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Articles 1 - 30 of 1706

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Temporal Dynamics Of Lipid And Fatty Acid Characteristics Of Gulf Menhaden, Brevoortia Patronus In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Robert R. Leaf, Jesse Trushenski, Nancy Brown-Peterson, Michael J. Andres Nov 2018

Temporal Dynamics Of Lipid And Fatty Acid Characteristics Of Gulf Menhaden, Brevoortia Patronus In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Robert R. Leaf, Jesse Trushenski, Nancy Brown-Peterson, Michael J. Andres

Faculty Publications

Gulf Menhaden, Brevoortia patronus, in the northern Gulf of Mexico support a large commercial fishery and are thought to play an important trophic role in the coastal ecosystem. The temporal dynamics of both fatty acid and oil content have a direct impact on the value of Gulf Menhaden to predators and to the fishery. In this work, we describe how oil content of Gulf Menhaden varies with season, sex, age, condition, and tissue and investigate how fatty acid composition of mature (≥" role="presentation">

137.5 mm FL) female tissues varies with season, month, and tissue type. We found pronounced temporal ...


Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana Chies-Santos, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Adebusola Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes De Oliveira, Jean Brodie, Michael Merrifield Oct 2018

Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana Chies-Santos, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Adebusola Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes De Oliveira, Jean Brodie, Michael Merrifield

Faculty Publications

Recovering the origins of lenticular galaxies can shed light on the understanding of galaxy and compare them with the kinematics of planetary nebulae (PNe). The PNe and GC data come from the Planetary Nebulae Spectrograph and the SLUGGS Surveys. Through photometric spheroid-disc decomposition and PNe kinematics. we find the probability for a given GC to belong to either the spheroid or the disc of its host galaxy or be rejected from the model. We find that there is no correlation between the components that the GCs are likely to belong to and their colours. Particularly, for NGC 2768, we find ...


Malware Analysis On Android Using Supervised Machine Learning Techniques, Md Shohel Rana, Andrew H. Sung Oct 2018

Malware Analysis On Android Using Supervised Machine Learning Techniques, Md Shohel Rana, Andrew H. Sung

Faculty Publications

In recent years, a widespread research is conducted with the growth of malware resulted in the domain of malware analysis and detection in Android devices. Android, a mobile-based operating system currently having more than one billion active users with a high market impact that have inspired the expansion of malware by cyber criminals. Android implements a different architecture and security controls to solve the problems caused by malware, such as unique user ID (UID) for each application, system permissions, and its distribution platform Google Play. There are numerous ways to violate that fortification, and how the complexity of creating a ...


An Extension Of The Method Of Brackets: Part 1, Ivan Gonzalez, Karen T. Kohl, Lin Jiu, Victor H. Moll Sep 2018

An Extension Of The Method Of Brackets: Part 1, Ivan Gonzalez, Karen T. Kohl, Lin Jiu, Victor H. Moll

Faculty Publications

The method of brackets is an efficient method for the evaluation of a large class of definite integrals on the half-line. It is based on a small collection of rules, some of which are heuristic. The extension discussed here is based on the concepts of null and divergent series. These are formal representations of functions, whose coefficients an have meromorphic representations for n 2 C, but might vanish or blow up when n 2 N. These ideas are illustrated with the evaluation of a variety of entries from the classical table of integrals by Gradshteyn and Ryzhik.


Enhancement Of Triplet-Sensitized Upconversion In Rigid Polymers Via Singlet Exciton Sink Approach, Steponas Raišys, Saulius Juršėnas, Yoan C. Simon, Christoph Weder, Karolis Kazlauskas Sep 2018

Enhancement Of Triplet-Sensitized Upconversion In Rigid Polymers Via Singlet Exciton Sink Approach, Steponas Raišys, Saulius Juršėnas, Yoan C. Simon, Christoph Weder, Karolis Kazlauskas

Faculty Publications

To increase the practical usefulness of solid-state sensitized upconversion (UC) materials as components of solar energy harvesting systems, it is important to identify and suppress loss mechanisms, and increase the UC quantum yield (ΦUC). Here we focus on a benchmark UC system consisting of the emitter 9,10-diphenylanthracene (DPA) and the sensitizer platinum octaethylporphyrin (PtOEP) in a rigid poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) matrix, and show that one of the major losses originates from Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET) from DPA back to PtOEP. Even though DPA emission lies within the PtOEP transparency window, the quantitative assessment of singlet exciton ...


