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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Magnetism And Superconductivity In (Er₀.₁₆Ho₀.₈₄)Rh₄B₄, Oran Allan Pringle, Herbert A. Mook, Steven E. Lambert, M. Brian Maple Nov 1988

Magnetism And Superconductivity In (Er₀.₁₆Ho₀.₈₄)Rh₄B₄, Oran Allan Pringle, Herbert A. Mook, Steven E. Lambert, M. Brian Maple

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The superconducting and ferromagnetic phase boundaries in the (Er1-xHox)Rh4B4 mixed ternary alloy system meet in a multicritical point at xcr ≈ 0.9. For xcr, the compounds first become superconducting as the temperature is lowered, and then lose superconductivity in a transition to ferromagnetism. The coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism for alloys near the erbium-rich end of the phase diagram is well established. It has also been suggested that ferromagnetism and superconductivity coexist in alloys with x just below xcr. We have carried out neutron-diffraction, ac magnetic susceptibility, and heat-capacity measurements on ...


A Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Spectral Study Of The Structure And Magnetic Properties Of The Y₂Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB Solid Solutions, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean Nov 1988

A Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Spectral Study Of The Structure And Magnetic Properties Of The Y₂Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB Solid Solutions, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A neutron diffraction and Mössbauer spectral study of Y2Fe14-xSixB shows that silicon preferentially occupies the 4c, and to a lesser extent, the 8j1 sites in Y2Fe14-xSixB. The trend in the site occupancy is the same as in Nd2Fe14-xSixB. The Curie temperature of Y2Fe14-xSixB increases with increasing silicon content. Neutron diffraction data show that the increase in Curie temperature is accompanied by a contraction of the unit cell. Wigner-Seitz cell calculations, using the Y2Fe ...


Resonant Transfer And Excitation In Li-Like F Colliding With H₂, Michael Schulz, Reinhold S. Schuch, Sheldon Datz, Edson L B Justiniano, Philip D. Miller, Harald Schone Nov 1988

Resonant Transfer And Excitation In Li-Like F Colliding With H₂, Michael Schulz, Reinhold S. Schuch, Sheldon Datz, Edson L B Justiniano, Philip D. Miller, Harald Schone

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured coincidences between x rays and projectiles that have captured one electron in F6+ + H2 collisions at projectile energies between 15 and 33 MeV. The cross sections for capture and simultaneous x-ray emission as a function of projectile energy show clear structures. Indications of an unexpectedly high population of high-n states predominantly formed by resonant transfer and excitation (RTE) were found. Above the Kln (n>1) RTE resonance energies another maximum was observed.


Excitation Of The Lowest Autoionizing Levels In Lithiumlike Ions By Electron Impact, Rajesh C. Srivastava, Don H. Madison Nov 1988

Excitation Of The Lowest Autoionizing Levels In Lithiumlike Ions By Electron Impact, Rajesh C. Srivastava, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present theoretical, differential, and total cross sections for electron impact excitation of the lowest autoionizing levels of various lithiumlike ions (viz., Be+, B2+, C3+, O5+, and Ne7+). For these ions, the autoionizing level of interest results from excitation of an inner-shell electron. A distorted-wave Born approximation (with exchange) is used for the calculation. The present results are compared with previous theoretical calculations and it is concluded that the Coulomb-Born approach is unreliable, particularly near threshold.


Temperature And Supersaturation Dependent Nucleation Rates Of Water By Molecular Cluster Model Calculations, Sung-Ho Suck Salk, Chen K. Lutrus, Donald E. Hagen Oct 1988

Temperature And Supersaturation Dependent Nucleation Rates Of Water By Molecular Cluster Model Calculations, Sung-Ho Suck Salk, Chen K. Lutrus, Donald E. Hagen

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Using a microphysical approach to nucleation, we present an extensive study of water nucleation rates for wide ranges of both temperature and supersaturation ratio. Based on the fundamental molecular properties of clusters instead of bulk properties, the microphysical approach is demonstrated to predict good agreement with measured nucleation rates over this broad range of conditions. Predicted critical sizes for nucleation are found to be relatively small, and are in the molecular cluster size regime rather than in a size regime that should be characterized by bulk values. Estimated sticking coefficient values cover the range of ~0.9 to ~0.2 ...


High-Pressure Neutron-Scattering Studies Of Graphite And Stage-Two Graphite-Sbcl₅, B. Alzyam, Clive H. Perry, C. Zahopoulos, Oran Allan Pringle, Robert M. Nicklow Jul 1988

High-Pressure Neutron-Scattering Studies Of Graphite And Stage-Two Graphite-Sbcl₅, B. Alzyam, Clive H. Perry, C. Zahopoulos, Oran Allan Pringle, Robert M. Nicklow

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The longitudinal-acoustic (LA) phonons propagating along the c axis in highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) were investigated as a function of pressure up to 20 kbar using inelastic-neutron-scattering techniques. The phonon frequencies varied as (P,q)=A(P)sin[c(P)q/2], where A(P) and c(P) indicate the pressure dependences of the zone-center LO frequency of B1g1 symmetry and of the c-axis lattice spacing, respectively. From the measurements, the mode Grüneisen parameter for the LA branch was estimated to be 1.5 x 10-2 kbar-1 (independent of q); the elastic constant C33 ...


Some Issues Of Thermodynamic Consistency In Binary Nucleation Theory, Gerald Wilemski Apr 1988

Some Issues Of Thermodynamic Consistency In Binary Nucleation Theory, Gerald Wilemski

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The "generalized" Kelvin equations used to determine the critical nucleus composition in some binary nucleation theories are shown to be thermodynamically inconsistent. Also, the surface tension calculated by the method of Flageollet-Daniel, Gamier, and Mirabel [J. Chem. Phys. 78, 2600 (1983)] is shown to be thermodynamically consistent with respect to the dynamic surface tension, contrary to the recent assertion of Spiegel, Zahoransky, and Wittig.


The Role Of Dephasing In Some Recent Theories Of Quantum Localization, Paul Ernest Parris, Philip W. Phillips Mar 1988

The Role Of Dephasing In Some Recent Theories Of Quantum Localization, Paul Ernest Parris, Philip W. Phillips

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We consider the transport of electrons or excitons through a random environment in the presence of constant site off-diagonal dephasing processes. It is shown that dephasing of this form will always defeat Anderson localization at long times. Some recent theories of quantum localization which depend upon such dephasing processes are, therefore, seen to be inconsistent.


Effects Of Transport Coherence On The Mutual Annihilation Of Excitons, Demet Gulen, Vasudev M. Kenkre, Robert S. Knox, Paul Ernest Parris Feb 1988

Effects Of Transport Coherence On The Mutual Annihilation Of Excitons, Demet Gulen, Vasudev M. Kenkre, Robert S. Knox, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report results of a theoretical investigation into the mutual annihilation of tight-binding excitons. The results are in apparent contradiction with intuitive expectations and provide corrections to expressions given by one of the present authors (V.M.K.) in an earlier analysis. A part of that analysis was based on a mapping of the dynamics of two mobile, mutually annihilating excitons onto the dynamics of a single exciton migrating in the presence of a fixed trap. We find that while this equivalence is valid for incoherent, randomly walking particles in an ordered system, it does not hold for an arbitrary ...