Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Wright State University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 3286

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Creating Real-Time Dynamic Knowledge Graphs, Swati Padhee, Sarasi Lalithsena, Amit P. Sheth Jul 2018

Creating Real-Time Dynamic Knowledge Graphs, Swati Padhee, Sarasi Lalithsena, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


Augmented Personalized Health: Using Semantically Integrated Multimodal Data For Patient Empowered Health Management Strategies, Amit P. Sheth, Hong Y. Yip, Utkarshani Jaimini, Dipesh Kadariya, Vaikunth Sridharan, R. Venkataramanan, Tanvi Banerjee, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Maninder Kalra Jun 2018

Augmented Personalized Health: Using Semantically Integrated Multimodal Data For Patient Empowered Health Management Strategies, Amit P. Sheth, Hong Y. Yip, Utkarshani Jaimini, Dipesh Kadariya, Vaikunth Sridharan, R. Venkataramanan, Tanvi Banerjee, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Maninder Kalra

Kno.e.sis Publications

Healthcare as we know it is in the process of going through a massive change from:

1. Episodic to continuous

2. Disease-focused to wellness and quality of life focused

3. Clinic-centric to anywhere a patient is

4. Clinician controlled to patient empowered

5. Being driven by limited data to 360-degree, multimodal personal-public-population physical-cyber-social big data-driven URL: https://mhealth.md2k.org/2018-tech-showcase-home


Pharmaflights: Fragment Based Drug Discovery Based On Chalcones With A 3,4,5-Trimethoxy Substitution On Ring B., Cody Fourman Apr 2018

Pharmaflights: Fragment Based Drug Discovery Based On Chalcones With A 3,4,5-Trimethoxy Substitution On Ring B., Cody Fourman

The University Honors Program

The 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl motif is a common structural feature of a number of natural occurring antimitotic agents, especially those capable interacting with microtubules such as the cis-stilbene, combrestatin A-4. Chalcones possessing this pharmacophore have likewise been demonstrated to exhibit a diverse range of biological actions including anticancer, anti-invasive, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. As part of an experiential learning experience in academic drug discovery termed WSU PharmaFlights, so-called flights of 6-10 molecules based on a particular biologically relevant structural pattern on the privileged chalcone scaffold are to be designed, synthesized, and spectroscopically characterized as a starting point for lead-development with ...


Modeling And Visualization Of Uncertainty-Aware Geometries Using Multi-Variate Normal Distributions, Christina Gillman, Thomas Wischgoll, Bernd Hamann, James Ahrens Apr 2018

Modeling And Visualization Of Uncertainty-Aware Geometries Using Multi-Variate Normal Distributions, Christina Gillman, Thomas Wischgoll, Bernd Hamann, James Ahrens

Computer Science and Engineering Faculty Publications

Many applications are dealing with geometric data that are affected by uncertainty. It is important to analyze, visualize, and understand the properties of uncertain geometry. We present a methodology to model uncertain geometry based on multi-variate normal distributions. In addition, we propose a visualization technique to represent a hull for uncertain geometry capturing a user-defined percentage of the underlying uncertain geometry. To show the effectiveness of our approach, we have modeled and visualized uncertain datasets from different applications.


Wright State University's Symposium Of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities From Friday April 13, 2017, Wright State University Apr 2018

Wright State University's Symposium Of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities From Friday April 13, 2017, Wright State University

Browse All Celebration of Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

The student abstract booklet is a compilation of abstracts from students' oral and poster presentations at Wright State University's Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities on April 13, 2018.


Usability Assessment For Caregiver Behavior Analysis Using Gaming Technology, Alexandrea C. Oliver, Tanvi Banerjee, Jennifer Hughes, Noah L. Schroeder Mar 2018

Usability Assessment For Caregiver Behavior Analysis Using Gaming Technology, Alexandrea C. Oliver, Tanvi Banerjee, Jennifer Hughes, Noah L. Schroeder

Computer Science and Engineering Faculty Publications

The proposed research focuses on developing a mobile application for Android systems that will detect changes in behavior and activity patterns of those who are primary caregivers for dementia patients. This application will be used to detect fluctuation in the behavior and the task performance of the caregivers as a measure of caregiver stress. By detecting these changes in behavior, the goal is to analyze the effects of caregiving to evaluate caregiver burnout. A usability study was conducted for this application to find the optimal design factors and features that benefit the target user: the caregiver.

The purpose of this ...


