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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Overview Of The Kentucky Geological Survey No. 1 Hanson Aggregates Well, Carter County, Kentucky, J. Richard Bowersox, Stephen F. Greb, David C. Harris Nov 2018

Overview Of The Kentucky Geological Survey No. 1 Hanson Aggregates Well, Carter County, Kentucky, J. Richard Bowersox, Stephen F. Greb, David C. Harris

Kentucky Geological Survey Information Circular

The Kentucky Geological Survey drilled the No. 1 Hanson Aggregates well in northern Carter County, Ky., to assess the carbon dioxide storage capacity and confining intervals in the Middle Cambrian–Upper Ordovician section in the southern Appalachian Basin, north of the Rome Trough. The well was drilled to a total depth of 4,835 ft, penetrating the Mississippian–Middle Cambrian Paleozoic section and 120 ft of Neoproterozoic Grenville granite gneiss. Steel casing was cemented to the surface at 350 ft and 2,944 ft to isolate the deep wellbore from the near-surface aquifer and provide anchors for pressure-control equipment. Eight ...


Turning Grass Into Cash With Small Ruminants, Kenneth Andries Oct 2018

Turning Grass Into Cash With Small Ruminants, Kenneth Andries

Kentucky Grazing Conference

As agriculture continues to change, it is important to consider sustainability before starting or expanding any enterprise. One critical factor in any animal agriculture enterprise is controlling feeding costs. Most research indicates feeding is the largest expenses in any livestock enterprise. However, nutrition is critical to overall productivity and the income of the enterprise. Because of this, producers need to find ways to improve nutrient availability while minimizing costs to optimize production and profitability for their livestock enterprise.


Grazing Dairies: Challenges And Opportunities, Howard Straub Iii Oct 2018

Grazing Dairies: Challenges And Opportunities, Howard Straub Iii

Kentucky Grazing Conference

No abstract provided.


Considerations For Making A Profit With Stocker Cattle, Jeff Lehmkuhler Oct 2018

Considerations For Making A Profit With Stocker Cattle, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Kentucky Grazing Conference

The southeast is home to more than 7.3 million beef cows (USDA 2018). At an estimated 80% weaning rate and 20% heifer retention, the southeast region would be expected to produce more than 4.6 million feeder calves that would go to market in 2018. The cow-calf industry in the region provides an opportunity for the stocker and backgrounding operations to co-exist. Much of the land in the region is best suited for forage and pasture production, which at the current moment, provides a low cost feed for adding pounds to light weight feeder cattle. Yet, the stocker and ...


Measuring Profitability In Grazing Operations, Kenneth H. Burdine Oct 2018

Measuring Profitability In Grazing Operations, Kenneth H. Burdine

Kentucky Grazing Conference

When producers make investments in extending their grazing season, they do so in order to obtain an economic benefit. These benefits usually include a reduction in the number of days that stored feed (typically hay) is fed, an increase in carry capacity or stocking rate, or an increase in production level (rates of gain, weaning weights, etc). While all of these are potential benefits of improved grazing systems, a reduction in winter feeding days is often the simplest way to start. When the grazing season is extended, winter feeding days are reduced, and this cost savings can be weighed against ...


Foreword And Conference Information [2018], S. Ray Smith, Christopher D. Teutsch Oct 2018

Foreword And Conference Information [2018], S. Ray Smith, Christopher D. Teutsch

Kentucky Grazing Conference

No abstract provided.


Liquid Phenothiazine Catholytes For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries, Susan A. Odom, Matthew D. Casselman, Aman Preet Kaur Oct 2018

Liquid Phenothiazine Catholytes For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries, Susan A. Odom, Matthew D. Casselman, Aman Preet Kaur

Chemistry Faculty Patents

Highly soluble, liquid phenothiazines containing methoxy-terminated ether and oligoether substituents are disclosed with high diffusion coefficients and robust performance in electrochemical measurements, which can be synthesized in one step from commercially-available starting materials, thereby circumventing previous synthetic limitations.


Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, Md. Ariful Hoque, Marcelo I. Guzman Oct 2018

Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, Md. Ariful Hoque, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Heterogeneous photocatalysis is a prominent area of research with major applications in solar energy conversion, air pollution mitigation, and removal of contaminants from water. A large number of scientific papers related to the photocatalysis field and its environmental applications are published in different journals specializing in materials and nanomaterials. However, many problems exist in the conception of papers by authors unfamiliar with standard characterization methods of photocatalysts as well as with the procedures needed to determine photocatalytic activities based on the determination of “apparent quantum efficiencies” within a wavelength interval or “apparent quantum yields” in the case of using monochromatic ...


