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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Bayesian Hierarchical Modelling Of Initial-Final Mass Relations Across Star Clusters, Shijing Si, David A. Van Dyk, Ted Von Hippel, Elliot Robinson, Elizabeth Jeffery, David C. Stenning Jul 2018

Bayesian Hierarchical Modelling Of Initial-Final Mass Relations Across Star Clusters, Shijing Si, David A. Van Dyk, Ted Von Hippel, Elliot Robinson, Elizabeth Jeffery, David C. Stenning

Publications

The initial-final mass relation (IFMR) of white dwarfs (WDs) plays an important role in stellar evolution. To derive precise estimates of IFMRs and explore how they may vary among star clusters, we propose a Bayesian hierarchical model that pools photometric data from multiple star clusters. After performing a simulation study to show the benefits of the Bayesian hierarchical model, we apply this model to five star clusters: the Hyades, M67, NGC 188, NGC 2168, and NGC 2477, leading to reasonable and consistent estimates of IFMRs for these clusters. We illustrate how a cluster-specific analysis of NGC 188 using its own ...


Breaking The Habit: The Peculiar 2016 Eruption Of The Unique Recurrent Nova M31n 2008-12a, M. Henze, T. D. Oswalt, M. J. Darnley, S. C. Williams, M. Kato, Et Al. Apr 2018

Breaking The Habit: The Peculiar 2016 Eruption Of The Unique Recurrent Nova M31n 2008-12a, M. Henze, T. D. Oswalt, M. J. Darnley, S. C. Williams, M. Kato, Et Al.

Publications

Since its discovery in 2008, the Andromeda galaxy nova M31N 2008-12a has been observed in eruption every single year. This unprecedented frequency indicates an extreme object, with a massive white dwarf and a high accretion rate, which is the most promising candidate for the single-degenerate progenitor of a Type Ia supernova known to date. The previous three eruptions of M31N 2008-12a have displayed remarkably homogeneous multiwavelength properties: (i) from a faint peak, the optical light curve declined rapidly by two magnitudes in less than two days, (ii) early spectra showed initial high velocities that slowed down significantly within days and ...


Precise Ages Of Field Stars From White Dwarf Companions, M. Fouesneau, H-W. Rix, T. Von Hippel, D. W. Hogg, H. Tian Feb 2018

Precise Ages Of Field Stars From White Dwarf Companions, M. Fouesneau, H-W. Rix, T. Von Hippel, D. W. Hogg, H. Tian

Publications

Observational tests of stellar and Galactic chemical evolution call for the joint knowledge of a star’s physical parameters, detailed element abundances, and precise age. For cool main-sequence (MS) stars the abundances of many elements can be measured from spectroscopy, but ages are very hard to determine. The situation is different if the MS star has a white dwarf (WD) companion and a known distance, as the age of such a binary system can then be determined precisely from the photometric properties of the cooling WD. As a pilot study for obtaining precise age determinations of field MS stars, we ...


Book Review: From The Realm Of The Nebulae To Populations Of Galaxies: Dialogues On A Century Of Research, Astrophysics And Space Science Library, 435, T. D. Oswalt Apr 2017

Book Review: From The Realm Of The Nebulae To Populations Of Galaxies: Dialogues On A Century Of Research, Astrophysics And Space Science Library, 435, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of From the Realm of the Nebulae to Populations of Galaxies : Dialogues on a Century of Research, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 435. by Mauro D'Onofrio, Roberto Rampazzo, and Simone Zaggia Springer, 2016 785p bibl index afp, 9783319310046 $279.00, 9783319310060 $219.00


Bayesian Analysis Of Two Stellar Populations In Galactic Globular Clusters – Iii. Analysis Of 30 Clusters, R. Wagner-Kaiser, D. C. Stenning, A Sarajedini, Ted Von Hippel, D. A. Van Dyk, E. Robinson, W. H. Jefferys Sep 2016

Bayesian Analysis Of Two Stellar Populations In Galactic Globular Clusters – Iii. Analysis Of 30 Clusters, R. Wagner-Kaiser, D. C. Stenning, A Sarajedini, Ted Von Hippel, D. A. Van Dyk, E. Robinson, W. H. Jefferys

Publications

We use Cycle 21 Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations and HST archival ACS Treasury observations of 30 Galactic globular clusters to characterize two distinct stellar populations. A sophisticated Bayesian technique is employed to simultaneously sample the joint posterior distribution of age, distance, and extinction for each cluster, as well as unique helium values for two populations within each cluster and the relative proportion of those populations. We find the helium differences among the two populations in the clusters fall in the range of ∼0.04 to 0.11. Because adequate models varying in carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen are not presently ...


