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2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 62

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Dynamics Of Density Cavities Generated By Frictional Heating: Formation, Distortion, And Instability, M. D. Zettergren, J. L. Semeter, H. Dahlgren Dec 2015

Dynamics Of Density Cavities Generated By Frictional Heating: Formation, Distortion, And Instability, M. D. Zettergren, J. L. Semeter, H. Dahlgren

Publications

A simulation study of the generation and evolution of mesoscale density cavities in the polar ionosphere is conducted using a time-dependent, nonlinear, quasi-electrostatic model. The model demonstrates that density cavities, generated by frictional heating, can form in as little as 90 s due to strong electric fields of ∼120 mV/m, which are sometimes observed near auroral zone and polar cap arcs. Asymmetric density cavity features and strong plasma density gradients perpendicular to the geomagnetic field are naturally generated as a consequence of the strong convection and finite extent of the auroral feature. The walls of the auroral density cavities ...


An Economic Regression Model To Predict Market Movements, Timothy A. Smith, Andrew Hawkins Dec 2015

An Economic Regression Model To Predict Market Movements, Timothy A. Smith, Andrew Hawkins

Publications

In finance, multiple linear regression models are frequently used to determine the value of an asset based on its underlying traits. We built a regression model to predict the value of the S&P 500 based on economic indicators of gross domestic product, money supply, produce price and consumer price indices. Correlation between the error in this regression model and the S&P’s volatility index (VIX) provides an efficient way to predict when large changes in the price of the S&P 500 may occur. As the true value of the S&P 500 deviates from the predicted value ...


Gravitons To Photons--Attenuation Of Gravitational Waves, Preston Jones, Douglas Singleton Nov 2015

Gravitons To Photons--Attenuation Of Gravitational Waves, Preston Jones, Douglas Singleton

Publications

In this essay, we examine the response of an Unruh–DeWitt (UD) detector (a quantum two-level system) to a gravitational wave background. The spectrum of the UD detector is of the same form as some scattering processes or three body decays such as muon-electron scattering or muon decay. Based on this similarity, we propose that the UD detector response implies a “decay” or attenuation of gravitons, G, into photons, γ, via G+G→γ+γ or G→γ+γ+G. Over large distances such a decay/attenuation may have consequences in regard to the detection of gravitational waves.


Wintertime Weather-Climate Variability And Its Links To Early Spring Ice-Out In Maine Lakes, Mussie Beyene, Shaleen Jain Nov 2015

Wintertime Weather-Climate Variability And Its Links To Early Spring Ice-Out In Maine Lakes, Mussie Beyene, Shaleen Jain

Publications

In recent decades, Maine lakes have recorded their earliest ice-out dates in over a century. In temperate regions, seasonal lake ice-cover is a critical phenomenon linking climate, aquatic ecosystem and society. And the lengthening of the ice-free period due to warmer climate has been linked to increased algal growth and declining lake water quality, warming of water temperatures leading to alterations in aquatic biodiversity, and the shortening of ice-fishing period and other traditional winter activities over lakes. In this study, historical record of eight lakes and six benchmarked meteorological stations in Maine for the period 1950–2010 were analyzed to ...


The Impact Of Solar Wind Ulf Bz Fluctuations On Geomagnetic Activity For Viscous Timescales During Strongly Northward And Southward Imf, A. Osmane, A. P. Dimmock, R. Naderpour, T. I. Pulkkinen, K. Nykyri Nov 2015

The Impact Of Solar Wind Ulf Bz Fluctuations On Geomagnetic Activity For Viscous Timescales During Strongly Northward And Southward Imf, A. Osmane, A. P. Dimmock, R. Naderpour, T. I. Pulkkinen, K. Nykyri

Publications

We analyze more than 17 years of OMNI data to statistically quantify the impact of IMF Bz fluctuations on AL by using higher-order moments in the AL-distribution as a proxy. For strongly southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), the AL distribution function is characterized by a decrease of the skewness, a shift of its peak from −30 nT to −200 nT, and a broadening of the distribution core. During northward IMF, the distribution of AL is characterized by a significant reduction of the standard deviation and weight in the tail. Following this characterization of AL for southward and northward IMF, we ...


