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Full-Text Articles in Palliative Nursing

Improving Spiritual Care Competency Among Intensive Care Unit Nurses: Promoting Holistic Patient Care Towards End-Of-Life, Joanne Nguyen, Dana Bagis Jan 2024

Improving Spiritual Care Competency Among Intensive Care Unit Nurses: Promoting Holistic Patient Care Towards End-Of-Life, Joanne Nguyen, Dana Bagis

Nursing | Senior Theses

Intensive care unit (ICU) nurses play a crucial role in providing physiological stabilizing care in a dynamic and fast-paced environment, often marked by constant changes and variability in complex patients. Despite their specialization, the aspect of spiritual care tends to be overlooked, particularly in the context of end-of-life care. This is significant because previous studies have shown that a lack of spiritual care leads to poorer health outcomes, decreased coping, increased depression, and diminished quality of life for patients. This research proposal aims to investigate the spiritual care competency among ICU nurses who partake in spiritual care-based training, with the …


Palliative Care Referral Protocol: Best Practice Toolkit For Improving Early Referral Rate For Adult Cancer Patients, Linda Dinh Nguyen Dec 2023

Palliative Care Referral Protocol: Best Practice Toolkit For Improving Early Referral Rate For Adult Cancer Patients, Linda Dinh Nguyen

Student Scholarly Projects

Despite the benefits of palliative care being well-documented in studies and early palliative care services being strongly recommended by reputable organizations, such as the American Society of Clinical Oncology, many patients did not receive or received late referrals (Pigni et al., 2022). This mainly occurs because oncologists commonly base their referrals on perceived needs and clinical judgment (Smith et al., 2017). Thus, this program development project aimed to create a toolkit to improve early identification and referral to palliative care for adult patients who would benefit from palliative care services. The PICO question that guides this program is: In ambulatory …


Palliative Care And Quality Of Life Improvement: A Benchmark Study, Rebecca Daniels Dec 2023

Palliative Care And Quality Of Life Improvement: A Benchmark Study, Rebecca Daniels

MSN Capstone Projects

This project provides an overview of the standard and regular implementation of palliative care versus early implementation of palliative care in patients with chronic or terminal illnesses. Palliative care is an essential component of healthcare that focuses on improving the quality of life and providing support to patients through holistic elements to patients and their families facing chronic and terminal illnesses. With evidence-based research, many articles have been published with implementation of early palliative care showing improvement in patient and even caregiver quality of life. This project includes evidence gathered from mixed methods of systematic review of existing literature, randomized …


Advance Care Planning: Best Practice Toolkit For Improving Access To Advance Care Planning Using Telehealth Visits, Jae Jackson Dec 2023

Advance Care Planning: Best Practice Toolkit For Improving Access To Advance Care Planning Using Telehealth Visits, Jae Jackson

Student Scholarly Projects

Advance care planning (ACP) predominately occurs during a life-threatening crisis or during an inpatient admission. The primary care provider (PCP) is generally not the healthcare provider addressing ACP at the time of a crisis or during an inpatient admission. Being proactive in limiting ACP decisions with unfamiliar providers, uncomfortable environments, and increasing access to ACP discussions with PCPs are supportive reasons to utilize an ACP telehealth toolkit in primary care. Patients risk having ACP discussions with random providers, environments that don’t provide comfort when having such personal discussions, or not having the peaceful death they deserve without having an ACP …


Lactation Benefits, Experiences, And Education In Bereaved Mothers: A Literature Review, Grace Davis Dec 2023

Lactation Benefits, Experiences, And Education In Bereaved Mothers: A Literature Review, Grace Davis

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Background: Parents who lose an infant through miscarriage, elective termination, or stillbirth experience perinatal bereavement (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022). A bereaved mother’s grief could be influenced by lactation as most will still experience lactation regardless of their loss. Generally, these women are solely taught to suppress their milk production, oftentimes resulting in discomfort, leakage, clogged ducts, and even mastitis (Carroll et al., 2020). To prevent adverse effects, bereaved mothers need a comprehensive list of options and education regarding lactation including donation, expression, and suppression. Bereaved mothers' lactation experiences, education, and benefits are vital areas to be …


