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Articles 1  21 of 21
FullText Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics
Effect Of Rare Locally Ordered Regions On A Disordered Itinerant Quantum Antiferromagnet With Cubic Anisotropy, Rajesh S. Narayanan, Thomas Vojta
Effect Of Rare Locally Ordered Regions On A Disordered Itinerant Quantum Antiferromagnet With Cubic Anisotropy, Rajesh S. Narayanan, Thomas Vojta
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
We study the quantum phase transition of an itinerant antiferromagnet with cubic anisotropy in the presence of quenched disorder, paying particular attention to the locally ordered spatial regions that form in the Griffiths region. We derive an effective action where these rare regions are described in terms of static annealed disorder. A oneloop renormalizationgroup analysis of the effective action shows that for orderparameter dimensions p<4, the rare regions destroy the conventional critical behavior, and the renormalized disorder flows to infinity. For orderparameter dimensions p>4, the critical behavior is not influenced by the rare regions; it is described by the conventional dirty cubic fixed point. We also discuss the influence of the rare regions on the fluctuationdriven firstorder transition ...
ElectronImpact Excitation To The 4p⁵5s And 4p⁵5p Levels Of Kr  Using Different DistortedWave And CloseCoupling Methods, Arati K. Dasgupta, Klaus Bartschat, D. Vaid, Alexei N. GrumGrzhimailo, Don H. Madison, Milan Blaha, John L. Giuliani
ElectronImpact Excitation To The 4p⁵5s And 4p⁵5p Levels Of Kr  Using Different DistortedWave And CloseCoupling Methods, Arati K. Dasgupta, Klaus Bartschat, D. Vaid, Alexei N. GrumGrzhimailo, Don H. Madison, Milan Blaha, John L. Giuliani
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
Electronimpact excitation of the 4p55s and 4p55p levels of Kr I has been investigated in detail by calculating cross sections using distortedwave and closecoupling approaches. The results are presented from the excitation thresholds up to 50 eV incident energy. They are contrasted among the different calculations and compared with other theoretical predictions and experimental data. Significant disagreement is found with many of the recent experimental data of Chilton et al. [Phys. Rev. A 62, 032714 (2000)].
ThreeBody Coulomb Problem Probed By Mapping The Bethe Surface In Ionizing IonAtom Collisions, Robert Moshammer, Appathurai N. Perumal, Michael Schulz, V. D. Rodriguez, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich
ThreeBody Coulomb Problem Probed By Mapping The Bethe Surface In Ionizing IonAtom Collisions, Robert Moshammer, Appathurai N. Perumal, Michael Schulz, V. D. Rodriguez, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
The threebody Coulomb problem has been explored in kinematically complete experiments on single ionization of helium by 100 MeV / u C 6 + and 3.6 MeV / u u 5 3 + impact. Lowenergy electron emission (E e < 150 eV ) as a function of the projectile deflection ϑ p (momentum transfer), i.e., the Bethe surface [[15]], has been mapped with Δ ϑ p ± 25 nanoradian resolution at extremely large perturbations (3.6 MeV / uAu^{53+} ) where single ionization occurs at impact parameters of typically 10 times the He K shell radius. The experimental data are not in agreement with stateoftheart continuum distorted waveeikonal initial state theory.
Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Intermetallic Compound, Jinbo Yang, Kishore Kamaraju, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, A. Bollero
Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Intermetallic Compound, Jinbo Yang, Kishore Kamaraju, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, A. Bollero
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
A MnBi alloy containing over 90 wt% lowtemperature phase (LTP) has been obtained by hightemperature sintering and magnetic purification. The coercivity of the bonded MnBi magnet increases with increasing temperatures. A coercivity of 2.0 T has been achieved at 400 K. The maximum energy product (BH)_{max}; of the magnet is 7.7 MGOe (61 kJ/m^{3}) and 4.6 MGOe (37 kJ/m^{3}) at room temperature and 400 K, respectively. Neutron diffraction and magnetic data reveal a spin reorientation, which gives rise to low anisotropy fields and coercivity at lower temperatures for the LTP MnBi alloy.
Nature Of Charge Carriers In Disordered Molecular Solids: Are Polarons Compatible With Observations?, Paul Ernest Parris, Vasudev M. Kenkre, David H. Dunlap
Nature Of Charge Carriers In Disordered Molecular Solids: Are Polarons Compatible With Observations?, Paul Ernest Parris, Vasudev M. Kenkre, David H. Dunlap
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
Polaronic theories for charge transport in disordered organic solids, particularly molecularly doped polymers, have been plagued by issues of internal consistency related to the magnitude of physical parameters. We present a natural resolution of the problem by showing that, in the presence of correlated disorder, polaronic carriers with binding energies Δ ~ 50  500 meV and transfer integrals J ~ 1  20 meV are completely consistent with the magnitudes of field and temperature dependent mobilities observed.