A Coordinated Study Of 1-H Mesoscale Gravity Waves Propagating From Logan To Boulder With Crrl Na Doppler Lidars And Temperature Mapper, Xian Liu, Cao Chen, Wentao Huang, John A. Smith, Xinzhao Chu, Tao Yuan, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, Michael J. Taylor, Jie Gong, Chihoko Y. Cullens Oct 2015

A Coordinated Study Of 1-H Mesoscale Gravity Waves Propagating From Logan To Boulder With Crrl Na Doppler Lidars And Temperature Mapper, Xian Liu, Cao Chen, Wentao Huang, John A. Smith, Xinzhao Chu, Tao Yuan, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, Michael J. Taylor, Jie Gong, Chihoko Y. Cullens

Publications

We present the first coordinated study using two lidars at two separate locations to characterize a 1 h mesoscale gravity wave event in the mesopause region. The simultaneous observations were made with the Student Training and Atmospheric Research (STAR) Na Doppler lidar at Boulder, CO, and the Utah State University Na Doppler lidar and temperature mapper at Logan, UT, on 27 November 2013. The high precision possessed by the STAR lidar enabled these waves to be detected in vertical wind. The mean wave amplitudes are ~0.44 m/s in vertical wind and ~1% in relative temperature at altitudes of ...


Pattern Formation Of Elastic Waves And Energy Localization Due To Elastic Gratings, A. Berezovski, J. Engelbrecht, Mihhail Berezovski Oct 2015

Pattern Formation Of Elastic Waves And Energy Localization Due To Elastic Gratings, A. Berezovski, J. Engelbrecht, Mihhail Berezovski

Publications

Elastic wave propagation through diffraction gratings is studied numerically in the plane strain setting. The interaction of the waves with periodically ordered elastic inclusions leads to a self-imaging Talbot effect for the wavelength equal or close to the grating size. The energy localization is observed at the vicinity of inclusions in the case of elastic gratings. Such a localization is absent in the case of rigid gratings.


Momentum Flux Estimates Accompanying Multi-Scale Gravity Waves Over Mt. Cook, New Zealand On 13 July 2014 During The Deepwave Campaign, Katrina Bossert, David C. Fritts, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, Bifford P. Williams, Michael J. Taylor, Bernd Kaifler, Andrea Dornbrack, Iain M. Reid, Damian J. Murphy, Andrew J. Spargo, Andrew D. Mackinnon Sep 2015

Momentum Flux Estimates Accompanying Multi-Scale Gravity Waves Over Mt. Cook, New Zealand On 13 July 2014 During The Deepwave Campaign, Katrina Bossert, David C. Fritts, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, Bifford P. Williams, Michael J. Taylor, Bernd Kaifler, Andrea Dornbrack, Iain M. Reid, Damian J. Murphy, Andrew J. Spargo, Andrew D. Mackinnon

Publications

Observations performed with a Rayleigh lidar and an Advanced Mesosphere Temperature Mapper aboard the National Science Foundation/National Center for Atmospheric Research Gulfstream V research aircraft on 13 July 2014 during the Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE) measurement program revealed a large-amplitude, multiscale gravity wave (GW) environment extending from ~20 to 90 km on flight tracks over Mount Cook, New Zealand. Data from four successive flight tracks are employed here to assess the characteristics and variability of the larger- and smaller-scale GWs, including their spatial scales, amplitudes, phase speeds, and momentum fluxes. On each flight, a large-scale mountain wave ...


