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Articles 1 - 30 of 322

Full-Text Articles in Nursing Midwifery

Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan May 2018

Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup Apr 2018

Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup

Senior Honors Theses

Research suggests pre-pregnancy obesity is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia in the newborn. Since women are expected to gain weight during pregnancy, the standard recommendation of weight loss for obesity is not ideal for this population. In this systematic review of the literature regarding interventions for maternal obesity to reduce fetal macrosomia, 149 articles were screened using three different databases to identify recent randomized controlled trials related to this topic. A total of 11 full text articles were analyzed and included in the review. The articles addressed nutritional, lifestyle, and pharmacological interventions. The results indicated there is currently ...


Experiences Of The Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy At A Public Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Raisa, Shanaz Hussein Cassum Sc, Rehana Elahi Apr 2018

Experiences Of The Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy At A Public Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Raisa, Shanaz Hussein Cassum Sc, Rehana Elahi

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Objective: This study aimed to explore the experiences of female breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) in a public hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan.
Methods: This study employed a descriptive exploratory method. A purposive sample of 14 breast cancer women undergoing RT was selected for this study. Data were collected over the period of 5 months, using a semi-structured interview guide and conducting in-depth face-to-face interviews. These interviews were audio taped and transcribed by a bilingual transcriber. The translated version of the interview was coded, and the analysis was done manually.
Results: Four main categories emerged from data analysis, which were ...


What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler Feb 2018

What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler

Nursing & Health Sciences Research Journal

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Nursing Students Of Educational Environment At A Private Undergraduate School Of Nursing In Karachi, Salima Farooq, Rehana Rehman, Jacqueline Maria Dias, Mehwish Hussain Feb 2018

Perceptions Of Nursing Students Of Educational Environment At A Private Undergraduate School Of Nursing In Karachi, Salima Farooq, Rehana Rehman, Jacqueline Maria Dias, Mehwish Hussain

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Ojective: To assess educational environment at a nursing school..
Methods: The cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to October 2016 at Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery, Karachi, using the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure tool. The scores were obtained by merging five sub-scales of the inventory. The average scores of the scale and sub-scales were compared in terms of age, year of study, and living status using Mann-Whitney U test, and among years of study by Kruskal Wallis test..
Results: Of the 442 students, 228(51.6%) had age below 20 years. Overall, 131(29.1 ...


Managing Ambiguity: Nurses Caring For The Mother Of A Stillborn Baby, Natasha J. Nurse Feb 2018

Managing Ambiguity: Nurses Caring For The Mother Of A Stillborn Baby, Natasha J. Nurse

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe and conceptualize the experiences and processes involved when labor and delivery nurses provide care to women experiencing a stillbirth.

Background: The care of a woman experiencing a stillbirth is an important topic that requires attention, however, there is a paucity of literature on the specifics of a nurse’s experience as she or he cares for a grieving mother. These experiences may shed light on gaps in care that may exist as well as gaps in the resources, education and support needed to appropriately prepare nurses for providing care to ...


Factors Affecting Effective Ventilation During Newborn Resuscitation: A Qualitative Study Among Midwives In Rural Tanzania, R. Moshiro, H. L. Ersdal, P. Mdoe, H. L. Kidanto, Columba Mbekenga Jan 2018

Factors Affecting Effective Ventilation During Newborn Resuscitation: A Qualitative Study Among Midwives In Rural Tanzania, R. Moshiro, H. L. Ersdal, P. Mdoe, H. L. Kidanto, Columba Mbekenga

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Intrapartum-related hypoxia accounts for 30% of neonatal deaths in Tanzania. This has led to the introduction and scaling-up of the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) programme, which is a simulation-based learning programme in newborn resuscitation skills. Studies have documented ineffective ventilation of non-breathing newborns and the inability to follow the HBB algorithm among providers.

Objective: This study aimed at exploring barriers and facilitators to effective bag mask ventilation, an essential component of the HBB algorithm, during actual newborn resuscitation in rural Tanzania.

Methods: Eight midwives, each with more than one year’s working experience in the labour ward, were interviewed ...