Exploring The Patients’ And Family Members’ Perspectives On Home-Based Palliative Care, Nadia Sultan Ali Nov 2023

Exploring The Patients’ And Family Members’ Perspectives On Home-Based Palliative Care, Nadia Sultan Ali

Theses & Dissertations

Background: Home health care is considered as a partial substitute for institutional long-term care, because patients and families with known poor prognoses prefer to stay home with their loved ones and people mostly cannot bear the cost of care at the hospital. Therefore, the importance of home-based palliative care is raised via a shared and coordinated model for saving lives through care.
Purpose: To explore patients' and family members' perspectives and experiences of receiving home-based palliative care services.
Method: This was a qualitative exploratory study conducted in Karachi, targeting patients and family members receiving home-based palliative care services. The data …


Lost In Interpretation: The Lived Experience Of Nurse Interpreters In The Clinical Setting, Byron Batz Nov 2023

Lost In Interpretation: The Lived Experience Of Nurse Interpreters In The Clinical Setting, Byron Batz

Dissertations

The use of language interpreters in the health care setting constitutes a vital part of provider-patient communication but remains a relatively unexplored phenomenon. Registered nurses (RNs) are often called upon to serve as interpreters when linguistically diverse patients constitute a large segment of the patient population. That RNs serve simultaneously in an interpreter role – in addition to clinical and advocacy roles – is a complex facet of contemporary nursing practice in a diverse U.S. culture. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine the lived experience of RNs serving as interpreters in health care institutions in Southern …


Assessment Of Self-Efficacy And Practice Change Following Pressure Injury Education In A Long-Term Care Facility, Charity L. Booker Nov 2023

Assessment Of Self-Efficacy And Practice Change Following Pressure Injury Education In A Long-Term Care Facility, Charity L. Booker

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this scholarly project was to evaluate if pressure injury education improved nursing knowledge and self-efficacy in the prevention and management of pressure injuries with the intent to improve practice. A literature review was conducted to evaluate educational interventions for adult learners and nursing roles in the care process. Existing studies indicated that patient outcomes are improved when nurses have adequate knowledge in pressure injury prevention. This quality improvement project was implemented in a long-term care facility with 28 nursing staff. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality pressure injury best practices presentation was the basis for the …


Discordant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation At An Academic Midwest Medical Center- Prevalence And Solutions, Jeremy Payne, Anne Skinner, David Gannon, Jenenne A. Geske Oct 2023

Discordant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation At An Academic Midwest Medical Center- Prevalence And Solutions, Jeremy Payne, Anne Skinner, David Gannon, Jenenne A. Geske

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Background: Code status orders are important features of patient-centered clinical decisions, patient autonomy, and end-of-life care. Despite proper documentation of “do not resuscitate” (DNR) code status, hospitalized patients may be subjected to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) efforts that go against their wishes.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to identify and describe the population of hospitalized patients receiving discordant resuscitation efforts at a Midwest academic medical center utilizing electronic health records (EHR).

Method: The study included EHR records between 01/01/2011 and 01/01/2021 for hospitalized patients 19 years and older who experienced cardiac arrest (ICD-10 I46) and were documented as DNR. …


Exploring The Unmet Care Needs Of Women With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd), Jessica Madiraca Oct 2023

Exploring The Unmet Care Needs Of Women With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd), Jessica Madiraca

MUSC Theses and Dissertations

The primary objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of study procedures to and explore the unmet needs and potential barriers of women with advanced COPD who may need palliative care (PC). This multi-method study was guided by the adapted Hierarchy of Needs Model and explored unmet care needs, assessed knowledge of PC services, and identified barriers that women experience when receiving or during the implementation of PC. Further exploration of PC needs by sex provided information on unmet care needs of women with advanced COPD. Participants were recruited through convenience sampling by using COPD Patient-Powered Research Network …