Chlorination Of 3-Arylsydnones With Iodine Monochloride, Ben Owens Mar 2018

Chlorination Of 3-Arylsydnones With Iodine Monochloride, Ben Owens

The University Honors Program

An improved method for the chlorination at the 4-position of 3- arylsydnones 1 was developed, using iodine monochloride (ICl) dissolved in DCM. 1,3,4-Oxadiazol-2(3H)-ones 3 were then synthesized from the resultant 4-chloro-3-arylsydnones 2. The scope and limitations will be presented.


An Uncertainty-Aware Workflow For Keyhole Surgery Planning Using Hierarchical Image Semantics, Christina Gillmann, Robin G.C. Maack, Tobias Post, Thomas Wischgoll, Hans Hagen Feb 2018

An Uncertainty-Aware Workflow For Keyhole Surgery Planning Using Hierarchical Image Semantics, Christina Gillmann, Robin G.C. Maack, Tobias Post, Thomas Wischgoll, Hans Hagen

Computer Science and Engineering Faculty Publications

Keyhole surgeries become increasingly important in clinical daily routine as they help minimizing the damage of a patient's healthy tissue. The planning of keyhole surgeries is based on medical imaging and an important factor that influences the surgeries' success. Due to the image reconstruction process, medical image data contains uncertainty that exacerbates the planning of a keyhole surgery. In this paper we present a visual workfiow that helps clinicians to examine and compare different surgery paths as well as visualizing the patients' affected tissue. The analysis is based on the concept of hierarchical image semantics, that segment the underlying ...


Trust In Visualization (And What It Has To Do With Theory), Thomas Wischgoll Jan 2018

Trust In Visualization (And What It Has To Do With Theory), Thomas Wischgoll

Computer Science and Engineering Faculty Publications

There are different issues with trust involved when working with domain experts to visualize their data. There may be limitations with the data that require special precautions, such as sensitivity or security limitations. It may have taken a lot of effort to collect or create the data so that a certain level of trust is required for the domain expert to share the data. At the same time, the domain expert needs to be able to trust in the final visualization results. This presentation discusses these issues with trust and what requirements for a theoretical foundation this results in. Furthermore ...


Mosquito Hunter: An Intern's Perspective In A Public Health Department Mosquito Surveillance Program, Marisa Walterbusch Jan 2018

Mosquito Hunter: An Intern's Perspective In A Public Health Department Mosquito Surveillance Program, Marisa Walterbusch

The University Honors Program

As a Special Services Intern at Public Health - Dayton & Montgomery County (PHDMC), I gained first-hand experience as to the daily functioning of a Public Health Department and had the opportunity to work on a special project, the Mosquito Surveillance Program. PHDMC employs professionals in a variety of disciplines, all working towards the goal of protecting the health of the public. One way they accomplish this is through various inspections including restaurant, wellhead, and landfill. Another method to protect the public health is through the capture and testing of mosquitoes, with the goal of preventing the spread of mosquito-borne diseases like ...


Investigating Problems With Mathematical Proof Skills, Samantha Collier Jan 2018

Investigating Problems With Mathematical Proof Skills, Samantha Collier

The University Honors Program

This research paper is focused on identifying and exploring problems that high school students have with the mathematical proof process. The study described in this report was designed to answer the question, do students who tend to struggle with mathematical proofs also struggle with understanding what is known and unknown in a proof, making assumptions about figures, and understanding mathematical converses? To answer these questions, students at three Dayton area high schools completed tasks relating to proofs and converse statements as well as a questionnaire. Contrary to the initial hypothesis, students who were perceived to have greater proof abilities did ...


Iot-Enhanced Human Experience, Amit P. Sheth, Biplav Srivastava, Florian Michahelles Jan 2018

Iot-Enhanced Human Experience, Amit P. Sheth, Biplav Srivastava, Florian Michahelles

Kno.e.sis Publications

The two articles in this special section represent ongoing Internet of Things applications in the context of Europe trying to make solutions usable to people in daily times.


Implementation Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Reporting Plume Cloud Concentration Values In A 3d Simulation Environment, Emily Catherine Novak Jan 2018

Implementation Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Reporting Plume Cloud Concentration Values In A 3d Simulation Environment, Emily Catherine Novak

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs, have the potential to vastly improve plume cloud tracking at low cost. Plume clouds can be produced from blast mining, chemical warfare, unintended man-made disasters, and natural causes. This thesis provides implementation of the capability to simulate a 3D environment in which UAVs are individually controlled and each report a plume's concentration value at a specific location. It leverages existing industry standard technologies, including the PX4 autopilot system, the Gazebo simulation environment, the Robot Operating System (ROS), and QGroundControl. The provided system integrates the existing tools with a plume model plug-in that provides simulated ...


