mantle deformation associated with the indentation of the Indian Plate into Eurasia. A number of key issues, such as the causes of a sudden change of fast polarization orientations from N-S to almost E-W at approximately 26°N revealed by shear wave splitting (SWS) studies, and the geodynamic implications of the transition still remain enigmatic, partially due to the lack of sufficient SWS measurements on the Indochina Peninsula. Here we employ the SWS technique to systematically illuminate upper mantle anisotropy beneath the ...


Receiver Function Imaging Of Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath The Tanzania Craton And Adjacent Segments Of The East African Rift System, Muchen Sun, Kelly H. Liu, Xiaofei Fu, Stephen S. Gao Nov 2018

Receiver Function Imaging Of Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath The Tanzania Craton And Adjacent Segments Of The East African Rift System, Muchen Sun, Kelly H. Liu, Xiaofei Fu, Stephen S. Gao

Kelly H. Liu

The mantle transition zone (MTZ) discontinuities beneath the Tanzania Craton and the Eastern and Western Branches of the East African Rift System are imaged by stacking over 7,100 receiver functions. The mean thickness of the MTZ beneath the Western Branch and Tanzania Craton is about 252 km, which is comparable to the global average and is inconsistent with the existence of present-day thermal upwelling originating from the lower mantle. In contrast, beneath the Eastern Branch, an up to 30 km thinning of the MTZ is observed and is attributable to upwelling of higher temperature materials from either the upper ...


Topography Of The Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath Alaska And Its Geodynamic Implications: Constraints From Receiver Function Stacking, Haider H. Dahm, Stephen S. Gao, Fansheng Kong, Kelly H. Liu Nov 2018

Topography Of The Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath Alaska And Its Geodynamic Implications: Constraints From Receiver Function Stacking, Haider H. Dahm, Stephen S. Gao, Fansheng Kong, Kelly H. Liu

Stephen S. Gao

The 410 and 660 km discontinuities (d410 and d660, respectively) beneath Alaska and adjacent areas are imaged by stacking 75,296 radial receiver functions recorded by 438 broadband seismic stations with up to 30 years of recording period. When the 1-D IASP91 Earth model is used for moveout correction and time depth conversion, significant and spatially systematic variations in the apparent depths of the d410 and d660 are observed. The mean apparent depth of the d410 and d660 for the entire study area is 417 ± 12 km and 665 ± 12 km, respectively, and the mean mantle transition zone (MTZ) thickness ...


Receiver Function Imaging Of Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath The Tanzania Craton And Adjacent Segments Of The East African Rift System, Muchen Sun, Kelly H. Liu, Xiaofei Fu, Stephen S. Gao Nov 2018

Receiver Function Imaging Of Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath The Tanzania Craton And Adjacent Segments Of The East African Rift System, Muchen Sun, Kelly H. Liu, Xiaofei Fu, Stephen S. Gao

Stephen S. Gao

The mantle transition zone (MTZ) discontinuities beneath the Tanzania Craton and the Eastern and Western Branches of the East African Rift System are imaged by stacking over 7,100 receiver functions. The mean thickness of the MTZ beneath the Western Branch and Tanzania Craton is about 252 km, which is comparable to the global average and is inconsistent with the existence of present-day thermal upwelling originating from the lower mantle. In contrast, beneath the Eastern Branch, an up to 30 km thinning of the MTZ is observed and is attributable to upwelling of higher temperature materials from either the upper ...


