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Full-Text Articles in Public Health

Bhatti Rad Abstract.Pdf, Megan Bhatti Dec 2018

Bhatti Rad Abstract.Pdf, Megan Bhatti

Megan Bhatti

No abstract provided.


Food Access And Dignity Among University Of Wyoming Students, Alanna Elder Dec 2018

Food Access And Dignity Among University Of Wyoming Students, Alanna Elder

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Because Albany County is the home of the state’s only four-year university, there is a question as to how the student population affects the proportion of county residents considered food insecure. Until now, it has been unclear how many students are struggling to access food. In 2017, a group of University of Wyoming faculty and administrators from the Department of Agricultural Economics, Financial Services, and the Office of Academic Affairs signed up for The Ohio State University’s College Study on Financial Wellness, which included a food security module (Alexander). Surveying 722 undergraduates and using USDA metrics, the researchers ...


Project Renew Worcester, Danni Yue, Amy Zhang, Jing Han, Omid Ashrafi, Yiming Xu Dec 2018

Project Renew Worcester, Danni Yue, Amy Zhang, Jing Han, Omid Ashrafi, Yiming Xu

School of Professional Studies

n The client for this capstone project is RENEW Worcester which is a fledgling solar power project whose main goals are to bring renewable energy in the form of solar power into local, primarily low-income communities and are committed to the mission of making the transition off of fossil fuels to clean, renewable power. Based in Worcester, Massachusetts, they are a local chapter of Co-op Power which is a consumer-owned sustainable energy cooperative (co-op) made up of numerous different local chapters all over the New England area as well as the state of New York. The problem that we will ...


Increasing Access To Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) Among Transgender Women And Trans Feminine Non-Binary Individuals In New York City, Augustus Klein Sep 2018

Increasing Access To Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) Among Transgender Women And Trans Feminine Non-Binary Individuals In New York City, Augustus Klein

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the United States transgender women (i.e., individuals born male whose gender identity is on the feminine spectrum) are a highly vulnerable and marginalized population at high risk for HIV. Substance use, survival sex work, depression, unstable housing, and high levels of victimization and violence are commonly reported by transgender women and trans feminine individuals, indicating the potential for multiple concurrent HIV risks and underlying vulnerabilities. Structural forms of discrimination may contribute to these risk factors, possibly leading to poor outcomes such as unemployment or underemployment, homelessness, and lack of access to gender-affirming health care. Given this context, a ...


Casualties Of Racism: Racial And Ethnic Discrimination And Suicidal Thoughts And Behaviors Among Racial And Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults, Lillian Anais Polanco Sep 2018

Casualties Of Racism: Racial And Ethnic Discrimination And Suicidal Thoughts And Behaviors Among Racial And Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults, Lillian Anais Polanco

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The evidence demonstrating that experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination is detrimental to the mental health of racial/ethnic minority youth is unequivocal. What remains unclear, however, is whether racial/ethnic discrimination increases vulnerability for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in particular, and if so, what are the underlying mechanisms to explain this relation. Drawing upon the Race-based Traumatic Stress Theory (Carter, 2007), which suggests that some individuals may experience racial/ethnic discrimination as a traumatic stressor, and thus, eliciting a traumatic stress response, the present study examined posttraumatic stress reactions (i.e., posttraumatic stress, depression, dissociation, stress sensitivity) as mediators in ...


Linking Hostile/Helpless Maternal Representations In Pregnancy And Later Child Protection Involvement: A Pilot Study, Madeleine Terry Sep 2018

Linking Hostile/Helpless Maternal Representations In Pregnancy And Later Child Protection Involvement: A Pilot Study, Madeleine Terry

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The present pilot study examined whether there are reliable indices in the narratives of pregnant women that can be used to identify child abuse and neglect potential before the birth of the child. The Hostile/Helpless (HH) Classification system (Lyons-Ruth et al., 1995-2005), which detects mental states associated with trauma, disturbances in early attachment, and severe pathology, was adapted for use with the Pregnancy Interview (PI), a semi-structured clinical interview (Slade, 2003) that assesses a woman's emotional experience of pregnancy, and quality of her developing relationship with her baby. The study sample was drawn from a replication study of ...


