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Articles 1 - 30 of 2056

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Books Published By Métallurgie Extractive Québec, Fathi Habashi Mar 2018

Books Published By Métallurgie Extractive Québec, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

A condensed catalog of books published by Métallurgie Extractive Québec - - a non-profit publisher devoted to the diffusion of extractive metallurgy literature.


Inventing Around Edison’S Lamp Patent: The Role Of Patents In Stimulating Downstream Development And Competition, Ron D. Katznelson, John Howells Feb 2018

Inventing Around Edison’S Lamp Patent: The Role Of Patents In Stimulating Downstream Development And Competition, Ron D. Katznelson, John Howells

Ron D. Katznelson

We provide the first detailed empirical study of inventing around patent claims. The enforcement of Edison’s incandescent lamp patent in 1891-1894 stimulated a surge of patenting. Most of these later patents disclosed inventions around the Edison patent. Some of these patents introduced important new technology in their own right and became prior art for new fields, indicating that invention around patents contributes to dynamic efficiency. Contrary to widespread contemporary understanding, the Edison lamp patent did not suppress technological advance in electric lighting. The market position of General Electric (“GE”), the Edison patent-owner, weakened through the period of this patent ...


C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Mdc-R-Code 2016 Update, Joseph M. Hilbe Sep 2016

Mdc-R-Code 2016 Update, Joseph M. Hilbe

Joseph M Hilbe

Modeling Count Data: R code for download and use. Most recent update


Addition To Pglr Chap 6, Joseph M. Hilbe Aug 2016

Addition To Pglr Chap 6, Joseph M. Hilbe

Joseph M Hilbe

Addition to Chapter 6 in Practical Guide to Logistic Regression. Added section on Bayesian logistic regression using Stata.


Testing Homogeneity In Semiparametric Mixture Case-Control Models, C Z. Di, G Kc Chan, C Zheng, Ky Liang Jun 2016

Testing Homogeneity In Semiparametric Mixture Case-Control Models, C Z. Di, G Kc Chan, C Zheng, Ky Liang

Chongzhi Di

Recently, Qin and Liang (Biometrics, 2011) considered a semiparametric mixture case-control model and proposed a score test for homogeneity. The mixture model is semiparametric in the sense that the density ratio of two distributions is assumed to be of exponential form, while the baseline density is unspecified. In a family of parametric admixture models, Di and Liang (Biometrics, 2011) showed that the likelihood ratio test statistics, which is equivalent to a supremum statistics, could improve power over score tests. We generalize the likelihood ratio or supremum statistics to the semiparametric mixture model and demonstrate the power gain over the score ...


Hilbe-Pglr-Errata-And-Comments, Joseph M. Hilbe Mar 2016

Hilbe-Pglr-Errata-And-Comments, Joseph M. Hilbe

Joseph M Hilbe

Errata and Comments for Practical Guide to Logistic Regression


The Explicit Form Of Expectation Propagation For A Simple Statistical Model, Andy Sang Il Kim, Matt Wand Feb 2016

The Explicit Form Of Expectation Propagation For A Simple Statistical Model, Andy Sang Il Kim, Matt Wand

Matt Wand

We derive the explicit form of expectation propagation for approximate deterministic Bayesian inference in a simple statistical model. The model corresponds to a random sample from the Normal distribution. The explicit forms, and their derivation, allow a deeper understanding of the issues and challenges involved in practical implementation of expectation propagation for statistical analyses. No auxiliary approximations are used: we follow the expectation propagation prescription exactly. A simulation study shows expectation propagation to be more accurate than mean field variational Bayes for larger sample sizes, but at the cost of considerably more algebraic and computational effort.


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Online Variational Bayes Inference For High-Dimensional Correlated Data, Sylvie T. Kabisa, Jeffrey S. Morris, David Dunson Jan 2016

Online Variational Bayes Inference For High-Dimensional Correlated Data, Sylvie T. Kabisa, Jeffrey S. Morris, David Dunson

Jeffrey S. Morris

High-dimensional data with hundreds of thousands of observations are becoming commonplace in many disciplines. The analysis of such data poses many computational challenges, especially when the observations are correlated over time and/or across space. In this paper we propose exible hierarchical regression models for analyzing such data that accommodate serial and/or spatial correlation. We address the computational challenges involved in fitting these models by adopting an approximate inference framework. We develop an online variational Bayes algorithm that works by incrementally reading the data into memory one portion at a time. The performance of the method is assessed through ...


