Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Respiratory Therapy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 50

Full-Text Articles in Respiratory Therapy

A Multiple-Site Case Inquiry To Identify The Attributes Of Socio-Academic Culture In Successful Entry-To-Practice Respiratory Therapy Programs, Thomas D. Jones Apr 2024

A Multiple-Site Case Inquiry To Identify The Attributes Of Socio-Academic Culture In Successful Entry-To-Practice Respiratory Therapy Programs, Thomas D. Jones

Doctor of Education (Ed.D)

Background: Organizational structure and culture have been explored extensively in higher education. Nonacademic factors influence student engagement, motivation, and success. Research describing socio-academic culture in health professions programs is limited. Achievement of fundamental social-emotional learning (SEL) competencies empowers students to learn and achieve educational goals. SEL has not been established as a theoretical framework in health professions education. SEL competencies closely align with respiratory therapy (RT) learner needs and essential professional skills. Attributes of socio-academic culture in successful RT programs and their impact on student success are unknown. Objective: To identify the attributes of socio-academic culture in successful entry-to-practice respiratory …


Instrumental Assessment Of Aero-Resistive Expiratory Muscle Strength Rehabilitation Devices, Angela M. Dietsch, Rahul Krishnamurthy, Kelsey Young, Steven M. Barlow Jan 2024

Instrumental Assessment Of Aero-Resistive Expiratory Muscle Strength Rehabilitation Devices, Angela M. Dietsch, Rahul Krishnamurthy, Kelsey Young, Steven M. Barlow

Department of Special Education and Communication Disorders: Faculty Publications

Purpose

Expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) is increasingly being used to treat voice, cough, and swallowing deficits in a wide range of conditions. However, a multitude of aero-resistive EMST models are commercially available, and the ab-sence of side-by-side comparative data interferes with clinicians’ ability to assess which model is best suited to a particular client’s needs. The primary aim of this research was to test and compare the pressure and flow parameters of six currently available EMST models to help inform clinical decision making.

Method

We identified and tested five devices of each of six different EMST models to generate …


The Effectiveness Of An Educational Video Intervention For People With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Prior To Power Wheelchair Evaluations, Mark Blanchard, Kelly Connelley, Emily Copeland, Quinn Malbrough, Sara Pendleton, Ingrid Franc Nov 2023

The Effectiveness Of An Educational Video Intervention For People With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Prior To Power Wheelchair Evaluations, Mark Blanchard, Kelly Connelley, Emily Copeland, Quinn Malbrough, Sara Pendleton, Ingrid Franc

Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration

PURPOSE: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that ultimately requires a power wheelchair (PWC) as the main source of mobility. The purpose of this project was to determine the effectiveness of an educational video to prepare a client for a PWC assessment by addressing four themes: PWC features, home environment, transportation, and client self-efficacy.

METHODS: An educational video was created and used in an ALS Multidisciplinary Clinic to better prepare clients for the PWC evaluation process. The effectiveness of this video was measured using a seven-question Likert scale survey focusing on the themes of the video. Individuals living …


The Ventilatory Management Of Paediatric Central Sleep Apnoea: A Systematic Review, Kane A. Hodge, Anne Jones Sep 2023

The Ventilatory Management Of Paediatric Central Sleep Apnoea: A Systematic Review, Kane A. Hodge, Anne Jones

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Paediatric central sleep apnoea (CSA) occurs more frequently in the presence of another medical condition. This systematic review aimed to determine the effectiveness of oxygen therapy and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for children with CSA and additional underlying comorbidities. Method: A search was undertaken of CINAHL Complete, Emcare, Scopus, MEDLINE, and PubMed with forward and backward citations for studies published between database inception and the 5th of May 2022. Articles of any study design or quality were included, excluding systematic reviews, letters, or study protocols. Articles had to involve only paediatric patients with a diagnosis of CSA with …