Structural Evolution And Petroleum Potential Of A Cambrian Intracratonic Rift System: Mississippi Valley Graben, Rough Creek Graben, And Rome Trough, John B. Hickman, David C. Harris Sep 2018

Structural Evolution And Petroleum Potential Of A Cambrian Intracratonic Rift System: Mississippi Valley Graben, Rough Creek Graben, And Rome Trough, John B. Hickman, David C. Harris

Kentucky Geological Survey Report of Investigations

Drilling and geophysical data demonstrate that the Mississippi Valley Graben, Rough Creek Graben, and Rome Trough are fault-bounded structures filled with as much as 27,000 ft of Cambrian sediments. Data including stratigraphic tops from 1,764 wells, 106 seismic profiles, aeromagnetic and gravity surveys, and mapped surface geology at a scale of 1:24,000 were used to study seven stratigraphic packages across parts of Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and Tennessee. Detailed analysis of the thickness patterns of these stratigraphic packages was used to interpret the locations and timing of movement along major fault systems in the study ...


An Overview Of Dynamic Heterogeneous Oxidations In The Troposphere, Elizabeth A. Pillar-Little, Marcelo I. Guzman Sep 2018

An Overview Of Dynamic Heterogeneous Oxidations In The Troposphere, Elizabeth A. Pillar-Little, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Due to the adverse effect of atmospheric aerosols on public health and their ability to affect climate, extensive research has been undertaken in recent decades to understand their sources and sinks, as well as to study their physical and chemical properties. Atmospheric aerosols are important players in the Earth’s radiative budget, affecting incoming and outgoing solar radiation through absorption and scattering by direct and indirect means. While the cooling properties of pure inorganic aerosols are relatively well understood, the impact of organic aerosols on the radiative budget is unclear. Additionally, organic aerosols are transformed through chemical reactions during atmospheric ...


Engineered Nanoparticles Interact With Nutrients To Intensify Eutrophication In A Wetland Ecosystem Experiment, Marie Simonin, Benjamin P. Colman, Steven M. Anderson, Ryan S. King, Matthew T. Ruis, Astrid Avellan, Christina M. Bergemann, Brittany G. Perrotta, Nicholas K. Geitner, Mengchi Ho, Belen De La Barrera, Jason M. Unrine, Gregory V. Lowry, Curtis J. Richardson, Mark R. Wiesner, Emily S. Bernhardt Sep 2018

Engineered Nanoparticles Interact With Nutrients To Intensify Eutrophication In A Wetland Ecosystem Experiment, Marie Simonin, Benjamin P. Colman, Steven M. Anderson, Ryan S. King, Matthew T. Ruis, Astrid Avellan, Christina M. Bergemann, Brittany G. Perrotta, Nicholas K. Geitner, Mengchi Ho, Belen De La Barrera, Jason M. Unrine, Gregory V. Lowry, Curtis J. Richardson, Mark R. Wiesner, Emily S. Bernhardt

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

Despite the rapid rise in diversity and quantities of engineered nanomaterials produced, the impacts of these emerging contaminants on the structure and function of ecosystems have received little attention from ecologists. Moreover, little is known about how manufactured nanomaterials may interact with nutrient pollution in altering ecosystem productivity, despite the recognition that eutrophication is the primary water quality issue in freshwater ecosystems worldwide. In this study, we asked two main questions: (1) To what extent do manufactured nanoparticles affect the biomass and productivity of primary producers in wetland ecosystems? (2) How are these impacts mediated by nutrient pollution? To address ...


What You Don’T See, Brent Sturlaugson Sep 2018

What You Don’T See, Brent Sturlaugson

Architecture Faculty Publications

Follow the supply chains of architecture and you’ll find not just product manufacturers but also environmental polluters and elusive networks of financial power and political influence.