Tunable Local Polariton Modes In Semiconductors, Michael G. Foygel, Alexey Yamilov, Lev I. Deych, Alexander A. Lisyansky
Tunable Local Polariton Modes In Semiconductors, Michael G. Foygel, Alexey Yamilov, Lev I. Deych, Alexander A. Lisyansky
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
We study the local states within the polariton band gap that arise due to deep defect centers with strong electronphonon coupling. Electron transitions involving deep levels may result in alteration of local elastic constants. In this case, substantial reversible transformations of the impurity polariton density of states occur, which include the appearance/disappearance of the polariton impurity band, and its shift and/or the modification of its shape. These changes can be induced by thermo and photoexcitation of the localized electron states or by trapping of injected charge carriers. We develop a simple model, which is applied to the O ...
Strong Enhancement Of Superconducting T_{C} In Ferromagnetic Phases, Theodore R. Kirkpatrick, Dietrich Belitz, Thomas Vojta, Rajesh S. Narayanan
Strong Enhancement Of Superconducting TC In Ferromagnetic Phases, Theodore R. Kirkpatrick, Dietrich Belitz, Thomas Vojta, Rajesh S. Narayanan
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
It is shown that the critical temperature for spintriplet, pwave superconductivity mediated by spin fluctuations is generically much higher in a Heisenberg ferromagnetic phase than in a paramagnetic one, due to the coupling of the magnons to the longitudinal magnetic susceptibility. Together with the tendency of the lowtemperature ferromagnetic transition in very clean Heisenberg magnets to be of first order, this qualitatively explains the phase diagram recently observed in UGe_{2}.
Quantum Phase Transition Of Itinerant Helimagnets, Thomas Vojta, Rastko Sknepnek
Quantum Phase Transition Of Itinerant Helimagnets, Thomas Vojta, Rastko Sknepnek
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
We investigate the quantum phase transition of itinerant electrons from a paramagnet to a state which displays longperiod helical structures due to a Dzyaloshinskii instability of the ferromagnetic state. In particular, we study how the selfgenerated effective longrange interaction recently identified in itinerant quantum ferromagnets is cut off by the helical ordering. We find that for a sufficiently strong Dzyaloshinskii instability the helimagnetic quantum phase transition is of second order with meanfield exponents. In contrast, for a weak Dzyaloshinskii instability the transition is analogous to that in itinerant quantum ferromagnets, i.e., it is of first order, as has been ...
Resummation Of The Divergent Perturbation Series For A Hydrogen Atom In An Electric Field, Ulrich D. Jentschura
Resummation Of The Divergent Perturbation Series For A Hydrogen Atom In An Electric Field, Ulrich D. Jentschura
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
We consider the resummation of the perturbation series describing the energy displacement of a hydrogenic bound state in an electric field (known as the Stark effect or the LoSurdoStark effect), which constitutes a divergent formal power series in the electricfield strength. The perturbation series exhibits a rich singularity structure in the Borel plane. Resummation methods are presented that appear to lead to consistent results even in problematic cases where isolated singularities or branch cuts are present on the positive and negative real axis in the Borel plane. Two resummation prescriptions are compared: (i) a variant of the BorelPad'e resummation ...
Local Polariton Modes And Resonant Tunneling Of Electromagnetic Waves Through Periodic Bragg Multiple Quantum Well Structures, Lev I. Deych, Alexey Yamilov, Alexander A. Lisyansky
Local Polariton Modes And Resonant Tunneling Of Electromagnetic Waves Through Periodic Bragg Multiple Quantum Well Structures, Lev I. Deych, Alexey Yamilov, Alexander A. Lisyansky
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
We study analytically defect polariton states in Bragg multiple quantum well structures and defectinduced changes in transmission and reflection spectra. Defect layers can differ from the host layers in three ways: excitonlight coupling strength, exciton resonance frequency, and interwell spacing. We show that a single defect leads to two local polariton modes in the photonic band gap. These modes cause peculiarities in reflection and transmission spectra. Each type of defect can be reproduced experimentally, and we show that each of these plays a distinct role in the optical properties of the system. For some defects, we predict a narrow transmission ...