Single Leg Depth Jump Kombinasi Core Plank Knee To Elbow Terhadap Power Otot Tungkai Atlet, Maya Triyanita, Siti Sardianti Dwi Tirta Jun 2023

Single Leg Depth Jump Kombinasi Core Plank Knee To Elbow Terhadap Power Otot Tungkai Atlet, Maya Triyanita, Siti Sardianti Dwi Tirta

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

Power limit training is defined as the movement to get a jump on athletes in doing the maximum jump smash. Badminton requires leg muscle explosive power because it is the muscle's ability to overcome loads and with a high speed of contraction. This study aims to determine the effect of the single leg depth jump exercise, the combination of the knee to elbow core plank, on increasing leg power in badminton athletes.

This study uses an experimental design method. This research was conducted on badminton athletes using a total sampling technique of 13 people, namely the Pliometric Simgle Leg Dept …


Efektivitas Manual Therapy Dan Ultrasound Terhadap Peningkatan Fungsi Gerak Bahu Pada Kasus Nyeri Bahu Et Causa Bursitis Subacromialis Dengan Parameter Spadi Di Rsud Muhammad Natsir, Fadhilah Az-Zahra, Ronal Lufitos, Faizah Abdullah Djawas Jun 2023

Efektivitas Manual Therapy Dan Ultrasound Terhadap Peningkatan Fungsi Gerak Bahu Pada Kasus Nyeri Bahu Et Causa Bursitis Subacromialis Dengan Parameter Spadi Di Rsud Muhammad Natsir, Fadhilah Az-Zahra, Ronal Lufitos, Faizah Abdullah Djawas

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

ABSTRACT: Adhesive Capsulitis is a disorder that occurs in the shoulder area in the form of inflammation of the joint capsule which causes a feeling of stiffness and pain. Glenohumeral joint mobilization with the Maitland mobilization technique is using passive mobilization with physiological oscillatory movements which can produce a stretching effect and release of adhesive on the ligament capsule in the shoulder so that the range of motion of the shoulder joint can be increased. Hold relax is an exercise therapy with the principle of reciprocal inhibition which aims to improve antagonistic pattern relaxation, and mobilization, and to reduce pain. …


Neurodynamic Technique Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri, Peningkatan Grip Strength, Dan Peningkatan Kemampuan Fungsional Pada Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Safrin Arifin, Fathia Dheanisa Jun 2023

Neurodynamic Technique Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri, Peningkatan Grip Strength, Dan Peningkatan Kemampuan Fungsional Pada Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Safrin Arifin, Fathia Dheanisa

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a syndrome that occurs in 1-4% of the total population worldwide. This condition causes disruption of function and motion in the wrist that spreads to the fingers. Physiotherapy intervention is necessary to reduce the severity of symptoms in patients with CTS. Neurodynamic Techniques are nerve mobilization techniques that aim to restore homeostasis in the nerves so as to reduce pain and improve functional ability. Materials and methods. This research was conducted through searching several databases, found 31 articles which were then filtered and selected as many as 10 articles. However, of the 11 articles, further screening …


Aerobic Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Endurance Pada Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner Dengan Pemeriksaan 6mwt : Studi Kasus, Dela Fariha Fuadi, Andrew Wijaya Saputra, Nabilla Nur Awaliah Dzatikhulwani Jun 2023

Aerobic Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Endurance Pada Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner Dengan Pemeriksaan 6mwt : Studi Kasus, Dela Fariha Fuadi, Andrew Wijaya Saputra, Nabilla Nur Awaliah Dzatikhulwani

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition in which the heart's blood vessels (coronary arteries) are blocked by fat deposits. Based on data from Riskesdas (2018) it is revealed that cases of heart and blood vessel disease in Indonesia are increasing every year, increasing the mortality rate. This is due to the presence of risk factors that support the emergence of coronary heart disease. Objective: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the evaluation of aerobic exercise to increase endurance in patients with coronary heart disease by examining 6MWT. Method: This research is in the form of a …