Use Of Adaptive Mobile Applications To Improve Mindfulness, Wiehan Boshoff Jan 2018

Use Of Adaptive Mobile Applications To Improve Mindfulness, Wiehan Boshoff

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Mindfulness is the state of retaining awareness of what is happening at the current point in time. It has been used in multiple forms to reduce stress, anxiety, and even depression. Promoting Mindfulness can be done in various ways, but current research shows a trend towards preferential usage of breathing exercises over other methods to reach a mindful state. Studies have showcased that breathing can be used as a tool to promote brain control, specifically in the auditory cortex region. Research pertaining to disorders such as Tinnitus, the phantom awareness of sound, could potentially benefit from using these brain control ...


Development Of An Ios App For Learning Intonation Of Wind Instruments, Swathi Pamidi Jan 2018

Development Of An Ios App For Learning Intonation Of Wind Instruments, Swathi Pamidi

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Learning music instrument is a challenging task for a beginner without constant guidance from an instructor. The primary objective of this thesis research is to design and develop an iOS mobile / iPad learning app that helps users to learn and practice intonation for a suite of wind instruments by themselves with comfort and ease through app-provided tuning and charting guidance and app-assisted self-assessment. Particularly, our successfully-implemented app provides the following features to enhance the user's learning experience: 1 ) Provides learners easy-to-access information for the fingering and tuning techniques of wind instruments by converting Dr. Shelley Jagow's book - "Tuning ...


Sensor Data Streams Correlation Platform For Asthma Management, Vaikunth Sridharan Jan 2018

Sensor Data Streams Correlation Platform For Asthma Management, Vaikunth Sridharan

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Asthma is a high-burden chronic inflammatory disease with prevalence in children with twice the rate compared to adults. It can be improved by continuously monitoring patients and their environment using the Internet of Things (IoT) based devices. These sensor data streams so obtained are essential to comprehend multiple factors triggering asthma symptoms. In order to support physicians in exploring causal associations and finding actionable insights, a visualization system with a scalable cloud infrastructure that can process multimodal sensor data and Patient Generated Health Data (PGHD) is necessary. In this thesis, we describe a cloud-based asthma management and visualization platform that ...


Building An Abstract-Syntax-Tree-Oriented Symbolic Execution Engine For Php Programs, Jin Huang Jan 2018

Building An Abstract-Syntax-Tree-Oriented Symbolic Execution Engine For Php Programs, Jin Huang

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents the design, implementation, and evaluation of an abstract-syntax-tree-oriented symbolic execution engine for the PHP programming language. As a symbolic execution engine, our system emulate the execution of a PHP program by assuming that all inputs are with symbolic rather than concrete values. While our system inherits the basic definition of symbolic execution, it fundamentally differs from existing symbolic execution implementations that mainly leverage intermediate representation (IRs) to operate. Specifically, our system directly takes the abstract syntax tree (AST) of a program as input and subsequently interprets this AST. Performing symbolic execution using AST offers unique advantages. First ...


Image Stitching And Matching Tool In The Automated Iterative Reverse Engineer (Aire) Integrated Circuit Analysis Suite, David C. Bowman Jan 2018

Image Stitching And Matching Tool In The Automated Iterative Reverse Engineer (Aire) Integrated Circuit Analysis Suite, David C. Bowman

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Due to current market forces, leading-edge semiconductor fabrication plants have moved outside of the US. While this is not a problem at first glance, when it comes to security-sensitive applications, over-production, device cloning, or design alteration becomes a possibility. Since these vulnerabilities exist during the fabrication phase, a Reverse Engineering (RE) step must be introduced to help ensure secure device operation. This thesis proposes several unique methods and a collection of tools to ensure trust assurance in integrated circuit design by detecting fabrication flaws and possible hardware Trojans using several image processing techniques; fused into a singular view of the ...


A Multi-Formal Languages Collaborative Scheme For Complex Human Activity Recognition And Behavioral Patterns Extraction, Anargyros Angeleas Jan 2018

A Multi-Formal Languages Collaborative Scheme For Complex Human Activity Recognition And Behavioral Patterns Extraction, Anargyros Angeleas

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Human Activity Recognition is an actively researched domain for the past few decades, and is one of the most eminent applications of today. It is already part of our life, but due to high level of uncertainty and challenges of human detection, we have only application specific solutions. Thus, the problem being very demanding and still remains unsolved. Within this PhD we delve into the problem, and approach it from a variety of viewpoints. At start, we present and evaluate different architectures and frameworks for activity recognition. Henceforward, the focal point of our attention is automatic human activity recognition. We ...


