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Physics Faculty Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Non-Tropical Cyclone Related Winter Heavy Rainfall Events Over The Philippines: Climatology And Mechanisms, Gemma T. Narisma, Jun Matsumoto, Julie Mae Dado, Lyndon Mark Olaguera Jan 2021

Non-Tropical Cyclone Related Winter Heavy Rainfall Events Over The Philippines: Climatology And Mechanisms, Gemma T. Narisma, Jun Matsumoto, Julie Mae Dado, Lyndon Mark Olaguera

Physics Faculty Publications

This study investigates non-tropical cyclone (TC) related boreal winter heavy rainfall events that lead to extensive flooding (HRF) over the Philippines through a case study and composite analysis. The HRF event examined occurred during January 16–22, 2017 over Cagayan de Oro City (CDO) in Mindanao Island (122–127°E, 5–10°N). The accumulated rainfall over CDO reached by about 180 mm from 00 UTC January 16 to 00 UTC January 17, 2017, exceeding the climatological maximum daily rainfall in January over this area. The interaction of a westward propagating cyclonic circulation over Mindanao Island (MCC) and a shearline ...


Role Of Boundary Conditions In Quantum Computations Of Scattering Observables, Raúl A. Briceño, Juan V. Guerrero, Maxwell T. Hansen, Alexandru M. Sturzu Jan 2021

Role Of Boundary Conditions In Quantum Computations Of Scattering Observables, Raúl A. Briceño, Juan V. Guerrero, Maxwell T. Hansen, Alexandru M. Sturzu

Physics Faculty Publications

Quantum computing may offer the opportunity to simulate strongly interacting field theories, such as quantum chromodynamics, with physical time evolution. This would give access to Minkowski-signature correlators, in contrast to the Euclidean calculations routinely performed at present. However, as with present-day calculations, quantum computation strategies still require the restriction to a finite system size, including a finite, usually periodic, spatial volume. In this work, we investigate the consequences of this in the extraction of hadronic and Compton-like scattering amplitudes. Using the framework presented in Briceno et al. [Phys. Rev. D 101, 014509 (2020)], we estimate the volume effects for various ...


Beam Spin Asymmetry In Semi-Inclusive Electroproduction Of Hadron Pairs, M. J. Amaryan, M. Hattawy, S. E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Et Al., Clas Collaboration Jan 2021

Beam Spin Asymmetry In Semi-Inclusive Electroproduction Of Hadron Pairs, M. J. Amaryan, M. Hattawy, S. E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Et Al., Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

A first measurement of the longitudinal beam spin asymmetry ALU in the semi-inclusive electroproduction of pairs of charged pions is reported. ALU is a higher-twist observable and offers the cleanest access to the nucleon twist-3 parton distribution function e(x). Data have been collected in the Hall-B at Jefferson Lab by impinging a 5.498-GeV electron beam on a liquid-hydrogen target, and reconstructing the scattered electron and the pion pair with the CLAS detector. One-dimensional projections of the AsinLUϕR moments are extracted for the kinematic variables of interest in the valence quark region. The understanding ...


Energy-Dependent Π⁺Π⁺Π⁺ Scattering Amplitude From Qcd, Maxwell T. Hansen, Raúl A. Briceño, Robert G. Edwards, Christopher E. Thomas, David J. Wilson Jan 2021

Energy-Dependent Π⁺Π⁺Π⁺ Scattering Amplitude From Qcd, Maxwell T. Hansen, Raúl A. Briceño, Robert G. Edwards, Christopher E. Thomas, David J. Wilson

Physics Faculty Publications

Focusing on three-pion states with maximal isospin π⁺π⁺π⁺, we present the first nonperturbative determination of an energy-dependent three-hadron scattering amplitude from first-principles QCD. The calculation combines finite-volume three-hadron energies, extracted using numerical lattice QCD, with a relativistic finite-volume formalism, required to interpret the results. To fully implement the latter, we also solve integral equations that relate an intermediate three-body K matrix to the physical three-hadron scattering amplitude. The resulting amplitude shows rich analytic structure and a complicated dependence on the two-pion invariant masses, represented here via Dalitz-like plots of the scattering rate.