Physiotherapy Rehabilitation In Bilateral Lower Limbs Amputations Following Dry Gangrene: A Case Report, Pranali R. Gaikwad, Manish P. Shukla, Santosh P. Dobhal Jun 2023

Physiotherapy Rehabilitation In Bilateral Lower Limbs Amputations Following Dry Gangrene: A Case Report, Pranali R. Gaikwad, Manish P. Shukla, Santosh P. Dobhal

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background: Bilateral lower limb amputation is becoming more frequent in recent years. This case report will outline the pre-operative and post-operative physiotherapy protocol for bilateral lower limb amputations following dry gangrene. Additionally, this case was evaluated to see if postoperative physiotherapy treatment consisting of prevention of complications, patient education, independent self-care, and functional mobility improved outcome. Case: A 76-year-old man came to the hospital with clinical features of dry gangrene of both feet. Preoperatively he was given education on care for his limbs along with the therapy plan following surgery. Pain on VAS scales were taken prior to surgery and …


Apoe4, Age, And Sex Regulate Respiratory Plasticity Elicited By Acute Intermittent Hypercapnic-Hypoxia, Jayakrishnan Nair, Joseph F. Welch, Alexandria B. Marciante, Tingting Hou, Qing Lu, Emily J. Fox, Gordon S. Mitchell Jun 2023

Apoe4, Age, And Sex Regulate Respiratory Plasticity Elicited By Acute Intermittent Hypercapnic-Hypoxia, Jayakrishnan Nair, Joseph F. Welch, Alexandria B. Marciante, Tingting Hou, Qing Lu, Emily J. Fox, Gordon S. Mitchell

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Papers

Rational

Acute intermittent hypoxia (AIH) shows promise for enhancing motor recovery in chronic spinal cord injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. However, human trials of AIH have reported significant variability in individual responses.

Objectives

Identify individual factors (eg, genetics, age, and sex) that determine response magnitude of healthy adults to an optimized AIH protocol, acute intermittent hypercapnic-hypoxia (AIHH).

Methods

In 17 healthy individuals (age = 27 ± 5 yr), associations between individual factors and changes in the magnitude of AIHH (15, 1-min O2 = 9.5%, CO2 = 5% episodes) induced changes in diaphragm motor-evoked potential (MEP) amplitude and inspiratory mouth occlusion pressures …


Therapeutic Strategies Targeting Respiratory Recovery After Spinal Cord Injury: From Preclinical Development To Clinical Translation, Pauline Michel-Flutot, Michael A. Lane, Angelo C. Lepore, Stéphane Vinit May 2023

Therapeutic Strategies Targeting Respiratory Recovery After Spinal Cord Injury: From Preclinical Development To Clinical Translation, Pauline Michel-Flutot, Michael A. Lane, Angelo C. Lepore, Stéphane Vinit

Farber Institute for Neuroscience Faculty Papers

High spinal cord injuries (SCIs) lead to permanent functional deficits, including respiratory dysfunction. Patients living with such conditions often rely on ventilatory assistance to survive, and even those that can be weaned continue to suffer life-threatening impairments. There is currently no treatment for SCI that is capable of providing complete recovery of diaphragm activity and respiratory function. The diaphragm is the main inspiratory muscle, and its activity is controlled by phrenic motoneurons (phMNs) located in the cervical (C3–C5) spinal cord. Preserving and/or restoring phMN activity following a high SCI is essential for achieving voluntary control of breathing. In this review, …


The Accuracy Of Recreational Athletes In Self Detecting Ventilation Threshold During A Maximal Exercise Test, Andrew Biegner Jan 2023

The Accuracy Of Recreational Athletes In Self Detecting Ventilation Threshold During A Maximal Exercise Test, Andrew Biegner