Preventing Pressure Injuries In Critical Care Settings, Chassidy Eddlemon, Cassady Coomes Oct 2023

Preventing Pressure Injuries In Critical Care Settings, Chassidy Eddlemon, Cassady Coomes

Scholars Week

2.5 million people develop a hospital-acquired pressure injury each year, and 60,000 of these result in death as an outcome. Nationwide, hospitals have policies in place to prevent HAPIs, but that does not always stop them from occurring. For this project, we looked at one hospitals policy regarding prevention of pressure injuries. In this powerpoint, we outlined the products we found throughout our research to aide in prevention, as well as our recommendations for practice.


Enhancing A Pressure Injury Prevention Bundle In A Skilled Nursing Facility, Lorillie Soleta Oct 2023

Enhancing A Pressure Injury Prevention Bundle In A Skilled Nursing Facility, Lorillie Soleta

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Scholarly Project

Problem: The purpose of the project was to address the increase in pressure injuries in a skilled nursing facility, which had risen from 6% to 10% despite the implementation of a prevention bundle. The project aimed to evaluate and enhance the effectiveness of existing interventions.

Aim of the Project: The aim was to add evidence-based interventions to the existing pressure injury prevention bundle. The desired outcome was to decrease the number of acquired pressure injuries.

Review of the Evidence: Research indicated that pressure injury prevention bundles were more successful when incorporating offloading interventions. These offloading measures, including frequent turning and …


A Percepção De Acadêmicas De Enfermagem Quanto À Matéria De Cancerologia No Curso De Graduação Em Enfermagem: Relato De Caso, Lauren Pedroso Figur, Giovana Cardozo Ventura, Pollyana Bortholazzi Gouvea Sep 2023

A Percepção De Acadêmicas De Enfermagem Quanto À Matéria De Cancerologia No Curso De Graduação Em Enfermagem: Relato De Caso, Lauren Pedroso Figur, Giovana Cardozo Ventura, Pollyana Bortholazzi Gouvea

AMNET XX Conferencia Internacional

O resumo trata-se sobre a percepção das acadêmicas quanto à matéria de cancerologia no curso de graduação de enfermagem e como a forma que ela é apresentada afeta na formação dos acadêmicos.


Competency-Based Nursing Education And The Future Of Nursing: Where The Faith Community Nurse Fits In, Mary Lynne Knighten Dnp, Rn, Nea-Bc Sep 2023

Competency-Based Nursing Education And The Future Of Nursing: Where The Faith Community Nurse Fits In, Mary Lynne Knighten Dnp, Rn, Nea-Bc

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Abstract

Two significant nursing landmark reports published in 2021 are enhancing standards and providing guidance for nursing education and practice. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) Essentials: Core Competencies of Professional Nursing Education (2021) provides a blueprint for educationally and experientially preparing nurses for practice. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity report defines issues such as health disparities and inequities, with recommendations for the role nurses should play in making change to improve the health of the nation.

This paper seeks to explore the intersections of these two reports with the specialty …


About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski Sep 2023

About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study explored how healthcare providers engage in advance care planning and end-of-life care conversations. The research explored what shapes their understanding and the extent to which concepts from thanatology they intuitively bring in, explicitly bring in, and maybe fail to recognize. To achieve this, constructivist grounded theory (CGT) methodology guided the design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation of the findings, which allowed for iteration across interviews and analysis with existing theories and data in the literature. The CGT design encouraged further engagement with the literature in an ongoing iterative fashion as well as with the analysis of the data. …


Simplifying Qualitative Case Study Research Methodology: A Step-By-Step Guide Using A Palliative Care Example, Elizabeth M. Miller Mrs, Joanne E. Porter Professor, Michael S. Barbagallo Dr Aug 2023

Simplifying Qualitative Case Study Research Methodology: A Step-By-Step Guide Using A Palliative Care Example, Elizabeth M. Miller Mrs, Joanne E. Porter Professor, Michael S. Barbagallo Dr

