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Articles 1 - 30 of 22117

Full-Text Articles in Public Health

Ending The Silence On Mental Illness, Anna L. Tamulonis Oct 2017

Ending The Silence On Mental Illness, Anna L. Tamulonis

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

NAMI on Campus at Purdue University is a collegiate branch of the national, grassroots organization called the National Alliance on Mental Illness. As an effort to address the growing need for mental health education, our organization piloted Indiana’s first Ending the Silence program. It is an educational outreach program focused on teaching local junior high and high school students about mental health through an informative and interactive curriculum. There are five volunteers, myself included, who providd this presentation to the local community. The lead presenters share 30 minutes' worth of mental health information, including warning signs of a mental ...


Developing A Mobile Application: Improving Health Care Students’ Ability To Communicate, Kiersten Walters, Ilya Rybakov, Patricia L. Darbishire Oct 2017

Developing A Mobile Application: Improving Health Care Students’ Ability To Communicate, Kiersten Walters, Ilya Rybakov, Patricia L. Darbishire

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The purpose of this project was to develop, pilot, assess, and describe a new interdisciplinary, game-based phone application. The application is intended to help health care students better communicate medication and medical terminology to their patients and to other health care providers and insurance companies. This IRB-approved project called “PharmPhrase” was developed using an application-development software program. The pilot involved multiple groups of competing teams composed of volunteer pharmacy students in their first professional years who were randomly assigned into teams of three to five. The PharmPhrase user explains a randomly generated medical term to team members based on assumptions ...


A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire Oct 2017

A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The authors of this article developed and piloted a three-week intensive elective course for students in their third professional years in the Doctor of Pharmacy program. The goal of this course was to provide students with an opportunity to apply patient safety concepts in a real-world setting using service-learning as the pedagogy and to evaluate student perceptions of the course for potential implementation in the curriculum. Seven pharmacy students were enrolled in the pilot course and divided into three groups. Each group of two to three students was assigned to one of three predetermined community partner sites. Students were instructed ...


Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase Oct 2017

Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The advancement of global engagement opportunities will promote pharmacy students’ cultural awareness and sensitivity, expose students to treatment of diseases not commonly seen in modern Western medicine, and cultivate future leadership for the growth of global pharmacy practice. At Purdue University College of Pharmacy (PUCOP), limited opportunities exist for student pharmacists. As a result, identifying the needs and expanding student pharmacist access to global engagement experiences are critical to meet the changing needs of the US population. A survey was developed and distributed to 460 students at PUCOP, and 148 of them participated. Of those students, 89.2% were interested ...


Building Healthy Futures: Two Students’ Experiences With Global Health In Rural Ecuador, Varsha Kumar, Daniel Shyu Oct 2017

Building Healthy Futures: Two Students’ Experiences With Global Health In Rural Ecuador, Varsha Kumar, Daniel Shyu

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

This article highlights two students’ experience on Timmy Global Health’s medical brigade to Quito, Ecuador. Timmy is a nonprofit, Indiana-based organization dedicated to advocacy, service, and fundraising on a domestic and global scale. Every year, Timmy sends a group of sixteen students and medical professionals to Quito, Ecuador, over Purdue’s spring break to treat people in underserved communities who otherwise would not have access to quality health care. On this medical brigade, Timmy students travel to a different location each day for a week, set up clinic, and diagnose, treating nearly 100 patients a day. Those with conditions ...


Patient Care: The Forefront Of Pharmacy Practice, Dakota L. Richart Oct 2017

Patient Care: The Forefront Of Pharmacy Practice, Dakota L. Richart

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

For the past three years, Richart has been a member of APhA–ASP and has actively participated in numerous events. She planned, organized, and executed health fairs, educational presentations, and other direct patient care experiences alongside other members. An interaction as simple as a five-minute discussion with a patient about their blood pressure, antihypertensive medications, and lifestyle modifications can help save their life. Each patient interaction has impacted her by strengthening her communication skills, developing her professionalism, and providing confidence as she applies her knowledge with patients. Whether APhA–ASP’s events focus on a small audience at a local ...


Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno Oct 2017

Weight-Loss Treatment-Induced Physical Activity Associated With Improved Nutrition Through Changes In Social Cognitive Theory Variables In Women With Obesity, James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno

Health Behavior Research

Behavioral weight-loss treatments have typically been unsuccessful and a theoretical. Even when treatments were scientifically derived, theory has rarely been used to decompose, and understand the bases of, their effects. This 2-year study evaluated mediation of the prediction of nutritional changes by changes in physical activity, through social cognitive theory variables. Data from women with Class 1–2 obesity, classified as “insufficiently active” (N = 50; Mage = 47.6 years), were extracted from 2 initial trials of a new cognitive-behavioral intervention. That treatment sought to improve self-regulation, mood, and self-efficacy through increased physical activity, to then induce improved eating and ...


Relationship Of Self-Determination Theory Constructs And Physical Activity And Diet In A Mexican American Population In Nueces County, Texas, Joan E. Cowdery, Jiawei Xing, Brisa N. Sanchez, Kathleen M. Conley, Ken Resnicow, Lewis B. Morgenstern, Devin L. Brown Oct 2017

Relationship Of Self-Determination Theory Constructs And Physical Activity And Diet In A Mexican American Population In Nueces County, Texas, Joan E. Cowdery, Jiawei Xing, Brisa N. Sanchez, Kathleen M. Conley, Ken Resnicow, Lewis B. Morgenstern, Devin L. Brown

Health Behavior Research

Due to disparities in stroke risk among U.S. Hispanics, the need for culturally tailored, theory based effective health behavior change interventions persists. The purpose of this study was to examine self-determination theory (SDT) constructs related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a predominantly Mexican American population. The Stroke Health and Risk Education (SHARE) project was a cluster-randomized, faith-based behavioral intervention trial that enrolled Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) from Catholic Churches in Nueces County, Texas. Data regarding SDT constructs and dietary and physical activity behaviors were collected via computer-assisted interviews using standardized instruments at the baseline ...


The Future Of Health Behavior Research And Training: A Modified Delphi Study, Jay E. Maddock, M. Renée Umstattd Meyer, Adam Barry, Brian Colwell Oct 2017

The Future Of Health Behavior Research And Training: A Modified Delphi Study, Jay E. Maddock, M. Renée Umstattd Meyer, Adam Barry, Brian Colwell

Health Behavior Research

The purpose of the current study is to assess (1) health behavior researchers’ opinions on significant new foci emerging over the next 20 years, (2) disciplines that can serve as important partners, and (3) adjustments needed for doctoral training programs to prepare researchers for emerging trends. A two-wave modified Delphi procedure was employed to assess opinions and perspectives of current health behaviors researchers. Participants were recruited through email invitations sent to the membership listserv of the American Academy of Health Behavior. In Wave I, respondents generated up to three ideas for each of four prompts: (1) the biggest game changers ...


Reflections On 15 Years In The Global Tobacco Trenches, Kenneth D. Ward Oct 2017

Reflections On 15 Years In The Global Tobacco Trenches, Kenneth D. Ward

Health Behavior Research

This paper is based on my 2017 Research Laureate Presentation at the annual scientific meeting of the American Academy of Health Behavior in Tucson, Arizona. It provides a brief overview of the history of the smoking epidemic, and describes my work in global tobacco control, focusing on my experiences over the last 15 years as a co-founder and intervention director of the Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies (SCTS) in Aleppo, Syria. The SCTS is an NIH-funded research center that draws on a broad range of complementary expertise and resources from developed and developing nations to address the tobacco epidemic in ...


Commentary On Future Of Health Behavior Research: Aging Perspectives, Marcia G. Ory Oct 2017

Commentary On Future Of Health Behavior Research: Aging Perspectives, Marcia G. Ory

Health Behavior Research

This Commentary provides personal reflections on the future of health behavior research and the role of AAHB in the preparation of the next generation of researchers and educators for high quality relevant research and practice. Comments center around the four questions presented to Research Laureates at the 2017 AAHB Annual Meeting. Themes include: 1) a life-course perspective as a priority game changer in furthering health behavior research; 2) multiple disciplines to advance health behavior research; 3) pathways to a successful doctoral program; and 4) forward thinking for identifying risk factors for public health problems and contextually-based health behavior solutions.