Preparing Students To Respond: A Pilot Study To Explore Whether Mask-Ed Simulation Can Assist Students In Developing Clinical Judgment, Jane S. Frost, Kathryn Sainsbury, Christine Waller Jan 2018

Preparing Students To Respond: A Pilot Study To Explore Whether Mask-Ed Simulation Can Assist Students In Developing Clinical Judgment, Jane S. Frost, Kathryn Sainsbury, Christine Waller

Australian Journal of Clinical Education

Clinical judgment is a key component of ‘thinking like a nurse’(Tanner, 2006). This pilot project uses Mask-Ed™ simulation in conjunction with Tanners (2006) Clinical Judgment Model to explore clinical judgment in a pre-clinical workshop.

Method: a cross sectional survey was conducted with third year nursing students enrolled in one unit of study.

Results: The confidence of students to respond to a patient, one of the four domains of clinical judgment (Tanner, 2006) was increased.

Conclusion : Mask-Ed™ when used in a pre-clinical workshop shows the potential to positively affect the student nurses ability to respond to a patient cues, a ...


Healthcare Providers’ Perceptions Of Pregnant Women, Allison Goderwis Jan 2018

Healthcare Providers’ Perceptions Of Pregnant Women, Allison Goderwis

Theses and Dissertations--Family Sciences

Health care providers’ (N = 421) implicit perceptions of pregnant women based on age, race or ethnicity, marital status, and socioeconomic status are assessed through a true-experiment design. Ordinal and binary regression analyses revealed that respondents felt more pity for an unmarried than married pregnant woman and more anger toward an unemployed pregnant woman without health insurance compared to a pregnant woman who was employed with health insurance. Male, Asian, and Hispanic respondents were less likely to help the pregnant woman, Black and protestant respondents were more likely to express some degree of anger toward the pregnant woman, and male and ...


Academic Incivility In Modern Generation Of Nursing Students, Laila Akber Cassum Jan 2018

Academic Incivility In Modern Generation Of Nursing Students, Laila Akber Cassum

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Incivility in nursing academia and workplace is one of the emerging and complex issues in recent years, and can have substantial consequences on the organizational benchmark as well as on the teaching and learning milieu of the institution. Growth of academic incivility among the modern and diversified generation of students can have a profound destructive impact on their academic life and professional career. Impolite and discourteous attitude and behavior in a classroom atmosphere can originate from the learners as well the teachers, which can significantly impact the critical thinking and learning outcomes of the learner. This matter needs to be ...


Stop The Stigma! Eliminating Implicit And Explicit Bias Toward Adult Obese Women Receiving Gynecological Care: A Quality Improvement Project To Cultivate Empathy And Increase Knowledge Of Best Practices, Mary Ellen Burke Jan 2018

Stop The Stigma! Eliminating Implicit And Explicit Bias Toward Adult Obese Women Receiving Gynecological Care: A Quality Improvement Project To Cultivate Empathy And Increase Knowledge Of Best Practices, Mary Ellen Burke

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Background: Increased weight carries significant health risks, yet obese individuals face stigma, implicit and explicit bias by health care providers that affects quality of care and increases health care avoidance. Obese women may delay or avoid gynecological care due to fear of stigma, inadequate equipment and embarrassment about their weight. Review of Literature: In the United States, 70.7% of adults, almost three quarters of the adult population are overweight or obese. Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to improve the quality of care and empathy toward obese women by health care providers in an OB/GYN ...


Impact Of Divorce On Students’ Life, Laila Akber Cassum Jan 2018

Impact Of Divorce On Students’ Life, Laila Akber Cassum

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Tensions and anxiety is the common phenomena among the students of modern generation. These students go through stress due to personal, psychosocial, familial and academic matters. Some of the common ones which substantially impact their lives like family disputes, academic challenges, parental conflicts, financial concerns, social isolation and interpersonal matters, parental separation and divorce, separation from family and reduced support system. Untiring conflicts between the parents weakens the lifelong marriage contract to the verge of break down where both the life partners determines to go for the option of divorce. This creates traumatic and nerve wracking atmosphere at home and ...


