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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Logbert: Log Anomaly Detection Via Bert, Haixuan Guo Aug 2021

Logbert: Log Anomaly Detection Via Bert, Haixuan Guo

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

When systems break down, administrators usually check the produced logs to diagnose the failures. Nowadays, systems grow larger and more complicated. It is labor-intensive to manually detect abnormal behaviors in logs. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an automated anomaly detection on system logs. Automated anomaly detection not only identifies malicious patterns promptly but also requires no prior domain knowledge. Many existing log anomaly detection approaches apply natural language models such as Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) to log analysis since both are based on sequential data. The proposed model, LogBERT, a BERT-based neural network, can capture the contextual information in ...


Standard Non-Uniform Noise Dataset, Andres Imperial, John M. Edwards May 2021

Standard Non-Uniform Noise Dataset, Andres Imperial, John M. Edwards

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Fixed Pattern Noise Non-Uniformity Correction through K-Means Clustering

Fixed pattern noise removal from imagery by software correction is a practical approach compared to a physical hardware correction because it allows for correction post-capture of the imagery. Fixed pattern noise presents a unique challenge for de-noising techniques as the noise does not present itself where large number statistics are effective. Traditional noise removal techniques such as blurring or despeckling produce poor correction results because of a lack of noise identification. Other correction methods developed for fixed pattern noise can often present another problem of misidentification of noise. This problem can result ...


Deep Learning And Optimization In Visual Target Tracking, Mohammadreza Javanmardi May 2021

Deep Learning And Optimization In Visual Target Tracking, Mohammadreza Javanmardi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Visual tracking is the process of estimating states of a moving object in a dynamic frame sequence. It has been considered as one of the most paramount and challenging topics in computer vision. Although numerous tracking methods have been introduced, developing a robust algorithm that can handle different challenges still remains unsolved. In this dissertation, we introduce four different trackers and evaluate their performance in terms of tracking accuracy on challenging frame sequences. Each of these trackers aims to address the drawbacks of their peers. The first developed method is called a structured multi-task multi-view tracking (SMTMVT) method, which exploits ...


The Effects Of Materials And Profiles Of Gratings On Diffraction Spectra, Brock Halling May 2021

The Effects Of Materials And Profiles Of Gratings On Diffraction Spectra, Brock Halling

Physics Capstone Projects

Diffraction patterns can be made either by transmitting or reflecting light from a grating which is an array of parallel lines (rulings) with a fixed periodicity. Elementary optical treatment of diffraction gratings only describes diffraction angles as a function of periodicity of the grating. However, we have observed that the profile and materials of the grating do affect the diffraction pattern. In this study, I investigated the correlation between the grating profiles obtained by scanning electron microscopy and the materials of the grating (polymer and silicon dioxide) and the spectra as a function of the diffraction angle. An optical spectrometer ...


Comparisons Of Mesospheric Temperatures Between 70 And 110 Km: Usu Lidar, Nasa's Timed Satellite, And The Msis2 Empirical Model, David M. Collins May 2021

Comparisons Of Mesospheric Temperatures Between 70 And 110 Km: Usu Lidar, Nasa's Timed Satellite, And The Msis2 Empirical Model, David M. Collins

Physics Capstone Projects

Earth’s atmosphere can be characterized by its temperature structure, dividing the atmosphere into natural discrete regions. The mesosphere (50 to ~100 km) has been the least studied. Rayleigh-scatter lidars (RSL) and rockets can obtain local, high-resolution measurements above one spot, while satellites looking almost horizontally obtain global measurements. These two methods of measuring atmospheric conditions are compared using the USU RSL and the SABER instrument on NASA’s TIMED satellite. These measurements were graphed to show four sets of temperatures from several sources in the atmospheric region 70 km to 110 km above USU. The results show similar temperatures ...