Neural-Network Analysis Of Parton Distribution Functions From Ioqffe-Time Pseudodistributions, Luigi Del Debbio, Tommaso Giani, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Savvas Zafeiropoulos Jan 2021

Neural-Network Analysis Of Parton Distribution Functions From Ioqffe-Time Pseudodistributions, Luigi Del Debbio, Tommaso Giani, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

We extract two nonsinglet nucleon Parton Distribution Functions from lattice QCD data for reduced Ioffe-time pseudodistributions. We perform such analysis within the NNPDF framework, considering data coming from different lattice ensembles and discussing in detail the treatment of the different source of systematics involved in the fit. We introduce a recipe for taking care of systematics and use it to perform our extraction of light-cone PDFs.


Parton Distribution Functions From Ioffe Time Pseudodistributions From Lattice Calculations: Approaching The Physical Point, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David G. Richards, Savvas Zafeiropoulos Dec 2020

Parton Distribution Functions From Ioffe Time Pseudodistributions From Lattice Calculations: Approaching The Physical Point, Bálint Joó, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly V. Radyushkin, David G. Richards, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

We present results for the unpolarized parton distribution function of the nucleon computed in lattice QCD at the physical pion mass. This is the first study of its kind employing the method of Ioffe time pseudodistributions. Beyond the reconstruction of the Bjorken-x dependence, we also extract the lowest moments of the distribution function using the small Ioffe time expansion of the Ioffe time pseudodistribution. We compare our findings with the pertinent phenomenological determinations.


Analogy Between Thermodynamic Phase Transitions And Creeping Flows In Rectangular Cavities, Miron Kaufman, Petru S. Fodor Nov 2020

Analogy Between Thermodynamic Phase Transitions And Creeping Flows In Rectangular Cavities, Miron Kaufman, Petru S. Fodor

Physics Faculty Publications

© 2020, MDPI AG. All rights reserved. An analogy is found between the streamline function corresponding to Stokes flows in rectangular cavities and the thermodynamics of phase transitions and critical points. In a rectangular cavity flow, with no-slip boundary conditions at the walls, the corners are fixed points. The corners defined by a stationary and a moving wall, are found to be analogous to a thermodynamic first-order transition point. In contrast, the corners defined by two stationary walls correspond to thermodynamic critical points. Here, flow structures, also known as Moffatt eddies, form and act as stagnation regions where mixing is impeded ...


Size Dependence In Chord Characteristics From Simulated And Observed Continental Shallow Cumulus, Philipp J. Griewank, Thijs Heus, Neil P. Lareau, Roel A. J. Neggers Sep 2020

Size Dependence In Chord Characteristics From Simulated And Observed Continental Shallow Cumulus, Philipp J. Griewank, Thijs Heus, Neil P. Lareau, Roel A. J. Neggers

Physics Faculty Publications

© 2020 American Institute of Physics Inc.. All rights reserved. In this study we compare long-Term Doppler and Raman lidar observations against a full month of large eddy simulations of continental shallow cumulus clouds. The goal is to evaluate if the simulations can reproduce the mean observed vertical velocity and moisture structure of cumulus clouds and their associated subcloud circulations, as well as to establish if these properties depend on the size of the cloud.We propose methods to compare continuous chords of cloud detected from Doppler and Raman lidars with equivalent chords derived from 1D and 3D model output. While ...


Multi-Metallic Conduction Cooled Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavity With High Thermal Stability, Gianluigi Ciovati, Gary Cheng, Uttar Pudasaini, Robert A. Rimmer Jul 2020

Multi-Metallic Conduction Cooled Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavity With High Thermal Stability, Gianluigi Ciovati, Gary Cheng, Uttar Pudasaini, Robert A. Rimmer

Physics Faculty Publications

Superconducting radio-frequency cavities are commonly used in modern particle accelerators for applied and fundamental research. Such cavities are typically made of high-purity, bulk Nb and with cooling by a liquid helium bath at a temperature of ∼2 K. The size, cost and complexity of operating a particle accelerator with a liquid helium refrigerator make the current cavity technology not favorable for use in industrial-type accelerators. We have developed a multi-metallic 1.495 GHz elliptical cavity conductively cooled by a cryocooler. The cavity has a ∼2 μm thick layer of Nb3Sn on the inner surface, exposed to the rf ...


