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Articles 1  30 of 1972
FullText Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics
A Hybrid Method For Auralizing Vibroacoustic Systems And Evaluating Audio Fidelity/Sound Quality Using Machine Learning, Andrew Jared Miller
A Hybrid Method For Auralizing Vibroacoustic Systems And Evaluating Audio Fidelity/Sound Quality Using Machine Learning, Andrew Jared Miller
Theses and Dissertations
Two separate methods are presented to aid in the creation and evaluation of acoustic simulations. The first is a hybrid method that allows separate low and highfrequency acoustic responses to be combined into a single broadband response suitable for auralization. The process consists of four steps: 1) creating separate lowfrequency and highfrequency responses of the system of interest, 2) interpolating between the two responses to get a single broadband magnitude response, 3) adding amplitude modulation to the highfrequency portion of the response, and 4) calculating approximate phase information. An experimental setup is used to validate the hybrid method. Listening tests ...
You Do Math Like A Girl: How Women Reason Mathematically Outside Of Formal And School Mathematics Contexts, Katelyn C. Pyfer
You Do Math Like A Girl: How Women Reason Mathematically Outside Of Formal And School Mathematics Contexts, Katelyn C. Pyfer
Theses and Dissertations
Females continue to have negative dispositions towards mathematics even though the performance gap between females and males has all but disappeared. While there are many hypotheses for why these negative dispositions exist among females towards mathematics, this paper explores the possibility that the field of mathematics could favor more masculine ways of reasoning at the exclusion of valid, nonmasculine mathematical thought. To research this idea, the daytoday, nonformal, nonschool mathematical activities of two women were identified and analyzed. The analysis uncovered complex mathematical processes among both women that were fundamentally different from the mathematical processes common in the mathematics field ...
Computing The Rank Of Braids, Justin Meiners
Computing The Rank Of Braids, Justin Meiners
Theses and Dissertations
We describe a method for computing rank (and determining quasipositivity) in the free group using dynamic programming. The algorithm is adapted to computing upper bounds on the rank for braids. We test our method on a table of knots by identifying quasipositive knots and calculating the ribbon genus. We consider the possibility that rank is not theoretically computable and prove some partial results that would classify its computational complexity. We then present a method for effectively brute force searching band presentations of small rank and conjugate length.
Going For Gold: Point Of Care BioDiagnostics And Gold Nanoparticles Treating Disease, Trevor M. Godfrey
Going For Gold: Point Of Care BioDiagnostics And Gold Nanoparticles Treating Disease, Trevor M. Godfrey
Theses and Dissertations
Correct diagnosis of disease is essential in the effort to save and improve lives. Point of care (POC) diagnostics are invitro tests that assist in patient diagnosis and can be used at the location of patient care. POC diagnostics are easy to use and provide nearinstant readouts allowing medical providers and patients to make rapid decisions about treatment. Increased access to POC testing is especially beneficial to lowincome and low resource areas that cannot afford expensive lab testing. The World Health Organization (WHO) has outlined at least 113 diseases for which POC diagnostics are needed. Because of this, developing effective ...
Multilattice Tilings And Coverings, Joshua Randall Linnell
Multilattice Tilings And Coverings, Joshua Randall Linnell
Theses and Dissertations
Let L be a discrete subgroup of \mathbb{R}^n under addition. Let D be a finite set of points including the origin. These two sets will define a multilattice of \mathbb{R}^n. We explore how to generate a periodic covering of the space \mathbb{R}^n based on L and $D$. Additionally, we explore the problem of covering when we restrict ourselves to covering \mathbb{R}^n using only dilations of the right regular simplex in our covering. We show that using a set D= {0,d} to define our multilattice the minimum covering density is 5\sqrt ...