Spatial And Temporal Patterns Of River Incision And Terrace Deposition In Response To Climate And Tectonics In Southern Taiwan, Dominique M. Shore May 2021

Spatial And Temporal Patterns Of River Incision And Terrace Deposition In Response To Climate And Tectonics In Southern Taiwan, Dominique M. Shore

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Geologists often look at the Earth’s surface to understand the underlying processes that cause mountain formation. As tectonic forces drive uplift of Earth’s surface, processes of erosion transport sediment to lower elevations. Climate can play a large role in landscape formation as well as increased precipitation, accelerating rates of erosion. Rivers leave markers of landscape evolution through terrace landforms, former river floodplains that are left behind when rivers incise into a valley. To better understand landscape response to uplift, this research investigated the initial linkages between uplift, hillslope erosion (mass wasting) and river incision. At some point, it ...


Developing Advanced Electrodes And Electrolytes For Energy Storage Beyond Li Ion Batteries, Kevin V. Nielson May 2021

Developing Advanced Electrodes And Electrolytes For Energy Storage Beyond Li Ion Batteries, Kevin V. Nielson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Electric vehicles, smart phones, and portable computers are all powered by lithium-ion batteries. This is because Li-ion batteries can store more energy in less space than other battery technologies. Also, they are rechargeable and last for a long time. The most recent 2019 Nobel prize in chemistry was awarded to John Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”. Through their work, they have made possible cars that do not burn fossil fuels and phones that are wireless and portable. Not only can Li-ion power your phone, it is an incredibly efficient way to store ...


Studies Of Classical Analysis After Whittaker And Watson, Ting-Yao Lee May 2021

Studies Of Classical Analysis After Whittaker And Watson, Ting-Yao Lee

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this thesis is to solve problems from the first four chapters of the book, titled A Course of Modern Analysis: An Introduction to the General Theory of Infinite Processes and of Analytic Functions with an Account of the Principal Transcendental Functions by E.T. Whittaker and G.N. Watson. The titles of the first four chapters are “Complex Numbers,” “The Theory of Convergence,” “Continuous Functions and Uniform Convergence,” and “The Theory of Riemann Integration,” respectively. This book is a classic mathematical analysis textbook that contains some challenging end-of-chapter exercises and some details within each chapter are often ...


An In-Depth Look At Learning Computer Language Syntax In A High-Repetition Practice Environment, Stephanie Gonzales May 2021

An In-Depth Look At Learning Computer Language Syntax In A High-Repetition Practice Environment, Stephanie Gonzales

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Students in an introductory computer science course generally have difficulty producing code that follows the arrangement rules known as syntax. Phanon was created to help students practice writing correct code that follows the rules of syntax. Previous research suggests this tool has helped students improve their exam scores and strengthen effectiveness in the course. A study was conducted to observe students while they complete the syntax exercises to find meaningful patterns in the steps the students take to complete an exercise.

Evidence to support high intrinsic load was found throughout the study, which is a measure of difficulty learning a ...


Power Of Near-Peers: Conceptualizing And Testing A Near-Peer Mentoring Model In Raising Youths' Self-Efficacy In Computer Programming, Chongning Sun May 2021

Power Of Near-Peers: Conceptualizing And Testing A Near-Peer Mentoring Model In Raising Youths' Self-Efficacy In Computer Programming, Chongning Sun

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Self-efficacy is seen as a barrier for youth, females in particular, to enter computer science (CS). In this study, I presented a near-peer mentoring model that focused on changing the mentee’s self-efficacy in CS. The present study had three objectives: (a) to design a near-peer mentoring model (i.e., a conceptual model) around the sources of information that influence self-efficacy, (b) to develop a mentor training model based on the conceptual model, and (c) to test the effectiveness of the training model in increasing mentees’ self-efficacy in the context of a summer App programming camp. The present study adopted ...


Data-Driven Recommendation Of Academic Options Based On Personality Traits, Aashish Ghimire May 2021

Data-Driven Recommendation Of Academic Options Based On Personality Traits, Aashish Ghimire

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The choice of academic major and, subsequently, an academic institution has a massive effect on a person’s career. It not only determines their career path but their earning potential, professional happiness, etc. [1] About 40% of people who are admitted to a college do not graduate within six years. Yet, very limited resources are available for students to help make those decisions, and each guidance counselor is responsible for roughly 400 to 900 students across the United States. A tool to help these decisions would benefit students, parents, and guidance counselors.

