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Articles 1 - 30 of 361

Full-Text Articles in Nursing Midwifery

Women’S Barriers To Use Of Midwives During Birth: An Integrative Literature Review, Chelsea Petersen Nov 2018

Women’S Barriers To Use Of Midwives During Birth: An Integrative Literature Review, Chelsea Petersen

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Trying To Cover The Sun With Your Thumb: A Critical Ethnography Of Maternity Care Provision In Rural Northern New Mexico, Abigail Reese Nov 2018

Trying To Cover The Sun With Your Thumb: A Critical Ethnography Of Maternity Care Provision In Rural Northern New Mexico, Abigail Reese

Shared Knowledge Conference

Access to maternity care is disappearing for women across rural America. In New Mexico, women often travel long distances in order to access hospitals and providers that offer childbirth services, as these resources are primarily concentrated in metropolitan areas. Although data on provider distribution is available, very few studies have explored the maternity care access crisis from the perspectives of the midwives and physicians who work in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators to the provision of childbirth services from providers’ perspectives with the intent of informing policy debates around the maintenance of ...


Maternal Mortality In Non-Hispanic Black Women, Amelia Major Aug 2018

Maternal Mortality In Non-Hispanic Black Women, Amelia Major

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: The United States has the highest maternal mortality among all developed countries, among these mothers, non-Hispanic black women are three times more likely than women of any other racial group to die from pregnancy-related causes.

Purpose: To investigate racial disparities among pregnant women who die from pregnancy related causes (maternal mortality) and determine possible interventions to improve outcomes.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted to analyze peer-reviewed articles published from 2007 to 2018; a computerized search of literature was performed using Cumulative Index to Nursing and Health Literature (CINAHL), Proquest Nursing and Allied Health Sources, PubMed and PsycINFO ...


A Pilot Study Exploring Nursing Knowledge Of Depression And Suicidal Ideation In Kenya, Timothy Muga, Gladys Mbuthia, Samwel Gatimu, Rachel Rossiter Aug 2018

A Pilot Study Exploring Nursing Knowledge Of Depression And Suicidal Ideation In Kenya, Timothy Muga, Gladys Mbuthia, Samwel Gatimu, Rachel Rossiter

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Nurses play key roles in recognizing, diagnosing, managing, and referring persons with mental disorders. This cross-sectional study assessed mental health literacy (depression and suicidal ideation) among nurses in a private urban referral hospital in Kenya. Nurses read a vignette and answered questions regarding diagnosis, treatment/interventions, and related attitudes and beliefs. Thirty-seven nurses (12 males) completed the questionnaire. Three correctly identified the diagnosis and 23 identified depression only. Although 75% noted the symptoms were extremely distressing, fear, and stigma were common reactions. This highlights challenges in mental health promotion/prevention in Kenya, and suggests continuous nursing education and curriculum enhancement ...


Traumatic Journeys; Understanding The Rhetoric Of Patients' Complaints., May Mccreaddie, Bethan Benwell, Alice Gritti Jul 2018

Traumatic Journeys; Understanding The Rhetoric Of Patients' Complaints., May Mccreaddie, Bethan Benwell, Alice Gritti

School of Nursing and Midwifery MUB Articles

BACKGROUND: Research on patients' complaints about healthcare has tended to focus on the typology of complaints and complainants to homogenise complaints and better understand safety implications. Nonetheless, complaints speak to a broader spectrum of harm and suffering that go beyond formal adverse events. Complaints about care episodes can take considerable time and effort, generate negative energy and may leave a dogged 'minority' embittered.

METHODS: This study provides an overview of the process and rhetoric of how patients formulate written complaints. We collated a data corpus comprising 60 letters of complaints and their responses over a period of one month. This ...


Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith Jul 2018

Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Miscarriage is a significant life event that impacts occupational performance, identity, and competence and that influences perceptions of motherhood. Because of the lack of social rituals often attributed to the death of a loved one, miscarriages may result in disenfranchised grief, which impedes coping.

Methods: This phenomenological study explored the impact of miscarriage on relationships, perceptions of motherhood, and the meaning of occupation in the context of grief. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews (N = 4) and completion of a brief demographic questionnaire. The interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and reviewed to ensure accuracy. Using inductive thematic analysis ...