Fourier Decompositions Of Graphs With Symmetries And Equitable Partitions, Darren Scott Lund
Fourier Decompositions Of Graphs With Symmetries And Equitable Partitions, Darren Scott Lund
Theses and Dissertations
We show that equitable partitions, which are generalizations of graph symmetries, and Fourier transforms are fundamentally related. For a partition of a graph's vertices we define a Fourier similarity transform of the graph's adjacency matrix built from the matrices used to carryout discrete Fourier transformations. We show that the matrix (graph) decomposes into a number of smaller matrices (graphs) under this transformation if and only if the partition is an equitable partition. To extend this result to directed graphs we define two new types of equitable partitions, equitable receiving and equitable transmitting partitions, and show that if a ...
Terwilliger Algebras For Several Finite Groups, Nicholas Lee Bastian
Terwilliger Algebras For Several Finite Groups, Nicholas Lee Bastian
Theses and Dissertations
In this thesis, we will explore the structure of Terwilliger algebras over several different types of finite groups. We will begin by discussing what a Schur ring is, as well as providing many different results and examples of them. Following our discussion on Schur rings, we will move onto discussing association schemes as well as their properties. In particular, we will show every Schur ring gives rise to an association scheme. We will then define a Terwilliger algebra for any finite set, as well as discuss basic properties that hold for all Terwilliger algebras. After specializing to the case of ...
Mean Square Displacement For A Discrete Centroid Model Of Cell Motion And A Mathematical Analysis Of Focal Adhesion Lifetimes And Their Effect On Cell Motility, Mary Ellen Furner Rosen
Mean Square Displacement For A Discrete Centroid Model Of Cell Motion And A Mathematical Analysis Of Focal Adhesion Lifetimes And Their Effect On Cell Motility, Mary Ellen Furner Rosen
Theses and Dissertations
One of the characteristics that distinguishes living things from nonliving things is motility. On the cellular level, the motility or nonmotility of different types of cells can be life building, lifesaving or lifethreatening. A thorough study of cell motion is needed to help understand the underlying mechanisms that enhance or prohibit cell motion. We introduce a discrete centroid model of cell motion in the context of a generalized random walk. We find an approximation for the theoretical mean square displacement (MSD) that uses a subset of the state space to estimate the MSD for the entire space. We give some ...
Mean Square Displacement For A Discrete Centroid Model Of Cell Motion And A Mathematical Analysis Of Focal Adhesion Lifetimes And Their Effect On Cell Motility, Mary Ellen Furner Rosen
Mean Square Displacement For A Discrete Centroid Model Of Cell Motion And A Mathematical Analysis Of Focal Adhesion Lifetimes And Their Effect On Cell Motility, Mary Ellen Furner Rosen
Theses and Dissertations
One of the characteristics that distinguishes living things from nonliving things is motility. On the cellular level, the motility or nonmotility of different types of cells can be life building, lifesaving or lifethreatening. A thorough study of cell motion is needed to help understand the underlying mechanisms that enhance or prohibit cell motion. We introduce a discrete centroid model of cell motion in the context of a generalized random walk. We find an approximation for the theoretical mean square displacement (MSD) that uses a subset of the state space to estimate the MSD for the entire space. We give some ...
Sources Of Formaldehyde In Bountiful Ut Data, Nitish Bhardwaj, Ariel Kelsch, Delbert Eatough, Ryan Thalman, Nancy Daher, Kerry Kelly, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo, Jaron Hansen
Sources Of Formaldehyde In Bountiful Ut Data, Nitish Bhardwaj, Ariel Kelsch, Delbert Eatough, Ryan Thalman, Nancy Daher, Kerry Kelly, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo, Jaron Hansen
ScholarsArchive Data
Source of Formaldehyde in Bountiful, UT Data
This file contains the X and U matrix used in the positive matrix factorization analysis done on the data collected in Bountiful, UT. The X matrix contains the concentration of species measured and the U matrix is the calculated uncertainty in each measured value. This data is stored in the Excel format.
Included in this file is the twohour averaged concentrations of formaldehyde and ozone, wind direction, time of day, and date that the data was collected at the Bountiful, UT air sampling site located at the Bountiful Utah High School. This data ...
