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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Gravity Wave-Driven Fluctuations In The O2 Atmospheric (0-1) Nightglow From An Extended, Dissipative Emission Region, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D., G. Schubert, R. L. Walterscheid Aug 1993

Gravity Wave-Driven Fluctuations In The O2 Atmospheric (0-1) Nightglow From An Extended, Dissipative Emission Region, Michael P. Hickey Ph.D., G. Schubert, R. L. Walterscheid

Publications

The wave-driven fluctuations in the O2(0-1) atmospheric nightglow is modeled and the parameter (eta) is calculated using a model that accounts for either three-body recombination of atomic oxygen atoms alone to form the O2(b exp 1 Sigma(g)(+)) state directly, or by the further inclusion of the process that allows the formation of the O2(c exp 1 Sigma(u)(-)) intermediate state. The calculations are performed for a latitude of 18 deg N and for the months of March and June. The general results, which display how (eta) varies with wave period, horizontal wavelength, season, and chemical scheme ...


An Alternative Representation Of The Ice Canopy For Calculating Microwave Brightness Temperatures Over A Thunderstorm, Bradley M. Muller, Henry E. Fuelberg, Eric A. Smith May 1993

An Alternative Representation Of The Ice Canopy For Calculating Microwave Brightness Temperatures Over A Thunderstorm, Bradley M. Muller, Henry E. Fuelberg, Eric A. Smith

Publications

Passive microwave brightness temperatures (T(B)'s) at 92 and 183 GHz from an aircraft thunderstorm overflight are compared with values calculated from radar-derived hydrometeor profiles and a modified proximity sounding. Two methods for modeling particles in the ice canopy are contrasted. The first is a ''traditional'' approach employing Marshall-Palmer ice spheres. The second, or ''alternative,'' method partitions 20% of the ice water content into a Marshall-Palmer component for graupel and hail, and 80% into a modified gamma spherical particle size distribution function representing ice crystals.

Results from the alternative approach are superior to those from the traditional method in ...