Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Ion Cyclotron Waves In The High Altitude Cusp: Cluster Observations At Varying Spacecraft Separations, K. Nykyri, P. J. Cargill, E. A. Lucek, T. S. Horbury, A. Balogh, B. Lavraud, I. Dandouras, H. Reme Dec 2003

Ion Cyclotron Waves In The High Altitude Cusp: Cluster Observations At Varying Spacecraft Separations, K. Nykyri, P. J. Cargill, E. A. Lucek, T. S. Horbury, A. Balogh, B. Lavraud, I. Dandouras, H. Reme

Publications

We have analysed high-resolution Cluster magnetic field data during three high-altitude cusp crossings in 2001 and 2002. The Cluster separations for these crossings varied between 100 and 600 km and therefore provided an unique opportunity to study wave properties at different length scales. In the cusp Cluster sees frequent intervals of magnetic field fluctuations with clear peaks in power close to the local ion cyclotron frequency, and both left- and right-handed polarisations. At large separations the power seen at different spacecraft can differ by orders of magnitude. For smaller separations, the power seen at the four spacecraft agrees better but ...


Breaking Of Thunderstorm-Generated Gravity Waves As A Source Of Short-Period Ducted Waves At Mesopause Altitudes, Jonathan B. Snively, Victor P. Pasko Dec 2003

Breaking Of Thunderstorm-Generated Gravity Waves As A Source Of Short-Period Ducted Waves At Mesopause Altitudes, Jonathan B. Snively, Victor P. Pasko

Publications

Numerical simulation results indicate that the breaking of atmospheric gravity waves generated by tropospheric convection can excite short-period secondary waves, which are trapped in the lower thermospheric duct and which closely resemble quasi-monochromatic structures commonly observed in airglow imaging experiments.


Using Optical And Near-Infrared Photometry To Test Macho Lens Candidates, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al. Oct 2003

Using Optical And Near-Infrared Photometry To Test Macho Lens Candidates, Ted Von Hippel, Et Al.

Publications

We obtained new VLT/ISAAC H-band observations for five MACHO LMC source stars and adjacent LMC field regions. After combining our near-IR photometry with Hubble Space Telescope/PC BVRI optical photometry, we compared the MACHO objects to the adjacent field stars in a variety of color-magnitude and color-color diagrams. These diagnostic diagrams were chosen to be sensitive to our hypothesis that at least some of the MACHO lenses were foreground Galactic disk or thick-disk M dwarfs. For the five lensed objects we studied, our hypothesis could be ruled out for main-sequence lens masses ≥0.1 M☉ for distances out ...


Constraining The Evolution Of Zz Ceti, Anjum S. Mukadam, S. O. Kepler, D. E. Nather, M. Kilic, F. Mullally, T. Von Hippel, S. J. Kleinman, A. Nitta, J. A. Guzik, P. A. Bradley, J. Matthews, K. Sekiguchi, D. J. Sullivan, T. Sullivan, R. R. Shobbrook, P. Birch, X. J. Jiang, D. W. Xu, S. Joshi, B. N. Ashoka, P. Ibbetson, E. Leibowitz, E. O. Ofek, E. G. Meištas, R. Janulis, R. D. Ališauskas, R. Kalytis, G. Handler, D. Kilkenny, D. O'Donoghue, D. W. Kurtz, M. Müller, P. Moskalik, W. Ogloza, S. Zola, J. Krzesiński, F. Johnannessen, J. M. Gonzalez-Perez, J. E. Solheim, R. Silvotti, S. Bernabei, G. Vauclair, N. Dolez, J. N. Fu, M. Chevreton, M. Manteiga, O. Suárez, A. Ulla, M. S. Cunha, T. S. Metcalfe, A. Kanaan, L. Fraga, A. F. M. Costa, O. Giovannini, G. Fontaine, P. Bergeron, M. S. O'Brien, D. Sanwal, M. A. Wood, T. J. Ahrens, N. Silvestri, E. W. Klumpe, S. D. Kawaler, R. Riddle, M. D. Reed, T. K. Watson Sep 2003