Dose-Response Of Cotton Dust Exposure With Lung Function Among Textile Workers: Multitex Study In Karachi, Pakistan, Naureen Akber Ali, Asaad A. Nafees, Zafar Fatmi, Iqbal Azam Syed Jul 2018

Dose-Response Of Cotton Dust Exposure With Lung Function Among Textile Workers: Multitex Study In Karachi, Pakistan, Naureen Akber Ali, Asaad A. Nafees, Zafar Fatmi, Iqbal Azam Syed

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: Cotton dust exposure among textile mill workers lead to impaired lung function. However, only few studies have investigated the dose-response relationship between cotton dust and lung function.
Objective: To determine the dose-response relationship between cotton dust exposure and lung function among textile workers.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to March 2016 and included 303 adult male textile workers from spinning and weaving sections of 5 mills in Karachi, Pakistan. We collected data through a translated version of the American Thoracic Society respiratory questionnaire (ATS-DLD-78A) and using spirometry. Mill-level airborne cotton dust was measured ...


Adaptation Of An Existing Measure To Assess Professionals’ Attitudes Regarding The Importance Of Involving Fathers In Interventions With Families, Christine Gervais, Sophie Meunier, Francine Demontigny, Diane Dubeau Jun 2018

Adaptation Of An Existing Measure To Assess Professionals’ Attitudes Regarding The Importance Of Involving Fathers In Interventions With Families, Christine Gervais, Sophie Meunier, Francine Demontigny, Diane Dubeau

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Introduction. Despite greater father participation in child care/rearing nowadays and the challenge of involving fathers in nursing interventions, no instrument exists to measure professional attitudes toward father involvement in family interventions. Objectives. The aim of this study was to adapt an existing measure that assesses nurse attitudes regarding the importance of including families in nursing care into a measure that assesses professionals’ attitudes towards the importance of involving fathers in interventions with families. Method. The Professionals’ Attitudes towards Father Involvement (PAFI) scale was adapted from the Families’ Importance in Nursing Care – Nurse Attitudes (FINC-NA) scale. A total of 297 ...


Relationship Of Family Members’ Support With Practice Of Community Midwives In Rural Sindh, Pakistan, Farida Shah, Farhana Shahid, Jamila Haider, Syfoor Ali, Bibi Ara, Misri Bano Jun 2018

Relationship Of Family Members’ Support With Practice Of Community Midwives In Rural Sindh, Pakistan, Farida Shah, Farhana Shahid, Jamila Haider, Syfoor Ali, Bibi Ara, Misri Bano

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Background: Pakistan has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world. Community Midwives (CMWs) were introduced in 2006 as a new cadre of birth attendants who would bring midwifery services to rural areas by being based in designated communities. The CMWs face many obstacles and retaining them in practice is a challenge. This study aimed to examine whether there was a relationship between family support and CMWs retention in midwifery practice. We hoped to learn about influences on retention that might improve the Maternal Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) programme.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in ...


Gender Inequalities And Childbearing: A Qualitative Study Of Two Maternity Units In Nepal, Lesley Milne, Jillian C M Ireland Ms, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Vanora Hundley, Padam P. Simkhada Jun 2018

Gender Inequalities And Childbearing: A Qualitative Study Of Two Maternity Units In Nepal, Lesley Milne, Jillian C M Ireland Ms, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Vanora Hundley, Padam P. Simkhada

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

The role and status of women in South Asian countries like Nepal are widely recognised to be lower than that of men. This gender inequality can be found throughout all levels of society. Our study is about the influence of gender on pregnancy and childbirth, which are very much in the female domain in South Asia, both at home and in health facilities.
A mixed-method, qualitative research study was undertaken in two birthing facilities in Kathmandu Valley to examine barriers to women accessing these services from the perspective of hospital staff. Thematic analysis identified seven subthemes related to gender, namely ...


Asian Midwifery In 2018, Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen Jun 2018

Asian Midwifery In 2018, Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Determinants Of Inadequate Provision And Utilization Of Post Abortion Care Services In Pakistan, Marina Baig, Kiran Mubeen Jun 2018

Determinants Of Inadequate Provision And Utilization Of Post Abortion Care Services In Pakistan, Marina Baig, Kiran Mubeen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Access to safe abortion services remain a challenge in many low and middle income countries like Pakistan. Evidence suggests that Pakistan shares a huge burden of abortion related morbidities and mortalities. Timely provision of Post Abortion Care (PAC) services could assist in preventing maternal deaths associated with unsafe abortions. However, there are certain socio-cultural, financial and political factors that restricts the provision and utilization of effective PAC services. This paper explores these determinants and suggest recommendations for policy and practice to promote PAC services in Pakistan.


