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Articles 1 - 30 of 1721

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Potential Contamination Risk In Tennessee Aquifers From Oil And Gas Drilling, Emma Reed May 2019

Potential Contamination Risk In Tennessee Aquifers From Oil And Gas Drilling, Emma Reed

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Recommended Corrective Security Measures To Address The Weaknesses Identified Within The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute, Khadija Moussaid, Oum Keltoum Hakam Jun 2018

Recommended Corrective Security Measures To Address The Weaknesses Identified Within The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute, Khadija Moussaid, Oum Keltoum Hakam

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute (SNRI) data book was issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2013. The hypothetical facility data book describes the hypothetical site, which is divided into two areas: the low-security area, known as the administrative area, and the very high-security area, known as the protected area. The book contains detailed descriptions of each area’s safety and security measures, along with figures of multiple buildings in both areas, and also includes information about the site’s computer networks.

This paper aims to identify security weaknesses related to the institute’s location, the Administrative Area ...


Conducting Nuclear Security Culture Self-Assessments In Nuclear Research Facilities Using The Iaea Methodology, Anhar Riza Antariksawan, Khairul Khairul, Heru Umbara, Endang Kristuti, Bayu Purnomo Jun 2018

Conducting Nuclear Security Culture Self-Assessments In Nuclear Research Facilities Using The Iaea Methodology, Anhar Riza Antariksawan, Khairul Khairul, Heru Umbara, Endang Kristuti, Bayu Purnomo

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN) has promoted the culture and assessment of nuclear security in Indonesia since 2010. After conducting a successful trial assessment in 2012, BATAN performed a second self-assessment in 2015 in three nuclear facilities. The assessment's methodology followed the guidelines set by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the techniques used in applying the IAEA methodology and to discuss the primary outcomes of the assessment. The data collection consisted of surveys, interviews, document reviews, and observations. A total of about 50% of the three facilities ...


Path Creation By Continuous Flocking As An Example Of A Morphogenetic Programming Language, Bruce J Maclennan Jun 2018

Path Creation By Continuous Flocking As An Example Of A Morphogenetic Programming Language, Bruce J Maclennan

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- EECS

Artificial morphogenesis uses processes inspired by embryology to control massive swarms of robots to assemble complex physical structures. First, we use an example morphogenetic program to illustrate a prototype implementation of morphgen, a morphogenetic programming language. The syntax and semantics are described informally as illustrated by the example program, which is included in its entirety in an appendix. Another appendix includes a complete formal grammar for the current version of the language. Next, we describe the results of a series of experiments with the program, which simulates a continuous swarm of microscopic agents creating paths from an origin to a ...


Initial Limnological Observations At Five Small Lakes In Southern Pacific Costa Rica, Sally P Horn, Erik N. Johanson, Kurt A. Haberyan, Mathew S. Boehm, Jessie L. Johanson, Maureen Sánchez P., Mario Hernández V. Jun 2018

Initial Limnological Observations At Five Small Lakes In Southern Pacific Costa Rica, Sally P Horn, Erik N. Johanson, Kurt A. Haberyan, Mathew S. Boehm, Jessie L. Johanson, Maureen Sánchez P., Mario Hernández V.

Geography Publications and Other Works

Costa Rica has hundreds of lakes, many of which have never been described or sampled by limnologists. Here we summarize initial observations of five small (0.2–1.7ha) lakes located at low elevation (365–490m) in the cantón of Buenos Aries. We collected basic limnological data and samples during visits in 2013 and 2014, and compiled environmental and archaeological data for their surroundings as a contribution to the documentation of lake diversity in Costa Rica, and to support parallel investigations of indicators of environmental history preserved in the sediments of the lakes. Lagunas Carse, Los Mangos, Danta, and Ojo ...


Supply Chain Sustainability: Understanding The Financial Impact, Matthew J. Guinn May 2018

Supply Chain Sustainability: Understanding The Financial Impact, Matthew J. Guinn

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a differential impact on the financial performance of a company between environmental and social events.

