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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Angle-Resolved X-Ray Circular And Magnetic Circular Dichroisms: Definitions And Applications, Sy Y. Tong, X. Q. Guo, James G. Tobin, George Daniel Waddill Dec 1996

Angle-Resolved X-Ray Circular And Magnetic Circular Dichroisms: Definitions And Applications, Sy Y. Tong, X. Q. Guo, James G. Tobin, George Daniel Waddill

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We introduce definitions of angle-resolved x-ray circular dichroism (ARXCD) and magnetic x-ray circular dichroism (ARMXCD). As defined, the much larger effect of circular dichroism (ARXCD) is separated from the smaller magnetic (ARMXCD) effect. In all materials, ARXCD is zero along mirror planes while nonzero elsewhere. ARMXCD is nonzero only in magnetic materials. The measurement and analysis of ARMXCD allow element specific surface magnetism and surface structure as well as their inter-relationship to be studied as functions of the outgoing electron's direction.


Breakdown Of Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson Theory For Certain Quantum Phase Transitions, Thomas Vojta, Dietrich Belitz, Rajesh S. Narayanan, Theodore R. Kirkpatrick Oct 1996

Breakdown Of Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson Theory For Certain Quantum Phase Transitions, Thomas Vojta, Dietrich Belitz, Rajesh S. Narayanan, Theodore R. Kirkpatrick

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The quantum ferromagnetic transition of itinerant electrons is considered. It is shown that the Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson theory described by Hertz and others breaks down due to a singular coupling between fluctuations of the conserved order parameter. This coupling induces an effective long-range interaction between the spins of the form 1/r2d-1. It leads to unusual scaling behavior at the quantum critical point in 1 < d ≤ 3 dimensions, which is determined exactly.


Theory Of The Seebeck Coefficient In Lacro₃ And Related Perovskite Systems, D. B. Marsh, Paul Ernest Parris Sep 1996

Theory Of The Seebeck Coefficient In Lacro₃ And Related Perovskite Systems, D. B. Marsh, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We consider the Seebeck coefficient in LaCrO3 and related transition-metal-oxide perovskites using a model for electronic conduction based on the electronic structure of the 3d orbitals of the B-site transition-metal cations. Relations for the Seebeck coefficient are presented for those perovskite systems in which electronic conduction is through the t2g states of the B-site transition-metal cations. High- and low-temperature limits for the Seebeck coefficient are identified for the cases of both strong and weak magnetic coupling between electron spins. In these high- and low-temperature limits, the Seebeck coefficient is determined as a function of carrier concentration. Results are ...


Higher-Order Binding Corrections To The Lamb Shift Of 2p States, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Krzysztof Pachucki Sep 1996

Higher-Order Binding Corrections To The Lamb Shift Of 2p States, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Krzysztof Pachucki

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present an improved calculation of higher-order corrections to the one-loop self-energy of 2P states in hydrogenlike systems with small nuclear charge Z. The method is based on a division of the integration with respect to the photon energy into a high- and a low-energy part. The high-energy part is calculated by an expansion of the electron propagator in powers of the Coulomb field. The low-energy part is simplified by the application of a Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation. This transformation leads to a clear separation of the leading contribution from the relativistic corrections and removes higher-order terms. The method is applied to ...


Neutron Diffraction Structural Study Of Ce₂Fe₁₇₋ₓGaₓ, H. Luo, Z. Hu, William B. Yelon, Sanjay R. Mishra, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, D. P. Middleton, K. H. J. Buschow Aug 1996

Neutron Diffraction Structural Study Of Ce₂Fe₁₇₋ₓGaₓ, H. Luo, Z. Hu, William B. Yelon, Sanjay R. Mishra, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, D. P. Middleton, K. H. J. Buschow

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Six samples of Ce2Fe17-xGax with nominal Ga content x equal to 0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0, 2.0 have been studied by powder neutron diffraction at room temperature. Both crystalline and magnetic refinements have been carried out. All six samples adopt the Th2Zn17-type rhombohedral structure. The only additional phase found is α-iron. Gallium atoms are found to have high affinity for the iron 18h site, and are absent from the 9d and 18f sites. The Ga substitution for Fe leads to an expansion of both the a ...


