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Articles 1 - 30 of 1729

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

A Proficient Two-Stage Stratified Randomized Response Strategy, Tanveer A. Tarray, Housila P. Singh Dec 2018

A Proficient Two-Stage Stratified Randomized Response Strategy, Tanveer A. Tarray, Housila P. Singh

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A stratified randomized response model based on R. Singh, Singh, Mangat, and Tracy (1995) improved two-stage randomized response strategy is proposed. It has an optimal allocation and large gain in precision. Conditions are obtained under which the proposed model is more efficient than R. Singh et al. (1995) and H. P. Singh and Tarray (2015) models. Numerical illustrations are also given in support of the present study.


Extended Method For Several Dichotomous Covariates To Estimate The Instantaneous Risk Function Of The Aalen Additive Model, Luciane Teixeira Passos Giarola, Mario Javier Ferrua Vivanco, Marcelo Angelo Cirillo, Fortunato Silva Menezes Dec 2018

Extended Method For Several Dichotomous Covariates To Estimate The Instantaneous Risk Function Of The Aalen Additive Model, Luciane Teixeira Passos Giarola, Mario Javier Ferrua Vivanco, Marcelo Angelo Cirillo, Fortunato Silva Menezes

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The instantaneous risk function of Aalen’s model is estimated considering dichotomous covariates, using parametric accumulated risk functions to smooth cumulative risk of Aalen by grouping the individuals into sets named parcels. This methodology can be used for data with dichotomous covariates.


Simple Unbalanced Ranked Set Sampling For Mean Estimation Of Response Variable Of Developmental Programs, Girish Chandra, Dinesh S. Bhoj, Rajiv Pandey Dec 2018

Simple Unbalanced Ranked Set Sampling For Mean Estimation Of Response Variable Of Developmental Programs, Girish Chandra, Dinesh S. Bhoj, Rajiv Pandey

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

An unbalanced ranked set sampling (RSS) procedure on the skewed survey variable is proposed to estimate the population mean of a response variable from the area of developmental programs which are generally implemented under different phases. It is based on the unbalanced RSS under linear impacts of the program and is compared with the estimators based on simple random sampling (SRS) and balanced RSS. It is shown that the relative precision of the proposed estimator is higher than those of the estimators based on SRS and balanced RSS for three chosen skewed distributions of survey variables.


The Impact Of Sample Size In Cross-Classified Multiple Membership Multilevel Models, Hyewon Chung, Jiseon Kim, Ryoungsun Park, Hyeonjeong Jean Nov 2018

The Impact Of Sample Size In Cross-Classified Multiple Membership Multilevel Models, Hyewon Chung, Jiseon Kim, Ryoungsun Park, Hyeonjeong Jean

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A simulation study was conducted to examine parameter recovery in a cross-classified multiple membership multilevel model. No substantial relative bias was identified for the fixed effect or level-one variance component estimates. However, the level-two cross-classification multiple membership factor variance components were substantially biased with relatively fewer groups.


Using Cyclical Components To Improve The Forecasts Of The Stock Market And Macroeconomic Variables, Kenneth R. Szulczyk, Shibley Sadique Oct 2018

Using Cyclical Components To Improve The Forecasts Of The Stock Market And Macroeconomic Variables, Kenneth R. Szulczyk, Shibley Sadique

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Economic variables such as stock market indices, interest rates, and national output measures contain cyclical components. Forecasting methods excluding these cyclical components yield inaccurate out-of-sample forecasts. Accordingly, a three-stage procedure is developed to estimate a vector autoregression (VAR) with cyclical components. A Monte Carlo simulation shows the procedure estimates the parameters accurately. Subsequently, a VAR with cyclical components improves the root-mean-square error of out-of-sample forecasts by 50% for a stock market model with macroeconomic variables.


Dealing With Sensitive Quantitative Variables: A Comparison Of Sampling Designs For The Procedure Of Gupta And Thornton, Carlos Narciso Bouza Herrera, Prayas Sharma Sep 2018

Dealing With Sensitive Quantitative Variables: A Comparison Of Sampling Designs For The Procedure Of Gupta And Thornton, Carlos Narciso Bouza Herrera, Prayas Sharma

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The use of randomized response procedures allows diminishing the number of non-responses and increasing the accuracy of the responses. A new sampling strategy is developed where the reports are scrambled using the procedure of Gupta and Thornton. The estimator of the mean as well as the errors are developed for the Rao-Hartley-Cochran and Ranked Sets Sampling designs. The proposals are compared with the original model based on the use of simple random sampling.


