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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Smart Contract Vulnerabilities On The Ethereum Blockchain: A Current Perspective, Daniel Steven Connelly May 2020

Smart Contract Vulnerabilities On The Ethereum Blockchain: A Current Perspective, Daniel Steven Connelly

Dissertations and Theses

Ethereum is a unique offshoot of blockchain technologies that incorporates the use of what are called smart contracts or DApps -- small-sized programs that orchestrate financial transactions on the Ethereum blockchain. With this fairly new paradigm in blockchain, however, comes a host of security concerns and a track record that reveals a history of losses in the range of millions of dollars. Since Ethereum is a decentralized entity, these concerns are not allayed as they are in typical financial institutions. For example, there is no Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to back the investors of these contracts from financial loss as ...


Analytical Results For The Three-Body Radiative Attachment Rate Coefficient, With Application To The Positive Antihydrogen Ion H¯+, Jack C. Straton Apr 2020

Analytical Results For The Three-Body Radiative Attachment Rate Coefficient, With Application To The Positive Antihydrogen Ion H¯+, Jack C. Straton

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

To overcome the numerical difficulties inherent in the Maxwell–Boltzmann integral of the velocity-weighted cross section that gives the radiative attachment rate coefficient αRA for producing the negative hydrogen ion H or its antimatter equivalent, the positive antihydrogen ion H¯+ , we found the analytic form for this integral. This procedure is useful for temperatures below 700 K, the region for which the production of H¯+ has potential use as an intermediate stage in the cooling of antihydrogen to ultra-cold (sub-mK) temperatures for spectroscopic studies and probing the gravitational interaction of the anti-atom. Our results, utilizing a 50-term explicitly correlated exponential ...


An Analysis Of The Reactivation Potential Of A Deep-Seated Landslide In The Oregon Coast Range Under Varying Hydrologic Conditions With Seismic Triggering, Emily E. Smoot Apr 2020

An Analysis Of The Reactivation Potential Of A Deep-Seated Landslide In The Oregon Coast Range Under Varying Hydrologic Conditions With Seismic Triggering, Emily E. Smoot

Anthós

Landslides can occur in many locations across the world and have the potential to be extremely destructive if failures occur near populated areas. Failures are most likely to occur on slopes that have already experienced numerous failures. This means they are a considerable hazard, and the risk involved with building in areas that have previously experienced landslides should be adequately understood. This study examines the reactivation potential of a deep-seated landslide located in the Oregon Coast Range. The analysis of this landslide included creating a map of the surface morphology and computing the factor of safety for the deposit using ...


Water 4.0, Arthur Preston Apr 2020

Water 4.0, Arthur Preston

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Annual Conference

A review of local drinking water quality/technologies, and strategies to improve water quality using emerging next generation technology.


A Hybrid Lipid Membrane Coating “Shape-Locks” Silver Nanoparticles To Prevent Surface Oxidation And Silver Ion Dissolution, Thomas J. Miesen, Arek M. Engstrom, Dane C. Frost, Ramya Ajjarapu, Rohan Ajjarapu, Citlali Nieves Lira, Marilyn R. Mackiewicz Apr 2020

A Hybrid Lipid Membrane Coating “Shape-Locks” Silver Nanoparticles To Prevent Surface Oxidation And Silver Ion Dissolution, Thomas J. Miesen, Arek M. Engstrom, Dane C. Frost, Ramya Ajjarapu, Rohan Ajjarapu, Citlali Nieves Lira, Marilyn R. Mackiewicz

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

The controlled synthesis of stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), that do not undergo surface oxidation and Ag+ ion dissolution, continues to be a major challenge. Here the synthesis of robust hybrid lipid-coated AgNPs, comprised of L-α-phosphatidylcholine (PC) membranes anchored by a stoichiometric amount of long-chained hydrophobic thiols and sodium oleate (SOA) as hydrophobic binding partners, that do not undergo surface oxidation and Ag+ ion dissolution, is described. UV-Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) demonstrate that in the presence of strong oxidants, such as potassium cyanide (KCN), the hybrid lipid-coated AgNPs are stable and ...