Constraining The Evolution Of Zz Ceti, Anjum S. Mukadam, S. O. Kepler, D. E. Nather, M. Kilic, F. Mullally, T. Von Hippel, S. J. Kleinman, A. Nitta, J. A. Guzik, P. A. Bradley, J. Matthews, K. Sekiguchi, D. J. Sullivan, T. Sullivan, R. R. Shobbrook, P. Birch, X. J. Jiang, D. W. Xu, S. Joshi, B. N. Ashoka, P. Ibbetson, E. Leibowitz, E. O. Ofek, E. G. Meištas, R. Janulis, R. D. Ališauskas, R. Kalytis, G. Handler, D. Kilkenny, D. O'Donoghue, D. W. Kurtz, M. Müller, P. Moskalik, W. Ogloza, S. Zola, J. Krzesiński, F. Johnannessen, J. M. Gonzalez-Perez, J. E. Solheim, R. Silvotti, S. Bernabei, G. Vauclair, N. Dolez, J. N. Fu, M. Chevreton, M. Manteiga, O. Suárez, A. Ulla, M. S. Cunha, T. S. Metcalfe, A. Kanaan, L. Fraga, A. F. M. Costa, O. Giovannini, G. Fontaine, P. Bergeron, M. S. O'Brien, D. Sanwal, M. A. Wood, T. J. Ahrens, N. Silvestri, E. W. Klumpe, S. D. Kawaler, R. Riddle, M. D. Reed, T. K. Watson

Publications

We report our analysis of the stability of pulsation periods in the DAV star (pulsating hydrogen atmosphere white dwarf) ZZ Ceti, also called R548. On the basis of observations that span 31 years, we conclude that the period 213.13 s observed in ZZ Ceti drifts at a rate dP/dt (5:5 ± 1:9) x 10-15 s s-1, after correcting for proper motion. Our results are consistent with previous values for this mode and an improvement over them because of the larger time base. The characteristic stability timescale implied for the pulsation period is ⎸P / Ṗ ...


Supernova Reverse Shocks: Sic Growth And Isotopic Composition, Ethan A-N. Deneault, Donald D. Clayton, Alexander Heger Sep 2003

Supernova Reverse Shocks: Sic Growth And Isotopic Composition, Ethan A-N. Deneault, Donald D. Clayton, Alexander Heger

Publications

We present new mechanisms by which the isotopic compositions of X-type grains of presolar SiC are altered by reverse shocks in Type II supernovae. We address three epochs of reverse shocks: pressure wave from the H envelope near t ¼ 106 s, reverse shock from the presupernova wind near 108–109 s, and reverse shock from the interstellar medium near 1010 s. Using one-dimensional hydrodynamics we show that the first creates a dense shell of Si and C atoms near 106 s in which the SiC surely condenses. The second reverse shock causes precondensed grains to move rapidly forward through ...


Book Review: Observer's Guide To Stellar Evolution: The Birth, Life, And Death Of Stars, T. D. Oswalt Sep 2003

Book Review: Observer's Guide To Stellar Evolution: The Birth, Life, And Death Of Stars, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Observer's Guide to Stellar Evolution : the Birth, Life, and Death of Stars by Mike Inglis. Springer, 2003 236p, 1-85233-465-7 $44.95


Computational Models For Diffusion Of Second Messengers In Visual Transduction, Harihar Khanal Aug 2003

Computational Models For Diffusion Of Second Messengers In Visual Transduction, Harihar Khanal

Publications

The process of phototransduction, whereby light is converted into an electrical response in retinal rod and cone photoreceptors, involves, as a crucial step, the diffusion of cytoplasmic signaling molecules, termed second messengers. A barrier to mathematical and computational modeling is the complex geometry of the rod outer segment which contains about 1000 thin discs. Most current investigations on the subject assume a well-stirred bulk aqueous environment thereby avoiding such geometrical complexity. We present theoretical and computational spatio-temporal models for phototransduction in vertebrate rod photoreceptors, which are pointwise in nature and thus take into account the complex geometry of the rod ...