Characterizing Plasma With Emission Tomography-Feasibility Study On Synthetic And Experimental Data, M. Nikolić, A. Samolov, A. Godunov, L. Vušković,, S. Popović May 2020

Characterizing Plasma With Emission Tomography-Feasibility Study On Synthetic And Experimental Data, M. Nikolić, A. Samolov, A. Godunov, L. Vušković,, S. Popović

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a feasibility study on different tomographic algorithms to overcome the issues of finite sets of projection data, limited viewing angles, and noisy data, which cause the tomographic reconstruction to be an ill-posed inversion problem. We investigated three approaches: single angle Abel inversion, two angle approach, and multiple angle 2D plasma tomography. These methods were tested on symmetric and asymmetric sample functions and on experimental results from a supersonic flowing argon microwave plasma sustained in a cylindrical quartz cavity. The analysis focused on the afterglow region of the microwave flow where a plasmoid-like formation was observed. We investigated the ...


Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura May 2020

Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura

Physics Faculty Publications

Using the general formalism presented in [Phys. Rev. D 94, 013008 (2016); Phys. Rev. D 100, 034511 (2019)], we study the finite-volume effects for the 2 þ J → 2 matrix element of an external current coupled to a two-particle state of identical scalars with perturbative interactions. Working in a finite cubic volume with periodicity L, we derive a 1=L expansion of the matrix element through O(1=L5) and find that it is governed by two universal current-dependent parameters, the scalar charge and the threshold two particle form factor. We confirm the result through a numerical study of ...


Star Formation In Low-Redshift Cluster Dwarf Galaxies, Cody M. Rude, Madina R. Sultanova, Gihan L. Ipita Kaduwa Gamage, Wayne A. Barkhouse, Sandanuwan P. Kalawila Vithanage Apr 2020

Star Formation In Low-Redshift Cluster Dwarf Galaxies, Cody M. Rude, Madina R. Sultanova, Gihan L. Ipita Kaduwa Gamage, Wayne A. Barkhouse, Sandanuwan P. Kalawila Vithanage

Physics Faculty Publications

Evolution of galaxies in dense environments can be affected by close encounters with neighbouring galaxies and interactions with the intracluster medium. Dwarf galaxies (dGs) are important as their low mass makes them more susceptible to these effects than giant systems. Combined luminosity functions (LFs) in the r and u band of 15 galaxy clusters were constructed using archival data from the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope. LFs were measured as a function of clustercentric radius from stacked cluster data. Marginal evidence was found for an increase in the faint-end slope of the u-band LF relative to the r-band with ...


Dynamics Of Subsiding Shells In Actively Growing Clouds With Vertical Updrafts, Vishnu Nair, Thijs Heus, Maarten Van Reeuwijk Apr 2020

Dynamics Of Subsiding Shells In Actively Growing Clouds With Vertical Updrafts, Vishnu Nair, Thijs Heus, Maarten Van Reeuwijk

Physics Faculty Publications

© 2020 American Meteorological Society. The dynamics of a subsiding shell at the edges of actively growing shallow cumulus clouds with updrafts is analyzed using direct numerical simulation. The actively growing clouds have a fixed in-cloud buoyancy and velocity. Turbulent mixing and evaporative cooling at the cloud edges generate a subsiding shell that grows with time. A self-similar regime is observed for first-and second-order moments when normalized with respective maximum values. Internal scales derived from integral properties of the flow problem are identified. A self-similarity analysis using these scales reveals that contrary to classical self-similar flows, the turbulent kinetic energy budget ...


