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2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Decolorization Of Anthraquinone Vat Blue 4 By The Free Cells Of An Autochthonous Bacterium, Bacillus Subtilis, Rajee Olaganathan, Jamila Patterson Dec 2009

Decolorization Of Anthraquinone Vat Blue 4 By The Free Cells Of An Autochthonous Bacterium, Bacillus Subtilis, Rajee Olaganathan, Jamila Patterson

Publications

Uncontaminated soil, Vat Blue 4 contaminated soil and Vat Blue 4 effluent were screened for heterotrophic bacterial population and the bacterial density were found to be 19.3 £ 104 Colony Forming Units (CFU)/gm, 5.5 £ 104 CFU/gm and 1.1 £ 104 CFU/ml respectively. Student’s ‘t’ test analysis affirmed that significant variation prevailed between the three set of ‘t’ tests conducted (P , 0.001 to 0.002). The heterotrophic bacterial population of dye contaminated soil comprised of 32.5% of Pseudomonas spp. followed by 27.5% of Bacillus spp., 15.0% of Aeromonas spp., 12.5% of ...


The White Dwarfs Within 20 Parsecs Of The Sun: Kinematics And Statistics, Edward M. Sion, J. B. Holberg, Terry D. Oswalt, George P. Mccook, Richard Wasatonic Oct 2009

The White Dwarfs Within 20 Parsecs Of The Sun: Kinematics And Statistics, Edward M. Sion, J. B. Holberg, Terry D. Oswalt, George P. Mccook, Richard Wasatonic

Publications

We present the kinematical properties, distribution of spectroscopic subtypes, and stellar population subcomponents of the white dwarfs within 20 pc of the Sun.We find no convincing evidence of halo white dwarfs in the total 20 pc sample of 129 white dwarfs nor is there convincing evidence of genuine thick disk subcomponent members within 20 parsecs. Virtually, the entire 20 pc sample likely belongs to the thin disk. The total DA to non-DA ratio of the 20 pc sample is 1.6, a manifestation of deepening envelope convection which transforms DA stars with sufficiently thin H surface layers into non-DAs ...


Gravity Wave Ducting In The Upper Mesosphere And Lower Thermosphere Duct System, R. L. Walterscheid, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D. Oct 2009

Gravity Wave Ducting In The Upper Mesosphere And Lower Thermosphere Duct System, R. L. Walterscheid, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D.

Publications

We report on a numerical study of gravity wave propagation in a pair of ducts located in a region where dramatic changes in the airglow most likely associated with ducted wave trains are observed. We examine ducting in an upper mesosphere inversion (INV) and an always present lower thermosphere stable layer (LTD) for a range of phase speeds and horizontal wavelengths characteristic of ducting events. We analyze the propagation and modal structure of ducted waves for backgrounds with increasing realism, starting with a climatological temperature profile where only the LTD is present. In succession, we add the INV based on ...


Book Review: Finding The Big Bang, T. D. Oswalt Oct 2009

Book Review: Finding The Big Bang, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Finding the Big Bang edited by P. James E. Peebles, Lyman A. Page Jr., and R. Bruce Partridge Cambridge, 2009 571p, 9780521519823 $80.00


Update Sequence Stability In Graph Dynamical Systems, Matthew Macauley, Henning S. Mortveit Sep 2009

Update Sequence Stability In Graph Dynamical Systems, Matthew Macauley, Henning S. Mortveit

Publications

In this article, we study finite dynamical systems defined over graphs, where the functions are applied asynchronously. Our goal is to quantify and understand stability of the dynamics with respect to the update sequence, and to relate this to structural properties of the graph. We introduce and analyze three different notions of update sequence stability, each capturing different aspects of the dynamics. When compared to each other, these stability concepts yield vastly different conclusions regarding the relationship between stability and graph structure, painting a more complete picture of update sequence stability.


Using Population Synthesis Of Massive Stars To Study The Interstellar Medium Near Ob Associations, R. Voss, R. Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, M. Cerviño, J. S. Vink, G. Meynet, M. Limongi, A. Chieffi Sep 2009

Using Population Synthesis Of Massive Stars To Study The Interstellar Medium Near Ob Associations, R. Voss, R. Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, M. Cerviño, J. S. Vink, G. Meynet, M. Limongi, A. Chieffi

Publications

Aims. We study the massive stars in OB associations and their surrounding interstellar medium environment, using a population synthesis code. Methods. We developed a new population synthesis code for groups of massive stars, where we model the emission of different forms of energy and matter from the stars of the association. In particular, the ejection of the two radioactive isotopes 26Al and 60Fe is followed, as well as the emission of hydrogen ionizing photons, and the kinetic energy of the stellar winds and supernova explosions. We investigate various alternative astrophysical inputs and the resulting output sensitivities, especially effects due to ...