Extensible Performance-Aware Runtime Integrity Measurement, Brian G. Delgado Mar 2020

Extensible Performance-Aware Runtime Integrity Measurement, Brian G. Delgado

Dissertations and Theses

Today's interconnected world consists of a broad set of online activities including banking, shopping, managing health records, and social media while relying heavily on servers to manage extensive sets of data. However, stealthy rootkit attacks on this infrastructure have placed these servers at risk. Security researchers have proposed using an existing x86 CPU mode called System Management Mode (SMM) to search for rootkits from a hardware-protected, isolated, and privileged location. SMM has broad visibility into operating system resources including memory regions and CPU registers. However, the use of SMM for runtime integrity measurement mechanisms (SMM-RIMMs) would significantly expand the ...


Tending The Fire: Wildfire Risk Management At The Interface, Cody Randolph Evers Mar 2020

Tending The Fire: Wildfire Risk Management At The Interface, Cody Randolph Evers

Dissertations and Theses

Escalating loss from wildfire in the American West has made clear the need to rethink wildfire risk, including how such risks result from the unique interaction of social and natural dynamics within the wildland urban interface. Unfortunately, techniques for studying these interactions remain limited. The intent of this research is to address this gap. In each of four chapters, I examine different aspects of wildfire risk management through a coupled human-natural lens. I document how wildfire activity has shifted over three decades across forest and shrubland systems in the western US and connect these changes to the simultaneous growth in ...


Balancing Security, Performance And Deployability In Encrypted Search, David Joel Pouliot Mar 2020

Balancing Security, Performance And Deployability In Encrypted Search, David Joel Pouliot

Dissertations and Theses

Encryption is an important tool for protecting data, especially data stored in the cloud. However, standard encryption techniques prevent efficient search. Searchable encryption attempts to solve this issue, protecting the data while still providing search functionality. Retaining the ability to search comes at a cost of security, performance and/or utility.

An important practical aspect of utility is compatibility with legacy systems. Unfortunately, the efficient searchable encryption constructions that are compatible with these systems have been proven vulnerable to attack, even against weaker adversary models.

The goal of this work is to address this security problem inherent with efficient, legacy ...


Sensitivity Diagnostics And Adaptive Tuning Of The Multivariate Stochastic Volatility Model, Sebastian Baldivieso Feb 2020

Sensitivity Diagnostics And Adaptive Tuning Of The Multivariate Stochastic Volatility Model, Sebastian Baldivieso

Dissertations and Theses

New methodologies for diagnostic analysis and adaptive tuning based on sensitivity information of the Multivariate Stochastic Volatility (MSV) model are established in this dissertation. The main focus is on obtaining optimal conditional volatilities from a time series set of financial data observed in the market by specifying a State-Space model with error covariance adaptive tuning of the MSV model. Variational Data Assimilation methods are used in this research as tools for obtaining the optimal a posteriori estimates of the multivariate series of volatilities. Calculus of Variations techniques are then applied to a forecast score function to derive the sensitivities of ...


Modeling Post-Fire Successional Trajectories Under Climate Change In Interior Alaska Using Landis Ii, Shelby A. Weiss Feb 2020

Modeling Post-Fire Successional Trajectories Under Climate Change In Interior Alaska Using Landis Ii, Shelby A. Weiss

Systems Science Friday Noon Seminar Series

Alaska boreal forest ecosystems are experiencing a greater frequency of wildfire relative to the region’s historic fire regime. These increases in fire frequency, as well as annual burned area, increase the probability of forests re-burning within shorter intervals than were experienced historically. Such changes to the fire regime have the potential to shift successional trajectories in this ecosystem. To better understand potential changes in vegetation composition following short-interval, repeat fires, we are using LANDIS-II, a forest landscape model, to simulate changes in forest composition in response to climate change and increasing fire frequency. This seminar will include a description ...