Various research studies have shown that personality traits ...


The Effect Of High Elevation Weather Stations On The Usda's Pasture, Rangeland, And Forage Insurance Program, Wyatt Matthew Feuz May 2021

The Effect Of High Elevation Weather Stations On The Usda's Pasture, Rangeland, And Forage Insurance Program, Wyatt Matthew Feuz

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper examines the effect of high elevation weather stations on the rainfall index used by the Pasture, Rangeland, and Forage insurance program. Weather station data for the state of Utah is used to identify high elevation weather stations and their location. Utilizing the corresponding rainfall index data, the effect of the high elevation weather stations is determined. This paper finds when high elevation weather stations begin reporting there is a jump up of 19.01–27.88 percentage points on average in the rainfall index for the corresponding grid locations. This indicates the rainfall index may not accurately represent ...


Developing Electron Beam Lithography At Nanoscale Device Laboratory, Din Pašić May 2021

Developing Electron Beam Lithography At Nanoscale Device Laboratory, Din Pašić

Physics Capstone Projects

At the Nanoscale Device Laboratory, we can routinely create patterns with a minimum linewidth of 800 nm using photolithography. However, to create photonic devices, the pattern size must be smaller than the wavelength of visible light (400 to 800 nm). Dedicated electron beam writers can achieve a sub-10 nm linewidth, but this system is beyond our reach. In this project, we plan to use a Nanometer Pattern Generation System connected to a Quanta 650 scanning electron microscope to perform e-beam lithography. After setting up a computer to run the NPGS system, and establishing communications with the SEM, we experimented with ...


Fundamental Aspects Of Black Holes, Jacob Fisher Ciafre May 2021

Fundamental Aspects Of Black Holes, Jacob Fisher Ciafre

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The literature study here seeks to present the foundations of black hole physics in General Relativity. The report includes a discussion of the Kerr black hole metric, black hole entropy, particle creation, the laws of black hole mechanics, and a bilinear mass formula for the Kerr-Newman black hole solution.


Retail Trading And Stock Volatility: The Case Of Robinhood, Cooper Jones May 2021

Retail Trading And Stock Volatility: The Case Of Robinhood, Cooper Jones

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

We examine the relation between Robinhood usership and stock market volatility. We show that daily fluctuations in Robinhood usership, which is used to proxy retail trading, significantly influence various measures of volatility. These results might suggest that Robinhood users contribute to noise trading as they are generally individuals trading on name recognition, media coverage, popularity, and familiarity of products, rather than on fundamental values. In our empirical approach, we find that the percentage increase in Robinhood usership Granger causes increases in daily stock volatility.


Taphonomy Of Late Jurassic (Tithonian) Morrison Formation Apatosaurus Sp. Vertebrae Found Associated With Teeth From Allosaurus Sp. And Ceratosaurus Sp., And Body Size Extrapolation From The Associated Theropod Teeth., Greg C. Agyan May 2021

Taphonomy Of Late Jurassic (Tithonian) Morrison Formation Apatosaurus Sp. Vertebrae Found Associated With Teeth From Allosaurus Sp. And Ceratosaurus Sp., And Body Size Extrapolation From The Associated Theropod Teeth., Greg C. Agyan

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

An Apatosaurus sp. locality from Dinosaur National Monument designated DNM-15 was excavated in 1985, and associated with two Allosaurus teeth and one Ceratosaurus tooth that were near one of the caudal vertebrae. The Ceratosaurus tooth was buried between an overlying rib and that same caudal vertebra. The caudal vertebrae of the DNM-15 Apatosaurus were intact and articulated, but the anterior skeleton was mostly absent, with a row of articulated sacral vertebrae in close association with a femur. Two other Allosaurus teeth were reported near the preserved ilium of the Apatosaurus, but they could not be located in the collections.

Field ...