Ionospheric Response To Infrasonic-Acoustic Waves Generated By Natural Hazard Events, M. D. Zettergren, J. B. Snively Sep 2015

Ionospheric Response To Infrasonic-Acoustic Waves Generated By Natural Hazard Events, M. D. Zettergren, J. B. Snively

Publications

"Recent measurements of GPS-derived total electron content (TEC) reveal acoustic wave periods of ∼1–4 min in the F region ionosphere following natural hazard events, such as earthquakes, severe weather, and volcanoes. Here we simulate the ionospheric responses to infrasonic-acoustic waves, generated by vertical accelerations at the Earth’s surface or within the lower atmosphere, using a compressible atmospheric dynamics model to perturb a multifluid ionospheric model. Response dependencies on wave source geometry and spectrum are investigated at middle, low, and equatorial latitudes. Results suggest constraints on wave amplitudes that are consistent with observations and that provide insight on the ...


Testing Lorentz Symmetry With Planetary Orbital Dynamics, A. Hees, Q. G. Bailey, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, A. Bourgoin, A. Rivoldini, B. Lamine, F. Meynadier, C. Guerlin, P. Wolf Sep 2015

Testing Lorentz Symmetry With Planetary Orbital Dynamics, A. Hees, Q. G. Bailey, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, A. Bourgoin, A. Rivoldini, B. Lamine, F. Meynadier, C. Guerlin, P. Wolf

Publications

Planetary ephemerides are a very powerful tool to constrain deviations from the theory of general relativity (GR) using orbital dynamics. The effective field theory framework called the Standard-Model Extension (SME) has been developed in order to systematically parametrize hypothetical violations of Lorentz symmetry (in the Standard Model and in the gravitational sector). In this communication, we use the latest determinations of the supplementary advances of the perihelia and of the nodes obtained by planetary ephemerides analysis to constrain SME coefficients from the pure gravity sector and also from gravity-matter couplings. Our results do not show any deviation from GR and ...


Impact Of Declining Proposal Success Rates On Scientific Productivity, Ted Von Hippel, Priscilla Cushman, Todd Hoeksema, Chryssa Kouveliotou, James Lowenthal, Bradley Peterson, Keivan G. Stassun, Sep 2015

Impact Of Declining Proposal Success Rates On Scientific Productivity, Ted Von Hippel, Priscilla Cushman, Todd Hoeksema, Chryssa Kouveliotou, James Lowenthal, Bradley Peterson, Keivan G. Stassun,

Publications

Over the last decade proposal success rates in the fundamental sciences have dropped significantly. Astronomy and related fields funded by NASA and NSF are no exception. Data across agencies show that this is not principally the result of a decline in proposal merit (the proportion of proposals receiving high rankings is largely unchanged), nor of a shift in proposer demographics (seniority, gender, and institutional affiliation have all remained unchanged), nor of an increase (beyond inflation) in the average requested funding per proposal, nor of an increase in the number of proposals per investigator in any one year. Rather, the statistics ...


Self-Accleration And Instability Of Gravity Wave Packets: 1. Effects Of Temporal Localization, David C. Fritts, Brian Laughman, Thomas S. Lund, Jonathan B. Snively Sep 2015

Self-Accleration And Instability Of Gravity Wave Packets: 1. Effects Of Temporal Localization, David C. Fritts, Brian Laughman, Thomas S. Lund, Jonathan B. Snively

Publications

"An anelastic numerical model is used to explore the dynamics accompanying the attainment of large amplitudes by gravity waves (GWs) that are localized in altitude and time. GW momentum transport induces mean flow variations accompanying a GW packet that grows exponentially with altitude, is localized in altitude, and induces significant GW phase speed, and phase, variations across the GW packet. These variations arise because the GW occupies the region undergoing accelerations, with the induced phase speed variations referred to as “self-acceleration.” Results presented here reveal that self-acceleration of a GW packet localized in time and altitude ultimately leads to stalling ...