Accelerating Sift On Parallel Architectures, Amy Apon, Seth Warn, Wesley Emeneker, Jackson Cothren Sep 2009

Accelerating Sift On Parallel Architectures, Amy Apon, Seth Warn, Wesley Emeneker, Jackson Cothren

Publications

SIFT is a widely-used algorithm that extracts features from images; using it to extract information from hundreds of terabytes of aerial and satellite photographs requires parallelization in order to be feasible. We explore accelerating an existing serial SIFT implementation with OpenMP parallelization and GPU execution.


Waves In Inhomogeneous Solids, Arkadi Berezovski, Mihhail Berezovski, Juri Engelbrecht Aug 2009

Waves In Inhomogeneous Solids, Arkadi Berezovski, Mihhail Berezovski, Juri Engelbrecht

Publications

The paper aims at presenting a numerical technique used in simulating the propagation of waves in inhomogeneous elastic solids. The basic governing equations are solved by means of a finite-volume scheme that is faithful, accurate, and conservative. Furthermore, this scheme is compatible with thermodynamics through the identification of the notions of numerical fluxes (a notion from numerics) and of excess quantities (a notion from irreversible thermodynamics). A selection of one-dimensional wave propagation problems is presented, the simulation of which exploits the designed numerical scheme. This selection of exemplary problems includes (i) waves in periodic media for weakly nonlinear waves with ...


Weibel Instability And Associated Strong Fields In A Fully 3d Simulation Of A Relativistic Shock, K.-I. Nishikawa, J. Niemiec, P. E. Hardee, M. Medvedev, H. Sol, Y. Mizuno, B. Zhang, M. Pohl, M. Oka, Dieter H. Hartmann Aug 2009

Weibel Instability And Associated Strong Fields In A Fully 3d Simulation Of A Relativistic Shock, K.-I. Nishikawa, J. Niemiec, P. E. Hardee, M. Medvedev, H. Sol, Y. Mizuno, B. Zhang, M. Pohl, M. Oka, Dieter H. Hartmann

Publications

Plasma instabilities (e.g., Buneman, Weibel and other two-stream instabilities) excited in collision-less shocks are responsible for particle (electron, positron, and ion) acceleration. Using a new 3-D relativistic particle-in-cell code, we have investigated the particle acceleration and shock structure associated with an unmagnetized relativistic electron-positron jet propagating into an unmagnetized electron-positron plasma. The simulation has been performed using a long simulation system in order to study the nonlinear stages of the Weibel instability, the particle acceleration mechanism, and the shock structure. Cold jet electrons are thermalized and slowed while the ambient electrons are swept up to create a partially developed ...


Analysis And Modeling Of Ducted And Evanescent Gravity Waves Observed In The Hawaiian Airglow, D. B. Simkhada, J. B. Snively, M. J. Taylor, S. J. Franke Aug 2009

Analysis And Modeling Of Ducted And Evanescent Gravity Waves Observed In The Hawaiian Airglow, D. B. Simkhada, J. B. Snively, M. J. Taylor, S. J. Franke

Publications

Short-period gravity waves of especially-small horizontal scale have been observed in the Maui, Hawaii airglow. Typical small-scale gravity wave events have been investigated, and intrinsic wave propagation characteristics have been calculated from simultaneous meteor radar wind measurements. Here we report specific cases where wave structure is significantly determined by the local wind structure, and where wave characteristics are consistent with ducted or evanescent waves throughout the mesopause region. Two of the documented events, exhibiting similar airglow signatures but dramatically different propagation conditions, are selected for simple numerical modeling case studies. First, a Doppler-ducted wave trapped within relatively weak wind flow ...