Comparison Of Multiple Imputation Methods For Categorical Survey Items With High Missing Rates: Application To The Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health And Eating (Flashe) Study, Benmei Liu, Erin Hennessy, April Oh, Laura A. Dwyer, Linda Nebeling Sep 2018

Comparison Of Multiple Imputation Methods For Categorical Survey Items With High Missing Rates: Application To The Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health And Eating (Flashe) Study, Benmei Liu, Erin Hennessy, April Oh, Laura A. Dwyer, Linda Nebeling

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Two multiple imputation methods, the Sequential Regression Multivariate Imputation Algorithm and the Cox-Lannacchione Weighted Sequential Hotdeck, were examined and compared to impute highly missing categorical variables from the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health and Eating (FLASHE) study. This paper describes the imputation approaches and results from the study.


Bayesian And Semi-Bayesian Estimation Of The Parameters Of Generalized Inverse Weibull Distribution, Kamaljit Kaur, Kalpana K. Mahajan, Sangeeta Arora Sep 2018

Bayesian And Semi-Bayesian Estimation Of The Parameters Of Generalized Inverse Weibull Distribution, Kamaljit Kaur, Kalpana K. Mahajan, Sangeeta Arora

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Bayesian and semi-Bayesian estimators of parameters of the generalized inverse Weibull distribution are obtained using Jeffreys’ prior and informative prior under specific assumptions of loss function. Using simulation, the relative efficiency of the proposed estimators is obtained under different set-ups. A real life example is also given.


Of Typicality And Predictive Distributions In Discriminant Function Analysis, Lyle W. Konigsberg, Susan R. Frankenberg Aug 2018

Of Typicality And Predictive Distributions In Discriminant Function Analysis, Lyle W. Konigsberg, Susan R. Frankenberg

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

While discriminant function analysis is an inherently Bayesian method, researchers attempting to estimate ancestry in human skeletal samples often follow discriminant function analysis with the calculation of frequentist-based typicalities for assigning group membership. Such an approach is problematic in that it fails to account for admixture and for variation in why individuals may be classified as outliers, or non-members of particular groups. This paper presents an argument and methodology for employing a fully Bayesian approach in discriminant function analysis applied to cases of ancestry estimation. The approach requires adding the calculation, or estimation, of predictive distributions as the final step ...


A Distance Based Method For Solving Multi-Objective Optimization Problems, Murshid Kamal, Syed Aqib Jalil, Syed Mohd Muneeb, Irfan Ali Jul 2018

A Distance Based Method For Solving Multi-Objective Optimization Problems, Murshid Kamal, Syed Aqib Jalil, Syed Mohd Muneeb, Irfan Ali

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A new model for the weighted method of goal programming is proposed based on minimizing the distances between ideal objectives to feasible objective space. It provides the best compromised solution for Multi Objective Linear Programming Problems (MOLPP). The proposed model tackles MOLPP by solving a series of single objective sub-problems, where the objectives are transformed into constraints. The compromise solution so obtained may be improved by defining priorities in terms of the weight. A criterion is also proposed for deciding the best compromise solution. Applications of the algorithm are discussed for transportation and assignment problems involving multiple and conflicting objectives ...


Estimation Of Finite Population Mean By Using Minimum And Maximum Values In Stratified Random Sampling, Umer Daraz, Javid Shabbir, Hina Khan Jul 2018

Estimation Of Finite Population Mean By Using Minimum And Maximum Values In Stratified Random Sampling, Umer Daraz, Javid Shabbir, Hina Khan

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

In this paper we have suggested an improved class of ratio type estimators in estimating the finite population mean when information on minimum and maximum values of the auxiliary variable is known. The properties of the suggested class of estimators in terms of bias and mean square error are obtained up to first order of approximation. Two data sets are used for efficiency comparisons.


On Some Ergodic Impulse Control Problems With Constraint, J. L. Menaldi, Maurice Robin Jul 2018

On Some Ergodic Impulse Control Problems With Constraint, J. L. Menaldi, Maurice Robin

Mathematics Faculty Research Publications

This paper studies the impulse control of a general Markov process under the average (or ergodic) cost when the impulse instants are restricted to be the arrival times of an exogenous process, and this restriction is referred to as a constraint. A detailed setting is described, a characterization of the optimal cost is obtained as a solution of an HJB equation, and an optimal impulse control is identified.