The Impact Of Climate Change On Select Ecosystems, Mary Snow, Richard Snow Sep 2015

The Impact Of Climate Change On Select Ecosystems, Mary Snow, Richard Snow

Publications

Terrestrial and marine environments are experiencing pronounced changes. As species and their ecosystems undergo rising temperatures, varying precipitation patterns and alterations in their chemistry and phenology, there is a great deal of added stress on many organisms. Many species attempting to adapt to a rapidly changing climate are forced to migrate or to become extinct. Forest communities are changing in composition as well as migrating northward. Often, roads, cities, and other forms of development physically impede migration. Some species are not able to migrate at the pace with which their ecosystems are warming. In some forest communities, southern boundaries are ...


Gaise Into The Future: Updating A Landmark Report For An Increasingly Data-Centric World, Michelle Everson, Paul Velleman, Beverly Wood, John Gabrosek, Megan Mocko, Robert Carver Aug 2015

Gaise Into The Future: Updating A Landmark Report For An Increasingly Data-Centric World, Michelle Everson, Paul Velleman, Beverly Wood, John Gabrosek, Megan Mocko, Robert Carver

Publications

Ever since its official endorsement by the American Statistical Association in 2005, the Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education (GAISE) College Report has had a profound impact on the teaching of statistics. Now, a decade later, it is important to recognize the changing nature in what and how we teach our introductory statistics students. Changes in technology and assessment practices, just over the past 10 years, have made it possible to do new and exciting things in our courses, in very different ways than were envisioned by the authors of the original GAISE College Report. Further, our world ...


An Analysis Of Spatio-Temporal Landscape Patterns For Protected Areas In Northern New England: 1099-2010, Spencer Meyer, Mary-Kate Beard-Tisdale, Christopher S. Cronan, Robert Lilieholm Aug 2015

An Analysis Of Spatio-Temporal Landscape Patterns For Protected Areas In Northern New England: 1099-2010, Spencer Meyer, Mary-Kate Beard-Tisdale, Christopher S. Cronan, Robert Lilieholm

Publications

Context: Landscape ecology theory provides insight about how large assemblages of protected areas (PAs) should be configured to protect biodiversity. We adapted these theories to evaluate whether the emergence of decentralized land protection in a largely private landscape followed the principles of reserve design. Objectives: Our objectives were to determine: (1) Are there distinct clusters of PAs in time and space? (2) Are PAs becoming more spatially clustered through time? and (3) Does the resulting PA portfolio have traits characteristic of ideal reserve design? Methods: We developed an historical dataset of the PAs enacted since 1900 in the northern New ...


Two-Dimensional Structures In The Quintic Ginzburg-Landau Equation, Florent Bérard, Charles-Julien Vandamme, Stefan C. Mancas Aug 2015

Two-Dimensional Structures In The Quintic Ginzburg-Landau Equation, Florent Bérard, Charles-Julien Vandamme, Stefan C. Mancas

Publications

By using ZEUS cluster at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University we perform extensive numerical simulations based on a two-dimensional Fourier spectral method Fourier spatial discretization and an explicit scheme for time differencing) to find the range of existence of the spatiotemporal solitons of the two-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with cubic and quintic nonlinearities. We start from the parameters used by Akhmediev et. al. and slowly vary them one by one to determine the regimes where solitons exist as stable/unstable structures. We present eight classes of dissipative solitons from which six are known (stationary, pulsating, vortex spinning, filament, exploding, creeping) and two ...


The Life Cycle Of Instability Features Measured From The Andes Lidar Observatory Over Cerro Pachon On 24 March 2012, J. H. Hecht, K. Wan, Lynette Gelinas, David Fritts, R. L. Walterscheid, R. J. Rudy, Alan Liu, Steven J. Franke, Fabio Vargas, P. -D. Pautet, Michael Taylor, Gary Swenson, Jul 2015

The Life Cycle Of Instability Features Measured From The Andes Lidar Observatory Over Cerro Pachon On 24 March 2012, J. H. Hecht, K. Wan, Lynette Gelinas, David Fritts, R. L. Walterscheid, R. J. Rudy, Alan Liu, Steven J. Franke, Fabio Vargas, P. -D. Pautet, Michael Taylor, Gary Swenson,

Publications

The Aerospace Corporation's Nightglow Imager (ANI) observes nighttime OH emission (near 1.6 µm) every 2 s over an approximate 73¬∞ field of view. ANI had previously been used to study instability features seen over Maui. Here we describe observations of instabilities seen from 5 to 8 UT on 24 March 2012 over Cerro Pachon, Chile, and compare them with previous results from Maui, with theory, and with Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS). The atmosphere had reduced stability because of the large negative temperature gradients measured by a Na lidar. Thus, regions of dynamical and convective instabilities are expected to ...


