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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Small Family Farms In American Agriculture: Projected Incomes For North Central Iowa Small Farms, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Mark R. Drabenstott, Earl O. Heady Nov 1980

Small Family Farms In American Agriculture: Projected Incomes For North Central Iowa Small Farms, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Mark R. Drabenstott, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

This study hopes to provide sound, well-documented information on what current economic and farm trends mean for the survival of the small family farm. In addition, this research addresses some of the issues at the center of the dialogue on farm structure. By so doing, this study may contribute some helpful answers to these important farm structure questions.


An Econometric-Programming Model For Agricultural Policy Analysis, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Wen-Yuan Huang, Reuben N. Weisz, Earl O. Heady Sep 1980

An Econometric-Programming Model For Agricultural Policy Analysis, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Wen-Yuan Huang, Reuben N. Weisz, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

The U.S. Government plays an important role in national and regional agricultural production. The government uses production control programs, price supports, and loans to increase and stabilize national farm commodity prices and invests in research, development, and extension to promote national production. It has invested in various development projects, such as irrigation, to promote regional agricultural production or regulates land use to avoid permanent depletion of resources.


Supply Control And U.S. Agriculture: An Analysis Of National And Regional Impacts Under Land And Fertilizer Restrictions, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Stanley A. Schraufnagel Jul 1980

Supply Control And U.S. Agriculture: An Analysis Of National And Regional Impacts Under Land And Fertilizer Restrictions, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Stanley A. Schraufnagel

CARD Reports

In 1973 the demand for United States farm commodities was at a record level. Stocks of grain, which had been built up over a number of years, were rapidly depleted by several factors including world demand, export subsidies, and devaluation of the dollar. In response to this abnormal situation, The Agricultural and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 was enacted. This act, contrary to past legislation, emphasized the maintenance or increase of production. But the 1972 to 1974 per capita decline in world food production was shortlived, and output slowly returned to more normal levels. The Food and Agriculture Act of ...


An Analysis Of Selected Agricultural Policy Impacts On The U.S. Livestock Sector By An Econometric Simulation Model, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Roland K. Roberts, Earl O. Heady Jun 1980

An Analysis Of Selected Agricultural Policy Impacts On The U.S. Livestock Sector By An Econometric Simulation Model, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Roland K. Roberts, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

This study interfaces a U.S. livestock econometric model with a crop market econometric model and analyzes the impacts upon the livestock sector of various grain and livestock policy alternatives. The livestock model, which was developed at the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) by Roberts and Heady, consists of five livestock and poultry commodities: beef, pork, lamb, chicken, and turkey. The crop market model is an updated and revised version of the market sector of the CARD National Agricultural Simulation Model. The crop market model is composed of feed grain, wheat, soybean, and cotton submodels.


Potential Effects Of Policy Alternatives On Regional And National Soil Loss, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, David R. Daines Jr., Earl O. Heady Jun 1980

Potential Effects Of Policy Alternatives On Regional And National Soil Loss, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, David R. Daines Jr., Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Agricultural soil erosion concerns many people in the United States. The depletion of topsoil and formation of gullies reduce the productivity of farmland, and farm family income, foreign trade income, and food production potential are threatened. Much of the soil eroded from farmland is carried by runoff water into the streams and reservoirs where it contributes to undesirable and even harmful environmental problems. These include reduced capacity of streams and reservoirs to supply water as well as increased flood danger, navigation obstacles, and water pollution with its many consequences.


Short And Long-Term Analysis Of The Impacts Of Several Soil Loss Control Measures On Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Burton C. English, Earl O. Heady Jun 1980

Short And Long-Term Analysis Of The Impacts Of Several Soil Loss Control Measures On Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Burton C. English, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Environmental impacts created by population growth and economic development are major concerns of today's society. Increasing population necessitates increased and intensified production. As the world's standard of living increases, spurred by economic development, demands for agricultural commodities increase. These increases in demand result in expansion of agricultural production. This expansion requires changes in means of production, technology advancement, and increased education, all of which may result in changes in the environment. It is an aspect of these changes that is examined in this report. More specifically, this study analyzes impacts that occur under both a short and long-term ...