Primary Cilia Have A Length-Dependent Persistence Length, Justin Flaherty, Zhe Feng, Zhangli Peng, Y. N. Young, Andrew Resnick Apr 2020

Primary Cilia Have A Length-Dependent Persistence Length, Justin Flaherty, Zhe Feng, Zhangli Peng, Y. N. Young, Andrew Resnick

Physics Faculty Publications

© 2019, The Author(s). The fluctuating position of an optically trapped cilium tip under untreated and Taxol-treated conditions was used to characterize mechanical properties of the cilium axoneme and its basal body by combining experimental, analytical,and computational tools. We provide, for the first time, evidence that the persistence length of a ciliary axoneme is length-dependent; longer cilia are stiffer than shorter cilia. We demonstrate that this apparent length dependence can be understood by a combination of modeling axonemal microtubules as anisotropic elastic shells and including actomyosin-driven stochastic basal body motion.Our results also demonstrate the possibility of using observable ...


The Clas12 Software Framework And Event Reconstruction, V. Ziegler, N. A. Baltzell, F. Bossù, D. S. Carman, P. Chatanon, M. Contalbrigo, J. Newton, M. Ungaro Apr 2020

The Clas12 Software Framework And Event Reconstruction, V. Ziegler, N. A. Baltzell, F. Bossù, D. S. Carman, P. Chatanon, M. Contalbrigo, J. Newton, M. Ungaro

Physics Faculty Publications

We describe offline event reconstruction for the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer at 12 GeV (CLAS12), including an overview of the offline reconstruction framework and software tools, a description of the algorithms developed for the individual detector subsystems, and the overall approach for charged and neutral particle identification. We also present the scheme for data processing and the code management procedures.


Heavy Quark Expansion For Heavy-Light Light-Cone Operators, Shuai Zhao Apr 2020

Heavy Quark Expansion For Heavy-Light Light-Cone Operators, Shuai Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

We generalize the celebrated heavy quark expansion to nonlocal QCD operators. By taking nonlocal heavy-light current on the light-cone as an example, we confirm that the collinear singularities are common between QCD operator and the corresponding operator in heavy quark effective theory (HQET), at the leading power of 1/M expansion. Based on a perturbative calculation in operator form at one-loop level, a factorization formula linking QCD and HQET operators is investigated and the matching coefficient is determined. The matching between QCD and HQET light-cone distribution amplitudes (LCDAs) as well as other momentum distributions of hadron can be derived as ...


Sociophysics Analysis Of Multi-Group Conflicts, Miron Kaufman, Hung T. Diep, Sanda Kaufman Feb 2020

Sociophysics Analysis Of Multi-Group Conflicts, Miron Kaufman, Hung T. Diep, Sanda Kaufman

Physics Faculty Publications

© 2020 by the authors. We present our research on the application of statistical physics techniques to multi-group social conflicts. We identify real conflict situations of which the characteristics correspond to the model. We offer realistic assumptions about conflict behaviors that get factored into model-generated scenarios. The scenarios can inform conflict research and strategies for conflict management. We discuss model applications to two-and three-group conflicts. We identify chaotic time evolution of mean attitudes and the occurrence of strange attractors. We examine the role that the range of interactions plays with respect to the occurrence of chaotic behavior.


Non-Tropical Cyclone Related Winter Heavy Rainfall Events Over The Philippines: Climatology And Mechanisms, Lyndon Mark Olaguera, Jun Matsumoto, Julie Mae Dado, Gemma T. Narisma Jan 2020

Non-Tropical Cyclone Related Winter Heavy Rainfall Events Over The Philippines: Climatology And Mechanisms, Lyndon Mark Olaguera, Jun Matsumoto, Julie Mae Dado, Gemma T. Narisma

Physics Faculty Publications

This study investigates non-tropical cyclone (TC) related boreal winter heavy rainfall events that lead to extensive flooding (HRF) over the Philippines through a case study and composite analysis. The HRF event examined occurred during January 16– 22, 2017 over Cagayan de Oro City (CDO) in Mindanao Island (122–127°E, 5–10°N). The accumulated rainfall over CDO reached by about 180 mm from 00 UTC January 16 to 00 UTC January 17, 2017, exceeding the climatological maximum daily rainfall in January over this area. The interaction of a westward propagating cyclonic circulation over Mindanao Island (MCC) and a shearline ...