A Qualitative Exploration Ofdoctors And Nurses Experienceson The Management Of Tubercu-Losis And Hiv Co-Infection In Atuberculosis-Hiv High Burdencommunity In Northernkwazulu-Natal, South Africa, Mbuso Mabuza, Constance Shumba May 2018

A Qualitative Exploration Ofdoctors And Nurses Experienceson The Management Of Tubercu-Losis And Hiv Co-Infection In Atuberculosis-Hiv High Burdencommunity In Northernkwazulu-Natal, South Africa, Mbuso Mabuza, Constance Shumba

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

South Africa is faced with a huge challenge of addressing the high burden of tuberculosis-human immune virus (TBHIV) co-infection, and this challenge is more pronounced in the province of KwaZulu-Natal which has one of the highest burdens of TB-HIV co-infection in the world. The study explored the experiences of doctors and nurses with regard to the management of tuberculosis and HIV coinfection in a TB-HIV high burden community in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The particular focus was to provide insight and to inform policy and programme development for effective management of TB-HIV co-infection in the TB-HIV high burden community of ...


Children’S Perspectives Of Their Psychosocial Wellbeing In Tanzanian Orphanages, Agnes Msoka, Eleanor Holroyd May 2018

Children’S Perspectives Of Their Psychosocial Wellbeing In Tanzanian Orphanages, Agnes Msoka, Eleanor Holroyd

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

The aim of this study was to explore factors affecting the wellbeing of institutionalized orphaned children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. A descriptive qualitative study was used to collect data from Tanzanian orphaned children receiving orphanage care. Purposive sampling was employed to select 10 orphanage centers from which 123 orphaned children were recruited. A semi-structured interview guide relevant to the study objectives was developed from the literature and was used to guide the focus group interviews. Data was analysed by way of thematic analysis. There were 76 male and 47 female orphans; orphans without one or both parents were 87 ...


Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan May 2018

Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup Apr 2018

Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup

Senior Honors Theses

Research suggests pre-pregnancy obesity is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia in the newborn. Since women are expected to gain weight during pregnancy, the standard recommendation of weight loss for obesity is not ideal for this population. In this systematic review of the literature regarding interventions for maternal obesity to reduce fetal macrosomia, 149 articles were screened using three different databases to identify recent randomized controlled trials related to this topic. A total of 11 full text articles were analyzed and included in the review. The articles addressed nutritional, lifestyle, and pharmacological interventions. The results indicated there is currently ...


Experiences Of The Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy At A Public Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Raisa, Shanaz Hussein Cassum Sc, Rehana Elahi Apr 2018

Experiences Of The Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy At A Public Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Raisa, Shanaz Hussein Cassum Sc, Rehana Elahi

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Objective: This study aimed to explore the experiences of female breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) in a public hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan.
Methods: This study employed a descriptive exploratory method. A purposive sample of 14 breast cancer women undergoing RT was selected for this study. Data were collected over the period of 5 months, using a semi-structured interview guide and conducting in-depth face-to-face interviews. These interviews were audio taped and transcribed by a bilingual transcriber. The translated version of the interview was coded, and the analysis was done manually.
Results: Four main categories emerged from data analysis, which were ...


What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler Feb 2018

What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler

Nursing & Health Sciences Research Journal

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Nursing Students Of Educational Environment At A Private Undergraduate School Of Nursing In Karachi, Salima Farooq, Rehana Rehman, Jacqueline Maria Dias, Mehwish Hussain Feb 2018

Perceptions Of Nursing Students Of Educational Environment At A Private Undergraduate School Of Nursing In Karachi, Salima Farooq, Rehana Rehman, Jacqueline Maria Dias, Mehwish Hussain

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Ojective: To assess educational environment at a nursing school..
Methods: The cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to October 2016 at Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery, Karachi, using the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure tool. The scores were obtained by merging five sub-scales of the inventory. The average scores of the scale and sub-scales were compared in terms of age, year of study, and living status using Mann-Whitney U test, and among years of study by Kruskal Wallis test..
Results: Of the 442 students, 228(51.6%) had age below 20 years. Overall, 131(29.1 ...


