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Articles 1 - 30 of 2296

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

An Airlifted Tidal Mesocosm For Oil Degradation Studies, Daniel Christopher Alt Jan 2019

An Airlifted Tidal Mesocosm For Oil Degradation Studies, Daniel Christopher Alt

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Mesocosms were constructed to allow scientists to isolate variables in a microtidal marsh environment, mimicking the natural conditions found in Terrebonne Bay. The control offered by these mesocosms is given by a process control system that takes user inputs and automates water movement. Twelve mesocosms were constructed, each holding 4.02 m3 (142 ft3) of marsh soil and 3.88 m3 (137 ft3) of water to give 3 experimental levels and a control, all in triplicate.

Each mesocosms that was constructed contained marsh plants in soil plugs 9 feet in diameter and 3 feet deep. These ...


Atomic Force Microscopy Tip-Enhanced Laser Ablation, Fan Cao Jan 2019

Atomic Force Microscopy Tip-Enhanced Laser Ablation, Fan Cao

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In the present work, an apertureless atomic force microscope (AFM) tip-enhanced laser ablation (TELA) system was developed and investigated. An AFM was coupled to an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) wavelength tunable laser for sample ablation with a submicron sampling size. The AFM was used to image the surface and hold the AFM tip 10 nm above the sample surface. The AFM tip is coated with a layer of gold with a thickness of 35 nm. The incident laser wavelength was tuned in the visible and near-infrared (IR) region and focused on the AFM tip. With the tip-enhancement effect, ablation craters ...


Composition Of Gaussian Noises From Successive Convex Integrations, Amites Dasgupta Jan 2019

Composition Of Gaussian Noises From Successive Convex Integrations, Amites Dasgupta

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Random Matrices, Continuous Circular Systems And The Triangular Operator, Romuald Lenczewski Jan 2019

Random Matrices, Continuous Circular Systems And The Triangular Operator, Romuald Lenczewski

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Generalized Stochastic Burgers' Equation With Non-Lipschitz Diffusion Coefficient, Vivek Kumar, Ankik Kumar Giri Jan 2019

Generalized Stochastic Burgers' Equation With Non-Lipschitz Diffusion Coefficient, Vivek Kumar, Ankik Kumar Giri

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Global Strong Solutions Of The Stochastic Three Dimensional Inviscid Simplified Bardina Turbulence Model, Manil T. Mohan Jan 2019

Global Strong Solutions Of The Stochastic Three Dimensional Inviscid Simplified Bardina Turbulence Model, Manil T. Mohan

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Limiting Means For Spherical Slices, Amy Peterson, Ambar Sengupta Jan 2019

Limiting Means For Spherical Slices, Amy Peterson, Ambar Sengupta

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Normally Ordered Disentanglement Of Multi-Dimensional Schrödinger Algebra Exponentials, Luigi Accardi, Andreas Boukas Jan 2019

Normally Ordered Disentanglement Of Multi-Dimensional Schrödinger Algebra Exponentials, Luigi Accardi, Andreas Boukas

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Exponential Inequalities For Exit Times For Stochastic Navier-Stokes Equations And A Class Of Evolutions, Po-Han Hsu, Padamanbhan Sundar Jan 2019

Exponential Inequalities For Exit Times For Stochastic Navier-Stokes Equations And A Class Of Evolutions, Po-Han Hsu, Padamanbhan Sundar

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Predicting Post-Procedural Complications Using Neural Networks On Mimic-Iii Data, Namratha Mohan Dec 2018

Predicting Post-Procedural Complications Using Neural Networks On Mimic-Iii Data, Namratha Mohan

LSU Master's Theses

The primary focus of this paper is the creation of a Machine Learning based algorithm for the analysis of large health based data sets. Our input was extracted from MIMIC-III, a large Health Record database of more than 40,000 patients. The main question was to predict if a patient will have complications during certain specified procedures performed in the hospital. These events are denoted by the icd9 code 996 in the individuals' health record. The output of our predictive model is a binary variable which outputs the value 1 if the patient is diagnosed with the specific complication or ...