Propagation Of Tsunami-Driven Gravity Waves Into The Thermosphere And Ionosphere, Michael P. Hickey, G. Schubert, R. L. Walterscheid Aug 2009

Propagation Of Tsunami-Driven Gravity Waves Into The Thermosphere And Ionosphere, Michael P. Hickey, G. Schubert, R. L. Walterscheid

Publications

Recent observations have revealed large F-region electron density perturbations (~100%) and total electron content (TEC) perturbations (~30%) that appear to be correlated with tsunamis. The characteristic speed and horizontal wavelength of the disturbances are ~200 m/s and ~400 km. We describe numerical simulations using our spectral full-wave model (SFWM) of the upward propagation of a spectrum of gravity waves forced by a tsunami, and the interaction of these waves with the F-region ionosphere. The SFWM describes the propagation of linear, steady-state acoustic-gravity waves in a nonisothermal atmosphere with the inclusion of eddy and molecular diffusion of heat and momentum ...


Tracing The Inner Edge Of The Disk Around Hd 100546 With Rovibrational Co Emission Lines, Sean D. Brittain, Joan R. Najita, John S. Carr Aug 2009

Tracing The Inner Edge Of The Disk Around Hd 100546 With Rovibrational Co Emission Lines, Sean D. Brittain, Joan R. Najita, John S. Carr

Publications

In this paper we present high-resolution 4.7 μm spectra of the isolated Herbig Be star HD 100546. HD 100546 has been the subject of intense scrutiny because it is a young nearby star with a transitional disk. We observe the Δv = 1 rovibrational CO transitions in order to clarify the distribution of warm gas in the inner disk. Modeling of the CO spectrum indicates that the gas is vibrationally excited by collisions and UV fluorescence. The observed emission extends from 13 to 100 AU. The inner edge of the molecular gas emission is consistent with the inner edge of ...


Revealing The Structure Of A Pre-Transitional Disk: The Case Of The Herbig F Star Sao 206462 (Hd 135344b), C A. Grady, G Schneider, M L. Sitko, G M. Williger, K Hamaguchi, Sean D. Brittain, K Ablordeppey, D Apai, L Beerman, W J. Carpenter Jul 2009

Revealing The Structure Of A Pre-Transitional Disk: The Case Of The Herbig F Star Sao 206462 (Hd 135344b), C A. Grady, G Schneider, M L. Sitko, G M. Williger, K Hamaguchi, Sean D. Brittain, K Ablordeppey, D Apai, L Beerman, W J. Carpenter

Publications

SAO 206462 (HD 135344B) has previously been identified as a Herbig F star with a circumstellar disk with a dip in its infrared excess near 10 mum. In combination with a low accretion rate estimated from Br gamma, it may represent a gapped, but otherwise primordial or "pre-transitional" disk. We test this hypothesis with Hubble Space Telescope coronagraphic imagery, FUV spectroscopy and imagery and archival X-ray data, and spectral energy distribution (SED) modeling constrained by the observed system inclination, disk outer radius, and outer disk radial surface brightness (SB) profile using the Whitney Monte Carlo Radiative Transfer Code. The essentially ...


A Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Survey Of Cool White Dwarfs In The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Murkremin Kilic, Piotr M. Kowalski, Ted Von Hippel Jul 2009

A Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Survey Of Cool White Dwarfs In The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Murkremin Kilic, Piotr M. Kowalski, Ted Von Hippel

Publications

We present near-infrared photometric observations of 15 and spectroscopic observations of 38 cool white dwarfs (WDs). This is the largest near-infrared spectroscopic survey of cool WDs to date. Combining the Sloan Digital Sky Survey photometry and our near-infrared data, we perform a detailed model atmosphere analysis. The spectral energy distributions of our objects are explained fairly well by model atmospheres with temperatures ranging from 6300 K down to 4200 K. Two WDs show significant absorption in the infrared, and are best explained with mixed H/He atmosphere models. Based on the up-to-date model atmosphere calculations by Kowalski & Saumon, we find ...