An Annual Time Series Of Weekly Size-Resolved Aerosol Properties In The Megacity Of Metro Manila, Philippines, Connor Stahl, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Paola Angela Bañaga, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Mojtaba Azadi Aghdam, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Genevieve Rose Lorenzo, Alexander B. Macdonald, Preciosa Corazon Pabroa, John Robin Yee, James Bernard Simpas, Armin Sorooshian Jan 2020

An Annual Time Series Of Weekly Size-Resolved Aerosol Properties In The Megacity Of Metro Manila, Philippines, Connor Stahl, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Paola Angela Bañaga, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Mojtaba Azadi Aghdam, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Genevieve Rose Lorenzo, Alexander B. Macdonald, Preciosa Corazon Pabroa, John Robin Yee, James Bernard Simpas, Armin Sorooshian

Physics Faculty Publications

Size-resolved aerosol samples were collected in Metro Manila between July 2018 and October 2019. Two Micro-Orifice Uniform Deposit Impactors (MOUDI) were deployed at Manila Observatory in Quezon City, Metro Manila with samples collected on a weekly basis for water-soluble speciation and mass quantification. Additional sets were collected for gravimetric and black carbon analysis, including during special events such as holidays. The unique aspect of the presented data is a year-long record with weekly frequency of size-resolved aerosol composition in a highly populated megacity where there is a lack of measurements. The data are suitable for research to understand the sources ...


Investigating Size-Segregated Sources Of Elemental Composition Of Particulate Matter In The South China Sea During The 2011 Vasco Cruise, Miguel Ricardo Hilario, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Jeffrey S. Reid, Peng Xian, James B. Simpas, Nofel Lagrosas, Sherdon Niño Uy, Steve Cliff, Yongjing Zhao Jan 2020

Investigating Size-Segregated Sources Of Elemental Composition Of Particulate Matter In The South China Sea During The 2011 Vasco Cruise, Miguel Ricardo Hilario, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Jeffrey S. Reid, Peng Xian, James B. Simpas, Nofel Lagrosas, Sherdon Niño Uy, Steve Cliff, Yongjing Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

The South China Sea (SCS) is a receptor of numerous natural and anthropogenic aerosol species from throughout greater Asia. A combination of several developing countries, archipelagic and peninsular terrain, a strong Asian monsoon climate, and a host of multi-scale meteorological phenomena make the SCS one of the most complex aerosol–meteorological systems in the world. However, aside from the well-known biomass burning emissions from Indonesia and Borneo, the current understanding of aerosol sources is limited, especially in remote marine environments. In September 2011, a 2-week research cruise was conducted near Palawan, Philippines, to sample the remote SCS environment. Size-segregated aerosol ...


Novel Observation Of Isospin Structure Of Short-Range Correlations In Calcium Isotopes, D. Nguyen, Z. Ye, Lawrence Weinstein, X. Zheng, P. Zhu, R. Zielinski, Et Al., Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration Jan 2020

Novel Observation Of Isospin Structure Of Short-Range Correlations In Calcium Isotopes, D. Nguyen, Z. Ye, Lawrence Weinstein, X. Zheng, P. Zhu, R. Zielinski, Et Al., Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

Short-range correlations (SRCs) have been identified as being responsible for the high-momentum tail of the nucleon momentum distribution, n(k). Hard, short-range interactions of nucleon pairs generate the high-momentum tail and imprint a universal character on n(k) for all nuclei at large momentum. Triple coincidence experiments have shown a strong dominance of np pairs, but these measurements involve large final-state interactions. This paper presents the results from Jefferson Lab experiment E08014 which measured inclusive electron scattering cross section from Ca isotopes. By comparing the inclusive cross section from 48Ca to 40Ca in a kinematic region dominated by ...


Probing The Deuteron At Very Large Internal Momenta, C. Yero, D. Abrams, Z Ahmed, F. Hauenstein, S.A. Wood, J. Zhang, Et Al., Hall C. Collaboration Jan 2020

Probing The Deuteron At Very Large Internal Momenta, C. Yero, D. Abrams, Z Ahmed, F. Hauenstein, S.A. Wood, J. Zhang, Et Al., Hall C. Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We measure 2H(e,e′p)n cross sections at 4-momentum transfers of Q2 = 4.5 ± 0.5   (GeV/c)2 over a range of neutron recoil momenta pr, reaching up to ∼1.0  GeV/c. We obtain data at fixed neutron recoil angles θnq = 35°, 45°, and 75° with respect to the 3-momentum transfer q. The new data agree well with previous data, which reached pr ∼ 500  MeV/c. At θnq = 35° and 45°, final state interactions, meson exchange currents, and isobar currents are suppressed and the plane wave impulse approximation provides the dominant ...


