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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Shallow Convection On Day 261 Of Gate: Mesoscale Arcs, C. Warner, J. Simpson, D. W. Martin, D. Suchman, F. R. Mosher, R. F. Reinking Dec 1979

Shallow Convection On Day 261 Of Gate: Mesoscale Arcs, C. Warner, J. Simpson, D. W. Martin, D. Suchman, F. R. Mosher, R. F. Reinking

Publications

On 18 September 1974, a cloud cluster growing in the GATE [Global Atmospheric Research Program] ship array was examined using aircraft flying close to one another at different heights, the geostationary satellite SMS-1, and radar, rawinsonde and ship data, with a view to elucidating mechanisms of convection. In this paper we concentrate analysis on cloudy convection in the moist layer.

In and above southerly surface monsoon flow approaching the cluster, clouds indigenous to the moist layer took the form of rows of tiny cumulus, and of arcs of cumulus mediocris, with patterns different from those of deeper clouds. From satellite ...


An Investigation Of Surface Albedo Variations During The Recent Sahel Drought, Carl C. Norton, Frederick R. Mosher, Barry Hinton Oct 1979

An Investigation Of Surface Albedo Variations During The Recent Sahel Drought, Carl C. Norton, Frederick R. Mosher, Barry Hinton

Publications

Applications Technology Satellite (ATS) 3 green sensor data are used to measure surface reflectance variations in the Sahara/Sahel during the recent drought period 1967–74. The magnitude of the seasonal reflectance change is shown to be as much as 80% for years of normal precipitation and less than 50% for drought years. Year-to-year comparisons during both wet and dry seasons reveal the existence of a surface reflectance cycle coincident with the drought intensity. The relationship between the green reflectance and solar albedo is examined and estimated to be about 0.6 times the reflectance change observed by the green ...


Ca Ii H And K And Hydrogen-Line Variations In V471 Tauri (=Bd + 16°516), Terry D. Oswalt Apr 1979

Ca Ii H And K And Hydrogen-Line Variations In V471 Tauri (=Bd + 16°516), Terry D. Oswalt

Publications

Spectroscopic and narrow-band photoelectric observations of the white dwarf eclipsing binary V471 Tau (= BD + 16°516) are reported. Periodic fluctuations in Ca IIH and K emission and Ha absorption, and a wave-like distortion of the light curve mimic the characteristics of several well-observed RS CVn binaries. A probable correlation between maximum emission-line strength and wave minimum is shown to exist.