This study uses a randomization of publicly traded companies within specific, pre-determined SIC codes, which is a collection of 66 companies, split between manufacturing and retail, to get the most accurate representation.

This study utilizes multiple regression models via STATA to analyze data compiled from the Wharton Research Database Services (WRDS) utilizing the MSCI ESG KLD, and Bloomberg, to analyze the percent increase in stock price which is the overarching models independent variable. Then ...


Spatial Analysis Of Mountaintop Mining's Impact On Water Quality, Samantha Cahill May 2018

Spatial Analysis Of Mountaintop Mining's Impact On Water Quality, Samantha Cahill

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Mountaintop coal mining (MTM) has been shown to have negative effects on both biological communities and water quality downstream of mining. Impacts of MTM can still be seen decades after the mining has ended, leading to the conclusion that the cumulative effects of mining last decades after the mining has ended. Here, I aim to analyze the effects of MTM on both water quality and benthic macroinvertebrates in streams of the Southern Appalachian Mountains in Kentucky. I combine a remotely sensed mining landcover product with data on water quality parameters and stream macroinvertebrate communities from state and federal monitoring programs ...


Archaeometric Approaches To The Roman Near East, Gayatri Nandwani May 2018

Archaeometric Approaches To The Roman Near East, Gayatri Nandwani

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The purpose of my research this summer has been to participate in a full suite of archaeometric and geoarchaeological analyses, particularly as they are applied to sedimentology. The first section of my research has focused on an introduction to these procedures at ARL including laboratory safety procedures, proper sample collection and processing methods, and introduction to methods and purposes for a variety of laboratory analyses including grain size distribution analysis using a state of the art Malvern Mastersizer 3000 laser diffraction particle size analyzer, organic matter and inorganic carbon analysis, and microartifact analysis. During the field collection phase I worked ...


Modeling Adsorption And Diffusion Of Atomic Oxygen On The Ag(111) Surface Using Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations, Seth Spencer Street, Sharani Roy, Sara Isbill May 2018

Modeling Adsorption And Diffusion Of Atomic Oxygen On The Ag(111) Surface Using Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations, Seth Spencer Street, Sharani Roy, Sara Isbill

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Oxidized silver surfaces are widely used as industrial heterogeneous catalysts to oxidize small organic compounds, such as ethylene. While surface-adsorbed oxygen is known to participate in catalysis, it has been suggested that ‘subsurface’ oxygen adsorbed in the near-surface region of silver also plays important roles in surface reconstruction and reactivity. However, the formation, motion, and chemical behavior of subsurface oxygen in silver are not well understood. In the present work, a kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulation has been developed using the Python programming language to computationally model the diffusion kinetics of atomic oxygen (AO) at the Ag(111) surface. This ...


Design And Development Of A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Immunosensor For Exosomes, Wesley Cox May 2018

Design And Development Of A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Immunosensor For Exosomes, Wesley Cox

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Size Exclusion Chromatography Based Liposomal Protein Extraction (Selpe), Carolyn Barnes May 2018

Size Exclusion Chromatography Based Liposomal Protein Extraction (Selpe), Carolyn Barnes

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Peer Attention Modeling With Head Pose Trajectory Tracking Using Temporal Thermal Maps, Corey Michael Johnson May 2018

Peer Attention Modeling With Head Pose Trajectory Tracking Using Temporal Thermal Maps, Corey Michael Johnson

Masters Theses

Human head pose trajectories can represent a wealth of implicit information such as areas of attention, body language, potential future actions, and more. This signal is of high value for use in Human-Robot teams due to the implicit information encoded within it. Although team-based tasks require both explicit and implicit communication among peers, large team sizes, noisy environments, distance, and mission urgency can inhibit the frequency and quality of explicit communication. The goal for this thesis is to improve the capabilities of Human-Robot teams by making use of implicit communication. In support of this goal, the following hypotheses are investigated ...