A Bayesian Beta-Mixture Model For Nonparametric Irt (Bbm-Irt), Ethan A. Arenson, George Karabatsos Jul 2018

A Bayesian Beta-Mixture Model For Nonparametric Irt (Bbm-Irt), Ethan A. Arenson, George Karabatsos

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Item response models typically assume that the item characteristic (step) curves follow a logistic or normal cumulative distribution function, which are strictly monotone functions of person test ability. Such assumptions can be overly-restrictive for real item response data. A simple and more flexible Bayesian nonparametric IRT model for dichotomous items is introduced, which constructs monotone item characteristic (step) curves by a finite mixture of beta distributions, which can support the entire space of monotone curves to any desired degree of accuracy. An adaptive random-walk Metropolis-Hastings algorithm is proposed to estimate the posterior distribution of the model parameters. The Bayesian IRT ...


Robust Estimation And Inference On Current Status Data With Applications To Phase Iv Cancer Trial, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Liang Zhu, Melissa M. Hudson, Jianmin Pan, Shesh N. Rai Jul 2018

Robust Estimation And Inference On Current Status Data With Applications To Phase Iv Cancer Trial, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Liang Zhu, Melissa M. Hudson, Jianmin Pan, Shesh N. Rai

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The use of piecewise exponential distributions was proposed by Rai et al. (2013) for analyzing cardiotoxicity data. Some parametric models are proposed, but the focus is on the Weibull distribution, which overcomes the limitation of piecewise exponential.


Robust Heteroscedasticity Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator Based On Robust Mahalanobis Distance And Diagnostic Robust Generalized Potential Weighting Methods In Linear Regression, M. Habshah, Muhammad Sani, Jayanthi Arasan Jun 2018

Robust Heteroscedasticity Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator Based On Robust Mahalanobis Distance And Diagnostic Robust Generalized Potential Weighting Methods In Linear Regression, M. Habshah, Muhammad Sani, Jayanthi Arasan

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The violation of the assumption of homoscedasticity and the presence of high leverage points (HLPs) are common in the use of regression models. The weighted least squares can provide the solution to heteroscedastic regression model if the heteroscedastic error structures are known. Based on Furno (1996), two robust weighting methods are proposed based on HLP detection measures (robust Mahalanobis distance based on minimum volume ellipsoid and diagnostic robust generalized potential based on index set equality (DRGP(ISE)) on robust heteroscedasticity consistent covariance matrix estimators. Results obtained from a simulation study and real data sets indicated the DRGP(ISE) method is ...


Fitting The Rasch Model Under The Logistic Regression Framework To Reduce Estimation Bias, Tianshu Pan Jun 2018

Fitting The Rasch Model Under The Logistic Regression Framework To Reduce Estimation Bias, Tianshu Pan

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

This article showed how and why the Rasch model can be fitted under the logistic regression framework. Then a penalized maximum likelihood (Firth 1993) for logistic regression models can also be used to reduce ML biases when fitting the Rasch model. These conclusions are supported by a simulation study.


Internal Consistency Reliability In Measurement: Aggregate And Multilevel Approaches, Georgios Sideridis, Abdullah Saddaawi, Khaleel Al-Harbi Jun 2018

Internal Consistency Reliability In Measurement: Aggregate And Multilevel Approaches, Georgios Sideridis, Abdullah Saddaawi, Khaleel Al-Harbi

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the internal consistency reliability of the General Teacher Test assuming clustered and non-clustered data using commercial software (Mplus). Participants were 2,000 testees who were selected using random sampling from a larger pool of examinees (more than 65k). The measure involved four factors, namely: (a) planning for learning, (b) promoting learning, (c) supporting learning, and (d) professional responsibilities and was hypothesized to comprise a unidimensional instrument assessing generalized skills and competencies. Intra-class correlation coefficients and variance ratio statistics suggested the need to incorporate a clustering variable (i.e., university) when evaluating ...


Regressions Regularized By Correlations, Stan Lipovetsky Jun 2018

Regressions Regularized By Correlations, Stan Lipovetsky

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The regularization of multiple regression by proportionality to correlations of predictors with dependent variable is applied to the least squares objective and normal equations to relax the exact equalities and to get a robust solution. This technique produces models not prone to multicollinearity and is very useful in practical applications.