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

INTRODUCTION: Ventilatory threshold (VT) is where minute ventilation (VE) increases nonlinearly with increasing exercise intensity. Prior studies have shown that subjects can recognize VT by changes in breathing during exercise. Teaching recreational athletes to use VT as a training method could result in better quality training. PURPOSE: Determine if recreational athletes can accurately perceive changes in ventilation associated with VT during maximal exercise testing. METHODS: Subjects were recruited (n=20, age= 20.5 ± 1.7 yrs.) to participate in the study. Subjects performed a modified maximal treadmill protocol with gas analysis. Subjects indicated when they noticed a considerable change …


Respiratory Therapy Staff Retention: A Systems Thinking Approach, Jerin G. Juby Jan 2023

Respiratory Therapy Staff Retention: A Systems Thinking Approach, Jerin G. Juby

Full-Text Theses & Dissertations

Respiratory therapists are an integral part of the healthcare workforce in the United States. The healthcare workforce shortage accelerated by the COVID global pandemic has impacted respiratory therapy departments across the nation, with organizations struggling to hire and retain staff. The prevailing approaches in combating this is linear in nature and does not consider the complexity of the system. The purpose of this dissertation is to address retention issues in respiratory therapy departments from a systems thinking approach and to develop a prototype utilizing systems thinking methodologies and tools.


Mouthpiece For Patients With Neuromuscular Disorders, Rebekah Starkey, Carissa Thompson, Michael Dickens, Andrew Pero Jan 2023

Mouthpiece For Patients With Neuromuscular Disorders, Rebekah Starkey, Carissa Thompson, Michael Dickens, Andrew Pero

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Neuromuscular Disorders (NMDs) impact people throughout the world. An early hallmark of these disorders includes some degree of facial muscle weakness. Respiratory testing is important to evaluate the progression of these patients’ NMDs. However, these tests require that the patient purses their lips around a mouthpiece to create a tight seal. This is a difficult task for one with facial muscle degeneration. This often leads to results that fail to reflect the patient’s true respiratory ability and prevents their physician from providing the appropriate degree of care. The objective of this project was to develop a face mask or mouthpiece …


Pengaruh Diaphragmatic Breathing Dan Endurance Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Kapasitas Kardiorespirasi Pada Pasien Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia, Alifia Azzahra, Annisya Puspitarani, Zahra Sativani, Riza Pahlawi Dec 2022

Pengaruh Diaphragmatic Breathing Dan Endurance Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Kapasitas Kardiorespirasi Pada Pasien Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia, Alifia Azzahra, Annisya Puspitarani, Zahra Sativani, Riza Pahlawi

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

The purpose of this case study is to determine the effect of diaphragmatic breathing and endurance exercise in hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). Nosocomial pneumonia that occurs in 48 hours or more after the patient admitted to the hospital, without any signs of pulmonary infection. The existence of clinical manifestations that appear, patients with HAP tend to avoid physical activity which can decrease the functional capacity of the respiratory system and have an impact on decreasing endurance. Diaphragmatic breathing exercise is thought to be able to help reduce shortness of breath, reduce the work of the accessory muscles of breathing, improve breathing …


Efficacy Of Early Inpatient Rehabilitation Of Post-Covid-19 Survivors: Single-Center Retrospective Analysis, Ning Cao, Jaclyn Barcikowski, Franklin Womble, Bianca Martinez, Yevgeniya Sergeyenko, Jacob H. Koffer, Michael Kwasniewski, Thomas Watanabe, Rui Xiao, Alberto Esquenazi Oct 2022

Efficacy Of Early Inpatient Rehabilitation Of Post-Covid-19 Survivors: Single-Center Retrospective Analysis, Ning Cao, Jaclyn Barcikowski, Franklin Womble, Bianca Martinez, Yevgeniya Sergeyenko, Jacob H. Koffer, Michael Kwasniewski, Thomas Watanabe, Rui Xiao, Alberto Esquenazi

Moss-Magee Rehabilitation Papers

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the demographic, clinical characteristics, and effectiveness of early inpatient rehabilitation of post-COVID survivors.