Characteristics Of The Mantle Flow System Beneath The Indochina Peninsula Revealed By Teleseismic Shear Wave Splitting Analysis, Youqiang Yu, Stephen S. Gao, Kelly H. Liu, Ting Yang, Mei Xue, Khanh Phon Le, Jinyao Gao Nov 2018

Characteristics Of The Mantle Flow System Beneath The Indochina Peninsula Revealed By Teleseismic Shear Wave Splitting Analysis, Youqiang Yu, Stephen S. Gao, Kelly H. Liu, Ting Yang, Mei Xue, Khanh Phon Le, Jinyao Gao

Stephen S. Gao

Numerous geoscientific investigations have been conducted on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas for understanding crustal and mantle deformation associated with the indentation of the Indian Plate into Eurasia. A number of key issues, such as the causes of a sudden change of fast polarization orientations from N-S to almost E-W at approximately 26°N revealed by shear wave splitting (SWS) studies, and the geodynamic implications of the transition still remain enigmatic, partially due to the lack of sufficient SWS measurements on the Indochina Peninsula. Here we employ the SWS technique to systematically illuminate upper mantle anisotropy beneath the ...


Improving The Total Organic Carbon Estimation Of The Eagle Ford Shale With Density Logs By Considering The Effect Of Pyrite, Shuxian Jiang, Mehdi Mokhtari, David M. Borrok, Jim Lee Nov 2018

Improving The Total Organic Carbon Estimation Of The Eagle Ford Shale With Density Logs By Considering The Effect Of Pyrite, Shuxian Jiang, Mehdi Mokhtari, David M. Borrok, Jim Lee

David M. Borrok

Pyrite is a common mineral with a higher density than most other minerals in the Eagle Ford Shale formation. Hence, if pyrite is not considered in the total organic carbon (TOC) estimation, based on density logs, it may lead to errors. In order to improve the accuracy of the TOC estimation, we propose an updated TOC estimation method that incorporates the concentration of pyrite and organic porosity. More than 15 m of Eagle Ford Shale samples were analyzed using Rock-Eval pyrolysis, X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). TOC, elemental concentration, and mineralogical data were analyzed for a better understanding ...


Inorganic Elemental Concentrations In Birch Bolete Mushroom (Leccinum Scabrum) And Top Soil: Contamination Profiles, Bioconcentation And Annual Variations, Malgorzata Medyk, Bommanna G. Loganathan, Leszek Bielawski, Jerzy Falandysz Oct 2018

Inorganic Elemental Concentrations In Birch Bolete Mushroom (Leccinum Scabrum) And Top Soil: Contamination Profiles, Bioconcentation And Annual Variations, Malgorzata Medyk, Bommanna G. Loganathan, Leszek Bielawski, Jerzy Falandysz

Bommanna Loganathan

Analysis of inorganic and organic contaminants in foodstuffs aids in understanding the human exposure to these compounds via consumption. In this study, an edible mushroom species (Leccinum scabrum) and top soil samples were analysed for essential and toxic substances including phosphorus and inorganic elements over a period of three fruiting seasons. Analysis of silver (Ag), aluminium (Al), barium (Ba), calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), mercury (Hg), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), lead (Pb), rubidium (Rb), strontium (Sr) and zinc (Zn) in mushrooms and topsoil were performed using inductively ...


The Rotational Spectrum And Potential Energy Surface Of The Ar-Sio Complex, Michael C. Mccarthy, Steve Alexandre Ndengue, Richard Dawes Oct 2018

The Rotational Spectrum And Potential Energy Surface Of The Ar-Sio Complex, Michael C. Mccarthy, Steve Alexandre Ndengue, Richard Dawes

Richard Dawes, Ph.D.

The rotational spectra of five isotopic species of the Ar-SiO complex have been observed at high-spectral resolution between 8 and 18 GHz using chirped Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy and a discharge nozzle source; follow-up cavity measurements have extended these measurements to as high as 35 GHz. The spectrum of the normal species is dominated by an intense progression of a-type rotational transitions arising from increasing quanta in the Si-O stretch, in which lines up to v = 12 (~14 500 cm-1) were identified. A structural determination by isotopic substitution and a hyperfine analysis of the Ar-Si17O spectrum both ...