Little Lasting Impact Of The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum On Shallow Marine Molluscan Faunas, Linda Ivany, Carlie Pietsch, John Handley, Rowan Lockwood, Warren Allmon, Jocelyn Sessa Sep 2018

Little Lasting Impact Of The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum On Shallow Marine Molluscan Faunas, Linda Ivany, Carlie Pietsch, John Handley, Rowan Lockwood, Warren Allmon, Jocelyn Sessa

Faculty Publications

Global warming, acidification, and oxygen stress at the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) are associated with severe extinction in the deep sea and major biogeographic and ecologic changes in planktonic and terrestrial ecosystems, yet impacts on shallow marine macrofaunas are obscured by the incompleteness of shelf sections. We analyze mollusk assemblages bracketing (but not including) the PETM and find few notable lasting impacts on diversity, turnover, functional ecology, body size, or life history of important clades. Infaunal and chemosymbiotic taxa become more common, and body size and abundance drop in one clade, consistent with hypoxia-driven selection, but within-clade changes are not ...


Archean Phosphorus Liberation Induced By Iron Redox Geochemistry, Barry Herschy, Sae Jung Chang, Ruth Blake, Aivo Lepland, Heather Abbott-Lyon, Jacqueline Sampson, Zachary Atlas, Terence P. Kee, Matthew A. Pasek Sep 2018

Archean Phosphorus Liberation Induced By Iron Redox Geochemistry, Barry Herschy, Sae Jung Chang, Ruth Blake, Aivo Lepland, Heather Abbott-Lyon, Jacqueline Sampson, Zachary Atlas, Terence P. Kee, Matthew A. Pasek

Faculty Publications

The element phosphorus (P) is central to ecosystem growth and is proposed to be a limiting nutrient for life. The Archean ocean may have been strongly phosphorus-limited due to the selective binding of phosphate to iron oxyhydroxide. Here we report a new route to solubilizing phosphorus in the ancient oceans: reduction of phosphate to phosphite by iron(II) at low (<200 >°C) diagenetic temperatures. Reduction of phosphate to phosphite was likely widespread in the Archean, as the reaction occurs rapidly and is demonstrated from thermochemical modeling, experimental analogs, and detection of phosphite in early Archean rocks. We further demonstrate that the ...


Reliable Delay Based Algorithm To Boost Puf Security Against Modeling Attacks, Fathi Amsaad, Mohammaed Niamat, Amer Dawoud, Selcuk Kose Sep 2018

Reliable Delay Based Algorithm To Boost Puf Security Against Modeling Attacks, Fathi Amsaad, Mohammaed Niamat, Amer Dawoud, Selcuk Kose

Faculty Publications

Silicon Physical Unclonable Functions (sPUFs) are one of the security primitives and state-of-the-art topics in hardware-oriented security and trust research. This paper presents an efficient and dynamic ring oscillator PUFs (d-ROPUFs) technique to improve sPUFs security against modeling attacks. In addition to enhancing the Entropy of weak ROPUF design, experimental results show that the proposed d-ROPUF technique allows the generation of larger and updated challenge-response pairs (CRP space) compared with simple ROPUF. Additionally, an innovative hardware-oriented security algorithm, namely, the Optimal Time Delay Algorithm (OTDA), is proposed. It is demonstrated that the OTDA algorithm significantly improves PUF reliability under varying ...


Origins Of Ultradiffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster – I. Constraints From Velocity Phase Space, Adebusola Alabi, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Duncan Forbes, Asher Wasserman, Sabine Bellstedt, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, Viraj Pandya, Maria Stone, Nobuhiro Okabe Sep 2018

Origins Of Ultradiffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster – I. Constraints From Velocity Phase Space, Adebusola Alabi, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Duncan Forbes, Asher Wasserman, Sabine Bellstedt, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, Viraj Pandya, Maria Stone, Nobuhiro Okabe

Faculty Publications

We use Keck/DEIMOS spectroscopy to confirm the cluster membership of 16 ultradiffuse galaxies (UDGs) in the Coma cluster, bringing the total number of spectroscopically confirmed UDGs from the Yagi et al. (Y16) catalogue to 25. We also identify a new cluster background UDG, confirming that most (∼95 per cent) of the UDGs in the Y16 catalogue belong to the Coma cluster. In this pilot study of Coma UDGs in velocity phase space, we find evidence of a diverse origin for Coma cluster UDGs, similar to normal dwarf galaxies. Some UDGs in our sample are consistent with being late infalls ...