Multisite Observations Of The Pms Δ Delta Scuti Star V351 Ori, V. Ripepi, Terry D. Oswalt, M. Marconi, S. Bernabei, Et Al. Jun 2003

Multisite Observations Of The Pms Δ Delta Scuti Star V351 Ori, V. Ripepi, Terry D. Oswalt, M. Marconi, S. Bernabei, Et Al.

Publications

We present the results of multisite observations spanning two years on the pre–main-sequence (PMS) star V351 Ori. A total of around 180 hours of observations over 29 nights have been collected, allowing us to measure five different periodicities, most likely related to the Scuti variability of V351 Ori. Comparison with the predictions of linear nonadiabatic radial pulsation models put stringent constraints on the stellar parameters and indicate that the distance to V351 Ori is intermediate between the lower limit measured by Hipparcos (210 pc) and that of the Orion Nebula (450 pc). However, radial pulsation models are unable to ...


Ampnet - A Highly Available Cluster Interconnection Network, Amy Apon, Larry Bilbur Apr 2003

Ampnet - A Highly Available Cluster Interconnection Network, Amy Apon, Larry Bilbur

Publications

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Strange Matters: Undiscovered Ideas At The Frontiers Of Space And Time, T. D. Oswalt Mar 2003

Book Review: Strange Matters: Undiscovered Ideas At The Frontiers Of Space And Time, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Strange Matters: Undiscovered Ideas at the Frontiers of Space and Time by Tom Siegfried. John Henry, 2002 307p, 0-309-08407-5 $24.95.


Measurement Of The Stochasticity Of Low-Latitude Geomagnetic Temporal Variations, Mark Anthony Reynolds, James A. Wanliss Jan 2003

Measurement Of The Stochasticity Of Low-Latitude Geomagnetic Temporal Variations, Mark Anthony Reynolds, James A. Wanliss

Publications

Ground magnetometer measurements of total magnetic field strength from 6 stations at low latitudes were analyzed using power spectrum and Hurst range scaling techniques. The Hurst exponents for most of these time-series were near 0.5, which indicates stochasticity, with the highest latitude stations exhibiting some persistence with Hurst exponents greater than 0.6. Although no definite correlations are evident, the relative increase of the Hurst exponent with latitude suggests the possibility that the underlying dynamics of the magnetosphere change with latitude. This result may help quantify the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere itself without the direct presence of the ...


Intergalactic Globular Clusters, Michael J. West, Ted Von Hippel, Patrick Cote, Henry C. Ferguson, Michael D. Gregg, Andres Jordan, Ronald O. Marzke, Nial R. Tanvir Jan 2003

Intergalactic Globular Clusters, Michael J. West, Ted Von Hippel, Patrick Cote, Henry C. Ferguson, Michael D. Gregg, Andres Jordan, Ronald O. Marzke, Nial R. Tanvir

Publications

We confirm and extend our previous detection of a popula- tion of intergalactic globular clusters in Abell 1185, and report the first discovery of an intergalactic globular cluster in the nearby Virgo cluster of galaxies. The numbers, colors and luminosities of these objects can place constraints on their origin, which in turn may yield new insights to the evolution of galaxies in dense environments.


The Local-Time Variation Of The Quiet Plasmasphere: Geosynchronous Observations And Kinetic Theory, Mark Anthony Reynolds, G. Ganguli, Y-J Su, M.F. Thomsen Jan 2003

The Local-Time Variation Of The Quiet Plasmasphere: Geosynchronous Observations And Kinetic Theory, Mark Anthony Reynolds, G. Ganguli, Y-J Su, M.F. Thomsen

Publications

The quiet-time structure of the plasmaspheric density was investigated using observations of the Los Alamos geosynchronous satellites, and these observations were compared with theoretical predictions of the quasi-static localtime variation by a kinetic model. It was found that the coupling to the ionosphere (via the local-time variation of the exobase) played a key role in determining the density structure at 6.6 RE. The kinetic model predicts that most of the local-time variation at geosynchronous orbit is due to the variation of the exobase parameters. During quiet times, when the convection electric field is dominated by the corotation field, the ...