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2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 50

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Optical Estimation Of Auroral Ion Upflow: Theory, M. Zettergren, J. L. Semeter, P. L. Blelly, M. Diaz Dec 2007

Optical Estimation Of Auroral Ion Upflow: Theory, M. Zettergren, J. L. Semeter, P. L. Blelly, M. Diaz

Publications

This work presents a systematic analysis of optical emissions related to auroral ion upflow. Optical intensities and field‐aligned ion transport are computed for a set of monoenergetic incident electron beams using a combined fluid‐kinetic model. The kinetic portion models the energetic particle transport with a multiple stream approach and provides ionization, excitation, and heating rates to an eight‐moment fluid model of the ionosphere, which then calculates the resulting ion upflow. The analysis is used to develop a technique for estimating upward ion flux from photometric measurements at five discrete wavelengths: 427.8 nm, 557.7 nm, 630 ...


The General Relativistic Infinite Plane, Preston Jones, Gerardo Muñoz, Michael Ragsdale, Douglas Singleton Dec 2007

The General Relativistic Infinite Plane, Preston Jones, Gerardo Muñoz, Michael Ragsdale, Douglas Singleton

Publications

Uniform fields are one of the simplest and most pedagogically useful examples in introductory courses on electrostatics or Newtonian gravity. In general relativity there have been several proposals as to what constitutes a uniform field. In this article we examine two metrics that can be considered the general relativistic version of the infinite plane with finite mass per unit area. The first metric is the 4D version of the 5D “brane” world models which are the starting point for many current research papers. The second case is the cosmological domain wall metric. We examine to what extent these different metrics ...


Constraints On An Optical Afterglow And On Supernova Light Following The Short Burst Grb 050813, P. Ferreo, S. F. Sanchez, D. A. Kann, S. Klose, J. Greiner, J. Gorosabel, Dieter H. Hartmann, A. A. Henden, P. Møller, E. Palazzi Dec 2007

Constraints On An Optical Afterglow And On Supernova Light Following The Short Burst Grb 050813, P. Ferreo, S. F. Sanchez, D. A. Kann, S. Klose, J. Greiner, J. Gorosabel, Dieter H. Hartmann, A. A. Henden, P. Møller, E. Palazzi

Publications

We report early follow-up observations of the error box of the short burst GRB 050813 using the telescopes at Calar Alto and Observatorio Sierra Nevada, followed by deep VLT FORS2 I-band observations obtained under very good seeing conditions 5.7 and 11.7 days after the event. Neither a fading afterglow nor a rising SN component was found, so the potential GRB host galaxy has not been identified based on a comparison of the two VLT images taken at different epochs. We discuss whether any of the galaxies present in the original 1000 XRTerror circle could be the host.In ...


On Enumeration Of Conjugacy Classes Of Coxeter Elements, Matthew Macauley, Henning S. Mortveit Nov 2007

On Enumeration Of Conjugacy Classes Of Coxeter Elements, Matthew Macauley, Henning S. Mortveit

Publications

In this paper we study the equivalence relation on the set of acyclic orientations of a graph Y that arises through source-to-sink conversions. This source-to-sink conversion encodes, e.g. conjugation of Coxeter elements of a Coxeter group. We give a direct proof of a recursion for the number of equivalence classes of this relation for an arbitrary graph Y using edge deletion and edge contraction of non-bridge edges. We conclude by showing how this result may also be obtained through an evaluation of the Tutte polynomial as T (Y, 1, 0), and we provide bijections to two other classes of ...