A Water Budget And Solute Flux Budget For Waimea River Watershed, Kauai, Hi, U.S.A., Joseph Harold Tolworthy
A Water Budget And Solute Flux Budget For Waimea River Watershed, Kauai, Hi, U.S.A., Joseph Harold Tolworthy
Theses and Dissertations
Waimea Canyon is a deep Vshaped canyon on the island of Kauai, Hawaii in which the Waimea River and its tributaries flow. The shape and size of the canyon are noteworthy and unusual compared to its contemporary canyons on the Hawaiian Islands which are usually Ushaped or flat bottomed. This could be because there is significantly more physical erosion in Waimea Canyon compared to others. A water budget was created using ArcGIS Pro and data from the University of Hawaii’s rainfall and evapotranspiration atlases, as well as from the United States Geological Survey’s stream gage data. A mass ...
Nature And Origin Of The East Traverse Mountains MegaLandslide, Northern Utah (Usa), Rodney Ryan Chadburn
Nature And Origin Of The East Traverse Mountains MegaLandslide, Northern Utah (Usa), Rodney Ryan Chadburn
Theses and Dissertations
The East Traverse Mountains are an EW trending mountain range dividing Utah and Salt Lake valleys in northern Utah. Geologically perplexing, the nature of the East Traverse Mountains has been under investigation for 140 years. Previously, the mountain range was proposed to be a dismembered but still coherent downfaulted block that experienced 4 km of postthrusting extension within the CharlestonNebo thrust sheet. However, new insight on the origin of the East Traverse Mountains indicate that it is a mega landslide, roughly ~100 km3 in size, which catastrophically slid from the upper reaches of the LittleCottonwood stock to its presentday location ...
Methods For Generative Adversarial Output Enhancement, Michael B. Brodie
Methods For Generative Adversarial Output Enhancement, Michael B. Brodie
Theses and Dissertations
Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) learn to synthesize novel samples for a given data distribution. While GANs can train on diverse data of various modalities, the most successful use cases to date apply GANs to computer vision tasks. Despite significant advances in training algorithms and network architectures, GANs still struggle to consistently generate highquality outputs after training. We present a series of papers that improve GAN output inference qualitatively and quantitatively. The first chapter, Alpha Model Domination, addresses a related subfield of Multiple Choice Learning, which  like GANs  aims to generate diverse sets of outputs. The next chapter, CoachGAN, introduces a ...
Eigenvalues Of Differential Operators And Nontrivial Zeros Of LFunctions, Dongsheng Wu
Eigenvalues Of Differential Operators And Nontrivial Zeros Of LFunctions, Dongsheng Wu
Theses and Dissertations
The HilbertP\'olya conjecture asserts that the nontrivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$ correspond (in a certain canonical way) to the eigenvalues of some positive operator. R. Meyer constructed a differential operator $D_$ acting on a function space $\H$ and showed that the eigenvalues of the adjoint of $D_$ are exactly the nontrivial zeros of $\zeta(s)$ with multiplicity correspondence. We follow Meyer's construction with a slight modification. Specifically, we define two function spaces $\H_\cap$ and $\H_$ on $(0,\infty)$ and characterize them via the Mellin transform. This allows us to show that $Z\H_ ...
Metalearning By Exploiting Granular Machine Learning Pipeline Metadata, Brandon J. Schoenfeld
Metalearning By Exploiting Granular Machine Learning Pipeline Metadata, Brandon J. Schoenfeld
Theses and Dissertations
Automatic machine learning (AutoML) systems have been shown to perform better when they use metamodels trained offline. Existing offline metalearning approaches treat ML models as black boxes. However, modern ML models often compose multiple ML algorithms into ML pipelines. We expand previous metalearning work on estimating the performance and ranking of ML models by exploiting the metadata about which ML algorithms are used in a given pipeline. We propose a dynamically assembled neural network with the potential to model arbitrary DAG structures. We compare our proposed metamodel against reasonable baselines that exploit varying amounts of pipeline metadata, including metamodels used ...