Health Professional Treatment Practices For Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease In Nigeria, Natalie Wichelt Aug 2018

Health Professional Treatment Practices For Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease In Nigeria, Natalie Wichelt

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a genetic defect that results in abnormal hemoglobin genes that can cause devastating health effects like chronic hemolytic anemia and vaso-occlusive crises. Additionally, sickle cell disease can cause defects in the immune system, leaving those with the disease highly susceptible to a variety of different infections. In the pediatric population specifically, the complications of sickle cell disease contribute significantly to the under-five mortality rate of Nigeria. In response to the Millennium Development Goals 4, 5 and 6, as well as with growing national concern over the challenges faced by sickle cell disease ...


Disaster Preparedness And Response In Older Adults: A Review And Discussion., Alan M. Batt, Shannon Delport, Fergal H. Cummins Jul 2018

Disaster Preparedness And Response In Older Adults: A Review And Discussion., Alan M. Batt, Shannon Delport, Fergal H. Cummins

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino Jul 2018

Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Adapted Aquatics For Children With Severe Motor Impairments, Phillip Conatser, Eric James, Ulku Karabulut Jul 2018

Adapted Aquatics For Children With Severe Motor Impairments, Phillip Conatser, Eric James, Ulku Karabulut

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Available research clearly shows that more children who have disabilities, including those with severe disabilities, are participating in swimming programs as well as wanting to be taught in a regular aquatic class without being segregated. Aquatic instructors need to prepare lessons that include children both with and without disabilities. This means that aquatics instructors need to understand and be willing to implement unique teaching and managerial techniques that foster the safe and successful learning environment for all children. While the task of teaching children who have severe disabilities may seem difficult at first, with a little knowledge and experience, instructors ...


Water And Sediment Microbial Quality Of Mountain And Agricultural Streams, Pramod Pandey, Michelle L. Soupir, Yi Wang, Wenlong Cao, Sagor Biswas, Venkata Vaddella, Robert Atwill, Venkatesh Merwade, Gregory Pasternack Jul 2018

Water And Sediment Microbial Quality Of Mountain And Agricultural Streams, Pramod Pandey, Michelle L. Soupir, Yi Wang, Wenlong Cao, Sagor Biswas, Venkata Vaddella, Robert Atwill, Venkatesh Merwade, Gregory Pasternack

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Increased public health risk caused by pathogen contamination in streams is a serious issue, and mitigating the risk requires improvement in existing microbial monitoring of streams. To improve understanding of microbial contamination in streams, we monitored Escherichia coli in stream water columns and streambed sediment. Two distinct streams and their subwatersheds were studied: (i) a mountain stream (Merced River, California), which represents pristine and wild conditions, and (ii) an agricultural stream (Squaw Creek, Iowa), which represents an agricultural setting (i.e., crop, manure application, cattle access). Stream water column and sediment samples were collected in multiple locations in the Merced ...


Perceived Stressors Of Hospitalized Patients’ Family In Cardiac Care Unites: A Qualitative Content Analysis, Parand Pourghane, Maryam Rajab Pour Nikfam, Abbas Ebadi Jul 2018

Perceived Stressors Of Hospitalized Patients’ Family In Cardiac Care Unites: A Qualitative Content Analysis, Parand Pourghane, Maryam Rajab Pour Nikfam, Abbas Ebadi

The Qualitative Report

The present study attempts to justify the factors inducing stress in the families of patients hospitalized in cardiac intensive care units in the east of Guilan province in Iran. The study aims at gaining an accurate understanding on these stressors for appropriate planning directed at removing or decreasing these tension-inducing components. The present study is a qualitative study based upon a conventional content analysis approach. The study population was selected through purposive sampling (28 family members of cardiac patients), and the data were gathered through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was performed as per the stages recommended by Graneheim and Lundman ...