Question 1: Car Flip; Question 2: A Mole Of People, Larry Weinstein Jan 2020

Question 1: Car Flip; Question 2: A Mole Of People, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

Consider mass, area, power, and food requirements. For more Fermi questions and answers, see Guesstimation 2.0: Solving Today's Problems on the Back of a Napkin, by Lawrence Weinstein (Princeton University Press, 2012). [Extracted from artcle]


Nonlinear Dynamics And Dissipation Of A Curvilinear Vortex Driven By A Strong Time-Dependent Meissner Current, W.P.M.R. Pathirana, A. Gurevich Jan 2020

Nonlinear Dynamics And Dissipation Of A Curvilinear Vortex Driven By A Strong Time-Dependent Meissner Current, W.P.M.R. Pathirana, A. Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

We report numerical simulations of large-amplitude oscillations of a trapped vortex line under a strong ac magnetic field H(t)=H sinωt parallel to the surface. The power dissipated by an oscillating vortex segment driven by the surface ac Meissner currents was calculated by taking into account the nonlinear vortex line tension, vortex mass, and a nonlinear Larkin-Ovchinnikov (LO) viscous drag coefficient η(v). We show that the LO decrease of η(v) with the vortex velocity v can radically change the field dependence of the surface resistance Ri(H) caused by trapped vortices. At low frequencies, Ri ...


Probing Few-Body Nuclear Dynamics Via ³H And ³He (E E'P) Pn Cross-Section Measurements, R. Cruz-Torres, F. Hauenstein, D. Bulumulla, C. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, M.N.H. Rashad, L.B. Weinstein, Et. Al., Jefferson Lab Hall A. Tritium Collaboration Jan 2020

Probing Few-Body Nuclear Dynamics Via ³H And ³He (E E'P) Pn Cross-Section Measurements, R. Cruz-Torres, F. Hauenstein, D. Bulumulla, C. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, M.N.H. Rashad, L.B. Weinstein, Et. Al., Jefferson Lab Hall A. Tritium Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the (e, e'p) three-body breakup reaction cross sections in helium-3 (3He) and tritium (3H) at large momentum transfer [< Q2> ≈ 1.9 (GeV/c)2] and xB> 1 kinematics, where the cross section should be sensitive to quasielastic (QE) scattering from single nucleons. The data cover missing momenta 40 ≤ pmiss ≤ 500 MeV/c that, in the QE limit with no rescattering, equals the initial momentum of the probed nucleon. The measured cross sections are compared with state-of-the-art ab initio calculations. Overall good agreement, within ± 20%, is observed between data and ...


Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K⁺Σ⁻ Photoproduction On The Neutron, N. Zachariou, K. P. Adhikari, M. Khachatryan, M. Mayer, Y. Prok, Et Al., Clas Collaboration Jan 2020

Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K⁺Σ⁻ Photoproduction On The Neutron, N. Zachariou, K. P. Adhikari, M. Khachatryan, M. Mayer, Y. Prok, Et Al., Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report a measurement of a beam-target double-polarisation observable (E) for the 𝛾n(p) → K+Σ-(p) reaction. The data were obtained impinging the circularly-polarised energy-tagged photon beam of Hall B at Jefferson Lab on a longitudinally-polarised frozen-spin hydrogen deuteride (HD) nuclear target. The E observable for an effective neutron target was determined for centre-of-mass energies 1.70 ≤ W ≤ 2.30 GeV, with reaction products detected over a wide angular acceptance by the CLAS spectrometer. These new double-polarisation data give unique constraints on the strange decays of excited neutron states. Inclusion of the new data within the Bonn-Gatchina theoretical ...