Groomed Jet Mass At High Precision, Adam Kardos, Andrew J. Larkoski, Zoltán Trócsányi Feb 2020

Groomed Jet Mass At High Precision, Adam Kardos, Andrew J. Larkoski, Zoltán Trócsányi

Portland Institute for Computational Science Publications

We present predictions of the distribution of groomed heavy jet mass in electron-positron collisions at the next-to-next-to-leading order accuracy matched with the resummation of large logarithms to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. Resummation at this accuracy is possible through extraction of necessary two-loop constants and three-loop anomalous dimensions from fixed-order codes.


Two- And Three-Loop Data For Groomed Jet Mass, Adam Kardos, Andrew J. Larkoski, Zoltán Trócsányi Feb 2020

Two- And Three-Loop Data For Groomed Jet Mass, Adam Kardos, Andrew J. Larkoski, Zoltán Trócsányi

Portland Institute for Computational Science Publications

We discuss the status of resummation of large logarithmic contributions to groomed event shapes of hadronic final states in electron-positron annihilation. We identify the missing ingredients needed for next-to-next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic (NNNLL) resummation of the mMDT groomed jet mass in e+e collisions: the low-scale collinear-soft constants at two-loop accuracy, c(2)Sc, and the three-loop non-cusp anomalous dimension of the global soft function, γ(2)S. We present a method for extracting those constants using fixed-order codes: the EVENT2 program to obtain the color coefficients of c(2)Sc, and MCCSM for extracting γ(2)S. We present all necessary ...


Reshuffling The Columbia River Basalt Chronology — Picture Gorge Basalt, The Earliest- And Longest-Erupting Formation, Emily B. Cahoon, Martin J. Streck, Anthony A.P. Koppers, Daniel P. Miggins Jan 2020

Reshuffling The Columbia River Basalt Chronology — Picture Gorge Basalt, The Earliest- And Longest-Erupting Formation, Emily B. Cahoon, Martin J. Streck, Anthony A.P. Koppers, Daniel P. Miggins

Geology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) is the world’s youngest continental flood basalt province, presumably sourced from the deep-seated plume that currently resides underneath Yellowstone National Park in the northwestern United States. The earliest-erupted basalts from this province aid in understanding and modeling plume impingement and the subsequent evolution of basaltic volcanism. We explore the Picture Gorge Basalt (PGB) formation of the CRBG, and discuss the location and geochemical significance in a temporal context of early CRBG magmatism. We report new ARGUS-VI multicollector 40Ar/39Ar incremental heating ages from known PGB localities and additional outcrops that we can geochemically ...


Before And After The Storm: Interactions Between Tree-Fall Canopy Gaps, Plant Phenology, And Frugivorous Lemurs In Masoala National Park, Madagascar, Monica Sue Mogilewsky Jan 2020

Before And After The Storm: Interactions Between Tree-Fall Canopy Gaps, Plant Phenology, And Frugivorous Lemurs In Masoala National Park, Madagascar, Monica Sue Mogilewsky

Dissertations and Theses

Madagascar is one of Earth's top biodiversity hotspots, with 80% of life on the island considered endemic. Among the endemic species are lemurs, a diverse group of non-human primates. Unfortunately, Madagascar's diversity, including lemurs, is threatened by habitat degradation and loss. Despite intense anthropogenic pressure over the past 50 years, scientists have not detected any lemur extinctions during this period. Some researchers have proposed that lemurs' adaptations to natural disturbances have provided these taxa resiliency against anthropogenic disturbances. Certainly, Madagascar experiences an extreme disturbance regime: the island experiences an average of over three cyclones a year. These cyclones ...