Econometric Analysis Of U.S. Farm Labor Markets, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, George H.K. Wang, Earl O. Heady May 1980

Econometric Analysis Of U.S. Farm Labor Markets, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, George H.K. Wang, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Quantitative knowledge of factors affecting the demand and supply of farm labor is important in analyzing problems of farm income, the supply of farm products and labor mobility and adjustments. The empirical results of this study, based on recent time series data, hopefully can increase quantitative knowledge about market relationships for family farm labor and hired farm labor.


A Separable Programming Analysis Of U.S. Agricultural Export, Price And Income, And Soil Conservation Policies In 1985, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, William G. Boggess, Earl O. Heady Apr 1980

A Separable Programming Analysis Of U.S. Agricultural Export, Price And Income, And Soil Conservation Policies In 1985, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, William G. Boggess, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

The United States has long implemented supply control programs to reduce output and raise farm prices and incomes. The first supply control programs were created more than 45 years ago by the Agricultural Adjustment Act of l933. The nation also has long had a concern for conserving the land. In more recent times, the public has become concerned with maintaining and improving the environment. Soil conservation legislation dates from 1936 with passage of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act. Supply control, soil conservation, and environmental programs generally have not been coordinated. Each program has been formulated to deal with ...


Economic Feasibility Of Using Crop Residues To Generate Electricity In Iowa, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Burton C. English, Cameron C. Short, Earl O. Heady, Steven K. Johnson Jan 1980

Economic Feasibility Of Using Crop Residues To Generate Electricity In Iowa, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Burton C. English, Cameron C. Short, Earl O. Heady, Steven K. Johnson

CARD Reports

This study examines the economic feasibility of using Iowa's crop residues to generate electricity. Iowa was chosen because of the high crop residue densities and the dispersed nature of Iowa's power plants. If the use of crop residue is not economically feasible in Iowa, then it is likely that it will not be feasible elsewhere.


An Analysis Of American Agriculture Under Various Policy Alternatives For 1980, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ashok Chowdhury, Earl O. Heady Oct 1979

An Analysis Of American Agriculture Under Various Policy Alternatives For 1980, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ashok Chowdhury, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Historically, the U.S. farm sector has been a leader in meeting the challenges of the world's growing food demand. American farmers produced an impressive 24 percent of the total world food and feed grains in 1977. They also contributed 53.6 percent of total world exports of these farm commodities in the same year. This achievement was possible through a combination of past governmental policies and technological developments. In the beginning cheap land and other inexpensive inputs encouraged farmers to increase agricultural production by expanding the use of these inputs. Gradually, technological innovations and mechanization of agriculture accelerated ...


Effects Of Beef Feeding Practices And Conservation Farming Systems On The Interregional Pattern Of Crop And Beef Production, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady Jun 1978

Effects Of Beef Feeding Practices And Conservation Farming Systems On The Interregional Pattern Of Crop And Beef Production, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Beef cattle convert grass from U.S. rangelands and aftermath from crops into usable protein that otherwise would be unavailable for human consumption. They also are fed large quantities of grain in the United States. Intensive use of grain in the beef feeding industry results from the nation's large supplies and low real prices of feed grains.


Energy Use In U.S. Agriculture: An Evaluation Of National And Regional Impacts From Alternative Energy Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Dan Dvoskin, Earl O. Heady, Burton C. English Mar 1978

Energy Use In U.S. Agriculture: An Evaluation Of National And Regional Impacts From Alternative Energy Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Dan Dvoskin, Earl O. Heady, Burton C. English

CARD Reports

Modern agriculture depends heavily on fossil fuel energy to power its machinery, to pump irrigation water, to produce fertilizers, and for many other uses. Further increases in energy prices will have important impacts on U.S. agriculture. Energy intensive irrigated farming will suffer most severely. But as energy prices continue to increase, other types of farming will also be affected.


A Study Of The Interaction Of Weather With Alternative Environmental And Grain Reserve Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Woo Koo, William G. Boggess, Earl O. Heady Feb 1978

A Study Of The Interaction Of Weather With Alternative Environmental And Grain Reserve Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Woo Koo, William G. Boggess, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Environmental concerns and technological changes are closely interrelated factors in agricultural production. Technical innovations in the form of improved farming practices and new and more intensive applications of chemical inputs have resulted in an upward trend in grain yields. However, the increased usage of chemical inputs such as fertilizers, insecticides, and herbicides may also be significant sources of pollution. Other environmental concerns such as soil loss and the disposal of livestock wastes affect agricultural production capabilities and may degrade soil and water quality. In addition, weather variability causes significant year-to-year fluctuations in_grain yields around trend levels and is one of ...