Developing Kenya’S Educational Capacity In Nuclear Security Through Nuclear Forensics Research, Hudson Kalambuka Angeyo Apr 2018

Developing Kenya’S Educational Capacity In Nuclear Security Through Nuclear Forensics Research, Hudson Kalambuka Angeyo

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Nuclear energy’s distinctive characteristics give rise to special educational requirements. These requirements are necessary to not only address the danger of nuclear proliferation, but also to build capacity for a secure nuclear fuel circle. In this paper, I assess the status of educational capacity in nuclear security both in response to, and in support of, Kenya’s nuclear power program. I highlight the nuclear security educational infrastructure’s key features in the context of nuclear power, noting the low capacity at Kenyan universities. I identify the steps required to ensure that the country’s dynamic nuclear regulatory infrastructural framework ...


Frequency Of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Information Provided In The Media: Impacts, Ecology, And Citizen Outreach, Anna Killeen Cameron, Casey Fellhoelter, Bevin Hardy, Lucas Smith Apr 2018

Frequency Of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Information Provided In The Media: Impacts, Ecology, And Citizen Outreach, Anna Killeen Cameron, Casey Fellhoelter, Bevin Hardy, Lucas Smith

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

An analysis of 165 media articles about the hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA), an invasive insect killing native hemlocks in eastern North America, was undertaken to determine possible influences of the public’s desire and ability to help with invasive species prevention and control. All of the articles mention at least one of the following: HWA impacts to ecosystems (55.2%), hemlock characteristics (47%), and the value of hemlocks (38.8%). Articles that mention HWA impacts and hemlock value also mention associated topics such as subsequent impacts from hemlock loss to shade and temperature control of forests and streams, trout and ...


The Synmac Syntax Macroprocessor: Introduction And Manual, Version 5, Bruce J Maclennan Apr 2018

The Synmac Syntax Macroprocessor: Introduction And Manual, Version 5, Bruce J Maclennan

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- EECS

A syntax macroprocessor permits parameterized text substitutions with greater syntactic flexibility than allowed with ordinary macroprocessors. This report describes the \emph{synmac} syntax macroprocessor, which permits arbitrarily delimited macro invocations, and thus allows the definition of new statement and expression forms or even complete languages. Synmac is a computationally complete programming language. We define the synmac macro language, document a prototype implementation, and give examples of its use.


The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska Mar 2018

The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska

International Journal of Nuclear Security

There is no doubt that the NPT regime is far from being equal for all states involved. As the predominant hegemonic power since WWII, the United States plays a major role in deciding the fates of non-great power proliferators. This article tries to find the logical explanation of the phenomenon whereby some nuclear proliferators are absolved regardless of their active accumulation of nuclear arsenals while others are labeled as “rogue states” and ordered to disarm. The article suggests that a particular proliferator’s political regime could affect the way in which its state is approached by the U.S., known ...


The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson Dec 2017

The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Planning for the future of nuclear security is a vital and complex task, requiring cooperation and contribution from many disciplines and industries. This diversity of expertise should include the medical sector, which faces many of the same challenges as the nuclear industry: controlling access to dangerous material, creating a strong security culture, cooperating with the wider world and engaging the public.

Medical physicists, of which the author is one, oversee all aspects of small-scale radiation use. This paper discusses three key areas increasingly important to both medical and nuclear uses of radioactive materials: public engagement, prevention of nuclear and radiological ...


Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté Dec 2017

Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The use of radioactive sources is expanding all over the world and abreast the necessity of the enhancement of its safe and secure application is increasing too. In the nuclear industry, the safety and security are top priorities since decades. They share the same goal, to protect humans from the negative affect of the ionizing radiation. The human component of them is a significant factor and technical solutions can protect us so far and thus the culture for safety and security become a major focus. On the other hand, there are still some contradiction between recommendations and international guidance of ...


The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf Dec 2017

The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Nowadays, a security regime for protecting nuclear and radiological material—providing an intelligent national regulatory institution and establishing national security laws—is necessary in order for a state to ensure security of nuclear and radiological materials used within its borders.

This paper focuses on discussing the opportunities and challenges facing the future of nuclear security after the creation of the new Moroccan Agency of Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security.