Nonstationarity In Seasonality Of Extreme Precipitation: A Nonparametric Circular Statistical Approach And Its Application., Nirajan Dhakal, Shaleen Jain, Alexander Gray, Michael Dandy, Esperanza Stancioff Jul 2015

Nonstationarity In Seasonality Of Extreme Precipitation: A Nonparametric Circular Statistical Approach And Its Application., Nirajan Dhakal, Shaleen Jain, Alexander Gray, Michael Dandy, Esperanza Stancioff

Publications

Changes in seasonality of extreme storms have important implications for public safety, storm water infrastructure, and, in general, adaptation strategies in a changing climate. While past research on this topic offers some approaches to characterize seasonality, the methods are somewhat limited in their ability to discern the diversity of distributional types for extreme precipitation dates. Herein, we present a comprehensive approach for assessment of temporal changes in the calendar dates for extreme precipitation within a circular statistics framework which entails: (a) three measures to summarize circular random variables (traditional approach), (b) four nonparametric statistical tests, and (c) a new nonparametric ...


Evaluation Of A Waistband For Attaching External Radiotransmitters To Anurans, Luke Alexander Groff, Amber Pitt, Robert Baldwin, Aram J K Calhoun, Cynthia Loftin Jul 2015

Evaluation Of A Waistband For Attaching External Radiotransmitters To Anurans, Luke Alexander Groff, Amber Pitt, Robert Baldwin, Aram J K Calhoun, Cynthia Loftin

Publications

Radiotelemetry provides fine-scale temporal and spatial information about an individual's movements and habitat use; however, its use for monitoring amphibians has been restricted by transmitter mass and lack of suitable attachment techniques. We describe a novel waistband for attaching external radiotransmitters to anurans and evaluate the percentages of resulting abrasions, lacerations, and shed transmitters. We used radiotelemetry to monitor movements and habitat use of wood frogs (Lithobates sylvaticus) in 2006 and 2011–2013 in Maine, USA; American toads (Anaxyrus americanus) in 2012 in North Carolina, USA; and, wood frogs, southern leopard frogs (L. sphenocephalus), and green frogs (L. clamitans ...


Toric Partial Orders, Mike Develin, Matthew Macauley, Victor Reiner Jul 2015

Toric Partial Orders, Mike Develin, Matthew Macauley, Victor Reiner

Publications

We define toric partial orders, corresponding to regions of graphic toric hyperplane arrangements, just as ordinary partial orders correspond to regions of graphic hyperplane arrangements. Combinatorially, toric posets correspond to finite posets under the equivalence relation generated by converting minimal elements into maximal elements, or sources into sinks. We derive toric analogues for several features of ordinary partial orders, such as chains, antichains, transitivity, Hasse diagrams, linear extensions, and total orders.


A Meteorological Analysis Of The 2013 Alberta Flood: Antecendent Large-Scale Flow Pattern And Synoptic-Dynamic Characteristics, Shawn M. Milrad, John R. Gyakum, Eyad H. Atallah Jul 2015

A Meteorological Analysis Of The 2013 Alberta Flood: Antecendent Large-Scale Flow Pattern And Synoptic-Dynamic Characteristics, Shawn M. Milrad, John R. Gyakum, Eyad H. Atallah

Publications

The 19–21 June 2013 Alberta flood was the costliest (CAD $6 billion) natural disaster in Canadian history. The flood was caused by a combination of above-normal spring snowmelt in the Canadian Rockies, large antecedent precipitation, and an extreme rainfall event on 19–21 June that produced rainfall totals of 76 mm in Calgary and 91 mm in the foothills. As is typical of flash floods along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, rapidly rising streamflow proceeded to move downhill (eastward) into Calgary.