Economics And The Environment: Impacts Of Erosion Restraints On Crop Production In The Iowa River Basin, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Klaus F. Alt, Earl O. Heady Dec 1977

Economics And The Environment: Impacts Of Erosion Restraints On Crop Production In The Iowa River Basin, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Klaus F. Alt, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

This study was sponsored cooperatively by the Natural Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development at Iowa State University. Some data are taken from a previous cooperative study of the Iowa-Cedar Rivers Basin conducted by several agencies of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. We are indebted to the Iowa-Cedar Rivers Basin Field Advisory Committee for making these data available. Specific thanks go to Paul Rosenberry and colleagues in the Natural Resource Economics Division. Our thanks also go to Wilson T. Moon, Bill Brune, Bob Boyce, Ed Burr ...


Economic Impacts On U.S. Agriculture From Insecticide, Fertilizer, Soil Loss, And Animal Waster Regulatory Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady, William G. Boggess, Harold J. Stockdale Sep 1977

Economic Impacts On U.S. Agriculture From Insecticide, Fertilizer, Soil Loss, And Animal Waster Regulatory Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady, William G. Boggess, Harold J. Stockdale

CARD Reports

Agriculture interacts in many ways with the environment. Practices such as crop rotations, tillage operations, fertilizer and pesticide applications, and confined livestock operations are used in producing food. But, these practices can also alter the environment via runoff, sediment, nutrients, and toxic chemicals. As with other industries, agriculture's impact on the environment has come under close scrutiny as resource use has become a concern of many Americans.


Estimated Impacts Of Two Environmental Alternatives In Agriculture: A Quadratic Programming Analysis, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Kent D. Olson, Earl O. Heady, Carl C. Chen, Anton D. Meister Mar 1977

Estimated Impacts Of Two Environmental Alternatives In Agriculture: A Quadratic Programming Analysis, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Kent D. Olson, Earl O. Heady, Carl C. Chen, Anton D. Meister

CARD Reports

This is one of several Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) studies that pertain to land and water use and environmental policy. Previous studies have emphasized soil loss control (Nicol, Heady, and Madsen, 1974), environmental enhancement and export levels (Meister, Heady, Nicol, and Strohbehn, 1976), sedimentation limits (Wade and Heady, 1976), and impacts when land use policies are applied in one state but not nationally (Nagadevara, Heady, and Nicol, 1975). The foregoing studies have been made with a range of linear programming models. The purpose of this study is to evaluate impacts for 1980 of two potential environmental controls ...


Acreage Diversion Response Under The 1961-70 Feed Grain Program, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gerald A. Harrison, Earl O. Heady Mar 1977

Acreage Diversion Response Under The 1961-70 Feed Grain Program, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gerald A. Harrison, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Following the depression of the early 1930's the federal government provided legislation and administrative initiative, along with treasury outlays, for various agricultural commodity programs. These programs retained the same general format through 1970. Virtually all of these programs were responses to the symptoms of problems faced by the agricultural industry.


A Multigoal Linear Programming Analysis Of Trade-Offs Between Production Efficiency And Soil Loss Control In U.S. Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Orhan Saygideger, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady Jan 1977

A Multigoal Linear Programming Analysis Of Trade-Offs Between Production Efficiency And Soil Loss Control In U.S. Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Orhan Saygideger, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Topsoil exposed to rainfall when crops are produced on sloping land creates a major environmental problem in the United States. Runoff and the resulting soil erosion carries sediment and agricultural chemicals into public waterways. Besides polluting the waterways, the process also reduces soil productivity. Even with conservation efforts, including the creation of soil conservation [30] and land use laws regulating soil and water conservation, erosion of agricultural topsoil remains a problem and will likely require new and integrated policies set by national agencies.


The Impact Of Water Rights And Legal Institutions On Land And Water Use In 2000, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, W. Arden Colette, Earl O. Heady, Kenneth J. Nicol Nov 1976

The Impact Of Water Rights And Legal Institutions On Land And Water Use In 2000, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, W. Arden Colette, Earl O. Heady, Kenneth J. Nicol

CARD Reports

During the past 15 years there has been increased pressure for a reallocation of water and a review of the system of water rights in the United States. In the Western States where water scarcity has long been a problem, population increases have expanded water requirements for urban and domestic uses. In the Eastern States contamination of lakes, rivers, and streams has brought about increased interest in pollution and water problems.