Achieving Hate Speech Detection In A Low Resource Setting, Peiyu Li May 2021

Achieving Hate Speech Detection In A Low Resource Setting, Peiyu Li

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Online social networks provide people with convenient platforms to communicate and share life moments. However, because of the anonymous property of these social media platforms, the cases of online hate speeches are increasing. Hate speech is defined by the Cambridge Dictionary as “public speech that expresses hate or encourages violence towards a person or group based on something such as race, religion, sex, or sexual orientation”. Online hate speech has caused serious negative effects to legitimate users, including mental or emotional stress, reputational damage, and fear for one’s safety. To protect legitimate online users, automatically hate speech detection techniques ...


Renewable Energy Conversion: Organic Redox Flow Batteries And Electrocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction, Camden R. Debruler May 2021

Renewable Energy Conversion: Organic Redox Flow Batteries And Electrocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction, Camden R. Debruler

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Steadily increasing global energy demands have pushed the industry to investigate renewable energy sources like solar and wind to help alleviate the strain on fossil fuel based non-renewable energy sources while also reducing carbon emissions. However, the energy producing power of these renewable technologies is limited by factors such as weather and the day-night cycle. Additional energy storage technologies are needed which are capable of storing excess energy during periods of high productivity, and delivering it when production rates fluctuate.

Batteries represent one possible energy storage device to meet this need. Specifically, redox flow batteries (RFBs) offer advantages in terms ...


The Biggest Snowball Fight In Earth History: Stratigraphy, Facies Analysis, And Geochronology Of The Pocatello Formation, Matthew W. Ellison May 2021

The Biggest Snowball Fight In Earth History: Stratigraphy, Facies Analysis, And Geochronology Of The Pocatello Formation, Matthew W. Ellison

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Snowball Earth Hypothesis details a time in Earth’s history (the Cryogenian period) where the entire planet was encapsulated by kilometer thick ice sheets for two, multi-million-year glaciations. The first, known as the Sturtian, lasted from 717 – 660 million years ago while the second, known as the Marinoan, lasted form approximately 650 – 635 million years ago. Snowball Earth was caused by a few processes that sort of built upon each other: Rodinia began splitting apart ~740 million years ago which allowed for increased rates of silicate weathering. High rates of silicate weathering resulted in CO2 drawdown which in ...


Regionalized Models With Spatially Continuous Predictions At The Borders, Jadon S. Wagstaff May 2021

Regionalized Models With Spatially Continuous Predictions At The Borders, Jadon S. Wagstaff

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Creating maps of continuous variables involves estimating values between measurement locations scattered throughout a geographic region. These maps often leverage observed similarities between geographically close measurements, but may also make predictions using other geographic information such as elevation. The relationship between the available geographic information and the variable of interest can vary with location, especially when mapping large areas like a continent. A simple way to account for the changing relationship is to divide the space into different sub-regions and model the relationship at each region. The naive implementation of this approach has the side effect of making sudden changes ...


Remote Ocean Forcing On Interannual-To-Decadal Climate Variability Through Inter-Basin Interactions, Zachary F. Johnson May 2021

Remote Ocean Forcing On Interannual-To-Decadal Climate Variability Through Inter-Basin Interactions, Zachary F. Johnson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the connection between ocean basins through the atmosphere by employing observational data analyses and a climate modeling approach. Sea surface temperature changes in the tropical Pacific, known as the El Niño Southern Oscillation, can influence worldwide weather and sea surface temperatures in other ocean basins. For instance, tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures can impact the Atlantic and Indian Oceans through airflow changes along the equator. However, Atlantic and Indian Ocean sea surface temperature changes can also influence the tropical Pacific through similar processes. Therefore, it is challenging to identify the mechanisms of these remote connections between ocean ...