Managing Ambiguity: Nurses Caring For The Mother Of A Stillborn Baby, Natasha J. Nurse Feb 2018

Managing Ambiguity: Nurses Caring For The Mother Of A Stillborn Baby, Natasha J. Nurse

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe and conceptualize the experiences and processes involved when labor and delivery nurses provide care to women experiencing a stillbirth.

Background: The care of a woman experiencing a stillbirth is an important topic that requires attention, however, there is a paucity of literature on the specifics of a nurse’s experience as she or he cares for a grieving mother. These experiences may shed light on gaps in care that may exist as well as gaps in the resources, education and support needed to appropriately prepare nurses for providing care to ...


Factors Affecting Effective Ventilation During Newborn Resuscitation: A Qualitative Study Among Midwives In Rural Tanzania, R. Moshiro, H. L. Ersdal, P. Mdoe, H. L. Kidanto, Columba Mbekenga Jan 2018

Factors Affecting Effective Ventilation During Newborn Resuscitation: A Qualitative Study Among Midwives In Rural Tanzania, R. Moshiro, H. L. Ersdal, P. Mdoe, H. L. Kidanto, Columba Mbekenga

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Intrapartum-related hypoxia accounts for 30% of neonatal deaths in Tanzania. This has led to the introduction and scaling-up of the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) programme, which is a simulation-based learning programme in newborn resuscitation skills. Studies have documented ineffective ventilation of non-breathing newborns and the inability to follow the HBB algorithm among providers.

Objective: This study aimed at exploring barriers and facilitators to effective bag mask ventilation, an essential component of the HBB algorithm, during actual newborn resuscitation in rural Tanzania.

Methods: Eight midwives, each with more than one year’s working experience in the labour ward, were interviewed ...


Preparing Students To Respond: A Pilot Study To Explore Whether Mask-Ed Simulation Can Assist Students In Developing Clinical Judgment, Jane S. Frost, Kathryn Sainsbury, Christine Waller Jan 2018

Preparing Students To Respond: A Pilot Study To Explore Whether Mask-Ed Simulation Can Assist Students In Developing Clinical Judgment, Jane S. Frost, Kathryn Sainsbury, Christine Waller

Australian Journal of Clinical Education

Clinical judgment is a key component of ‘thinking like a nurse’(Tanner, 2006). This pilot project uses Mask-Ed™ simulation in conjunction with Tanners (2006) Clinical Judgment Model to explore clinical judgment in a pre-clinical workshop.

Method: a cross sectional survey was conducted with third year nursing students enrolled in one unit of study.

Results: The confidence of students to respond to a patient, one of the four domains of clinical judgment (Tanner, 2006) was increased.

Conclusion : Mask-Ed™ when used in a pre-clinical workshop shows the potential to positively affect the student nurses ability to respond to a patient cues, a ...


Healthcare Providers’ Perceptions Of Pregnant Women, Allison Goderwis Jan 2018

Healthcare Providers’ Perceptions Of Pregnant Women, Allison Goderwis

Theses and Dissertations--Family Sciences

Health care providers’ (N = 421) implicit perceptions of pregnant women based on age, race or ethnicity, marital status, and socioeconomic status are assessed through a true-experiment design. Ordinal and binary regression analyses revealed that respondents felt more pity for an unmarried than married pregnant woman and more anger toward an unemployed pregnant woman without health insurance compared to a pregnant woman who was employed with health insurance. Male, Asian, and Hispanic respondents were less likely to help the pregnant woman, Black and protestant respondents were more likely to express some degree of anger toward the pregnant woman, and male and ...


Stop The Stigma! Eliminating Implicit And Explicit Bias Toward Adult Obese Women Receiving Gynecological Care: A Quality Improvement Project To Cultivate Empathy And Increase Knowledge Of Best Practices, Mary Ellen Burke Jan 2018

Stop The Stigma! Eliminating Implicit And Explicit Bias Toward Adult Obese Women Receiving Gynecological Care: A Quality Improvement Project To Cultivate Empathy And Increase Knowledge Of Best Practices, Mary Ellen Burke

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Background: Increased weight carries significant health risks, yet obese individuals face stigma, implicit and explicit bias by health care providers that affects quality of care and increases health care avoidance. Obese women may delay or avoid gynecological care due to fear of stigma, inadequate equipment and embarrassment about their weight. Review of Literature: In the United States, 70.7% of adults, almost three quarters of the adult population are overweight or obese. Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to improve the quality of care and empathy toward obese women by health care providers in an OB/GYN ...