Pine Rosin As A Toxic Cannabis Extract Adulterant, Jiries Meehan-Attrash, Robert Strongin Jan 2020

Pine Rosin As A Toxic Cannabis Extract Adulterant, Jiries Meehan-Attrash, Robert Strongin

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Pine rosin (colophony) has been identified as a new adulterant in cannabis oil. Its inhalation toxicity poses a significant health concern to users. For example, pine rosin fumes are released during soldering, and have been cited as a causative agent of occupational asthma. Symptoms also include desquamation of bronchial epithelium, which has also been observed in EVALI patients. The sample analyzed herein was acquired from a cannabis industry source, also contains medium chain triglycerides and oleamide, the latter of which is a hypnotic that is commonly found in the synthetic marijuana product Spice, or K2. A combination of NMR and ...


Modeling Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Pm2.5 At The Sub-Neighborhood Scale Using Low-Cost Sensor Networks, Philip Jeffrey Orlando Jan 2020

Modeling Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Pm2.5 At The Sub-Neighborhood Scale Using Low-Cost Sensor Networks, Philip Jeffrey Orlando

Dissertations and Theses

Epidemiological research has demonstrated an adverse relationship between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and human health. While PM2.5 continues to pose a significant global health risk, there is still the need to further characterize exposures at the intra-urban scale. Land use regression is a statistical modeling technique which is used to predict air pollution concentrations at high resolution from a limited number of monitoring sites. However, the existing regulatory monitoring networks are typically not dense enough to apply these techniques. We explored the potential of using low-cost PM2.5 sensor networks to overcome the limitations of ...


Statistical Analysis Of Social Network Change, Teresa D. Schmidt Jan 2020

Statistical Analysis Of Social Network Change, Teresa D. Schmidt

Systems Science Friday Noon Seminar Series

We explore two statistical methods that infer social network structures and statistically test those structures for change over time: regression-based differential network analysis (R-DNA) and information theory-based differential network analysis (I-DNA). RDNA is adapted from bioinformatics and I-DNA employs reconstructability analysis. Both methods are used to analyze Medicaid claims data from one-year periods before and after the formation of the Health Share of Oregon Coordinated Care Organization (CCO). We hypothesized that Health Share’s CCO formation would be followed by several changes in the healthcare delivery network.

Application of R-DNA and I-DNA to claims data involves three steps: (a) the ...


Geochemical Response To Thermal Energy Storage In The Columbia River Basalt Aquifer System Beneath The Portland Basin, Oregon, Ellen Elizabeth Svadlenak Jan 2020

Geochemical Response To Thermal Energy Storage In The Columbia River Basalt Aquifer System Beneath The Portland Basin, Oregon, Ellen Elizabeth Svadlenak

Dissertations and Theses

Deep direct use thermal energy storage (TES) is a low carbon emission method of geothermal energy storage and supply for large-scale residential, commercial, and manufacturing heating and cooling. The process entails repeated cycles of hot- or cold-water injection, storage, and extraction from slow groundwater flow zones within the deeper layers of an aquifer system. Though a promising technology, TES cycles may increase mineral dissolution and precipitation reactions, particularly at elevated temperatures. The ensuing mass transfer can form scale in heat exchange systems and alter aquifer porosity and permeability, processes that can reduce the operational efficiency of a TES system.

Within ...


Glacial Meltwater Modeling To Simulate Lake Water Budget (1996-2013) In Taylor Valley, Antarctica, Julian Michael Cross Jan 2020

Glacial Meltwater Modeling To Simulate Lake Water Budget (1996-2013) In Taylor Valley, Antarctica, Julian Michael Cross

Dissertations and Theses

The McMurdo Dry Valleys (MDV), the largest ice-free region (4,500 km2) in Antarctica, are a polar desert with an average annual temperature of -18ºC. In Taylor Valley, one of the MDV, closed-basin, perennially ice-covered lakes occupy the valley floor. Their water balance is controlled by inflow from glacial meltwater runoff and loss due to sublimation, making them sensitive indicators of climate. In this study, a physically-based model of glacier meltwater and lake ice sublimation is adapted to explain modern (1996 to 2013) lake-level variations. Meltwater model results were improved by the inclusion of MODIS remotely-sensed albedo measurements (E ...