Galectin1 Improves Sarcolemma Repair And Decreases The Inflammatory Response In Lgmd2b Models, Matthew F. Rathgeber
Galectin1 Improves Sarcolemma Repair And Decreases The Inflammatory Response In Lgmd2b Models, Matthew F. Rathgeber
Theses and Dissertations
Limbgirdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B) is caused by mutations in the dysferlin gene, resulting in nonfunctional dysferlin, a key protein found in muscle membrane. Treatment options available for patients are chiefly palliative in nature and focus on maintaining ambulation. Our hypothesis is that galectin1 (Gal1), a soluble carbohydrate binding protein, increases membrane repair capacity, myogenic potential, M2 macrophage polarization and decreases NFκB inflammation in dysferlindeficient models. To test this hypothesis, we used recombinant human galectin1 (rHsGal1) to treat dysferlindeficient models. We show that rHsGal1 treatments of 48 h72 h promotes myogenic maturation as indicated through improvements in size, myotube ...
Segment And Intersection Crash Analysis Methodologies For Utah Highways, Camille Cherie Lunt
Segment And Intersection Crash Analysis Methodologies For Utah Highways, Camille Cherie Lunt
Theses and Dissertations
This research focuses on the Crash Analysis Methodology for Segments (CAMS) which provides a way for engineers at the Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) to prioritize safety improvements on stateowned roadways. Unlike the Utah crash analysis methodologies that come before it, the CAMS focuses exclusively on segmentrelated crashes. The benefits of such an analysis can be found in identifying locations that have safety concerns unbiased from intersections and their related crashes. The CAMS uses UDOT data to create a spreadsheet of roadway segments and their associated crashes. Each segment is homogeneous with respect to five variables: Annual Average Daily Traffic ...
Building A Predictive Model For Stratigraphic Transitions And Lateral Facies Changes In The Cretaceous Almond Formation, Wyoming, Joseph E. Phillips
Building A Predictive Model For Stratigraphic Transitions And Lateral Facies Changes In The Cretaceous Almond Formation, Wyoming, Joseph E. Phillips
Theses and Dissertations
The Cretaceous Almond Formation, located in the Greater Green River Basin, records deposition of coastal plain fluvial sandstones and shallow marginalmarine sandstones in a nettransgressive sequence along the western margin of the Cretaceous Interior Seaway (CIS) from the late Campanian to early Maastrichtian. The Almond Formation is an important hydrocarbon reservoir, with development mainly along the Wamsutter Arch and the northeast margins of the Washakie Basin. Previous studies have primarily focused on outcrops along the eastern flank of the Rock Springs Uplift and subsurface data targeting the Wamsutter Arch. Further development of the Almond petroleum system requires extending our understanding ...
The Impact Of Experiential Virtual Dinosaur Excavation Assignments On Exam Preparation And Performance Inâ An Introductory, UniversityLevel Geology Course, Nicole Elizabeth Ortiz
The Impact Of Experiential Virtual Dinosaur Excavation Assignments On Exam Preparation And Performance Inâ An Introductory, UniversityLevel Geology Course, Nicole Elizabeth Ortiz
Theses and Dissertations
Advocates assert that experiential/applicational learning facilitates deep understanding but there is a dearth of empirical research testing the effectiveness of experiential learning in university geology courses. Domack (1999) and Moecher (2004) document applicational assignments within geology courses. These evaluations, however, are based solely on instructor opinion and informal student comments. To evaluate the effectiveness of experiential assignments this study utilizes empirical data from control and test groups in each of two semesters of Geology 100, a general education course on dinosaurs. Control groups completed traditional research papers which were replaced by experiential assignments in the test groups. The first ...