Singularity Resolution In Anisotropic And Black Hole Spacetimes In Loop Quantum Cosmology, Sahil Saini Dec 2018

Singularity Resolution In Anisotropic And Black Hole Spacetimes In Loop Quantum Cosmology, Sahil Saini

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Loop quantum cosmology (LQC) has in recent years led to successful resolution of singularities in cosmological models while agreeing with general relativity in low curvature limit. Existence of a bounce and the possibility of an effective continuum description closely approximating the quantum evolution have been notable features of this singularity resolution. The effective spacetimes of loop quantized isotropic and Bianchi-I models have been shown to be geodesically complete and free from strong singularities. In this dissertation, we extend these results to effective loop quantized Bianchi-II, Bianchi-IX and Kantowski--Sachs models with arbitrary minimally coupled matter, and also explore the possibility of ...


High-Throughput Assessment Of A Novel, Thiol-Acrylate Hydrogel For Tumor Spheroid Synthesis In A Microfluidic Device, Nathan Daniel Kersker Nov 2018

High-Throughput Assessment Of A Novel, Thiol-Acrylate Hydrogel For Tumor Spheroid Synthesis In A Microfluidic Device, Nathan Daniel Kersker

LSU Master's Theses

The extracellular environment plays an important role in regulating cell behavior. The mechanical, structural, and compositional properties of the extracellular matrix can determine the fate of the growing cells. Standard two-dimensional culturing in a flask fails to represent a native cellular environment. To create the native environment suitable for cells, hydrogels were previously studied. One of the most extensively studied synthetic hydrogels was a poly(ethylene glycol diacrylate) (PEGDA) hydrogel. However, the need for UV polymerization may introduce unwanted changes in cell morphology and viability. The hydrogel being proposed was a form of a thiol-acrylate hydrogel that can eliminate this ...


The Effects Of Pressure And Magnetic Field On Phase Transitions And Related Physical Properties In Solid State Caloric Materials, Ahmad Ikhwan Us Saleheen Nov 2018

The Effects Of Pressure And Magnetic Field On Phase Transitions And Related Physical Properties In Solid State Caloric Materials, Ahmad Ikhwan Us Saleheen

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Solid-state caloric effects, such as the magnetocaloric (MCE) and barocaloric (BCE) effects, may be utilized in future cooling technologies that are more efficient and environment-friendly. Large caloric effects often occur near phase transitions, especially near coupled first-order magnetostructural transitions (MST), and are initiated by external parameters, such as magnetic field or hydrostatic pressure. In this dissertation, the effects of pressure, temperature, and magnetic field on the phase transitions in three material systems are studied in order to elucidate how the respective caloric effects are affected.

In the first study, the realization of a coupled MST in a MnNiSi-based system through ...


Beam Theory For Classical And Quantum Nonlinear Optics---Exposing Classical And Quantum Correlations Of Transverse-Spatial Modes, Robert Nicholas Lanning Oct 2018

Beam Theory For Classical And Quantum Nonlinear Optics---Exposing Classical And Quantum Correlations Of Transverse-Spatial Modes, Robert Nicholas Lanning

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Optics is arguably the most important branch of physics that has ever been studied. It is not only an essential ingredient of many other branches of physics that we study, it governs how we see, how we measure, and how we communicate in the modern world. And as the world continues to change, so do our tools and resources. In a relatively short amount of time, we have progressed from rudimentary tools that shape the world around us, to tools that harness the fundamental laws of nature. Unsurprisingly, the laws of nature governing optics remain paramount. This is because many ...


Longitudinal Study Of The Attitudes And Behaviors Of Environmental Education Program Participants., Kasie R. Dugas Oct 2018

Longitudinal Study Of The Attitudes And Behaviors Of Environmental Education Program Participants., Kasie R. Dugas

LSU Master's Theses

The goal of this longitudinal study was to measure the attitudes and behaviors of participants of the Marsh Maneuvers program over the course of the last 25 years. The goal of the Marsh Maneuvers program is to educate students into becoming environmentally literate adults. Environmental literacy is considered herein to be people possessing knowledge about and positive attitudes and behaviors towards the environment. Although students learn basic science and environmental knowledge in the classroom, true environmental literacy is believed to require more hands-on understanding of the material. To evaluate the effectiveness of the program, the following three objectives were completed ...