Separation Of Recollision Mechanisms In Nonsequential Strong Field Double Ionization Of Ar: The Role Of Excitation Tunneling, Bernold Feuerstein, Daniel Fischer, Alexander Dorn, Claus Dieter Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, Jose R. Crespo LopezUrrutia, C. Hohr, Paul B. Neumayer, Horst Rottke, Christoph Trump, M. Wittmann, Georg Korn, Wolfgang Sandner, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich
Separation Of Recollision Mechanisms In Nonsequential Strong Field Double Ionization Of Ar: The Role Of Excitation Tunneling, Bernold Feuerstein, Daniel Fischer, Alexander Dorn, Claus Dieter Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, Jose R. Crespo LopezUrrutia, C. Hohr, Paul B. Neumayer, Horst Rottke, Christoph Trump, M. Wittmann, Georg Korn, Wolfgang Sandner, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
Vector momentum distributions of two electrons created in double ionization of Ar by 25 fs, 0.25PW/cm^{2} laser pulses at 795 nm have been measured using a “reaction microscope.” At this intensity, where nonsequential ionization dominates, distinct correlation patterns are observed in the twoelectron momentum distributions. A kinematical analysis of these spectra within the classical “recollision model” revealed an (e,2e)like process and excitation with subsequent tunneling of the second electron as two different ionization mechanisms. This allows a qualitative separation of the two mechanisms demonstrating that excitationtunneling is the dominant contribution to the total double ionization ...
Scaling In OneDimensional Localized Absorbing Systems, Lev I. Deych, Alexey Yamilov, Alexander A. Lisyansky
Scaling In OneDimensional Localized Absorbing Systems, Lev I. Deych, Alexey Yamilov, Alexander A. Lisyansky
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
Numerical study of the scaling of transmission fluctuations in the onedimensional localization problem in the presence of absorption is carried out. Violations of singleparameter scaling for lossy systems are found and explained on the basis of a new criterion for different types of scaling behavior derived by Deych et al.
Electronic Structure Of Superconducting Mgb₂ And Related Binary And Ternary Borides, Nadezhda I. Medvedeva, Alexander L. Ivanovskii, Julia E. Medvedeva, Arthur J. Freeman
Electronic Structure Of Superconducting Mgb₂ And Related Binary And Ternary Borides, Nadezhda I. Medvedeva, Alexander L. Ivanovskii, Julia E. Medvedeva, Arthur J. Freeman
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
Firstprinciples full potential linear muffintin orbitalgeneralized gradient approximation electronic structure calculations of the new mediumT_{c} superconductor (MTSC) MgB_{2} and related diborides indicate that superconductivity in these compounds is related to the existence of P_{x,y}band holes at the γ point. Based on these calculations, we explain the absence of mediumT_{c} superconductivity for BeB_{2}, AlB_{2}, ScB_{2}, and YB_{2}. The simulation of a number of MgB_{2}based ternary systems using a supercell approach demonstrates that (i) the electron doping of MgB_{2} (i.e., MgB_{2y}X_{y} with X=Be, C ...
Electron SelfEnergy For The K And L Shells At Low Nuclear Charge, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr, Gerhard Soff
Electron SelfEnergy For The K And L Shells At Low Nuclear Charge, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr, Gerhard Soff
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
A nonperturbative numerical evaluation of the onephoton electron selfenergy for the K and Lshell states of hydrogenlike ions with nuclear charge numbers Z =1 to 5 is described. Our calculation for the 1S_{1/2} state has a numerical uncertainty of 0.8 Hz in atomic hydrogen, and for the Lshell states (2S_{1/2} , 2P_{1/2} , and 2P_{3/2}) the numerical uncertainty is 1.0 Hz. The method of evaluation for the ground state and for the excited states is described in detail. The numerical results are compared to results based on known terms in the expansion ...
Open Strings, 2d Gravity, And Ads/Cft Correspondence, Mariano Cadoni, Marco Cavaglia
Open Strings, 2d Gravity, And Ads/Cft Correspondence, Mariano Cadoni, Marco Cavaglia
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
We present a detailed discussion of the duality between dilaton gravity on AdS_{2} and open strings. The correspondence between the two theories is established using their symmetries and field theoretical, thermodynamic, and statistical arguments. We use the dual conformai field theory to describe twodimensional black holes. In particular, all the semiclassical features of the black holes, including the entropy, have a natural interpretation in terms of the dual microscopic conformai dynamics. The previous results are discussed in the general framework of the antide Sitter/conformal field theory dualities.