Optimization Of Electrostatic Interactions In Protein-Protein Complexes, Kelly Brock, Kemper Talley, Kacey Coley, Petras Kundrotas, Emil Alexov Nov 2007

Optimization Of Electrostatic Interactions In Protein-Protein Complexes, Kelly Brock, Kemper Talley, Kacey Coley, Petras Kundrotas, Emil Alexov

Publications

In this article, we present a statistical analysis of the electrostatic properties of 298 protein-protein complexes and 356 domain-domain structures extracted from the previously developed database of protein complexes (ProtCom, http://www.ces.clemson.edu/compbio/protcom). For each structure in the dataset we calculated the total electrostatic energy of the binding and its two components, Coulombic and reaction field energy. It was found that in a vast majority of the cases (>90%), the total electrostatic component of the binding energy was unfavorable. At the same time, the Coulombic component of the binding energy was found to favor the complex ...


Electromagnetic Radiation From Temporal Variations In Space-Time And Progenitors Of Gamma Ray Burst And Millisecond Pulsars, Preston Jones Nov 2007

Electromagnetic Radiation From Temporal Variations In Space-Time And Progenitors Of Gamma Ray Burst And Millisecond Pulsars, Preston Jones

Publications

A time varying space–time metric is shown to be a source of electromagnetic radiation even in the absence of charge sources. The post-Newtonian approximation is used as a realistic model of the connection between the space–time metric and a time-varying gravitational potential. Rapid temporal variations in the metric from the coalescence of relativistic stars are shown to be likely progenitors of gamma ray burst and millisecond pulsars.


Enhancement Of Nd: Yag Libs Emission Of A Remote Target Using A Simultaneous Co/Sub 2/ Laser Pulse, Dennis K. Killinger, Susan D. Allen, Robert D. Waterbury, Chris Stefano, Edwin L. Dottery Sep 2007

Enhancement Of Nd: Yag Libs Emission Of A Remote Target Using A Simultaneous Co/Sub 2/ Laser Pulse, Dennis K. Killinger, Susan D. Allen, Robert D. Waterbury, Chris Stefano, Edwin L. Dottery

Publications

For the first time to the best of our knowledge, a simultaneous 10.6 μm CO2 laser pulse has been used to enhance the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) emission from a 1.064 μm Nd:YAG laser induced plasma on a hard target. The enhancement factor was on the order of 25 to 300 times, depending upon the emission lines observed. For an alumina ceramic substrate the Al emission lines at 308 nm and Fe impurity line at 278 nm showed an increase of 60x and 119x, respectively. The output energy of the Nd:YAG laser was 50 mJ ...


Shibboleth As A Tool For Authorized Access Control To The Subversion Repository System, Amy Apon, Linh B. Ngo Sep 2007

Shibboleth As A Tool For Authorized Access Control To The Subversion Repository System, Amy Apon, Linh B. Ngo

Publications

Shibboleth is an architecture and protocol for allowing users to authenticate and be authorized to use a remote resource by logging into the identity management system that is maintained at their home institution. With Shibboleth, a federation of institutions can share resources among users and yet allow the administration of both the user access control to resources and the user identity and attribute information to be performed at the hosting or home institution. Subversion is a version control repository system that allows the creation of fine-grained permissions to files and directories. In this project an infrastructure, Shibbolized Subversion, has been ...


Shibboleth As A Tool For Authorized Access Control To The Subversion Repository System, Linh B. Ngo, Amy W. Apon Sep 2007

Shibboleth As A Tool For Authorized Access Control To The Subversion Repository System, Linh B. Ngo, Amy W. Apon

Publications

Shibboleth is an architecture and protocol for allowing users to authenticate and be authorized to use a remote resource by logging into the identity management system that is maintained at their home institution. With Shibboleth, a federation of institutions can share resources among users and yet allow the administration of both the user access control to resources and the user identity and attribute information to be performed at the hosting or home institution. Subversion is a version control repository system that allows the creation of fine-grained permissions to files and directories. In this project an infrastructure, Shibbolized Subversion, has been ...