A Quantum Algorithm For Automata Encoding, Edison Tsai, Marek Perkowski Jan 2020

A Quantum Algorithm For Automata Encoding, Edison Tsai, Marek Perkowski

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Encoding of finite automata or state machines is critical to modern digital logic design methods for sequential circuits. Encoding is the process of assigning to every state, input value, and output value of a state machine a binary string, which is used to represent that state, input value, or output value in digital logic. Usually, one wishes to choose an encoding that, when the state machine is implemented as a digital logic circuit, will optimize some aspect of that circuit. For instance, one might wish to encode in such a way as to minimize power dissipation or silicon area. For ...


Predicting Densities And Elastic Moduli Of Sio2-Based Glasses By Machine Learning, Yong-Jie Hu, Ge Zhao, Mingfei Zhang, Bin Bin, Tyler Del Rose, Qian Zhao, Qan Zu, Yang Chen, Xuekun Sun, Maarten De Jong, Multiple Additional Authors Jan 2020

Predicting Densities And Elastic Moduli Of Sio2-Based Glasses By Machine Learning, Yong-Jie Hu, Ge Zhao, Mingfei Zhang, Bin Bin, Tyler Del Rose, Qian Zhao, Qan Zu, Yang Chen, Xuekun Sun, Maarten De Jong, Multiple Additional Authors

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Chemical design of SiO2-based glasses with high elastic moduli and low weight is of great interest. However, it is difficult to find a universal expression to predict the elastic moduli according to the glass composition before synthesis since the elastic moduli are a complex function of interatomic bonds and their ordering at different length scales. Here we show that the densities and elastic moduli of SiO2-based glasses can be efficiently predicted by machine learning (ML) techniques across a complex compositional space with multiple (>10) types of additive oxides besides SiO2. Our machine learning approach relies on a training set generated ...


Microplastics In Aquatic Organisms: Improving Understanding And Identifying Research Directions For The Next Decade, Elise F. Granek, Susanne Brander, E. B. Holland Jan 2020

Microplastics In Aquatic Organisms: Improving Understanding And Identifying Research Directions For The Next Decade, Elise F. Granek, Susanne Brander, E. B. Holland

Environmental Science and Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The study of environmental microplastics has increased over the past decade, with hundreds of new studies and resultant papers on the presence, fate, and sources of microplastics in marine and freshwater systems (Fig. 1). Despite the explosion of interest in the topic and in comparison to the research on the presence of microplastics in marine or fresh waters, there have been notably fewer studies on the extent to which these debris items are ingested by aquatic organisms and far fewer on the potential consequences, or response to their presence in organismal guts, tissues, and food webs. Even less research has ...


Examining The Complex Relationship Between Innovation And Regulation Through A Survey Of Wastewater Utility Managers, Luke Sherman, Alida Cantor, Anita Milman, Michael Kiparsky Jan 2020

Examining The Complex Relationship Between Innovation And Regulation Through A Survey Of Wastewater Utility Managers, Luke Sherman, Alida Cantor, Anita Milman, Michael Kiparsky

Geography Faculty Publications and Presentations

Despite pressures to increase performance and decrease costs, innovation has been slow to emerge in the municipal wastewater sector. The relationship between regulation and innovation in this sector is a particularly interesting aspect of this conundrum, given the degree to which public utility decision-making is influenced by regulation. Using a national survey, this paper examines US wastewater utility managers’ perceptions of how regulation influences the adoption of new technologies. Recognizing that the relationship between innovation and regulation is complex, we develop the concept of regulation as multifaceted and examine three interrelated aspects of regulation: (1) regulatory requirements, (2) regulators and ...