NonSequential Double Ionization Of Ne In Intense Laser Pulses: A Coincidence Experiment, Robert Moshammer, Bernold Feuerstein, Daniel Fischer, Alexander Dorn, Claus Dieter Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, Jose R. Crespo LopezUrrutia, C. Hohr, Paul B. Neumayer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Horst Rottke, Christoph Trump, M. Wittmann, Georg Korn, Wolfgang Sandner
NonSequential Double Ionization Of Ne In Intense Laser Pulses: A Coincidence Experiment, Robert Moshammer, Bernold Feuerstein, Daniel Fischer, Alexander Dorn, Claus Dieter Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, Jose R. Crespo LopezUrrutia, C. Hohr, Paul B. Neumayer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Horst Rottke, Christoph Trump, M. Wittmann, Georg Korn, Wolfgang Sandner
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
The dynamics of Neon double ionization by 25 fs, 1.0 PW/cm^{2} laser pulses at 795 nm has been studied in a many particle coincidence experiment. The momentum vectors of all ejected atomic fragments (electrons and ions) have been measured using combined electron and recoilion momentum spectroscopy. Electron emission spectra for double and single ionization will be discussed. In both processes the mean electron energies differ considerably and high energetic electrons with energies of more than 120 eV have been observed for double ionization. The experimental results are in qualitative agreement with the rescattering model.
Fully Differential Cusp Electron Production Cross Sections For 75Kev H₂⁺ + He Collisions, L. An, Kh Khayvat, Michael Schulz
Fully Differential Cusp Electron Production Cross Sections For 75Kev H₂⁺ + He Collisions, L. An, Kh Khayvat, Michael Schulz
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
A kinematically complete experiment on single ionization for 75keV H_{2}^{+} + H e collisions was performed by measuring the fully momentum analyzed projectiles and recoil ions in coincidence. The electron momentum was deduced from momentum conservation. Clear signatures of the postcollision interaction between the outgoing projectiles and the electrons were observed in the momentum spectra of all collision products simultaneously.
TwoDimensional Black Holes As Open Strings: A New Realization Of The Ads/Cft Correspondence, Mariano Cadoni, Marco Cavaglia
TwoDimensional Black Holes As Open Strings: A New Realization Of The Ads/Cft Correspondence, Mariano Cadoni, Marco Cavaglia
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
We show that weakcoupled twodimensional dilation gravity on antide Sitter space can be described by the dynamics of an open string. Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions for the string lead two different realizations of the antide Sitter/Conformal Field Theory correspondence. In particular, in the Dirichlet case the thermodynamical entropy of twodimensional black holes can be exactly reproduced by counting the string states.
Electronic Structures And Magnetism Of Lani₅₋ₓFeₓ Compounds, Jinbo Yang, ChiuYing Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James
Electronic Structures And Magnetism Of Lani₅₋ₓFeₓ Compounds, Jinbo Yang, ChiuYing Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
A systematic study of the magnetic moments and hyperfine interactions of the LaNi_{5x}Fe_{x} compounds was performed using the spinpolarized tightbindinglinearmuffintinorbital methods (TBLMTO). The calculated results were compared with neutron diffraction and Mössbauer experimental data and found to be in good agreement. Fe atoms exhibit more localized magnetic moments in LaNi_{5x}Fe_{x} when the Fe content x is lower than 1.0. The calculated magnetic moments of the Fe atoms approach values as large as 2.5μ_{B} due to the dilution effect. The strong sd hybridization between the Ni and La atoms and the neighboring ...
Electric Field Controlled, Pulsed Autoionization In Two Electron Wave Packets, J. Greg Story, Heider N. Ereifej
Electric Field Controlled, Pulsed Autoionization In Two Electron Wave Packets, J. Greg Story, Heider N. Ereifej
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
In this paper, control of the evolution of a two electron wave packet through the application of a static electric field is demonstrated. Specifically, application of a small electric field is used to produce pulsed autoionization events, the timing of which can be controlled on a picosecond time scale. The technique is demonstrated by exciting calcium atoms using a shortpulsed laser to the 4p_{3/2}19d doubly excited state, which is energy degenerate with the 4p_{1/2}nk stark states. Evolution of the resultant wave packet is monitored through the application of a second short laser pulse, which ...
Structural, Electronic, And Magnetic Properties Of Lani₅₋ₓTₓ (T = Fe, Mn) Compounds, Jinbo Yang, ChiuYing Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Y. Kong
Structural, Electronic, And Magnetic Properties Of Lani₅₋ₓTₓ (T = Fe, Mn) Compounds, Jinbo Yang, ChiuYing Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Y. Kong
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
Structures and magnetic properties of the LaNi_{5x}Fe_{x} and LaNi_{5x}Mn_{x} compounds have been investigated using neutron diffraction and firstprinciples tightbindinglinearmuffintinorbital methods. Both neutron diffraction refinement data and total energy calculations show that the Fe and Mn atoms preferentially occupy the 3g sites in the hexagonal CaCu_{5}type structure. The calculated magnetic moments of Fe and Ni atoms are of 2.42.5μ_{B} and 0.20.5μ_{B} in LaNi_{5x}Fe_{x}, respectively. The magnetic structure exhibits more localized moments at Fe atoms in LaNi_{5x}Fe_{x} when x ≤ 1.0. Electronic ...