Rational Design Of Superhydrophilic/Superoleophobic Surfaces For Oil-Water Separation Via Thiol-Acrylate Photopolymerization, Li Xiong, Wei Guo, Benjamin M. Alameda, Reese Sloan, William D. Walker, Derek L. Patton Aug 2018

Rational Design Of Superhydrophilic/Superoleophobic Surfaces For Oil-Water Separation Via Thiol-Acrylate Photopolymerization, Li Xiong, Wei Guo, Benjamin M. Alameda, Reese Sloan, William D. Walker, Derek L. Patton

Faculty Publications

We report a simple, rapid, and scalable strategy to fabricate surfaces exhibiting in-air superoleophobic/superhydrophilic wetting via sequential spray deposition and photopolymerization of nanoparticle-laden thiol–acrylate resins comprising both hydrophilic and oleophobic chemical constituents. The combination of spray deposition with nanoparticles provides hierarchical surface morphologies with both micro- and nanoscale roughness. Mapping the wetting behavior as a function of resin composition using high- and low-surface-tension liquid probes enabled facile identification of coatings that exhibit a range of wetting behavior, including superhydrophilic/superoleophilic, superhydrophobic/superoleophobic, and in-air superhydrophilic/superoleophobic wetting. In-air superhydrophilic/superoleophobic wetting was realized by a dynamic rearrangement of ...


The Distance Of The Dark Matter Deficient Galaxy Ngc 1052–Df2, Pieter Van Dokkum, Shany Danieli, Yotam Cohen, Aaron Romanowsky, Charlie Conroy Aug 2018

The Distance Of The Dark Matter Deficient Galaxy Ngc 1052–Df2, Pieter Van Dokkum, Shany Danieli, Yotam Cohen, Aaron Romanowsky, Charlie Conroy

Faculty Publications

We recently inferred that the galaxy NGC 1052–DF2 has little or no dark matter and a rich system of unusual globular clusters. We assumed that the galaxy is a satellite of the luminous elliptical galaxy NGC 1052 at ≈20 Mpc, on the basis of its surface brightness fluctuations (SBFs) distance of 19.0 ± 1.7 Mpc, its radial velocity of ≈1800 km s−1, and its projected position. Here we analyze the color–magnitude diagram (CMD) of NGC 1052–DF2, following the suggestion by Trujillo et al. that the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) can be detected ...


The Sluggs Survey: The Inner Dark Matter Density Slope Of The Massive Elliptical Galaxy Ngc 1407, Asher Wasserman, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Pieter Van Dokkum, Charlie Conroy, Alexa Villaume, Duncan Forbes, Jay Strader, Adebusola Alabi, Sabine Bellstedt Aug 2018

The Sluggs Survey: The Inner Dark Matter Density Slope Of The Massive Elliptical Galaxy Ngc 1407, Asher Wasserman, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Pieter Van Dokkum, Charlie Conroy, Alexa Villaume, Duncan Forbes, Jay Strader, Adebusola Alabi, Sabine Bellstedt

Faculty Publications

We investigate the dark matter density profile of the massive elliptical galaxy, NGC 1407, by constructing spherically symmetric Jeans models of its field star and globular cluster systems. Two major challenges in such models are the degeneracy between the stellar mass and the dark matter halo profiles, and the degeneracy between the orbital anisotropy of the tracer population and the total mass causing the observed motions. We address the first issue by using new measurements of the mass-to-light ratio profile from stellar population constraints that include a radially varying initial mass function. To mitigate the mass–anisotropy degeneracy, we make ...


A Deficit Of Dark Matter From Jeans Modeling Of The Ultra-Diffuse Galaxy Ngc 1052-Df2, Asher Wasserman, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Pieter Van Dokkum, Charlie Conroy, Roberto Abraham, Yotam Cohen, Shany Danieli Aug 2018

A Deficit Of Dark Matter From Jeans Modeling Of The Ultra-Diffuse Galaxy Ngc 1052-Df2, Asher Wasserman, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Pieter Van Dokkum, Charlie Conroy, Roberto Abraham, Yotam Cohen, Shany Danieli

Faculty Publications

The discovery of the ultra-diffuse galaxy NGC 1052-DF2 and its peculiar population of star clusters has raised new questions about the connections between galaxies and dark matter (DM) halos at the extremes of galaxy formation. In light of debates over the measured velocity dispersion of its star clusters and the associated mass estimate, we constrain mass models of DF2 using its observed kinematics with a range of priors on the halo mass. Models in which the galaxy obeys a standard stellar-halo mass relation are in tension with the data and also require a large central density core. Better fits are ...