A meteorological analysis traces an antecedent Rossby wave train across the North Pacific Ocean, starting with ...


Formation Of Three-Dimensional Surface Waves On Deep-Water Using Elliptic Solutions Of Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation, Shahrdad G. Sajjadi, Stefan C. Mancas, Frederique Drullion Jul 2015

Formation Of Three-Dimensional Surface Waves On Deep-Water Using Elliptic Solutions Of Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation, Shahrdad G. Sajjadi, Stefan C. Mancas, Frederique Drullion

Publications

A review of three-dimensional waves on deep-water is presented. Three forms of three-dimensionality, namely oblique, forced and spontaneous types, are identified. An alternative formulation for these three-dimensional waves is given through cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The periodic solutions of the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation are found using Weierstrass elliptic ℘ functions. It is shown that the classification of solutions depends on the boundary conditions, wavenumber and frequency. For certain parameters, Weierstrass ℘ functions are reduced to periodic, hyperbolic or Jacobi elliptic functions. It is demonstrated that some of these solutions do not have any physical significance. An analytical solution of cubic nonlinear ...


Gravity Wave Propagation Through A Vertically And Horizontally Inhomogeneous Background Wind, C. J. Heale, J. B. Snively Jun 2015

Gravity Wave Propagation Through A Vertically And Horizontally Inhomogeneous Background Wind, C. J. Heale, J. B. Snively

Publications

"A combination of ray theory and 2-D time-dependent simulations is used to investigate the linear effects of a time-dependent, vertically, and horizontally inhomogeneous background horizontal wind field on the propagation, refraction, and reflection of small-scale gravity wave packets. Interactions between propagating waves of different scales are likely to be numerous and important. We find that a static medium-scale wave wind field of sufficient amplitude can channel and/or critical-level filter a small-scale wave or cause significant reflection, depending upon both waves' parameters. However, the inclusion of a time-dependent phase progression of the medium-scale wave can reduce energy loss through critical-level ...


Solar Wind Energy Input To The Magnetosheath And At The Magnetopause, T. I. Pulkkinen, A. P. Dimmock, A. Osmane, K. Nykyri Jun 2015

Solar Wind Energy Input To The Magnetosheath And At The Magnetopause, T. I. Pulkkinen, A. P. Dimmock, A. Osmane, K. Nykyri

Publications

Using Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions During Substorms observations, we show that the efficiency of the energy entry through the magnetopause as measured by the Poynting vector normal component depends on the combination of the solar wind speed and the southward component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF): Most efficient energy transfer occurs when the IMF BZ is only moderately negative, and the solar wind speed is high. This means that for the same level of solar wind driver parameters (electric field, epsilon, or other), different combinations of V and BZ will produce different driving at the magnetopause ...


Barotropic Frw Cosmologies With Chiellini Damping In Comoving Time, Haret C. Rosu, Stefan C. Mancas, Pisin Chen Jun 2015

Barotropic Frw Cosmologies With Chiellini Damping In Comoving Time, Haret C. Rosu, Stefan C. Mancas, Pisin Chen

Publications

For nonzero cosmological constant Λ, we show that the barotropic FRW cosmologies as worked out in the comoving time lead in the radiation-dominated case to scale factors of identical form as for the Chiellini dissipative scale factors in conformal time obtained recently by us in Phys. Lett. A 379, 882 (2015). This is due to the Ermakov equation which is obtained in this case. For zero cosmological constant, several textbook solutions are easily obtained as particular cases of our formulas and hypergeometric solutions are also reminded.