The Evaluation Of A Breast Cancer Screening Decision Aid In The Community Setting., Kimberly Gibbons Jan 2018

The Evaluation Of A Breast Cancer Screening Decision Aid In The Community Setting., Kimberly Gibbons

DNP Scholarly Projects

Breast cancer screening (BCS) has been recommended to women by healthcare providers as well as professional organizations and non-profit awareness organizations for over four decades. Recently, attention is being paid to quantification of the actual benefits and harms of BCS with mammography. The harms include overdiagnosis, overtreatment and mandate of mammography screening that may not be in alignment with the individual values and preferences of women ages 40-69. This evidence translation project developed a resource for practice that was evaluated by community participants for alignment with personal value and preference-based educational needs about BCS. This project piloted a clinical practice ...


Building A New Generation Of Midwifery Faculty Members In Bangladesh, Malin Bogren, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Kerstin Erlandsson Dec 2017

Building A New Generation Of Midwifery Faculty Members In Bangladesh, Malin Bogren, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Kerstin Erlandsson

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

This paper presents an initiative to build a new generation of midwifery faculty in Bangladesh, with the ultimate objective of providing insight into how to build capacity in the midwifery faculty to best utilize the existing academic, health care and policy environment. The initiative focuses on a promising approach that starts with a new generation of midwifery faculty who can lead a chain of change when separating midwifery teaching from nursing. The initiative identified four different interdependent components of equal importance, namely the initiation of master’s and bachelor’s degrees, development of accreditation guidelines and tools, and a mentorship ...


Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman Dec 2017

Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With increased advances in technology, the overall survival rates in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for premature infants at lower gestational ages, has also increased. Although premature infants survive at lower gestational ages, they are often discharged to home with unresolved medical issues. While the birth of a new baby for parents is a joyous occasion, they often have difficulty coping and transitioning into a parental role. Premature infants also have ongoing complications such as difficulty with feeding, developmental delays in growth, and long-term eye and respiratory complications. As a result of chronic health sequelae, premature infants require extensive ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey Dec 2017

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Determinants Of Quality Of Care And Access To Basic Emergency Obstetric And Neonatal Care Facilities And Midwife-Led Facilities In Low And Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review, Preeti K. Mahato, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Padam P. Simkhada, Catherine Angell Dec 2017

Determinants Of Quality Of Care And Access To Basic Emergency Obstetric And Neonatal Care Facilities And Midwife-Led Facilities In Low And Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review, Preeti K. Mahato, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Padam P. Simkhada, Catherine Angell

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Background: Maternal mortality is a major challenge to health systems in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) where almost 99% of maternal deaths occurred in 2015. Primary-care facilities providing Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) facilities, and facilities that are midwife-led are appropriate for normal birth in LMICs and have been proposed as the best approach to reduce maternal deaths. However, the poor quality of maternal services that leads to decreased utilisation of these facilities is among the major causes of maternal deaths worldwide. This systematic review studied factors affecting the quality of care in BEmONC and midwife-led facilities in ...


Exploring The Fears Of Pakistani Primi Gravidas About Childbirth, Zohra Kurji, Amina Aijaz Khowaja, Zahra Shaheen, Yasmin Mithani, Naveeda Haq Dec 2017

Exploring The Fears Of Pakistani Primi Gravidas About Childbirth, Zohra Kurji, Amina Aijaz Khowaja, Zahra Shaheen, Yasmin Mithani, Naveeda Haq

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Background: Childbirth can be a very painful experience as it brings a lot of physiological and psychological changes in women’s lives. The literature demonstrates that anxiety and fear during the birthing process is related to a woman’s ability to give birth safely; fear can lead to complications such as emergency caesarean section and a reduced ability to tolerate pain. Therefore, health care professionals need to explore fears and educate expectant mothers, most especially primi gravidas, about the birthing process.
Method: A qualitative descriptive exploratory design was used to investigate fears about childbirth. Purposive sampling was used to recruit ...