An Exploration Of Basic Processes For Aqueous Electrochemical Production Of Hydrogen From Biomass Derived Molecules, Brian Fane Dec 2017

An Exploration Of Basic Processes For Aqueous Electrochemical Production Of Hydrogen From Biomass Derived Molecules, Brian Fane

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells(PEMFCs) are energy conversion devices with significant potential. The factors preventing them from becoming widespread concern production and distribution of hydrogen. Developing an efficient hydrogen infrastructure with an approachable rollout plan is an essential step towards the future of fuel cells. Water electrolysis is limited by the thermodynamics of the process, which leads to high electrical consumption and significant materials challenges. Alternative methods for cleanly generating hydrogen while using a lower cell voltage are required. PEM based electrolyzers can operate with a "depolarized anode", whereby they become significantly less power hungry.

This thesis explores two ...


Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha Dec 2017

Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha

Doctoral Dissertations

The narrow hydrophobic interior of a carbon nanotube (CNT) poses a barrier to the transport of water and ions, and yet, unexpectedly, numerous experimental and simulation studies have confirmed fast water transport rates comparable to those seen in biological aquaporin channels. These outstanding features of high water permeability and high solute rejection of even dissolved ions that would typically require a lot of energy for separation in commercial processes makes carbon nanotubes an exciting candidate for desalination membranes. Extending ion exclusion beyond simple mechanical sieving by the inclusion of electrostatics via added functionality to the nanotube bears promise to not ...


Analysis Of Primary Stripper Foils At The Spallation Neutron Source By An Electron Beam Foil Test Stand, Eric Paul Barrowclough Dec 2017

Analysis Of Primary Stripper Foils At The Spallation Neutron Source By An Electron Beam Foil Test Stand, Eric Paul Barrowclough

Doctoral Dissertations

Diamond films are used at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) as the primary charge exchange foils (i.e., stripper foils) of the accelerated 1 GeV (Gigaelectron volts) hydride ions. The most common type of film used is a nanocrystalline diamond film, typically 17 mm x 45 mm (millimeter) with an aerial density of 350 μg/cm2 (microgram per square centimeter). The diamond film is deposited on a corrugated silicon substrate using plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition. After the growth of the diamond film, 30 mm of the silicon substrate is etched away, leaving a freestanding diamond foil with a silicon ...


Impact Of Soil Water Content On Bermudagrass Athletic Field Performance, Kyley Hampton Dickson Dec 2017

Impact Of Soil Water Content On Bermudagrass Athletic Field Performance, Kyley Hampton Dickson

Doctoral Dissertations

Soil water content (SWC) influences the consistency and performance of athletic fields. Two studies were conducted at the University of Tennessee Center for Athletic Field Safety (Knoxville, TN) to determine SWC impact on the performance of hybrid bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. x C. transvaalensis, Burtt-Davy, ‘Tifway’] on silt loam (cohesive) and sand root zone conforming to United States Golf Association (USGA) specifications (noncohesive) root zones. Soil water content treatments for the cohesive soil averaged 0.10 m3/m3 (+/- 0.035), 0.17 m3/m3 (+/- 0.035), 0.26 m3/m3 (+/- 0.035), and ...


Exploration Of Equal Tune Transverse Coupling In The Spallation Neutron Source Accumulator Ring, Robert Edward Potts Iii Dec 2017

Exploration Of Equal Tune Transverse Coupling In The Spallation Neutron Source Accumulator Ring, Robert Edward Potts Iii

Doctoral Dissertations

The development of hadron machines is one of the main areas of focus in accelerator technology and is specifically called out as a priority in the high energy physics 10-year plan[70]. The trend for future accelerators is to move towards very high-intensity high-power accelerators to be used as proton drivers for secondary particles, target stations, and high-energy accelerators. These accelerators require lower beam losses and more stringent beam controls to maintain typical loss levels and meet specific final beam distributions.

This study focuses on the recently documented coupling resonance in the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accumulator ring. It was ...