Book Review: Moore On Mercury: The Planet And The Missions, T. D. Oswalt Sep 2007

Book Review: Moore On Mercury: The Planet And The Missions, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Moore on Mercury : the Planet and the Missions by Patrick Moore. Springer, 2006 139p, 1846282578 $29.95, 9781846282577 $29.95


Gis Assessment Of Environmental Impacts On Urban Forests, Richard Snow, Mary Snow Aug 2007

Gis Assessment Of Environmental Impacts On Urban Forests, Richard Snow, Mary Snow

Publications

No abstract provided.


Testing Lorentz Symmetry With Gravity, Quentin G. Bailey Aug 2007

Testing Lorentz Symmetry With Gravity, Quentin G. Bailey

Publications

In this talk, results from the gravitational sector of the Standard-Model Extension (SME) are discussed. The weak-field phenomenology of the resulting modified gravitational field equations is explored. The application of the results to a variety of modern gravity experiments, including lunar laser ranging, Gravity Probe B, binary pulsars, and Earth-laboratory tests, shows promising sensitivity to gravitational coefficients for Lorentz violation in the SME.


Wide-Field Survey Of Globular Clusters In M31. I. A Catalog Of New Clusters, Sang Chul Kim, Myung Gyoon Lee, Doug Geisler, Ata Sarajedini, Hong Soo Park, Ho Seong Hwang, William E. Harris, Juan C. Seguel, Ted Von Hippel Aug 2007

Wide-Field Survey Of Globular Clusters In M31. I. A Catalog Of New Clusters, Sang Chul Kim, Myung Gyoon Lee, Doug Geisler, Ata Sarajedini, Hong Soo Park, Ho Seong Hwang, William E. Harris, Juan C. Seguel, Ted Von Hippel

Publications

We present the result of a wide-field survey of globular clusters (GCs) in M31 covering a 3o x 3o field centered on M31.We have searched for GCs on CCD images taken with Washington CMT1 filters at the KPNO 0.9 m telescope using the following steps: (1) inspection of morphological parameters given by the SExtractor package such as stellarity, full width at half-maximum, and ellipticity; (2) consulting the spectral types and radial velocities obtained from spectra taken with the Hydra spectrograph at the WIYN 3.5 m telescope; and (3) visual inspection of the images of ...


Gis Analysis Of Lightning Strikes Within A Tornadic Environment, Richard Snow, Mary Snow, Nicole Kufa Jul 2007

Gis Analysis Of Lightning Strikes Within A Tornadic Environment, Richard Snow, Mary Snow, Nicole Kufa

Publications

Recent research suggests that a maximum rate of lightning strikes occurs at least 15 to 20 minutes prior to tornado formation within a supercell storm. These maxima are associated with strengthening updrafts as they appear in radar measurements. An increase in lightning rates correlates with an increase of shear in the lower part of the storm. In combination with a strong updraft or downdraft, this shear can provide the ingredients for rotation and possibly a tornado. Polarity reversal of lightning around the time of tornado touchdown also has been examined. Thus, increasing lightning flash rates and reversal of lightning strike ...


Evolution Of The American Ecological Paideia, Mary Snow, Richard K. Snow Jul 2007

Evolution Of The American Ecological Paideia, Mary Snow, Richard K. Snow

Publications

No abstract provided.


A Multimedia Approach To Climate Change Education, Richard Snow, Mary Snow Jul 2007

A Multimedia Approach To Climate Change Education, Richard Snow, Mary Snow

Publications

This paper discusses the development of an upper-level college course on Climate Change created as part of an interdisciplinary Honors Seminar Series. The course makes use of multimedia instructional techniques to examine the physical, economic, and political dynamics of climate change. The curriculum includes an appraisal of assorted global warming websites, computer-based simulations and analysis of relevant climate data, as well as a review of the literature and other media including documentaries such as An Inconvenient Truth. The so-called global warming debate subsidized by the fossil fuel industry also is discussed.


A Spitzer White Dwarf Infrared Survey, F. Mullally, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al. Jul 2007

A Spitzer White Dwarf Infrared Survey, F. Mullally, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al.