Erratum: The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya Aug 2018

Erratum: The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya

Faculty Publications

This is an erratum to the paper “The SLUGGS Survey: A comparison of total-mass profiles of early-type galaxies from observations and cosmological simulations, to ∼4 effective radii” that was published in 2018, MNRAS, 476, 4543, which we refer to as the original paper.


Lightweight Call-Graph Construction For Multilingual Software Analysis, Anne-Marie Bogar, Damian Lyons, David Baird Jul 2018

Lightweight Call-Graph Construction For Multilingual Software Analysis, Anne-Marie Bogar, Damian Lyons, David Baird

Faculty Publications

Analysis of multilingual codebases is a topic of increasing importance. In prior work, we have proposed the MLSA (MultiLingual Software Analysis) architecture, an approach to the lightweight analysis of multilingual codebases, and have shown how it can be used to address the challenge of constructing a single call graph from multilingual software with mutual calls. This paper addresses the challenge of constructing monolingual call graphs in a lightweight manner (consistent with the objective of MLSA) which nonetheless yields sufficient information for resolving language interoperability calls. A novel approach is proposed which leverages information from a ...


On The Strong Chromatic Index Of Sparse Graphs, Philip Deorsey, Jennifer Diemunsch, Michael Ferrara, Nathan Graber, Stephen Hartke, Sogol Jahanbekam, Bernard Lidicky, Luke Nelsen, Derrick Stolee, Eric Sullivan Jul 2018

On The Strong Chromatic Index Of Sparse Graphs, Philip Deorsey, Jennifer Diemunsch, Michael Ferrara, Nathan Graber, Stephen Hartke, Sogol Jahanbekam, Bernard Lidicky, Luke Nelsen, Derrick Stolee, Eric Sullivan

Faculty Publications

The strong chromatic index of a graph G, denoted χ′s(G), is the least number of colors needed to edge-color G so that edges at distance at most two receive distinct colors. The strong list chromatic index, denoted χ′s,ℓ(G), is the least integer k such that if arbitrary lists of size k are assigned to each edge then G can be edge-colored from those lists where edges at distance at most two receive distinct colors.We use the discharging method, the Combinatorial Nullstellensatz, and computation to show that if G is a subcubic planar graph with ...


Hiv-1 Integrase-Targeted Short Peptides Derived From A Viral Protein R Sequence, Xue Zhi Zhao, Mathieu Métifiot, Evgeny Kiselev, Jacques Kessl, Kasthuraiah Maddali, Christophe Marchand, Mamuka Kvaratskhelia, Yves Pommier, Terrence R. Burke Jr. Jul 2018

Hiv-1 Integrase-Targeted Short Peptides Derived From A Viral Protein R Sequence, Xue Zhi Zhao, Mathieu Métifiot, Evgeny Kiselev, Jacques Kessl, Kasthuraiah Maddali, Christophe Marchand, Mamuka Kvaratskhelia, Yves Pommier, Terrence R. Burke Jr.

Faculty Publications

HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors represent a new class of highly effective anti-AIDS therapeutics. Current FDA-approved IN strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) share a common mechanism of action that involves chelation of catalytic divalent metal ions. However, the emergence of IN mutants having reduced sensitivity to these inhibitors underlies efforts to derive agents that antagonize IN function by alternate mechanisms. Integrase along with the 96-residue multifunctional accessory protein, viral protein R (Vpr), are both components of the HIV-1 pre-integration complex (PIC). Coordinated interactions within the PIC are important for viral replication. Herein, we report a 7-mer peptide based on the shortened Vpr ...


Lightweight Multilingual Software Analysis, Damian Lyons, Anne Marie Bogar, David Baird Jul 2018

Lightweight Multilingual Software Analysis, Damian Lyons, Anne Marie Bogar, David Baird

Faculty Publications

Large software systems can often be multilingual – that is, software systems are written in more than one language. However, many popular software engineering tools are monolingual by nature. Nonetheless, companies are faced with the need to manage their large, multilingual codebases to address issues with security, efficiency, and quality metrics. This paper presents a novel lightweight approach to multilingual software analysis – MLSA. The approach is modular and focused on efficient static analysis computation for large codebases. One topic is addressed in detail – the generation of multilingual call graphs to identify language boundary problems in multilingual code. The algorithm for extracting ...