The Qualitative Report

Qualitative case study research can be a helpful methodology when conducting health research. However, it can be overlooked or dismissed as a possible methodological choice due to different epistemological positionings by case study theorists and often confusing and contradictory definitions and terminology. Much has been written about case studies, but it takes time to wade through volumes of often philosophically and methodologically dense material to locate a theorist who presents case study research at a depth the novice researcher can understand. Case study research literature may offer a condensed summary of processes but often needs more theoretical detail. Therefore, discerning …


Expanding The Volunteer Role To Include Advance Care Planning Knowledge, Andrea C. Leomo Aug 2023

Expanding The Volunteer Role To Include Advance Care Planning Knowledge, Andrea C. Leomo

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Transition patients at the end-of-life are those patients who are not mentally ready or physically eligible for hospice thus not enrolled in a Palliative or Hospice Program. Only one-third of the Transition patient census had completed and filed advance care plans. Healthcare providers are obligated to perform life-saving measures unless documented otherwise. A lack of advance care planning can create complicated scenarios and cause discordant care incidents.

Context: End-of-life care is a delicate subject to navigate conversations with patients. With holistic care being a large component of hospice and palliative care, it is important to have updated and accurate …


Reduce Extended Length Of Stay By Reducing In-Hospital Falls, Norberto Benitez Aug 2023

Reduce Extended Length Of Stay By Reducing In-Hospital Falls, Norberto Benitez

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Every year, there are many in-hospital falls (IHFs). Nationally there are between 700,000 to 1 million falls recorded each year. Hospital falls financially burden our healthcare industry, costing approximately 34 billion annually. Context: In a local hospital in Northern California, Marin County, the microsystem has had an extraordinary number of in-hospital falls (IHFs). To date (June 2023), 13 falls have been recorded thus far; the microsystem is on track to beat the previous year's record number of 21 falls in a calendar year. Interventions: The MSN–CNL student proposed re-educating staff, resetting expectations, and reestablishing workflow. We also sought …


Pain In The Dying Patient, Shanna Selph Aug 2023

Pain In The Dying Patient, Shanna Selph

MSN Capstone Projects

This benchmark aims to educate nurses, doctors, and families on the importance of proper pain management in dying patients. The evidence in this benchmark will be appraised to improve practice, improve outcomes, and reduce healthcare costs (Melnyk, 2018). Feelings of being overwhelmed, fatigue, confusion, and guilt can occur in healthcare professionals without the proper knowledge of pain in the dying patient. Health professionals are responsible for ensuring proper care of patients is taken during the most difficult time of their lives to ensure they have the best quality of life through the end of their lives. The question to be …


Implementation Of A Home-Based Walking Program To Address Cancer-Related Fatigue, Mary Catherine Hyatt, Karen Lasater, Michelle Payne Jul 2023

Implementation Of A Home-Based Walking Program To Address Cancer-Related Fatigue, Mary Catherine Hyatt, Karen Lasater, Michelle Payne

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

Background: The non-treatment of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in adult oncology patients on treatment is a clinical practice issue identified globally and at the local Hematology and Oncology Clinic. Despite the growing evidence supporting physical activity to address CRF, this problem remains prominent. Objective: An 8-week home-based walking program was implemented at the local clinic to address this problem. This project aimed to increase the prevalence of managing CRF and reduce the severity of CRF. Methods: With the provider's recommendation, adult oncology patients on active treatment at the Hematology and Oncology Clinic registered for the program in …


New Ways To Impact Primary Palliative Care Practices Using Online Continuing Education, Charlene Barke, Sarah Mollman, Amy Skoglund, Brandi Pravecek, Mari Perrenoud, Carol Stewart Jul 2023

New Ways To Impact Primary Palliative Care Practices Using Online Continuing Education, Charlene Barke, Sarah Mollman, Amy Skoglund, Brandi Pravecek, Mari Perrenoud, Carol Stewart