Enhanced Acidity Of Acetic And Pyruvic Acids On The Surface Of Water, Alexis J. Eugene, Elizabeth A. Pillar, Agustín J. Colussi, Marcelo I. Guzman Aug 2018

Enhanced Acidity Of Acetic And Pyruvic Acids On The Surface Of Water, Alexis J. Eugene, Elizabeth A. Pillar, Agustín J. Colussi, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Understanding the acid–base behavior of carboxylic acids on aqueous interfaces is a fundamental issue in nature. Surface processes involving carboxylic acids such as acetic and pyruvic acids play roles in (1) the transport of nutrients through cell membranes, (2) the cycling of metabolites relevant to the origin of life, and (3) the photooxidative processing of biogenic and anthropogenic emissions in aerosols and atmospheric waters. Here, we report that 50% of gaseous acetic acid and pyruvic acid molecules transfer a proton to the surface of water at pH 2.8 and 1.8 units lower than their respective acidity constants ...


A Simple Method Of Coil Design, M. Rawlik, A. Eggenberger, J. Krempel, Christopher Crawford, K. Kirch, F. M. Piegsa, G. Quéméner Aug 2018

A Simple Method Of Coil Design, M. Rawlik, A. Eggenberger, J. Krempel, Christopher Crawford, K. Kirch, F. M. Piegsa, G. Quéméner

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

In this article, we present a method to design a coil producing an arbitrarily shaped magnetic field by restricting the path of the coil's wires to a regular grid. The solution is then found by a simple least squares minimum. We discuss practical applications, in particular, in the active magnetic field stabilization system of the neutron electric dipole moment experiment at the Paul Scherrer Institute in Villigen, Switzerland. We also publish the software implementation of the method.


Dust–Gas Scaling Relations And Oh Abundance In The Galactic Ism, Hiep Nguyen, J. R. Dawson, M. -A. Miville-Deschênes, Ningyu Tang, Di Li, Carl Heiles, Claire E. Murray, Snežana Stanimirović, Steven J. Gibson, N. M. Mcclure-Griffiths, Thomas Troland, L. Bronfman, R. Finger Jul 2018

Dust–Gas Scaling Relations And Oh Abundance In The Galactic Ism, Hiep Nguyen, J. R. Dawson, M. -A. Miville-Deschênes, Ningyu Tang, Di Li, Carl Heiles, Claire E. Murray, Snežana Stanimirović, Steven J. Gibson, N. M. Mcclure-Griffiths, Thomas Troland, L. Bronfman, R. Finger

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Observations of interstellar dust are often used as a proxy for total gas column density NH. By comparing Planck thermal dust data (Release 1.2) and new dust reddening maps from Pan-STARRS 1 and 2MASS, with accurate (opacity-corrected) H I column densities and newly published OH data from the Arecibo Millennium survey and 21-SPONGE, we confirm linear correlations between dust optical depth τ353, reddening E(BV), and the total proton column density NH in the range (1–30) × 1020 cm−2, along sightlines with no molecular gas detections in emission. We derive an NH ...


Characteristics Of Cover-Collapse Sinkholes In Kentucky, James C. Currens Jul 2018

Characteristics Of Cover-Collapse Sinkholes In Kentucky, James C. Currens

Kentucky Geological Survey Report of Investigations

Sudden collapse of unconsolidated earth materials over soluble bedrock, known as cover collapse, damages buildings, roads, utility lines, and farm equipment in Kentucky. It has also killed livestock, including Thoroughbred horses, and injured people. The estimated annual cost of sinkhole cover collapse in Kentucky ranges from $20 million to $84 million and is sensitive to rare but expensive events such as the 2014 National Corvette Museum collapse. The Kentucky Geological Survey began developing a catalog of case histories of cover-collapse occurrences in 1997, and receives an average of 24 reports each year. Three hundred fifty-four occurrences of cover-collapse sinkholes throughout ...


A Broad Spectrum Racemase In Pseudomonas Putida Kt2440 Plays A Key Role In Amino Acid Catabolism, Atanas D. Radkov, Luke A. Moe Jun 2018

A Broad Spectrum Racemase In Pseudomonas Putida Kt2440 Plays A Key Role In Amino Acid Catabolism, Atanas D. Radkov, Luke A. Moe

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

The broad-spectrum amino acid racemase (Alr) of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 preferentially interconverts the L- and D-stereoisomers of Lys and Arg. Despite conservation of broad-spectrum racemases among bacteria, little is known regarding their physiological role. Here we explore potential functional roles for Alr in P. putida KT2440. We demonstrate through cellular fractionation that Alr enzymatic activity is found in the periplasm, consistent with its putative periplasm targeting sequence. Specific activity of Alr is highest during exponential growth, and this activity corresponds with an increased accumulation of D-Lys in the growth medium. An alr gene knockout strain (Δalr) was generated and ...