Relation Between Charge-Dipole Interactions And The Sqrt(E)-Dependent Mobility In Molecularly Doped Polymers, Paul Ernest Parris Aug 1996

Relation Between Charge-Dipole Interactions And The Sqrt(E)-Dependent Mobility In Molecularly Doped Polymers, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Time-of-flight measurements on a wide variety of molecularly-doped polymers reveal carrier mobilities that exhibit an exponential dependence on the square root of the applied electric field. Recent attempts to explain the observed field dependence have focused on the role played by spatial and energetic disorder. It as also been conjectured that the charge-dipole interactions often identified as the source of energetic disorder could be of sufficient range to lead to correlations in the energies of neighboring hopping sites. We have analytically explored the effect of such correlations on high field carrier transport in random potentials, and discuss how particular features ...


Charge-Dipole Model For The Universal Field Dependence Of Mobilities In Molecularly Doped Polymers, David H. Dunlap, Paul Ernest Parris, Vasudev M. Kenkre Jul 1996

Charge-Dipole Model For The Universal Field Dependence Of Mobilities In Molecularly Doped Polymers, David H. Dunlap, Paul Ernest Parris, Vasudev M. Kenkre

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Using the general result that the mobility μ, of charge carriers driven in a spatially correlated random potential by an electric field E can be expressed in terms of the Laplace transform of a particular correlation function related to the random potential, we demonstrate that the exponential dependence of μ on √E universally observed in molecularly doped polymers arises naturally from the interaction of charge carriers with randomly distributed permanent dipoles.


Binary Nucleation Kinetics. Iii. Transient Behavior And Time Lags, Barbara Ellen Wyslouzil, Gerald Wilemski Jul 1996

Binary Nucleation Kinetics. Iii. Transient Behavior And Time Lags, Barbara Ellen Wyslouzil, Gerald Wilemski

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Transient binary nucleation is more complex than unary because of the bidimensionality of the cluster formation kinetics. To investigate this problem qualitatively and quantitatively, we numerically solved the birth-death equations for vapor-to-liquid phase transitions. Our previous work [J. Chem. Phys 103, 1137 (1995)] showed that the customary saddle point and growth path approximations are almost always valid in steady state gas phase nucleation and only fail if the nucleated solution phase is significantly nonideal. The current work demonstrates that in its early transient stages, binary nucleation rarely, if ever, occurs via the saddle point. This affects not only the number ...


Neutron Diffraction Studies Of NdₙFeₘ₋ₓ₋YVₓAlY [(N,M)=(1,12), (2,17), (3,29)], Z. Hu, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James Apr 1996

Neutron Diffraction Studies Of NdₙFeₘ₋ₓ₋YVₓAlY [(N,M)=(1,12), (2,17), (3,29)], Z. Hu, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Several NdnFem-x-yVxAly [(n,m)=(1,12), (2,17), (3,29)] samples were prepared and analyzed using neutron powder diffraction. Rietveld analysis of the neutron diffraction data indicates that the V and Al substituents take those sites with similar environments in all three phases, as observed in our previous study of Ti-substituted compounds. It was confirmed that the diffraction data of the 3:29 compound can be better refined using the A2/m space group than using the P21/c space group. The SQUID measurements show that all samples have Curie temperatures well ...


Neutron Diffraction And Magnetic Studies Of Rfe₁₂₋ₓTₓCY (R=Y,Er; T=V,Ti,Mo) Alloys, Z. Hu, William B. Yelon, X. D. Zhang, William Joseph James Apr 1996

Neutron Diffraction And Magnetic Studies Of Rfe₁₂₋ₓTₓCY (R=Y,Er; T=V,Ti,Mo) Alloys, Z. Hu, William B. Yelon, X. D. Zhang, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

RFe12-xTxCy, (R=Y,Er; T=V,Ti,Mo) alloys were prepared by rf induction melting and analyzed using neutron powder diffraction and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) measurements. Rietveld analysis of the neutron diffraction data indicates that V, Ti, and Mo atoms all prefer the 8i sites. The refined amount of carbon atoms found in the interstitial sites from neutron diffraction data is significantly less than the nominal carbon content. All samples have the easy direction along the c axis. The Er sublattice couples to the Fe sublattice antiferromagnetically. The average Fe site moments range ...


Site Affinity Of Substituents In Nd₂Fe₁₇₋ₓTₓ (T=Cu,Zr,Nb,Ti,V) Alloys, William B. Yelon, Z. Hu, William Joseph James, G. K. Marasinghe Apr 1996

Site Affinity Of Substituents In Nd₂Fe₁₇₋ₓTₓ (T=Cu,Zr,Nb,Ti,V) Alloys, William B. Yelon, Z. Hu, William Joseph James, G. K. Marasinghe

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In order to understand the magnetic properties of the substituted rare-earth-iron alloys, it is especially important to know the location of the substitutional atoms within the iron lattice. The site distributions of some nontransition-metal substituents in the substituted Nd2Fe17-xTx alloys have previously been reported. Here we report the site distributions of some transition-metal substituents (Cu,Zr,Nb,Ti,V) in the Nd2Fe17-xTx alloys and compare them with those of the nontransition-metal substituted compounds. Rietveld analysis of neutron powder diffraction data indicates that the nontransition-metal substituents show very similar site affinity ...