The First Two Transient Supersoft X-Ray Sources In M31 Globular Clusters And The Connection To Classical Novae, M. Henze, W. Pietsch, F. Haberl, G. Sala, R. Quimby, M. Hernanz, M. Della Valle, P. Milne, G. G. Williams, V Burwitz, J Greiner, H Stiele, Dieter H. Hartmann, A.K.H. Dong, K Hornoch Jun 2009

The First Two Transient Supersoft X-Ray Sources In M31 Globular Clusters And The Connection To Classical Novae, M. Henze, W. Pietsch, F. Haberl, G. Sala, R. Quimby, M. Hernanz, M. Della Valle, P. Milne, G. G. Williams, V Burwitz, J Greiner, H Stiele, Dieter H. Hartmann, A.K.H. Dong, K Hornoch

Publications

Context. Classical novae (CNe) have been found to represent the major class of supersoft X-ray sources (SSSs) in our neighbour galaxy M 31. Aims. We determine the properties and evolution of the two first SSSs ever discovered in the M 31 globular cluster (GC) system. Methods. We have used XMM-Newton, Chandra and Swift observations of the centre region of M 31 to discover both SSSs and to determine their X-ray light curves and spectra. We performed detailed analysis of XMM-Newton EPIC PN spectra of the source in Bol 111 (SS1) using blackbody and NLTE white dwarf (WD) atmosphere models. For ...


Synoptic-Scale Characteristics And Precursors Of Cool-Season Precipitation Events At St. John's, Newfoundland, 1979-2005, Shawn M. Milrad, Eyad H. Atallah, John R. Gyakum Jun 2009

Synoptic-Scale Characteristics And Precursors Of Cool-Season Precipitation Events At St. John's, Newfoundland, 1979-2005, Shawn M. Milrad, Eyad H. Atallah, John R. Gyakum

Publications

The issue of quantitative precipitation forecasting continues to be a significant challenge in operational forecasting, particularly in regions susceptible to frequent and extreme precipitation events. St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada, is one location affected frequently by such events, particularly in the cool season (October–April). These events can include flooding rains, paralyzing snowfall, and damaging winds.

A precipitation climatology is developed at St. John’s for 1979–2005, based on discrete precipitation events occurring over a time period of up to 48 h. Threshold amounts for three categories of precipitation events (extreme, moderate, and light) are statistically derived and utilized ...


Periodic And Chaotic Traveling Wave Patterns In Reaction-Diffusion/Predator-Prey Models With General Nonlinearities, Stefan C. Mancas, Roy S. Choudhury Jun 2009

Periodic And Chaotic Traveling Wave Patterns In Reaction-Diffusion/Predator-Prey Models With General Nonlinearities, Stefan C. Mancas, Roy S. Choudhury

Publications

Traveling wavetrains in generalized two–species predator–prey models and two–component reaction–diffusion equations are considered. The stability of the fixed points of the traveling wave ODEs (in the usual ”spatial” variable) is considered. For general functional forms of the nonlinear prey birthrate/prey deathrate or reaction terms, a Hopf bifurcation is shown to occur at two different critical values of the traveling wave speed. The post–bifurcation dynamics is investigated for five different functional forms of the nonlinearities. In cases where the bifurcation is supercritical, the post– bifurcation behaviour yields stable periodic orbits of the traveling–wave ODEs ...


The Spread-F Experiment (Spreadfex): Program Overview And First Results, David C. Fritts, M. A. Abdu, B. R. Batista, I. S. Batista, P. P. Batista, R. Buriti, B. R. Clemesha, T. Dautermann, E. De Paula, B. J. Fechine, Bela Fejer, D. Gobbi, J. Haase, F. Kamalabadi, B. Laughman, L. M. Lima, H. L. Liu, A. Medeiros, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, D. M. Riggin, F. São Sabbas, J. H. A. Sobral, P. Stamus, H. Takahashi, Michael J. Taylor, Sharon L. Vadas, C. M. Wrasse May 2009

The Spread-F Experiment (Spreadfex): Program Overview And First Results, David C. Fritts, M. A. Abdu, B. R. Batista, I. S. Batista, P. P. Batista, R. Buriti, B. R. Clemesha, T. Dautermann, E. De Paula, B. J. Fechine, Bela Fejer, D. Gobbi, J. Haase, F. Kamalabadi, B. Laughman, L. M. Lima, H. L. Liu, A. Medeiros, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, D. M. Riggin, F. São Sabbas, J. H. A. Sobral, P. Stamus, H. Takahashi, Michael J. Taylor, Sharon L. Vadas, C. M. Wrasse

Publications

We performed an extensive experimental campaign (the spread F Experiment, or SpreadFEx) from September to November 2005 to attempt to define the role of neutral atmosphere dynamics, specifically wave motions propagating upward from the lower atmosphere, in seeding equatorial spread F and plasma bubbles extending to higher altitudes. Campaign measurements focused on the Brazilian sector and included ground-based optical, radar, digisonde, and GPS measurements at a number of fixed and temporary sites. Related data on convection and plasma bubble structures were also collected by GOES 12 and the GUVI instrument aboard the TIMED satellite. Initial results of our analyses of ...