Unraveling Substituent Effects On The Glass Transition Temperatures Of Biorenewable Polyesters, Xiaopeng Yu, Junteng Jia, Shu Xu, Ka Un Lao, Maria J. Sanford, Ramesh K. Ramakrishnan, Sergei I. Nazarenko, Thomas R. Hoye, Geoffrey W. Coates, Robert A. Distasio Jr. Jul 2018

Unraveling Substituent Effects On The Glass Transition Temperatures Of Biorenewable Polyesters, Xiaopeng Yu, Junteng Jia, Shu Xu, Ka Un Lao, Maria J. Sanford, Ramesh K. Ramakrishnan, Sergei I. Nazarenko, Thomas R. Hoye, Geoffrey W. Coates, Robert A. Distasio Jr.

Faculty Publications

Converting biomass-based feedstocks into polymers not only reduces our reliance on fossil fuels, but also furnishes multiple opportunities to design biorenewable polymers with targeted properties and functionalities. Here we report a series of high glass transition temperature (Tg up to 184 °C) polyesters derived from sugar-based furan derivatives as well as a joint experimental and theoretical study of substituent effects on their thermal properties. Surprisingly, we find that polymers with moderate steric hindrance exhibit the highest Tg values. Through a detailed Ramachandran-type analysis of the rotational flexibility of the polymer backbone, we find that additional steric hindrance does ...


A 3.5 Million Solar Masses Black Hole In The Centre Of The Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxy Fornax Ucd3, Anton Afanasiev, Igor Chilingarian, Steffen Mieske, Karina Voggel, Arianna Picotti, Michael Hilker, Anil Seth, Nadine Neumayer, Matthias Frank, Aaron Romanowsky, George Hau, Holger Baumgardt, Christopher Ahn, Jay Strader, Mark Den Brok, Richard Mcdermid, Lee Spitler, Jean Brodie, Jonelle Walsh Jul 2018

A 3.5 Million Solar Masses Black Hole In The Centre Of The Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxy Fornax Ucd3, Anton Afanasiev, Igor Chilingarian, Steffen Mieske, Karina Voggel, Arianna Picotti, Michael Hilker, Anil Seth, Nadine Neumayer, Matthias Frank, Aaron Romanowsky, George Hau, Holger Baumgardt, Christopher Ahn, Jay Strader, Mark Den Brok, Richard Mcdermid, Lee Spitler, Jean Brodie, Jonelle Walsh

Faculty Publications

The origin of ultracompact dwarfs (UCDs), a class of compact stellar systems discovered two decades ago, still remains a matter of debate. Recent discoveries of central supermassive black holes in UCDs likely inherited from their massive progenitor galaxies provide support for the tidal stripping hypothesis. At the same time, on statistical grounds, some massive UCDs might be representatives of the high luminosity tail of the globular cluster luminosity function. Here we present a detection of a 3.3+1.4−1.2×106M⊙ black hole (1σ uncertainty) in the centre of the UCD3 galaxy in the Fornax cluster, which corresponds ...


Lightweight Multilingual Software Analysis, Damian Lyons, Anne Marie Bogar, David Baird Jul 2018

Lightweight Multilingual Software Analysis, Damian Lyons, Anne Marie Bogar, David Baird

Faculty Publications

Developer preferences, language capabilities and the persistence of older languages contribute to the trend that large software codebases are often multilingual – that is, written in more than one computer language. While developers can leverage monolingual software development tools to build software components, companies are faced with the problem of managing the resultant large, multilingual codebases to address issues with security, efficiency, and quality metrics. The key challenge is to address the opaque nature of the language interoperability interface: one language calling procedures in a second (which may call a third, or even back to the first), resulting in a potentially ...