Implementation Of A Bachelor’S In Midwifery Programme In Pakistan: Reflections Of Midwifery Faculty, Arusa Lakhani, Sadia Abbas Ali, Kiran Mubeen, Marina Baig, Shahnaz Shahid, Rafat Jan, Karyn Kaufman Dec 2017

Implementation Of A Bachelor’S In Midwifery Programme In Pakistan: Reflections Of Midwifery Faculty, Arusa Lakhani, Sadia Abbas Ali, Kiran Mubeen, Marina Baig, Shahnaz Shahid, Rafat Jan, Karyn Kaufman

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Introduction/Objective: There is an international consensus on the significant role of competent midwives in improving maternal and newborn health indicators. Midwives and midwifery education in the developing world including Pakistan have lagged behind in being part of higher education. To enhance the quality of maternal and newborn services through competency based higher education in midwifery, the first Bachelors of Science in Midwifery (BScM) programme was introduced in Pakistan. As part of a larger study about establishing this programme, this paper focuses on the reflective logs of midwifery faculty members who initiated this new programme in Pakistan.
Method: The team ...


Developments In Midwifery In Asia In 2017, Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen Dec 2017

Developments In Midwifery In Asia In 2017, Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber Nov 2017

Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Since medical evidence supports both pros and cons of routine neonatal male circumcision, expectant and new parents are left to make the decision to circumcise their sons on their own. There is limited research as to why American parents choose to circumcise their newborn sons.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify the reasons behind parental decision making in neonatal male circumcision in the United States. Understanding motivating factors in parental decision-making can highlight areas of prenatal education for expectant parents.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted utilizing these online databases: PubMed, The Cumulative ...


College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Fatemeh Jafarzadeh-Kenarsari, Parand Pourghane Nov 2017

College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Fatemeh Jafarzadeh-Kenarsari, Parand Pourghane

The Qualitative Report

Besides many benefits of the cell phone technology, numerous arguments are raised on the different and important negative effects of such a technology. This qualitative content analysis study explored the common usages of smart phone technology, its challenges, and benefits among Iranian college students. Participants were 32 bachelor degree students who were recruited using purposive sampling method with maximum variation. Data were collected through 11 individual semi-structured interviews and 3 focus group discussions (5-8 students in each group). Data analysis was done based on a conventional content analysis approach. Data analysis resulted in 3 main themes and 12 sub-themes. The ...


Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Its Recommendations In Pakistani Context., Rubina Barolia, Amber Hussain Sayani Nov 2017

Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Its Recommendations In Pakistani Context., Rubina Barolia, Amber Hussain Sayani

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of high-income countries but increased in low- and middle-income countries with around 80% of the burden. Despite the seriousness of cardiovascular diseases in low- and middle-income countries, minimal attention is given to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases risk factors in South Asia, particularly in Pakistan. In addition, economic and political instability is accelerating the rates of cardiovascular diseases in the country. Practical efforts are required to enhance the understanding of cardiovascular diseases ...


The Feasibility Of An Internet-Based Intervention For Chinese People With Mental Illness: A Survey Of Willingness And Attitude, Xiu-Y Yao, Zheng Li, David Arthur, Lili Hu, Gen Cheng Aug 2017

The Feasibility Of An Internet-Based Intervention For Chinese People With Mental Illness: A Survey Of Willingness And Attitude, Xiu-Y Yao, Zheng Li, David Arthur, Lili Hu, Gen Cheng

David Arthur

Background: The easy accessibility, increasing usage, and low cost of internet make it a desirable way of providing health information and delivering interventions for health consumers. Studies in other countries have verified and confirmed the effectiveness of internet-based interventions among people with mental health problems. Similar programs have yet to commence in China. Purpose: This study investigated the willingness for, and attitude toward internet-based intervention in Chinese mental health service users and explored the feasibility of such an intervention. Methods: A cross-sectional survey utilizing a self-developed questionnaire was administered to 186 mental health service users in Beijing, between April and ...