Improving Skills In Computer Methods: Introductory Toolkit To Python For Undergraduate Physics Majors, Erin O'Donnell, Melissa Rasmussen Apr 2021

Improving Skills In Computer Methods: Introductory Toolkit To Python For Undergraduate Physics Majors, Erin O'Donnell, Melissa Rasmussen

Physics Capstone Projects

The computer-based curriculum for undergraduate physics students before 2019 struggled to stay current and applicable. When the course was created in the early 2000s, MathCad was used daily by many physicists. As computer’s and their computational abilities have grown exponentially, so have programming languages and applications. Now in the late 2010s/early 2020s, Excel, Python, and Mathematica are some of the most common computer appliques. To address this, we created toolkits to give undergraduate physicists the experience for future classes, careers, and graduate school. This paper focuses on the process for creating the Python toolkit and overall class setup ...


Data On The Effects Of Persuasive Message Content On Retweet Counts During Natural Hazard Events, Yajie Li, Amanda L. Hughes, Peter D. Howe Apr 2021

Data On The Effects Of Persuasive Message Content On Retweet Counts During Natural Hazard Events, Yajie Li, Amanda L. Hughes, Peter D. Howe

Browse all Datasets

This dataset contains Twitter messages about heat hazards posted by U.S. National Weather Service accounts in 2016. The dataset also contains the retweet counts of the heat-related tweets and whether several types of persuasive message content were included in each tweet. The population and temperature for the forecast area of each sending National Weather Service account are also included.


Collaborative Research: Identifying Shallow Slow Slip Using Hematite Tectures And (U-Th)/He Thermochonometry Of Exhumed And Experimental Faults, Alexis Ault Mar 2021

Collaborative Research: Identifying Shallow Slow Slip Using Hematite Tectures And (U-Th)/He Thermochonometry Of Exhumed And Experimental Faults, Alexis Ault

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Rapid: Sodium (Na) Lidar Validation Of Mighti Daytime Temperature Observations Onboard Nasa Icon Satellite, Tao Yuan Mar 2021

Rapid: Sodium (Na) Lidar Validation Of Mighti Daytime Temperature Observations Onboard Nasa Icon Satellite, Tao Yuan

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Satc: Core: Small: Deep Learning For Insider Threat Detection, Shuhan Yuan Mar 2021

Satc: Core: Small: Deep Learning For Insider Threat Detection, Shuhan Yuan

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Collaborative Research: Development Of A Better Understanding Of Ambient Rm Chemistry, Reactions Forming, And Methods For Measurement, Seth Lyman Mar 2021

Collaborative Research: Development Of A Better Understanding Of Ambient Rm Chemistry, Reactions Forming, And Methods For Measurement, Seth Lyman

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Career: Time-Resolved Studies Of Charge Transfer And Chemical Reactivity At Photoelectrode-Electrolyte Interfaces, Yi Rao Feb 2021

Career: Time-Resolved Studies Of Charge Transfer And Chemical Reactivity At Photoelectrode-Electrolyte Interfaces, Yi Rao

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Ground Snow Loads For Asce 7-22 – What Has Changed And Why?, Marc Maguire, Brennan Bean, James Harris, Abbie Liel, Scott Russell Feb 2021

Ground Snow Loads For Asce 7-22 – What Has Changed And Why?, Marc Maguire, Brennan Bean, James Harris, Abbie Liel, Scott Russell

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications

The changes to the ASCE 7 ground snow load maps proposed for the 2022 edition target a uniform reliability rather than a uniform hazard – an important distinction – and are the first of their kind in ASCE 7. Previously, the ASCE 7 snow loads used a uniform-hazard 50-year mean recurrence interval (MRI) with a 1.6 load factor. The newly proposed loads directly target the safety levels stipulated in Chapter 1 of ASCE 7, resulting in a strength design level load that is to be used with a load factor of 1.0. This paper describes changes in design provisions that ...


Collaborative Research: Quantifying Watershed Dynamics In Snow Dominated Mountainous Karst Watersheds Using Hybrid Physically Based And Deep Learning Models, Bethany T. Neilson Feb 2021

Collaborative Research: Quantifying Watershed Dynamics In Snow Dominated Mountainous Karst Watersheds Using Hybrid Physically Based And Deep Learning Models, Bethany T. Neilson

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.