College of Nursing Faculty Publications

Background: Healthcare professionals trained in palliative care (PC) improve satisfaction and decrease healthcare overutilization for patients with serious illness and their families. A continuing education (CE) series on primary PC aligned to the National Clinical Practice Guidelines for Quality PC was developed by local, interdisciplinary experts for a target audience of rural, primary care healthcare professionals. The modules were accessed on an online learning management system platform.
Objective: The study objectives were to assess differences in participants’ knowledge, competence, performance, and ability to improve patient care as well as commitment to change practice after taking each of the CE modules. …


Spirituality Education For End Of Life Clinicians: A Quality Improvement Project, Mark S. Valigorsky Jun 2023

Spirituality Education For End Of Life Clinicians: A Quality Improvement Project, Mark S. Valigorsky

DNP Projects

Significance and Background: The focus of this project was to strength the knowledge, comfort, and training of end of life(EOL) clinicians working with patients in the palliative care and hospice environments. While spirituality is considered one of the essential domains of hospice care, it is an area that is often brushed aside by staff and patients and their families. Spirituality is inadequately addressed due to knowledge deficits, time issues, and lack of self-efficacy. Addressing spiritual care is particularly important for patients with chronic and end stage illnesses. Patients and their families view spirituality as a way of coping with suffering. …


Death Cafés As A Strategy To Foster Compassionate Communities: Contributions For Death And Grief Literacy May 2023

Death Cafés As A Strategy To Foster Compassionate Communities: Contributions For Death And Grief Literacy

The International Journal of Ecopsychology (IJE)

The death-positive movement, the most recent manifestation of the death awareness movement, contends that modern society is suffering from a “death taboo” and that people should talk more openly about death. This movement is striving to shift the dialogue about (and place of) death and dying into community spaces. Death literacy is defined as a set of skills and knowledge enabling people to learn about, understand, and act on end-of-life and death-care options. People and groups with a high level of death literacy have a context-specific comprehension of the death system and can more easily adapt to it, becoming better …


Nursing Education In Complementary Alternative Modalities: A Case Study, Deborah Bird May 2023

Nursing Education In Complementary Alternative Modalities: A Case Study, Deborah Bird

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this embedded case study was to describe the preparation for and utilization of complimentary alternative modality (CAM) interventions by an experienced Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) prepared nurse practitioner (NP) working in an outpatient setting.

Background: Given the widespread use of CAM by the American public and the potential complications involved in combining CAM and standard medical care, a lack of educational preparation in CAM interventions by NPs delivering primary care in outpatient health care settings represents both a potential risk and a missed opportunity to provide holistic patient care. Such a lack of knowledge also …


Improving Advance Directive Documentation In A Primary Care Clinic In The Midwest, Teresa Hagedorn May 2023

Improving Advance Directive Documentation In A Primary Care Clinic In The Midwest, Teresa Hagedorn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Project

An Abstract of the Scholarly Project by

Teresa Gayle Hagedorn

Advance care planning (ACP) is a continuous communication process linking patients, family members, caregivers, and healthcare providers. Personal values, life goals, and preferences regarding future medical care are significant to every person as we will inevitably reach the end of life. Advance directives (ADs) promote patient autonomy and provide legal documentation of a patient’s wishes for future care. According to the National Institute of Health (2018), only 1 in 3 adults in the United States have a documented AD in their electronic medical records (EMR). This quality improvement project aimed …


An Exploratory Qualitative Study Of Oncology Nurses’ Experience In Providing Care For Terminally Ill Patients In Salmaniya Medical Complex In Bahrain, Layla S. Turki, Leena Khonji, Magda Bayoumi May 2023

An Exploratory Qualitative Study Of Oncology Nurses’ Experience In Providing Care For Terminally Ill Patients In Salmaniya Medical Complex In Bahrain, Layla S. Turki, Leena Khonji, Magda Bayoumi