Self-Management Education Interventions For Persons With Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis, Haiou Zou, Zheng Li, Marie T Nolan, David Arthur, Hongxing Wang, Lili Hu Aug 2017

Self-Management Education Interventions For Persons With Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis, Haiou Zou, Zheng Li, Marie T Nolan, David Arthur, Hongxing Wang, Lili Hu

David Arthur

Although self-management education programs for persons with schizophrenia are being developed and advocated, uncertainty about their overall effectiveness remains. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine outcomes of self-management education interventions in persons with schizophrenia. Six electronic databases were searched. Manual searches were conducted of the reference lists of the identified studies and major psychiatric journals. Randomized controlled trials of self-management education interventions aimed at reducing relapse and hospital readmissions, as well as improving symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and adherence to medication treatment were identified. Data were extracted and the quality of included studies were rated by two authors independently ...


Nurses Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Chan Moon Fai, David Arthur Aug 2017

Nurses Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Chan Moon Fai, David Arthur

David Arthur

Aim: This paper is a report of a study conducted to explore the factors associated with nurses and midwives’ attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care.Background: Caring for and supporting parents whose infant has died is extremely demanding, difficult and stressful. In some situations nurses may experience personal failure, feel helpless, and need to distance themselves from bereaved parents because they feel unable to deal with the enormity of the parental feelings of loss.Method: A correlational questionnaire study using convenience sampling was carried out in Singapore in 2007 with 185 nurses/midwives in one obstetrics and gynaecology unit.Results: Regression ...


Investigating Factors Associate To Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Moon Fai Chan, Feng-Lan Lou, David Arthur, Feng-Lin Cao, Lai Har Wu, Ping Li, Miharu Sagara- Rosemeyer, Loretta Yuet Foon Chung, Li Lui Aug 2017

Investigating Factors Associate To Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Moon Fai Chan, Feng-Lan Lou, David Arthur, Feng-Lin Cao, Lai Har Wu, Ping Li, Miharu Sagara- Rosemeyer, Loretta Yuet Foon Chung, Li Lui

David Arthur

Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore nurses’ attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care and to identify factors associate with such attitudes. Background: Caring for and supporting parents whose infant has died is extremely demanding, difficult and stressful. It is likely that the attitude of nursing staff can influence recovery from a pregnancy loss and nurses with positive attitude to bereavement care can help bereaved parents to cope during their grieving period.
Method: Data were collected through a structured questionnaire; 334 nurses were recruited (63% response rate) from the Obstetrics and Gynaecology unit in five hospitals in Hong Kong ...


A National Survey Of New Zealand Registered Nurses Caring Attributes, Professional Self Concept And Technological Influences, A O'Brien, David Arthur, M Woods, P Watson Aug 2017

A National Survey Of New Zealand Registered Nurses Caring Attributes, Professional Self Concept And Technological Influences, A O'Brien, David Arthur, M Woods, P Watson

David Arthur

No abstract provided.


Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani Aug 2017

Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani

Samina Vertejee

Child labour is a global practice and has many negative outcomes. According to International Labour Organization, child labour is the important source of child exploitation and child abuse in the world today. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has estimated the number of Pakistani working children to be around 11-12 millions, out of which, at least, half the children are under the age of ten years. It portrays the society's attitude towards child care. It is therefore, essential to break this vicious cycle and hence, enable the society to produce healthy citizens. This article analyzes the determinants of child ...


Interaction And Cognitive Engagement In Online Discussions In Professional Development Leadership And Management Course At A Private Nursing Institution, Nimira Asif, Samina Vertejee, Sharifa Bashir Lalani Aug 2017

Interaction And Cognitive Engagement In Online Discussions In Professional Development Leadership And Management Course At A Private Nursing Institution, Nimira Asif, Samina Vertejee, Sharifa Bashir Lalani

Samina Vertejee

In the Post RN BScN curriculum, one of the courses “Professional Development and Leadership (PDLM)” was offered as blended mode for the first time. In order to explore the students’ interactions and Cognitive Engagement (CE) in Online Discussion Forums (ODFs), the research team conducted a retrospective study for the first time at a private nursing institution of Karachi-Pakistan. The study was conducted by utilizing the retrospective qualitative paradigm of discourse analysis to understand student’s CE in ODFs. The study has addressed the following one main and three subsidiary research questions: How do threaded discussions (in the part of online ...