Spitzer Observations Of The Oldest White Dwarfs In The Solar Neighborhood, Mukremin Kilic, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al. May 2009

Spitzer Observations Of The Oldest White Dwarfs In The Solar Neighborhood, Mukremin Kilic, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al.

Publications

We present Spitzer 5-15 μm spectroscopy of one cool white dwarf and 3.6-8 μm photometry of 51 cool white dwarfs with T eff < 6000 K. The majority of our targets have accurate BVRIJHKphotometry and trigonometric parallax measurements available, which enables us to perform a detailed model atmosphere analysis using their optical, near- and mid-infrared photometry with state-of-the-art model atmospheres. We demonstrate that the optical and infrared spectral energy distributions of cool white dwarfs are well reproduced by our grid of models. Our best-fit models are consistent with the observations within 5% in all filters except the IRAC 8 μm band, which has the lowest signal-to-noise ratio photometry ...


The Very Short Supersoft X-Ray State Of The Classical Nova M31n 2007-11a, M. Henze, W. Pietsch, G. Sala, M. Della Valle, M. Hernanz, J. Greiner, V. Burwitz, M. J. Freyberg, F. Haberl, Dieter H. Hartmann, P Milne, G G. Williams May 2009

The Very Short Supersoft X-Ray State Of The Classical Nova M31n 2007-11a, M. Henze, W. Pietsch, G. Sala, M. Della Valle, M. Hernanz, J. Greiner, V. Burwitz, M. J. Freyberg, F. Haberl, Dieter H. Hartmann, P Milne, G G. Williams

Publications

Context. Short supersoft X-ray source (SSS) states (durations ≤100 days) of classical novae (CNe) indicate massive white dwarfs that are candidate progenitors of supernovae type Ia. Aims. We carry out a dedicated optical and X-ray monitoring program of CNe in the bulge of M 31. Methods. We discovered M31N 2007-11a and determined its optical and X-ray light curve. We used the robotic Super-LOTIS tele-scope to obtain the optical data and XMM-Newton and Chandra observations to discover an X-ray counterpart to that nova. Results. Nova M31N 2007-11a is a very fast CN, exhibiting a very short SSS state with an appearance ...


Inverting Color–Magnitude Diagrams To Access Precise Star Cluster Parameters: A New White Dwarf Age For The Hyades, Steven Degennaro, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al. May 2009

Inverting Color–Magnitude Diagrams To Access Precise Star Cluster Parameters: A New White Dwarf Age For The Hyades, Steven Degennaro, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al.

Publications

We have extended our Bayesian modeling of stellar clusters—which uses main-sequence stellar evolution models, a mapping between initial masses and white dwarf (WD) masses, WD cooling models, and WD atmospheres—to include binary stars, field stars, and two additional main-sequence stellar evolution models. As a critical test of our Bayesian modeling technique, we apply it to Hyades UBV photometry, with membership priors based on proper motions and radial velocities, where available. Under the assumption of a particular set of WD cooling models and atmosphere models, we estimate the age of the Hyades based on cooling WDs to be 648 ...


Book Review: Clocks In The Sky: The Story Of Pulsars, T. D. Oswalt May 2009

Book Review: Clocks In The Sky: The Story Of Pulsars, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Clocks in the Sky: The Story of Pulsars by Geoff McNamara, Springer/Praxis, 2008 190p, 9780387765600 $29.95.


Multisite Photometry Of The Pulsating Herbig Ae Star V346 Ori, S. Bernabei, Terry D. Oswalt, V. Ripepi, A. Ruoppo, Et Al. Apr 2009

Multisite Photometry Of The Pulsating Herbig Ae Star V346 Ori, S. Bernabei, Terry D. Oswalt, V. Ripepi, A. Ruoppo, Et Al.

Publications

The study of pulsation in Pre--Main--Sequence intermediate-mass stars represents an important tool for deriving information on fundamental stellar parameters and internal structure, as well as for testing current theoretical models. Interest in this class of variable stars has significantly increased during the last decade and about 30 members are presently known in the literature. AIMS: We have constructed the frequency spectrum of the oscillations in V346 Ori. We apply asteroseismic tools to these data to estimate the intrinsic parameters (mass, luminosity, effective temperature) of V346 Ori and to obtain information on its internal structure. METHODS: CCD time series photometry in ...


