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Soil Science

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Articles 1 - 30 of 4027

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Development Of A Land Cover Characteristics Data Base For The Conterminous U.S., Thomas R. Loveland, James W. Merchant, Donald O. Ohlen, Jesslyn F. Brown Jan 9999

Development Of A Land Cover Characteristics Data Base For The Conterminous U.S., Thomas R. Loveland, James W. Merchant, Donald O. Ohlen, Jesslyn F. Brown

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Generalized Soil Map Of Nebraska Jan 9999

Generalized Soil Map Of Nebraska

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Nebraska Groundwater In Storage, Conservation Survey Division Jan 9999

Nebraska Groundwater In Storage, Conservation Survey Division

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Nebraska County Map Jan 9999

Nebraska County Map

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Dissolved Solids Sampling Sites And Zones Of Concentration Jan 9999

Dissolved Solids Sampling Sites And Zones Of Concentration

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Nebraska Natural Resource District Boundaries Jan 9999

Nebraska Natural Resource District Boundaries

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Distribution And Thickness Of Glacial Till In Nebraska. Jan 9999

Distribution And Thickness Of Glacial Till In Nebraska.

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Transmissivity Of The Principal Aquifer In Nebraska Jan 9999

Transmissivity Of The Principal Aquifer In Nebraska

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Generalized Classification Of Economic Minerals Jan 9999

Generalized Classification Of Economic Minerals

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Holdrege: Nebraska's State Soil Jan 9999

Holdrege: Nebraska's State Soil

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Statewide Precipitation And Discharge Of Platte River Above Ashland, Bryce B. Pease Jan 9999

Statewide Precipitation And Discharge Of Platte River Above Ashland, Bryce B. Pease

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Report Of The Nebraska Conservation And Soil Survey, G. E. Condra Jan 9999

Report Of The Nebraska Conservation And Soil Survey, G. E. Condra

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Precambrian Rock Descriptions From Deep Wells In Nebraska, E. Liedecke Jan 9999

Precambrian Rock Descriptions From Deep Wells In Nebraska, E. Liedecke

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Groundwater Regions In Nebraska Jan 9999

Groundwater Regions In Nebraska

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Branched Oak Lake State Recreation Area Jan 9999

Branched Oak Lake State Recreation Area

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Topographic Regions Of Nebraska, G. E. Condra Jan 9999

Topographic Regions Of Nebraska, G. E. Condra

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Areas In Nebraska Of Subirrigated Vegetation, John Elder Jan 9999

Areas In Nebraska Of Subirrigated Vegetation, John Elder

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Nebraska Map Of Counties, Conservation Survey Division Jan 9999

Nebraska Map Of Counties, Conservation Survey Division

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Irrigation Water Diagram Jan 9999

Irrigation Water Diagram

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Metric System Vs. Inch-Pound Units Jan 9999

Metric System Vs. Inch-Pound Units

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Methanogens, Plausible Extraterrestrial Life Forms On Mars, And Their Tolerance To Increasing Concentrations Of Illite Clay, Chandler Kern Dec 2018

Methanogens, Plausible Extraterrestrial Life Forms On Mars, And Their Tolerance To Increasing Concentrations Of Illite Clay, Chandler Kern

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Methanogens, some of Earth’s most primitive prokaryotic organisms, are candidates for possible life forms capable of inhabiting Mars. Specifically, four different species (Methanobacterium formicicum, Methanococcus maripaludis, Methanosarcina barkeri, Methanothermobacter wolfeii) were analyzed for their tolerance to the presence of illite clay. Illite is a crystalline mineral that has been identified from regions of Mars’s surface. Results indicated that all four species grew with some success in the illite at different concentrations. This experimentation with methanogens’ abilities to survive and reproduce in the presence of illite allows for a more accurate understanding of the potential capability of microbial growth ...


Observing Soil Changes Under Common Cropping Practices In Kentucky, Samantha Peterson, Iin Handayani, Alyx Shultz Dr, Brian Parr Nov 2018

Observing Soil Changes Under Common Cropping Practices In Kentucky, Samantha Peterson, Iin Handayani, Alyx Shultz Dr, Brian Parr

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Cropping production and tillage systems lead to loss of soil organic matter (SOM), lowering soil pH, and soil compaction in Kentucky. However, the magnitude of the changes varied among the soil properties. Therefore, the objective of this research was to evaluate the changes in SOM, soil pH, and soil compaction under different cropping systems like corn-soybean-tobacco rotation (Field #1), continuous corn field (Field #2), hemp field (Field #3), wheat field (Field #4), pasture with animal grazing (Field #5), and canola field (Field #6). The prominent soil textures in all fields are silt loam and silty clay loam. Disturbed soil samples ...


Microbial Community Structure And Functions Differ Between Native And Novel (Exotic-Dominated) Grassland Ecosystems In An 8-Year Experiment, Aleksandra Checinska Sielaff, Racheal N. Upton, Kirsten S. Hofmockel, Xia Xu, H. Wayne Polley, Brian J. Wilsey Nov 2018

Microbial Community Structure And Functions Differ Between Native And Novel (Exotic-Dominated) Grassland Ecosystems In An 8-Year Experiment, Aleksandra Checinska Sielaff, Racheal N. Upton, Kirsten S. Hofmockel, Xia Xu, H. Wayne Polley, Brian J. Wilsey

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

A Grasslands dominated by non-native (exotic) spe- cies have replaced purely native-dominated areas in many parts of the world forming ‘novel’ ecosystems. Altered precipitation patterns are predicted to exacerbate this trend. It is still poorly understood how soil microbial communities and their functions differ between high diversity native- and low diversity exotic-dominated sites and how altered precipitation will impact this difference.