Functional Car Models For Spatially Correlated Functional Datasets, Lin Zhang, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani, Hongxiao Zhu, Keith A. Baggerly, Tadeusz Majewski, Bogdan Czerniak, Jeffrey S. Morris Jan 2016

Functional Car Models For Spatially Correlated Functional Datasets, Lin Zhang, Veerabhadran Baladandayuthapani, Hongxiao Zhu, Keith A. Baggerly, Tadeusz Majewski, Bogdan Czerniak, Jeffrey S. Morris

Jeffrey S. Morris

We develop a functional conditional autoregressive (CAR) model for spatially correlated data for which functions are collected on areal units of a lattice. Our model performs functional response regression while accounting for spatial correlations with potentially nonseparable and nonstationary covariance structure, in both the space and functional domains. We show theoretically that our construction leads to a CAR model at each functional location, with spatial covariance parameters varying and borrowing strength across the functional domain. Using basis transformation strategies, the nonseparable spatial-functional model is computationally scalable to enormous functional datasets, generalizable to different basis functions, and can be used on ...


Hypothesis Testing For Functional Linear Models, Y-R Su, Cz Di, L Hsu Jan 2016

Hypothesis Testing For Functional Linear Models, Y-R Su, Cz Di, L Hsu

Chongzhi Di

Functional data arise frequently in many biomedical studies, where it is often of interest to investigate the dynamic association between functional predictors and a scalar response variable. While functional linear models (FLM) are widely used to address these questions, hypothesis testing for the functional association in the FLM framework remains challenging. A popular approach to testing the functional effects is through dimension reduction by functional principal component (PC) analysis. However, its power performance depends on the choice of the number of PCs, and is not systematically studied. In this paper, we first investigate the power performance of the Wald-type test ...


Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Ramping Down Chinese Commercial Cyber Espionage, Emilio Iasiello Dec 2015

Ramping Down Chinese Commercial Cyber Espionage, Emilio Iasiello

Emilio Iasiello

While detractors believe that commercial cyber espionage hasn’t really stopped, recent Chinese efforts show a government trying to get a handle on its large spying apparatus that could include hired and independent contractors acting autonomously in addition to its other resources. While complete cessation may never occur, significant timely reduction demonstrates Beijing’s willingness to work with the United States as a partner and not a pariah, and provides a foundation from which the two governments can move forward on other cyber security areas where incongruity persists.


Quasi-Platonic Psl2(Q)-Actions On Closed Riemann Surfaces, Sean A. Broughton Dec 2015

Quasi-Platonic Psl2(Q)-Actions On Closed Riemann Surfaces, Sean A. Broughton

S. Allen Broughton

This paper is the first of two papers whose combined goal is to explore the dessins d'enfant and symmetries of quasi-platonic actions of PSL2(q). A quasi-platonic action of a group G on a closed Riemann S surface is a conformal action for which S/G is a sphere and S->S/G is branched over {0, 1,infinity}. The unit interval in S/G may be lifted to a dessin d'enfant D, an embedded bipartite graph in S. The dessin forms the edges and vertices of a tiling on S by dihedrally symmetric polygons, generalizing the ...


Determination Of The Global Heat Transfer Coefficient Of A Double Heat Exchanger Battery In A Dry Mode., B. Dieng, G. Jaw, A. Kane, I. Diagne, M. Dieng, G. Sissoko Dec 2015

Determination Of The Global Heat Transfer Coefficient Of A Double Heat Exchanger Battery In A Dry Mode., B. Dieng, G. Jaw, A. Kane, I. Diagne, M. Dieng, G. Sissoko

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The cold battery is a heat exchanger between two fluids, air (secondary fluid) and iced water (primary fluid).The cold battery is composed of two heat exchangers in series, one of which is made up of flat-plate in galvanized steel serving as a reservoir for the iced water and the other one a copper shelland-tube exchanger with aluminum cooling blades. The two heat exchangers a connected pipe of the same diameter. These pipes will permit the transit of the iced water coming from the flat-plate exchanger by gravitation towards the tubes of the second exchanger. These two heat exchangers are ...


A Scenario Of Rainfall Erosivity Index Research, D .V. Pandit1, R. K. Isaac2 Dec 2015

A Scenario Of Rainfall Erosivity Index Research, D .V. Pandit1, R. K. Isaac2

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Rainfall erosivity index is an important index to evaluate the soil loss due to rainfall. Rainstorm plays a paramount role in surface sealing, runoff and erosion process. Research on rainfall erosivity index is important in understanding the mechanism of soil erosion processes. This paper gives a scenario on the important research work done by the scientists to evaluate the erosivity index by using various methods and approaches. The aim of this paper was also to highlight that methodology of the scientists which they have used to get the appropriate erosivity index value for their study. The quality and representativeness of ...