Publications

We present mid-infrared photometry of 124 white dwarf stars with the Spitzer Space Telescope. Objects were observed simultaneously at 4.5 and 8.0 μm with sensitivities better than 0.1 mJy. This data set can be used to test models of white dwarf atmospheres in a new wavelength regime, as well as to search for planetary companions and debris disks.


Numerical Modeling Of A Gravity Wave Packet Ducted By The Thermal Structure Of The Atmosphere, Yonghui Yu, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D. Jun 2007

Numerical Modeling Of A Gravity Wave Packet Ducted By The Thermal Structure Of The Atmosphere, Yonghui Yu, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D.

Publications

A time-dependent and fully nonlinear numerical model is employed to solve the Navier-Stokes equations in two spatial dimensions and to describe the propagation of a Gaussian gravity wave packet generated in the troposphere. A Fourier spectral analysis is used to analyze the frequency power spectra of the wave packet, which propagates through and dwells within several thermal ducting regions. The frequency power spectra of the wave packet are derived at several discrete altitudes, which allow us to determine the evolution of the packet. This spectral analysis also clearly reveals the existence of a stratospheric duct, a mesospheric and lower thermospheric ...


Numerical Simulation Of Waves And Fronts In Inhomogeneous Solids, A. Berezovski, M. Berezovski, J. Engelbrecht, G. A. Maugin Jun 2007

Numerical Simulation Of Waves And Fronts In Inhomogeneous Solids, A. Berezovski, M. Berezovski, J. Engelbrecht, G. A. Maugin

Publications

Dynamic response of inhomogeneous materials exhibits new effects, which often do not exist in homogeneous media. It is quite natural that most of studies of wave and front propagation in inhomogeneous materials are associated with numerical simulations. To develop a numerical algorithm and to perform the numerical simulations of moving fronts we need to formulate a kinetic law of progress relating the driving force and the velocity of the discontinuity. The velocity of discontinuity is determined by means of the non-equilibrium jump relations at the front. The obtained numerical method generalizes the wave-propagation algorithm to the case of moving discontinuities ...


Internet Enabled Remote Driving Of A Combat Hybrid Electric Power System For Duty Cycle Measurement, Jarrett Goodell, Marc Compere, Wilford Smith, Mark Brudnak, Mike Pozolo, Et Al. Jun 2007

Internet Enabled Remote Driving Of A Combat Hybrid Electric Power System For Duty Cycle Measurement, Jarrett Goodell, Marc Compere, Wilford Smith, Mark Brudnak, Mike Pozolo, Et Al.

Publications

This paper describes a human-in-the-loop motion-based simulator interfaced to hybrid-electric power system hardware, both of which were used to measure the duty cycle of a combat vehicle in a virtual simulation environment. The project discussed is a greatly expanded follow-on to the experiment published in [1,7]. This paper is written in the context of [1,7] and therefore highlights the enhancements. The most prominent of these enhancements is the integration (in real-time) of the Power & Energy System Integration Lab (P&E SIL) with a motion base simulator by means of a “long haul” connection over the Internet (a geographical ...


The New Class Of Dusty Daz White Dwarfs, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al. Jun 2007

The New Class Of Dusty Daz White Dwarfs, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al.

Publications

Our mid-infrared survey of 124 white dwarfs with the Spitzer Space Telescope and the IRAC imager has revealed an infrared excess associated with the white dwarf WD 2115-560 naturally explained by circumstellar dust. This object is the fourth white dwarf observed to have circumstellar dust. All four are DAZ white dwarfs, i.e., they have both photospheric Balmer lines and photospheric metal lines. We discuss these four objects as a class, which we abbreviate "DAZd," where the "d" stands for "dust." Using an optically thick, geometrically thin disk model analogous to Saturn's rings, we find that the inner disk ...