A National Model Of Sediment And Water Quality: Various Impacts On American Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, James C. Wade, Earl O. Heady Jul 1976

A National Model Of Sediment And Water Quality: Various Impacts On American Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, James C. Wade, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

This report summarizes a portion of the research done under Grant GI-32990 from the RANN Program of the National Science Foundation. The research is a continuation of the development and application of models of agricultural production, resource use, and the environment. Previous research concentrated on the use of resources in agriculture and the development of models to determine the levels of potential environmental harm. This extension links the resource utilization and residue-creating production activities of cropland agriculture to the quality of water in the nation's streams. The polluting substance studied is sediment.


Relative Contributions Of Major Technological Factors And Moisture Stress To Increased Grain Yields In The Midwest, 1930-71, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Richard K. Perrin, Earl O. Heady Mar 1975

Relative Contributions Of Major Technological Factors And Moisture Stress To Increased Grain Yields In The Midwest, 1930-71, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Richard K. Perrin, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Weather and its interactions with technology have important impacts on the economy of farms, households, and entire societies. These relationships were emphasized in the last three years when crop shortfalls in Russia were translated into mammoth export demands for U.S. grain. Similarly, poor weather and short commodity supplies further extended the grain demand for major exporting countries such as the United States. Great fluctuations in prices occurred, bringing large gains to some farmers and traders and large losses and costs to other farmers and consumers. Affected dramatically were areas in Asia and Africa where crop shortfalls resulted in starvation ...


Income And Structure Of American Agriculture Under Future Alternatives Of Farm Size, Policies And Exports, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Steven T. Sonka, Earl O. Heady Feb 1975

Income And Structure Of American Agriculture Under Future Alternatives Of Farm Size, Policies And Exports, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Steven T. Sonka, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

This study, made by means of a national and interregional programming model, examines the future of American agriculture. It examines policy alternatives and various outcomes for agriculture if the industry took on various structures in size and technology. In the latter connection it measures, in relation to policies and farm sizes which might prevail in the future, affects of farm commodity prices, returns in the farm sector, employment and input requirements of agriculture, capital needs of the industry, consumer food costs and generation of employment and income in the rural nonfarm sector.


Models Of Soil Loss, Land And Water Use, Spatial Agricultural Structure, And The Environment, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Kenneth J. Nicol, Earl O. Heady, Howard C. Madsen Jul 1974

Models Of Soil Loss, Land And Water Use, Spatial Agricultural Structure, And The Environment, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Kenneth J. Nicol, Earl O. Heady, Howard C. Madsen

CARD Reports

This report summarizes the nature and results of a model developed under an ISU-RANN project dealing with land and water use, agricultural technology, policy, and the environment. The model and its application represent only one of the several activities underway and being completed under this project. Subsequent models and reports will include other dimensions of problems surrounding resource use, agricultural productivity, and national environmental goals including livestock wastes, pesticides, and chemical fertilizers.


American Farm-Size Structure In Relation To Income And Employment Opportunities Of Farms, Rural Communities And Other Sectors, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Steven T. Sonka, Earl O. Heady Jun 1974

American Farm-Size Structure In Relation To Income And Employment Opportunities Of Farms, Rural Communities And Other Sectors, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Steven T. Sonka, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

American agriculture has been in a rapid state of change represented by larger and fever farms, a smaller work force, greater capital inputs, and growing commercialization. The ongoing trend toward fever and larger farms and the "economies of scale" reasons for it are generally apparent to persons associated with rural communities. Not so well-known and apparent, however, are the economic and social impacts that larger farm size has on rural towns.


Simulated Effects Of Alternative Policy And Economic Environments On U.S. Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Daryll E. Ray, Earl O. Heady Mar 1974

Simulated Effects Of Alternative Policy And Economic Environments On U.S. Agriculture, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Daryll E. Ray, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Historically, government price and income farm programs have been aimed at specific commodity groups. Each commodity program has its own price supports, target prices, acreage allotments, marketing quotas, or other instrumental variables. Within the framework of congressional legislation, program administrators annually announce the levels of these strategic variables for each commodity. The collection of variable levels for all programs represents one point in a set of possible combinations. The level of each government policy parameter or variable not only affects a particular commodity but also related agricultural commodities, the entire agricultural sector, and the economy as a whole.