Methods We sampled 64 experimental grassland plots in central Texas with plant species mixtures of either all native or all exotic species; half with summer irrigation. We tested how native vs. exotic plant species mixtures and summer irrigation affected ...


Perennial Biomass Crop Establishment, Community Characteristics, And Productivity In The Upper Us Midwest: Effects Of Cropping Systems Seed Mixtures And Biochar Applications, Catherine L. Bonin, Rivka B. Fidel, Chumki Banik, David A. Laird, Robert Mitchell, Emily A. Heaton Nov 2018

Perennial Biomass Crop Establishment, Community Characteristics, And Productivity In The Upper Us Midwest: Effects Of Cropping Systems Seed Mixtures And Biochar Applications, Catherine L. Bonin, Rivka B. Fidel, Chumki Banik, David A. Laird, Robert Mitchell, Emily A. Heaton

Agronomy Publications

Native perennial plants have potential as bioenergy feedstocks, but their use is currently limited by relatively long establishment times and low biomass yields. Some research suggests that incorporating plant species diversity and applying biochar as a soil amendment might alleviate these limitations by creating a more resilient crop and soil system. The objective of this research was to investigate how 1) seeded plant diversity and 2) biochar soil amendments interact to affect the establishment, yield, and plant species composition of biomass cropping systems during the first four years of growth on productive soils. We measured species emergence, cover, peak and ...


Turning Grass Into Cash With Small Ruminants, Kenneth Andries Oct 2018

Turning Grass Into Cash With Small Ruminants, Kenneth Andries

Kentucky Grazing Conference

As agriculture continues to change, it is important to consider sustainability before starting or expanding any enterprise. One critical factor in any animal agriculture enterprise is controlling feeding costs. Most research indicates feeding is the largest expenses in any livestock enterprise. However, nutrition is critical to overall productivity and the income of the enterprise. Because of this, producers need to find ways to improve nutrient availability while minimizing costs to optimize production and profitability for their livestock enterprise.


Grazing Dairies: Challenges And Opportunities, Howard Straub Iii Oct 2018

Grazing Dairies: Challenges And Opportunities, Howard Straub Iii

Kentucky Grazing Conference

No abstract provided.


Considerations For Making A Profit With Stocker Cattle, Jeff Lehmkuhler Oct 2018

Considerations For Making A Profit With Stocker Cattle, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Kentucky Grazing Conference

The southeast is home to more than 7.3 million beef cows (USDA 2018). At an estimated 80% weaning rate and 20% heifer retention, the southeast region would be expected to produce more than 4.6 million feeder calves that would go to market in 2018. The cow-calf industry in the region provides an opportunity for the stocker and backgrounding operations to co-exist. Much of the land in the region is best suited for forage and pasture production, which at the current moment, provides a low cost feed for adding pounds to light weight feeder cattle. Yet, the stocker and ...


Measuring Profitability In Grazing Operations, Kenneth H. Burdine Oct 2018

Measuring Profitability In Grazing Operations, Kenneth H. Burdine

Kentucky Grazing Conference

When producers make investments in extending their grazing season, they do so in order to obtain an economic benefit. These benefits usually include a reduction in the number of days that stored feed (typically hay) is fed, an increase in carry capacity or stocking rate, or an increase in production level (rates of gain, weaning weights, etc). While all of these are potential benefits of improved grazing systems, a reduction in winter feeding days is often the simplest way to start. When the grazing season is extended, winter feeding days are reduced, and this cost savings can be weighed against ...


Foreword And Conference Information [2018], S. Ray Smith, Christopher D. Teutsch Oct 2018

Foreword And Conference Information [2018], S. Ray Smith, Christopher D. Teutsch

Kentucky Grazing Conference

No abstract provided.


Spatial Structuring Of Cellulase Gene Abundance And Activity In Soil, Jinlyung Choi, Elizabeth Bach, Jaejin Lee, Jared Flater, Shane Dooley, Adina Howe, Kirsten S. Hofmockel Oct 2018

Spatial Structuring Of Cellulase Gene Abundance And Activity In Soil, Jinlyung Choi, Elizabeth Bach, Jaejin Lee, Jared Flater, Shane Dooley, Adina Howe, Kirsten S. Hofmockel

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Microbial mechanisms controlling cellulose degradation in soil habitats remains a critical knowledge gap in understanding and modeling terrestrial carbon-cycling. We investigated land management and soil micro-habitat influences on soil bacterial communities and distribution of cellulose-degrading enzyme genes in three bioenergy cropping systems (corn, prairie, and fertilized prairie). Within the soil, aggregates have been examined as potential micro- habitats with specific characteristics influencing resource partitioning and regulation, thus we also investigated genes associated with cellulose degradation within soil aggregate fractions from the fertilized prairie system. Soil bacterial communities and carbon-cycling gene presence varied across land management and soil microhabitats. Examination of ...