Determination Of Dose Effects When Including Attenuation Of The Treatment Table Into Treatment Planning Computer Modeling, Abdullah Alshamrany Jan 2018

Determination Of Dose Effects When Including Attenuation Of The Treatment Table Into Treatment Planning Computer Modeling, Abdullah Alshamrany

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

During radiation treatment, the patient commonly lies on a horizontal treatment table called a couch. The material used for the couch is chosen during the manufacturing process so as to minimize the effect of the couch on dose delivery, but it still has an effect. In addition to couch attenuation on the beam, the modern approach of using multiple beam angles for dose delivery makes treatment planning in the presence of the couch more challenging. However, the effect of the couch is not always considered when creating treatment plans, generally due to treatment planning software limitations. In this evaluation, the ...


Highly-Configurable Multi-Objective Optimization For Physical Parameter Extraction Using Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy, Andrew John Niklas Jan 2018

Highly-Configurable Multi-Objective Optimization For Physical Parameter Extraction Using Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy, Andrew John Niklas

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The use of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy provides one of the most versatile and promising techniques for the robust determination of optical parameters, which is needed to enable identification of materials for quality control, materials science advancement, tamper prevention, drug enforcement, and hidden explosives detection. Previously, the state-of-the-art relied on legacy error measures for minimization of simulation error and the standard practice was to use a single unique measurement for each unknown material in a sample. Successful optical parameter extraction for uniformly varying optical property materials is correlated with low variation in extracted optical properties. This work advances the state-of-the-art in ...


Electromagnetic Properties Of Fractal Antennas, Jordan Jeffrey Ewing Jan 2018

Electromagnetic Properties Of Fractal Antennas, Jordan Jeffrey Ewing

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Finite element method analysis is used to conduct electromagnetic simulations to characterize fractal antennas. This work considers wire (1D) antennas such as the triadic Koch curve, zig zag, and quadratic Koch curve of varying heights, iterations, and cross-sectional areas. Carpet (2D) antennas, including the Sierpinksi carpet, of varying heights, iterations, and deterministic and stochastic iterations are analyzed. The antenna shapes were generated in MATLAB and then modeled with finite element analysis using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The focus of this study is to determine what role various fractal patterns and iterations have on the S11 return loss and far field radiation patterns ...


Modeling Of Soil Formation On The Basis Of Chemical Weathering: Applications From Percolation Theory, Fang Yu Jan 2018

Modeling Of Soil Formation On The Basis Of Chemical Weathering: Applications From Percolation Theory, Fang Yu

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The concept of soil formation has been studied since the beginning of 19th century. However, until recently, there has been little concrete progress on developing an analytical result to relate soil depth or quality to measurable variables that represent the five soil-forming factors including time, parent material, topography, climate, and organisms. It has become increasingly clear that soil formation rates are closely related to chemical weathering rates. In this dissertation, we propose a theoretical approach to model soil formation process within the theoretical framework of percolation theory, which has been shown to successfully predict solute transport in heterogeneous media. From ...


Content-Based Clustering And Visualization Of Social Media Text Messages, Sydney A. Barnard Jan 2018

Content-Based Clustering And Visualization Of Social Media Text Messages, Sydney A. Barnard

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Although Twitter has been around for more than ten years, crisis management agencies and first response personnel are not able to fully use the information this type of data provides during a crisis or natural disaster. This thesis addresses clustering and visualizing social media data by textual similarity, rather than by only time and location, as a tool for first responders. This thesis presents a tool that automatically clusters geotagged text data based on their content and displays the clusters and their locations on the map. It allows at-a-glance information to be displayed throughout the evolution of a crisis. For ...


A Lc-Ms/Ms-Based Method For The Multiplex Detection Of 24 Fentanyl Analogs And Metabolites In Whole Blood At Sub Ng Ml-1 Concentrations, Kraig Edward Strayer Jan 2018

A Lc-Ms/Ms-Based Method For The Multiplex Detection Of 24 Fentanyl Analogs And Metabolites In Whole Blood At Sub Ng Ml-1 Concentrations, Kraig Edward Strayer

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The United States and numerous other countries worldwide are currently experiencing a public health crisis due to the abuse of illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) and its analogues. This manuscript describes the development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based method for the multiplex detection of N = 24 IMF analogues and metabolites in whole blood at concentrations as low as 0.1-0.5 ng mL-1. These available IMFs were fentanyl, norfentanyl, furanyl norfentanyl, remifentanil acid, butyryl norfentanyl, remifentanil, acetyl fentanyl, alfentanil, AH-7921, U-47700, acetyl fentanyl 4-methylphenethyl, acrylfentanyl, para-methoxyfentanyl, despropionyl fentanyl (4-ANPP), furanyl fentanyl, despropionyl para-fluorofentanyl, carfentanil, (±)-cis-3-methyl fentanyl, butyryl fentanyl, isobutyryl fentanyl ...