Academic Incivility In Modern Generation Of Nursing Students, Laila Akber Cassum Jan 2018

Academic Incivility In Modern Generation Of Nursing Students, Laila Akber Cassum

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Incivility in nursing academia and workplace is one of the emerging and complex issues in recent years, and can have substantial consequences on the organizational benchmark as well as on the teaching and learning milieu of the institution. Growth of academic incivility among the modern and diversified generation of students can have a profound destructive impact on their academic life and professional career. Impolite and discourteous attitude and behavior in a classroom atmosphere can originate from the learners as well the teachers, which can significantly impact the critical thinking and learning outcomes of the learner. This matter needs to be ...


Impact Of Divorce On Students’ Life, Laila Akber Cassum Jan 2018

Impact Of Divorce On Students’ Life, Laila Akber Cassum

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Tensions and anxiety is the common phenomena among the students of modern generation. These students go through stress due to personal, psychosocial, familial and academic matters. Some of the common ones which substantially impact their lives like family disputes, academic challenges, parental conflicts, financial concerns, social isolation and interpersonal matters, parental separation and divorce, separation from family and reduced support system. Untiring conflicts between the parents weakens the lifelong marriage contract to the verge of break down where both the life partners determines to go for the option of divorce. This creates traumatic and nerve wracking atmosphere at home and ...


The Lived Experience And Factors Affecting Disclosure Of Pregnant Victims Of Domestic Violence, Pedro Vargas Ortiz Jan 2018

The Lived Experience And Factors Affecting Disclosure Of Pregnant Victims Of Domestic Violence, Pedro Vargas Ortiz

Doctoral Dissertations

Domestic violence is defined as a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviors that includes the threat or infliction of physical, sexual, or psychological abuse that is used by perpetrators for the purpose of intimidation and control over the victim. The lived experience and meaning of domestic violence in Puerto Rican pregnant women has not been well researched. This study described pregnant women’s lived experience of domestic violence and examined the factors influencing the process of disclosure of domestic violence among pregnant women in the southern region of Puerto Rico. A phenomenological method was used where women who have experienced ...


Immigrant Mental Health In Canada, Fariha Jamani Jan 2018

Immigrant Mental Health In Canada, Fariha Jamani

2018 Undergraduate Awards

Canada is globally renowned as a nation of newcomers. Every year, around 200,000 immigrants make Canada their new home. As the share of immigrants continues to rise, understanding their systemic health transitions within the country becomes that much more crucial. Immigrant health status and wellbeing is currently discerned as a pressing public health concern. Analysis on immigrant health is critical in not only developing population specific healthcare policies, but also in building viable and resilient communities within Canada. Nonetheless, Canadian immigrants continue to have compromised physical and mental health levels; this reciprocally impacts their quality of life, self-perception and ...


The Evaluation Of A Breast Cancer Screening Decision Aid In The Community Setting., Kimberly Gibbons Jan 2018

The Evaluation Of A Breast Cancer Screening Decision Aid In The Community Setting., Kimberly Gibbons

DNP Scholarly Projects

Breast cancer screening (BCS) has been recommended to women by healthcare providers as well as professional organizations and non-profit awareness organizations for over four decades. Recently, attention is being paid to quantification of the actual benefits and harms of BCS with mammography. The harms include overdiagnosis, overtreatment and mandate of mammography screening that may not be in alignment with the individual values and preferences of women ages 40-69. This evidence translation project developed a resource for practice that was evaluated by community participants for alignment with personal value and preference-based educational needs about BCS. This project piloted a clinical practice ...


Are Midwifery Students Adequately Prepared For Vaginal Breech Birth In Clinical Practice?, Steffne Nel, Sadie Geraghty Jan 2018

Are Midwifery Students Adequately Prepared For Vaginal Breech Birth In Clinical Practice?, Steffne Nel, Sadie Geraghty

ECU Publications Post 2013

While the value of the clinical skills and expertise required to enable safe vaginal breech birth remains high, midwives who possess these skills are becoming scarce. Additionally, for many midwifery students, vaginal breech birth is becoming somewhat of an elusive event, rarely experienced in clinical practice when completing their training. Not so long ago, this was a standard competency taught to and held by obstetricians and midwives alike, but for those in developed nations working within robust healthcare systems, the frequency of planned vaginal breech birth is on a downward trend, and this is reflected in midwifery educational curriculums.