Thermal, Spectroscopic And Chromatographic Characterization Of Biofield Energy Treated Benzophenone, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Gunin Saikia, Snehasis Jana Nov 2015

Thermal, Spectroscopic And Chromatographic Characterization Of Biofield Energy Treated Benzophenone, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Gunin Saikia, Snehasis Jana

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the thermal, spectroscopic, and chemical properties of benzophenone. The study was done using various analytical methods such as gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The benzophenone sample was divided into two parts, one part was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment, called as treated and the other part was remained as untreated, called as control. Mass spectra showed the molecular ion peak at m/z = 182 ...


Physicochemical And Spectroscopic Characteristics Of Biofield Treated P-Chlorobenzophenone, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Khemraj Bairwa, Snehasis Jana Nov 2015

Physicochemical And Spectroscopic Characteristics Of Biofield Treated P-Chlorobenzophenone, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Khemraj Bairwa, Snehasis Jana

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

p-Chlorobenzophenone (p-CBP) is the important chemical intermediate used for the synthesis of several pharmaceutical drugs like fenofibrate, cetirizine, alprazolam, and benzodiazepine. The aim of this study was set to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on physicochemical and spectroscopic properties of p-CBP. The study was accomplished in two groups i.e. control and treated. The treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Subsequently, the control and treated samples of p-CBP were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analyzer, surface area analyzer, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis-derivative thermogravimetric analysis (TGA-DTG), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR ...


Digital Wayfinding: A User Study, M Ryan Hess Oct 2015

Digital Wayfinding: A User Study, M Ryan Hess

M Ryan Hess

The DePaul University Richardson Library conducted a study of an interactive, touch-based wayfinding screen in order to determine 1) what specific content needs users desire in digital wayfinding services and 2) are user content needs so broad, a more full-feature experience with access to all library web content would be preferred. The three-phase study included analysis of click analytics data, observations of user interactions and questionnaires targeting user experiences and expectations. The study builds on research at other libraries around point-of-need wayfinding signage and usability of digital information. Phase 1 involved capturing anonymous click analytics of user interactions, over a ...


Blackboard-Based Electronic Warfare System, Jeremy Straub Oct 2015

Blackboard-Based Electronic Warfare System, Jeremy Straub

Jeremy Straub

With internet-connected, SCADA and cyber-physical systems becoming the next battlefield for crime and warfare, technologies for defending and attacking these systems are growing in prevalence. For entities with significant asset collections that are prospectively vulnerable to this type of an attack, autonomous response, retaliation and attack capabilities are necessary to respond to a growing threat from numerous sectors. This paper presents a command and control technique for cyberwarfare based on the Blackboard Architecture. It discusses the utility of this approach and proposes a distributed command system that can run across multiple nodes of various types.


Embアルゴリズムの新たな応用による多重比率補定(高橋将宜), Masayoshi Takahashi Sep 2015

Embアルゴリズムの新たな応用による多重比率補定(高橋将宜), Masayoshi Takahashi

Masayoshi Takahashi

No abstract provided.


Non Parametric Trend Analysis Of Climate Change In Lower Bagmati River Basin In Northern India, M. .P Akhtar, Amrendra Kumar, Deepak Khare Sep 2015

Non Parametric Trend Analysis Of Climate Change In Lower Bagmati River Basin In Northern India, M. .P Akhtar, Amrendra Kumar, Deepak Khare

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

This study is conducted to observe the temporal variability of rainfall and temperature for 102 years (1901- 2002) in the Lower Bagmati River Basin in Northern India. Annual and monsoon rainfall time series is considered to investigate the trend using non parametric methods. Trend in 102 years span indicates reduced basin water potential in


Creep Properties Of Local Variety Of Lime (Lemun Tsami) Under Quasi-Static Loading, Dakogol F. A, Obetta, S. E, Ijabo O. .J Sep 2015

Creep Properties Of Local Variety Of Lime (Lemun Tsami) Under Quasi-Static Loading, Dakogol F. A, Obetta, S. E, Ijabo O. .J

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Local variety of lime (Lemun tsami) was subjected to quasi-static compressive loading using Instron Universal Testing Machine at three levels of time after harvest; freshly harvested, one and two weeks after harvest. Creep parameters were determined by fitting the experimental data to the Burger’s Model and the obtained model equation for freshly harvested was: 𝑱 𝒕 = 𝟏. 𝟖𝟒𝟑 + 𝟐. 𝟓𝟗[ 1 – е (-t/2.933) ]+ 𝒕 𝟏𝟏𝟔𝟎.𝟎𝟗𝟑 , R 2 = 0.98. The instantaneous creep compliance (Jo) was; 1.843, 3.137 and 4.116 1/MPa for freshly harvested, one and two weeks after harvest respectively while the ...