Boron Trifluoride Etherate Promoted Microwave Assisted Synthesis Of Antimalarial Acridones, Papireddy Kancharla, Rozalia A. Dodean, Yuexin Li, Jane X. Kelly Jan 2020

Boron Trifluoride Etherate Promoted Microwave Assisted Synthesis Of Antimalarial Acridones, Papireddy Kancharla, Rozalia A. Dodean, Yuexin Li, Jane X. Kelly

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

A microwave-assisted, rapid and efficient method using boron trifluoride etherate (BF3.Et2O) for the synthesis of acridones, via an intramolecular acylation of N-phenylanthranilic acid derivatives, has been developed. The reaction proceeds under solvent-free conditions, tolerates a wide range of functional groups, and provides rapid access to a range of acridones in good to excellent yields. Several of the synthesized acridones exhibited potent antimalarial activities against CQ sensitive and multi-drug resistant (MDR) parasites.


Dropsonde Observations Of The Ageostrophy Within The Pre-Cold-Frontal Low-Level Jet Associated With Atmospheric Rivers, Rueben Demirdgian, Joel R. Norris, Andrew Martin, F. Martin Ralph Jan 2020

Dropsonde Observations Of The Ageostrophy Within The Pre-Cold-Frontal Low-Level Jet Associated With Atmospheric Rivers, Rueben Demirdgian, Joel R. Norris, Andrew Martin, F. Martin Ralph

Geography Faculty Publications and Presentations

The pre-cold-frontal low-level jet (LLJ) is an important contributor for water vapor transport within atmospheric rivers, though its dynamics are not completely understood. The present study investigates the LLJ using dropsonde observations from 24 cross-atmospheric river transects taken during the CalWater-2014, 2015 and the AR-Recon 2016, 2018 field campaigns. It is found that the LLJ, located at ;1-km elevation ahead of the cold front, has an average maximum wind speed of 30ms21 and is strongly supergeostrophic with an average ageostrophic component of 6ms21. The alongfront ageostrophy occurs within the atmospheric layer (750–1250 m) known to strongly control orographic precipitation ...


Chronic Chemogenetic Stimulation Of The Nucleus Accumbens Produces Lasting Reductions In Binge Drinking And Ameliorates Alcohol-Related Morphological And Transcriptional Changes, Dar'ya Y. Pozhidayeva, Sean Farris, Calla Goeke, Evan Firsick, Kayla G. Townsley, Marina Guizzetti, Angela Ozburn Jan 2020

Chronic Chemogenetic Stimulation Of The Nucleus Accumbens Produces Lasting Reductions In Binge Drinking And Ameliorates Alcohol-Related Morphological And Transcriptional Changes, Dar'ya Y. Pozhidayeva, Sean Farris, Calla Goeke, Evan Firsick, Kayla G. Townsley, Marina Guizzetti, Angela Ozburn

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Binge drinking is a dangerous pattern of behavior. We tested whether chronically manipulating nucleus accumbens (NAc) activity (via clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) and Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADD)) could produce lasting eects on ethanol binge-like drinking in mice selectively bred to drink to intoxication. We found chronically increasing NAc activity (4 weeks, via CNO and the excitatory DREADD, hM3Dq) decreased binge-like drinking, but did not observe CNO-induced changes in drinking with the inhibitory DREADD, hM4Di. The CNO/hM3Dq-induced reduction in ethanol drinking persisted for at least one week, suggesting adaptive neuroplasticity via transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms. Therefore, we defined ...


Daily Stream Samples Reveal Highly Complex Pesticide Occurrence And Potential Toxicity To Aquatic Life, Julia E. Norman, Barbara J. Mahler, Lisa H. Nowell, Peter C. Van Metre, Mark W. Sandstrom, Mark A. Corbin, Yaorong Qian, James F. Pankow, Wentai Luo, Nicholas B. Fitzgerald, Multiple Additional Authors Jan 2020

Daily Stream Samples Reveal Highly Complex Pesticide Occurrence And Potential Toxicity To Aquatic Life, Julia E. Norman, Barbara J. Mahler, Lisa H. Nowell, Peter C. Van Metre, Mark W. Sandstrom, Mark A. Corbin, Yaorong Qian, James F. Pankow, Wentai Luo, Nicholas B. Fitzgerald, Multiple Additional Authors

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Transient, acutely toxic concentrations of pesticides in streams can go undetected by fixed-interval sampling programs. Here we compare temporal patterns in occurrence of current-use pesticides in daily composite samples to those in weekly composite and weekly discrete samples of surface water from 14 small stream sites. Samples were collected over 10–14 weeks at 7 stream sites in each of the Midwestern and Southeastern United States. Samples were analyzed for over 200 pesticides and degradates by direct aqueous injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Nearly 2 and 3 times as many unique pesticides were detected in daily samples as ...