Spatial Thinking In Astronomy Education Research, Merryn Cole, Cheryl Cole, Jennifer Wilhelm, Rebecca Lindell Jun 2018

Spatial Thinking In Astronomy Education Research, Merryn Cole, Cheryl Cole, Jennifer Wilhelm, Rebecca Lindell

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Faculty Publications

This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Astronomy Education Research.] Multiple studies show that spatial thinking skills contribute to students’ performance in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines. The study of astronomy is no different with the understanding of many astronomical phenomena requiring spatial thinking skills. This paper describes traditional and contemporary approaches to characterizing and measuring spatial thinking skills and suggests how they inform research in astronomy education. It summarizes previous literature in astronomy education research and categorizes the research approaches of astronomy education peer-reviewed journal articles and conference proceedings that explicitly consider the role of spatial ...


How Middle Level Science Teachers Visualize And Translate Motion, Scale, And Geometric Space Of The Earth-Moon-Sun System With Their Students, Jennifer Wilhelm, Merryn Cole, Cheryl Cohen, Rebecca Lindell Jun 2018

How Middle Level Science Teachers Visualize And Translate Motion, Scale, And Geometric Space Of The Earth-Moon-Sun System With Their Students, Jennifer Wilhelm, Merryn Cole, Cheryl Cohen, Rebecca Lindell

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Faculty Publications

[This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Astronomy Education Research.] We examined teachers’ spatial-scientific reasoning and the alternative conceptions they held regarding Earth-space content. While participating in a professional development (PD) workshop, teachers engaged in an integrated mathematics and science project-based unit designed to foster spatial reasoning and improve lunar-related conceptual understanding. The Purdue Spatial Visualization Test-Rotation (PSVT-Rot) and the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI) were used to assess understanding. We found the teachers held similar alternative conceptions as their students. Moreover, we discovered that teachers had limited understanding of the Earth-Moon-Sun scale, motions, and geometric configurations. To ...


Production Of Photoionized Plasmas In The Laboratory With X-Ray Line Radiation, S. White, R. Irwin, J. R. Warwick, G. F. Gribakin, G. Sarri, F. P. Keenan, D. Riley, S. J. Rose, E. G. Hill, Gary J. Ferland, B. Han, F. Wang, G. Zhao Jun 2018

Production Of Photoionized Plasmas In The Laboratory With X-Ray Line Radiation, S. White, R. Irwin, J. R. Warwick, G. F. Gribakin, G. Sarri, F. P. Keenan, D. Riley, S. J. Rose, E. G. Hill, Gary J. Ferland, B. Han, F. Wang, G. Zhao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

In this paper we report the experimental implementation of a theoretically proposed technique for creating a photoionized plasma in the laboratory using x-ray line radiation. Using a Sn laser plasma to irradiate an Ar gas target, the photoionization parameter, ξ = 4πF/Ne, reached values of order 50erg cm s−1, where F is the radiation flux in erg cm−2 s−1. The significance of this is that this technique allows us to mimic effective spectral radiation temperatures in excess of 1 keV. We show that our plasma starts to be collisionally dominated before the peak of the ...


Striking The Right Balance Of Intermolecular Coupling For High-Efficiency Singlet Fission, Ryan D. Pensack, Andrew J. Tilley, Christopher Grieco, Geoffrey E. Purdum, Evgeny E. Ostroumov, Devin B. Granger, Daniel G. Oblinsky, Jacob C. Dean, Grayson S. Doucette, John B. Asbury, Yueh-Lin Loo, Dwight S. Seferos, John E. Anthony, Gregory D. Scholes Jun 2018

Striking The Right Balance Of Intermolecular Coupling For High-Efficiency Singlet Fission, Ryan D. Pensack, Andrew J. Tilley, Christopher Grieco, Geoffrey E. Purdum, Evgeny E. Ostroumov, Devin B. Granger, Daniel G. Oblinsky, Jacob C. Dean, Grayson S. Doucette, John B. Asbury, Yueh-Lin Loo, Dwight S. Seferos, John E. Anthony, Gregory D. Scholes

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Singlet fission is a process that splits collective excitations, or excitons, into two with unity efficiency. This exciton splitting process, unique to molecular photophysics, has the potential to considerably improve the efficiency of optoelectronic devices through more efficient light harvesting. While the first step of singlet fission has been characterized in great detail, subsequent steps critical to achieving overall highly-efficient singlet-to-triplet conversion are only just beginning to become well understood. One of the most elementary suggestions, which has yet to be tested, is that an appropriately balanced coupling is necessary to ensure overall highly efficient singlet fission; that is, the ...