The Future Of Health Behavior Research, John B. Lowe Oct 2017

The Future Of Health Behavior Research, John B. Lowe

Health Behavior Research

This commentary discusses the author's views of the future of health behavior research.


Building A Leadership Culture For Environmental Health In A Nurse-Led Clinic, Shanda L. Demorest, Teddie M. Potter, Jane Anderson, Kylee Funk, Michelle Napral, Austin Wagner Oct 2017

Building A Leadership Culture For Environmental Health In A Nurse-Led Clinic, Shanda L. Demorest, Teddie M. Potter, Jane Anderson, Kylee Funk, Michelle Napral, Austin Wagner

Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies

Climate change is the biggest global health threat of the 21st century (Costello et al., 2009). Temperature shifts caused by greenhouse gases have negative health impacts such as worsening of chronic diseases and increases in vector-borne diseases (American Public Health Association, 2016), which nurses are ethically responsible to address (American Nurses Association, 2015). At an interdisciplinary nurse-led clinic, staff were not prepared to assist patients in building resiliency related to the health impacts of climate change or to implement environmental sustainability in their workplace. Based on principles of partnership-based healthcare (Eisler & Potter, 2014), this project included Climate Conversations - sharing ...


Measuring Australian Children’S Water Safety Knowledge: The National Water Safety Quiz, Amy E. Peden, Richard Charles Franklin, Justin Scarr Oct 2017

Measuring Australian Children’S Water Safety Knowledge: The National Water Safety Quiz, Amy E. Peden, Richard Charles Franklin, Justin Scarr

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Water safety knowledge levels of Australian children are poorly understood. Royal Life Saving developed an online National Water Safety Quiz (NWSQ) as an interactive means of determining water safety knowledge amongst Australian primary school children (ages 5 to 12 years). Over a period of 8 months, a total of 4,215 children participated in the NWSQ. The NWSQ identified areas of water safety where knowledge was poor including the topics of CPR, swimming, and river safety. Children achieved a better result as they aged. Females out-performed males overall and specifically from ages 10-12 years. Children from independent schools performed better ...


Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviours Of New Zealand Youth In Surf Beach Environments, Stacey M. Pidgeon-Willcox, Bridget Kool, Kevin Moran Ph.D. Oct 2017

Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviours Of New Zealand Youth In Surf Beach Environments, Stacey M. Pidgeon-Willcox, Bridget Kool, Kevin Moran Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

New Zealand youth are over-represented in drowning statistics yet little is known about their understanding of water safety, especially in surf beach context. This study aimed to ascertain current youth surf safety knowledge, specifically rip current awareness, explore self-reported competencies and confidence when surf swimming, and examine youth behaviour when at the beach. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among senior high school students (n = 599) in Auckland, New Zealand. Over half (58%) reported they were unable to swim > 100 m in a pool. Males and students of European-New Zealand and Maori (New Zealand’s indigenous population) heritage were most likely ...


Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi Mcclary King Oct 2017

Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi Mcclary King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


Intergenerational Music Therapy : Bridging The Generational Gap Through Community-Based Music Making., Michael R. Detmer, Petra Kern, Jill Jacobi-Vessels, Kristi M. King Oct 2017

Intergenerational Music Therapy : Bridging The Generational Gap Through Community-Based Music Making., Michael R. Detmer, Petra Kern, Jill Jacobi-Vessels, Kristi M. King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


Mobile-Based Sidewalk Inventory App For Smart Communities, Health, And Safety, Madhav Erraguntla, Dursun Delen, Rupesh K. Agrawal, Karthic Madanagopal, Richard Mayer Oct 2017

Mobile-Based Sidewalk Inventory App For Smart Communities, Health, And Safety, Madhav Erraguntla, Dursun Delen, Rupesh K. Agrawal, Karthic Madanagopal, Richard Mayer

Suburban Sustainability

As the United States and other nations strive to cope with the obesity epidemic (NCHS, 2015), progressive communities are developing sidewalk infrastructure to promote physical activity and health. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that community-based interventions like neighborhood walk, bike programs etc. have shown to be effective in promoting physical activity and health. Smart cities are embracing the development of community trails and promoting their use to increase physical activity among youth and adults. System implementation, data collection, and analysis were performed from January 2015 through July 2015. To promote these objectives, communities and cities need accurate information ...