Principles Of Nutrition Textbook, Lisa Jellum, Jason Hitzeman, Mark Knauss, Sharryse Henderson, Tom Harnden, Cynthia Elsberry, Greg Ford Jul 2018

Principles Of Nutrition Textbook, Lisa Jellum, Jason Hitzeman, Mark Knauss, Sharryse Henderson, Tom Harnden, Cynthia Elsberry, Greg Ford

Nursing and Health Sciences Open Textbooks

This Open Textbook for Principles of Nutrition was created under a Round Nine ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Topics covered:

  • Chapter 1: Nutrition Basics
  • Chapter 2: Macronutrient Structures
  • Chapter 3: Macronutrient Digestion
  • Chapter 4: Macronutrient Uptake, Absorption, & Transport
  • Chapter 5: Common Digestive Problems
  • Chapter 6: Macronutrient Metabolism
  • Chapter 7: Integration of Macronutrient Metabolism
  • Chapter 8: Micronutrients Overview & Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
  • Chapter 9: Antioxidant Micronutrients
  • Chapter 10: Macronutrient Metabolism Micronutrients
  • Chapter 11: Carbon Metabolism Micronutrients
  • Chapter 12: Blood, Bones & Teeth Micronutrients
  • Chapter 13: Electrolyte Micronutrients
  • Chapter 14: Achieving a Healthy Diet
  • Chapter 15: Diet and Health- Chronic Disease Prevention
  • Chapter 16 ...


Assessment Of Health Literacy Level In 18-30 Year-Old Adults, An Iranian Experience, Masoumeh Ansari, Fatemeh Mohammad-Moradi, Mehrdad Khaledian, Maryam Shekofteh, Asrin Karimi, Ali Valinejadi Jul 2018

Assessment Of Health Literacy Level In 18-30 Year-Old Adults, An Iranian Experience, Masoumeh Ansari, Fatemeh Mohammad-Moradi, Mehrdad Khaledian, Maryam Shekofteh, Asrin Karimi, Ali Valinejadi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Objective: Health literacy is knowledge for comprehension, assessment and achievement of health and benefit of it in life finally to health promotion. People, who have little health literacy, have less knowledge about their health condition therefore they don’t take sufficient preventive services instead they receive more hospital and emergency units' services. Identification and promotion of health literacy level is one of the best solutions to increase social health and play important role in making healthy social in future, too.

Design and setting: This descriptive study, about 170 people (ranging from18-30 year-old) who referred to Shemiranat health network in end ...


Functional Polymorphisms Of Alcohol Metabolism Genes And Their Protection Against Alcoholism Via Gene Therapy: A Systematic Review, Olivia Tzeng Jul 2018

Functional Polymorphisms Of Alcohol Metabolism Genes And Their Protection Against Alcoholism Via Gene Therapy: A Systematic Review, Olivia Tzeng

Psychological Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Around 45% of East Asians are unable to fully metabolize ethanol due to functional

polymorphisms of alcohol metabolism genes, specifically alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). These individuals display high levels of toxic blood acetaldehyde when consuming alcohol, causing symptoms such as tachycardia, vomiting, and flushing. The studies included in this review examine how functional polymorphisms of ADH and ALDH protect against alcoholism in addition to how polymorphisms can be utilized as protection against alcoholism via gene therapy. The studies included found that carriers of the ADH and ALDH polymorphisms were 66 to 99% genetically protected against alcoholism. Through ...


Adults Using Long Term Services And Supports: Population And Service Use Trends In Maine, Sfy 2016, Kimberley I. Snow Mhsa, Ba, Frances Jimenez, Tina Gressani, Louise Olsen Jul 2018

Adults Using Long Term Services And Supports: Population And Service Use Trends In Maine, Sfy 2016, Kimberley I. Snow Mhsa, Ba, Frances Jimenez, Tina Gressani, Louise Olsen

Disability & Aging

All of us have likely either used, will use, or know someone who uses long term services and support (LTSS). They enable us to live with dignity and as much independence as possible and offer us the opportunity to remain involved and productive in our communities. The need for LTSS can arise suddenly after injury or illness or a life-long condition. But how ever the need arises, the impact is the same—services such as personal care, work support, home health care, and residential care provide not just for individual health and comfort, but also for interaction, inclusion, and engagement ...


Dose-Response Of Cotton Dust Exposure With Lung Function Among Textile Workers: Multitex Study In Karachi, Pakistan, Naureen Akber Ali, Asaad A. Nafees, Zafar Fatmi, Iqbal Azam Syed Jul 2018

Dose-Response Of Cotton Dust Exposure With Lung Function Among Textile Workers: Multitex Study In Karachi, Pakistan, Naureen Akber Ali, Asaad A. Nafees, Zafar Fatmi, Iqbal Azam Syed

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: Cotton dust exposure among textile mill workers lead to impaired lung function. However, only few studies have investigated the dose-response relationship between cotton dust and lung function.
Objective: To determine the dose-response relationship between cotton dust exposure and lung function among textile workers.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to March 2016 and included 303 adult male textile workers from spinning and weaving sections of 5 mills in Karachi, Pakistan. We collected data through a translated version of the American Thoracic Society respiratory questionnaire (ATS-DLD-78A) and using spirometry. Mill-level airborne cotton dust was measured ...