The Qualitative Report

Oncology nurses are essential in palliative care for cancer patients, especially at end-of-life stages. Caring for terminally ill cancer patients is stressful, accompanied by negative and positive feelings, but oncology nurses have an unavoidable responsibility. However, little is known about oncology nurses' experience in the Kingdom of Bahrain caring for terminally ill cancer patients in their final weeks or days. This study aimed to explore the experience of oncology staff nurses in providing care for terminally ill patients in the Kingdom of Bahrain, and the research answered those questions: (a) What is the experience of oncology staff nurses in providing …


Standardizing Initial Inpatient Palliative Care Consultations For Patients Receiving Left Ventricular Assist Devices At A Large Urban Hospital, Deborah A. Szeto May 2023

Standardizing Initial Inpatient Palliative Care Consultations For Patients Receiving Left Ventricular Assist Devices At A Large Urban Hospital, Deborah A. Szeto

Doctoral Projects

For patients with advanced heart failure (HF) ineligible for or awaiting heart transplantation, left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation can be considered. LVADs have helped to improve recipients’ survival rates and quality of life. However, LVAD patients are at risk for complications such as stroke, bleeding, infection, and right ventricular failure. Moreover, events such as end-stage malignancy or progression of a neurodegenerative disorder may occur. Such complications and repeated hospitalizations can pose questions about the acceptability of LVAD therapy. As such, both the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and The Joint Commission require that palliative care (PC) be part …


Assessing Preinjury Frailty In The Elderly Hip Fracture Patient To Promote Palliative Care Referral In Those At Risk For High Morbidity And Mortality, Alicia N. Walker, Jewyl Gibson, Sara Dunham Apr 2023

Assessing Preinjury Frailty In The Elderly Hip Fracture Patient To Promote Palliative Care Referral In Those At Risk For High Morbidity And Mortality, Alicia N. Walker, Jewyl Gibson, Sara Dunham

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

The objective of this project is to assess preinjury frailty in hip fracture patients aged 65 and older as a predictor for postsurgical morbidity and mortality, prompting early referral to palliative care services in patients deemed high-risk for postoperative complications. Including palliative care in the multidisciplinary care of the high-risk patient has been shown to improve quality of life, increase patient and caregiver satisfaction, and reduce healthcare costs. The design is a quality improvement initiative. The setting is an academic medical center, serving as the region’s Level 1 Trauma Center. There is no current process for measuring frailty as a …


Do-Not-Hospitalize Orders In Assisted Living Facilities: Perspectives From Direct Care Workers, Alanna Kates Dancis Dr. Apr 2023

Do-Not-Hospitalize Orders In Assisted Living Facilities: Perspectives From Direct Care Workers, Alanna Kates Dancis Dr.

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Context: Do-not-hospitalize (DNH) orders in assisted living facilities (ALFs) are often misunderstood, ignored, or countermanded by direct care workers (DCWs), potentially leading to residents being sent to the hospital against their wishes.

Objectives: The primary purpose of this study was to gather sufficient qualitative data to create an intervention that would help prevent DCWs from sending residents with DNH orders to the hospital against their wishes. To accomplish this goal, the study centered on three research objectives: 1) to understand more fully how DCWs interpret DNH orders; 2) to determine if carrying out DNH orders causes moral distress for DCWs; …


Integrating Palliative Care In A Family Nurse Practitioner Curricula - Post Survey Data, Betty Lang, Susan Montgomery, Ellen P. Moore, Amanda Townsend Mar 2023

Integrating Palliative Care In A Family Nurse Practitioner Curricula - Post Survey Data, Betty Lang, Susan Montgomery, Ellen P. Moore, Amanda Townsend

MSN Project Data

There is a growing need to integrate Palliative Care in Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) curricula. Due to increasing costs in an already overstretched healthcare system, a large portion of primary care is delivered by FNPs, often to older or sicker patients. Therefore, it is imperative that FNPs receive formal educational and professional preparation regarding palliative care resources. One of the Core concepts presented by The American Association of Colleges of Nursing's Essentials: Core Concepts for Professional Nursing Education (2021) is palliative care, as are hospice and supportive care. Graduate Competencies and Recommendations for Educating nursing Students (G-CARES) further describe advanced-level …