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Articles 1 - 30 of 5501

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Observing Soil Changes Under Common Cropping Practices In Kentucky, Samantha Peterson, Iin Handayani, Alyx Shultz Dr, Brian Parr Nov 2018

Observing Soil Changes Under Common Cropping Practices In Kentucky, Samantha Peterson, Iin Handayani, Alyx Shultz Dr, Brian Parr

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Cropping production and tillage systems lead to loss of soil organic matter (SOM), lowering soil pH, and soil compaction in Kentucky. However, the magnitude of the changes varied among the soil properties. Therefore, the objective of this research was to evaluate the changes in SOM, soil pH, and soil compaction under different cropping systems like corn-soybean-tobacco rotation (Field #1), continuous corn field (Field #2), hemp field (Field #3), wheat field (Field #4), pasture with animal grazing (Field #5), and canola field (Field #6). The prominent soil textures in all fields are silt loam and silty clay loam. Disturbed soil samples ...


Distance And Intersection Number In The Curve Complex Of A Closed Surface, Nancy C. Wrinkle Nov 2018

Distance And Intersection Number In The Curve Complex Of A Closed Surface, Nancy C. Wrinkle

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Spiral Waves Modeling, Paulo H. Acioli Nov 2018

Spiral Waves Modeling, Paulo H. Acioli

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Arsenoplatins Vs. Combination Of Platinum Drugs And Arsenic Trioxide, Denana Miodragovic Nov 2018

Arsenoplatins Vs. Combination Of Platinum Drugs And Arsenic Trioxide, Denana Miodragovic

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Measuring The One-Way Velocity Of Light, Charles Nissim-Sabat Nov 2018

Measuring The One-Way Velocity Of Light, Charles Nissim-Sabat

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Enabling The Social Internet Of Things, Ahmed E. Khaled, Sumi Helal Nov 2018

Enabling The Social Internet Of Things, Ahmed E. Khaled, Sumi Helal

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Structural Characterization Of Bacterial Red Light Photoreceptors By Atomic Force Microscopy, Kenneth T. Nicholson Nov 2018

Structural Characterization Of Bacterial Red Light Photoreceptors By Atomic Force Microscopy, Kenneth T. Nicholson

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Linear Analysis Of Tumor Morphology During Growth Using Bending Energy, Emma A. Turian Nov 2018

Linear Analysis Of Tumor Morphology During Growth Using Bending Energy, Emma A. Turian

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


The Neiumatic Shake Table: A New Tool, Elisabet M. Head, John Papiewski Nov 2018

The Neiumatic Shake Table: A New Tool, Elisabet M. Head, John Papiewski

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Punctuated Cognitive Psychological Interventions On Student's Disposition To Learn And The Effects On Mathematical Achievement, Matthew D. Graham Nov 2018

Punctuated Cognitive Psychological Interventions On Student's Disposition To Learn And The Effects On Mathematical Achievement, Matthew D. Graham

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Molecular Origami For Biochemistry: Paper Models Of Proteins, Carbohydrates, And Nucleic Acids, Charles Abrams Nov 2018

Molecular Origami For Biochemistry: Paper Models Of Proteins, Carbohydrates, And Nucleic Acids, Charles Abrams

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Singular And Ill-Conditioned Linear Systems, Zhonggang Zeng Nov 2018

Singular And Ill-Conditioned Linear Systems, Zhonggang Zeng

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


A Study Of Text Simplification On Breast Cancer Information Targeting A Low-Health Literacy Population, Francisco D. Iacobelli, Xiwei Wang Nov 2018

A Study Of Text Simplification On Breast Cancer Information Targeting A Low-Health Literacy Population, Francisco D. Iacobelli, Xiwei Wang

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Dance Of Two Supermassive Binary Black Holes, Karishma Bansal Nov 2018

Dance Of Two Supermassive Binary Black Holes, Karishma Bansal

Shared Knowledge Conference

Black holes exist in a various range of masses ranging from stellar mass (~ 10 Solar Mass) to Supermassive black holes (SMBHs, million to billion Solar Mass). It is expected that as the separation between the black holes decreases, emission of gravitational waves will grow stronger, which makes binary black holes one of the most promising sources for gravitational radiation detection. Gravitational waves from merging stellar-mass black holes have recently been discovered by LIGO; however, we are yet to detect them from binary SMBHs. These massive black holes reside at the heart of most of the galaxies and when two such ...


Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti Nov 2018

Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti

Shared Knowledge Conference

Ultrasonic monitoring in cementitious materials is challenging due to the high degree of attenuation. In wellbore environments, monitoring becomes more challenging due to inaccessibility. Meta materials, also known as acoustic bandgap materials, exhibit an interesting feature of forbidding the propagation of elastic/sound waves and isolate vibration in a certain frequency band. Traditionally, acoustic bandgap materials are developed with inclusions such as tin, aluminum, gold, steel in a polymer matrix. In this study, we present the development of three-dimensional cementitious sensors capable of exhibiting stopbands in the acoustic transmission spectra using carbon nanotubes. Relatively wide stopbands were engineered using Floquet-Bloch ...


Nonthermal Dark Matter From Early Matter Domination, Jacek Ksawery Osinski Nov 2018

Nonthermal Dark Matter From Early Matter Domination, Jacek Ksawery Osinski

Shared Knowledge Conference

Dark matter (DM) production in the early universe traditionally assumes a standard thermal history where the universe is in a radiation-dominated phase after the end of inflation until matter-radiation equality. However, the presence of additional scalar fields (which is a generic prediction of explicit string constructions) can lead to an epoch of early matter domination (EMD) that ends before the onset of big bang nucleosynthesis. Such an EMD phase has important cosmological consequences and renders thermal production of DM irrelevant. We present three scenarios for DM production involving an era of EMD: evaporation of primordial black holes into DM, DM ...


Sampling Complexity Of Bosonic Random Walkers On A One-Dimensional Lattice, Gopikrishnan Muraleedharan, Akimasa Miyake, Ivan Deutsch Nov 2018

Sampling Complexity Of Bosonic Random Walkers On A One-Dimensional Lattice, Gopikrishnan Muraleedharan, Akimasa Miyake, Ivan Deutsch

Shared Knowledge Conference

Computers based quantum logic are believed to solve problems faster and more efficiently than computers based on classical boolean logic. However, a large-scale universal quantum computer with error correction may not be realized in near future. But we can ask the question: can we devise a specific problem that a quantum device can solve faster than current state of the art super computers? One such problem is the so called "Boson Sampling" problem introduced by Aaronson and Arkhipov. The problem is to generate random numbers according to same distribution as the output number configurations of photons in linear optics. It ...


Pulsed Fiber Optics Lasers As Highly Sensitive Sensors, Hanieh Afkhamiardakani Nov 2018

Pulsed Fiber Optics Lasers As Highly Sensitive Sensors, Hanieh Afkhamiardakani

Shared Knowledge Conference

An interferometer or resonator is a device in which optical beams of specific frequencies circulate with minimal losses. These losses are completely compensated by the gain inside a laser resonator. A small perturbation introduced inside the laser can affect its frequency, which in turns becomes a metric of that perturbation. The perturbation is usually caused by an electric or magnetic field, rotation, acceleration, nonlinear index of refraction etc. Tiny changes of optical frequency are monitored by superimposing the laser field and a reference field (from the same laser) on a detector. This technique requires creating a laser in which two ...


Two Applications Of High Order Methods: Wave Propagation And Accelerator Physics, Oleksii Beznosov Nov 2018

Two Applications Of High Order Methods: Wave Propagation And Accelerator Physics, Oleksii Beznosov

Shared Knowledge Conference

Numerical simulations of partial differential equations (PDE) are used to predict the behavior of complex physics phenomena when the real life experiments are expensive. Discretization of a PDE is the representation of the continuous problem as a discrete problem that can be solved on a computer. The discretization always introduces a certain inaccuracy caused by the numerical approximation. By increasing the computational cost of the numerical algorithm the solution can be computed more accurately. In the theory of numerical analysis this fact is called the convergence of the numerical algorithm. The idea behind high order methods is to improve the ...


End-To-End Deep Learning Systems For Scene Understanding, Path Planning And Navigation In Fire Fighter Teams, Manish Bhattarai Nov 2018

End-To-End Deep Learning Systems For Scene Understanding, Path Planning And Navigation In Fire Fighter Teams, Manish Bhattarai

Shared Knowledge Conference

Firefighting is a dynamic activity with many operations occurring simultaneously. Maintaining situational awareness, defined as knowledge of current conditions and activities at the scene, are critical to accurate decision making. Firefighters often carry various sensors in their personal equipment, namely thermal cameras, gas sensors, and microphones. Improved data processing techniques can mine this data more effectively and be used to improve situational awareness at all times thereby improving real-time decision making and minimizing errors in judgment induced by environmental conditions and anxiety levels. This objective of this research employs state of the art Machine Learning (ML) techniques to create an ...