Book Review: How Do You Find An Exoplanet?, T. D. Oswalt Sep 2016

Book Review: How Do You Find An Exoplanet?, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of How Do You Find an Exoplanet? by John Asher Johnson. Princeton, 2016 178p bibl index afp, 9780691156811 $35.00, 9781400873999


New Halo White Dwarf Candidates In The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Kyra Dame, A. Gianninas, Mukremin Kilic, Jeffrey A. Munn, Warren R. Brown, Kurtis A. Williams, Ted Von Hippel, Hugh C. Harris Aug 2016

New Halo White Dwarf Candidates In The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Kyra Dame, A. Gianninas, Mukremin Kilic, Jeffrey A. Munn, Warren R. Brown, Kurtis A. Williams, Ted Von Hippel, Hugh C. Harris

Publications

We present optical spectroscopy and near-infrared photometry of 57 faint (g = 19–22) high proper motion white dwarfs identified through repeat imaging of ≈3100 deg2 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey footprint by Munn et al. We use ugriz and JHphotometry to perform a model atmosphere analysis, and identify 10 ultracool white dwarfs with Teff < 4000 K, including the coolest pure H atmosphere white dwarf currently known, J1657+2638, with Teff = 3550 ± 100 K. The majority of the objects with cooling ages larger than 9 Gyr display thick disc kinematics and constrain the age of the thick disc to ≥11 Gyr. There are four white dwarfs in our sample with large tangential ...


Book Review: The Cambridge Atlas Of Herschel Objects, T. D. Oswalt Nov 2011

Book Review: The Cambridge Atlas Of Herschel Objects, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of The Cambridge Atlas of Herschel Objects by James Mullaney and Wil Tirion Cambridge, 2011 183p, 0521138175 $35.00, 9780521138178 $35.00.


Book Review: Guide To Observing Deep-Sky Objects: A Complete Global Resource For Astronomers, T. D. Oswalt Jun 2008

Book Review: Guide To Observing Deep-Sky Objects: A Complete Global Resource For Astronomers, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Guide to Observing Deep-Sky Objects : a Complete Global Resource for Astronomers by Jeff A. Farinacci. Springer, 2007 189p, 9780387728506 $29.95


Book Review: Evolution Of Stars And Stellar Populations, T. D. Oswalt Jul 2006

Book Review: Evolution Of Stars And Stellar Populations, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Evolution of Stars and Stellar Populations by Maurizio Salaris and Santi Cassisi Wiley, 2005 374p, 047009219X $150.00, 047009219X $60.00


Book Review: Sky Vistas: Astronomy For Binoculars And Richestfield Telescopes, T. D. Oswalt Sep 2004

Book Review: Sky Vistas: Astronomy For Binoculars And Richestfield Telescopes, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Sky Vistas : Astronomy for Binoculars and Richestfield Telescopes by Craig Crossen and Gerald Rhemann Springer, 2004 279p, 3211008519 $69.95


Book Review: Flash!: The Hunt For The Biggest Explosions In The Universe, T. D. Oswalt Jan 2002

Book Review: Flash!: The Hunt For The Biggest Explosions In The Universe, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Flash! : the hunt for the biggest explosions in the universe by Govert Schilling. tr. by Naomi Greenberg-Slovin Cambridge, 2002 291p, 0-521-80053-6 $28.00


Book Review: The Observing Guide To The Messier Marathon: A Handbook And Atlas, T. D. Oswalt Jan 2002

Book Review: The Observing Guide To The Messier Marathon: A Handbook And Atlas, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of The Observing Guide to the Messier Marathon : a Handbook and Atlas by Don Machholz. Cambridge, 2002 157p, 0-521-80386-1 $25.00.


Steps Toward Determination Of The Size And Structure Of The Broad-Line Region In Active Galactic Nuclei. Xii. Ground-Based Monitoring Of 3c 390.3, M. Dietrich, Terry D. Oswalt, B. M. Peterson, P. Albrecht, M. Altmann, Et Al. Apr 1998

Steps Toward Determination Of The Size And Structure Of The Broad-Line Region In Active Galactic Nuclei. Xii. Ground-Based Monitoring Of 3c 390.3, M. Dietrich, Terry D. Oswalt, B. M. Peterson, P. Albrecht, M. Altmann, Et Al.

Publications

Results of a ground-based optical monitoring campaign on 3C 390.3 in 1994-1995 are presented. The broadband fluxes (B, V, R, and I), the spectrophotometric optical continuum flux and the Fλ(5177 Å),integrated emission-line fluxes of Hᵪ Hβ, Hᵧ, He I λ5876 and He II λ4686 all show a nearly monotonic increase with episodes of milder short-term variations superposed. The amplitude of the continuum variations increases with decreasing wavelength (4400-9000 Å). The optical continuum variations follow the variations in the ultraviolet and X-ray with time delays, measured from the centroids of the cross-correlation functions, typically around 5 ...