Spatiotemporal Structure Of Pulsating Solitons In The Cubic-Quintic Ginzburg-Landau Equation: A Novel Variational Formulation, Stefan C. Mancas, S. Roy Choudhury Apr 2009

Spatiotemporal Structure Of Pulsating Solitons In The Cubic-Quintic Ginzburg-Landau Equation: A Novel Variational Formulation, Stefan C. Mancas, S. Roy Choudhury

Publications

Comprehensive numerical simulations (reviewed in Dissipative Solitons, Akhmediev and Ankiewicz (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, 2005) of pulse solutions of the cubic–quintic Ginzburg–Landau Equation (CGLE), a canonical equation governing the weakly nonlinear behavior of dissipative systems in a wide variety of disciplines, reveal various intriguing and entirely novel classes of solutions. In particular, there are five new classes of pulse or solitary waves solutions, viz. pulsating, creeping, snake, erupting, and chaotic solitons. In contrast to the regular solitary waves investigated in numerous integrable and non-integrable systems over the last three decades, these dissipative solitons are not stationary in time. Rather ...


Numerical Simulations Of Snake Dissipative Solitons In Complex Cubic-Quintic Ginzburg-Landau Equation, Stefan C. Mancas, Harihar Khanal Apr 2009

Numerical Simulations Of Snake Dissipative Solitons In Complex Cubic-Quintic Ginzburg-Landau Equation, Stefan C. Mancas, Harihar Khanal

Publications

Numerical simulations of the complex cubic-quintic Ginzburg-Landau equation (CCQGLE), a canonical equation governing the weakly nonlinear behavior of dissipative systems in a wide variety of disciplines, reveal five entirely novel classes of pulse or solitary waves solutions, viz. pulsating, creeping, snaking, erupting, and chaotical solitons. Here, we develop a theoretical framework for analyzing the full spatio-temporal structure of one class of dissipative solution (snaking soliton) of the CCQGLE using the variational approximation technique and the dynamical systems theory. The qualitative behavior of the snaking soliton is investigated using the numerical simulations of (a) the full nonlinear complex partial differential equation ...


Photometric Calibrations For 21st Century Science, Stephen M. Kent, Terry D. Oswalt, Mary Elizabeth Kaiser, Et Al. Mar 2009

Photometric Calibrations For 21st Century Science, Stephen M. Kent, Terry D. Oswalt, Mary Elizabeth Kaiser, Et Al.

Publications

The answers to fundamental science questions in astrophysics, ranging from the history of the expansion of the universe to the sizes of nearby stars, hinge on our ability to make precise measurements of diverse astronomical objects. As our knowledge of the underlying physics of objects improves along with advances in detectors and instrumentation, the limits on our capability to extract science from measurements is set, not by our lack of understanding of the nature of these objects, but rather by the most mundane of all issues: the precision with which we can calibrate observations in physical units. We stress the ...


Grb 080913 At Redshift 6.7, J. Greiner, T. Krühler, J. P. U. Fynbo, A. Rossi, R. Schwarz, S. Klose, S. Savaglio, N. R. Tanvir, S. Mcbreen, T Totani, B B. Zhang, X F. Wu, D Watson, S D. Barthelmy, A P. Beardmore, P Ferrero, N Gehrels, D A. Kann, N Kawai, A Küpcü Yoldaş, P Mészáros, B Milvang-Jensen, S R. Oates, D Pierini, P Schady, K Toma, P M. Vreeswijk, A Yoldas, B Zhang, P Afonso, K Aoki, D N. Burrows, C Clemens, R Filgas, Z Haiman, Dieter H. Hartmann Mar 2009

Grb 080913 At Redshift 6.7, J. Greiner, T. Krühler, J. P. U. Fynbo, A. Rossi, R. Schwarz, S. Klose, S. Savaglio, N. R. Tanvir, S. Mcbreen, T Totani, B B. Zhang, X F. Wu, D Watson, S D. Barthelmy, A P. Beardmore, P Ferrero, N Gehrels, D A. Kann, N Kawai, A Küpcü Yoldaş, P Mészáros, B Milvang-Jensen, S R. Oates, D Pierini, P Schady, K Toma, P M. Vreeswijk, A Yoldas, B Zhang, P Afonso, K Aoki, D N. Burrows, C Clemens, R Filgas, Z Haiman, Dieter H. Hartmann