Presumed Consent For Organ Donation: Principlism Opts Out, Ryan M. Marquardt Oct 2017

Presumed Consent For Organ Donation: Principlism Opts Out, Ryan M. Marquardt

Bioethics in Faith and Practice

The number of available organs for transplant each year falls woefully short of the number of patients in need of donated organs in the United States. While approval numbers are very high for organ donation, the number of registered donors is much smaller. A commonly proposed solution to increase the pool of organ donors is to replace the current explicit consent policy with a presumed consent system, where everyone is considered to have consented as a donor unless they have opted out by joining a non-donor registry or by some other method. This proposal raises many ethical questions that must ...


Ambulance Services For Medicare Beneficiaries: State Differences In Usage, 2012-2014, Suzanne Troske, Alison Davis Oct 2017

Ambulance Services For Medicare Beneficiaries: State Differences In Usage, 2012-2014, Suzanne Troske, Alison Davis

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Ambulance services are at risk of scaling back or dissolving in some places. We analyzed Medicare beneficiaries’ use of ambulance services across the U.S. Improved understanding of how beneficiaries, most of whom are elderly, use these services provides vital information for policymakers who set rules and regulations about access to the services.


Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines And Health Outcomes In The Elderly: Are Racial Differences Important?, R. Michael Johnson Oct 2017

Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines And Health Outcomes In The Elderly: Are Racial Differences Important?, R. Michael Johnson

Michael C. Johnson

Physical activity guidelines for health improvement were recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2008. Today, data on individuals’ adherence to the CDC guidelines are collected as part of its Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BFRSS) survey. While racial disparities in health outcomes are well documented, analyses of the BRFSS data have the potential to shed light on whether there are racial differences in the relationship between physical activity and health outcomes.

The 2015 (BRFSS) dataset contained responses from 441,456 individuals, including 42,516 over the age of 65 who had complete data on the ...


Using Ranked Auxiliary Covariate As A More Efficient Sampling Design For Ancova Model: Analysis Of A Psychological Intervention To Buttress Resilience, Rajai Jabrah, Hani Samawi, Robert Vogel, Haresh Rochani, Daniel Linder Oct 2017

Using Ranked Auxiliary Covariate As A More Efficient Sampling Design For Ancova Model: Analysis Of A Psychological Intervention To Buttress Resilience, Rajai Jabrah, Hani Samawi, Robert Vogel, Haresh Rochani, Daniel Linder

Robert L. Vogel

Drawing a sample can be costly or time consuming in some studies. However, it may be possible to rank the sampling units according to some baseline auxiliary covariates, which are easily obtainable, and/or cost efficient. Ranked set sampling (RSS) is a method to achieve this goal. In this paper, we propose a modified approach of the RSS method to allocate units into an experimental study that compares L groups. Computer simulation estimates the empirical nominal values and the empirical power values for the test procedure of comparing L different groups using modified RSS based on the regression approach in ...


The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel Oct 2017

The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel

Robert L. Vogel

Despite multiple health benefits of strength training, it is reported that only 14.7% of American women engage in the recommended amount of physical activity. Whereas the potential negative consequences of not exercising are well documented, there is a scarcity of literature that investigates the determinants of strength training in rural women. In-depth interviews were utilized to identify the perceptions, knowledge, motivation, and skills regarding strength training. Fifteen women from four target counties participated in this qualitative study. The study was guided by Self-determination Theory. Results indicated that factors such as the lack of knowledge about strength training, the lack ...