Automated Program Profiling And Analysis For Managing Heterogeneous Memory Systems, Adam Palmer Howard Dec 2017

Automated Program Profiling And Analysis For Managing Heterogeneous Memory Systems, Adam Palmer Howard

Masters Theses

Many promising memory technologies, such as non-volatile, storage-class memories and high-bandwidth, on-chip RAMs, are beginning to emerge. Since each of these new technologies present tradeoffs distinct from conventional DRAMs, next-generation systems are likely to include multiple tiers of memory storage, each with their own type of devices. To efficiently utilize the available hardware, such systems will need to alter their data management strategies to consider the performance and capabilities provided by each tier.

This work explores a variety of cross-layer strategies for managing application data in heterogeneous memory systems. We propose different program profiling-based techniques to automatically partition program allocation ...


Measurement Of The Prompt J/Psi Pair Production Cross Section In Pp Collisions At Sqrt(S) = 8 Tev With Cms, Grant Valentine Riley Dec 2017

Measurement Of The Prompt J/Psi Pair Production Cross Section In Pp Collisions At Sqrt(S) = 8 Tev With Cms, Grant Valentine Riley

Doctoral Dissertations

The cross section for the prompt production of J/ψ [J/Psi] meson pairs in proton-proton collisions at √ s[sqrt(s)] = 8 TeV at the LHC from a sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.2±0.5 fb−1 [inverse femtobarns] has been measured with the CMS detector. It provides unique insight into particle production and proton structure in proton-proton (pp) collisions. The two J/ψ mesons are fully reconstructed in their µ +µ −[mu+ mu-] decay. An acceptance region is defined by the individual J/ψ transverse momentum pT J/ψ [J/Psi pT] and rapidity |y ...


Mathematical Modeling Of Mixtures And Numerical Solution With Applications To Polymer Physics, John Timothy Cummings Dec 2017

Mathematical Modeling Of Mixtures And Numerical Solution With Applications To Polymer Physics, John Timothy Cummings

Doctoral Dissertations

We consider in this dissertation the mathematical modeling and simulation of a general diffuse interface mixture model based on the principles of energy dissipation. The model developed allows for a thermodynamically consistent description of systems with an arbitrary number of different components, each of which having perhaps differing densities. We also provide a mathematical description of processes which may allow components to source or sink into other components in a mass conserving, energy dissipating way, with the motivation of applying this model to phase transformation. Also included in the modeling is a unique set of thermodynamically consistent boundary conditions which ...


The Calculus War: The Ultimate Clash Of Genius, Walker Briles Bussey-Spencer Dec 2017

The Calculus War: The Ultimate Clash Of Genius, Walker Briles Bussey-Spencer

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Phase Transitions And The Casimir Effect In Neutron Stars, William Patrick Moffitt Dec 2017

Phase Transitions And The Casimir Effect In Neutron Stars, William Patrick Moffitt

Masters Theses

What lies at the core of a neutron star is still a highly debated topic, with both the composition and the physical interactions in question. In this thesis, we made assumptions regarding the composition to further study the interactions of matter during the transition phases. These phases, also known as nuclear pasta, come from the unique physical conditions which occur within neutron stars. We examine the feasibility of the Casimir effect manifesting during these phases, as well as the effects it would have on the total energy of the system. We find that the crust-core transition cannot support the proper ...


Search For The Decays Of 113ba, Yongchi Xiao Dec 2017

Search For The Decays Of 113ba, Yongchi Xiao

Doctoral Dissertations

The search for new alpha-emitters in the region above tin-100 was carried out in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) tandem accelerator in Tokai, Japan. This work aimed to discover barium-113 produced via the fusion-evaporation reaction nickel-58(nickel-58,3n)barium-113 and observation through its alpha-decay chain from barium-113 to xenon-109 to tellurium-105 and tin-101. In the proof of principle experiment in March 2014, the alpha-decay chain of xenon-109 was observed with Double-sided Silicon Strip Detector (DSSD) and digital electronics at JAEA Recoil Mass Separator (RMS). The first discovery-oriented barium-113 experiment was carried out in December 2014 searching for its alpha-decay, ground-state ...