Optimum Stratification In Bivariate Auxiliary Variables Under Neyman Allocation, Faizan Danish, S.E.H. Rizvi Jun 2018

Optimum Stratification In Bivariate Auxiliary Variables Under Neyman Allocation, Faizan Danish, S.E.H. Rizvi

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

In several situations complete data set of the study variable is unknown that becomes a stumbling block in various stratification techniques in order to obtain stratification points on two way stratification method. In this paper a technique has been proposed under Neyman allocation when the stratification is done oj the two auxiliary variable having one estimation variable under consideration. Due to complexities created by minimal equations approximate optimum strata boundaries has been obtained. Empirical study has been done to illustrate the proposed method when the auxiliary variables have standard Cauchy and power distributions.


An Explanatory Study On The Non-Parametric Multivariate T2 Control Chart, Abdolrasoul Mostajeran, Nasrolah Iranpanah, Rassoul Noorossana Jun 2018

An Explanatory Study On The Non-Parametric Multivariate T2 Control Chart, Abdolrasoul Mostajeran, Nasrolah Iranpanah, Rassoul Noorossana

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Most control charts require the assumption of normal distribution for observations. When distribution is not normal, one can use non-parametric control charts such as sign control chart. A deficiency of such control charts could be the loss of information due to replacing an observation with its sign or rank. Furthermore, because the chart statistics of T2 are correlated, the T2 chart is not a desire performance. Non-parametric bootstrap algorithm could help to calculate control chart parameters using the original observations while no assumption regarding the distribution is needed. In this paper, first, a bootstrap multivariate control chart is ...


Sample Size For Non-Inferiority Tests For One Proportion: A Simulation Study, Özlem Güllü, Mustafa Agah Tekindal Jun 2018

Sample Size For Non-Inferiority Tests For One Proportion: A Simulation Study, Özlem Güllü, Mustafa Agah Tekindal

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The objective of non-inferiority trials is to demonstrate the efficiency of a novel treatment whether it is acceptably less or more efficient than a control or active (existing) treatment. They are employed in situations where, when compared to the active treatment, the novel treatment is to be advantageous with higher rates of reliability, compatibility, cost-efficiency, etc. Odds ratio is the most significant measure used in investigating the size of efficiency of treatments relative to one another. The purpose of the study is to calculate and evaluate the sample size under different scenarios based on three different test statistics in non-inferiority ...


Handling Missing Data In Single-Case Studies, Chao-Ying Joanne Peng, Li-Ting Chen Jun 2018

Handling Missing Data In Single-Case Studies, Chao-Ying Joanne Peng, Li-Ting Chen

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Multiple imputation is illustrated for dealing with missing data in a published SCED study. Results were compared to those obtained from available data. Merits and issues of implementation are discussed. Recommendations are offered on primal/advanced readings, statistical software, and future research.


Estimation Of Zero-Inflated Population Mean: A Bootstrapping Approach, Khyam Paneru, R. Noah Padgett, Hanfeng Chen Jun 2018

Estimation Of Zero-Inflated Population Mean: A Bootstrapping Approach, Khyam Paneru, R. Noah Padgett, Hanfeng Chen

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A mixture model was adopted from the maximum pseudo-likelihood approach under complex sampling designs to estimate the mean of zero-inflated population. To overcome the complexity and assumptions of asymptotic distribution, the maximum pseudo-likelihood function was used, but a bootstrapping procedure was proposed as an alternative. Bootstrap confidence intervals consistently capture the true means of zero-inflated populations of the simulation studies.


Modeling Insurance Claims Using Flexible Skewed And Mixture Probability Distributions, Aaron J. Leinwander, Mohammad A. Aziz Jun 2018

Modeling Insurance Claims Using Flexible Skewed And Mixture Probability Distributions, Aaron J. Leinwander, Mohammad A. Aziz

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The normal distribution comes as a first choice when fitting real data, but it may not be suitable if the assumed distribution deviates from normality. Flexible skewed distributions are capable of including skewness and taking into account multimodality. They may be applied to find appropriate distributions for describing the claim amounts in insurance. The objective is to model insurance claims using a set of flexible skewed and mixture probability distributions, and to test how well they fit the claims. Results indicate the skew-t distribution and alpha-skew Laplace distribution are able to describe unimodal claims accurately, whereas scale mixture of ...