DESIGN: A single-center retrospective chart review analysis of 100 patients admitted to a newly created acute COVID rehabilitation unit (CORE+) from April to December 2020 was conducted.

RESULTS: The demographic and clinical characteristics and complications of 100 post-COVID patients were reviewed. Functional outcomes of GG Self-care and Mobility Activities Items (Section GG0130 and GG0170) of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services of the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument (Version 3.0) at admission and discharge, prevalence of …


Icu Liberation Bundle: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Julie Anne Snyder Amoroso Aug 2022

Icu Liberation Bundle: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Julie Anne Snyder Amoroso

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Patients with increased ventilator days see dramatic increases in their chances of developing healthcare-related conditions (HAC). Extended ICU stays increase the potential for problematic issues in patients' physical, mental and spiritual health with short-and-long-term consequences.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was looking at adult ventilated patients in a medical ICU (P) and what is the effect of initiating interdisciplinary ABCDEF-ICU liberation bundle rounding as (I) compared to no ICU liberation bundle rounding (C) has on the length of ventilator days (O) over eight weeks (T).

Evidence: Evidence from quality studies and backing from the …


The Feasibility And Efficacy Of Telespirometry For Pulmonary Monitoring Of Cystic Fibrosis: A Systematic Review, Tessa Yap, Anne Jones Jun 2022

The Feasibility And Efficacy Of Telespirometry For Pulmonary Monitoring Of Cystic Fibrosis: A Systematic Review, Tessa Yap, Anne Jones

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background: Spirometry via telehealth (telespirometry) involves remote monitoring of lung function, which is useful to detect pulmonary changes and increase continuity of care for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Purpose: This systematic review aims to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of telespirometry assessments for paediatric and adult CF patients. Method: A comprehensive search of health-related databases (CINAHL, Emcare (Ovid), Medline (Ovid), PEDRo and Scopus) was conducted. For inclusion, patients had to be clinically diagnosed with CF and studies could be of any study design or level according to the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) evidence hierarchy, had to …


Efektifitas Acbt Dalam Meningkatkan Ekspansi Dada Pada Kasus Bronchiectasis : Studi Kasus, Riza Pahlawi, Aditya Denny Pratama, Mita Noviana, Anastasia Viastuti Iskandar Jun 2022

Efektifitas Acbt Dalam Meningkatkan Ekspansi Dada Pada Kasus Bronchiectasis : Studi Kasus, Riza Pahlawi, Aditya Denny Pratama, Mita Noviana, Anastasia Viastuti Iskandar

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

Bronchiectasis is a major chronic disease characterized by infection, inflammation, and permanent dilation of the bronchial walls. Interaction of chronic infection, exacerbation, and inflammation resulting in lung injury. Patients with bronchiectasis have several clinical manifestations of primary bronchiectasis, which is the occurrence of recurrent, chronic infections. In patients with bronchiectasis, mechanical efficiency of breathing leads to decreased rib movement and increased abdominal movement leading to a paradoxical breathing pattern. Treatment goals include achieving symptom control, preventing or reducing exacerbations. Various alternative airway techniques have been used in the physiotherapeutic management of patients with bronchiectasis. Techniques are considered the way to …


Duchenne’S Muscular Dystrophy & Occupational Therapy, Vanessa Sagredo, Meagan C. Romero May 2022

Duchenne’S Muscular Dystrophy & Occupational Therapy, Vanessa Sagredo, Meagan C. Romero

Client Educational Handouts

No abstract provided.