Simulated Ducting Of High-Frequency Atmospheric Gravity Waves In The Presence Of Background Winds, Yonghui Yu, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D. Jun 2007

Simulated Ducting Of High-Frequency Atmospheric Gravity Waves In The Presence Of Background Winds, Yonghui Yu, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D.

Publications

A new nonlinear and time-dependent model is used to derive the total perturbation energy flux of two gravity wave packets propagating from the troposphere to the lower thermosphere. They are excited by a heat source and respectively propagate in an eastward and westward direction in the presence of a zonal wind. Analysis of the refractive index, the power spectra and the total perturbation energy flux allows us to correctly interpret the ducting characteristics of these two wave packets. In our study the wind acts as a directional filter to the wave propagations and causes noticeable spectral variations at higher altitudes ...


Optical Absorption, Depolarization, And Scatter Of Epitaxial Single-Crystal Chemical-Vapor-Deposited Diamond At 1.064 Μm, Giorgio Turri, Ying Chen, Michael Bass Jun 2007

Optical Absorption, Depolarization, And Scatter Of Epitaxial Single-Crystal Chemical-Vapor-Deposited Diamond At 1.064 Μm, Giorgio Turri, Ying Chen, Michael Bass

Publications

No abstract provided.


Lp133-373 A New Chromospherically Active Eclipsing Dme Binary With A Distant, Cool White Dwarf Companion, T. R. Vaccaro, T. D. Oswalt, M. Rudkin, Adela Kawka, Stephane Vennes, Et Al. Jun 2007

Lp133-373 A New Chromospherically Active Eclipsing Dme Binary With A Distant, Cool White Dwarf Companion, T. R. Vaccaro, T. D. Oswalt, M. Rudkin, Adela Kawka, Stephane Vennes, Et Al.

Publications

We report the discovery of the partially eclipsing binary LP 133-373. Nearly identical eclipses along with observed photometric colors and spectroscopy indicate that it is a pair of chromospherically active dM4 stars in a circular 1.6 day orbit. Light and velocity curve modeling to our differential photometry and velocity data show that each star has a mass and radius of 0.340 ± 0.014 M☉ and 0.33 ± 0.02 R☉. The binary is itself part of a common proper motion pair with LP 133-374, a cool DC or possible DA white dwarf with a mass of 0.49-0 ...


The First Detection Of Diffuse Interstellar [Oii] Emission And Confirmation That Variations In [Nii]/Hα Trace Variations In Temperature, R. J. Reynolds, E. J. Mierkiewicz, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig Jun 2007

The First Detection Of Diffuse Interstellar [Oii] Emission And Confirmation That Variations In [Nii]/Hα Trace Variations In Temperature, R. J. Reynolds, E. J. Mierkiewicz, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig

Publications

Using a newly developed Spatial Heterodyne Spectrometer (SHS), we have obtained the first radial velocity resolved emission-line profiles of diffuse [OII] λ3726 and λ3729 doublet emission from the warm (104 K) ionized component of our Galaxy's interstellar medium (WIM). These [OII] lines are a principal coolant for this widespread, photoionized gas and are a tracer of variations in the gas temperature resulting from unidentified heating processes that appear to be acting within the Galaxy's disk and halo.


Lp 133-373: A New Chromospherically Active Eclipsing Dme Binary With A Distant, Cool White Dwarf Companion, T. R. Vaccaro, M. Rudkin, A. Kawka, S. Vennes, Terry D. Oswalt, Et Al. Jun 2007

Lp 133-373: A New Chromospherically Active Eclipsing Dme Binary With A Distant, Cool White Dwarf Companion, T. R. Vaccaro, M. Rudkin, A. Kawka, S. Vennes, Terry D. Oswalt, Et Al.