A Five Sector Model Of Agricultural Development, Industrialization And Food Aid In A Dual Economy, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Walter W. Haessel, Earl O. Heady, Leo V. Mayer Nov 1972

A Five Sector Model Of Agricultural Development, Industrialization And Food Aid In A Dual Economy, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Walter W. Haessel, Earl O. Heady, Leo V. Mayer

CARD Reports

The over-all purpose of this study is to investigate the inter-relationships between the agricultural and nonagricultural sectors during the process of economic development, with some particular attention to the effects of food aid. The major portion of the study is devoted to a theoretical analysis of these intersectoral relationships. A five-sector, optimizing model of an underdeveloped, dual economy is formulated and extensively analyzed. The five sectors include subsistence or traditional agriculture, commercial agriculture, manufacturing goods production, capital goods production, and a government sector. Three products are produced: agricultural goods, which can only be consumed, manufacturing goods which can either be ...


Agricultural And Water Policies And The Environment: An Analysis Of National Alternatives In Natural Resource Use, Food Supply Capacity And Environmental Quality, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Earl O. Heady, Howard C. Madsen, Kenneth J. Nicol, Stanley H. Hargrove Jun 1972

Agricultural And Water Policies And The Environment: An Analysis Of National Alternatives In Natural Resource Use, Food Supply Capacity And Environmental Quality, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Earl O. Heady, Howard C. Madsen, Kenneth J. Nicol, Stanley H. Hargrove

CARD Reports

American society has become increasingly concerned with several facets of economic and technological development. One element is population growth. With higher levels of population being projected for the future, particular distributions of industrial, urban and municipal demands for water will place rapidly growing pressures on its supply. However, economic development not only increases the demand for water but also utilizes technologies that produce outputs and byproducts which pollute streams and lessen water quality. Agricultural technology is closely related to these developmental problems in several ways: First, rapidly growing supply capacity based on modern technological inputs has caused farm prices and ...


Foodcosts, Farm Incomes, And Crop Yields, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Leo V. Mayer, Stanley H. Hargrove Mar 1971

Foodcosts, Farm Incomes, And Crop Yields, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Leo V. Mayer, Stanley H. Hargrove

CARD Reports

Agriculture now serves in an increasingly interdependent role with other sectors of the economy. This increasing interdependence grows out of the rapid commercialization and technological changes in farming in the last three decades. As farms grow larger more highly capitalized and employ increasing quantities of inputs from other sectors, this interdependence will be accentuated.


Trade-Offs In Farm Policy, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Howard C. Madsen, Earl O. Heady, Kenneth J. Nicol May 1970

Trade-Offs In Farm Policy, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, Howard C. Madsen, Earl O. Heady, Kenneth J. Nicol

CARD Reports

This study is one of a continuing series dealing with alternative farm policies and land retirement or supply control programs. The study consists of an analysis of alternative land retirement programs for three different sets of farm prices. One set is called lower prices ($0.85 corn, $1.00 wheat and $1.50 soybeans). Another set is termed medium prices ($1.05 corn, $1.25 wheat and $2.15 soybeans) and provides for prices at current support levels. The third set is called higher prices ($1.25 corn, $1.50 wheat and $2.75 soybeans).


Farm Program Choices, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, M. L. Upchurch, Frank Orazem, Paul L. Kelley, Ralph W. Cummings Jr., Leo V. Mayer, Earl O. Heady, Leroy Blakeslee, Norman Whittlesey, Walter W. Wilcox, Frank Lowenstein, Luther G. Tweeten, John A. Schnittker Jan 1970

Farm Program Choices, Center For Agricultural And Economic Development, Iowa State University, M. L. Upchurch, Frank Orazem, Paul L. Kelley, Ralph W. Cummings Jr., Leo V. Mayer, Earl O. Heady, Leroy Blakeslee, Norman Whittlesey, Walter W. Wilcox, Frank Lowenstein, Luther G. Tweeten, John A. Schnittker

CARD Reports

The United States is reexamining its domestic and international programs in terms of expected priorities in solving various economic and social problems over the next decade. This evaluation is made at a time when problems of numerous groups and sectors of the national economy are growing in intensity. It is made as budget restraints cause some programs to be reconsidered against pressures of program needs in other areas.