Quantifying The Effect Of Monitor Wear Time And Monitor Type On The Estimate Of Sedentary Time In People With Copd: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Fiona Coll, Vinicius Cavalheri, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Sheldon Wulff, Kylie Hill Apr 2022

Quantifying The Effect Of Monitor Wear Time And Monitor Type On The Estimate Of Sedentary Time In People With Copd: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Fiona Coll, Vinicius Cavalheri, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Sheldon Wulff, Kylie Hill

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

In studies that have reported device-based measures of sedentary time (ST) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we explored if the monitor type and monitor wear time moderated the estimate of this measure. Five electronic databases were searched in January 2021. Studies were included if >70% of participants had stable COPD, and measures of ST (min/day) were collected using wearable technology. Meta-regression was used to examine the influence of moderators on ST, monitor type, and wear time. The studies identified were a total of 1153, and 36 had usable data for meta-analyses. The overall pooled estimate of ST …


Patient And Therapist Perceptions Of Respiratory Functioning Due To Spinal Cord Injury: Implications For Music Therapists, A'Marie Dotson Jan 2022

Patient And Therapist Perceptions Of Respiratory Functioning Due To Spinal Cord Injury: Implications For Music Therapists, A'Marie Dotson

Theses and Dissertations--Music

Decreased respiratory functioning is a common symptom of spinal cord injury (SCI) and can impact individuals’ personal, professional, and social lives. In spite of this, researchers have not explored the use of music in the lives of individuals with SCIs or music’s role in their healthcare professionals’ treatment plans to improve respiratory functioning. The purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand how decreased respiratory functioning affects individuals with SCIs and healthcare professionals through a multiple case study design. Participants were two individuals with SCIs and three healthcare professionals (physical therapist, recreational therapist, and music therapist) who worked with …


Pressure Injury As Insidious Comorbidity In Ventilator-Dependent Respiratory Failure (Vdrf) Secondary To Covid-19: A Case Report, Carlos Rodriguez, Karyn R. Doddy, Napatkamon Ayutyanont Sep 2021

Pressure Injury As Insidious Comorbidity In Ventilator-Dependent Respiratory Failure (Vdrf) Secondary To Covid-19: A Case Report, Carlos Rodriguez, Karyn R. Doddy, Napatkamon Ayutyanont

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Research Objectives: To highlight opportunities to decrease adverse outcomes in the acute management of COVID-19 infection.

Design: Descriptive single-subject study

Setting: Inpatient/Acute rehabilitation

Participants: A 47-year-old female with Ventilator-Dependent Respiratory Failure (VDRF) secondary to COVID-19.

Interventions: In the ED, Patient was started on antibiotics (azithromycin, ceftriaxone), nebulizer treatments, intravenous fluids, and intramuscular corticosteroids (methylprednisolone).
On hospital admission, she was initiated on antiviral Remdesivir and received 1 unit of convalescent plasma. Self-proning was encouraged, yet Patient required progressive increase in oxygen (O2) supplementation. She was intubated from Hospital Day (HD) 4 to 7. Wound care assessments began on HD10; wounds to …


Assessing The Clinical Characteristics And Ventilator Parameters Of Covid-19 Mechanically Ventilated Patients At Lehigh Valley Health Network, Andrew Kelly, Kenneth Miller Med, Rrt-Nps Aug 2021

Assessing The Clinical Characteristics And Ventilator Parameters Of Covid-19 Mechanically Ventilated Patients At Lehigh Valley Health Network, Andrew Kelly, Kenneth Miller Med, Rrt-Nps

Research Scholars

No abstract provided.


Functional Outcomes Of Infants With Chiari Ii Malformation With Tracheostomy And Home Ventilator Dependence, Abbigayle Carlson May 2021

Functional Outcomes Of Infants With Chiari Ii Malformation With Tracheostomy And Home Ventilator Dependence, Abbigayle Carlson

Research Days

Background: Chiari II malformation is relatively common with an incidence of about 1 in 1000 live birth and is associated with reduced life expectancy. Characteristic features are beaked midbrain, downward displacement of the tonsils, and cerebellar vermis, and spinal myelomeningocele that can be associated with hydrocephalus needing ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VP shunt). Mortality is about 50-70% if not recognized early. Survivors have high morbidity and develop neurologic abnormalities and significant developmental delays. Long-term outcome is poorly understood.