Kelvin-Mach Wake In A Two-Dimensional Fermi Sea, Eugene B. Kolomeisky, Joseph P. Straley May 2018

Kelvin-Mach Wake In A Two-Dimensional Fermi Sea, Eugene B. Kolomeisky, Joseph P. Straley

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The dispersion law for plasma oscillations in a two-dimensional electron gas in the hydrodynamic approximation interpolates between Ω ∝ √q and Ω ∝ q dependences as the wave vector q increases. As a result, downstream of a charged impurity in the presence of a uniform supersonic electric current flow, a wake pattern of induced charge density and potential is formed whose geometry is controlled by the Mach number M. For 1 < M2, the wake consists of transverse wave fronts confined within a sector, whose angle is given by the classic Mach condition. An additional wake of a larger angle resembling the ...


Quadrupolar Quantum Criticality On A Fractal, Jonathan D'Emidio, Simon Lovell, Ribhu K. Kaul May 2018

Quadrupolar Quantum Criticality On A Fractal, Jonathan D'Emidio, Simon Lovell, Ribhu K. Kaul

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We study the ground state ordering of quadrupolar ordered S = 1 magnets as a function of spin dilution probability p on the triangular lattice. In sharp contrast to the ordering of S = 1/2 dipolar Néel magnets on percolating clusters, we find that the quadrupolar magnets are quantum disordered at the percolation threshold, p = p. Further we find that long-range quadrupolar order is present for all p < p and vanishes first exactly at p. Strong evidence for scaling behavior close to p points to an unusual quantum criticality without fine tuning that arises from an interplay of quantum fluctuations and ...


Out-Of-Plane (E,2E) Measurements And Calculations On He Autoionizing Levels As A Function Of Incident-Electron Energy, Nicholas L. S. Martin, C. M. Weaver, Brian N. Kim, B. A. Deharak, O. Zatsarinny, K. Bartschat May 2018

Out-Of-Plane (E,2E) Measurements And Calculations On He Autoionizing Levels As A Function Of Incident-Electron Energy, Nicholas L. S. Martin, C. M. Weaver, Brian N. Kim, B. A. Deharak, O. Zatsarinny, K. Bartschat

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Out-of-scattering-plane (e,2e) measurements and calculations are reported for the three singlet helium 2ℓ2ℓ′ autoionizing levels, with 80, 100, 120, 150, and 488 eV incident-electron energies, and scattering angles 60, 50.8, 45, 39.2, and 20.5, respectively. The kinematics are the same in all cases: the momentum transfer is K = 2.1 a.u., and ejected electrons are detected in a plane that contains the momentum-transfer direction and is perpendicular to the scattering plane. The results are presented as (e,2e) angular distributions energy integrated over each level. They are compared with fully nonperturbative B-spline ...


Measurement Of The 3ΛH Lifetime In Au+Au Collisions At The Bnl Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran May 2018

Measurement Of The 3ΛH Lifetime In Au+Au Collisions At The Bnl Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

An improved measurement of the 3ΛH lifetime is presented. In this paper, the mesonic decay modes 3ΛH → 3He + π and 3ΛH → d + p + π are used to reconstruct the 3ΛH from Au+Au collision data collected by the STAR collaboration at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). A minimum χ2 estimation is used to determine the lifetime of τ = 142+24−21(stat.) ± 29(syst.) ps. This lifetime is about 50% shorter than the lifetime τ = 263 ± 2 ps of a free Λ, indicating strong hyperon-nucleon interaction in the hypernucleus system ...


Low Metallicities And Old Ages For Three Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster, Meng Gu, Charlie Conroy, David Law, Pieter Van Dokkum, Renbin Yan, David Wake, Kevin Bundy, Allison Merritt, Roberto Abraham, Jielai Zhang, Matthew Bershady, Dmitry Bizyaev, Jonathan Brinkmann, Niv Drory, Kathleen Grabowski, Karen Masters, Kaike Pan, John Parejko, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Kai Zhang May 2018

Low Metallicities And Old Ages For Three Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster, Meng Gu, Charlie Conroy, David Law, Pieter Van Dokkum, Renbin Yan, David Wake, Kevin Bundy, Allison Merritt, Roberto Abraham, Jielai Zhang, Matthew Bershady, Dmitry Bizyaev, Jonathan Brinkmann, Niv Drory, Kathleen Grabowski, Karen Masters, Kaike Pan, John Parejko, Anne-Marie Weijmans, Kai Zhang