Effective Visualization Approaches For Ultra-High Dimensional Datasets, Gurminder Kaur Oct 2018

Effective Visualization Approaches For Ultra-High Dimensional Datasets, Gurminder Kaur

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Multivariate informational data, which are abstract as well as complex, are becoming increasingly common in many areas such as scientific, medical, social, business, and so on. Displaying and analyzing large amounts of multivariate data with more than three variables of different types is quite challenging. Visualization of such multivariate data suffers from a high degree of clutter when the numbers of dimensions/variables and data observations become too large. We propose multiple approaches to effectively visualize large datasets of ultrahigh number of dimensions by generalizing two standard multivariate visualization methods, namely star plot and parallel coordinates plot. We refine three ...


Observation Of High-Energy Gamma-Rays With The Calorimetric Electron Telescope (Calet) On-Board The International Space Station, Nicholas Wade Cannady Oct 2018

Observation Of High-Energy Gamma-Rays With The Calorimetric Electron Telescope (Calet) On-Board The International Space Station, Nicholas Wade Cannady

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) is a multi-instrument high-energy astrophysics observatory deployed to the International Space Station (ISS) in August 2015. The primary instrument is the calorimeter (CAL), which is intended for measurement of the cosmic ray electron flux in the energy range 10 GeV - 20 TeV. The CAL is also sensitive to gamma-rays in the energy range 1 GeV - 10 TeV and protons and nuclei up to PeV energies. Also present on the CALET payload are an Advanced Stellar Compass (ASC) for the fine determination of the pointing direction and the CALET Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (CGBM) for the observation ...


Bipartite Quantum Interactions: Entangling And Information Processing Abilities, Siddhartha Das Oct 2018

Bipartite Quantum Interactions: Entangling And Information Processing Abilities, Siddhartha Das

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to advance the theory behind quantum information processing tasks, by deriving fundamental limits on bipartite quantum interactions and dynamics. A bipartite quantum interaction corresponds to an underlying Hamiltonian that governs the physical transformation of a two-body open quantum system. Under such an interaction, the physical transformation of a bipartite quantum system is considered in the presence of a bath, which may be inaccessible to an observer. The goal is to determine entangling abilities of such arbitrary bipartite quantum interactions. Doing so provides fundamental limitations on information processing tasks, including entanglement distillation and secret key ...


Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Vincent Abanador Oct 2018

Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Vincent Abanador

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The interaction of atoms and molecules with strong laser pulses is of fundamental interest in physics and chemistry. Notably, the process known as high-order harmonic generation (HHG) refers to the production of extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) light, which occurs when an ensemble of atoms or molecules is subjected to a strong infrared laser field. Characterized by an attosecond time scale (1 as = 10-18 s), the HHG process provides the capability for experimental measurements to capture the ultrafast motion of electrons in these target atoms and molecules. The underlying physical mechanism behind this process naturally leaves imprints in the properties of the ...


A Decomposition Of A Space Of Multiple Wiener Integrals By The Difference Of Two Independent Lévy Processes In Terms Of The Lévy Laplacian, Atsushi Ishikawa Oct 2018

A Decomposition Of A Space Of Multiple Wiener Integrals By The Difference Of Two Independent Lévy Processes In Terms Of The Lévy Laplacian, Atsushi Ishikawa

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


An Asymptotic Comparison Of Two Time-Homogeneous Pam Models, Hyun-Jung Kim, Sergey Vladimir Lototsky Oct 2018

An Asymptotic Comparison Of Two Time-Homogeneous Pam Models, Hyun-Jung Kim, Sergey Vladimir Lototsky

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


A Stochastic Integral By A Near-Martingale, Shinya Hibino, Hui-Hsiung Kuo, Kimiaki Saitô Oct 2018