Objective: Not much has been published that describes the outcome of infant with Chiari II malformation that received tracheostomy for long-term ventilator support. Our …


Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist: Summation Of The Safety Proofs And Benefits, Landry Carneal Jan 2021

Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist: Summation Of The Safety Proofs And Benefits, Landry Carneal

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) is a mode of ventilation that is triggered by neither flow nor pressure but by the electrical activity of the diaphragm (Stein & Firestone, 2018, p. 227). NAVA puts ventilatory control into the hands of the patient and is often used in neonates who are more challenging to ventilate. Medical practitioners, however, are skeptical to put this mode of ventilation into practice with fear that neonates are neither strong enough nor capable to manage their own respiratory efforts without hypoventilation or damage to the lungs (Lubarsky et al., 2020, p. 3). Research shows that despite …


The Successful Rehabilitation Of A Complicated Mva Patient: A Case Report, Mike Hansen, Eric Jonsvold, Stanley Poole, Mark Steinhauer Mar 2020

The Successful Rehabilitation Of A Complicated Mva Patient: A Case Report, Mike Hansen, Eric Jonsvold, Stanley Poole, Mark Steinhauer

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

No abstract provided.


Increasing Kangaroo Care In A New Small Baby Unit, Dianne Wilderson, Barb Haney, Ashley Mirabile, Beckie Palmer, Jenny Heltzer, Erin Keith-Chancy Bsn,Ccrn, Brooke Smith, Christian Anthony Schneider, Abdebayo Oshodi Oct 2019

Increasing Kangaroo Care In A New Small Baby Unit, Dianne Wilderson, Barb Haney, Ashley Mirabile, Beckie Palmer, Jenny Heltzer, Erin Keith-Chancy Bsn,Ccrn, Brooke Smith, Christian Anthony Schneider, Abdebayo Oshodi

Posters

Project Aim: Increase the percent of eligible patients receiving kangaroo care from 19% to 30% by September 2019.

Results:

113 staff completed education

OT consults completed on all SBU patients

20 kangaroo wraps purchased

Kangaroo care rate in NICU increased from 19% (prior to SBU) to 36% (Post SBU opening).

Conclusion: Due to increased multidisciplinary awareness of importance of kangaroo care in the SBU more parents are completing kangaroo care.


The Decision Of Families And Hospice Nurses On Use Of Oxygen Therapy At End Of Life, Mary Gathoni, Janis Schiefelbein Apr 2019

The Decision Of Families And Hospice Nurses On Use Of Oxygen Therapy At End Of Life, Mary Gathoni, Janis Schiefelbein

Posters

Minimal research efforts have focused on why family members make the decision to use oxygen therapy for their loved one at end of life, and the thoughts of hospice nurses who recommend the use of oxygen. Many families and nurses believe the use of oxygen therapy in palliative care is a practice endorsed by the medical community. However, this is inconsistent with existing knowledge that oxygen use at end of life contributes to comfort and decreases breathlessness or dyspnea. Dyspnea, the sensation of breathlessness or inadequate breathing, is common for patients with end of life illnesses. Dyspnea occurs when an …


Åstrand-Rhyming And Ymca: A Compare And Contrast Literature Review Of Two Submaximal Cycle Ergometer Tests, Sean Roberts Jan 2019

Åstrand-Rhyming And Ymca: A Compare And Contrast Literature Review Of Two Submaximal Cycle Ergometer Tests, Sean Roberts

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

In the world of exercise prescription there are two major protocols that are used to test an individual’s aerobic capacity at a submaximal intensity using a stationary bicycle. These protocols require participants to exercise at a constant work rate until a specified hear rate is reached. Data can then be analyzed to determine the participant’s aerobic capacity. The objective of this literature review is to look at these two tests – the Åstrand-Rhyming cycle ergometer test (ARCET) and the YMCA cycle ergometer test – and determine if one is better than the other for different populations and which one an …