An Intelligent Attitude Determination And Control System Concept For A Cubesat Class Spacecraft, Jeremy Straub Sep 2015

An Intelligent Attitude Determination And Control System Concept For A Cubesat Class Spacecraft, Jeremy Straub

Jeremy Straub

An attitude determination and control system (ADCS) is used to orient a spacecraft for a wide variety of purposes (e.g., to keep a camera facing Earth or orient the spacecraft for propulsion system use). The proposed intelligent ADCS has several key features: first, it can be used in multiple modes, spanning from passive stabilization of two axes and unconstrained spin on a third to three-axis full active stabilization. It also includes electromagnetic components to ‘dump’ spin from the reaction wheels. Second, the ADCS utilizes an incorporated autonomous control algorithm to characterize the effect of actuation of the system components ...


Design And Implementation Of Satellite Software To Facilitate Future Cubesat Development, Timothy Whitney, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Marsh Sep 2015

Design And Implementation Of Satellite Software To Facilitate Future Cubesat Development, Timothy Whitney, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Marsh

Jeremy Straub

The OpenOrbiter project is a campus-wide effort at the University of North Dakota to design and build a low-cost CubeSat-class satellite. The intent is to create a publically- available framework that allows a spacecraft to be built with a parts cost of less than USD $5,000 (excluding mission payload-specific costs). This paper focuses on OpenOrbiter’s software system methodology and implementation.

Current work seeks to create a generalized framework that other CubeSat developers can use directly or alter to suit their mission needs. It discusses OpenOrbiter’s overall design goals with an emphasis on software design. The software architecture ...


Characterization Of Physical, Thermal And Spectral Properties Of Biofield Treated 2, 6-Diaminopyridine, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Rakesh K. Mishra, Snehasis Jana Aug 2015

Characterization Of Physical, Thermal And Spectral Properties Of Biofield Treated 2, 6-Diaminopyridine, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Rakesh K. Mishra, Snehasis Jana

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

2, 6-Diaminopyridine (2, 6-DAP) has extensive use in synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, thermal and spectral properties of 2, 6-DAP. The study was performed in two groups, control and treated. The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treatment group. The control and treated 2, 6-DAP samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), Laser particle size analyzer, surface area analyzer, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and UV-visible spectroscopy. XRD analysis revealed decrease in intensity ...


Cover Crop Biomass Production And Water Use In The Central Great Plains, David C. Nielsen, Drew J. Lyon, Gary W. Hergert, Robert K. Higgins, Johnathon D. Holman Aug 2015

Cover Crop Biomass Production And Water Use In The Central Great Plains, David C. Nielsen, Drew J. Lyon, Gary W. Hergert, Robert K. Higgins, Johnathon D. Holman

David C. Nielsen

The water-limited environment of the semiarid Central Great Plains may not produce enough cover crop biomass to generate benefits associated with cover crop use in more humid regions. There have been reports that cover crops grown in mixtures produce more biomass with greater water use efficiency than single-species plantings. This study was conducted to determine differences in cover crop biomass production, water use efficiency, and residue cover between a mixture and single-species plantings. The study was conducted at Akron, CO, and Sidney, NE, during the 2012 and 2013 growing seasons under both rainfed and irrigated conditions. Water use, biomass, and ...


Software Design For An Intelligent Attitude Determination And Control System, Matthew Russell, Jeremy Straub Aug 2015

Software Design For An Intelligent Attitude Determination And Control System, Matthew Russell, Jeremy Straub

Jeremy Straub

Space exploration and satellite missions often carry equipment that must be accurately pointed towards distant targets, therefore making an effective attitude determination and control system (ADCS) a vital component of almost every spacecraft. However, the effectiveness of the ADCS could decrease drastically if components shift during launch, degrade in efficiency over the course of the mission, or simply fail. Prior work [0] has presented a concept for a adaptive ADCS which can respond to changing spacecraft conditions and environmental factors. This poster presents an implementation for a lazy learning ADCS is presented that uses past maneuver data to construct and ...