Magnetic Flux Circulation In The Rotationally Driven Giant Magnetospheres, P. A. Delamere, A. Otto, X. Ma, F. Bagenal, R. J. Wilson Jun 2015

Magnetic Flux Circulation In The Rotationally Driven Giant Magnetospheres, P. A. Delamere, A. Otto, X. Ma, F. Bagenal, R. J. Wilson

Publications

The giant‐planet magnetodiscs are shaped by the radial transport of plasma originating in the inner magnetosphere. Magnetic flux transport is a key aspect of the stretched magnetic field configuration of the magnetodisc. While net mass transport is outward (ultimately lost to the solar wind), magnetic flux conservation requires a balanced two‐way transport process. Magnetic reconnection is a critical aspect of the balanced flux transport. We present a comprehensive analysis of current sheet crossings in Saturn's magnetosphere using Cassini magnetometer data from 2004 to 2012 in an attempt to quantify the circulation of magnetic flux, emphasizing local time ...


A Statistical Study Of The Dawn-Dusk Asymmetry Of Ion Temperature Anistrophy And Mirror Mode Occurrence In The Terrestrial Dayside Magnetosheath Using Themis Data, A. P. Dimmock, A. Osmane, T. I. Pulkkinen, K. Nykyri Jun 2015

A Statistical Study Of The Dawn-Dusk Asymmetry Of Ion Temperature Anistrophy And Mirror Mode Occurrence In The Terrestrial Dayside Magnetosheath Using Themis Data, A. P. Dimmock, A. Osmane, T. I. Pulkkinen, K. Nykyri

Publications

We present a statistical study of ion temperature anisotropy and mirror mode activity in the Earth's dayside magnetosheath using 6 years of Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) observations focusing on the quantification of dawn-dusk asymmetry as a function of upstream conditions and distance from the magnetopause. Our statistical data show a pronounced dusk favored asymmetry of T⊥/T∥ which drives a similar asymmetry of mirror mode activity. T⊥/T∥ decreases with increasing solar wind Alfvén Mach number, whereas mirror mode occurrence increases. In both cases, the relative asymmetry between the dawn and dusk flanks ...


Book Review: The Scientific Exploration Of Venus, T. D. Oswalt Jun 2015

Book Review: The Scientific Exploration Of Venus, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of The Scientific Exploration of Venus, by Fredric W. Taylor. Cambridge, 2014 295p bibl index, 9781107023482 $48.00


Observer-Based Sliding Mode Control Of Rijke-Type Combustion Instability, Jaime Rubio-Hervas, Mahmut Reyhanoglu, William Mackunis Jun 2015

Observer-Based Sliding Mode Control Of Rijke-Type Combustion Instability, Jaime Rubio-Hervas, Mahmut Reyhanoglu, William Mackunis

Publications

Observer-based sliding mode control of combustion instability in a Rijke-type thermoacoustic system is considered. A commonly used thermoacoustic model with sensors and monopole-like actuators is linearized and formulated in a statespace form. It is assumed that the velocity or pressure sensor locations are chosen to assure the observability of the system. An observer-based sliding mode controller is then implemented to tune the actuators so that the system is asymptotically stable. The effectiveness of the controller is illustrated through a simulation example involving two modes and one sensor. The successful demonstration indicates that the observer-based feedback controller can be applied to ...


Lower Thermospheric Response To Atmospheric Gravity Waves Induced By The 2011 Tohoku Tsunami, Yonghui Yu, Zhiyu Yan, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D. May 2015

Lower Thermospheric Response To Atmospheric Gravity Waves Induced By The 2011 Tohoku Tsunami, Yonghui Yu, Zhiyu Yan, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D.

Publications

Previous GPS observations have revealed that while ionospheric TIDs were seen propagating in all directions away from the 2011 Tohoku earthquake epicenter, the total electron content (TEC) fluctuations associated with the subsequent tsunami were largest for waves propagating toward the northwest of the epicenter. Ionospheric motions observed approximately 10min after the earthquake were attributed to fast acoustic waves directly produced by the earthquake. Waves that first appeared about 40 min after the tsunami onset in TEC measurements were attributed to atmospheric gravity waves. In this paper, we conjecture that the remarkably different responses observed for the eastward and westward propagating ...