An Inferential Method For Determining Which Of Two Independent Variables Is Most Important When There Is Curvature, Rand Wilcox Jun 2018

An Inferential Method For Determining Which Of Two Independent Variables Is Most Important When There Is Curvature, Rand Wilcox

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Consider three random variables Y, X1 and X2, where the typical value of Y, given X1 and X2, is given by some unknown function m(X1, X2). A goal is to determine which of the two independent variables is most important when both variables are included in the model. Let τ1 denote the strength of the association associated with Y and X1, when X2 is included in the model, and let τ2 be defined in an analogous manner. If it is assumed that m(X1, X2) is given ...


Single Missing Data Imputation In Pls-Based Structural Equation Modeling, Ned Kock Jun 2018

Single Missing Data Imputation In Pls-Based Structural Equation Modeling, Ned Kock

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Missing data, a source of bias in structural equation modeling (SEM) employing the partial least squares method (PLS), are commonly handled with deletion methods such as listwise and pairwise deletion. Missing data imputation methods do not resort to deletion. Five single missing data imputation methods are considered employing the PLS Mode A algorithm of which two hierarchical methods are new. The results of a Monte Carlo experiment suggest that Multiple Regression Imputation yielded the least biased mean path coefficient estimates, followed by Arithmetic Mean Imputation. With respect to mean loading estimates, Arithmetic Mean Imputation yielded the least biased results, followed ...


A New Lifetime Distribution For Series System: Model, Properties And Application, Adil Rashid, Zahooor Ahmad, T R. Jan Jun 2018

A New Lifetime Distribution For Series System: Model, Properties And Application, Adil Rashid, Zahooor Ahmad, T R. Jan

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A new lifetime distribution for modeling system lifetime in series setting is proposed that embodies most of the compound lifetime distribution. The reliability analysis of parent and of sub-models has also been discussed. Various mathematical properties that include moment generating function, moments, and order statistics have been obtained. The newly-proposed distribution has a flexible density function; more importantly its hazard rate function can take up different shapes such as bathtub, upside down bathtub, increasing, and decreasing shapes. The unknown parameters of the proposed generalized family have been estimated through MLE technique. The strength and usefulness of the proposed family was ...


The Transmuted Exponentiated Additive Weibull Distribution: Properties And Applications, Zohdy M. Nofal, Ahmed Z. Afify, Haitham M. Yousof, Daniele Cristina Tita Granzotto, Francisco Louzada Jun 2018

The Transmuted Exponentiated Additive Weibull Distribution: Properties And Applications, Zohdy M. Nofal, Ahmed Z. Afify, Haitham M. Yousof, Daniele Cristina Tita Granzotto, Francisco Louzada

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A new generalization of the transmuted additive Weibull distribution is proposed by using the quadratic rank transmutation map, the so-called transmuted exponentiated additive Weibull distribution. It retains the characteristics of a good model. It is more flexible, being able to analyze more complex data; it includes twenty-seven sub-models as special cases and it is interpretable. Several mathematical properties of the new distribution as closed forms for ordinary and incomplete moments, quantiles, and moment generating function are presented, as well as the MLEs. The usefulness of the model is illustrated by using two real data sets.


Moment Generating Functions Of Complementary Exponential-Geometric Distribution Based On K-Th Lower Record Values, Devendra Kumar, Sanku Dey, Mansoor Rashid Malik, Fahad M. Al-Aboud Jun 2018

Moment Generating Functions Of Complementary Exponential-Geometric Distribution Based On K-Th Lower Record Values, Devendra Kumar, Sanku Dey, Mansoor Rashid Malik, Fahad M. Al-Aboud

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The complementary exponential-geometric (CEG) distribution is a useful model for analyzing lifetime data. For this distribution, some recurrence relations satisfied by marginal and joint moment generating functions of k-th lower record values were established. They enable the computation of the means, variances, and covariances of k-th lower record values for all sample sizes in a simple and efficient recursive manner. Means, variances, and covariances of lower record values were tabulated from samples of sizes up to 10 for various values of the parameters.


Optimal Model Selection For Truncated Data Among Non-Nested Competitive Models, Parisa Torkaman Jun 2018

Optimal Model Selection For Truncated Data Among Non-Nested Competitive Models, Parisa Torkaman

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Selecting a model for incomplete data is an important issue. Truncated data is an example of incomplete data, which sometimes occurs due to inherent limitations. The maximum likelihood estimator features and its asymptotic distribution are studied, and a test statistic among non-nested competitive model of incomplete data is presented, which can select an appropriate model close to the true model. This close-to-true model under the null hypothesis of the equivalency of two competitive models against alternative hypothesis is selected.