Quantitative And Qualitative Approaches To Assess Tree Vigor And Stand Health In Dry Pine Forests, Nancy Grulke, Craig Bienz, Kate Hrinkevich, Jason Maxfield, Kellie Uyeda Jan 2020

Quantitative And Qualitative Approaches To Assess Tree Vigor And Stand Health In Dry Pine Forests, Nancy Grulke, Craig Bienz, Kate Hrinkevich, Jason Maxfield, Kellie Uyeda

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Despite a critical need to evaluate effectiveness of forest treatments in improving stand health, practitioners lack quantitative, repeatable metrics to assess tree vigor and stand health. We evaluated canopy and whole tree attributes of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. Ex Laws) related to carbon balance, water balance, and susceptibility to insects and pathogens in dry, pine-dominated forest stands during a multi-year drought, an environmental challenge to stand resilience. Metrics of trees in two unmanaged, and seven treated forested stands, in both uplands and lowlands to develop the quantitative approach. Whole tree and crown attributes including needle length and color, branchlet ...


Onset And Cause Of Increased Seismic Activity Near Pecos, West Texas, United States, From Observations At The Lajitas Txar Seismic Array, Clive Frohlich, Chris Hayward, Julia Rosenblit, Chastity Aiken, Peter Henning, Alexandros Savvaidis, Casee Lemons, Elizabeth Horne, Multiple Additional Authors Jan 2020

Onset And Cause Of Increased Seismic Activity Near Pecos, West Texas, United States, From Observations At The Lajitas Txar Seismic Array, Clive Frohlich, Chris Hayward, Julia Rosenblit, Chastity Aiken, Peter Henning, Alexandros Savvaidis, Casee Lemons, Elizabeth Horne, Multiple Additional Authors

Geology Faculty Publications and Presentations

In recent years, numerous small earthquakes have occurred near the town of Pecos in West Texas; however, when this activity began and whether it was caused by increased petroleum industry activity has been uncertain because prior to 2017 there were few permanent seismograph stations in the region. We identify and locate earthquakes using data recorded since 2000 at TXAR, a sensitive 10‐station seismic array situated about 240 km south of Pecos. We thus show that in 2007, one earthquake occurred near Pecos, in 2009 several more occurred, and subsequently, activity has increased considerably, with more than 2000 events identified ...


Fire And Land Cover Change In The Palouse Prairie–Forest Ecotone, Washington And Idaho, Usa, Penelope Morgan, Emily K. Heyerdahl, Eva K. Strand, Stephen C. Bunting, James P. Riser Ii, John T. Abatzoglou, Max Nielsen-Pincus, Mara Johnson Jan 2020

Fire And Land Cover Change In The Palouse Prairie–Forest Ecotone, Washington And Idaho, Usa, Penelope Morgan, Emily K. Heyerdahl, Eva K. Strand, Stephen C. Bunting, James P. Riser Ii, John T. Abatzoglou, Max Nielsen-Pincus, Mara Johnson

Environmental Science and Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Prairie–forest ecotones are ecologically important for biodiversity and ecological processes. While these ecotones cover small areas, their sharp gradients in land cover promote rich ecological interaction and high conservation value. Our objective was to understand how historical and current fire occurrences and human development influenced the Palouse Prairie–forest ecotone. We used General Land Office survey field notes about the occurrence of bearing trees to locate historical (1870s to 1880s) prairie, pine savanna, and forest at the eastern edge of the bioregion. We combined LANDFIRE Existing Vegetation classes to contrast historical land cover with current land cover. We ...