Evaluating The Efficiency Of Treatment Comparison In Crossover Design By Allocating Subjects Based On Ranked Auxiliary Variable, Yisong Huang, Hani Samawi, Robert Vogel, Jingjing Yin, Worlanyo E. Gato, Daniel Linder Oct 2017

Evaluating The Efficiency Of Treatment Comparison In Crossover Design By Allocating Subjects Based On Ranked Auxiliary Variable, Yisong Huang, Hani Samawi, Robert Vogel, Jingjing Yin, Worlanyo E. Gato, Daniel Linder

Robert L. Vogel

The validity of statistical inference depends on proper randomization methods. However, even with proper randomization, we can have imbalanced with respect to important characteristics. In this paper, we introduce a method based on ranked auxiliary variables for treatment allocation in crossover designs using Latin squares models. We evaluate the improvement of the efficiency in treatment comparisons using the proposed method. Our simulation study reveals that our proposed method provides a more powerful test compared to simple randomization with the same sample size. The proposed method is illustrated by conducting an experiment to compare two different concentrations of titanium dioxide nanofiber ...


Correction Of Verification Bias By Application Of Homogeneous Log-Linear Models For A Single Scale Binary Diagnostic Test, Haresh D. Rochani, Hani M. Samawi, Robert L. Vogel, Jingjing Yin Oct 2017

Correction Of Verification Bias By Application Of Homogeneous Log-Linear Models For A Single Scale Binary Diagnostic Test, Haresh D. Rochani, Hani M. Samawi, Robert L. Vogel, Jingjing Yin

Robert L. Vogel

In patient management and control of many infectious diseases it is very crucial to have accurate diagnostic test. The test/procedure that determines the true disease status without an error is referred to as gold standard test. Even when a gold standard exist, it is extremely difficult to verify each patient due to the issues of cost-effectiveness and invasive nature of the procedures. In practice some of the patients with test results are not selected for verification of the disease status which results into a verification bias for diagnostic tests. The ability of the diagnostic tests to correctly identify the ...


Persistent Organic Pollutants And Mortality In The United States, Nhanes 1999-2011., Kristiann Fry, Melinda C Power Oct 2017

Persistent Organic Pollutants And Mortality In The United States, Nhanes 1999-2011., Kristiann Fry, Melinda C Power

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

Background

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are environmentally and biologically persistent chemicals that include polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and organochlorine (OC) pesticides. Currently, data on the associations between exposure to POPs and the risk of mortality in the U.S. population is limited.

Our objective was to determine if higher exposure to POPs is associated with greater risk of all-cause, cancer, heart/cerebrovascular disease, or other-cause mortality.

Methods

Analyses included participants aged 60 years and older from the 1999–2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). We included 483 participants for analyses ...


Pharmacy Practice And The Michigan Immunization Registry: Results From A Multi-Organizational Collaborative Study, Jeff Goad, Albert Bach Oct 2017

Pharmacy Practice And The Michigan Immunization Registry: Results From A Multi-Organizational Collaborative Study, Jeff Goad, Albert Bach

Jeff Goad

No abstract provided.


Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen Oct 2017

Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Researchers and youth stakeholders devised a survey on 27 adversities based on youth expertise, clinical practice, and adversity literature. The aim of the study was to understand the prevalence of individual and cumulative adversities, and association of adversities to age, gender, race/ethnicity and academic performance among a community sample of urban high school students. All participants experienced two or more adversities and experienced greater overall adversity than youth in population-based studies. Youth-proposed stressors were among the most prevalent, and females, older youth, and African American youth reported disproportionately greater number of adversities. Specific types of adversities were endorsed differentially ...


I Want An Omnipotent Doctor: North Korean Defectors’ Unmet Expectations Of South Korean Medical Providers, Soo Jung Hong Oct 2017

I Want An Omnipotent Doctor: North Korean Defectors’ Unmet Expectations Of South Korean Medical Providers, Soo Jung Hong

The Qualitative Report

This study examines North Korean defectors’ unmet expectations of South Korean medical providers from the perspectives of both North Korean defectors and their medical providers. Seventeen defectors and 12 medical providers were recruited for focus groups and in-depth interviews. Grounded theory was used for data analysis. Data indicates the North Korean defectors were not satisfied with their providers because they (1) preferred human techniques over computerized technology, (2) expected the doctors to be omnipotent, and (3) expected to receive emergency medical service but did not expect to pay for it. Their medical providers felt that it was impossible to satisfy ...


Drawbacks Of Utilizing The Logit Link In Propensity Score Weighting Adjustment, Evrim Oral Oct 2017

Drawbacks Of Utilizing The Logit Link In Propensity Score Weighting Adjustment, Evrim Oral

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.