Assessing Water Policy Implications Of The Changing Agriculture In New Mexico, Trevor A. Birt Nov 2018

Assessing Water Policy Implications Of The Changing Agriculture In New Mexico, Trevor A. Birt

Shared Knowledge Conference

Agriculture is the dominant water sector in New Mexico, responsible for more than 80% of water withdrawals in 2015 (USGS 2018). Water policy needs to be extremely adaptive and informed to meet the needs of not only farmers, but cities, industry and riparian uses. Since 1840, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has conducted census surveys assessing all levels of agriculture. These data are physically published at the county, state, and national level on a 5-year cycle, detailing various material counts such as acreage, yields, and water usage, as well as socioeconomic estimates of farm costs, revenues, and hired ...


High-Resolution Digital Surface Characterization Of The Rio Chama In New Mexico, Rowan L. Converse Nov 2018

High-Resolution Digital Surface Characterization Of The Rio Chama In New Mexico, Rowan L. Converse

Shared Knowledge Conference

Over the past eighty years, the Rio Chama, a major tributary of the Rio Grande in New Mexico, has been subject to significant disruption of historic hydrological flow regimes due to water use demands. In recent years, a multiagency management effort has been initiated to restore some measure of historic flow regimes in the 39.6 km congressionally designated Wild and Scenic stretch through the Rio Chama Canyon Wilderness. We collaborated with managers at the US Army Corps of Engineers to collect approximately 15,870 frames of 10cm resolution multispectral imagery of the 82 km stretch of the river between ...


Reaction Simulations: A Rapid Development Framework, Brendan Drake Donohoe Nov 2018

Reaction Simulations: A Rapid Development Framework, Brendan Drake Donohoe

Shared Knowledge Conference

Chemical Reaction Networks (CRNs) are a popular tool in the chemical sciences for providing a means of analyzing and modeling complex reaction systems. In recent years, CRNs have attracted attention in the field of molecular computing for their ability to simulate the components of a digital computer. The reactions within such networks may occur at several different scales relative to one another – at rates often too difficult to directly measure and analyze in a laboratory setting. To facilitate the construction and analysis of such networks, we propose a reduced order model for simulating such networks as a system of Differential ...


Are The Oxygen Isotope Values Of The Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Different From The Open Ocean?, Camille H. Dwyer, Corinne Myers, Viorel Atudorei Nov 2018

Are The Oxygen Isotope Values Of The Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway Different From The Open Ocean?, Camille H. Dwyer, Corinne Myers, Viorel Atudorei

Shared Knowledge Conference

The Western Interior Seaway (WIS) was a North American epicontinental sea that was connected to the open ocean through the passage of the northern Boreal Sea and the southern Tethys Sea from the early Albian (~113 million years ago) to the early Paleogene (~65 million years ago). The WIS began to recced and lost its connection to the southern Tethys Sea in the late Campanian (~72 million years ago). In the early Paleogene, the WIS dried up completely. The oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O) of benthic bivalves was measured from the upper Campanian and lower Maastrichtian (75 million years ago to ...


Charge Transfer Plasmon Resonances In Metallic Nanorod-Film Systems, Paul J. Gieri Nov 2018

Charge Transfer Plasmon Resonances In Metallic Nanorod-Film Systems, Paul J. Gieri

Shared Knowledge Conference

Understanding how the plasmonic response of colloidally grown metallic nanostructures changes when coupled to a metallic film is an important research problem with significant consequences for a number of applications such as sensing, solar energy harvesting, spectroscopy, and photochemistry, to name a few. In this work we investigate, both through experimental and theoretical approaches, the optical response of ligand coated gold nanorods and their interaction with gold films. We find that the scattering response of these systems is dominated by a charge transfer plasmon, in which charge flows between the particle and film. Additionally, we show that the characteristics of ...