Measurement Of The Single-Spin Asymmetry A⁰ʸ In Quasi-Elastic ³He↑(E,E'N) Scattering At 0.4 < Q2 < 1.0 Gev/C2, E. Long, Y.W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, M. Canan, S. Golge, L. Zhu Jan 2020

Measurement Of The Single-Spin Asymmetry A⁰ʸ In Quasi-Elastic ³He↑(E,E'N) Scattering At 0.4 2 2, E. Long, Y.W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, M. Canan, S. Golge, L. Zhu

Physics Faculty Publications

Due to the lack of free neutron targets, studies of the structure of the neutron are typically made by scattering electrons from either ²H or ³He targets. In order to extract useful neutron information from a ³He target, one must understand how the neutron in a ³He system differs from a free neutron by taking into account nuclear effects such as final state interactions and meson exchange currents. The target single spin asymmetry A⁰ʸ is an ideal probe of such effects, as any deviation from zero indicates effects beyond plane wave impulse approximation. New measurements of the target single spin ...


Electron Tunneling And X-Ray Photoelectron Spectoscopy Studies Of The Superconductiong Properties Of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium Resonator Cavities, Eric M. Lechner, Basu Dev Oli, Junki Makita, Gianluigi Ciovati, Alex Gurevich, Maria Iavarone Jan 2020

Electron Tunneling And X-Ray Photoelectron Spectoscopy Studies Of The Superconductiong Properties Of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium Resonator Cavities, Eric M. Lechner, Basu Dev Oli, Junki Makita, Gianluigi Ciovati, Alex Gurevich, Maria Iavarone

Physics Faculty Publications

We use scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to investigate the effect of nitrogen doping on the surface electronic and chemical structures of cutouts from superconducting Nb radio-frequency cavities. The goal of this work is to get insights into the fundamental physics and materials mechanisms behind the striking decrease of the surface resistance with the radio-frequency magnetic field, which has been observed on N-doped Nb cavities. Our XPS measurements reveal significantly more oxidized Nb 3d states and a thinner metallic suboxide layer on the N-doped Nb surfaces, which is also confirmed by tunneling spectroscopy ...


Significance Of Gravitational Nonlinearities On The Dynamics Of Disk Galaxies, Alexandre Deur, Corey Sargent, Balša Terzić Jan 2020

Significance Of Gravitational Nonlinearities On The Dynamics Of Disk Galaxies, Alexandre Deur, Corey Sargent, Balša Terzić

Physics Faculty Publications

The discrepancy between the visible mass in galaxies or galaxy clusters and that inferred from their dynamics is well known. The prevailing solution to this problem is dark matter. Here we show that a different approach, one that conforms to both the current standard model of particle physics and general relativity (GR), explains the recently observed tight correlation between the galactic baryonic mass and the measured accelerations in the galaxy. Using direct calculations based on GR's Lagrangian and parameter-free galactic models, we show that the nonlinear effects of GR make baryonic matter alone sufficient to explain this observation. Our ...


Observation Of In-Plane Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Fese, Jong Mok Ok, Chang Il Kwon, Yoshimitsu Kohama, Jung Sang You, Sun Kyu Park, Ji-Hye Kim, Y.J. Jo, E.S. Choi, Koichi Kindo, Woun Kang, Ki-Seok Kim, E. G. Moon, Alex Gurevich, Jun Sung Kim Jan 2020

Observation Of In-Plane Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Fese, Jong Mok Ok, Chang Il Kwon, Yoshimitsu Kohama, Jung Sang You, Sun Kyu Park, Ji-Hye Kim, Y.J. Jo, E.S. Choi, Koichi Kindo, Woun Kang, Ki-Seok Kim, E. G. Moon, Alex Gurevich, Jun Sung Kim

Physics Faculty Publications

We investigate thermodynamic properties of FeSe under in-plane magnetic fields using torque magnetometry, specific heat, and magnetocaloric measurements. Below the upper critical field Hc2, we observed the field induced anomalies at H1 ∼ 15 T and H2 ∼ 22 T near H ∥ ab and below a characteristic temperature T* ∼ 2 K. The transition magnetic fields H1 and H2 exhibit negligible dependence on both temperature and field orientation. This contrasts to the strong temperature and angle dependence of Hc2, suggesting that these anomalies are attributed to the field induced phase transitions, originating from the inherent spin-density-wave instability ...