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Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

Determining The Effectiveness Of Core Strengthening Exercise Therapies In Treating Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Critically Appraised Topic, Amanda King, Andrea Cripps Oct 2019

Determining The Effectiveness Of Core Strengthening Exercise Therapies In Treating Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Critically Appraised Topic, Amanda King, Andrea Cripps

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

CLINICAL SCENARIO: Nonspecific low back pain is a condition which impacts athletes of all calibers and sports. It has been found that a total of 68% of top athletes from multiple sports have been affected by nonspecific low back pain at some point in their career. Clinicians have discussed that tight hamstrings and weak core muscles are a major cause of nonspecific low back pain. A myriad of program exist to reduce nonspecific low back pain caused from hamstring tightness, however a standardized rehabilitation protocol for strengthening the core muscles to reduce nonspecific low back pain is not as well ...


Therapeutic Effects Of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization And The Use In Athletic Populations: A Literature Review, Jenna Treloar Mar 2018

Therapeutic Effects Of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization And The Use In Athletic Populations: A Literature Review, Jenna Treloar

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

This literature review examines the mechanism and application of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) in athletic populations. IASTM is a treatment technique used for soft tissue pathologies. Experimental studies have been performed to determine the effects of IASTM on range of motion, pain, and inflammation in upper and lower extremities. Conflicting evidence exists for the effect of IASTM on the inflammatory reparative process of the body while more evidence exists in support of the technique’s benefits on pain reduction and improvement in range of motion. Understanding the effects of IASTM on range of motion, pain, and inflammation may be ...


Are Tart Cherry Supplements Effective On Reducing Muscle Soreness And Perception Of Pain In Young, Healthy Males Following High Intensity Resistance Training?, Alyssa Davis Dec 2017

Are Tart Cherry Supplements Effective On Reducing Muscle Soreness And Perception Of Pain In Young, Healthy Males Following High Intensity Resistance Training?, Alyssa Davis

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not tart cherry supplements are effective at alleviating muscle soreness and pain following high resistance training.

STUDY DESIGN: Review of two double blind randomized control trials, and one crossover randomized control trial. All three studies were published in English between 2006-2015.

DATA SOURCES: Two double blind randomized control trials and one crossover randomized control trial found using Cochrane and PubMed.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: The outcomes measured were muscle soreness and perception of pain. They were measured using a pressure-pain threshold and 10 point pain scale

RESULTS: The first ...


Intra-Articular Injection Of Photo-Activated Platelet-Rich Plasma In Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Pilot Study, Kade L. Paterson, Melissa Nicholls, Kim L. Bennell, Dan Bates Jan 2016

Intra-Articular Injection Of Photo-Activated Platelet-Rich Plasma In Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Pilot Study, Kade L. Paterson, Melissa Nicholls, Kim L. Bennell, Dan Bates

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Improvements in knee osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) have been attributed to its ability to modify intra-articular inflammatory processes. Photo-activation of peripheral blood also improves inflammatory mediators associated with OA, however combined photo-activated PRP (PA-PRP) has not been investigated. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, safety and symptomatic and functional change following injections of PA-PRP compared to hyaluronic acid (HA) in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA).


Analysis Of Degenerative Cervical Spondylolisthesis And Corrective Orthopaedic Implants, Tyler Heck Jun 2013

Analysis Of Degenerative Cervical Spondylolisthesis And Corrective Orthopaedic Implants, Tyler Heck

Honors Theses

Back pain is often due to the degeneration of intervertebral discs, which can lead to a condition known as spondylolisthesis, whereby a vertebra slips out of position in the anteroposterior direction. There are numerous orthopaedic implants which are used by surgeons to correct this condition; however, there has been no conclusive research conducted in comparing the efficacies of these implants. In the cervical spine, this condition most commonly occurs over two levels. For the purposes of this study, an implant’s efficacy depends on its ability to return the slipped vertebra back into natural position immediately after surgery. To test ...