Publications

We report the discovery of the partially eclipsing binary LP 133-373. Nearly identical eclipses along with observed photometric colors and spectroscopy indicate that it is a pair of chromospherically active dM4 stars in a circular 1.6 day orbit. Light and velocity curve modeling to our differential photometry and velocity data show that each star has a mass and radius of 0:340 ± 0:014 Mand 0:33 ± 0:02 R. The binary is itself part of a common proper motion pair with LP 133-374, a cool DC or possible DA white dwarf with a mass of ...


Discovery Of Photospheric Calcium Line-Strength Variations In The Dazd White Dwarf G29-38, Ted Von Hippel, Susan E. Thompson May 2007

Discovery Of Photospheric Calcium Line-Strength Variations In The Dazd White Dwarf G29-38, Ted Von Hippel, Susan E. Thompson

Publications

Metals in the photospheres of white dwarfs with Teff between 12,000 and 25,000 K should gravitationally settle out of these atmospheres in 1 ̶ 2 weeks. Temporal variations in the line strengths of these metals could provide a direct measurement of episodic metal accretion. Using archival VLT and Keck spectroscopy, we find evidence that the DAZd white dwarf G29-38 shows significant changes in its Ca П K line strength. At the two best-observed epochs, we find that the Ca line equivalent width (EW) = 165 ̶ 4 mǺ (in 1996.885) and 280 ± 8 mǺ (in 1999.653), which is ...


Optical Properties Of Epitaxial Single-Crystal Chemical-Vapor-Deposited Diamond, Giorgio Turri, Ying Chen, Michael Bass, David Orchard, James E. Butler May 2007

Optical Properties Of Epitaxial Single-Crystal Chemical-Vapor-Deposited Diamond, Giorgio Turri, Ying Chen, Michael Bass, David Orchard, James E. Butler

Publications

Epitaxial single-crystal chemical-vapor-deposited diamond was obtained from Element Six Ltd. (Ascot, UK) and from Apollo Diamond (Boston, MA). Both companies provided 5 x 5 mm squares with thicknesses ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 mm. In addition, Element Six provided 10-mm-diameter disks with a thickness of 1.0 mm. The absorptance of all specimens at 1064 nm was measured by laser calorimetry, with good agreement between independent measurements at the University of Central Florida and at QinetiQ (Malvern, UK). Depolarization at 1064 nm and ultraviolet absorption properties are also reported.


Warm Gas In The Inner Disks Around Young Intermediate-Mass Stars, Sean D. Brittain, Theodore Simon, Joan R. Najita, Terrence W. Rettig Apr 2007

Warm Gas In The Inner Disks Around Young Intermediate-Mass Stars, Sean D. Brittain, Theodore Simon, Joan R. Najita, Terrence W. Rettig

Publications

The characterization of gas in the inner disks around young stars is of particular interest because of its connection to planet formation. In order to study the gas in inner disks, we have obtained high-resolution K- and M-band spectroscopy of 14 intermediate-mass young stars. In sources that have optically thick inner disks, i.e., E(K-L)>1, our detection rate of the rovibrational CO transitions is 100%, and the gas is thermally excited. Of the five sources that do not have optically thick inner disks, we only detect the rovibrational CO transitions from HD 141569. In this case, we show ...


Warm Hcn, C2h2, And Co In The Disk Of Gv Tau, E L. Gibb, K A. Vanbrunt, Sean D. Brittain, T W. Rettig Apr 2007

Warm Hcn, C2h2, And Co In The Disk Of Gv Tau, E L. Gibb, K A. Vanbrunt, Sean D. Brittain, T W. Rettig

Publications

We present the first high-resolution, ground-based observations of HCN and C2H2 toward the T Tauri binary star system GV Tau. We detected strong absorption due to HCN nu3 and weak C2H2 [nu3 and nu2+(nu4+nu5)0+] absorption toward the primary (GV Tau S) but not the infrared companion. We also report CO column densities and rotational temperatures, and present abundances relative to CO of HCN/CO~0.6% and C2H/CO~1.2% and an upper limit for CH4/CO