Fine-Structure Effect For (E,2e) Collisions, Don H. Madison, V. D. Kravtsov, Stephenie J. Jones, Robert P. Mceachran Apr 1996

Fine-Structure Effect For (E,2e) Collisions, Don H. Madison, V. D. Kravtsov, Stephenie J. Jones, Robert P. Mceachran

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

For the case of inelastic electron-atom scattering, it has been known for some time that significant spin effects may be observed even if spin-dependent forces on the projectile can be ignored. These spin effects result from the Pauli principle and this phenomenon has become known as the fine-structure effect. Recently, the question of whether or not these same types of effects should be observed for atomic ionization has been considered and the initial indications are that significant spin asymmetries can also be expected for atomic ionization if the final ion satisfies LS coupling and the final J state of the ...


Critical Behavior Of A Quantum Spherical Model In A Random Field, Thomas Vojta, Michael Schreiber Apr 1996

Critical Behavior Of A Quantum Spherical Model In A Random Field, Thomas Vojta, Michael Schreiber

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We consider the influence of a quenched random field on the critical behavior of a quantum spherical model at the zero-temperature quantum phase transition. We find a complete solution of the model for arbitrary translationally invariant pair interactions. It turns out that the critical behavior for zero as well as finite temperatures is dominated by static random field fluctuations rather than by quantum or thermal fluctuations. Therefore the critical behavior close to the zero-temperature quantum phase transition is identical to that close to a finite-temperature transition. The system does not show a crossover from quantum to classical behavior.


Quantum Version Of A Spherical Model: Crossover From Quantum To Classical Critical Behavior, Thomas Vojta Jan 1996

Quantum Version Of A Spherical Model: Crossover From Quantum To Classical Critical Behavior, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate a quantum version of the spherical model which is obtained from the classical Berlin-Kac spherical model by a simple canonical quantization scheme. We find a complete solution of the model for short-range as well as for long-range interactions. At finite temperatures the critical behavior is the same as in the classical spherical model whereas at zero temperature we find a quantum phase transition characterized by new critical exponents. Based on a functional-integral representation of the partition function the free energy of the model is shown to be equivalent to that of the nonlinear σ model in the limit ...


Effective-Medium Theory For The Electric-Field Dependence Of The Hopping Conductivity Of Disordered Solids, Paul Ernest Parris, B. D. Bookout Jan 1996

Effective-Medium Theory For The Electric-Field Dependence Of The Hopping Conductivity Of Disordered Solids, Paul Ernest Parris, B. D. Bookout

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We derive a general effective-medium theory for describing biased diffusion on a bond-disordered lattice in the presence of an external driving field. In our theory, the effective medium associated with a disordered d-dimensional lattice is characterized, for each value of the applied field, by 2d independent parameters describing, respectively, the net drift velocity vv and the diffusion constant Dvv describing the spread of a carrier packet about its mean value, for each of the d crystal axes. The theory correctly predicts the velocity transition occurring in an exactly soluble model studied by Derrida and, in contrast to other ...


Neutron Diffraction And Magnetic Studies Of Nd₂Fe₁₇₋ₓTₓ (T=Si, Mn) Alloys, William B. Yelon, Z. Hu, Mingxing Chen, H. Luo, F. Pourarian, Peter C. Ezekwenna, G. K. Marasinghe, K. H. J. Buschow, D. P. Middleton, William Joseph James Jan 1996

Neutron Diffraction And Magnetic Studies Of Nd₂Fe₁₇₋ₓTₓ (T=Si, Mn) Alloys, William B. Yelon, Z. Hu, Mingxing Chen, H. Luo, F. Pourarian, Peter C. Ezekwenna, G. K. Marasinghe, K. H. J. Buschow, D. P. Middleton, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have carried out neutron and magnetic studies on Nd2Fe17-xTx (T=Si, Mn) alloys. the unit cell of the compounds contracts with both Si and Mn substitution. Si atoms avoid the 6c site, prefer the 18h site strongly, fill the 9d site steadily and fill the 18f site only at relatively high Si concentration. Mn atoms avoid the 9d sites but prefer the 6c site strongly, while the 18f site and 18h site fill slowly. the Si site occupancies appear to be dominated by the crystal environment while the Mn site occupancies are dominated by ...