Health Care Provider Personal Religious Preferences And Their Perspective On Advance Care Planning With Patients, Majorie A. Bowman, Sarah St. Cyr, Adrienne Stolfi Jul 2018

Health Care Provider Personal Religious Preferences And Their Perspective On Advance Care Planning With Patients, Majorie A. Bowman, Sarah St. Cyr, Adrienne Stolfi

Population and Public Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Objective:

To understand how health-care providers’ (HCPs) religious preferences influence their willingness to undertake advance care planning (ACP) with patients and their acceptance of other HCP’s involvement.

Methods:

Online anonymous survey distributed to HCPs in hospital, ambulatory offices, and hospice settings in Dayton, Ohio. We evaluated the associations of HCP religion with their personal ACP, willingness to facilitate ACP, and acceptance of other HCPs’ ACP participation.

Results:

704 respondents: nurses (66.2%), physicians (18.8%), other HCPs (15.0%), white (88.9%), and primarily Catholic (23.3%) or Protestant (32.0%). “No religion” was marked by 13.9%. Respondents ...


Unearthing The Truth About (Dirt) Soil Jun 2018

Unearthing The Truth About (Dirt) Soil

DePaul Magazine

A multifaceted article that looks at soil and its relationship to agriculture and urban farming, mitigating food deserts, climate change and public health.


Beliefs Of Adolescents On Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Abstinence: A Reasoned Action Approach Elicitation Study, Dominique Beaulieu, Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Dominic Simard, Danielle Boucher Jun 2018

Beliefs Of Adolescents On Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Abstinence: A Reasoned Action Approach Elicitation Study, Dominique Beaulieu, Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Dominic Simard, Danielle Boucher

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Introduction. Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with many health problems, such as obesity and cardiovascular diseases. Objectives. To identify adolescents’ beliefs concerning SSB abstinence. Methods. Based on the Reasoned Action Approach, thirty semi-structured interviews were conducted with adolescents (12-17 years). They were selected based on age, sex and setting in order to ensure a broad representation of adolescents from two French-speaking regions of the province of Quebec in Canada (Eastern Canada). Adolescents were invited to answer eight open-ended questions regarding SSB abstinence in the next month. A qualitative content analysis was performed independently by two experts to identify the ...


Variation In Airborne Pollen Concentrations Among Five Monitoring Locations In A Desert Urban Environment, Tanviben Y. Patel, Mark P. Buttner, David Rivas, Chad L. Cross, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Joram S. Seggev Jun 2018

Variation In Airborne Pollen Concentrations Among Five Monitoring Locations In A Desert Urban Environment, Tanviben Y. Patel, Mark P. Buttner, David Rivas, Chad L. Cross, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Joram S. Seggev

Environmental & Occupational Health Faculty Publications

The urbanization of the Las Vegas Valley has transformed this part of the Mohave Desert into a green oasis by introducing many non-native plant species, some of which are allergenic. Typically, one monitoring station is established per city to obtain pollen counts for an entire metropolitan area. However, variations in pollen concentrations could occur among different microenvironments. The objective of this study is to measure and compare pollen concentrations in five locations in Las Vegas to determine if there are significant differences between microenvironments within the city. Air samples were collected from five sites across the Las Vegas Valley over ...


Cellphone Usage And The Risk Of Cancer, Mia Ye Jun 2018

Cellphone Usage And The Risk Of Cancer, Mia Ye

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Introduction: As the use of cell phones have increased immensely in the last two decades, so has public concern regarding cell phone and its relationship to cancer. Cell phones emit radio frequency waves, a type of electromagnetic energy. Theoretically, these radiofrequency waves are considered as a form of non-ionizing radiation, and do not contain enough energy to damage DNA. However, human and animal studies on cell phone use and cancer risk have shown mixed results. The Danish cohort study, one of the largest long-term studies to date, compared everyone in Denmark with cell phone subscriptions between 1982 and 1995, and ...