The Impact Of The Deepwater Horizon Blowout On Historic Shipwreck-Associated Sediment Microbiomes In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Leila J. Hamdan, Jennifer Salerno, Allen H. Reed, Samantha B. Joye, Melanie Damour Jun 2018

The Impact Of The Deepwater Horizon Blowout On Historic Shipwreck-Associated Sediment Microbiomes In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Leila J. Hamdan, Jennifer Salerno, Allen H. Reed, Samantha B. Joye, Melanie Damour

Faculty Publications

More than 2,000 historic shipwrecks spanning 500 years of history, rest on the Gulf of Mexico seafloor. Shipwrecks serve as artificial reefs and hotspots of biodiversity by providing hard substrate, something rare in deep ocean regions. The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) spill discharged crude oil into the deep Gulf. Because of physical, biological, and chemical interactions, DWH oil was deposited on the seafloor, where historic shipwrecks are present. This study examined sediment microbiomes at seven historic shipwrecks. Steel-hulled, World War II-era shipwrecks and wooden-hulled, 19th century shipwrecks within and outside of the surface oiled area and subsurface plume were examined ...


Magnetic Reconnection And Blandford-Znajek Process Around Rotating Black Holes, David Garofalo, Chandra B. Singh, Elisabete M. De Gouveia Dal Pino Jun 2018

Magnetic Reconnection And Blandford-Znajek Process Around Rotating Black Holes, David Garofalo, Chandra B. Singh, Elisabete M. De Gouveia Dal Pino

Faculty Publications

We provide a semi-analytic comparison between the Blandford-Znajek (BZ) and the magnetic reconnection power for accreting black holes in the curved spacetime of a rotating black hole. Our main result is that for a realistic range of astrophysical pa- rameters, the reconnection power may compete with the BZ power. The field lines anchored close to or on the black hole usually evolve to open field lines in general rel- ativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations. The BZ power is dependent on the black hole spin while magnetic reconnection power is independent of it for the near force-free magnetic configuration with open field ...


Observation Of E +E − → Π +Π −Π 0Χb1,2(1p ) And Search For E +E √ − → Φχb1,2(1p ) At S =10.96—11.05 Gev, J. H. Yin Et Al., Ratnappuli L. Kulasiri Jun 2018

Observation Of E +E − → Π +Π −Π 0Χb1,2(1p ) And Search For E +E √ − → Φχb1,2(1p ) At S =10.96—11.05 Gev, J. H. Yin Et Al., Ratnappuli L. Kulasiri

Faculty Publications

We report searches for the processes e+e−→π+π−π0χbJ and e+e−→ϕχbJ (J=1,2) in the vicinity of the Υ(11020) resonance using energy scan data collected by the Belle experiment at the KEKB collider. We observe e+e−→π+π−π0χb1 and find evidence for e+e−→ωχb2 processes for data with center-of-mass energies from 10.96 to 11.05~GeV for the first time. The statistical significance for π+π−π0χb1 and ωχb2 are 6.1σ and 4.0σ, respectively. We investigate energy dependence of the e+e−→π+π−π0χbJ cross section and ...


Soft-Gluon Corrections In Top-Quark Production, Nikolaos Kidonakis Jun 2018

Soft-Gluon Corrections In Top-Quark Production, Nikolaos Kidonakis

Faculty Publications

I review calculations of soft-gluon corrections for top-quark production in hadron collisions. I describe theoretical formalisms for their resummation and for finite-order expansions. I show that soft-gluon corrections are dominant for a large number of top-quark processes. I discuss top-antitop pair production as well as single-top production, including total cross sections and differential distributions, and compare with data from the LHC and the Tevatron. I also discuss top-quark production in association with charged Higgs bosons, Z bosons, and other particles in models of new physics.


Identifying Prevalent Mathematical Pathways To Engineering In South Carolina, Eliza Gallagher, Christy Brown, D. Andrew Brown, Kristin Kelly Frady, Patrick Bass, Michael A. Matthews, Thomas T. Peters, Robert J. Rabb, Ikhalfani Solan, Ronald W. Welch, Anand K. Gramopadhye Jun 2018

Identifying Prevalent Mathematical Pathways To Engineering In South Carolina, Eliza Gallagher, Christy Brown, D. Andrew Brown, Kristin Kelly Frady, Patrick Bass, Michael A. Matthews, Thomas T. Peters, Robert J. Rabb, Ikhalfani Solan, Ronald W. Welch, Anand K. Gramopadhye

Faculty Publications

National data indicate that initial mathematics course placement in college is a strong predictor of persistence to degree in engineering, with students placed in calculus persisting at nearly twice the rate of those placed below calculus. Within the state of South Carolina, approximately 95% of engineering-intending students who initially place below calculus are from in-state. In order to make systemic change, we are first analyzing system-wide data to identify prevalent educational pathways within the state, and the mathematical milestones along those pathways taken by students in engineering and engineering-related fields. This paper reports preliminary analysis of that data to understand ...