The Covalent Interaction Between Dihydrogen And Gold: A Rotational Spectroscopic Study Of H₂-Aucl, Daniel A. Obenchain, Derek S. Frank, Garry S. Grubbs, Herbert M. Pickett, Stewart E. Novick Oct 2018

The Covalent Interaction Between Dihydrogen And Gold: A Rotational Spectroscopic Study Of H₂-Aucl, Daniel A. Obenchain, Derek S. Frank, Garry S. Grubbs, Herbert M. Pickett, Stewart E. Novick

Garry S. Grubbs II

The pure rotational transitions of H2-AuCl have been measured using a pulsed-jet cavity Fourier transform microwave spectrometer equipped with a laser ablation source. The structure was found to be T-shaped, with the H-H bond interacting with the gold atom. Both 35Cl and 37Cl isotopologues have been measured for both ortho and para states of H2. Rotational constants, quartic centrifugal distortion constants, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants for gold and chlorine have been determined. The use of the nuclear spin-nuclear spin interaction terms Daa, Dbb, and Dcc for H2 were required to fit ...


Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua Oct 2018

Polymer Coated Gold-Ferric Oxide Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Theranostic Applications, Muhammad Raisul Abedin, Siddesh Umapathi, Harika Mahendrakar, Tunyaboon Laemthong, Holly Coleman, Denise Muchangi, Santimukul Santra, Manashi Nath, Sutapa Barua

Manashi Nath

Background: Engineered inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or precipitate out of the solvent. We show that by changing the coating of magnetic iron oxide NPs using poly-l-lysine (PLL) polymer the colloidal stability of the dispersion is improved in aqueous solutions including water, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), PBS with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and cell culture medium, and ...


Rapid Adsorption Of Proinflammatory Cytokines By Graphene Nanoplatelets And Their Composites For Extracorporeal Detoxification, Yishan Zheng, Nicholas Pescatore, Yury Gogotsi, Boris Dyatkin, Ganesh Ingavle, Vadym Mochalin, Tochukwu Ozulumba, Sergey Mikhalovsky, Susan Sandeman Oct 2018

Rapid Adsorption Of Proinflammatory Cytokines By Graphene Nanoplatelets And Their Composites For Extracorporeal Detoxification, Yishan Zheng, Nicholas Pescatore, Yury Gogotsi, Boris Dyatkin, Ganesh Ingavle, Vadym Mochalin, Tochukwu Ozulumba, Sergey Mikhalovsky, Susan Sandeman

Vadym Mochalin

Sepsis is a complex clinical syndrome that features excessive release of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators that could lead to organ dysfunction. Despite different treatment and management options, sepsis associated high morbidity and mortality rates remain. This has prompted intensive research into alternative therapeutic approaches such as targeted removal of sepsis related molecules using extracorporeal hemoperfusion. In this study, we explore the use of graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) as low-cost alternative hemosorbents for rapid removal of a broad spectrum of proinflammatory cytokine markers. Firstly, the physical characteristics, cytotoxicity, and cytokine marker adsorption profile of GNP were assessed. The results not only ...


Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis Oct 2018

Air-Oxidation Of Phenolic Resin Aerogels: Backbone Reorganization, Formation Of Ring-Fused Pyrylium Cations, And The Effect On Microporous Carbons With Enhanced Surface Areas, Hojat Majedi Far, Suraj Donthula, Tahereh Taghvaee, Adnan Malik Saeed, Zachary Garr, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Nicholas Leventis

Nicholas Leventis

This paper is a thorough investigation of the chemical transformations during pyrolytic conversion of phenolic resins to carbons, and reports that all carbons obtained from main-stream phenolic resins including phloroglucinol-formaldehyde (FPOL), phloroglucinol-terephthalaldehyde (TPOL), resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), and phenol-formaldehyde (PF) contain fused pyrylium rings and charge-compensating phenoxides. Those four phenolic resins were prepared via a fast HCl-catalyzed process as low-density nanostructured solids classified as aerogels, which, owing to their open porosity, allowed air circulation through their bulk. In that regard, the first step of this study was the air-oxidation of those phenolic resin aerogels at 240 °C. In FPOL and TPOL aerogels ...