Natural Trace Element Salinization Of The Jemez River, New Mexico By Geothermal Springs And Major Tributaries, Jon K. Golla, Laura J. Crossey, Abdul-Mehdi S. Ali, Karl E. Karlstrom Nov 2018

Natural Trace Element Salinization Of The Jemez River, New Mexico By Geothermal Springs And Major Tributaries, Jon K. Golla, Laura J. Crossey, Abdul-Mehdi S. Ali, Karl E. Karlstrom

Shared Knowledge Conference

The Jemez River (JR), a tributary of the Rio Grande, is in north-central New Mexico within the Jemez Mountains, which houses the active, high-temperature (≤ 300 oC), liquid-dominated Valles Caldera geothermal system (VC). This work focuses on the northern portion of the JR, spanning a reach from the East Fork JR to the town of San Ysidro. Previous decadal work during low-flow or baseflow conditions (~10-20 cfs) has identified and characterized significant major-solute contributions from two outflow expressions of the VC, Soda Dam Springs and Jemez Hot Springs, and two major tributaries, Rio San Antonio and Rio Guadalupe. There is generally ...


Genetic Algorithm Design Of Photonic Crystals For Energy-Efficient Ultrafast Laser Transmitters, Troy A. Hutchins-Delgado Nov 2018

Genetic Algorithm Design Of Photonic Crystals For Energy-Efficient Ultrafast Laser Transmitters, Troy A. Hutchins-Delgado

Shared Knowledge Conference

Photonic crystals allow light to be controlled and manipulated such that novel photonic devices can be created. We are interested in using photonic crystals to increase the energy efficiency of our semiconductor whistle-geometry ring lasers. A photonic crystal will enable us to reduce the ring size, while maintaining confinement, thereby reducing its operating power. Photonic crystals can also exhibit slow light that will increase the interaction with the material. This will increase the gain, and therefore, lower the threshold for lasing to occur. Designing a photonic crystal for a particular application can be a challenge due to its number of ...


Analysis Of Ranked Gene Tree Probability Distributions Under The Coalescent Process For Detecting Anomaly Zones, Anastasiia Kim Nov 2018

Analysis Of Ranked Gene Tree Probability Distributions Under The Coalescent Process For Detecting Anomaly Zones, Anastasiia Kim

Shared Knowledge Conference

In phylogenetic studies, gene trees are used to reconstruct species tree. Under the multispecies coalescent model, gene trees topologies may differ from that of species trees. The incorrect gene tree topology (one that does not match the species tree) that is more probable than the correct one is termed anomalous gene tree (AGT). Species trees that can generate such AGTs are said to be in the anomaly zone (AZ). In this region, the method of choosing the most common gene tree as the estimate of the species tree will be inconsistent and will converge to an incorrect species tree when ...


Genome-Wide Analysis Of Alternative Rna Splicing In Children With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (Aml), Xichen Li Nov 2018

Genome-Wide Analysis Of Alternative Rna Splicing In Children With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (Aml), Xichen Li

Shared Knowledge Conference

The pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a high-risk and hard-to-treat childhood cancer that originates in the bone marrow from immature white blood cells. Recently, more and more evidence indicates that aberrant splicing of genes is a common characteristic for AML. Gene expression profiles have proved extremely useful for identifying genes that are associated with clinical characteristics and survival outcome of cancer patients. However, conventional gene expression profiles do not account for the differences observed in expressed isoforms when alternative RNA splicing is analyzed. Alternative RNA splicing can generate dozens of distinct transcripts from individual genes and the expressions of ...


Combined High-Speed Single Particle Tracking Of Membrane Proteins And Super-Resolution Of Membrane-Associated Structures, Hanieh Mazloom Farsibaf, Keith A. Lidke Nov 2018

Combined High-Speed Single Particle Tracking Of Membrane Proteins And Super-Resolution Of Membrane-Associated Structures, Hanieh Mazloom Farsibaf, Keith A. Lidke

Shared Knowledge Conference

Many experiments have shown that the diffusive motion of lipids and membrane proteins are slower on the cell surface than those in artificial lipid bilayers or blebs. One hypothesis that may partially explain this mystery is the effect of the cytoskeleton structures on the protein dynamics. A model proposed by Kusumi [1] is the Fence-Picket Model which describes the cell membrane as a set of compartment regions, each ~ 10 to 200 nm in size, created by direct or indirect interaction of lipids and proteins with actin filaments just below the membrane. To test this hypothesis, we have assembled a high-speed ...