Publications

We report on the detection by Swift of GRB 080913, and subsequent optical/near-infrared follow-up observations by GROND, which led to the discovery of its optical/NIR afterglow and the recognition of its high-z nature via the detection of a spectral break between the i and z bands. Spectroscopy obtained at the ESO-VLT revealed a continuum extending down to λ = 9400 Å, and zero flux for 7500 Å<λ< 9400 Å, which we interpret as the onset of a Gunn–Peterson trough at z = 6.695± 0.025 (95.5% confidence level), making GRB 080913 the highest-redshift gamma-ray burst (GRB) to date, and more distant than the highest-redshift QSO. We note that many redshift indicators that are based on promptly available burst or afterglow properties have failed for GRB 080913. We report on our follow-up campaign and compare the properties of GRB 080913 with bursts at lower redshift. In particular, since the afterglow of this burst is fainter than typical for GRBs, we show that 2 m class telescopes can identify most high-redshift GRBs.


The Noctilucent Cloud (Nlc) Display During The Ecoma/Mass Sounding Rocket Flights On 3 August 2007: Morphology On Global To Local Scales, G. Baumgarten, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, M. Gerding, M. Hervig, P. Hoffmann, N. Müller, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, M. Rapp, C. Robert, D. Rusch, C. Von Savigny, W. Singer Mar 2009

The Noctilucent Cloud (Nlc) Display During The Ecoma/Mass Sounding Rocket Flights On 3 August 2007: Morphology On Global To Local Scales, G. Baumgarten, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, M. Gerding, M. Hervig, P. Hoffmann, N. Müller, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, M. Rapp, C. Robert, D. Rusch, C. Von Savigny, W. Singer

Publications

During the ECOMA/MASS rocket campaign large scale NLC/PMC was observed by satellite, lidar and camera from polar to mid latitudes. We examine the observations from different instruments to investigate the morphology of the cloud. Satellite observations show a planetary wave 2 structure. Lidar observations from Kühlungsborn (54° N), Esrange (68° N) and ALOMAR (69° N) show a highly dynamic NLC layer. Under favorable solar illumination the cloud is also observable by ground-based cameras. The cloud was detected by cameras from Trondheim (63° N), Juliusruh (55° N) and Kühlungsborn. We investigate planetary scale morphology and local scale gravity wave ...


Modeling Effects Of Human Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms On Protein-Protein Interactions, Shaolei Teng, Thomas Madej, Anna Panchenko, Emil Alexov Mar 2009

Modeling Effects Of Human Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms On Protein-Protein Interactions, Shaolei Teng, Thomas Madej, Anna Panchenko, Emil Alexov

Publications

A large set of three-dimensional structures of 264 protein-protein complexes with known nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) at the interface was built using homology-based methods. The nsSNPs were mapped on the proteins' structures and their effect on the binding energy was investigated with CHARMM force field and continuum electrostatic calculations. Two sets of nsSNPs were studied: disease annotated Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and nonannotated (non-OMIM). It was demonstrated that OMIM nsSNPs tend to destabilize the electrostatic component of the binding energy, in contrast with the effect of non-OMIM nsSNPs. In addition, it was shown that the change of ...


Dynamical And Precipitation Structures Of Poleward-Moving Tropical Cyclones In Eastern Canada, 1979-2005, Shawn M. Milrad, Eyad H. Atallah, John R. Gyakum Mar 2009

Dynamical And Precipitation Structures Of Poleward-Moving Tropical Cyclones In Eastern Canada, 1979-2005, Shawn M. Milrad, Eyad H. Atallah, John R. Gyakum

Publications

Tropical cyclones in the western North Atlantic basin are a persistent threat to human interests along the east coast of North America. Occurring mainly during the late summer and early autumn, these storms often cause strong winds and extreme rainfall and can have a large impact on the weather of eastern Canada. From 1979 to 2005, 40 named (by the National Hurricane Center) tropical cyclones tracked over eastern Canada. Based on the time tendency of the low-level (850–700 hPa) vorticity, the storms are partitioned into two groups: ‘‘intensifying’’ and ‘‘decaying.’’ The 16 intensifying and 12 decaying cases are then ...