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

A large population of ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) was recently discovered in the Coma cluster. Here we present optical spectra of three such UDGs, DF 7, DF 44, and DF 17, which have central surface brightnesses of μg ≈ 24.4–25.1 mag arcsec−2. The spectra were acquired as part of an ancillary program within the SDSS-IV MaNGA Survey. We stacked 19 fibers in the central regions from larger integral field units (IFUs) per source. With over 13.5 hr of on-source integration, we achieved a mean signal-to-noise ratio in the optical of 9.5 Å−1, 7.9 ...


Search For Dark Matter Decay Of The Free Neutron From The Ucna Experiment: N → Χ + E+E, X. Sun, E. Adamek, B. Allgeier, M. Blatnik, T. J. Bowles, L. J. Broussard, M. A. -P. Brown, R. Carr, S. Clayton, C. Cude-Woods, S. Currie, E. B. Dees, X. Ding, B. W. Filippone, A. García, P. Geltenbort, S. Hasan, K. P. Hickerson, J. Hoagland, R. Hong, G. E. Hogan, A. T. Holley, T. M. Ito, A. Knecht, C. -Y. Liu, J. Liu, M. Makela, R. Mammei, J. W. Martin, D. Melconian, Sandhya Nepal, Bradley R. Plaster May 2018

Search For Dark Matter Decay Of The Free Neutron From The Ucna Experiment: N → Χ + E+E−, X. Sun, E. Adamek, B. Allgeier, M. Blatnik, T. J. Bowles, L. J. Broussard, M. A. -P. Brown, R. Carr, S. Clayton, C. Cude-Woods, S. Currie, E. B. Dees, X. Ding, B. W. Filippone, A. García, P. Geltenbort, S. Hasan, K. P. Hickerson, J. Hoagland, R. Hong, G. E. Hogan, A. T. Holley, T. M. Ito, A. Knecht, C. -Y. Liu, J. Liu, M. Makela, R. Mammei, J. W. Martin, D. Melconian, Sandhya Nepal, Bradley R. Plaster

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

It has been proposed recently that a previously unobserved neutron decay branch to a dark matter particle (χ) could account for the discrepancy in the neutron lifetime observed in experiments that use two different measurement techniques. One of the possible final states discussed includes a single χ along with an e+e pair. We use data from the UCNA (Ultracold Neutron Asymmetry) experiment to set limits on this decay channel. Coincident electron-like events are detected with ∼4π acceptance using a pair of detectors that observe a volume of stored ultracold neutrons. The summed kinetic energy (Ee+e−) from such ...


Treatment Of Mci And Alzheimer's Disease, Mark A. Lovell, Bert C. Lynn May 2018

Treatment Of Mci And Alzheimer's Disease, Mark A. Lovell, Bert C. Lynn

Chemistry Faculty Patents

The present invention provides, among other things, therapeutic compositions and methods that can effectively treat, slow or prevent a neurological disease (e.g., a neurodegenerative disease, e.g., mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer's disease (AD)), in particular, based on therapeutically effective amount of nifedipine, oxidized or nitroso nifedipine derivatives, lactam (e.g., a compound of formula (Ic) or (Ic-i), e.g., NFD-L1), thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and combinations thereof.


Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations Of Charged Pion Pairs Measured In P↑ + P Collisions At √S = 500 Gev, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran May 2018

Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations Of Charged Pion Pairs Measured In P↑ + P Collisions At √S = 500 Gev, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The transversity distribution, which describes transversely polarized quarks in transversely polarized nucleons, is a fundamental component of the spin structure of the nucleon, and is only loosely constrained by global fits to existing semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) data. In transversely polarized p+ p collisions it can be accessed using transverse polarization dependent fragmentation functions which give rise to azimuthal correlations between the polarization of the struck parton and the final state scalar mesons.

This letter reports on spin dependent di-hadron correlations measured by the STAR experiment. The new dataset corresponds to 25 pb−1 integrated luminosity of p+ p ...


Low-Fat Abiraterone Food Effect Is Of Little Consequence, Jill M. Kolesar, Glenn X. Liu May 2018

Low-Fat Abiraterone Food Effect Is Of Little Consequence, Jill M. Kolesar, Glenn X. Liu

Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.