A Semantically Enhanced Approach To Identify Depression-Indicative Symptoms Using Twitter Data, Ankita Saxena Jan 2018

A Semantically Enhanced Approach To Identify Depression-Indicative Symptoms Using Twitter Data, Ankita Saxena

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

According to the World Health Organization, more than 300 million people suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) worldwide. PHQ-9 is used to screen and diagnose MDD clinically and identify its severity. With the unprecedented growth and enthusiastic acceptance of social media such as Twitter, a large number of people have come to share their feelings and emotions on it openly. Each tweet can indicate a user's opinion, thought or feeling. A tweet can also indicate multiple symptoms related to PHQ-9. Identifying PHQ-9 symptoms indicated by a tweet can provide crucial information about a user regarding his/her depression diagnosis ...


Verifying Data-Oriented Gadgets In Binary Programs To Build Data-Only Exploits, Zachary David Sisco Jan 2018

Verifying Data-Oriented Gadgets In Binary Programs To Build Data-Only Exploits, Zachary David Sisco

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Data-Oriented Programming (DOP) is a data-only code-reuse exploit technique that "stitches" together sequences of instructions to alter a program's data flow to cause harm. DOP attacks are difficult to mitigate because they respect the legitimate control flow of a program and by-pass memory protection schemes such as Address Space Layout Randomization, Data Execution Prevention, and Control Flow Integrity. Techniques that describe how to build DOP payloads rely on a program's source code. This research explores the feasibility of constructing DOP exploits without source code-that is, using only binary representations of programs. The lack of semantic and type information ...


Virtual Doctor: An Intelligent Human-Computer Dialogue System For Quick Response To People In Need, Stavros Mallios Jan 2018

Virtual Doctor: An Intelligent Human-Computer Dialogue System For Quick Response To People In Need, Stavros Mallios

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

One of the challenges of our society is the existence of chronic-related conditions and diseases among the elderly and people at risk. Apart from the welfare of people, a significant impact of this phenomenon is the accumulation of high financial costs for both individuals and health care systems. In order to address this issue and to reduce its effects, many efforts have been made towards preventing, identifying in early stages and, generally, managing chronic-related medical conditions and diseases. As a result, there has been a keen research and market interest in health monitoring devices during the past few decades. Nevertheless ...


Geophysical Exploration Of The Upper Crust Underlying North-Central Indiana: New Insight Into The Eastern Granite-Rhyolite Province, Michael Ray Green Jan 2018

Geophysical Exploration Of The Upper Crust Underlying North-Central Indiana: New Insight Into The Eastern Granite-Rhyolite Province, Michael Ray Green

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzes ten 2D seismic lines donated by CountryMark together with potential field data to examine the upper crustal structure near Wabash, Indiana. These seismic profiles reveal significant relief of the Precambrian Unconformity and prominent upper crustal reflections. The Precambrian Unconformity interpreted from the unmigrated stacked seismic sections is characterized by undulations and bowtie artifacts. Zero offset seismic models constructed using profiles of the exposed Precambrian Unconformity across the Eastern Granite-Rhyolite Province outcrops of the St. Francois Mountains feature the same seismic expression. The upper crust below the Precambrian Unconformity on the Countrymark seismic sections is also characterized by ...


Establishing A Quality Assurance Routine For Digital Imaging, Sulaiman Rana Al Jan 2018

Establishing A Quality Assurance Routine For Digital Imaging, Sulaiman Rana Al

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

In the clinical medical physics field, Quality Assurance (QA) is a fundamental topic to insure patient safety and effective treatment. In recent years, the imaging hardware for diagnostic x-rays has been shifting to fully digital detectors. However, the quality assurance tests for such detectors in the clinical setting is still under development. In the Medical Imaging Department of Kettering Hospital (Kettering, OH), the currently accepted method of performing QA on detectors is to use an extensive set of tests suggested by the manufacturer. This set of tests requires about 90 minutes, which is too long for daily use. The goal ...