A Stochastic Integral By A Near-Martingale, Shinya Hibino, Hui-Hsiung Kuo, Kimiaki Saitô

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Directional Malliavin Derivatives: A Characterisation Of Independence And A Generalised Chain Rule, Stefan Koch Oct 2018

Directional Malliavin Derivatives: A Characterisation Of Independence And A Generalised Chain Rule, Stefan Koch

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Nonlocal Diffusions And The Quantum Black-Scholes Equation: Modelling The Market Fear Factor, Will Hicks Oct 2018

Nonlocal Diffusions And The Quantum Black-Scholes Equation: Modelling The Market Fear Factor, Will Hicks

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Reversibility Checking For Markov Chains, P. H. Brill, Chi Ho Cheung, Myron Hlynka, Q. Jiang Oct 2018

Reversibility Checking For Markov Chains, P. H. Brill, Chi Ho Cheung, Myron Hlynka, Q. Jiang

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Parametric Family Of Sdes Driven By Lévy Noise, Suprio Bhar, Barun Sarkar Oct 2018

Parametric Family Of Sdes Driven By Lévy Noise, Suprio Bhar, Barun Sarkar

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Impacts Of Updated Design Rainfall Values On Louisiana Infrastructure, Mario Durbic Sep 2018

Impacts Of Updated Design Rainfall Values On Louisiana Infrastructure, Mario Durbic

LSU Master's Theses

The Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (LADOTD) has a Hydraulics Manual which sets forth drainage design standards and codes for projects. The Manual contains maximum annual 24-hour rainfall maps and Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) curves for the return periods of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 years. The Manual divides Louisiana into three regions and specifies that all of the cities within a given region should use the same estimated rainfall intensities and rainfall depths. NOAA Atlas 14, the Precipitation-Frequency Atlas of United States, contains the latest rainfall data and statistics for much of the United States and provides the ...


High-Dimensional Isotope Relationships, Yuyang He Aug 2018

High-Dimensional Isotope Relationships, Yuyang He

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

High-dimensional isotope relationships describes the relationships of two or more element or position-specific (PS) elements in the same molecule or ion. It provides us more powerful tools to study reaction mechanisms and dynamics. Chapter 1 is about dual or multiple stable isotope relationship on δ-δ (or δ'-δ') space. While temporal data sampled from a closed-system can be treated by a Rayleigh Distillation Model (RDM), spatial data should be treated by a Reaction-Transport Model (RTM). Here we compare the results of a closed-system RDM to a RTM for systems with diffusional mass transfer by simulating the trajectories on nitrate's ...


Third Generation Gamma Camera Spect System, Narayan Bhusal Aug 2018

Third Generation Gamma Camera Spect System, Narayan Bhusal

LSU Master's Theses

Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) is a non-invasive imaging modality, frequently used in myocardial perfusion imaging. The biggest challenges facing the majority of clinical SPECT systems are low sensitivity, poor resolution, and the relatively high radiation dose to the patient. New generation systems (GE Discovery, DSPECT) dedicated to cardiac imaging improve sensitivity by a factor of 5-8. The purpose of this work is to investigate a new gamma camera design with 21 hemi-ellipsoid detectors each with a pinhole collimator for Cardiac SPECT for further improvement in sensitivity, resolution, imaging time, and radiation dose.

To evaluate the resolution of our ...


Using Local Fishery Monitoring To Understand Small-Scale Coastal Fisheries In Tanzania, Matthew Robertson Aug 2018

Using Local Fishery Monitoring To Understand Small-Scale Coastal Fisheries In Tanzania, Matthew Robertson

LSU Master's Theses

Nearshore marine fisheries provide the main source of protein for nearly 9 million people in the coastal villages of Tanzania, yet for decades the fisheries have shown signs of overexploitation. These fisheries are small-scale and co-managed by local coastal communities in groups known as Beach Management Units (BMUs). BMUs monitor individual fishing trip data (e.g. gear, vessel, taxa); however, these data have only been analyzed in nationally aggregated statistics and to our knowledge, are not presently used in management decision making. The present thesis aimed to identify the forms of data and information that local fishery monitoring can record ...