[2018 Winner] Filipino Americans: A Health Profile Addressing Health Disparities And The Effects Of U.S. Assimilation And Discrimination, Marisol Cruz Jun 2018

[2018 Winner] Filipino Americans: A Health Profile Addressing Health Disparities And The Effects Of U.S. Assimilation And Discrimination, Marisol Cruz

Ethnic Studies Award

Filipino Americans have a rich history in migrating to the U.S as well as assimilating into American culture. They have a distinct immigrant experience because of their colonial past. This paper states Filipino American U.S demographics, health statistics, and traditional health beliefs and practices to understand Filipino American culture and beliefs. Lastly, there is an emphasis in the leading health disparity among them, heart disease, and the effects of racism and discrimination and how that impacts a Filipino Americans overall physical and mental health.


Health Literacy, Care Transition And Adherence With Discharge Instructions Of Patients Discharged To Home From The Emergency Department, Virginia B. Mangolds Jun 2018

Health Literacy, Care Transition And Adherence With Discharge Instructions Of Patients Discharged To Home From The Emergency Department, Virginia B. Mangolds

Graduate School of Nursing Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between health literacy, preparedness for discharge, adherence to discharge instructions and difficulty coping after discharge among emergency department patients.

Specific Aims: The Aims of this study were to: (1) describe the variability of health literacy of adult patients in an academic tertiary Emergency Department; (2) describe the relationship between health literacy, care transition, and perceived readiness for discharge on the patient’s adherence to discharge instructions and (3) explore whether health literacy, perceived preparation for discharge and care transition, predicts difficulty coping after discharge.

Framework: Dr. Meleis’s Transitions ...


Dominique Gummelt, Dominique Gummelt Jun 2018

Dominique Gummelt, Dominique Gummelt

Summer 2018

It is so easy to live or work alongside someone for many years and not really know them. I have always been inspired by the energy, passion and cheerfulness of our director of University Health & Wellness, Dominique Gummelt, but I have never spent time getting to know her. This week I decided it was time to change that reality. I am glad I did. As she shared her story with me, I discovered some interesting facts. Dominique came to the United States as an exchange student at age 16 and has lived here since that time. Life had been difficult ...


Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels Jun 2018

Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Women’S Healthcare In Cuba, Hannah M. Van Curen Jun 2018

Women’S Healthcare In Cuba, Hannah M. Van Curen

Student Works

Cuba’s healthcare system has been an important discussion since it became socialized in 1965. The seemingly prestigious and highly criticized system has had global impact: from the break of tradition from conservative Latin American countries, to the almost idyllic approach Cuba has taken proving socialism can exist. This paper explores the major differences between Cuba’s and America’s approach to women’s healthcare. This paper examines different aspects of women's health care through interviews of locals and observation of different clinics around the island. The topics include maternity leave, child care, abortions, and sex education. While there ...


The Health Of Migrant Farmworkers In The Pacific Northwest: Access, Quality, And Health Disparities, Marleny Silva Jun 2018

The Health Of Migrant Farmworkers In The Pacific Northwest: Access, Quality, And Health Disparities, Marleny Silva

Global Honors Theses

The health and well-being of migrant farmworkers have been neglected in the U.S. despite the prevalent reliance on undocumented foreign labor to fill the needs of the agricultural industry. In 1942, the U.S. signed a bilateral agreement with Mexico which allowed the recruitment of Mexican workers for temporary work in U.S. fields until the end of the program in 1964. This program contributed to the increase of Mexican migration even after its termination and reaffirmed our nation’s dependence on migrant farm workers, both documented and undocumented. Due to their undocumented status, undocumented migrant farmworkers experience neglect ...


Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe Jun 2018

Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

Purpose: This review systematically identified and critically appraised the available literature that has examined the association between religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S) and quality of life (QOL) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: We searched several electronic online databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and CINAHL) from database inception until October 2017. Included articles were peer-reviewed, published in English, and quantitatively examined the association between R/S and QOL. We assessed the methodological quality of each included study.

Results: The 15 articles included were published between 2002 and 2017. Most studies were conducted in the US and enrolled patients with ...


Obat Aborsi Berau 081901222272 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Berau, Apotik Cytotec, Apotik Cytotec Jun 2018

Obat Aborsi Berau 081901222272 Jual Obat Cytotec Di Berau, Apotik Cytotec, Apotik Cytotec

Apotik Cytotec

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