Lithofacies, Sequence Stratigraphy, And Sedimentology Of Desert Creek Platform, Slope, And Basin Carbonates, Southern Margin Of The Aneth Complex, Middle Pennsylvanian, Paradox Basin, Utah, Christopher M. Perfili
Lithofacies, Sequence Stratigraphy, And Sedimentology Of Desert Creek Platform, Slope, And Basin Carbonates, Southern Margin Of The Aneth Complex, Middle Pennsylvanian, Paradox Basin, Utah, Christopher M. Perfili
Theses and Dissertations
The Aneth Field in the Paradox Basin (SE Utah) has produced nearly 500 MMbbls of oil from phylloidalgal and oolitic carbonate reservoirs of the lower and upper Desert Creek (Paradox Formation, Middle Pennsylvanian) sequences, respectively. The oil resides in a 150 to 200 footthick isolated carbonate platform located in a distal ramp setting on the southwest margin of the Paradox Basin. The horseshoeshaped platform is roughly 12 miles in diameter with an aerial extent of approximately 144 square miles. Evaluation of the platformtobasin transition on the leeward (southern) margin of the Aneth Platform, the focus of this study, was made ...
Formulating A Crowd State Prediction Problem For Application To Crowd Control, Brooks A. Butler
Formulating A Crowd State Prediction Problem For Application To Crowd Control, Brooks A. Butler
Theses and Dissertations
This project considers a new application of crowd control, namely, keeping the public safe during large scale demonstrations. This problem is difficult for a variety of reasons, including limited access to informative sensing and effective actuation mechanisms, as well as limited understanding of crowd psychology and dynamics. This project takes a first step towards solving this problem by formulating a crowd state prediction problem in consideration of recent work involving crowd behavior identification, crowd movement modeling, and crowd psychology modeling. We build a nonlinear crowd behavior model incorporating components of personality modeling, human emotion modeling, group opinion dynamics, and group ...
Predicting Plans And Actions In TwoPlayer Repeated Games, Najma Mathema
Predicting Plans And Actions In TwoPlayer Repeated Games, Najma Mathema
Theses and Dissertations
Artificial intelligence (AI) agents will need to interact with both other AI agents and humans. One way to enable effective interaction is to create models of associates to help to predict the modeled agents' actions, plans, and intentions. If AI agents are able to predict what other agents in their environment will be doing in the future and can understand the intentions of these other agents, the AI agents can use these predictions in their planning, decisionmaking and assessing their own potential. Prior work [13, 14] introduced the S# algorithm, which is designed as a robust algorithm for many twoplayer ...
SemanticDriven Unsupervised ImageToImage Translation For Distinct Image Domains, Wesley Ackerman
SemanticDriven Unsupervised ImageToImage Translation For Distinct Image Domains, Wesley Ackerman
Theses and Dissertations
We expand the scope of imagetoimage translation to include more distinct image domains, where the image sets have analogous structures, but may not share object types between them. SemanticDriven Unsupervised ImagetoImage Translation for Distinct Image Domains (SUNIT) is built to more successfully translate images in this setting, where content from one domain is not found in the other. Our method trains an image translation model by learning encodings for semantic segmentations of images. These segmentations are translated between image domains to learn meaningful mappings between the structures in the two domains. The translated segmentations are then used as the basis ...
A Developer Usability Study Of Tls Libraries, Jonathan Blake Armknecht
A Developer Usability Study Of Tls Libraries, Jonathan Blake Armknecht
Theses and Dissertations
Transport Layer Security (TLS) is a secure communication protocol between a client and a server over a network. The TLS protocol provides the two endpoints with confidentiality through symmetric encryption, endpoint authentication using publickey cryptography, and data integrity using a MAC. However, studies show that security vulnerabilities within TLS connections are often caused by developers misusing TLS library APIs. We measure the usability of four TLS libraries by performing a developer user study. Participants were given code that connects to google.com through HTTP, and tasked with using a TLS library to change the code so that it connects securely ...
Polarization Of Nonlinear Thomson Scattering From A High Intensity Laser Focus, Brittni Tasha Pratt
Polarization Of Nonlinear Thomson Scattering From A High Intensity Laser Focus, Brittni Tasha Pratt
Theses and Dissertations
Thomson scattering from free electrons in a highintensity laser focus has been widely studied analytically, but not many measurements of this scattering have been made. We measure polarizationresolved nonlinear Thomson scattering from electrons in a highintensity laser focus using a parabolic mirror. The weak scattering signal is distinguished from background noise using singlephoton detectors and nanosecond timeresolution to distinguish a prompt scattering signal from noise photons. The azimuthal and longitudinal components of the fundamental, second, and third harmonics were measured. Our measurements reasonably match theoretical results, but also show some asymmetry in the emission patterns.
Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Mindsets, Emily Ann Hales Kunz
Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Mindsets, Emily Ann Hales Kunz
Theses and Dissertations
Much research supports that student mindset influences how well students do in school and that teacher actions influence student mindset. Research has also shown that just because a teacher has a growth mindset, it does not imply that their students will also have a growth mindset. This research looks closer as to why a teacher's mindset does not correlate with their students' mindset by further examining teacher mindset and the connection between teacher mindset and teacher actions. In summary, teachers' mindsets do not directly influence student mindset for a few reasons: secondary mathematics teachers have different mindsets towards honors ...
Structure Of Collisional Metamorphism, SoftSediment Deformation, And LowAngle Normal Faulting In The Beaver Dam Mountains, Jacob Isaac Voorhees
Structure Of Collisional Metamorphism, SoftSediment Deformation, And LowAngle Normal Faulting In The Beaver Dam Mountains, Jacob Isaac Voorhees
Theses and Dissertations
Precambrian metamorphic rocks in the Beaver Dam Mountains display asymmetric, isoclinal folds with consistent fold axes plunging to the NW. These folds are parasitic and have a recursive nature that occurs on wavelengths from centimeters to perhaps kilometers as part of a NWSE striking shear zone. The vergence of the folds indicates oblique shearing with a transport direction plunging 29° to the south. This shear zone may be associated with the collision of Yavapai Province island arcs with Laurentia. Structurally overlying, and adjacent to the metamorphic rocks are allochthonous and attenuated Mississippian limestone blocks and other strata debated to be ...
Internships Shape Students' Future Career, Maria F. Arrayan
Internships Shape Students' Future Career, Maria F. Arrayan
Marriott Student Review
Finding an internship has been more difficult than before due to COVID19. For many, the search for an internship may be frustrating or pointless during this difficult time. Students need to empower themselves with the right tools to find an internship. Maria Fernanda Arrayan talks about the benefits of an internship and four ways to find one. Read this article to find motivation in your search for an internship and try a new way to find your next internship!
Synthesis Of Bacterial Surface Glycans For Conjugate Vaccines, Teron D. Haynie
Synthesis Of Bacterial Surface Glycans For Conjugate Vaccines, Teron D. Haynie
Theses and Dissertations
Bacteria are coated with repeating units of oligosaccharides that exhibit remarkable diversity. Often, glycan units of three or even two sugars are sufficient to identify a species of bacteria. Such specificity makes bacterial surface glycans attractive vaccine targets. However, efforts to create effective vaccines against carbohydrates have been hampered by poor vaccine design as well as the human immune tendency to respond to glycan antigens with nonspecific, Tcell independent mechanisms. As a result, carbohydrate vaccines have historically produced only adequate memory responses in healthy individuals and poor responses in the elderly or immunocompromised. To circumvent these issues, a novel conjugate ...
Breaking The Organic Mold: Introducing Copper Into The Influenza A Arena With Neutral And Divalent Complexes, Jonathan D. Lynch
Breaking The Organic Mold: Introducing Copper Into The Influenza A Arena With Neutral And Divalent Complexes, Jonathan D. Lynch
Theses and Dissertations
Influenza A (IVA) continues to pose a growing global threat even as current medications are becoming less effective. One of the main avenues of research into new antiIVA drugs is its homotetrameric Matrix 2 proton channel (M2A), without which the virus would be unable to release its viral RNA into the host cell. The drug amantadine used to bind and block M2A until nearubiquitous resistance formed as an M2AS31N mutation, starting around 1995 and proceeding to 2005 when amantadine was disallowed for use as an antiIVA drug. The standard organic structure currently being used for M2A inhibitor research comprises an ...