Enabling Autonomous Navigation For Affordable Scooters, Kaikai Liu, Rajathswaroop Mulky Jun 2018

Enabling Autonomous Navigation For Affordable Scooters, Kaikai Liu, Rajathswaroop Mulky

Faculty Publications

Despite the technical success of existing assistive technologies, for example, electric wheelchairs and scooters, they are still far from effective enough in helping those in need navigate to their destinations in a hassle-free manner. In this paper, we propose to improve the safety and autonomy of navigation by designing a cutting-edge autonomous scooter, thus allowing people with mobility challenges to ambulate independently and safely in possibly unfamiliar surroundings. We focus on indoor navigation scenarios for the autonomous scooter where the current location, maps, and nearby obstacles are unknown. To achieve semi-LiDAR functionality, we leverage the gyros-based pose data to compensate ...


Contribution Of Hi-Bearing Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies To The Cosmic Number Density Of Galaxies, M. Jones, E. Papastergis, V. Pandya, L. Leisman, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Yung, R. Somerville, E. Adams Jun 2018

Contribution Of Hi-Bearing Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies To The Cosmic Number Density Of Galaxies, M. Jones, E. Papastergis, V. Pandya, L. Leisman, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Yung, R. Somerville, E. Adams

Faculty Publications

We estimate the cosmic number density of the recently identified class of HI-bearing ultra-diffuse sources (HUDs) based on the completeness limits of the ALFALFA survey. These objects have HI masses approximately in the range 8.5 < logMHI∕M⊙ < 9.5, average r-band surface brightnesses fainter than 24 mag arcsec−2, half-light radii greater than 1.5 kpc, and are separated from neighbours by at least 350 kpc. In this work we demonstrate that they contribute at most ~6% of the population of HI-bearing dwarfs detected by ALFALFA (with similar HI masses), have a total cosmic number density of (1.5 ± 0 ...


The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya Jun 2018

The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya

Faculty Publications

We apply the Jeans Anisotropic Multi-Gaussian Expansion dynamical modelling method to SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey data of early-type galaxies in the stellar mass range 1010 < M*/M⊙ < 1011.6 that cover a large radial range of 0.1–4.0 effective radii. We combine SLUGGS and ATLAS3D data sets to model the total-mass profiles of a sample of 21 fast-rotator galaxies, utilizing a hyperparameter method to combine the two independent data sets. The total-mass density profile slope values derived for these galaxies are consistent with those measured in the inner regions of galaxies by other studies. Furthermore, the total-mass density slopes (γtot) appear to be universal over this broad stellar mass range, with an average value of γtot =  −2.24 ±  0.05 , i.e. slightly steeper than isothermal. We compare our results to model galaxies from the Magneticum and EAGLE cosmological hydrodynamic simulations, in order to probe the mechanisms that are responsible for varying total-mass density profile slopes. The simulated-galaxy slopes are shallower than the observed values by ∼0.3–0.5, indicating that the physical processes shaping the mass distributions of galaxies in cosmological simulations are still incomplete. For galaxies with M* > 1010.7 M⊙ in the Magneticum simulations, we identify a significant anticorrelation between total-mass density profile slopes and the fraction of stellar mass formed ex situ (i.e. accreted), whereas this anticorrelation is weaker for lower stellar masses, implying that the measured total-mass density slopes for low-mass galaxies are less likely to be determined by merger activity.


Applied Computing For Behavioral And Social Sciences (Acbss) Minor, Farshid Marbouti, Valerie Carr, Belle Wei, Morris Jones, Amy Strage Jun 2018

Applied Computing For Behavioral And Social Sciences (Acbss) Minor, Farshid Marbouti, Valerie Carr, Belle Wei, Morris Jones, Amy Strage

Faculty Publications

The growing digital economy creates unprecedented demand for technical workers, especially those with both domain knowledge and technical skills. To meet this need, an ACBSS (Applied Computing for Behavioral and Social Sciences) minor degree has been developed by an interdisciplinary team of faculty at San José State University (SJSU). The minor degree comprises four courses: Python programming, algorithms and data structures, R programming, and culminating projects. The first ACBSS cohort started in Fall 2016 with 32 students, and the second cohort in Fall 2017 reached its capacity of 40 students, 62% of whom are female and 35% are underrepresented minority ...